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Kashniz (Gashnich) va khususiyati tabobatii on

Kashniz (ba russ. Kinza) va onro inchunin «Gashnich» menomand.  In rastanii mashhur ast, ki onro dar bogho va havliho ziroat mekunand, inchunin namudi sahroi ham meruyadash, vale inash baroi davogi zaiftar ast.

kashniz-gashnich

  Mizojash murakkab-ul-quvvat ast, vale ba qavli Buqrot, sard va khushk meboshad dar darajai duvum, inchunin sard to okhiri darajai avval va to sevum, ammo khushk dar darajai duvum, guftaand. Ba qavli Abujarih, dar darajai sevum khushk va ba qavli SHaykhurrais, khushkii on moil ba andak garmi va ba qavli Jolinus, hamai on moil ba garmi bo javhari garmi sabuk, ki ba zudi ba tahlil meravad va to ba meda namerasad, ki garmii on zohir gardad.

  Hislathoi shifobakhshi on: kashnizi taru tozaashro bikhurand, kame tezi dorad. 35 gramm obi kashnizi tarro binushand, khob meovarad va bukhorhoi badro, ki az qismi poyoni badan bolo mekhesta boshand, nameguzorad, ki onho ba mayna baroyand va dokhili on gardand. Agar ba on sirko poshida bikhurand, in khislatash qavitar megardad. Obi inro dar chashm chakonand, nameguzorad, ki dar on obila damad yo surkhakon baroyad, inchunin zardii chashmro daf mekunad. Kashnizro kufta, bo shiri javonzanon sirishta, yane khamir karda, ba chashm guzoshta bandand, dardi luqqosii onro raf mesozad; va agar bo noni khushk yakjo kufta,ba chashm guzoshta bandand, shilpuqii chashmro, ki az on chashm obrav gashta, moddahoi tezi on mijahoro birezonand, niz darmon meshavad va inchunin dardi chashmro ham sihat mekunad.

  Obi kashnizro dar dahan gardonand, dard va jushishhoi (pukhtani) gunoguni daruni dahanro dur mekunad va dardi dandoni kirmkhurdaro taskin medihad. Kashnizro bikhoyand, buyi sharobro az nafas va az dahan nest megardonad va surati mastshaviro az nushidani sharob past menamoyad.

  Kashnizro nimkufta, ba dandon va milkhoi on bimoland, onhoro mustahkam mekunad va az milki dandon raftani khunro man menamoyad.

  Az kashniz sharob tartib doda, yane obi onro bo shakar yo bo asal shirin karda binushand, yo onro dar ob jush doda, on obro bo qand shirin sokhta binushand, khob meovarad, baroi illathoi siyoh zadani chashm va charkh zadani sar, inchunin baroi mast nashudan az sharobnushi davo meboshad; baroi bemorihoi surfa, ziq-un-nafas, ki hama az garmivu tari boshand, inchunin baroi illati dilbozi (diltapak) foida dorad.

  35 gramm obi onro bo shakar shirin karda biyoshomand, ishtihoro mekushoyad, khob meovarad, illati tukhama, yane bemorii hazm nashuda furomadani gizoro az meda, inchunin bo hamon holat ba qay daf shudani onro shifo mebakhshad.

  Hudi kashnizro khoh tar va khoh khushk bikhurand, khurushi moddai safroro dar badan, ki dahanro talkh va kasro behol megardonad, tah menishinonad, tafsi medaro taskin medihad, shiddati tashnagiro meshikanad, illati qaykuniro kat mekunad, vale quvvati boh, yane iqtidori pushti kamarro sust megardonad va agar bardavom bikhurand, on quvvatro hatgo barham medihad.

  Kashnizro kufta guzoshta bandand, ba on jo az mavzei digari badan rekhta shudan va furomadani moddahoi garmmizoji zararnokro man mekunad; ba varamhoi gunogun guzoshta bandand, onhoro ba zudi tahlil medihad; ba surkhbod guzoshta bandand, onro az pusti badan dar har joe, ki boshad, daf menamoyad. Agar inro bo noni qoq yakjo kufta, ba reshhoi davanda va pahnshavanda, ba quturi pust va khorishhoi badan guzoshta bandand, hamai in illathoro shifo mebakhshad. Kashnizi tarro kufta, bo ordi jav khamir karda, ba khanozer (khukgardan) guzoshta bandand, davo meshavad va hamchunin varamhoi sakhti badfiolro niz tahlil medihad. Agar in kashnizi tari kuftaro bo ordi boqilo khamir karda guzoshta bandand, niz khanozer va hamin guna varamhoro daf mekunad.

