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LARINGIT

laringitLARINGIT (Laryngitis; az yun. larynx – halq), gazaki hanjara, iltihobi luobpardai halq. L. shadid va muzmin meshavad. L.-i shadid beshtar hangomi iltihobi rohhoi boloii nafas, gripp, surkhcha, makhmalak, surfakabutak va g. ba vujud meoyad. Hunuk khurdani badan, khususan tavassuti dahon nafas kashidani havoi sard, hangomi sarmo muddati daroz va bo ovozi baland gap zadan, sakht faryod kardan, nafas kashidani havoi changolud va gazhoi angezishovar, istemoli nushokii az had ziyod garm yo behad khunuk, tamokukashi, suyiistemoli mashruboti spirtdor va g. ba inkishofi L.- i shadid musoidat menamoyand.
Hangomi L. – i shadid bemoron az khushkidan va khorishi gulu shikoyat mekunand. Surfa dar avval khushk buda, minbad yakjoya bo balgam meoyad; ovoz khira, dagal yo tamoman besado megardad. Bazan mavridi furu burdani luqma gulu va sar dar karda, bemor qadre tab mekunad. Dar surati rioya namudani farmudahoi dukhtur mariz badi 7 – 10 ruz shifo meyobad.
Tabobati L.-i shadid az bartaraf namudani sababhoe iborat ast, ki boisi paydoishi bemori gardidaand. Baroi ehtiyoti halq dar muddati 5 – 7 ruz bemor boyad gap nazanad. Istemoli khurishhoi tundu tez, tamokukashi, nushokihoi spirtdor man ast. Oshomidani shiri garm, gargara kardan gulu, ingalyatsiya tavsiya meshavad; garm nigoh doshtani gulu (kompressi garmkunanda) mufid ast. Dukhtur baroi tabobat goho doru ham tain mekunad.
Dar kudakoni to 6 – 8 sola metavonad shakli makhsusi L.-i shadid, yane khurusaki durugin inkishof yobad. Zuhuroti on ba khurusaki haqiqi monand meboshad. Hatari in bemori dar on ast, ki tang shudani ravzani hanjara (az sababi obvarami on, ki aksar bo tashannuji rohi ovoz meguzarad) boisi yakbora vaznin shudani nafaskashi megardad. Asosan dar kudakoni giriftori shirincha va dig. bemorihoi allergi mushohida meshavad. Beshtar hangomi gripp, nazla, surkhcha, makhmalak inkishof meyobad. Huruji bemori, odatan, shabona dar vaqti khob va nogahon ba amal meoyad: kudak garqi obu araq az khob bedor meshavad, betoqati mekunad, nafaskashi dushvor va labho kabud meshavand, mesurfad. Badi 20 – 30 daq. u orom shuda khobash mebarad. Hangomi khuruj harorati badan mutadil ast yo kame baland meshavad. Huruji bemori dar khudi hamon shab yo shabi digar niz metavonad takror yobad. Bazan ba khurusaki durugin tashannuji rohi ovoz ilova meshavad, ki baroi hayoti kudak khatarnok ast.
Dar surati paydo shudani alomathoi khurusaki durugin favran yorii tibbii tajiliro davat namudan yo kudakro ba bemorkhonai nazdik burdan zarur ast. To omadani dukhtur ba gardan va qafasi sina khardalkogaz monda yo poyhoi kudakro ba muddati 5 – 7 daq. ba obzani garm (390) guzoshtai lozim (in khuruji bemoriro sust mekunad). Havoi toza va nushokii garm (obi minerali, shir) niz mufid ast.
L.-i muzmin chun oqibati L.-i shadid yo gazaki bardavomi bini va uzvhoi nafas, az jumla halq ba vujud meoyad. Sababi on tamokukashi, suiistemoli nushokihoi spirtdor, zur ovardan ba ovoz ast. Hangomi L.-i muzmin bemoron az khirri shudani ovoz va khorishi gulu, ki boisi surfa megardad, aziyat mekashand. Dar surati avj giriftani gazak alomathoi bemori vozeh megardand. L.-i muzmin beshtar dar omuzgoron chun bemorii kasbi ba mushohida merasad.
Ashkhosi giriftori L.-i muzmin boyad hatman az muoinai dukhtur guzarand. Dukhtur vobasta ba khususiyati gazak tabobati muvofiqro tain mekunad. Ingalyatsiya, istifodai marham, andeshidani tadbirhoi gunoguni fizioterapevti, tabobati sarivaqtii L.-i shadid, amrozi bini va uzvhoi nafas, halq, dast kashidan az tamoku va istemoli nushokihoi spirtdor, parhez va khasta nasokhtani ovoz baroi peshgiri va tabobati L.-i muzmin baso muhimand.
Mashgul shudan bo varzish va sport, muntazam obutob dodani organizm baroi peshgirii L. ahamiyati kalon dorad.

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