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Qonuni JT Dar borai islohoti zamin

QONUNI  JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

 Dar borai islohoti zamin

(Akhbori Shuroi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston soli 1992, №10, mod 139; soli 1994, №15-16, mod 252; Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston soli 1995, №22, mod 276; soli 1997, №9, mod. 117; soli 2006, №3, mod. 165)

Fasli  1. QOIDAHOI UMUMI

Moddai 1. Vazifaho va maqsadi islohoti zamin

Vazifahoi islohoti zamin dar Jumhurii Tojikiston az muhayyo namudani sharoit baroi taraqqiyoti barobarhuquqi shaklhoi gunoguni khojagidori dar zamin, tashakkuli iqtisodiyoti bisyorsoha, istifodai oqilona va hifzi zamin iborat buda, maqsadash ziyod namudani makhsuloti kishovarzi meboshad.

Moddai 1 . Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai islohoti zamin

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai islohoti zamin ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Kodeksi zamini Jumhurii Tojikiston, Konuni mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston va sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilali, ki Jumhurii Tojikiston onhoro etirof kardaast, iborat ast. 

Moddai 2. Mundarijai islohoti zamin

  1. Islohoti zamin majmui chorabinihoi huquqi, iqtisodi va tashkiliyu tekhniki meboshad, ki ba munosibathoi sifatan navi zaministafodabari guzashtanro tamin menamoyad.
  2. Dar jarayoni guzaronidani islohoti zamin huquqi har yak shahrvand va kollektivi mehnati dar intikhobi ikhtiyorii shakli zamindori, zaministifodabari va faoliyati khojagidori dar zamin tamin megardad.

Talab kardani zaminhoi boboi va vakf ba etibor girifta nameshavad.

Moddai 3. Samthoi asosii islohoti zamin

Samthoi asosii islohoti zamin az inho iboratand:

Ba  ruykhatgirii  tamomi zaminho az rui guruhho, tarzhoi zamindori, zaministifodabari va namudhoi zamin;

muayyan kardani zaminhoi istifodanashavanda va gayrioqilona istifodashavanda baroi tashkili fondi makhsusi zaminimaqomi hokimiyati ijroiyai mahalli (hukumati nohiya)bo maqsadi aznavtaqsimkunii on  bahri samaranok istifoda burdani zamin;

dodani zamin ba istifodai yakumrai merosi ba shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi tashkili khojagihoi dehqoni (fermeri) va kasbhoi ananavii mardumi, inchunin qitai zamini nazdi havligi;

az nav taqsimkunii zamin dar holathoi tajdidi sokhtori tashkilotu korkhonahoi kishovarzi;

muqarrar va aniq kardani carhadi vohidhoi mamuriyu hududi mahalhoi, aholinishin va sokhtori zaminu khojagidorii onho;

ba rasmiyat darovardan va az nav ba qayd giriftan hujjathoe, ki huquqi istifodabarii qitai zaminro muayyan menamoyand.

Moddai 4. Marhilahoi guzaronidani islohoti zamin

Islohoti zamin marhila ba marhila guzaronida  meshavad.

Dar marhalai avval ba maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati huquqi ikhtiyordorii zamin, aniq namudani carhadhoi mamuri, muayyan namudani talaboti shakhsoni voqei va huquqi ba zamin, tashkil kardani fondi makhsusi zamin baroi az nav taqsim namudani on doda meshavad.

Dar marhalai duyum maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati va maqomoti davlatii zaminsozii Jumhurii Tojikiston korhoi ba shakhsoni voqei va huquqi baroi istifodabari dodani zaminro amali menamoyand.

Moddai 5. Maqomote, ki islohoti zaminro amali megardonand

  1. Guzaronidani islohoti zamin ba uhdai maqomoti ijroiyai  mahallii hokimiyati davlati va maqomi davlatii zaminsozii Jumhurii Tojikiston guzoshta meshavad;
  2. Khadamoti davlatii tanzimi zamini  maqomi davlatii zaminsozii Jumhurii Tojikiston va maqomoti on dar mahalho oidi tamini islohoti zamin vazifahoi zaylro anjom medihand:

baqaydgirii davlatii zaministifodabari va ba ras­miyat darovardani huquqi istifodai zamin;

bahisobgirii davlatii zamin, kadastri zamin va monitoringi za­min;

amali gardondani korhoi tanzimi zamin, murattab sokhtani naqshahoi kulli istifodai zamin, naqshayu loihakhoi tanzimi zamin, bahodihii zamin va ba kharita darovardani guruhi zaminho;

nazorati davlati ba istifodai zamin;

