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LIZING IJORAI MOLIYAVI CHIST ?

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

DAR BORAI IJORAI MOLIYAVI (LIZING)

(QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston  soli 2003, №4, mod.139;

Qonuni JT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300; az 14.11.2016 s., №1375)

Qonuni mazkur asoshoi tashkili, huquqi va iqtisodii ijorai moliyavi (lizing)-ro  (minbad – lizing) muayyan namuda, munosibathoe, ki dar ravandi faoliyati lizingi ba vujud meoyand, tanzim menamoyad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375) 

BOBI 1. MUQARRAROTI UMUMI 

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Moddai 1. Sohai tatbiqi Qonuni mazkur

Sohai tatbiqi Qonuni mazkur lizingi molu mulke meboshad, ki ba ashyohoi gayriistemoli mansub buda, bo maqsadi sohibkori baroi sohibi va istifodabarii muvaqqati ba shakhsoni huquqiva sohibkoroni infirodi doda meshavand.  (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300; QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375) 

Moddai 2. Mafhumhoi asosi

                  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda meshavand:  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

– lizing – majmui munosibathoi tashkili, iqtisodi va huquqie, ki ba ijroi shartnomai lizing vobastaand;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

– lizingi moliyavi – namudi lizing, ki badi ba anjom rasidani muhlati on huquqi molikiyat ba predmeti lizing metavonad tibqi shartnoma ba lizinggir guzarad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

– lizingi amaliyoti – namudi lizing, ki badi ba anjom rasidani muhlati on predmeti lizing ba molikiyati lizinggir nameguzarad va ba lizingdeh bargardonida meshavad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

– lizingi bargardonidashavanda – namudi lizing, ki tibqi on lizinggir molu mulki khudro ba lizingdeh bo sharte mefurushad, ki minbad lizingdeh in molu mulkro ba lizinggir ba lizing mesuporad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

– faoliyati lizingi – namudi faoliyati sarmoyaguzori oid ba kharidani molu mulk va ba lizing dodani on;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

– khizmatrasonihoi (korhoi) ilovagi – khizmatrasonihoe (korhoe), ki lizingdeh yo furushanda to ogozi istifodabari va yo dar jarayoni istifodai predmeti lizing ba lizinggir rasonidaand va ba ijroi shartnomai lizing vobasta meboshand;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

– shartnomai lizing – ahdi khattie, ki mutobiqi on lizingdeh uhdador meshavad  molu mulki nishondodai lizinggirro az furushandae, ki hamin lizinggir muayyan kardaast, hamchun molikiyat kharidori namuda, onro baroi sohibi va istifodabarii muvaqqatii bo pardokht baroi maqsadhoi sohibkori ba lizinggir peshnihod namoyad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 3. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai lizing

                   (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai lizing ba Konstitutsiyai Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro etirof namudaast, iborat meboshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 4. Predmeti lizing

                   (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Predmeti lizing metavonad hama guna ashyovu anjomi gayriistemoli, az jumla korkhonaho va digar majmaai amvoli, bino, inshoot, tajhizot, vositahoi naqliyot va digar amvoli manqul va gayrimanqule boshand, ki baroi faoliyati sohibkori istifoda burda meshavand.  (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300; QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Predmeti lizing nametavonad qitahoi zamin va digar obekthoi tabii va inchunin amvole boshad, ki gardishi ozodi on mahdud yo man karda shudaast, yo baroi on tartibi makhsusi muomilot muqarrar gardidaast.  (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300; QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Mahdud yo man budani gardishi ozodi molu mulk, az jumla,  tartibi makhsusi gardishi molu mulkro, qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar menamoyad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 5. Subekthoi lizing

(QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Subekthoi lizing inho meboshand:  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

– lizingdehshakhsi voqei yo sohibkori infirodie, ki az hisobi mablaghoi jalbgardida yo khudi dar jarayoni tatbiqi shartnomai lizing molu mulkro  ba molikiyat mekharad va onro ba sifati predmeti lizing ba lizinggir ba ivazi mablagi muayyan ba muhlat va bo sharthoi muayyan baroi sohibi va istifodai muvaqqati bo guzashtan yo naguzashtani huquqi molikiyat ba predmeti lizing ba lizinggir  medihad. Tashkilothoi tijorati mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikis­ton va hujjathoi tasisiashon metavonand shirkathoi lizingiero tasis dihand, ki tanho funksiyai lizingdehro ijro menamoyand;  (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300; QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

– lizinggirshakhsi huquqi yo sohibkori infirodie, ki mutobiqi shartnomai lizing vazifador ast, predmeti lizingro ba ivazi mablagi muayyan ba muhlat va bo sharthoi muayyan baroi sohibi va istifodai muvaqqati qabul namoyad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

