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KOSNi

kosniKOSNi (Cichorium intybus), kosnich, shiri kharak, giyohest bisyorsola. Az 30 to 150 sm qad mekashad. Poyai rosti sershokh, bargi parmonand, gultudai sabadak, guli nilgun yo kabud dorad. Az bahor to tiramoh gul mekunad. Odatan dar kanori rud, roh, bogu sahro, zaminhoi partovu bekorkhobida, gallazoru yunuchqazor meruyad. Dar hama nohiyahoi jumhuri vomekhurad.
K. giyohi doruist. Hosiyati shifobakhshii on ba tabiboni nomi Farskal, Goratsiy, Teofrast, Jolinus malum bud. Abualii Sino K.-ro baroi tabobati nuqsonhoi dilu jigar va uzvhoi hozima istifoda mekard. Bino ba malumoti «Makhzanu-l-adviya» K. qabziyatro mekushoyad, ba jigar tasiri musoid merasonad, rohhoi peshob va gurdaro toza mekunad. Jushobi reshai K.-ro hangomi zardparvin va obkhura istifoda mebarand. Jushobi shokhcha, barg, gul va reshai on baroi tabobati tablarzai muzmin va shadid, obkhura, illati sipurz, varami dastu po tavsiya shudaast.
Dar tibbi khalqii tojikon K.-ro az qadim kor mefarmoyand. Bo obzani on kudakonro hangomi oftobzadagi tabobat menamoyand. Hokistari K.-ro ba qaymoq omekhta ba shukufa, zakhmu jarohat memoland. SHirai K.-i sabz baroi muolijai varaja istifoda meshud. K. baroi iloji bemorihoi jigar va zardparvin mufid ast. Baroi in 40 g (4 chumcha) bargu poyai khushk yo 200 g (2 chumcha) reshai maydakardai onro dar 1l ob 30 daqiqa jushonda, ruze 2 – 3 marotiba ¼ istakon menushand. Jushobi guli K. va bobunaro baroi darmoni nuqsonhoi gurda, sipurz, jigar va meda ba kor mebarand. SHirai K. dardi shikamro taskin mebakhshad; reshai taraki onro hangomi isholi khunin istemol mekunand. Tukhmi K. hamchun davoi tabshikan va araqovar mashhur ast. Sokinoni Darvozu Qarotegin bargi K.-ro kufta ba omosho mebandand. Dar tibbi muosir reshai K. baroi muolijai diabet va illati hozima ba kor meravad. Ba aqidai tabiboni khalqi resha yo tukhmi K.-ro dar ob jushonda, on obro dar dahon gardonand, dardi dandonro taskin medihad. Bargi onro kufta, bo ordi jav khamir sokhta guzoshta bandand, dilboziro, ki az garmi boshad, shifo mebakhshad. K.-ro bikhurand, girehi jigarro mekushoyad, zardparvin va istisqoi garmro shifo mebakhshad, girehhoi raghoro mekushoyad, jigarro quvvat medihad. Bargi tar, tukhm, gul va reshai K.-ro dar ob jushonda on obro binushand, illathoi sipurzro shifo mebakhshad, varami dastu poro ba ibro meorad.
Ad.: Kovaleva N. G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A. D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh primenenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A. F., Grom I. I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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