Home / Madaniyat va Sanat / Kompozitsiya dar sanati oroishiyu amali. Tahiya namudani applikatsiya az masolehi tabii

Kompozitsiya dar sanati oroishiyu amali. Tahiya namudani applikatsiya az masolehi tabii

Sanati oroishiyu amalii mardumi qirgizro dar amalhoi anjomyofta dar tekhnikai applikatsiya, ki to zamoni mo boqi mon- daand, didan mumkin. Istilohi «applikatsiya» az kalimai loti- nii applikatus girifta shuda, manoyash guzoshtani ashyoe ba boloi ashyoi digar va ba tartib, chunone dar bolo qayd shuda bud.

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Tekhnikai «applikatsiya» payvast kardani juziyotro ifoda me- namoyad. Masalan, inro dar qolini namadi (shirdak), dar qolini devori (tush-kiyiz), libos yo ashyohoi digar didan mumkin ast. Az qadimulayyom mardumi mo sanati applikatsiyai matoro nigoh doshta, to ba in ruzho ovarda rasond, yane az matoi pas az dukhtan boqimonda chevaron porchahoro payvast karda, ashyohoi zebo meofa- ridand, ki onho chehrai insonro mekushodand. Mo az chunin tekhnika makhsus tavajjuhi khudro ba qolini namadi (shirdak) zohir menamoem.

SHirdak yake az ashyohoi garonbahoest, ki az asr ba asr boqi mon- da, az nasl ba nasli digar meguzarad.

Dar naqshu nigori shirdak manoi chuqur mavjud ast. Naqshu nigor az zamonhoi jangovarona to ruzhoi mo boqi bimonda, tarikhi boy dorad. Dar naqshu nigori kuhna va nav arzishhoi abadi va muqaddasi insoni: orzu, muhabbat, umed, maqsadhoi hayoti mavjud ast.

Dar urfiyat meguyand: «CHashm meharosad, dast kor mekunad», maqoli mazkur behuda gufta nashudaast, naqshu nigor dar shirdak az yak juzi komil iborat buda, dar nigohi avval nihoyat murakkab ba nazar merasad.

«CHevaron». S. CHokmorov
«CHevaron». S. CHokmorov
SHirdak
SHirdak

Agar ba naqshu nigori zerin bodiqqat bingarem, bo nazardosh- ti joygirshavii bonizom, on goh ba sifati misol, yak elementro hamchun asos girifta, az on asari komili kompozitsioni ba vujud ovardan mumkin ast.

14 15Naqshu nigori applikatsioni, ki dar kanorho joygir shudaast, naqshu nigori kanori nomida meshavad.

Naqshu nigore, ki dar kunjho joygir shudaast, naqshu nigori kunji nomida meshavad.

Naqshu nigore, ki dar markaz joygir shudaast, markazi nomida meshavad.

Dar tasvirhoi zerin qayd namo, ki naqshu nigori kanori, kunji va markazi dar kujo joygir shudaast.

CHunone dar bolo, dar tasvirho, nishon doda shudaast, korhoi applikatsioniro zimni istifodai kogazi ranga yo masoleh baroi juzhoi oddi az naqshu nigor ijro kardan mumkin ast.

Tavre dar jadval nishon doda shudaast, dar hamvori ranghoi zaruriro dar barobari omekhta kardani ranghoi gunoguni plasti­lin paydo namo. Gulho, hayvonot va ashyohoi digarro tavassuti tekh- nikai applikatsiya bisoz.

Dar tekhnikai applikatsiya kompozitsiyahoi gunogunro zimni intikhobi manzar baroi zarfi khurdakak, dar barobari guzoshtani qabati tunuki plastilini ranga, dar angorai peshaki az barghoi gu- nogun, tukhmiho-donakho tahiyashuda ba vujud ovardan mumkin ast.

Hangomi ijroi korhoi ejodii applikatsioni, tekhnikai ba istiloh ayris-foldingro mavridi istifoda qaror dodan mum- kin. «Ayris-folding» – kalimai faronsavi buda, manoyash «ran- gorang guzoshtani kogaz» meboshad, chunin tekhnika avvalin maro- tiba dar Gollandiya paydo shud. Ayni zamon baroi ijroi korho

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kogazi ranga, matoi nassoji, shiresh va lavozimoti digarro is- tifoda mebarand. Malumoti mufassaltarro dar borai tekhnikai «Ayris folding» az Internet dastras karda, dar tajriba istifo- da burdan mumkin.

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