– furushanda – shakhsi huquqi yo sohibkori infirodie, ki mutobiqi shartnoma molu mulkero, ki predmeti lizing hisob meshavad, ba lizingdeh dar muhlati shartgardida mefurushad. Furushanda hamzamon metavonad dar doirai yak munosibati huquqii lizing  ba sifati lizinggir  baromad namoyad. (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300; QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Subekti lizing metavonand rezidentho va gayrirezidenthoi Jumhurii Tojikiston boshand.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 51 . Namudhoi lizing

(QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Namudhoi lizing inhoyand:  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

– lizingi moliyavi;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

– lizingi amaliyoti;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

– lizingi bargardonidashavanda.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Dar shartnomai lizing boyad yake az namudhoi lizingi dar qismi yakumi moddai mazkur muayyanshuda peshbini karda shavad. Bo muvofiqai tarafho mumkin ast furushandai molu mulkro lizingdeh muayyan namoyad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Lizinge, ki dar on lizinggir va lizingdeh rezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshand lizingi dokhili hisob meshavad va lizinge, ki dar on yake az subektho gayrirezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshad, lizingi baynalmilali ba hisob meravad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 6. Sublizing

                   (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Sublizing – namudi zerkiroyai predmeti lizing, ki muvofiqi on lizinggir tibqi shartnomai lizing ba shakhsoni seyum (lizinggiron az rui shartnomai sublizing) molu mulkero, ki peshtar az lizingdeh tibqi shartnomai lizing giriftaast va on predmeti lizing meboshad, bo pardokht va ba muhlati mutobiq ba sharthoi shartnomai sublizing baroi sohibi va istifodabari medihad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Hangomi ba sublizing dodani molu mulk huquqi talab ba furushanda tibqi shartnomai sublizing ba lizinggir meguzarad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Dodani predmeti lizing ba sublizing bo rozigii khattii lizingdeh anjom doda meshavad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Muhlati sublizing naboyad az muhlati lizing, ki shartnomai lizing muqarrar  namudaast, ziyod boshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

BOBI P. ASOSHOI HUQUQII MUNOSIBATHOI LIZINGI

(QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 7. SHakl va mazmuni shartnomai lizing

                     (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

SHartnomai lizing sarfi nazar az muhlatash dar shakli khatti basta meshavad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Baroi ijroi uhdadorihoi khud az rui shartnomai lizing subekthoi lizing shartnomahoi hatmi va ilovagi mebandand.(QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Ba shartnomahoi hatmi shartnomae mansub meboshad, ki mutobiqi on molu mulk az furushanda ba lizingdeh, doda meshavad.Ba shartnomahoi ilovagi shargnomai jalb namudani mablaghoi puli, shartnomai garav, shartnomai kafolat, shartnomai zamonat va gayraho mansub meboshand.  (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300; (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

SHartnomai lizing  boyad:  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

–          predmeti shartnoma;

–     tartibi tahvil va qabuli amvol; (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300)

–     huquq va uhdadorihoi tarafho;

–     istifodai amvol, nigohubinu tamir va tajdidi on;

–   muhlati lizing(QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

–   pardokhthoi lizing va mujozothoi jarimavi;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

–   masuliyati tarafho;

–   tartibi hallu fasli bahsho;

–   sharthoi pesh az muhlat bekor kardani shartnoma;

–   amali tarafho oid ba anjomrasonii ahdho;

–   fors – major;

–  surogahoi huquqi va rekvizithoi bonki;

–  va sharthoi digarro muayyan namoyad.

SHartnomai lizing sharthoi rasonidani khizmatrasonii ilovagi va guzaronidani korhoi ilovagiro metavonad dar bar girad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Nomgui, hajm va arzishi khizmatrasonihoi (korhoi) ilovagi bo sozishnomai tarafho muayyan karda meshavad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Bo sozishnomai tarafho dar shartnomai lizing mumkin ast sharthoi digari lizing muayyan karda shavand.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

SHartnomai lizing metavonad peshbini namoyad, ki intikhobi furushanda va molu mulki kharidorishavanda az jonibi lizingdeh anjom doda shavad. Dar in holat lizingdeh baroi intikhobi furushanda va predmeti lizing masuliyatro ba zimma megirad. (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300; QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

SHartnomai lizing metavonad huquqi lizinggirro baroi daroz namudani muhlati lizing bo nigoh doshtan yo tagyir dodani sharthoi shartnomai lizing peshbini namoyad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 8. Huquq va uhdadorihoi lizingdeh

