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Kafolathoi davlatii barobarhuquqii mardonu zanon

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

Dar borai kafolathoi davlatii barobarhuquqii mardonu zanon va imkoniyathoi barobari amaligardonii onho

    (Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston soli 2005, №3, mod. 129)

Bo Qarori Majlisi namoyandagoni Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston az 15-umi dekabri soli 2004, № 1277 (Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, № 12 (qismi 3), soli 2004, moddai 712) qabul gardidaast.

Bo Qarori Majlisi millii Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston az 11-umi fevrali soli 2005, № 603 (Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, № 2, soli 2005, moddai 79) jonibdori gardidaast.

mardu-zan

Qonuni mazkur munosibathoi oid ba tamini kafolathoi konstitutsionii barobarhuquqii mardonu zanonro dar sohai ijtimoi, siyosi, farhangi va digar sohaho ba tanzim medarorad, huquqpoymolkuniro az rui alomati jinsi peshgiri mekunad va amaligardonii imkoniyathoi barobarhuquqii onhoro muqarrar menamoyad.

BOBI 1. QOIDAHOI  UMUMI

Moddai 1. Mafhumhoi asosi

Dar Qonunimazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda shudaand:

gender, genderi –munosibathoi ijtimoii bayni mardonu zanon, ki dar hayoti jamiyati, az jumla huquq, ideologiya, farhang zohir megardad;

siyosati genderi – faoliyati davlati va jamiyatie, ki ba tamini barobarii munosibathoi mutaqobilai mardon va zanon ravona shudaast;

barobarhuquqi – huquq, uhdadori va masuliyati barobari  mardon va zanon dar nazdi qonun;

barobarii genderi – barobarii vazi huquqii mardonu zanon va imkoniyathoi barobari amaligardonii onho, ki ba hardu jins ozodona inkishof dodani qobiliyati tavonoi, mahorat va malakaashonro baroi ishtirok dar ravandi siyosi, iqtisodi, ijtimoi, farhangi va azkhudkunii natijai on imkoniyat medihad;

– imkoniyati barobar – tamini sharoiti yakkhela baroi amaligardonii huquqi mardonu zanon mutobiqi Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston, qonunhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston, hamchunin az rui prinsiphoi umumii etirofshuda va meyorhoi huquqii baynalmilali;

– poymolkunii huquq (diskriminatsiya) – har guna tafovut, istisno yo mahdudgardoni az rui alomati jinsi, ki ba past kardan yo etirof nakardani huququ ozodihoi mardonu zanon dar sohai siyosi, iqtisodi, ijtimoi, farhang va digar sohaho ravona karda shudaast.

Moddai 2. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai kafolathoi davlatii barobarhuquqii mardonu zanon va imkoniyathoi barobari amaligardonii onho

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai tamini kafolathoi davlatii barobarhuquqii mardonu zanon va imkoniyathoi barobari amaligardonii onho ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az hamin Qonun, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqi va sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalii etirofkardai Jumhurii Tojikiston iborat ast.

Moddai 3. Mani poymolkunii huquq

Poymol kardani huquqi mardonu zanon man ast.

Vayronkunii prinsipe, ki ba barobarii genderi asos yoftaast, (guzaronidani siyosati davlati yo sodir kardani amaliyoti digare, ki mardonu zanonro az rui jins dar mavqei nobarobar qaror medihad), poymolkunii huquq  shumorida meshavad va boyad bo tartibi muqarrarkardai Qonuni mazkur bartaraf karda shavad.

CHorahoi zerin poymolkunii huquq nameboshand;

– chorahoi makhsusi hifzi salomatii mardonu zanon;

– muhofizati makhsusi zanon vobasta ba homiladori va tavalludi kudak;

– chorahoi amali gardonidani nuqtahoi Qonuni mazkur.

Moddai 4. Vazifai maqomoti hokimiyati davlati dar tamini imkoniyathoi barobari mardonu zanon (barobarii genderi)

Maqomoti hokimiyati davlati dar doirai salohiyati khud vazifadorand:

– omuzishi genderii khizmatchiyoni davlatii hamai maqomotro tavassuti sistemai tayyorkuni va aznavtayyorkunii kadrhoi dastgohi idorahoi davlati muntazam ba roh monand;

– baroi amaligardonii imkoniyati barobari mardonu zanon, az on jumla ba vositai qabuli sanadhoi meyorii huquqi, ehyo va ejod kardani rasmu oin va guzaronidani chorabinihoi digari mushakhkhas, bartaraf namudani sababu sharthoi ba barobarhuquqii komil khalalrasonanda musoidat namoyand;

– barnomahoi makhsusi rafi poymolkunii huquqi shahrvandonro az rui jins tahiya va dar hayot jori namoyand;

– ba barnomahoi davlati oid ba tamini huquqhoi konstitutsionii shahrvandon, mustahkam kardani poydorii jomea va naqshahoi mintaqavii amaliyot oid ba inkishofi sohai ijtimoi, dar barobari digar choraho, inchunin chorahoi tamini barobarii genderiro hamroh kunand.

