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MAORIFI SANITARi

maorifi-sanitariMAORIFI SANITARi, pahn kardani donishhoi tibbi va gigieni; dar bayni aholi bo maqsadi nigahdori va poydor gardondani salomatii onho tarbiya namudani malakahoi behdoshti.
Guzarondani korhoi M. s. yake az vazifahoi asosii dukhturon ast. Dar amaliyai M. s. leksiyayu suhbathoi kormandoni tib, targibi donishhoi tibbi ba vositai matbuot, radio, kino, televizion va g. istifoda burda meshavand. Dar kori M. s. qasrhoi farhangi, kitobkhonaho, idorahoi istifodai manzil, inchunin jamiyathoi gunogun, ki adabiyoti M. s. – ro nashr mekunand, ishtirok menamoyand. Targibi donishho oid ba peshgirii bemoriho, khosa bemorihoi siroyati va kasbi, samti asosii M. s. ast. Hangomi ba roh mondani korhoi M. s. ba masalahoi peshgirii amrozi dilu rag, bemorihoi onkologi, inchunin sil diqqati asosi medihand. Dar in mavrid durust tashkil namudani mehnatu istirohat, tartibi gizo, obutbi organizm, hifzi modaru kudak va g. ahamiyati kalon dorad. Talimu tarbiyai behdoshtro az khurdsoli (az bogchai bachaho, yasli) sar mekunand. Bo M. s. muallimon dar darshoi muhofizati tandurusti, biologiya, anatomiya va fiziologiya, inchunin dukhturoni maktab dar korhoi berun az sinfi va berun az maktabi mashgul meshavand. M. s. ba har yak azoi jamiyat baroi az khud kardani donishho oid ba hifzi sihhat imkoniyathoi nomahdud faroham meorad. Targibi ayoni ahamiyati kalon dorad. Vale tanho az usulu vositahoi durandeshonai M. s., faqat az adabiyoti makhsusi maorifi sanitari istifoda burdan joiz ast. Dar surati nadoshtani malumoti tibbi khondani kitobu jurnalho va dig. adabiyoti tibbi, ki baroi kormandoni tib tain shudaand, joiz nest, chunki in kor boisi paydo shudani bemorihoi talqini gashta, holati mutadili ruhi va jismonii odamro vayron mekunad.
Ad.: Ershov V. S., Belyaeva A. T., Sanitarnoe prosveshenie, M., 1982; Popov V. F., Belyaeva A. T., Sanitarnoe prosveshenie, M., 1988.

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