Shurohoi deputathoi khalq dar doirai salohiyati khud oidi masalahoi islohotu tanzimi zamin dar asosi mavodi peshnihodkardai az tarafi Khadamoti davlatii tanzimi zamini Vazorati kishovarzii Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror qabul menamoyand;

 

Moddai 6. Tamini  moliyavii    islohoti zamin

Islohoti zamin az hisobi bujethoi jumhuriyavi va mahalli, zaministifodabarandagon va digar manbaho guzaronida meshavad.

 

Fasli P. BAHISOBGIRII ZAMIN

 

Moddai 7. Vazifaho va guzaronidani bahisobgirii zamin

Bahisobgirii zamin bo maqsadi aniq kardani malumotho oidi mavjudiyat va taqsimoti fondi zamini Jumhurii Tojikiston guzaro­nida meshavad.

Bahisobgirii zamin az rui guruh, zamindori, zaministifodabari va namudhoi on guzaronida meshavad.

 

Fasli III. FONDI MAKhSUSI ZAMINI MAQOMI HOKIMIYaTI IJROIYaI MAHALLI (HUKUMATI NOHIYa)

 

Moddai 8. Tashkili fondi makhsusi zamin

  1. Fondi makhsusi zamin az hisobi zaminhoi zayl tashkil karda meshavad:

zaminhoe, ki huquqi istifodai onho mutobiqi moddai 37 Kodeksi zamini Jumhurii Tojikiston qat megardad;

zaminhoi kishovarzii az istifoda baromada yo ba qatori zamin­hoi qimatashon pasttar guzaronidashuda;

zaminhoi ehtiyoti;

zaminhoi be darakhtu buttazori fondi jangal, ki baroi istifoda dar istehsoloti kishovarzi muvofiqand;

zaminhoe, ki gayrioqilona  istifoda burda meshavand;

zaminhoi digari tashkilotu korkhonahoi kishovarzi, ki peshtar dar islohoti kishovarzi istifoda nashudaand;

  1. Zaminhoi fondi makhsusi maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati, ki dar soli jori purra taqsim nashudaand, ba fondi zakhirai davlati dokhil karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 9. Taminoti fondi makhsusi zamin

Fondi makhsusi zaminro maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati ba shakhsoni voqei va huquqi ba maqsadi istifodai kishovarzi va digar maqsadho medihand;

 

Moddai 10. Muayyan namudani zaminhoi istifodanashavanda va gayrioqilona istifodashavanda

  1. Zaminhoi istifodanashavanda va gayrioqilona istifodashavandaro maqomi  davlatii  zaminsozii Jumhurii Tojikiston bo rohi bahisobgiri, inchunin muvofiqi tartibi nazorat ba rioyai qonunhoi zamin, tartibdihii naqshayu loihahoi tanzimi zamin, burdani kadastri zamin va monitoringa on muayyan menamoyand.
  2. Hujjatho oidi muayyan namudani zaminhoi istifodanashavanda va gayrioqilona istifodashavanda baroi halli masalai musodira va ba fondi makhsusi zamin dokhil namudani onho ba maqomi hokimiyati ijroiyai mahalli (hukumati nohiya) peshnihod karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 11. Giriftan va ba fondi makhsus dokhil namudani zamin

Qitahoi zaminro maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati az   zaministifodabarandagon ba fondi makhsus dar asosi hujjathoi peshnihodkardai maqomoti davlatii zaminsozii Jumhurii Tojikiston megirad.

Baroi musodira namudani qitahoi zamin va ba fondi makhsus dokhil namudani onho rozigii zaministifodabarandagon talab karda nameshavad.

Hangomi ba qarori musodirai zamin rozi nabudan istifodabarandai zamin metavonad ba sud yo sudi iqtisodi  shikoyat kunad;

To vaqti ba zaministifodabarandagoni nav supurdani zaminho onhoro zaministifodabarandagoni sobiq istifoda mebarand.

