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MARZANGuSH

marzangushMARZANGuSH (Majorana hortensis) marzanjush, gushi mush, mayoran, giyohest bisyorsola. Rastanii khushbuyi rayhonmonand. Balandiash 20 – 50 sm. Poyai rostu sershokh, bargi maydai darozruya (1 – 2 sm), rezaguli safed, gulobi yo surkhtob, khushaguli kutoh dorad. Bargi tar, khushk yo biryoni onro baroi khushbuyi ba taom meandozand. Az bargu gulash ravgani efir (to 0,4%) megirand. Gulash sershahd ast. M. ziroati garmidust meboshad. Onro dar khoki sabuki hosilkhez parvarish karda, 1 – 2 marotiba (dar ogozi gulshukuft) medaravand.
M. hamchun rastanii shifobakhsh dar tibbi SHarq az zamonhoi qadim istifoda meshavad. Abuali Sino az ravgani M. dorue tayyor mekard, ki dar tabobati bemorihoi asab, falaj va g. ba kor meraft. Jushobi M.-ro dar muolijai obkhura, illati ruda, rohi peshob va g. istifoda meburd. Az bargu poyai on baroi dardi miyon va omos marham tahiya mesokht.
Bino ba aqidai tabiboni mardumi M. hazmi khurokro behtar karda, bodi shikamro meronad, tasiri peshobroni va taskinbakhshi dorad. Onro dar tibbi bisyor kishvarho bo maqsadi tabobati bemorihoi rohi nafas va azoi hozima kor mefarmoyand. M. baroi ashkhosi giriftori bemorihoi meda parhezonai khub ast. Tabiboni khalqi bo M. amrozi rohi hozima, asab, rohi nafas va zakhmhoi gunogunro darmon mesozand. Onro yakjoya bo dig. doruho dar mavridi falaj, nevrasteniya, ziqi nafas, zukom kor mefarmoyand. Asosan dar shakli naqe va baroi tarbandi va obzan (vanna) istifoda meshavad.
Ba aqidai tabiboni guzashta agar M.-ro bikhurand, girehhoi maynaro mekushoyad, varami uzvhoro tahlil medihad, diltapak va zafi medaro shifo mebakhshad. Onro dar ob jushonda binushand, bastagii surokhi biniro mekushoyad. Molikhuliyo va kaj shudani ruyro shifo mebakhshad, zukomro band menamoyad. Hushki onro kufta dar bini birezand, maynaro az moddahoi zararnok pok megardonad. Ravgani M.-ro ba chashm kashand, furomadani zardobro ba gavharak daf mekunad, chashmi zaifro qavi megardonad. M.-ro khoida obashro furu barand, obravii dahonro man mesozad, ravgani onro nimgarm dar gush chakonand, girehhoi daruni onro mekushoyad. M.-ro bo sirko soida bimoland, dogi kunjidak va badbuii araqro daf mekunad.
Ad.: Kovalyova N. G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A. D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh primenenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A. F., Grom I. I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; H o d j i m a t o v M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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