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Qiyofashinosi – Baho dodani odam azaftu andom

Magar shakhsro az shakli ruy, ki budani onro guftan mumkin ast?  Baho dodani odam az nigohi ilm!

Az zamonhoi khele qadim mardum va donishmandon aqida doshtand, ki chehrai inson az rafator va kirdori odami hikoyatmekunad. Borho pmzishkoni muolij dar hini amal tashkhis doda budand, ki vazi qaror giriftani har yak azoi badan chi dar khorij yo dokhili badan dar ruhiyai bemor tasir dorad va vobasta ba andomi ust. CHunonki yakdastho yo yakchashmho yo kutohqadho va khiplaho har kadom az yak nav nohamohangii akhloqi va sirishti barkhurdor hastand.

Doktar Kurmon chehrai odamiro poya va asosi in nazariya qaror medihad va onro ba du qismat va yo du guruh taqsim mekunad:

CHehrai gushoda va duvvum chehrai darham va pechida.

psihologiya

Aknun bubinem chehrai farokh va gushodaro chi guna meshinosem?  Ibtido in ki chehrai farokh va gushoda gohe mumkin ast ariz yo gird va yo taqriban murabbashakl boshad.

Pusti badan, rangi on shaffof yo surkh yo moil ba gili ast, zero khun ba osoni dar hama joi badan gardish mekunad.

Gohe shakli surat az khututi kutoh va amiq tashkil shuaast va azoi giranda yo hissii in nav chehraro doktar Kurmon dastgohi ehsos nomguzori kardaast.

In nav chehraho sof va durakhshon, chashmon buzurg va az ham dur, binii u kame baland bo minharayni (surokhihoi bini) farokh va dahon buzurg ba tavre ki mavqei harf zadan bo labhoi gushtolu harf mezanad.

CHehrai gushoda

Kase ki doroi chehrai gushod boshad binanda az didani u mahzuz (khursand) meshavad, az u khushash meoyad. Bo mayl va ragbat bo vay harf mezanad. Sukhanonash dar dili u menishinad. Dorandai chunin chehrae bo mardum mehrubon ast. CHunin menamoyad, ki garizai dust doshtan va muhabbat kardan dar qiyofaash monandi yak ehsosi guyo inikos dorad.

U qiyofai bashshosh dorad, hamesha bo tabassumi shirin az dustoni khud istiqbol mekunad va misli in ast, ki qiyofai khub va matbui u namoyandai kunish va sirishti poki ust.

CHehrai farokh mutaalliq ba kasonest, ki goliban mayl ravand, harf bizanand, bikhandand va makhsusan muhabbat va nishoti onho gohe ba haddi ifrot merasad, qalbash dar dastash ast, hama qalbi uro mebinand va dustash dorand, ehsosoti uro hama mebinand va khudash ham ehsosi kheshro ba hama nishon medihad, dustoni ziyode baroi khud faroham mekunad, dar sinni javoni izdivoj mekunad, zindagiro ba ayoshi nameguzaronad va hama chizro ba nazari khushbini talaqqi mekunad va ba tavri kulli bo dunyoi khorij marbut ast. Haqiqat guvoh ast va dar zindagii ijtimoi joi khudro boz mekunad va goliban dar korho bo suhulati tamom piruz meshavad. 

CHehrai tira va tor

CHehrai tira va tor doroi chashmoni fururafta va tira, abruvoni barjasta binii pahn, surati fururafta, chonai (manahi) daroz va gohe ba shakli musallas daroz ast. CHunin kas doroi qiyofai nopisand va girehkhurdavu ustukhoni, rangash ba misli in ki khun ba sakhti dar on jarayon dorad parida ast. Andomash kuchak va ba khud fururafta misli in ki namekhohad bo dunyoi khorij bastagi doshta boshad. CHashmon dargudie dar halqai ba ham nazdik qaror dorad, fosilai du chashm khele ba ham nazdik ast. CHashmon niz az haddi mamul ba ham nazdikiarand. Binii u yo kuchak yo khele khipla, minkharayn farokh, labho bisyor kuluft va gayritabii ast.

