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MARHAM

marhamMARHAM, nave az davo. Asosi M.-horo ravgan (vazelin, lanolin, charbui khuk va g.) va moddahoi gunoguni dorui (ikhtiol, sulfur, dermatol, dyogt, kislotai salitsilat va g.) tashkil medihand. Tasiri M.-ho nisbat ba khamiraho amiqtar ast. Hususan M.-hoe, ki dar asosi davohoi gunoguni sintezi tahiya shudaand, beshtar istifoda megardand; onho ba pust nagz vorid shuda, samarai dilkhoh meorand.
M. hangomi ba pust molidan, ba bukhori ob mone gashta, ikhroji garmiro kam mekunad, pustro metasfonad, ba harakati khun va mubodilai moddaho taqviyat mebakhshad. M.-ro metavon bevosita ba pust molid; onro ba boloi doka girifta ba zakhm niz mebandand yo ba pust meshakand. M. ba joyhoi solim va bemui pust molida meshavad (agar zarur boshad, muyro metaroshand). Bo in maqsad bo dasti toza kame M. girifta ba pusti bemor (hatman boyad toza boshad) meshakand, sipas bo harakathoi darozruya va girdgardon to komilan khushk shudani pust molish medihand.
Agar murod az istifodai M. tasiri sathi boshad, pas onro ba boloi doka girifta, ba joi osebdidai pust meguzorand va bo bint mebandand. Baroi tasiri amiq rasondan, mas., ba infiltrat, M.-ro bevosita ba boloi on molida bo latta mepechonand. Bo maqsadi muloim shudani karakhsh va pulakchaho M.-ro 3 – 6 soat nigoh doshtan lozim ast. Baroi tabobati, mas., pulakchahoi psoriaz, obilahoi sakhtshuda va g. M.-ro ba boloi sellofan yo kogazi mumandud girifta «tarbandi» mekunand. Hangomi tabobati shukufai falsi va khorishak M.-ro ba pust sakht shakidan zarur ast. Nig. niz Krem.

B. O. Ishonqulova.

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