                 (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Ijoradeh huquq, dorad:

a) pardokhthoi lizingi muhlatashon guzashtaro, ki boyad ba u pardokht karda shavand va inchunin jubroni zararro talab namoyad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

b) az boloi faoliyati lizinggir dar on qismate, ki ba predmeti lizing va ijroi uhdadorihoi lizinggir mutobiqi shartnomai lizing mansub ast, nazorat barad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

v) dar holati az tarafi lizinggir vayron gardidani uhdadoriho oidi bargarlonidani predmeti lizing, vorid namudani pardokhthoro baroi muhlati vayronkardashuda va jubroni zarar talab namoyad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

g) az lizinggir ittilooti zaruriro ba tavri khatti baroi anjom dodani nazorat az boloi vaziyati moliyavii lizinggir talab namoyad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

d) ba predmeti lizing tamgae guzorad, ki vay az molikiyati lizingdeh budani in ashyo va on mutobiqi shartnomai lizing dar sohibi va istifodabarii lizinggir qaror doppan guvohi dihad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

e) predmeti lizingro az lizinggir dar holathoi peshbininamudai Qonuni mazkur talab namoyad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Lizingdeh uhdador ast:  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

a) predmeti lizingro, ki bo lizinggir muvofiqa shudaast, az furushanda baroi molikiyati khud kharidori namoyad va onro bo sharthoi dar shartnomai lizing muayyangardida baroi sohibi va istifodabari ba lizinggir dihad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

b) badi kharidori namudani predmeti lizing furushandaro ba tavri khatti dar borai on, ki vay baroi dodan ba lizing ba shakhsi muayyan (lizinggir) tain gardidaast, ogoh  namoyad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Lizingdeh metavonad huququ uhdadorihoi digare doshta boshad, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston yo shartnomai lizing muqarrar namudaast.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 9. Huquq va uhdadorihoi lizinggir

(QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Lizinggir huquq dorad:  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

a) predmeti lizingro mutobiqi sharthoi shartnomai lizing  sohibi kunad va istifoda barad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

b) bevosita ba furushandai (tahvilgari) predmeti lizing talabotro nisbati sifat va purragi, muhlati tahvil va talaboti digarero, ki shartnomai kharidu furushi bayni furushanda (tahvilgar) va lizingdeh muqarrar namudaast, peshnihod namoyad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

v) az giriftani predmeti lizing dast kashad yo ivazi predmeti lizingro talab namoyad, shartnomai lizingro bekor kunad, agar predmeti lizing tahvil nashuda boshad, az muhlat der tahvil shuda boshad yo bo kambudihoi islohnashavandae tahvil shuda boshad, ki ba istifodabarii predmeti lizing mutobiqi tainoti dar shartnomai lizing peshbinishuda mone gardand, ba istisnoi holathoe, ki intikhobi tahvilgar az jonibi lizinggir anjom doda shuda boshad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

g) badi kat gardidani shartnomai lizing  jubroni arzishi behgardonidashudai predmeti lizingro, ki baroi predmeti lizing biduni zarar judonashavanda meboshad va lizinggir, bo rozigii lizingdeh, az hisobi mablaghoi khud anjom dodaast, talab namoyad, agar dar shartnomai lizing tartibi digare peshbini nashuda boshad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

d) kamkunii mablagi pardokhthoi lizingro talab namoyad, agar binobar holathos ki u baroi onho javobgar nest, sharoithoi istifodabari, ki dar shartnomai lizing peshbini shudaand, ba tavri nazarras bad shuda boshand;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

e) predmeti lizingro, ki tibqi shartnomai lizing giriftaast, bo rozigii khattii lizingdeh baroi sublizing ba shakhsi seyum dihad va dar nazdi u mutobiqi shartnomai lizing masul boqi monad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Lizinggir uhdador ast:  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

a) dar surati ba sharthoi shartnomai lizing javobguy budani predmeti lizing onro qabul namoyad va predmeti lizingro az rui tainotash tibqi shartnoma lizing  istifoda barad; (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

b) az hisobi khud khizmatrasonii tekhniki, tamiri asosi va jorii predmeti lizingro (az jumla pardokhthoi kommunalii zaruriro vobasta ba predmeti lizing) anjom dihad, agar dar shartnomai lizing tartibi digare peshbini nashuda boshad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

v) ba lizingdeh ittilooti baroi anjom dodani nazorati vazi moliyavii u zarurbudaro peshnihod namoyad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

g) baroi lizingdeh bemonea dastras budanro ba predmeti lizing tamin namoyad, inchunin tibqi darkhosti khattii lizingdeh ittilootro oid ba holati tekhnikii predmeti lizing ba vay peshnihod namoyad, agar shartnoma va qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tartibi digarero peshbini nakarda boshand;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

d) badi qat gardidani shartnomai lizing  ba lizingdeh predmeti lizingro  dar on holate, ki girifta bud, bo nazardoshti kuhnashavii mutadil yo dar  holate, ki dar shartnomai lizing muqarrar gardidaast, bargardonad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Lizinggir metavonad huququ uhdadorihoi digare doshta boshad, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston va shartnomai lizing muqarrar namudaand.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 10. Huquq va uhdadorihoi furushanda

Huquq va uhdadorihoi furushanda mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston va shartnomai kharidu furush yo tahvil muayyan karda meshavand.

