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MASHI DIL

mashi-dilMASHI DIL, tasiri mekhanikie, ki ba dil badi az kor mondani on (bo maqsadi barqaror kardani faoliyat va tamini gardishi befosilai khun) merasonand. Dilro dar hama holathoi az kor mondanash mash mekunand. Dil bo sababhoi gunogun az kor memonad, mas., tashannuji raghoi iklili, bequvvati, sakta, sakht lat khurdan, az osebi barq yo jarayoni elektr va g. Alomathoi nogahon az kor mondani dil chuninand: behushi, nest shudani nabz dar sharayoni khob, qat shudani nafaskashi, paridani rangi ruy, vase gashtani mardumaki chashm.
Du namudi asosii M. d. mavjudand: beruni (basta) va daruni (kushoda). Mashi berunii dil ba on asos yoftaast, ki hangomi az pesh ba aqib pakhsh kardani qafasi sina dil chunon fishurda meshavad, ki khun az javfi on ba ragho meravad. Badi giriftani daston dil hamvor gashta, dar javfi on khuni varidi jabbida meshavad.
Mashi berunii dilro boyad har kas ijro karda tavonad. Dar surati az kor mondani dil mashro harchi zudtar sar kardan lozim ast. Baroi guzarondani M. d. bemor yo osebdidaro ba joi sakhti hamvor (rui zamin, farsh, takhta) mekhobonand; dar joi muloim (mas., bistar) guzarondani M. d. joiz nest. SHakhsi yorirason az tarafi chap yo rosti osebdida istoda, kafi dastashro ba chanog (sarsina) – i u chunin meguzorad, ki asosi kafi dast dar kanori poyoni chanog joygir shavad. Ba boloi in kafi dast kafi dasti digarro guzoshta, qafasi sinaro zud-zud az bolo ba aqib pakhsh mekunand (dar har yak son. yak marotiba). Badi har bor pakhsh kardan, dastro az qafasi sina giriftan lozim ast, to ki dil ba holati avvala bargashta bo khun pur shavad. Baroi ba dil jori shudani khuni varidi poi osebdidaro bolo mekunand.
Baroi kudakoni to 10 – 12 – sola mashi beruniro bo yak dast va baroi navzodon bo du angusht meguzaronand. Mashi berunii dilro albatta bo nafasdihii suni bo usuli dahon ba dahon yo dahon ba bini boyad yakjoya guzarond. Dar in hol badi har yak nafasi suni panj bor pakhsh kardani dil lozim ast, yane dar yak daq. dil boyad 60 marotiba pakhsh karda shuda, 12 marotiba nafasi suni girad.
Mashi beruni dil tadbiri oson va bisyor bosamar buda, imkon medihad, ki bisyor bemoron va osebdidagon az marg najot doda shavand. In mash ba tariqi yorii avvalin guzaronda meshavad. Muvaffaqiyati mashi berunii dilro az rui ba holati muqarrari bargashtani mardumaki chashm, paydoishi nabz va nafaskashi muayyan mekunand. M. d. boyad to omadani dukhtur yo zuhuryobii alomathoi marg guzaronda shavad.
Hangomi mashi darunii dil jarroh dastro ba qafasi sina darovarda, dilro har sari chand vaqt tazyiq medihad. CHunin namudi M. d.-ro dukhtur dar surati az kor mondani dil zimni jarrohii uzvhoi qafasi sina meguzaronad.

H. Vohidov.

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