CHunin odam az nirui khud sarfajui mekunad, khudro az digaron kuchaktar va notavontar medonad va mekhohad az digaron tavonotar boshad.

Az lihozi ijtimoi odami marmuz va kanoragir ast. Gayr az iddae mahdud, ki az onho itminon dorad az digaron khudro dur medorad va az dusti bo mardum gurezon ast. Tanhoi va gushagiriro dar jam shudan bo onho tarjeh medihad.

Ravobiti u bo khorij mahdud va kantrulshuda ast va monandi chehrai farokh boiroda nest. Ammo biduni tardid az lihozi khush va farosat nisbat ba u bartari dorad.

Dar zindagi foqidi sozish va narmi ba istilohi avom ziyod qotii digaron nameshavad. Az on chi dar atrofi u meguzarad rozi va khushnud nest. Dar barobari muzohir khorij yo nabard mekunad va yo ba khud furu meravad.

Sohibi chehrai bahamrafta va munqabiz izdivojro bo qiyofai gushuda istiqbol namekunad, baroi khud dustone nadorad, zero kasero dust nadorad. Piruzii u monandi sohibi rui hila va duruggui va zohirsozi ast.

Peshraft dar korhoi u asositar ast, zero aqlro bo havashoi gunahkorona ba kor meandozad.

Dar tarikhi Eron Hasan Saboh peshvoi ismoiliya az in namuna bud. Ba tavre ki Murkhin menavisad chehrai daroz, jonai darozi bargashta, chashmoni fururafta va hilagar, minkharayni gushoda, labhoi nozuk va bargashta dosht. In mard binobar rivoyati tarikh bo Hoja Nizomulmulk – vaziri Olbarslon va Malikshohi Salchuqi va Umari Hayyom dust bud va ba nomi se yori dabistoni dar tarikh shinokhta shudaand.

CHehrai odami khulosae az kirdor va raftori ust. 

Bo tavajjuh ba on chi guftem se nav qiyofaro dar nazar megirem. Kudak az ruze ki ba dunyo meoyad to davroni piri qiyofaash ivaz meshavad. Doktar Kurmon dar in zamina se davra baroi kudak to sinni piri qoil shudaast.

  1. CHehrai javon to hududi chihilsolagi va dar in davron qiyofai kudak ba ashkoli gunogun darmeoyad, hututi chehra khamida va uftoda va gohe dar hamai peshoni kham shuda va binii mutamoil ba jilu, monandi in ast, ki qismati surat dar holi jilu raftan ast.
  2. Bad az chihilsolagi chorukho (ojangho) dar peshoni zohir meshavad. Dar in hol nimi rukh khudro nishon medihad. Baze az andomho monandi chehra va peshoni va chona tagyir mekunand.
  3. Dar davroni shastsolagi ba bad churuq kulli dar chehra paydo meshavad, surat ba gudi meravad, yak nav adami tanosub dar bini, ki dar holi khud boqi monda va soiri qismathoi chehra zohir megardad.

Agar dar muddati in solho peshoni doroi churuq boshad, in churuk agar chi namoyandai umr ast, vale az tarafi digar namoyandai fikr va andeshai ust.

Qismathoi segonai surat har kadom hikoyat az yak tabiat va sirisht mekunad, az tarafi digar boyad bidonem, ki akhloq va odobi mo marbut ba vazi zohiri chehra nest. Agar in tavr mebud har kas metavonist az chehra va chashmu bini va azaloti (mushakhoi) odami ba akhloq va kirdori vay pay bibarad.

Dnishmandon dar asari ozmoishhoi ziyod pay burdaand va meguyand, vazi qaror giriftani har yak az andomhoi badan, ki bo ham mutafovitand, dar tagyiri holat va odatho muassir ast. In tahti tasiri se dastgohi omil dar badan ba vujud meoyad, yake az onho silsilai asob, duvvum silsila majorai khun va savvum silsila azalot ast, ki bo ham ravobite dorand.

Avval sissilai asob

Pavlov donishmandi rus saghoro ba se dasta taqsim mekunad:

Avval – saghoi hor (devona) va giranda nave hastand, ki hamesha holati hamla dorand. Mumkin astsohibi khudro goz bigirand.