Moddai 5. Ishtiroki barobari mardonu zanon dar idorakunii davlati

Davlat ishtiroki barobari mardonu zanonro dar idorakunii davlati kafolat medihad. Davlat barobarii mardonu zanonro dar shokhahoi qonunguzori, ijroiya va sudii hokimiyati davlati bo tarzu vositahoi huquqi, tashkili va gayra tamin menamoyad.

Moddai 6. Kafolathoi davlatii tamini imkoniyathoi barobari mardonu zanon dar sohai maorif va ilm

Muassisahoi maorif va ilmii hamai shaklhoi molikiyat vazifadorand:

– ba mardonu zanon baroi tahsiloti asosii umumi, miyonai kasbi va oli, hamai namudhoi talimi kasbi va takmili ikhtisos, ishtirok dar ravandi talimi va ilmi sharoiti barobar faroham ovarand;

– kurshoi makhsusi talimi genderi jori namuda, ba inkishofi tahqiqot baroi masalahoi barobarhuquqii mardonu zanon, marifatnokii genderii shahrvandon musoidat kunand;

– barnomahoi talimi va kitobhoi darsiero, ki targibi poymolkunii huquqro az rui jins istisno menamoyand, istifoda barand;

– baroi dukhtaroni nohiyahoi kuhiston, dehot hangomi dokhil shudan va davom dodani tahsil dar muassisahoi talimii oli va miyonai kasbi sharoiti imtiyoznok muhayyo namoyand.

Amali in modda jarayoni talim va takmili ikhtisosi muassisahoi talimii harbiro niz faro megirad.

Moddai 7. Bahisobgirii vaziyati oilavii mardonu zanon hangomi ijroi vazifahoi khizmati va mehnati

Hangomi qabul ba kor, boloravi dar khizmat, talimi kasbi, muqarrar namudani nizomi mehnat, inchunin az kor ozod kardani kormandon, az jumla khizmatchiyoni davlati, talaboti qonunguzori oid ba huquq va kafolathoi mardonu zanon va vaziyati oilavi boyad ba nazar girifta shavad.

Korfarmo vazifador ast baroi mardonu zanon, az on jumla vobasta ba tanaffusi ijozatdodai qonunguzori dar faoliyati mehnati, rukhsatii homiladori, tavallud va nigohubini tifl, adoi khizmati harbi tibqi davat, ijroi digar vazifahoi davlati sistemai bozomuzi va takmili ikhtisos doshta boshad.

BOBI 2. KAFOLATHOI DAVLATI OID BA TAMINI IMKONIYATHOI BAROBARI MARDONU ZANON HANGOMI AMALI GARDONIDANI HUQUQI INTIHOBOT

Moddai 8. Tamini imkoniyathoi barobari ishtiroki mardonu zanon dar intikhobot

Sistemai intikhobot dar Jumhurii Tojikiston ba mardonu zanon baroi ishtirok dar ravandi siyosi huquqhoi barobari intikhobot va kafolathoi onro tamin menamoyad.

Moddai 9. Tamini imkoniyathoi barobari mardonu zanon hangomi tashkili komissiyahoi intikhobot

Hangomi tashkili hayati Komissiyai markazii intikhobot va raypursii Jumhurii Tojikiston, komissiyahoi viloyati, shahri, nohiyavi, havzavi va uchastkavii intikhoboti prinsipi konstitutsionii barobarii huquq va barobarii imkoniyathoi mardon va zanon ba asos girifta meshavad.

BOBI 3. KAFOLATHOI TAMINI IMKONIYATHOI BAROBARI

MARDONU ZANON DAR SOHAI HIZMATI DAVLATI

Moddai 10. Tamini imkoniyathoi barobari mardonu zanon hangomi qabul ba khizmati davlati va adoi khizmat

Hangomi qabul ba  khizmati davlati, inchunin adoi  on ba muqarrar kardani yagon khel mahdudiyati bavosita yo bevosita yo afzaliyati vobasta ba jins roh doda nameshavad.

Rohbaroni maqomoti davlati, shakhsoni mansabdori dakhldor vazifadorand qabuli barobari shahrvandonro ba khizmati davlati muvofiqi qobiliyat va tayyorii kasbi novobasta ba jinsiyati dovtalab tamin namoyand.