Lizinggir hukuk dorad talabkhoero, ki az shartnomai kharidu furushi bayni furushanda va lizingdeh bastashuda, az jumla dar bobati sifat va mukammalii molu mulk, muhlathoi tahvili on va dar digar holathoi ba tavri lozima ijro nagardidani shartnoma barmeoyand, bevosita ba furushandai predmeti shartnomai lizing peshnihod namoyad. Dar in holat lizinggir huquq va uhdadorihoi baroi kharidor peshbinigardidaro be rozigii lizingdeh, ba gayr az uhdadorihoi pardokhti molu mulki  kharidashuda va bekor kardani shartnomai kharidu furushro bo furushanda, dorad. (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300; QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Furushanda oidi yak zarari rasonidashuda naboyad hamzamon ham dar nazdi lizingdeh va ham  darnazdi lizinggir masuliyat doshta boshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Dar holate, ki shartnomai lizing bo ishtiroki lizingdeh, lizinggir va furushandabasta shuda boshad, on goh huquq va vazifahoi furushanda mutobiqi shartnomai lizing  muqarrar karda meshavand. (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Moddai 11. Tagyirdihi va bekor kardani shartnomai lizing

                      (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Bo talabi yake az tarafho shartnomai lizing dar holathoi peshbininamudai shartnoma yo sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston mumkin ast tagyir doda shavad yo bo tartibi sudi pesh az muhlat bekor karda shavad. (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Dar holathoi zerin az rui talabi ijoradeh shartnomai ijorai moliyavi mumkin ast bo sozishnomai tarafho yo az jonibi sud pesh az muhlat bekor karda shavad, predmeti ijorai moliyavi boshad, ba ijoradeh az hisobi lizinggir bargardonida shavad:  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

a) agar lizinggir  holati predmeti lizingro ba tavri nazarras bad gardonad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

b) agar lizinggir predmeti lizingro bo vayron kardani sharthoi shartnom lizing yo sharthoi tainotii predmeti lizing, sarfi nazar az ogohii khattii lizingdeh dar borai khotima dodani hamin guna amalho, istifoda barad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

v) agar lizinggir badi ba okhir rasidani muhlati pardokhte, ki shartnomai lizing muqarrar namudaast, du marotiba va yo beshtar az on pasi  ham  pardokhti nomburdaro, vorid nakunad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

g) agar lizinggir tamiri asosii predmeti lizingro dar muhlathoi dar shartnomai lizing muqarrargardida va dar surati dar shartnoma nabudani onho boshad, dar muhlati muqarrari anjom nadihad, dar hamon holathoe, ki mutobiqi qonun yo shartnomai ijorai mol uhdadorii guzaronidani tamiri asosi ba zimmai lizinggir guzoshta shuda boshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Dar holathoi zerin bo talabi lizinggir shartnomai ijorai moliyavi mumkin ast bo sozishnomai tarafkho yo az jonibi sud pesh az muhlat bekor karda shavad, predmeti ijorai mol boshad, ba ijoradeh az hisobi u bargardonida shavad:  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

a) agar lizingdeh predmeti lizingro nadihad yo baroi istifodai predmeti lizing mutobiqi sharthoi shartnoma moneaho ba vujud orad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

b) agar predmeti lizingi dodashuda kambudihoe doshta boshad, ki baroi istifodai on mone shavand va onho dar shartnomai lizing zikr nashuda boshand;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

v) agar lizingdeh muhlati tahvili predmeti lizingro vayron karda boshad, ba istisnoi on holathoe, ki tahvilgarro lizinggir intikhob namuda boshad;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

g) agar lizingdeh tamiri asosii predmeti lizingro dar muhlathoi dar shartnomai lizing muqarrargardida va dar surati dar shartnoma nabudani onho boshad dar muhlathoi muqarrari anjom nadihad, dar hamon holathoe, ki mutobiqi qonun yo shartnomai lizing uhdadorii guzaronidani tamiri asosi ba zimmai lizingdeh guzoshta shuda boshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 12. Javobgarii subekthoi lizing

