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MARG – Jon dodani odam (Inson) – okhiri umr

Marg tuhfai mumin ast

Hudoi taolo mefarmoyad: «Har nafse chashandai marg ast; va juz in nest, ki ba shumo ruzi qiyomat muzdi shumo ba tomom doda khohad shud, pas, har ki az duzakh dur doshta shavad va ba bihisht darovarda shavad, hamono ba murod rasidaast. Va zindagonii dunyo ba juz bahrai firebanda (chize) nest».[1]

Baytho:

Qomati kham monei umri sabukraftor nest,
Obro az mavj dar zanjir kardan mushkil ast.

marg

Gaflat nagasht boisi tajil umrro,
Dar khob niz qofilai mo ravona ast.

* * *

Dil ba tori nafasi sucm maband az gaflat,
Ki ba har dam zadan omoda ba gusekhtan ast.
(Mirzo Soib).

Dar hadisi Paygambari islom (s) omadaast, ki: «Marg tuhfai mumin ast». Va ba rasidani tuhfa har kas khushhol megardad. Marg pulest, ki habibro ba habib merasonad. Ammo hej kas Haq nadorad, ki ba sababi zarari dunyavi margro orzu namoyad. Hazrati Paygambari Hudo (s) farmudaand, ki: «Dar holati iztirori shadid ba in hidoyat amal namoed va bigued:

«Allohumma ahyini mo konati-l-hayotu khayral-li va tavaffani izo konati-l-vafotu khayral-li». (Muttafaqun alayh).[2]

Tarjuma: Ey Alloh, maro zinda nigah dor, to zamone ki zindagi baroyam behtar boshad va ba man mavt bideh, agar mavt baroyam behtar ast.

Ahvoli inson hangomi jon dodan va zikri amole, ki dar on vaqt boyad ba jo ovarda shavad

Alomati qaribulmavt[3] in ast, ki zonuhoyash ustuvor namemonand va binii u kaj shuda, pilki chashmonash poyon meoyad va nafasi u bolo meshavad. Va dar in holat vayro ba pusht khobonida, poyhoyashro ba tarafi qibla namoyand va dar zeri sarash bolisht biguzorand, to kame bolo shavad. Va ruyash ba tarafi osmon va jonibi qibla shavad, ba misli holati shakhse, ki namozi bemorro ado menamoyad, ki dar in holat baromadani jon osontar meboshad. Va ba in tariqa pushonidani chashmoni u va pechonidani libos oson shavad va az kaj shudani andomho mahfuz memonad. Vale afzaltar on ast, ki ba kitfi rost bikhobonand va ruyashro ba suyi qibla bigardonand, zero ki in az sunnat ast. Va Hazrati Paygambari Hudo (s) farmudaand, ki: «Kaba qiblai shumost dar holati hayot va mamot».[4] Vale baze az faqehoni islom mefarmoyand, ki az in du holat kadomashro, ki baroi sohiboni mayit osontar boshad, onro intikhob namoyand.

Va dar nazdi qaribulmavt boyad nishasta, uro talqini kalimai tayyiba «Lo iloha illallohu Muhammadar-rasululloh» va yo kalimai shahodat «Ashhadu al-lo iloha illallohu va ashhadu anna Muhammadar-rasululloh,» karda shavad. YAne bo ovozi baland bikhonand, to u bishnavadu biguyad. Vale naboyad uro amr namoyand, ki chunin bigu, zero dar holati nozuk va hassos qaror dorad, Hudo nakhosta inkor kunad, yo az dahonash kalimai nomunosibe baroyad. Hazrati Paygambari Hudo (s) farmudaand, ki: «Murdagonatonro kalimai tayyiba talqin namoed». Va hamchunin Hazrati Paygambari Hudo (s) farmudaand, ki: “Har kase, ki okhirin kalome az dahanash baroyad va on kalimai «Lo iloha illalloh» boshad, ba jannat dokhil khohad shud».

Binobar in har goh shakhsi qaribulmavt yak bor in kalimotro khond, shumo dubora takror nakuned. Va agar boz yagon sukhani dunyavi guft, boz takror namoed, to in ki okhirin sukhanash kalimai tayibavu shahodat boshad. Va agar az dahoni shakhsi qaribulmavt sukhane az kalimoti kufr sodir shavad, ba hisob girifta nameshavad.

