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MANORAI KALON

MANORAI KALON, yodgorii memori dar sh. Bukhoro. Soli 1127 bo farmoni namoyandai khonadoni Qarokhoniyon Arslonkhon az tarafi memor va muhandis Baqo sokhta shudaast. Dar joi Manorai Kalon manorai chubine bud. Pas az vayron shudani on dar joyash Manorai Kalonro sokhtand (purra az khishti pukhtai 27X27 sm va gaj), poydevorash az sang. Ba mururi zamon qismi poyoni Manorai Kalon (taqriban 10 m) zeri khok mond, holo balandiash 45,6 m ast. Diametri asosash 9 m va boloyash — 6 m. Poydevorash kirrador, tanaash mudavvar.

Qismi boloii Manorai Kalonro qafasai 16-ravoqai muqarnaskori tashkil medihad, ki onro ba mino (mayak) monand kardaast. Saqfi in qafasa bo girehi nazarrabo oro yoftaast. Tanaash bo halqahoi naqshii (naqshaho az khishthoi sayqalyofta ba tarzhoi gunogun chida shudaand, faro girifta shuda, dar bayn navishtajoti purshukuhi qufi dorad. Marzai har kadomi halqaho bo dandonahoi khishti hoshiyabandi shudaand. Ba Manorai Kalon az bomi Masjidi Kalon pule guzoshtaand.

ASCII

Az in jo ba vositai zinapoyai morpechi khishtin (105 zina) to qafasa rohe hast. Daruni manoraro darichaho ravshan mekunand. Baze qismhoi tana va muqarnaskorii Manorai Kalon soli 1924 tamir shudaast. Qismi zeri khok mondai poydevori manoraro solhoi 60 usto Ochil Bobomurodov kushoda, joyhoi osebdidaashro tamir namudaast. Manorai Kalon yakjoya bo Masjidi Kalon va Madrasai Miri Arab kompleksi «Poymanor» yo «Poi Kalon»-ro tashkil medihad. Manorai Kalon dar bayni inshooti hamin tip bo hashamatu mukammaliash maqomi makhsus doshta, namunai istedodi behamtoi memoroni Osiyoi Miyona meboshad. YOdgori dar muhofizati davlat ast.

Ad.: Nilson V. A., Monumentalnaya arkhitektura Bukharskogo oazisa XI— XII vv., Tashkent, 1956; Pugachenko-v a G. A., Remael L. I., Istoriya iskusstv Uzbekistana, M., 1965.

U. Pulodov.

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