                    (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Javobgarii lizingdeh, lizinggir  va furushanda mutobiqi shartnomai lizing, shartnomai kharidu furush va sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar karda meshavad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Sohibi nomii (titulii) predmeti lizing dar nazdi shakhsoni seyum baroi zarare, ki predmeti lizing ba onho rasonidaast yo zarari ba on vobasta javobgar ast.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Lizinggir va lizingdeh dar munosibat bo furushanda hamchun kreditoroni mushtarak baromad mekunand.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 13. Ba sohibi va istifodai muvaqqati dodani predmeti shartnomai lizing, khizmatrasoni

                 va bargardonidani on

(QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Lizingdeh vazifador ast molu mulkero, ki predmeti lizing meboshad dar holati mutobiqbuda ba sharthoi shartnomai lizing va tainotii hamin molu mulk  ba lizinggir peshnihod namoyad.  (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Predmeti lizing  dar yakjoyagi bo hamai asbobu anjom va khujjatho (shinosnomai tekhniki va gayra) ba lizing doda meshavad, agar dar shartnomai lizing tartibi digare peshbini nagardida boshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Lizinggir az hisobi khud khizmatrasonii tekhnikii predmeti lizingro ba jo meorad, nigohdorii onro tamin mekunad, inchunin tamiri asosi va jorii predmeti lizingro anjom medihad, agar dar shartnomai lizing tartibi digare peshbini nagardida boshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Hizmatrasonii kafolatnoki predmeti lizing mumkin ast az jonibi furushanda anjom doda shavad, agar in dar shartnomai kharidu furush bayni lizingdeh va furushandai predmeti lizing peshbini gardida boshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Hangomi qat gardidani shartnomai lizing lizinggir vazifador ast predmeti lizingro dar holate, ki vay girifta bud, bo nazardoshti farsudagii miyona yo farsudagii dar shartnomai lizing muqarrargardida, ba lizingdeh bargardonad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Agar lizinggir predmeti lizingro barnagardonad yo sari vaqt barnagardonad, lizingdeh huquq dorad baroi muhlati guzaronidashuda vorid namudani pardokhthoro talab namoyad. Dar holate, ki agar pardokhti nomburda zarari ba lizingdeh rasonidashudaro napushonad, u metavonad pushonidani onhoro ba vositai sud talab namoyad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Dar holate, ki agar lizingdeh baroi sari vaqt barnagardonidani predmeti lizing noustuvorona peshbini namuda boshad, mumkin ast zarar az lizinggir dar hajmi purra ilova ba noustuvorona sitonida shavad, agar dar shartnomai lizing tartibi digare peshbini nagardida boshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 14. Huquqi molikiyat ba predmeti lizing

(QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Predmeti lizing, ki baroi sohibi va istifodabarii muvaqqati ba lizinggir doda shudaast, molikiyati lizingdeh meboshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Dar shartnomai lizing mumkin ast peshbini gardad, ki predmeti lizing badi ba okhir rasidani muhlati shartnomai lizing yo to anjom yoftani on ba molikiyati lizinggir  guzarad, ba sharte, ki az jonibi lizinggir arzishi purrai kharidorii dar shartnomai muqarrargardida vorid karda shavad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Agar sharti kharid namudani predmeti lizing dar shartnomai lizing peshbini nashuda boshad, onro metavonand bo sozishnomai ilovagii tarafho, ki zimnan huquq dorand dar bobati ba hisobi arzishi kharidori pardokht namudani mablaghoi istifodabarii predmeti lizing ba muvofiqa omada, muqarrar kunand. Bo Qonun mumkin ast holathoi man namudani kharidorii predmeti lizing peshbini karda shavand.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Huquqi sohibi va istifodabarii muvaqqatii predmeti lizing dar hajmi purra ba lizinggir meguzarad, agar dar shartnomai lizing tartibi digare muqarrar nashuda boshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Huquqi ikhtiyordorii lizingdeh ba predmeti lizing az huquqi giriftani predmeti lizing az sohibi va istifodabarii lizinggir dar holatho va bo tartibe, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston va shartnomai lizing muqarrar namudaast, iborat meboshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Hangomi muflisshavii lizinggir, inchunin habs va musodira namudan yo ba kor burdani ruyonidani zarar ba amvoli u, predmeti lizing az molu mulki lizinggir  judo karda meshavad va boyad ba lizingdeh, ki metavonad onro tibqi salohdidi khud ikhtiyordori namoyad, bargardonida shavad. (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300; QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Behsozihoi judoshavandae, ki lizinggir dar predmeti lizing anjom dodaast, molikiyati u meboshand, agar shartnomai lizing tartibi digare peshbini nakarda boshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Dar holate, ki lizinggir bo rozigii khattii lizingdeh az hisobi mablaghoi khud behsozihoi az predmeti lizing judonashavandaro biduni zarar ba predmeti lizing anjom doda boshad, lizinggir badi qat gardidani shartnomai lizing huquqi bargardonidani arzishi in behsozihoro dorad, agar shartnomai lizing tartibi digare peshbini nakarda boshad. Dar digar holatho lizinggir baroi talab namudani bargardonii arzishi in behsozikho huquq nadorad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 15. Guzasht  namudani huquq tibqi shartnomai lizing ba shakhsi seyum va garavmonii