Va hamchunin mustahab ast, ki ba boloi sarash kase surai «YOsin»-ro tilovat namoyad. Zero Hazrati Paygambari Hudo (s) farmudaand, ki: «Bar murdagonaton surai «YOsin» bikhoned».[5] Va shakhsi khonanda boyad bo tahorat boshad, valekin farq nadorad, ki khonanda mard ast yo zan va yo bolig ast yo nobolig, az ruyi Quron mekhonad, yo azyod mekhonad. Ba sababi khondani surai «YOsin» azobi jonkandan oson megardad.

Va hamchunin dar in hangom huzuri odamoni junub va hoizavu nufaso dar nazdi qaribulmavt joiz ast, vale behtar on ast, ki huzur nadoshta boshand. Va mustahab ast, ki rafiqoni behtarin va kheshovaidoni mehrubonu shakhsoni parhezgor va hamsoyagoni khub huzur doshta boshand. Va onho dar on majlis boyad sukhanhoe guyand, ki insonro ba yodi Hudo va dunyoi okhirat andozad. Va hamchunin shakhsi qaribulmavtro ob binushonand, zero dar chunin holat tashnagi bar inson galaba mekunad va shayton fireb medihad.

Nazm:

Malak oyad ba amri burdani jon,
Qasdu imoni mo kunad shayton.
U rasad bo hazor fitnavu rev,
Tu amon deh zi changali[6] on dev.
Homii holi banda Hud boshi,
CHist holi lainaki loshi.

Va hamchunin baroi shakhsi qaribulmavt lozim ast, ki ba Hudoi taolo gumoni nek doshta, umedvori rahmatu bakhshishi Ilohi boshad. Va agar hushash dar cap boshad in duoro bikhonad:

«Allohuma-gfirli va-rhamni va-lhiqni bi-r-rafiqi-l-alo».[7]

Tarjuma: Ey Alloh, maro biyomurz va bar man rahm bifarmo va ba rafiqi alo mulhaq gardon.

Va bad az khondani «Lo iloha illalloh» in duoro niz bikhonad:

«Allohumma ainni alo gamaroti-l-mavti va sakaroti-l-mavt».[8]

Tarjuma: Ey Alloh, maro ba sakhtihoi mavt madad farmo.

Hazrati Paygambari Hudo (s) farmudaand, ki: «Vaqte ki hozir shaved shumo ba nazdi bemor, yo mayit, yane on, ki nazdik boshad ba mavt, pas, bigued sukhanoni nekro va duoi khayr kuned baroi khud va baroi bemor va mayit ba shifovu magfirat, zero ki farishtagon omin meguyand bar on chi megued shumo».

Ruboi:

Dunyo hama cap ba cap ba komat shuda gir,

Pas umr biraftavu ajal omada gir.

Gui ba murodi khesh daste bizanam,

In khud natavon, tu gar tavoni, zada gir.

Qita:

Gofile meguft, k:-Ey banno[9], binoi khonaam,

Soz mahkam v-arna z-onam gayri dardu gam chi sud?

Zirake bishnidu gufto:-CHun binoi umri mo

Sakht sucm omad, binoi obu gil mahkam chi sud?

Ruboi:

Bemoyavu sud xohi omad okhir,

Beguftu shunud khohi omad okhir.

Bisyor marav ba avji hasti bolo,

Zero ki furud khohi omad okhir.

[1] Surai Oli Imron, oyati 185.

[2] «Al-hisnu-l-hasin». Sah. 214.

[3] Qaribulmavt shakhsi miranda.

[4] Abudovud.

[5] Az Maqil ibni YAsor rivoyat ast, ki Rasuli akram (s) farmudand: “Har kas baroi rizoi Alloh surai «YOsin»-ro bikhonad, gunohoni guzashtai u afv shavand, lizo in surai muborakro bar bolini murdagoni khud bikhoned». (Bayhaqi az «SHuabu-l-imon»).

[6] CHangal – changol.

[7] «Al-hisnu-l-hasin». Sah. 218.

[8] «Al-hisnu-l-hasin». Sah. 218.

[9] Banno – binokor.

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