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LEVOMITSETIN

levomitcetinLEVOMITSETIN (Laevomycetinum), yak nav doru. Hokai safed yo safedi zardcha buda, tami talkh dorad. Dar ob bad, dar spirt khub hal meshavad. L. antibiotiki doirai tasirash vase buda, bisyor bakteriyahoi grammusbat va grammanfi, rikketsiyaho, spirokhetho, virusho (angezandahoi trakhoma, psitakkoz, limfogranulematozi qadkashak) va g.-ro mahv mesozad. On hamchunin ba shtammi bakteriyahoe, ki nisbati penitsillin, streptomitsetin va sulfanilamidho ustuvorand, tasir merasonad. L. sintezi safedahoi mikroorganizmhoro khalaldor mekunad (tarzi tasiri L. ba hamin khususiyati on vobasta ast).
L. az rohi medayu ruda khub jabbida meshavad. Badi 2 – 3 soati istemoli L. miqdori on dar khun afzuda, voyai muolijaviash 4 – 5 soat mahfuz memonad. L. ba uzvu moei organizm zud meguzarad. Bo peshob, bazan bo talkha va najosat ikhroj megardad.
L.-ro baroi tabobati domana, paratifho, solmonellyoz, brutsellyoz, tulyaremiya, sarsom, rikketsiozho, khlamidiaz va dig. bemoriho kor mefarmoyand. Dar mavridi peshgiri va tabobati bemorihoi siroyatii chashm (konyunktivit, blefarit va g.) niz mufid ast. Dar shakli qurs, gilofak va mahlul istehsol meshavad. Baroi kudakon qurs va gilofaki onro tain mekunand. Voyai yakborai on baroi kalonsolon 0,25 – 0,5 g, voyai shaboruzi – 2 g ast. Dar holathoi vaznin (mas., bemorii domana, peritonit va g.) voyai L.-ro metavon dar yak shaboruz ba 4 g rasond (zeri nazorati qatii dukhtur). YAk davri muolija bo L. 7 – 10 ruz ast. L.-ro dar shakli liniment (1 – 10%) baroi tabobati trakhoma, bemorihoi rimnoki pust, furunkulyoz, sukhtagi, kafidagi kor mefarmoyand.
Boyad dar khotir dosht, ki L. metavonad silsilai khunofarro zahrolud kunad. Az in ru, onro ehtiyotkorona (khosa ba kudakon) tain kardan lozim ast. Dar mavridi bemorihoi siroyatii sabuk istifoda burdani L. joiz nest. Dar asnoi ba chashm chakondan yo molidani marhami on mumkin ast allergiya rukh namoyad. L. mansubi doruhoi ruikhati B ast. Onro dar joi torik nigoh medorand.

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