                 predmeti lizing

                (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Lizingdeh metavonad purra yo qisman huquqhoi khudro oidi predmeti lizing ba shakhsi seyum guzasht namoyad yo ba garav monad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Lizingdeh huquq dorad bo maqsadi jalb namudani mablaghoi puli predmeti lizingro ba sifati garav istifoda barad. Lizingdeh huquq nadorad predmeti lizingro ba sifati garav be rozigii lizinggir istifoda namoyad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Lizingdeh vazifador ast lizinggirro dar borai hamai huquqhoi shakhsoni seyum ba predmeti lizing ogoh namoyad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 16. Tartibi baqaydgirii molu mulk (predmeti shartnomai lizing) va huquq ba on

                       (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300; QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Baqaydgirii huquq ba molu mulk  (predmeti shartnomai lizing) az rui shartnomai lizing dar holatho va bo tartibe, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini namudaast, anjom doda meshavad. (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300; QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Predmeti shartnomai lizing az rui sozishi tarafho ba nomi lizingdeh yo lizinggir ba qayd girifta meshavand. Zimnan dar khujjathoi baqaydgiri malumot dar borai molik va sohibi (istifodabarandai) molu mulk hatman zikr karda meshavad. Dar holati bekor karda shudani shartnomai lizing va az tarafi lizingdeh bargardonida giriftani predmeti lizing, bo arizai u maqomoti davlatie, ki baroi baqaydgiri vakolatdor meboshad, vazifador ast sabti nomi sohibi (istifodabarandai) molu mulkro  beetibor gardonad.  (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300; (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 17. Sugurtai predmeti lizing va tavakkalho

                    (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Predmeti lizing az tavakkali gum shudan (nobud shudan), kamomad yo zarar didan az lahzai tahvili molu mulk ba furushanda to lahzai anjom yoftani muhlati amali shartnomai lizing mumkin ast sugurta karda shavad, agar dar shartnoma tartibi digare peshbini nagardida boshad. (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300; (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Sugurta namudani tavakkalhoi sohibkori (moliyavi) bo rozigii tarafhoi shartnomai lizing anjom doda meshavad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Lizinggir dar holathoi muayyannamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston boyad javobgarii khudro baroi ijroi uhdadorihoe, ki dar natijai rasonidani zarar ba haet, salomati yo molu mulki shakhsoni digar dar jarayoni istifodabarii molu mulki lizing ba vujud meoyand, sugurta namoyad. (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300; (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Lizinggir huquq dorad tavakkali javobgarii khudro baroi vayron kardani  shartnomai lizing ba foidai lizingdeh sugurta namoyad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 18. Taqsimoti tavakkal bayni tarafhoi shartnomai lizing

                     (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Javobgari baroi hifzi predmeti lizing az hama guna zarari moliyavi va hamchunin baroi tavakkali vobasta ba nobudshavi, gumshavi, kornoshoyamshavi, duzdidan, pesh muhlat vayron shudan, khatogihoi hangomi vaslkuni yo istifodabari rohdodashuda va digar khavfhoi molu mulki  az lahzai qabuli aslii predmeti lizing ba dushi lizinggir meboshad, agarshartnomai lizing tartibi digare peshbini nakarda boshad.  (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300; (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Tavakkaliaz jonibi furushanda ijro nagardidani uhdadorihoi shartnomai kharidu furushi predmeti lizing va zararhoi vobasta ba on ba dushi hamon tarafi shartnomai lizing meboshad, ki furushandaro intikhob namudaast. agar shartnomai lizing tartibi digare peshbini nakarda boshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Tavakkali mutobiqat nakardani predmeti lizing ba hadafhoi istifodabarii hamin predmet tibqi shartnomai lizing va zararhoi vobasta ba on ba dushi tarafe meboshad, ki predmeti lizingro intikhob namudaast, agar shartnomai lizing tartibi digare peshbini nakarda boshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 19. Ba kor burdani ruyonidani zarar ba foidai shakhsoni seyum ba predmeti lizing