Moddai  12. Sharthoi taqsimkunii fondi makhsusi zamin

  1. Qitahoi zamin az fondi makhsus muvofiqi tartibi tanzimi zamin, chun qoida, yaklukht judo karda meshavand.
  2. Qitahoi zamin az fondi makhsus dar navbati avval ba shakhsoni voqei va huquqi baroi istifodai kishovarzi doda meshavand.
  3. Shahrvandoni dar mahalhoi dakhldor istiqomatdoshtae, ki doroi donishu ikhtisosi makhsusi kishovarzi meboshand va dar sohai ki­shovarzi tajribai kori amali dorand, baroi giriftani qitai zamin, huquqi afzaliyatnok dorand.

Ba khojagihoi kishovarzii yorirasoni korkhonayu ittihodiyaho va muassisayu tashkilothoi sanoati va digar korkhonayu idtihodiyaho va muassisayu tashkilotho qitahoi zamin dar asosi ozmun doda meshavand.

Fasli IV. TAJDIDI SOKhTORI TAShKILOTU  KORKhONAHOI  KIShOVARZI VA ISLOhOTI ZAMIN

Moddai 13. Shaklhoi khojagidori

Tajdidi sokhtori tashkilotu korkhonahoi kishovarzi novobasta az tobeiyatashon bo rohi tashkil namudani khojagii dehkoni, shirkati khojagidori, kooperativi istehsoli va digar shaklhoi khoja­gidori bo rozigii kollektivhoi mehnati guzaronida meshavand.

Moddai 14. Ba rasmiyat darovardani qitahoi zamin hangomi tajdidi sokhtori tashkilotu korkhonahoi kishovarzi

  1. Ba khojagihoi dehqoni, shirkati khojagidori, kooperativi, istehsoli, digar namudi  khojagidori, ki dar jarayoni tajdid tashkil meyoband, qitahoi zamin az hisobi zaminhoi tajdidgardida doda meshavand.
  2. Andozai qitai zamine, ki baroi khojagii dehqoni, kooperativhoi kishovarzi, kollektivhoi ijoravi doda meshavad, az rui miqdori zaminkhoi mavjudai khojagi muayyan megardad, ki on ba fondi taqsimshavanda judo karda meshavad.
  3. Maqomoti  ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati dar asosi loihai zaminsozi oid ba judo namudani qitahoi zamin ba zaministifodabarandagoni  nav qaror qabul mekunad;

Badi qabuli qaror loihai zaminsozi amali megardad va huquqi istifodai zamin baroi zaministifodabaranda ba rasmiyat darovarda meshavad.

Moddai 15. Gayridavlatikunoni va khususigardonii khojagihoi muassisahoi ilmi

Gayridavlatikunoni va khususigardonii poygohhoi kishovarzi,nuqtahoi yorirasonii muassisakhoi ilmi- tadqiqoti va khojagihoi ba onho barobar etirofshuda, khojagihoi makhsusi tukhmiparvari, rastaniparvari va zotparvari tanho ba rozigii Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston surat megirad.

Fa sl i V. MUQARRAR NAMUDANI SARHADI VOHIDHOI MAMURIYu HUDUDI VA  MAHALHOI AHOLINIShIN

Moddai 16. Aniq va muqarrar namudani hududhoi mahalhoi aholinishin

Aniqu muqarrar namudan va yo tagyir dodani carhadi mahalhoi aholinishin dar mavridhoi zayl surat megirad:

nabudani carhadhoi mahali aholinishin;

tagyir yoftani naqshai generalii mahali aholinishin;

dodani zamini ilovagi baroi ehtiyojoti mahali aholinishin.

Baroi har yak mahali aholinishin va vohidhoi mamuriyu hududi carhadhoro tafsir namuda, mavodi naqshayu kharita tartib doda meshavad.

Sarhadi mahalhoi aholinishini dehotro maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati muayyan menamoyad.

Sarhadhoi mahalhoi aholinishin va vohidhoi mamuriyu hududi, ki muvofiqi tartibi muayyanshuda tasdiq shudaand, dar asl, bo alomathoi marzi judo karda meshavand.

