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LuBIYO

lubiyoLuBIYO (Phascolus vulgaris), rastaniest yaksola. Poyaash pechoni sershokhcha, bargash sermuyak, gulash gulobi, bunafsh, zardtob yo safedi sabzcha, gilofakash daroz (2 – 10 tukhm dorad).
L. ziroati gizoi va shifobakhsh ast. Doni onro ba taom meandozand, dar sanoati konservu tabbokhi istifoda mebarand. Dar tarkibi doni L. safeda, ravgan, ohar, qand, vitaminho A, V, S mavjud ast. Az bargash javhari limu va chand khel doru tayyor mekunand.
Bino ba malumoti Abumansuri Muvaffaq L. neruro meafzoyad. L.-i surkh janini favtidaro az bachadon khorij mesozad, khunravii bad az tavalludro bozmedorad. Abualii Sino L.-ro baroi sina va shush mufid hisobidaast. Bino ba malumoti Muhammad Husayni SHerozi L. khosiyati poksozi dorad, sangro hal mekunad, doni on peshobro meronad. L.-i safed damishovar buda, der hazm meshavad, sina va shushro narm, jismro farbeh mesozad. Istemoli az meyor ziyodi L. boisi khobhoi dahshatnok megardad.
Dar tibbi khalqi naqei gilofak yo guli khushki L.-ro hangomi illati gurda va masona, bemorihoi dilu ragho (galayoni khun, zaf va iltihobi dil), baroi muolijai diabeti qand, tarbod va niqris istifoda mebarand. Ruze pesh az taom 3 – 4 marotiba istemol namudani 0,5 istakon naqei guli L. dardi sangi gurda va talkhadonro naf mebakhshad. Hokai gilofaki L.-ro ba shukufa, zakhmhoi sukhtai obdor, jarohathoi fasodnok, saromos meposhand. Ordi L.-ro khamir karda ba jarohat, haftpust, khasmol mebandand. Taomi lubiyodorro ba sifati gizoi nerubakhshi meda tavsiya medihand. Istemoli L. bodnok, derhazm buda, az on dar badan moddai galiz paydo meshavad, uzvhoi daruni sina va shushro muloim mekunad, mani va shir paydo menamoyad, bohro ba harakat meovarad, badanro farbeh mesozad, peshob va hayzro ravon mekunad. Agar L.-ro bo kame qand biyoshomand, khunero, ki az zanoni navzoida meoyad, pok megardonad, bacharo az shikami zanoni homila meaftonad.
Tabiboni khalqii olmoni jushobi gilofak, poya va pusti khushki doni L.-ro davoi bemorihoi gurda, obkhura, sar, diabeti qandi mehisoband.
Dar tibbi muosir L. ba sifati gizoi parhezi va davoi istifoda meshavad. Javhari az pusti doni L. tayyorkarda miqdori qandi khunro kam mekunad. Binobar in, onro baroi bemoroni giriftori diabeti qandi tavsiya medihand.
Ad.: Nuraliev YU., Lekarstvennie rasteniya, D., 1988; Zohidov H., Kanzi shifo, D., 1998.

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