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KUBRO

kubroKUBRO (Naja oxiana), yak nav mor. K. hangomi qahr seyaki jasadi peshi khudro rost mebardorad va gardanashro ba shakli kafi dast vase mekunad. Dar qismi peshi jogi bolo dandonhoi kaloni zahrnok dorad. Daroziash to 180 sm; dar domanakuhho (to 1600 m az s. b.), vodiho, daraho, bayni sangho, buttayu, kharobazor, tuqayho, lonai khoyandaho, zindagi mekunad. K. nagz shino karda, ba darakht mebaroyad. Dar nimai duyumi ruz va shom faol ast; vaqti garmii ruzro dar soya va khilvatgoh meguzaronad. Hangomi ba odam duchor shudan, kushish mekunad, ki pinhon shavad. Gizoi K. obkhokiho, khoyandaho, tukhmi parrandaho, bazan khudi parrandaho meboshand. Az 8 to 45 tukhm meguzorad; morbachaho avg. – sent. az tukhm mebaroyand.
Az zahri K. mushakho va uzvhoi gunogun falaj meshavand; on ba vositai khun metavonad ba meda va luobpardai chashm tasir rasonad.
Az zahri K. nayaksin (Naiaxinum) nom doru tahiya mekunand. Onro ba zeri pust yo ba mushak ruze 1 marotiba mefiristand. Tazriqi doruro az 0,2 ml sar karda, voyaro tadrijan 0,1 – 0,2 ml meafzoyand. Fosilai bayni har marotibai tazriq 1 – 3 ruz ast. Voyai yakdafagii beshtarini doru baroi tazriq 2 ml meboshad. YAk davri muolija az 12 to 20 tazriq iborat ast. Muolijaro badi 4 hafta metavon takror kard. Nayaksin dar shakli ampula (1 ml) istehsol meshavad. Ba ruykhati doruhoi guruhi A mansub ast. Onro dar joi salqin va torik nigoh medorand.

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