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Qatori shirkhurhon toqsum

Angushtoni poyi toksumho ham misli juftsumho bo kafshak pushida shudaast. Adadi aigushtonashon dar haryak poy I, 3. 5, 7-toy meshavand, yane toq meboshad. Ba hayvonhoi toqsum zothoi karkadan, zebra, khachir, asp, khar, tapir dokhil meshavand. Dar toqsumkho tanho panjai seyum nagz inkishof yofta, panjahoi phlui rudimentatsiya shudaast.

Az jumla tapir, karkalan va asp az zotkhoi kadimai toksumho msboshand. Tapir 4 panchai pssh va 3 panjai aqib doshta, biniash khartumchashaklu fukash darozi borik ast. Badanash bo muykhoi kutoh pushida shuda, dumi kutokh dorad. Holo 5 namudi tapir malum ast, ki az on 4 namudash dar Amerikai Januby va yak namudash dar janubu sharkii Osis zindagi mekunad. Tapir dar jangalzorhoi botloqi zindagi karda, rastanikhur meboshad.

Gavazn

Karkadankho dar ayni zamon namudhoi kam dorand. Poyi karkadan 3 panja dorad, badanash luch ast. Dar peshona (dar boloi ustukhoni biny) yak yo du barjastagii shokhmonand dorad. Holo karkadankho dar jangalzorhoi Hindustonu Afrika zindagi mekunand.

Asp dar nugi haryak poyash fakat yak angushti misnai nagz inkishofyofta dorad va kafshaki sum az moddan shokhin iborat ast. Ba gayr az aspkhoi khonagi. dar dashthoi Osiyoi Markazy aspi sboim Prjsvalskiy zindagi mekunad. Vay nomi kashfiyotchii khud sayyokhi mashhuri rus N.M. GTrjevalskiyro giriftaast. To nimai asri XIX dar janubihoi Rossmya ham aspkhoi yoboy budand, ki onro garpan menomidand, ki okhirin namunaashro soli 1917 dar janubii Dnepr dar shakli murda yoftand.

Ruyi badani aspkho bo pashmi nisbatan kutokh pushida shudaast. Dar qismi sarashon kokul, dar gardanashon yol va dar dumashon muykhoi darozi qilshakl dorand. Ajdodi vahshii aspho dar ham- vodihoi kushod zindagi mekardand. Onho dar avval 5 va pas 3, holo boshad, yak panja dorand. Imkoniyati az dushman khudro pinhon kardan nadoshtand, binobar pn rohi yagonai khalosiashon — tezdavi (gurekhtan) bud. Dar chunin sharoit zindagi kardan ba sokhti poyhoi aspho tasir kardaast. Pas, dar tez davidan tanho angushti miyona ba zamin merasidu khalos, ammo du panjai digar bevazifa monda, holo on angushtoni takhfifshuda dar ustukhonbandii poy boqi mondaast.

Dar aspho quvvahoi somea va bosira nagz inkishof yoftaast. Medai asp kalon buda, misli medai hayvonhoi kavshazananda ba qismho taqsim nashudaast. Aspi moda dar yak sol yak marotiba nasl medihad. Toycha pas az chand daqiqai tavallud shudanash az pasi modarash ravon meshavad. Aspho gala-gala shuda, zindagi mekunand.

 

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