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LIPIDHO

lipidhoLIPIDHO (az yun. lipis – charbu), yak guruhi payvasthoi organiki (moddahoi ravganmonand), ki sokht va khosiyathoi gunogun dorand. L. dar efir, khloroform, atseton, benzin va dig. halkunandahoi organiki hal meshavand. L. dar boftaho vujud doshta, dar ravandi oksidu barqarorshavi organizm ishtirok mekunand, sarchashmai nerui jism meboshand. Fosfolipidho, kholesterin va efirhoi on unsurhoi muhimmi membranahoi biologi mahsub meshavand.
Ba L. triglitseridho, terpenho (monoterpenho, diterpenho, karotinoidho, steroidho va g.) mansuband. Miqdori L. dar plazmai khun 500 – 700 mg/100 ml (az rui usuli Uergi) ast. Dar tarkibi plazmai khun afzudani miqdori triglitseridho (giperlipemiya) daleli khalal yoftani mekhanizmhoi ikhroj namudani charbu az khun meboshad. Giperlipemiya (yo lipemiya) dar mavridi farbehi, gipatiti shadid, ateroskleroz, nefrozi lipoidi, diabeti qandi ba mushohida merasad.
Ikhtiloli genetikii mubodilai L. dar organizm sababi sar zadani bemorihoi irsi (lipidozho) meshavad, mas., bemorii Teya-Saks, bemorii Norman – Landing, bemorii Farber, bemorii Nimann – Pik, bemorii Goshe va g.

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