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LEGIONELLYOZ

legionelyozLEGIONELLYOZ, bemorii legionerho, bemorii shadidi siroyati, ki mikroorganizmhoi gunogun az jinsi Legionella ba vujud meorand. Namoyandai mamuli on L. pneumophila meboshad. Namudhoi digari legionellaho, ki bemorihoi gunoguni azoi nafaskashiro paydo mekunand, zeri nomi umumii «legionellyozho» muttahid gashtaand.
Angezandai L. s-hoi 70-umi a. 20 oshkor shudaast. S. 1976 L. dar Filadelfiya khuruj karda, boisi favti 34 naf. vakiloni Sezdi legioneron (az 220 naf. bemor) gasht. Bemori misli pnevmoniya khuruj yofta bud. Angezandai L. bakteriyai kalamchashakli aerobi meboshad. Felan 22 namudi on vujud dorad, ki 35 serotipro darbar megirad. Legionellaho nisbati eritromitsin, rifampisin va tetrasiklin hassos meboshand.
Angezandai L. ba organizm az luobpardai rohi nafas vorid meshavad (hangomi nafas giriftani aerozolhoi obi – zarrahoi dush, havoi konditsioner, obzan, changi ob, favvoraho va g.). Holathoi az odam ba odam intiqol yoftani angezandahoi L. oshkor nashudaand. Davrai nihonii bemori 2 – 10 shaboruz ast. YAke az padidahoi khosi L. pnevmoniya meboshad. Dar mavridi on sar dard karda, haror. baland (to 40°S) meshavad, bemor tablarza menamoyad. Surfa dar avval khushk buda, minbad yakjoya bo balgam meoyad. Taqr. 20%-i bemoron khun mepartoyand. Orizai vaznini L. nuqsi nafaskashi ast, ki yorii tibbii ojilro talab menamoyad.

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