Baroi ishgoli vazifahoi kholi dar maqomoti davlati, ki bo rohi guzaronidani ozmunho surat megirad, ishtiroki mardonu zanon bo sharthoi barobar tamin karda meshavad.

Ba elon kardani ozmunho tanho baroi namoyandagoni yak jins roh doda nameshavad.

Moddai 11. Tamini ishtiroki barobari mardonu zanon  dar ozmunho baroi ishgoli vazifaho dar khizmati davlati

Ozmunho baroi ishgoli vazifahoi kholi dar khizmati davlati az jonibi maqomoti davlati guzaronida meshavand.

Ba zimmai khadamoti kadrhoi maqomoti davlati vazifai ba komissiyahoi ozmunho ba gayr az hujjatho dar borai tahsilot va tayyorii kasbii shakhsoni ishtirokchii ozmun va peshnihod namudani digar malumote, ki qonun talab mekunad, inchunin dalelho dar borai tanosubi shumorai mardonu zanoni korkunanda dar vazifahoi dakhldori maqomoti davlati guzoshta meshavad.

CHunin malumot az jonibi hadamoti kadrhoi maqomoti davlati hangomi halli masalahoi attestatsiyai  khizmatchiyoni davlati, boloravi dar khizmat, ziyod kardani maosh peshnihod karda meshavand.

BOBI 4. KAFOLATI TAMINI IMKONIYATHOI BAROBAR BAROI MARDONU ZANON DAR SOHAI IJTIMOI – IQTISODI

Moddai 12. Vazifai maqomoti hokimiyati davlati, khudidorakunii mahalli oid ba tamini barobarhuquqii mardonu zanon dar sohai ijtimoi – iqtisodi

Maqomoti hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti khudidorakunii mahalli va rohbaroni tashkilotho, novobasta az shakli molikiyat vazifadorand barobar dastras budani zakhirahoi iqtisodii jamiyatro baroi mardonu zanon, az jumla dastras budani amvoli manqul va gayrimanqul, zamin, doroii moliyavi, kreditho, hamchunin faoliyati sohibkorii ozod, digar khel faoliyati bo sanadhoi qonunguzori mannashudaro tamin namoyand.

Moddai 13. Musoidat ba barobarii genderi dar munosibathoi mehnati

Bo maqsadi musoidat kardan ba barobarii genderi dar munosibathoi mehnati korfarmo (rohbari maqomi davlati, tashkilothoi hamai shaklhoi molikiyat) korhoi zaylro ba jo meovarad:

– baroi mardonu zanon hangomi bastani shartnomahoi mehnati imkoniyathoi barobar muhayyo menamoyad;

– ba mardonu zanon joyhoi (vazifahoi) kholii korro barobar dastras megardonad;

– baroi mardonu zanon  hangomi ijroi kori yakkhela yo kore, ki qimatash barobar ast, muzdi mehnati (mukofoti) barobar medihad;

– baroi takmili ikhtisos, bozomuzi, boloravi dar khizmat imkoniyati barobar muhayyo menamoyad;

– sharoiti yakkhelai bekhatarii mehnatro, ki baroi hayot va salomatii ham mardon va ham zanon zarur ast, tamin menamoyad.

Moddai 14. Isboti qasdan poymolkunii huquq az rui jinsiyat

Dar surati barrasii bahsi  mehnati binobar poymolkunii ehtimolii huquq az rui jins dar sud yo maqomi digar tibqi davoi kormand yo ittifoqi kasaba va ittihodiyai digari jamiyati, ki manfiati kormandro himoya mekunad, garonii isboti nabudani qasdi poymolkunii huquq ba zimmai korfarmo meaftad.

Moddai 15. Kafolati barobarii genderi dar mavridi ba tavri ommavi az kor ozodkunii kormandon

Dar surati ba tavri ommavi az kor ozod namudani korgaroni tashkilot boyad tanosubi shumorai mamulii kormandoni in tashkilotu muassisaho az rui jinsho rioya karda shavad.

Moddai 16. Ba shartnoma va sozishnomahoi kollektivi vorid kardani chorahoi tamini imkoniyathoi barobari mardonu zanon

Hangomi tanzimi munosibathoi ijtimoiyu mehnati tavassuti shartnoma va sozishnomahoi kollektivi ba onho vorid kardani nuktahoe hatmist, ki barobarhuquqi va imkoniyathoi barobari mardonu zanon, behtar namudani sharoitro baroi mutobiq gardondani uhdadorihoi kasbi va oilavii onho tamin namoyad.