Moddai 17. Dodani zamin dar mahalhoi aholinishini dehot

Dodani zamin va digar munosibat dar hududi mahalhoi aholinishini dehot mutobiqi moddai 8 Kodeksi zamini Jumhurii Tojikiston surat megirad

Fasli VI. BARASMIYaTDARORI VA TAJDIDI RASMIYaTI HUJChATHOI HUQUQI ISTIFODABARII  QITAHOI ZAMIN

Moddai 18.Tartibi aznavbaqaydgirii hujjatho

1.Shakhsoni voqei va huquqi, ki dar istifodaashon qitai zamin dorand,dar holati nadoshtani hujjathoi dakhldori tasdiqkunandai huquqi istifodai zamin ba maqomoti ijroiyai mahalli hokimiyati davlati bo darkhost murojiat menamoyand.

  1. Maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati darkhosti voridshudaro ba qayd girifta, baroi tayyor namudani peshnihodot ba maqomoti mahallii zaminsozi mefiristad.
  2. Maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati vazifadorand dar muddati yak moh darkhosti az nav barasmiyatdarorii hujjathoro barrasi namuda, qarori dakhldor qabul namoyand.
  3. Maqomoti mahallii zaminsozi oid ba muayyan namudanihududhoi zaministifodabari bo darnazardoshti giriftani qitai zamin ba fondi makhsus, inchunin tagyir dodani hududi mahalhoi aholinishin korhoi zaruriro ijro menamoyad va hujjathoro (loihai zaminsoziro) baroi tasdiq ba maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati peshnihod menamoyad. Badi tasdiqi hujjatho (loihai zaminsozi) va dar mahal nishon dodani sarhadho ba zaministifodabaranda hujjati tasdiqkunandai huquqi istifodai zamin doda meshavad.
  4. Shakhsoni voqei va huquqi, ki qitai zamin dorand, dar surati doshtani hujjathoi shahodatdihandai huquqi istifodai zamin, baroi baqaydgiri ba maqomoti mahallii zaminsozi bo darkhost murojiat menamoyad.
  5. Maqomi mahallii zaminsozi darkhostro barrasi namuda, tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston, huquqi istifodai zaminro ba qayd megirad va ba shakhsoni voqei va huquqi hujjati tasdiqkunandai huquqi istifodai zamin medihad.

 

Moddai 20. Ba rasmiyat darovardani hujjati huquqi istifodai yakumrai merosii zamin

  1. Ba shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki dar qalamravi jumhuri istiqomat mekunandu dar ikhtiyori khud zamin dorand va in zamin ba onho ba maqsadhoi dar moddai 12 Kodeksi zamini Jumhurii Toji­kiston zikrshuda doda shudaast, asnodi tasdiqkunandai huquqi istifodai yakumrai merosii zamin.
  2. Hangomi ba rasmiyat darovardani hujjatho ba zamine, ki baroi bogdori va obchakorii dastjami judo shudaast va ba qitahoi zamine, ki mavridi istifodai infirodii azoyoni rafoqat meboshand, sanadhoi davlatii huquqi sohibii yakumrii merosi doda meshavad.
  3. Azoi rafoqati bogdori va obchakori huquq dorad muvofiqi khohishi khud imoratu darakhtoni ba u taalluqdoshtaro dar qitai za­mine, ki ba sohibii yakumrii merosi doda shudaast, ba shakhsi digar furushad yo roygon dihad. Dar in mavrid rozigii rafoqat talab kar­da nameshavad.

 

Moddai 21. Nigoh doshtani huquqi istifodabarii zamin to ba rasmiyat darovardani hujjatho

To barasmiyatdarorii hujjathoi isti­fodai zamin,shakhsoni voqei va huquqii qablan muayyanshuda huquqi  istifodai qitahoi zaminro nigoh medorand.

 

          Prezidenti

Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                                                       R. NABIEV

5 marti soli 1992  shahri Dushanbe.

№ 594.

 

 

QARORI ShUROI OLII JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

Dar khususi tatbiqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai islohoti zamin»

(Akhbori Shuroi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston soli 1992, №10, mod 140)

 

Shuroi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror mekunad:

Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai islohoti zamin» az lahzai ba nashr rasidanash tatbiq karda shavad.

 

Raisi Shuroi Olii

Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                                                    S. KENJAEV

5 marti soli 1992  shahri Dushanbe.

№ 595.

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