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MARIHUANA

marihuanaMARIHUANA (Cannabis sativa), yak nav rastani. Solhoi pesh az on nakh va ravgan megiriftand. Az nakhi M. argamchin, libos va jihozi kishti tayyor karda meshud. Hosiyathoi nashaovarii M. badi az jonibi amerikoiyon kashf shudani tasiri ruhgiroi on muqarrar gasht. Az avv. a. 20 M.-ro ba sifati mavodi mukhaddir istifoda meburdagi shudand.
Az M. du namud moddai mukhaddir – «marikhuana» va «gashish» istehsol mekunand. Baroi «marikhuana» shokhchahoi qismi boloi rastaniro girifta mekhushkonand. «Gashish»-ro az gardi qatrone, ki rastani baroi muhofizat az garmi va oftob, hamchunin baroi bukhor nashudani ob hosil mekunad, ba dast meorand.
«Marikhuana» baroi salomati zarari nihoyat kalon dorad. On ba qobiliyati tafakkur tasir rasonda, hofizaro zaif mesozad, boisi tagyiroti sokhtori va vazifavii magzi sar megardad, baroi paydoishi bemorihoi bronkhit, faringit, sinusitho, saratoni shush musoidat mekunad, kori dilro nomurattab sokhta, fishori khunro baland menamoyad, ba faoliyati jinsi va inkishofi janin tasiri zahrogin merasonad. Istifodai duru darozi «marikhuana» oqibat bo margi bemahal anjom mepazirad.
lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; H o d j i m a t o v M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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