Maqomoti ittifoqhoi kasaba va ittihodiyahoi onho, digar namoyandagoni kormandon, korfarmoyon va ittihodiyahoi onho, maqomoti vakolatdori davlati vazifadorand rafti ijroi in shartnomayu sozishnomahoro nazorat namoyand.

Moddai 17. Mushohidahoi nazorati  (monitoring) oid ba rioyai  barobarhuquqii mardonu zanon va imkoniyathoi barobari amaligardonii onho dar sohai ijtimoi – iqtisodi

Maqomi vakolatdori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston bo maqsadi tahlili sistemanoki vazi tamini barobarhuquqi va imkoniyathoi barobari mardonu zanon dar sohai ijtimoi -iqtisodi, peshguii  tagyiri vaz, dar mavridi zarurat, baroi tahiyai chorahoi peshgiri va rafi dalelhoi poymolkunii huquq az rui jins, inchunin baroi tayyor namudani taklifho oid ba tashkili barnomahoi ijtimoii davlati ba tamini imkoniyathoi barobari mardonu zanon dar in soha mushohidai (monitoringi) doimi tashkil menamoyad.

Natijai mushohidahoi nazorati dar vositahoi akhbori omma inikos karda meshavad.

BOBI 5. MEHANIZMI TAMINI KAFOLATHOI DAVLATII BAROBARHUQUQII MARDONU ZANON VA IMKONIYATHOI BAROBARI AMALIGARDONII ONHO

Moddai 18. Salohiyati Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar tamini barobarhuquqii  mardonu zanon va imkoniyathoi barobari amaligardonii onho

Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar tamini barobarhuquqii mardonu zanon va imkoniyathoi barobari amaligardonii onho dar doirai salohiyati khud:

– maqomoti vakolatdori davlatii tamini taraqqiyoti genderiro dar Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan menamoyad;

– siyosati yagonai davlatiro dar bobati noil shudan ba barobarii ijtimoii mardonu zanon dar hamai sohahoi hayoti jamiyati muayyan mekunad va ijroi onro tamin menamoyad;

– barnomahoi maqsadnoki (sohavii) jumhuriyaviro dar bobati tamini barobarhuquqii jinsho tartib medihad va ijroi onhoro tamin mekunad;

– faoliyati maqomoti ijroiyai hokimiyati davlati va maqomoti khudidorakunii mahalli dar bobati himoya va tamini barobarhuquqii mardonu zanon, masalahoi intikhob kardan va ba mansabhoi masuliyatnok tain namudani zanon, tarbiyai nasli navrasi kadrhoi rohbarikunandaro, az jumlai zanonu dukhtaron ba roh memonad va nazorat mekunad.

Moddai 19. Salohiyati maqomi vakolatdori davlatii tamini taraqqiyoti genderi  dar Jumhurii Tojikiston

Maqomi vakolatdori davlatii tamini taraqqiyoti genderi dar Jumhurii Tojikiston dar doirai salohiyati khud rioyai Qonunimazkurro mushohida menamoyad va hisoboti harsolaro oid ba rioyai Qonuni mazkur dar vositahoi akhbori omma nashr mekunad.

Moddai 20. Ishtiroki ittihodiyahoi jamiyati dar tamini barobarhuquqii mardonu zanon  va imkoniyathoi barobari amaligardonii onho

Ittifoqhoi kasaba va digar ittihodiyahoi jamiyati, az jumla ittihodiyahoi jamiyatie, ki bo maqsadi amaligardonii prinsipi konstitutsionii barobarhuquqi va imkoniyathoi barobari mardonu zanon tashkil yoftaand, huquq dorand:

– dar tahiyai qarorhoi maqomoti hokimiyati davlati va maqomoti khudidorakunii mahalli oid ba masalahoi tamini imkoniyathoi barobarii mardonu zanon dar sohai ijtimoi – iqtisodi ishtirok namoyand;

– dar sudho va digar maqomoti davlati az nomi mardonu zanon namoyandagi va huquqhoyashonro himoya kunand.

Moddai 21. Nazorati davlatii rioyai qonunguzori oid ba barobarhuquqii mardonu zanon  va imkoniyathoi barobari   amaligardonii  onho

Nazorati rioyai daqiq va ijroi yakkhelai sanadhoi qonunguzori va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqi, ki baroi tamini barobarhuquqii mardonu zanon va imkoniyathoi barobari amaligardonii onho ravona gardidaand, az jonibi Prokurori generali va prokurorhoi tobei on ba amal barovarda meshavad.

Moddai 22. Javobgari baroi vayron kardani Qonuni mazkur

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi, ki talaboti Qonuni mazkurro vayron mekunand, tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

Moddai 23. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston                          E.Rahmonov

            sh. Dushanbe  1 marti soli 2005

            № 89_____________________

 

 

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