Duvvum – saghoi tarsu, ki agar ba sarashon bizaned va yo dast ba ruyashon baland kuned, favran taslim meshavand. Gohe ham az tars idror mekunand. In nav saghoro hayvone tarsu menomand.

Savvum – hayvonoti mutaodil, ki kame orom, hushyor va zarng  hastand monandi saghoi pulis.

Az in taqsimbandi natijae, ki ba dasti mo meoyad, ki agar dar inson ham onro ba marazi ozmoish qaror dihem, haqiqat baroi mo sobit va ravshan meshavad.

Dar inson ham in ozmoish durust meoyad. Guruhhoi pisar va dukhtarro agar bo ham dar yak jo jam kunem, guruhe orom va farmonbardorand va az qonun tajovuz namekunand. Guruhi digar khudro qahramon medonand va mekhohand bar digaron tasalut doshta boshand va guruhi savvum javononi tajovuzkor, durugguy va goliban khiyonatkor az ob dar meoyand.

Dastae az insonho bo imoni komil amoli khub anjom medihand va guruhi digar sirishti judogona az khud nishon medihand.

Ijtimoro agar fokturgiri kunem, ham kadom doroi khususiyote hastand, ki bo anvoi digar tafovut dorand. Akhloq va odob va garoiz va idrok va khostahoi onho bo ham mutafovit ast va har kadom az lihozi ravoni va tarzi tafakkur nav va vohidero tashkil medihand.

Binobar in tamomi mardumi jahonro metavon bayni in se guruh miqyos girift. Akhloqi har kadom bo digare marbut ba sissilai asob va sharoiti barkhurdi onho muhit ast.

Qismathoi segonai surat ham har kadom hikoyat az yak sirisht va sifati makhsus mekunad, bo in tartib ki andomhoi qismati poini surat monandi chona va dahon va dandonho khoki az sifati garizi va tabaqai mutavassit shomili bini va gunaho namoyandai tasiroti daruni va avotifi insoni va tarzi zindagii ijtimoi va qismati boloi surat shomili peshoni, abruvon, mijgon va chashmho hoki az odat va havodisi zindagi ast. Binobar in metavonem biguem:

  1. CHehrahoi gushoda bo chashmoni durusht va qiyofai matbu, ki ba sharh va tavsifi on pardokhtem mutaaliq ba kasone ast, ki doroi hushi vofir, tabi mehrubon va insondust hastand. Golib rijol va buzurgoni mashhur az in tabaqaand. Mumkin ast mehrubon naboshand, ammo doroi fikri baland va nubug va shakhsiyati mumtoz hastand.
  2. Bar khilofi on chehrahoi ubus va darham va nozebo va girifta, ki didani on tanaffurovar ast va doroi afkori palid va past va az dastai afrodi duruggu va nomehrubon va khashmgin va asaboni va johtalab hastand.
  3. CHashmoni durusht va zebo va biduni barjastagi mardumoni mehrubon va doroi avotifi khub hastand, mehr va utufat dorand, ba sukhanoni digaron gush medihand, ba shakhsiyati afrod ehtirom meguzorand va bar khilofi on chashmoni fururafta, ki doroi barqi shaytanat ast, afrodi hilagar, duruggu va firebkorand va agar chashmon nisbat ba ham fosilai ziyod doshta boshad, ki dar nigoh kardan makhsus boshad, boz ham hoki va avotifi insoni ast, vale agar fosilai chashmon kam boshad dar istiloh ononro tangnazar mekhonand. In afrod doroi hasti tab, pulparast va dunyoparast va zohirbin hastand va onchiro dar zohir meguyan gayr az on ast, ki dar botin fikr mekunand. Baze afrodi zisht va nozebo ham mumkin ast qiyofai farokh doshta boshand.

PESHONI

  1. Peshoni agar baland va farqi sar imtidod doshta boshad mardumoni fakkur va az kasone khohanhd bud, ki az rohi fikr khudro ba maqomi olimi merasonandyu Golib dorandagoni peshonihoi baland va gushoda mutaalliq ba siyosatmadoron va rahbaron va kasone hastand, ki iddaero zerdasti khud idora mekunand. Peshonii afrode, ki qismati ziyode az boloi sarro shomil shavad va doroi hututi ziyod boshad, doroi sifati zayl khohand bud:

Ravshanfikr, yane ba dunboli khurofot nameravad va afkori onon komilan muntabaq bo voqeiyot va bar poyai usuli ilmi ast.

