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MAKTAB

maktabMAKTAB (talaboti behdoshti), muassisai talimu tarbiya. Sokhtmoni M.- ho az rui loihai makhsus surat megirad, ki dar on tamomi talaboti behdoshti nisbati binoi maktab peshbini shudaand. Zamini M. (na kamtar az 0,3 ga; 40 – 50%-i on boyad baroi bogcha va sabzkori istifoda gardad) ba chand qita judo karda meshavad: varzishgoh (maydoncha baroi tubbozi, gimnastika, varzishi sabuk); talimiyu tarbiyavi (baroi korhoi kishovarzi, ziroat); maydonchai bozihoi serharakat va istirohat; qitai khojagidori bo daromadgohi judogona. Balandii muvofiqi binoi M. – 3 oshyona ast; on boyad chand joi baromad doshta boshad, ki baroi andeshidani tadbirhoi ziddiepidemi muvofiqat namoyand. Talaboti behdoshti nisbati M. alohida budani chand guruh sinfkhonahoro baroi kudakoni hamsinnu sol va robitai muvofiq bayni qitai talimiro peshbini mekunad.
Sinfi I boyad az 30 naf., sinfhoi II – IX az 40 naf., sinfhoi H – HI az 36 naf. ziyod khonanda nadoshta boshand. Dar dehot sokhtani M.-hoi sinfkhonahoyashon baroi khonandagoni adadashon kamtar ijozat ast.
Masohati sinfkhonaho boyad na kamtar az 64 m2, kabinethoi laboratori – 66 m2 boshad. Masofa az takhtai sinf to qatori okhiri mizho yo partaho 8 – 9 m ast. Sathi takhtai sinf boyad suftar va bejilo, baroi ba farsh narekhtani gardi bur, guzoshtani latta, bur novacha doshta boshad. Masolehi behtarin baroi takhtai sinf lenoleum ast. Takhtahoi sinfii rangashon sabz tavsiya meshavand. Onho nuri rushnoiro nisbatan kam furu burda, baroi didani navishtajot khele muvofiq meboshand. SHifti sinfkhona boyad na kamtar az 3 m balandi doshta boshad. Masohati tolori varzish: 144m2 – 3m; 162 m2 – 5,4m; 288 m2 va ziyoda az on – 6 m. baroi talimi mehnati khonandagoni sinfhoi V – X kabineti omuzishi kasb va asoshoi istehsolot, ustokhonai istehsolot, ustokhonai universali oid ba shaklhoi mehnati tekhniki faoliyat menamoyand. Inchunin baroi hamai kabinethoi talimi khonahoi laboratori peshbini shudaand.
Dar M.-hoi zamonavi kabinethoi talimii informatika va kompyuteri vujud dorand.
Dar M. boyad baroi hifzi tandurustii kudakon hama guna sharoit faroham sokhta shavad. Dar in bobat nizomi talim (nig. Sinni maktabi) va mebeli maktab ahamiyati kalon dorad.
Baroi kitobu daftar va dig. ashyoi khonish khonandagon, khususan khonandagoni sinfhoi poyoni, boyad az sumkai kitfi istifoda kunand; khonanda onro ba takhtapusht meovezad va hamin tavr, vazn barobar taqsim meshavad, ki baroi peshgirii khamidagii qomat va skolioz dar kudakon ahamiyati kalon dorad.

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