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LOMISA

lomisaLOMISA, yake az quvvahoi hissi panjgona. L. baroi roh yoftan dar toriki yori merasonad, imkon medihad, ki nafaqat mavjudiyati predmet, balki andoza, harorat, nami, sathi on (hamvor, shakhshul va g.) muayyan karda shavad. Hissi L. az majmui khabarhoe, ki ba magzi sar az torhoi asab (retseptorho) meoyand, tarkib meyobad. Retseptorho asosan dar pust va luobpardahoe joygirand, ki bevosita ba muhiti berun aloqa dorand (mas., javfi dahon, bini, halq va g.). L-i atrofi dahon va luobpardai lab (khususan dar kudakon) nihoyat hassosand. Barobari besh az pesh kalonsoltar shudan va vobasta ba faoliyati mehnati hassosii L.-i angushton afzuda, dar natija qobiliyati palmosida dark kardani sifati predmetho paydo meshavad. Haror. muhiti atrofro nugi torhoi asab (termoretseptorho) dark mekunand.
Rasidani signalho (dar borai vazi badan dar fazo va darajai kashishkhurii mushak) baroi faoliyati mutadili mushakho sharti zarurist. Odam in qabil signalhoro hamchun «hissi mushak» dark menamoyad, ki onro retseptorhoi mushakhoyu bandho intiqol mekunand. Odam ba chunin hissiyot «takya» karda, dar muhiti muqarrari aniq va dilpurona harakat mekunad. Vale dar muayyan kardani masofai predmetho nafaqat «hissi mushak», balki bosira ham ishtirok menamoyad.
L. baroi shakhsoni nobino dar darki muhit ahamiyati kalon dorad. Nobinoyon bo istifoda az L. metavonand kori baso nozuk va murakkabro ijro kunand. Makhsusan L.-i shakhsoni ham nobino va ham kar ba darajai baland inkishof yoftaast. Talimi makhsusi chunin odamon (talimi nutq, khat va malakahoi mehnati) bar takmili L.-i onho vobasta meboshad.
Ikhtiloli hissi L. dar qisman yo purra gum kardani on ifoda megardad, ki in ba illatyobii silsilai asabhoi markazi vobasta ast. Pusti joyhoi muayyani baze shakhson nihoyat hassosand. Az had ziyod hassos budani pust mumkin ast oqibati bemorii baze uzvhoi daruni boshad. CHunin vobastagi dar tashkhis va tabobati yak qator amrozi uzvhoi darun (mas., ba joyhoi hassosi pust bo mash va dig. usulhoi tabobat tasir rasondan) ba dukhturon yori merasonad.

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