  1. Umri onho kutoh, az sarvat va manol bahrae nadorad. Zero afkori baland dorand va pulu sarvat arzish qoil nameshavand. Golib onho mumkin ast gushagir boshand, vale dar tanhoi bo tarovishoti fikri ba digaron bahra merasonand.
  2. Agar in peshoni doroi khututi ziyod boshand, in khutut ziyod amiq nestand monandi khati bisyor nozuke ast, ki goh dar peshoni dida meshavand va agar az du taraf mui sarashon kame aqib rafta boshad sohibi maqomi baland va goliban az afrode norohat va inqilobi hastand. Umri onho daroz, doroi tahammul va burdborii ziyod yo mizoji solim. Afrodi notars va boiroda, shurishtalab. Dar sakhtiho muqovimat dorand. Gurusnagi va tashnagi chize nest, ki onhoro az po darovarad va faqat shikasthoi paydarpay dar tazifi onon muassir ast.

Peshonii baromada

            Afrodi pushtikordor, boistiqomat, ammo befikr va damdamimizoj, dar har kore tardid dorand va agar in afrod doroi chashoni buzurg va ravshan boshand tardidi roi onon kamtar, vale bo istiqomat va poydori piruz meshavand.

PESHONII KUCHAK VA FISHURDA

  1. Peshonii kuchak ba on mano ast, ki az hududi boloi abru to farqi sar bisyor kamarz va besh az chand santimetr nest va dar zimni on peshoni doroi chinkhurdagihoi ziyod ast. In afrod kame bohush, ammo mardumoni beistiqomat va buzdil hastand.

Peshonii purchuruk va khathoi ziyod va shuluq afrode tanbal, befikr kamzarf va beistiqomat.

  1. Goho peshoniho badqavora va nojur ast. Qismate az on baromada va qismati digare az on fururafta ast. In qabil peshoniho dalolat bar kamin aql va hush mekunad. Va golib onho pareshoni khayol va zud tahti tasiri giriftoriho qaror megirand, zero hej guna istiqomat va iroda nadorand.

CHASHMON

Dar borai chashmon guftaniho bisyor ast, zero chashm chun oyinae ast, ki vujudi inson dar on mutamarkaz meshavad va tamomi afkor va holat va ravoniro chashm metavonad hikoyat kunad.

CHASHMONi durusht va baromada

Tavajjuh kuned chashmoni durusht bo chashmoni durusht va baromada mutafoit ast. CHashmoni durusht va baromada chashmoni gayritabii ast. Dorandai on  odami shuluq va pursarusado ast. Befikr va zohirbin ast, nametavonad durandesh boshad. Az ozor kardani digaron lazzat mebarad, odami berahm va nodon ast, muboligagu, purharf, khudsito, duruggu, zohirsoz, hillagar, badbin va badkhoh va az kasone ast, ki baroi nafi khud dunyoro ba ham mezanad. Ammo mard boshad shavhari nomunosib va agar zan boshad khiyonatkor va riyokor ast. Az khiyonat rugardon nest. Tajammulparast ast, hatto ba farzandoni khud mehrubon nest va agar ham mehrubon boshad dilsuz nest. 

CHASHMONi durusht va khushtarkib

Sohibi on mardi rostgu va mehrubon, salimulnafs, doroi ehsosoti zarif, zudranj, hamaro dust dorad, nisbat ba hama khushbin ast va zud fireb mekhurad.

CHashmoni kuchak va fururafta

Dorandai in chashm agar fosilai du chashmash kamtar az mamul boshad, olami durui va badjins va zohirsoz va az afrodest, ki nametavonad kasero dust doshta boshad.

