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LOYQASHIFOi

loikashifoiLOYQASHIFOi, peloidoterapiya, bo maqsadi tabobat istifoda burdani loy (peloid)-hoi manbaashon gunogun – torfi, sulfidi, sapropeli va g. Loyhoi torfi asosan az moddahoi vayronshudai organiki va boqimondai pusidai rastani iboratand. Tahshinhoi loyqagie, ki asosan az moddahoi organiki tarkib yofta, kame moddahoi madani ham dorand, tahshinhoi sapropeli nomida meshavand. Loyhoi sulfidi tahshinhoi organikiyu mineralii obanborhoi shurand, ki miqdori ziyodi sulfid (az jumla sulfidi ohan) dorand. Moddahoi loymonand (parafinu ozokert) bo khususiyathoi fizikiashon ba loyho nazdikand.
Loyhoi garmkardai tabobati garmiro der nigoh doshta, onro tadrijan ba badan medihand. Bayni loy va pusti bemor qabati tunuki havoyu gaz ba vujud meoyad va ba tufayli hamin qabat ba garmii on toqat kardan mumkin ast. Hol on ki ba chunin harorat dar ob toqat kardan imkonnopazir meboshad. Gayr az omili garmi (omili asosi) hamchunin angezishi khimiyavii pust va tasiri sulfidi gidrogen, ammiak va baze moddahoi gazmonandi tarkibi loy, ki ba vositai pust ba organizm meguzarand, ahamiyati kalon dorand. Loi tabobati nugi asabhoi pustro angekhta, ba tavri refleksi ba vositai markazhoi olii asab ba faoliyati sistemai asab, gardishi khun, gadudhoi tarashshuhi daruni, mubodilai moddaho va g. tasir merasonad. L. ba behtar shudani gardishi khun dar joi osebdidai badan, jabbishi manbai gazak, mubodilai moddaho, etidoli faoliyati gadudhoi tarashshuhi daruni musoidat mekunad.
Dar asnoi L. loyqai tabobatiro ba tamomi badani bemor (ba gayr az sar va boloi dil) yo ba joyhoi alohidai badan memoland. Usuli okhiri beshtar istifoda meshavd.
Bemorro ba boloi kati makhsus khobonda, pas az guzoshtani loy uro mepechonand. Badi ba okhir rasidani prosedura loyro megirand, boqimondai on az badan dar zeri dush (36 – 37°S) shusta meshavad. Baroi tabobati baze bemoriho ba istiloh L.-i javfiro istifoda mebarand: baroi bemorihoi zanona fatilai loiro ba mahbal, baroi bemorihoi urologii mardon fatilai loiro ba rudai rost medarorand. YAk navi L. gildarmoni ast. Dar in mavrid az gilhoi ravganin va muloim istifoda mebarand: onro avval khushk va az omekhtaho toza karda, bo mahsuli 10-foizai namaki osh to marhammonand shudanash meomezand. Gili garmkardaro ba joyhoi zarardidai badan memoland.
Parafin va ozokert (mumi kuhi) dar amaliyai fizioterapiya farovon istifoda meshavand. Onho garmiro kam guzaronda, bisyortar ba khud megirand va bo mururi khunuk va hajman khurd shudanashon ba boftahoi zeri khud fishor meorand. Parafin va ozokeritro hamchun moddai gudokhta bo harorati muayyan ba badan guzoshta, boloyashro bo kurpa mepushonand. Badi anjomi prosedura ba pust vazelin, spirt yo odekolon molida meshavad. Parafin va ozokeritro chun vannacha va niqob niz istifoda mebarand.
L.-ro dar kurorthoe, ki dar nazdikii konhoi loy joygirand, dar shifogohhoi makhsus, inchunin dar shubahoi fizioterapevtii bemorkhonaho, poliklinikaho, sanatoriyaho va dig. muassisahoi tabobatiyu profilaktiki (ba on jo loy ovarda meshavad) meguzaronand. Loyro baroi tabobati bemorihoi muzmin va osebi ustukhon, mushak va bugum, sistemai asabhoi kanoriyu markazi, gazaki muzmini uzvhoi jinsii zanonu mardon, baroi tabobati baze bemoriho va iltihobi javfi shikam istifoda mebarand.
L. ba organizm tasiri purzur merasonad. Binobar in onro faqat bo tainoti dukhtur va zeri nazorati u guzarondan lozim ast. Hangomi baze bemorihoi dil, raghoi khun, gurda, jigar, omosho va tamoyul ba khunravi L. metavonad ahvoli bemorro bad kunad. Dar asnoi L. ba qoidahoi muqarrarshuda qati rioya kardan zarur ast. Badi proseduraho dar katchai khonai istirohat 30 – 40 daq., faslhoi khunuki sol boshad, az in ham ziyodtar istirohat boyad kard. Badi ba palata yo ba khona omadan, boz 1 – 2 soat daroz kashidan lozim ast. Dar davrai tabobat bo loy az khunukkhuri (dar obanborhoi khunuk obbozi kardan va g.) va kori jismoni khuddori boyad kard. Bo shikami gurusna niz ba muolija shuru kardan joiz nest; (bad az 2 – 3 soati taom khurdan behtar ast). Bazan badi avvalin prosedura bemor khastavu zaif va dard sakhttar meshavad (ba istiloh tazohuroti balneologi), vale ruzhoi minbada, odatan, in guna ehsosi nokhush bartaraf megardad

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