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KUVEZ

kuvezKUVEZ, olatest baroi ba vujud ovardani harorat, namnoki va tarkibi havoi muvofiq (inkubatori tibbi) yo nigoh doshtani haror. doimii badan (katcha – garmkunak). Baroi parvarishu nigohubini navzodone, ki ravandi tanzimi harorat dar onho khalal yoftaast, istifoda megardad, mas., afgona, kudakoni vaznashon kam, inkishofashon sust, bemor (pnevmoniya, osebi darunii kosakhonai sar va g.).
K. filizi buda, bo tajhizoti barqi va sarpushi shaffof mujahhaz gashtaast; dar zeri sarpush harorat, namnoki va tarkibi havo ba tavri avtomati yak khel nigoh doshta meshavad. Bisyor K.-ho dar boloi arobachai makhsus nasb shudaand. Dar K. harorati havoro vobasta ba vazn, sin va holati salomatii kudak muqarrar mekunand, yane az 32 to 36° (hangomi in harorati tani kudak boyad 35,8 – 36,5° boshad). Dar ruzhoi avvali hayoti kudak namii nisbii havo dar hududi 90 – 95% nigoh doshta shuda, minbad onro tadrijan ba 55 – 60% (dar okhiri haftai avvali hayot) merasonand. Miqdori oksigen naboyad az 40% ziyod boshad, vagarna rukh namudani fibroplaziyai pasibuluraki (osebi vaznini asabi bosira va zujojiyai chashm), ki boisi nobinoi meshavad, az ehtimol dur nest.
Kamerai shaffof, ki dar on kudakro nigoh medorand, qablan bo mahlulhoi antiseptiki va afkanishoti ultrabunafsh gandzudoi karda meshavad. SHaffof budani devorai kamera imkon medihad, ki holati kudakro nazorat kunand. Baroi nigohubini kudak va doruyu darmon kardani u devorahoi pahluii kamera surokhihoi makhsus dorand, ki kushoda va pushida meshavand. Muhlati dar K. nigahdori shudani kudak, odatan, az 2 – 3 ruz to 1 – 2 hafta ast. Badi har 3 – 4 ruz K.-ro ivaz va gandzudoi mekunand. Kudake, ki salomatiash khub va vaznash 1600 – 1800 g shudaast, ba katcha-garmkunak guzaronda meshavad. Vay tagorachai makhsusi iborat az shishai organiki buda, bo garmkunaki barqi mujahhaz ast (haror. dokhili on 28 – 29° meboshad). Vobasta ba behtar gashtani holati kudak, haroratro tadrijan past mekunand. Pas az barqaror gashtani tanzimi harorat va inkishof yoftani kudak (vazni na kamtar az 1900 g) uro ba katchai muqarrari mekhobonand.

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