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Kuknor

kuknor-660x330Kuknor (Kuknor) — in rastani ba hama malum ast, ki navhoi bustoni va sahroi dorad va ba zaboni russi onro «Opiyniy mak» menomand. Mizoji pusti kuzai on dar darajai duvum sard va dar yakum khushk ast va afyunash nagiriftai on qavitar az afyunash giriftashudai on meboshad.

Hislathoi shifobakhshi on: pusti kuzaashro bikhurand, karakht mekunad; majrohoero, ki moddahoi darkorii badan ba vositai onho harakat mekunand, talkh gardonida, jarayoni onhoro man mesozad va dar badan girehho paydo mekunad (az jumla dar magzi sar ham).

2 gramm pusti kuzai kuknorro pagohi ba dili nahor va hamon miqdor begohi pesh az khob bo obi khunuk bikhurand, isholi khunin va safroviro band mekunad; tafsi meda, rudaho va suzishi khichakro shifo mebakhshad.

Agar inro kufta, ba peshoni guzoshta bandand, baroi dardi sar doru meshavad; bo hulba daromekhta, dar gulob jushonida, dar ibtidoi dardi chashm guzoshta bandand, dardashro taskin doda, illati onro isloh mesozad va moddahoi az sar ba azo rekhtashavandaro man mekunad.

Kuknorro bikhurand, surfai garm va surfai tari rutubati raqiqnok (suyuqnok)-ro ba ibro meovarad — in foidaash binobar sard, gafs va shakh gardonidani moddaho meboshad. Agar inro bo sharobi mozu bikhurand, isholi kuhnaro mebandad.

Mizoji obi on sard va moil ba rutubat ast. Tasirash az tukhmash qavitar meboshad. Inro bardavom bikhurand, pay, ragho va majrohoi badanro sust megardonad, bohro qat mesozad ba darajae, ki mardi solim hez megardad, uzvhoi hozima va ishtihoro az amal bozmedorad, faromushkhotiriro ba amal meovarad, khunro murdor megardonad, harorati tabiii badanro nojur va pareshon menamoyad, vale dardhoi az garmi  va khushki  hodisshudaro taskin medihad; guyo yak andoza nishot meovarda boshad, hisro digar mekunad va ba shushi sardmizojon zarar dorad. Baroi daf kardani in zararash shakar va asal bikhurand, kifoya ast.

Miqdori yak bor khurdan az obi on dar yak ruz az 4,5 to 6,5 gramm ast. Mizoji tukhmi kuknor dar darajai duvum sard va dar yakum tar ast.

Inro ham bikhurand, karakhti va khob meovarad, moddahoi raqiqi safroviro pazonida, baroi daf gashtan tayyor mesozad va darunro shakh mekunad. Agar 35 gramm az on bo shakar bikhurand, baroi dagalii uzvhoi daruni sina va qasabai shush, surfai garmi khushk, khun qay kardan va tabi diq (logarkunanda) darmon meshavad; maynaro quvvat mebakhshad, sustii gurda va jigarro isloh mekunad, badanro farbeh megardonad, suzish va bemorihoi garmi khichakro shifo mebakhshad; bo barobari on magzi bodomi shirin bardavom bikhurand, khuni solim paydo mekunad, logarii badanro barham medihad (khususan dar in amr tukhmi kuknorro to buyash baromadan tafsonida boshand, tasirash ziyodtar ast); bo asal bikhurand, quvvati bohro meafzoyad, vale agar bo in usul bardavom bikhurand, bohro qat mekunad. Tukhmi kuknorro tafsonida, buyi onro ba mashom kashand, bekhobiro daf mekunad. Az tukhmi budodai kuknor az 7 to 17,5 gramm bikhurand, sakht khob meovarad.

Ravgani tukhmash dar khislat zaiftar ast az khudi tukhmi on. Vale khurdani in ham khob meovarad, dar badan girehho paydo mekunad.

Miqdori yak bor khurdan dar yak ruz az tukhmi on to 35 gramm ast. CHun pusti kuza va kungurai nav va tozai onro kufta, qursho sokhta bikhurand, baroi surfa, dardi uzvhoi daruni sina va suzok davo meshavad, shiddati tashnagiro meshikanad, peshobi khele vaqt boz bandshudaro mekushoyad va rutubathoi badanro khushk mekunad. Binobar hamin hamai kasone, ki kuknor istemol myokunand, badanashon qoq va kamgushtu kamravgan meboshad, inchunin guzoshta bastani on qursho rutubathoro khushk va az hamin bois varamhoro ham tahlil medihad.

Miqdori yak bor khurdan dar yak ruz az qursi on to 17,5 gramm ast. Niz bad az rasidan hamai qismhoi giyohi onro dar ob jush dihand, khislati khudi kuknorro molik ast, vale zaiftar az qursi on ast.

Guli kuknorro bo obi kashniz yakjo karda, ba chashm kashand, dard, suzish va zakhmi onro shifo mebakhshad. Agar guli onro ba tanhoi guzoshta bandand, dogi zakhm va reshro nest megardonad: bo obi kashniz daromekhta guzoshta bandand, donacha va obilahoi surkhaki dar pust damidaro, ki davanda va ziyodshavanda boshand, ba ibro meovarad, inchunin reshi raddiro (zlokachestvennie yazvi)-ro shifo mebakhshad.

Az guli kuknor ravgan ham tayyor mekunand ba in tariq. Dar zarfi shisha to nima ravgani kunjidi toza andokhta, onro az guli taru tozai kuknor pur namuda, to chil ruz ba oftob meguzorand, ba sharte ki har hafta gulro fishurda dur sokhta, guli nav dokhil kunand. Bad ravganro sof karda nigoh medorand.

Tarzi digarash in ast. Agar guli tari kuknor yoft nashavad, guli khushki kuknorro har chi qadar, ki khohand, bigirand. Dar obi panj barobari vazni gul yak shabonaruz tar karda, bad onro bo otashi muloim bijushonand, to on ki choryaki ob bimonad. Pas molida, az matoi boftash zich guzaronida sof namuda, on obro dar zarfe karda, az boloyash barobari vazni ob ravgani kunjidi toza dokhil karda, bo otashi muloim bijushonand, to ob tamoman bukhor shuda, ravgan bimonad, vale ehtiyot kunand, ki ravgan dog nagardad.

In ravgani guli kuknorro bikhurand, karakhti meovarad, dardhoi garmmizojro taskin medihad, varamhoi garmro megardonad; baroi nazla, surfai garm darmon meshavad. Agar nimgarm dar gush bichakonand, dardi onro, ki az garmi boshad, taskin medihad, nnchunin varami garmi daruni onro shifo mebakhshad.

Bargi kuknorro dar ob jushonida, on obro bo asal sirishta, lesida bikhurand, nazlahoi gunogunro band mekunad, surfaro taskin medihad, isholi kuhnaro mebandad. Bargi onro dar ob jushonida, on obro ba sar birezand, bekhobiro daf mekunad.

Kungurai kuza, yane sari kusaki kuknorro kufta, bo ordi jav khamir sokhta guzoshta bandand, surkhbod va varamhoi garmro daf mekunad. Reshai onro dar ob jushonida, on obro binushand, ba illati jigar shifo mebakhshad, moddai gafsi medaro raqiq megardonad. Bargi navruidai onro bo ravgan va piyoz biryon namuda tanovul kunand, farah mebakhshad, khob meovarad va isholro band mesozad.

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