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Qatori shirkhurhoi juftsum

Qatori shirkhurhoi juftsum – ba zerqatorkhon kafshakunandayu kafshanakunanda judo meshavand. Ahli sum, yo ki angushthoi onho 2 yo 4-toi meshavad va haryak anguptashon gilofak dorad. On gilofaki sum dar vaqti davidan angushtro az zarbyobi muhofizat mekunad.

Ba juftsumhoi kafshanakunanda khuk, bahmut dokhil meshavand. Huki yoboi dar janubii Osiyo. Afrika va Amerika vomekhurad. Bahmut boshad, hayvoni barahnapust buda, hayotashro dar obi kulu daryoho meguzaronad. khurokash rastanihoi obi ast. On beshtar dar qismkhoi tropikii Afrika zindagi karda, bazan ba khushki mebaroyad.

bahmut

Ba guruji chuftsumhon kafshakunanda chorvoi kaloii shokhdor va buzu gusfandon dokhil msshavand. YAke az ajdodi onho barzagovi yoboi turho meboshand, ki dar dashthoi janubi zindagi mekardand, vale 300 sol pesh onho nobud shudaand. Huroki hayvonoti kafshakunanda pas az on, ki dar dahon khoidayu mayda karda meshavad, az sathi dandon ba shikambai kalon dokhil shuda, aztasiri bakteriyahoyu digar mikroorganizmho qisman hazm meshavad. Pas khurok az shikamba ba «kurta» («hazorkhona») meguzarad. Dar Vaqti kafsha kardan khurok az shikam ba sari khalq ba shakli luqmahoi khurdu kalon furu rafta, az nav ba dahon barovarda meshavad. Dar in jo khurok az nav khoidayu furu doda meshavad.

Mo zothoi kafshakunandai chorvoi kaloni shokhdorro ba se guruh (sershir, sergusht va sershiru sergushg) judo mekunem, ki to 600-800 kg vazn doshta, sol to 4-5 hazor litr shir medihand.

Az zothoi gusfandomi romanovi, sigey, qaroquli, hisori, alisvy mahsuloti gusht, ravgan, pashm, pust girifta meshavand.

Los hayvoni kaloni jangali ast, ki dar Avrupoi SHimoli va Sibir zindagi mekunad va bo chor sumi poyash az boloi barfu botloq ba osoni guzashta metavonad. Loshoi nar shokhi shokhrondai ustukhoni dorand. SHokhi kuhnaashon har tiramoh meafgad va bahor ba joyi on shokhi nav mebaroyad. SHokhhoi sabzidaistoda bo pustu muy pushida shudaast.

Gavaznho dar tundra va beshatundra zindagi karda, dar tobiston alaf va zimiston ushna mekhurand. Dar cap shokhhoi serpanja dorand. Onhoro baroi giriftani gusht. shir va pust, inchunin savor shudan, chanakashi parvarish mekunand. Gayr az in dar solhoi okhir az shokhi gavaznho sharbati pantokrin megirand, ki on dorui quvvatbakhsh baroi kalonsolon meboshad. Iichunin ba chuftsumho zarrofa, antilop, ohui khol-khol, shutur dokhil meshavand.

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