                  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Ba predmeti lizing ba foidai shakhsi seyum az rui uhdadorihoi lizinggir ruyonidani zarar ba kor burda nameshavad, az jumla dar holathoe, ki agar predmeti lizing  ba nomi lizinggir  ba qayd girifta shuda boshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Ruyonishi shakhsoni seyum, ki ba molu mulki lizingdeh nigaronida shudaast, mumkin ast tanho ba hamin obekti huquqi molikiyati lizing­deh nisbati predmeti lizing ba kor burda shavad. Dar natijai qone gardonidani ruyonish ba badastovarandai huquqhoi lizingdeh doir ba predmeti lizing ba tavri hatmi na tanho huquq, balki uhdadorihoi lizingdeh, ki dar shartnomai lizing muayyan shudaand, meguzarand. (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 20. Bahisobgirii predmeti lizing va tatbiqi mekhanizmi istehloki (amortizatsiyai) bosurati

predmeti lizing

(QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Predmeti lizing, ki mutobiqi shartnomai lizing ba lizinggir doda shudaast, bo sozishnomai tarafho dar balansi lizingdeh yo lizinggir ba hisob girifta meshavad. (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Tarafhoi shartnomai lizing huquq dorand az rui muvofiqai mutaqobila istehloki (amortizatsiyai) bosurati predmeti lizingro istifoda namoyand.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Hisob karda barovardani istehlokro (amortizatsiyaro) hamon tarafi shartnomai lizing anjom medihad, ki predmeti lizing dar balansash meboshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 21. Kashida giriftan va bargardonida giriftani predmeti lizing az lizinggir

                     (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Tartibi kashida giriftan va bargardonida giriftani predmeti lizing az jonibi lizingdeh mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston va shartnomai lizing muayyan karda meshavad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 22. Pardokhthoi lizing

(QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Pardokht baroi sohibi va istifodabarii molu mulke, ki mutobiqi shartnomai lizing doda shudaast, az jonibi lizinggir dar shakli pardokhthoi lizing ba lizingdeh pardokhta meshavand. Pardokhtho metavonand chi dar shakli puli va chi dar shakli asli, az jumla kor va khizmatrasoni anjom doda shavand.  (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300; (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Tahti pardokhthoi lizing  mablagi umumii pardokhthoi shartnomai lizing dar tamomi muhlati amal namudani shartnomai lizing fahmida meshavad, ki ba onho bargardonidani kharojothoi lizingdeh vobasta ba kharidori va tahvili predmeti lizing ba lizinggir, jubroni kharojoti vobasta ba rasonidani khizmatrasonihoi digari dar shartnomai lizing peshbinigardida, inchunin daromadi lizingdeh dokhil meshavand.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Ba mablagi umumii shartnomai lizing mumkin ast narkhi kharidi predmeti lizing dokhil karda shavad, agar shartnomai lizing ba lizinggir guzashtani huquqi molikiyatro ba predmeti lizing peshbini karda boshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Hajm, tarz, shakl va davra ba davra vorid namudani pardokhtho dar shartnoma bo muvofiqai tarafayn muqkarrar karda meshavand. Agar lizinggir va ijoradeh hisobbarobarkunii pardokhthoi ijorai moliyaviro bo mahsulote (dar shakli molie), ki bo vositai predmeti ijorai moliyavi istehsol meshavad, anjom dihand, narkhi in mahsulot bo muvofiqai tarafhoi shartnomai ijorai moliyavi muayyan karda  meshavad. (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Agar lizinggir va lizingdeі іisobbarobarkunii pardokhtіoi lizingro bo maіsulote (dar shakli aslie, az iumla iiroi kor yo khizmatrasonh), ki bo vositai predmeti lizing isteіsol meshavad, aniom diіand, narkhi in maіsulot bo muvofiѕai tarafіoi shartnomai lizing muayyan karda meshavad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Agar dar shartnomai lizing tartibi digare peshbini nagardida boshad, andozai pardokhthoi lizing metavonad bo sozishnomai tarafho ba muhlathoi peshbininamudai shartnoma, vale na beshtar az yak marotiba dar se moh, tagyir doda shavad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Uhdadorihoi lizinggir oid ba vorid namudani pardokhthoi lizing az lahzai az jonibi lizinggir istifoda gardidani predmeti lizing faro merasand, agar shartnomai lizing tartibi digare peshbini nakarda boshad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 23. Huquq ba nazorat namudani sharthoi shartnoma az rui ahdhoi lizing

                     (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Lizingdeh huquq dorad rioya gardidani sharthoi shartnomai lizing va digar shartnomahoi ba on marbutro, dar qismate, ki ba ijro gardidani uhdadorihoi shartnomai lizing az tarafi lizinggir tasir merasonand, nazorat namoyad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Tartibi nazorati sharthoi shartnoma dar shartnomai lizing va digar shartnomahoi ba on marbut, bayni ishtirokkunandagoni on peshaki qayd karda meshavad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Lizingdeh huquq dorad ba lizinggir dar shakli khatti oid ba peshnihodi ittiloote, ki baroi anjom dodani chunin nazorat zarur meboshad, darkhost firistonad, lizinggir vazifador ast hamin guna darkhosthoro qone gardonad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