CHashmoni bodomshakl

Dorandai in chashm mutamilliq va choplus va riyokor va fikri kutoh va az afrodest, ki bo riyokori va zohirsozi baroi khud dustone faroham mekunad va dorandai in chashm agar chashmonash khele rez boshad dar surate ki gunahoyash baromada boshad az afrodi khatarnok ast, ki boyad az u duri kard.

Laka (khol)-i siyoh

Agar lakai (kholi) siyohe dar chashmi chap yo rost (va yo yake az onho) boshad, doroi sarnavishti talkh va noguvor va zindagii u havodisi vahshatnok hamroh ast va goho ba nestii u tamom meshavad. Ammo ba tavri umum lakai siyoh dar chashmon nishonae az badjinsi va pasti va tabahkorist.

CHashmoni jazzob va giro

In nav chashm dar mard va zan tafovut mekunad.  CHashmoni jazzob va giro dar zanon nishonae az lutf va safoi botin ast. Zanest mehrubon va bo muhabbat va nisbat ba khonavodaash aloqamand, shavhardust, ammo dar mardon nishonai zohirsozi ast. CHunin marde bo chashmoni giroi khud digaronro fireb medihad, rostguy nest. Gayr az durugu tazvir va firebkori pushtibone nadorad.

CHashmoni zebo

CHashmoni zebo, ki fosilai du chashmi onho ziyod ast, afrodi durustkor va rostguy hastand. Ba sharte ki in chashm ziyod durusht naboshad, dar in surat in imtiyoz az u girifta meshavad.

CHashmoni mayub

Dorandai chunin chashmone ki masalan lavch (olus) yo cham boshand mardumoni nodurust va hasud, badbin. Va in yake az daloili mahrumiyat ast. Kasone ki nuqsi uzvi dorand umuman mehrubon va rostgu nestand va nisbat ba digaron hasad mevarzand va kasero dust nadorand.

CHashmoni lavch (olus)

Dorandai chunin chashmon bisyor mehrubon va mardumdust va in az on istisnohost, ki chashmoni lavchro nametavon juzvi chashmoni mayub qaror dod.

YAkCHashm

YAkchashm, ki onro vohidulayn meguyand mardumoni laim va past, badkhoh va ba istiloh bar khilofi soirin, ki dunyoro duto mebinand nisfi jahonro va goliban afrodi ahmaq va nodon va kutohfikr hastand.

Abruvon

  1. Abruvoni purpusht va zakhim.

Ba tavri kulli mardumoni khushbin  va khushmahzar va baraksi onho abruvoni nozuk va kasoni afrode badjins, vale pushtikordoru boiroda hastand. Onho bo in abruvoni kamoni mardumro gul mezanand, vale khudashon beshtar gul mekhurand.

  1. Abruvoni daroz.

Ham mardumone khushbakht hastand, zero na riyokorand va na duruggu. Dorandai chunin abruvon mardumro dust dorand. Dar ijtimooti khonavodagi shukh va bazlagu hastand.

  1. Abruvoni kaj va muavvaj.

Dorandai chunin abruvon mardumone badjins va badkhoh hastand. Ba jahon va avotifi insoni bo didai tamaskhur nigoh mekunand. Hej kasro dust nadorand va az khudashon niz bezorand va az onhoe hastand, ki boyad guft “okhir qadami rost binihi hamajo kaj”.

  1. Abruvoni kutoh va kammuy.

Dorandai chunin abruvon khele ehsosoti hastand, hofizai khube dorand, ammo agar in abruvon ba ham payvast boshand mardumoni hilagar va zohirsoz meshavand.

  1. Abruvoni chaspida ba chashm.

Manzur az in nav abruvon in ast, ki fosilai bayni chashmon va abruvon ba qadre kam ast, ki guy ba ham chaspidaand. Dorandai in nav abru hilagar va purifoda va magrur va khudkhoh.

Abruhoi boholat

Abruvone, ki fosilai az chashm ziyod va mutanosib va ziyodi purmu nest, ammo holati khushe dorad. Goliban mardumoni mehrubon va rostguy hastand.

bini

  1. Binii pahn va musattah.

Odame  shahvoni, purmudao, haris va badakhloq va goliban in qabil biniho bo mardum nametavonand mehrubon boshand.

