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MAYVIZAJ

mayvizachMAYVIZAJ (Delphinium oreophilum), giyohest bisyorsola. Az 30 to 70 sm qad mekashad. Poyaash sershokh, bargash dumchadaroz, 3 – 5 – parra, gulash kabud, mevaash darfshmonandi nugkaj, pashmakdor. Iyun – iyul gul karda, iyul – sent. meva mebandad. Dar dashtu archazor, margzor, chimzamin, nishebiho va sanglokh meruyad. Dar q.-kuhhoi Turkiston, Zarafshon, Hisoru Darvoz, nohiyahoi Tojikistoni SHarqi, Pomiri Garbiyu SHarqi (dar balandii 2000 – 4000 m az s.b.) pahn shudaast.
Hosiyati zahrnoki va tabobatii M. az qadim malum ast. Ba guftai Abualii Sino M. khosiyati suzonandagi, khurandagi, tami tez dorad. M.-ro dar sirko jushonda, hangomi dardi dandon va iltihobi voraho dahonro mechayqonand. Nushidani on khavfnok ast, chunki masonaro zakhmdor mekunad.
Dar tibbi khalqi jushobi M.-ro dar mavridi omoshoi gunogun, churra, sifilis, zardparvin, iltihobi gadudi zeri meda, bemorihoi uzvhoi jinsi va jigar istifoda meburdand. Guli onro choy karda, chun vositai kijjaron, araqron, peshobron, ziddi iltihob istemol menamoyand. SHirai bargu poyai M. hangomi bemorii rohhoi boloii nafas tarbandi (baroi garm kardani gulu) karda meshavad. Bo jushobi on dar mavridi falaj, tarbod, radikulit va kasalihoi pust obbozi mekunand. M. rastanii khele zahrnok ast. Binobar in, dar sharoiti khona istifoda burdani on maslihat doda nameshavad.
Alkaloidhoi tarkibi M. (delsamin, kondelfin, metillikakonitin) dar tibbi ilmi malum buda, hangomi balandii tonusi mushakho va baze illathoi marbut ba ikhtiloli faoliyati harakat (parkinsonizm, skleroz, falaj va g.), ki binobar amrozi silsilai asabhoi markazi rukh menamoyand, farovon istifoda megardand.
Ad.: Kovalyova N. G. Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A. D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh primenenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A. F., Grom I. I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; H o d j i m a t o v M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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MAVODI LAZZATBAHSHI GIZO

MAVODI LAZZATBAHSHI GIZO, tavobil, moddahoe,ki baroi behtar kardani mazai khurok istifoda meshavand. Ba M. zabuda, …