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KRAHMAL

krahmalKRAHMAL, ohar, nishasta, angishtobi asosii zakhiravii rastaniho; formulai umumiash (C6H10O5)n. Dar ob hal nameshavad; bo yod rangi kabudi baland hosil mekunad. Hangomi gidrolizi nopurrai K. dekstrinho va dar asnoi gidrolizi purra – glyukoza hosil meshavand. K. dar unsurhoi hujayra (khloroplastho va amiloplastho) hosil va dar tukhm, piyozak, lundak, inchunin dar bargu poya zakhira meshavad. Hususan birinj, juvorimakka, gandum, bekhi, kartoshka az K. boyand. K. va hosilai on dar sanoati khurokvori (istehsoli hasib, qannodi), dar tib, sanoati dorusozi (istehsoli antibiotikho, vitaminho va g.), sohahoi sanoati bofandagi va istehsoli kogaz istifoda meshavand. Onro asosan dar shakli khoka, yakjoya bo okisi ruh yo talq kor mefarmoyand. Luobi K. baroi imola niz korbast meshavad (bo maqsadi muhofizati luobpardaho az tasiri omilhoi angezishovar va sust namudani jabbishi doruho).

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