  1. Binii khobida va baistiloh binii pakh.

Purharf, igroqgu, khandaru va odamhoi bisyor khajul, ki az ijtimoot fosila megirand.

  1. Binii baland.

Doroi sarnavishti durakhshon, sarvatmand va onchiro , ki bikhohand va iroda kunand bo aql va tadbir ba dast meovarand. Onho kamshahvat va agar peshoni khub boshad hamesha dar korho ba piruzi merasand.

  1. Binii sarkaj.

Odamhoi kinaju, badsirisht va badkhoh, huchi va az mardumoni inqilobi hastand, ki agar aqli komil ba kor bibarand dar hama korho piruz meshavand.

  1. Binii baland kame sarkaj boshad.

Mardumone muvaffaq va pursarusado, doroi maqomhoi baland va az kasone hastand, ki agar aqli komil ba kor bibarand dar hama korho piruz meshavand.

  1. Binii kuchak va zarif

Dorandai in bini bisyor mehrubon va khushraftor, shavhari bisyor munosib va vafodor. Ammo agar zan boshad kutahfikr va nodon ast.

  1. Binii nohamvor va nojur.

Dorandai in bini laim va past va molparast, duruggu va zohirsoz va taqriban metavon guft dorandai chunin bini az doshtani bisyore az sifati khub mahrum ast.

Surokhhoi bini

Agar surokhhoi bini gushod va dahonador boshad, mardumoni khashmolud va davogar va pursarusado va dar holati khashm qiyofai tarsnoke ba khud megirand.

Binihoe, ki doroi surokhihoi tange hastand, goliban mardumone ahmaq va soda hastand.

labho

  1. Labi kuluft.

Odami shahvoni, tammo va badchashm va az zumrai mardumone ast, ki nametavonad khushbakhtii kasero bubinad.

  1. Labi borik.

Odame mahjub, mehrubon, sarvatmand va puravlod va rui hamrafta khushbakht, ammo shikaparast ast. Labi bargashta haris va doroi sifati akhloqii nopisand ast. Avval in ki marde ast shahvoni. Baroi zanon dom meafkanad, az lihozi akhloqi marde badkhu va riyokor, duruggu va goliban khatarnok.

Agar qadi in ashkhos kutoh boshad, kase ast, ki baroi donistani asrori digaron pofishori mekunand va az on baroi khud va ba nafi khud bahrabardori menamoyad.

  1. Agar labho ovekhta boshand, odame ast haris va baroi nafi shakhsi dast ba har kore mezanand, har goh labho khele nozuk va ovekhta boshad duruy va mutamalliq, duruggu va riyokor ast.
  2. Labhoi kuchak va jamshuda.

            Sohibi on odame soda va gulkhur ast. CHunin shakhs kutahfikr va zohirbin ast.

            Agar labho har du kuluft boshad doroi du sifati bisyor bad ast, ham shahvoni va ham shikamparast va baroi dastyobi ba in du chiz az hama nav durugguy va hilagari mazoiqa nadorad.

  1. Labhoi pahn va gusturda.

Ba tavre ki ru ba poin mutamoil boshad, dorandai on betoifa va nomehrubon va gayr az khudash kasero dust nadorad.

CHonaho (manah)

chonai kutoh

Odame mayus va beiroda va agar nuki on kame bargashta boshad odame beiroda, kamaql va sadadil, mehrubon va vafodor ast.

CHonai baland va sof doroi ehsosoti baland va khushfitrat va hamesha moil ast vaqti khudro baroi khidmati digaron sarf kunad.

CHonai baland va bargashta

Badjins, tavdor (darundor), riyokor va bo hila va tazvir va metavonad ba maqomi baland birasad. In afrod agar doroi dandonhoi nomurattab boshand afrode khatarnok yo qotil meshavand.

Andomhoi daruni

Ba hamon nisbat, ki indomhoi burun monandi ingushton va tafovuthoi onho va andomhoi chehra hoki az khususiyoti inson ast, andomhoi daruni niz dar in tafovutho dakholat dorand.

