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LAPAROSKOPIYA

laparoskapiyaLAPAROSKOPIYA, yake az usulhoi tabobat, ki dar mavridi on uzvhoi darun az surokhii khurd (odatan 0,5 – 1,5 sm) jarrohi karda meshavad. L.-ro odatan hangomi bemorihoi uzvhoi javfi shikam va kos kor mefarmoyand.
L. ba tavassuti laparoskop amali megardad. On gulbai teleskopi buda, az sistemai linzaho iborat ast va ba videokamera payvast meboshad. Laparoskophoi hozira bo matritsahoi raqami mujahhaz buda, tasviri khele aniqu vozehro tamin mesozand. Ba gulba hamchunin noqili optiki nasb karda shudaast, ki manbai nuri «sard» dorad (lampai galogeni yo ksenoni). Bo maqsadi ba vujud ovardani fazoi «kori» javfi shikamro odatan bo gazi karbonat pur mekunand. Dar natija shikam misli puffak purbod va devorai on az uzvho dur meshavad. Doirai amaliyoti jarrohi, ki tavassuti laparoskop ijro kardan mumkin ast, khele farrokh meboshad: az kholesistektomiya va gernioplastika to gastrektomiya, jarrohii gadudi zeri meda, rudai duvozdahangushta, rudai gafs, rudai rost.
L. usuli jarrohii zamonavi ast. Badi on bemor az bemorkhona zud javob doda meshavad (dar 2 – 3 ruz), ehsosi dard ba vujud nameoyad, dar joi jarrohi khadsha (izi teg) boqi namemonad. Jarrohii laparoskopi tadrijan shuhrat yofta istodaast, zero dar mavridi on doirai binish khele kalon buda, amaliyot guyo dar zeri mikroskop (40 marotiba kalon) guzaronda meshavad, tajhizoti optiki imkon medihad, ki jarroh ba obekti jarrohi az kunjhoi gunogun (az har taraf) nazar afkanad. Az L. dar mavridi jarrohii ojil niz metavon istifoda burd.

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