  Du pora surb (qurgoshim)-ro bo obi kashniz va ravgani guli surkh ba yakdigar bisoyand va moddaero, ki az in soish hosil gardad, ba saratoni reshgashta va gayri reshgashta batakrori amal bimoland, onro daf megardonand, ki in ozmuda shudaast.

  Miqdori yak bor nushidan az obi kashniz dar yak ruz to 25 gramm ast va az khudi kashniz miqdori khurdanash to 50 gramm meboshad.

  Ba joyi kashniz bargi kuknor va kohuro istemol namoyand, ravost.

  Mizoji tukhmash to darajai duvum sard va khushk ast.

  Tukhmi kashnizro kufta bikhurand, ba dil farah mebakhshad, yane tabro choq mekunad: dil va magzi sarro qavi megardonad va nameguzorad, ki bukhorhoi zararnok az poyoni badan ba mayna baroyand; diltapak (dilbozi) va vasvosro, ki sababashon afzudani moddahoi garmmizoj dar badan boshad, raf mekunad, medaro quvvat mebakhshad, isholro mebandad, beikhtiyor ravon gashtani maniro isloh mekunad va zakhmhoi rohhoi peshobro, ki suzok niz menomand, shifo mebakhshad.

  Az tukhmi kashniz shira kashida, on shira yo onro yak shabonaruz dar ob tar karda, on obro sof namuda biyoshomand, isholi khunin va digar namud isholhoro davo meshavad. Inchunin tukhmi kashnizro to buyash baromadan bitafsonandu bad bikhurand, az garmi tapidani dilro daf mekunad. Agar inro bo mayi pukhtagi bikhurand, maniro paydo mekunad, kirmhoi medaro merezonad va nameguzorad, ki digar bor dar meda kirm paydo shavad.

  Tukhmi inro bikhoyand, buyi sharobro az dahan daf megardonad va nameguzorad, ki az sharob nushidan ba zudi mast shavand.

  Az tukhmi kashniz sharbat tayyor karda biyoshomand, illathoi siyoh zadani chashm va charkh zadani sarro daf mekunad va nushandai in sharbat az maynushi mast namegardad. Va agar in tukhmro yak shabonaruz dar sirko tar karda, bad kufta, kaf zada bikhurand, niz khislathoi bolo nombarshudaro dorad.

  Agar in tukhmro kufta guzoshta bandand, dardi sarro, ki az garmi boshad, zud taskin medihad. Inro kufta, bo mayi pukhtagi bikhurand, mani tavlid mekunad, kirmhoi medaro merezonad va nameguzorad, ki onho digar paydo shavand. Agar inro bo asal va ravgani zaytun daromekhta bikhurand, jushishhoi dar pusti badan ba amalomadaro shifo mebakhshad, reshi badtarinro, ki nori forsi menomand, inchunin monandi in reshhoro daf menamoyad.

  Dar omadi gap bifahmonem, ki mayi pukhtagi on ast, ki obi angurro jushonida, bad dar zarfe nigoh medorand, to on ki khud ba khud ba jush oyad, yane may gardad hamin mayi pukhtagi nom dorad.

  Tukhmi kashnizro kufta biposhand, khuni jarohatro, ki ravon boshad, mebandad, yane man mekunad.

  Mikdori yak bor khurdan az tukhmi kashniz dar yak ruz az 12,5 to 25 gramm ast. Agar in yoft nashavad, ba joyash tukhmi kohuro metavon istifoda namud. Agar az in ziyod to 100 gramm az khudi kashniz va obi onro in mikdor biyoshomand, zarar dorad, yane faromushkhotir mekunad, zehnro kund megardonad, illathoi khoboludi va siyohzanii chashmro pabdo mekunad, ovozro megirad, maniro kam megardonad, pushti kamarro sust mesozad, olati mardiro az harakat bozmedorad, hayzi zanhoro niz kam megardonad va az badani oshomanda buyi kashniz meoyad. Iloji hamai in zararhoyash: badi on ki qay mekunand va darunro meronand, zardii tukhmi murgi nimpukhtaro bo murchu namak va shurboi murgi farbeh, ki bo nakhudu lubiyo pukhta boshand, khurdan ast.

  Inchunin kashniz ba odamoni illati damkutahi va ziq-un-nafas doshta ziyon mekunad. Inro bo khurdani tukhmi murgi nimpukhta, sharbatho va sirkoi bihiro bo asal yo bo shakar shirin karda biyoshomand, isloh mekunad.

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