 

Moddai 24. Hususiyathoi amaliyothoi baynalmilalie, ki subekthoi lizing anjom medihand

(QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Lizingdeh huquq, dorad be ijozatnomai (litsenziyai) Bonki millii Tojikiston amaliyoti baynalmilaliro vobasta ba gardishi sarmoya anjom dihad, vositahoi puliro az gayrirezidenthoi Jumhurii Tojikiston bo maqsadi kharidani predmeti lizing ba muhlati beshtar az shash moh, (180 ruz), vale na beshtar az muhlati amali shartnomai lizing jalb namoyad.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Lizingdeh huquq, dorad be ijozatnomai (litsenziyai) Bonki millii Tochikiston amaliyoti vobastaro ba gardishi sarmoya, pardokhtani foizho baroi istifodai mablaghoi pardokhtashon guzashtaro, ki furushandai predmeti lizing  peshnihod namudaast, sarfi nazar az muhlati haqiqii giriftani predmeti lizing (amaliyoti asorii jori va amaliyoti vobasta ba gardishi sarmoyaro) amali namoyad(QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Baroi anjom dodani lizingi baynalmilali:  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

– ba hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston vorid va az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston sodir namudani (az tariqi sarhadi gumrukii Jumhurii Tojikiston intiqol dodani) predmeti lizing bo maqsadi istifodai on tibqi shartnomai lizing ba muhlati beshtar az shash moh, inchunin pardokhtani mablagi purrai shartnomai lizing dar davrai ziyoda az shash moh, mutobiqi  qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai nazorati asor va tanzimi asor amaliyoti vobasta ba gardishi sarmoya  hisobida  nameshavand;  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

– hangomi ba hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston vorid namudan yo az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston sodir namudani (az tariqi sarhadi gumrukii Jumhurii Tojikiston intiqol dodani) predmeti lizing hamai namudhoi pardokhthoi gumruki ba arzishi umumii gumrukii molu mulk hisob karda meshavand. (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300; (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Pardokhtkhoi gumruki ba tariki zayl vorid karda meshavand:

– dar lahzai vorid (sodir) namudani predmeti lizing ba mablagi hamon qism arzishi gumrukii molu mulk, ki pardokht karda shudaast va bo hujjathoi bonki tasdiq karda shudaast. (QJT az 15.03.2016 s., №1300; (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

– minbad pardokhtkhoi gumruky barobari pardokhtkhoi lizing yo dar davomi 20 ruz a lakhzai anchom yoftani pardokhtkhoi lizing vorid karda meshavand.  (QJT az 14.11.16 s., №1375)

Tartibi (nizomi) vorid namudani pardokhthoi gumruki, ki hamin modda muqarrar namudaast, batakhirandozii muhlati pardokhthoi gumruki yo krediti investitsionii  andozi  hisobida nameshavad.

 

BOBI SH. MUQARRAROTI HOTIMAVI

 

Moddai 25. Javobgari  baroi  vayron  kardani  Qonuni  mazkur

SHakhsoni vokei va huquqie, ki muqarraroti Qonuni mazkurro vayron mekunand, mutobiqi konunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

 

Moddai 26. Mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori  rasmi  mavridi amal  qaror doda shavad.

 

 

 

        Prezidenti

Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                                                                            E. RAHMONOV

sh. Dushanbe  22 apreli soli 2003

№ 9

 

 

 

 

QARORI

MAJLISI NAMOYANDAGONI

MAJLISI  OLII JUMHURII  TOJIKISTON

Oidi qabul namudani Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston

«Dar borai ijorai moliyavi (lizing)»

 

Majlisi namoyandagoni Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror mekunad:

  1. Qonunn Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ijorai moliyavi (lizing)» qabul karda shavad.
  2. Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston:

– ba Majlisi namoyandagoni Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai ba Qonuni mazkur mutobik gardonidani qonunguzorii jori taklif peshnikhod namoyad;

– qarorhoi khudro bo Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ijorai moliyavi (lizing)» mutobiq gardonad.

Raisi Majlisi namoyandagoni

Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston

sh. Dushanbe  29 yanvari soli 2003                                                                          S.  HAYRULLOEV

№ 766

 

 

QARORI

MAJLISI MILLI

MAJLISI OLII JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

 

Oid ba Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ijorai moliyavi (lizing)»

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston  soli  2003, №4, mod.181)

 

Majlisi millii Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikistonro dar borai ijorai moliyavi (lizing)» barrasi namuda, qaror mekunad:

Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai ijorai moliyavi (lizing)» jonibdori karda shavad.

 

 

Raisi Majlisi millii

Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                     M.   UBAYDULLOEV

sh. Dushanbe  7 apreli soli 2003

№366

 

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