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LEYKOZ

leykozLEYKOZ (Lucosis; az yun. leukos – safed), leykemiya, safedkhuni, omosi uzvhoi khunofar. Oid ba L. avvalin marotiba olimi nemis R. Virkhov (1845) malumot dodaast. L. shadid va muzmin meshavad. L-hoi shadid va muzmin vobasta ba on ki omos az kadom hujayraho iborat ast, namudhoi gunogun dorand. Dar mavridi L.-i shadid dar magzi ustukhon, sipurz, guddahoi limfavi, jigar va dig. uzvu boftaho hujayrahoi «javon» (leykozi) meafzoyand. Bemori bisyor vaqt bo sustiyu beholati va dardi sabuki ustukhonho ogoz meyobad. Badtar biduni yagon sabab dar pust va luobpardaho khunshorihoi gunogun ba amal meoyand, az milki dandon, bini, bachadon, ruda va dig. uzvho khun meravad. Dar pusti ruy va qismi muydori sar mumkin ast uqdahoi kalon paydo shavand («sherrui»). Dar pusti badan donachahoi makhsus damida, onho ba hamdigar omekhta megardand va ba paysa tabdil meyoband. Bazan dar sathi pust yaraho niz ba nazar merasand.
Limfoleykozi muzmin, mieloleykozi muzmin, eritremiya, inchunin bemorii mielomi namudhoi beshtar pahnshudai L.-i muzmin meboshand. Nishonai hameshagii limfoleykozi muzmin kalon shudani guddahoi limfavii kanori va ispurch ast. Hangomi mieloleykozi muzmin ispurch kalon meshavad. Baroi har du namudi L.-i muzmin afzudani tedodi leykosithoi khun, tagyir yoftani tanosubi leykositho va kamkhunie, ki batadrij rushd meyobad, khos ast. Reaksiyai tahnishini eritrositho (SOE) betagyir ast. Dar asnoi eritremiya rangi ruy va kafi dast surkhi kabudtob gashta, miqdori gemoglobin va eritrosithoi khun meafzoyad. Dardi ustukhonho, khususan ustukhonhoi qafasi sina va sutunmuhra, khosi bemorii mazkur meboshad.
L.-ro faqat dar natijai muoinai klinikiyu laboratori metavon muayyan kard. Tashkhisi L.-i muzmin asosan ba tadqiqi khun vobasta ast. Baroi tashkhisi bemorii mielomi tadqiqi makhsusi safedahoi zardobi khun, punksiyai magzi ustukhon, aksi rentgenii ustukhon zarurand. Baroi tashkhisi L.-i shadid niz tadqiqi khun lozim ast, vale illatro faqat az rui tadqiqi tarkibi magzi ustukhon metavon muayyan namud.
Solhoi okhir dukhturon dar tabobati hamai namudhoi L., az jumla L.-i shadidi kudakon, ki peshtar ilojnopazir bud, ba dastovardhoi nazarras noil gashtaand. Badi tashkhis va rafi zuhuroti shadidi bemori L.-ro dar poliklinikayu ambulatoriyaho muolija mekunand. Bemoron dar in surat mohho (solho)-i ziyod qobiliyati mehnatiashonro nigoh doshta, kor yo tahsil karda metavonand. Onho dar davrai tabobat bo doruhoi zaruri tamin karda meshavand. Faqat dar surati ijro kardani hamai tainoti dukhtur tabobati L. natijai khub medihad. Bemoroni giriftori L. boyad zeri nazorati doimii dukhtur boshand, khudro az khunuk khurdan, siroyat va shuoi oftob ehtiyot kunand.
Nig. niz Limfoleykoz, Mieloleykoz.

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