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Libosi az pakhtagi (az nakhi pakhta)

Pakhta –  nakhi tabii meboshad, ki on az guruhi rastaniho paydo shudaast, ki vatanash hinduston ast. Pakhta az asri 1-i tomelod asosan dar mamlakathoi Osiyo parvarish va istehsol karda meshavad. Jumhurii Tojikiston ba taraqqiyotu istehsolii pakhtai etibori kalon dodaast.

Pakhtaro dar urfiyat «tilloi safed» meguyand, ki dar haqiqat arzishi pakhta ba tillo barobar ast. Pakhta hamchun ashyoi khom ba hisob meravad va az on baze navhoi to 33-55% va navhoi mahinnakh to 38-40% nakhi tabii megirand. Pakhta rastanii yaksola buda, darozii nakhash az 12-20 to 50-60 mm meshavad. Az hama pakhtai behtarin nakhi daroztarindoshta ba hisob meravad. Az pakhta nakh, resmon girifta, mato istehsol mekunand.

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Fayr az in az pakhta ravgan, kunjora, shulkha, sobun va digar ravganihoi tekhnikiyu strategi istehsol mekunand. Barobari on az partovhoi pakhta dar istehsolot selyuloza, lak, rang, linoleum, kinoplyonka, materialhoi izolyatsioni istifoda mebarand. Az bargi pakhta kistlotai sirko,

kislotai seb va digar kislotai organiki istehsol mekunand. Poyaashro ham chun hezum istifoda mebarand. Az pakhta resmonhoi gafs va bisyor matohoi zebo, monandi chit, doka, vilvet, dukhoba va gayraho istehsol mekunand.

Matohoi pakhtagi nisbat ba digar matoho bisyor khususiyathoi balandi gigeni dorand. Onho sabuk va oson shusta meshavad. Namii havo va garmiro nagz meguzaronad pas az shustan khususiyathoi gigienii khudro tez va oson barqaror mekunand, sabuk darzmol meshavad. Dar vaqti shustan hajmash khurd meshavad.

Agar 1 tonna pakhtaro talaf dihem, khojagii khalq 4320 m matoi pakhtagin, 110 kg ravgan, 16 kg sobun, 260 kg kunjora, 180 kg shulkha gum mekunad. Az in sabab nigoh doshtani pakhta az talafshavi vazifai muqaddasi har yak farzandi Tojikiston meboshad.

Ravandi tekhnologiyai tayyor kardani nakhi pakhta bisyor dushvor meboshad. Avval az chirku iflosii toza va naddofi mekunand, bad az on nakhhoro hosil mekunand. Ravandi istehsoli matoi pakhtagin chunin ast.

 

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