Guddahoi daruni

Mutaassifona hamon tavre ki mo tafovuthoi angushtonro metavonem bibinem, guddahoi daruni, ki onho ham korhoe anjom medihand, qobili didan nest va hamin guddaho dar gashoi majorii khuni shomili hurmonhoi makhsuse ast, ki dar rohravhoi tangu toriki khun jori ast va tagyirote dar andomhoi khoriji medihand va naqshi buzurgero dar akhloq va kirdor va tarzi tafakkuri mo bozi mekunand. baze az onho zudguzar va dastai digar hameshagari ast. Holati tasallut dar afrodi faol, ki doroi guddahoi safrovi hastand ba nisbate mutafovit ast va agar mo biguem, ki metavon az rui guddahoi safrovii afrod tiphoi gunogune ba vujud meoyad igroq naguftaem, zero dar baze az in guddahoi safrovi dar badani kasone yoft shuda, ki doroi asobi balgami yo damdami hastand.

Masalan vaqte fel va infioli guddahoi teruid noqis ast yo sust dar akhloq va kirdori mo tagyiroti buzurg medihad. Ammo vaqte guddahoi teruid faol boshad hayajonoti daruni boisi buruzi baze raftorhoi nohinjor megardad va bar khilofi on agar in guddaho kor nakunad va yo kori noqis anjom dihad, holate shabeh ba buhti zindagi  khastagi va beholi ejod mekunad.

To imruz pizishkone paydo shudaand, ki rui ozmoishi guddahoi teruidi tavonistaand dar borai raftor va akhloqi onho qazovat kunand.

Guruhhoi khun

Ajib ast, ki bo in hama tafovutho dar tarkiboti khuni mo niz tafovuthoe vujud dorad. Vaqte vujudi guruhhoi gunoguni khun kashf shud bar asari in kashfi buzurg donistand, ki intiqoli khuni yak guruh dar guruhi digar chi havlnoke ba vujud meovarad.

Lonsar az in roh tavonist chahor guruh khuni mukhtalif dar ashkhos ba dast biyovarad, ki iboratand az guruhhooi O va B, AB va OB. In chahor guruh khun ba tavri tasovi dar afrod dida, nashuda. Ba tavri misol dar Faronsa hisob kardaand, ki bayni sad nafar chihilu se nafar doroi khun az guruhi O va 43 nafar az guruhi AV va yozdah nafari digar az guruhi B va baqiya az guruhi OB hastand. Az on guzashta kashf kardand, ki golib guruhhoi khuni mavrusi va tobei sharoiti ruhii inson ast va boz ham say kardand bidonand oyo bayni dorandagoni khun az yake guruhho az lihozi ravoni yo vogirii bemorii ravoni shabohate vujud dorad yo khayr? Leon Burvul (1607-1666) ravonshinosi faronsavi pas az bist soli zahmat tavonist yak tabaqabandii khos rui guruhhoi insoni ba dast biyovarad.

dorandai khuni guruhi “O”

Odame hassos va mushikof va shadidultasir va musallat bar hama chiz ast, ki onro khulq va khui hamohang nom guzoshtaast.

dorandai khuni guruhi “AV”

Kasest, ki ba osoni dar har nav muhit sozgor meshavad va khele zud bo atrofiyoni khud hamohangi paydo mekunad va onro tipi hamohangi mutamaddin va shahrnishin nom guzoshtaast. 

dorandai khuni guruhi B

Dar barkhurd bo avomili khoriji sahlulvasl va baroi u har nav muhit va akhloq betafovut ast, ki onro mutalavvinulmizoj guyand. 

dorandai khuni guruhi O va B

Ganitar az digaron ast, zero u doroi sifoti gunogun meboshad. Dar ayni hol odame gayrisobit va manfibof va jiddi va doroi akhloqi ifroti (darham, yane ba tavri nogahon az yak holat ba holati digar meoyad). Dar in hol metavon uro mutalavvinulmizoj donist, ammo beshtar avqot dorandai in khun odame khatokor va gohe khatarnok va muzohim meshavad.

Albatta ba vasilai testho metavon sifoti har nav guruhi khunro ba dast ovard. Az ozmoishhoi ziyod in natija ba dast omada, ki bayni 2500 nafar idai ziyode dorandagoni khuni guruhi

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