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KONYUNKTIVIT

konyuktivitKONYUNKTIVIT, iltihobi multahima, gazak giriftani luobpardai pilkho va guzai chashm. Ba tasiri omilhoi gunoguni beruna – mikrobho va virushoi kasaliovar, inchunin tasiroti fizikiyu khimiyavi dastars budani pilki chashm boisi ba vujud omadani K. megardad. Havoi oluda bo changu gubor, binohoi dudolud, dar nimtoriki kor kardan, ba chashm zur ovardan, bo yorii aynak isloh nakardani nuqsonhoi bosira (alalkhusus astigmatizm va durbini), bemorii bini va gulu, uzvhoi hozima, vayron shudani mubodilai moddaho, mayzadagi va g. ba inkishofi K. madad merasonand. K. shadid va muzmin meshavad.
K.-i shadid mamulan siroyati buda, zeri tasiri mikrobho va virusho rukh medihad. Ba K. qarib hamesha har du chashm barobar giriftor meshavad. K. bo alomathoi ashkrezi, rushnoitarsi, lavvos va sikh zadani chashm, varamidani pilkho, ob giriftan va surkh shudani pilki chashm padid meoyad; az chashm khilm baromada, shabongoh dar mijaho shakh shuda memonad, pilkhoro ba hamdigar mechasponad. K. ahyon-ahyon bo zukom va betobii umumi – sardard, bekhobi, tab jarayon megirad. Alomathoi K. bazan chandon baralo zohir nameshavand – pilki chashm sahl surkh shuda, kame khilm (chirk) mekunad, pagohiho dar gushai daruni chashm khilm shakh shuda memonad. Faromush naboyad kard, ki K.-i az asari mikrobu virusho paydoshuda guzaranda ast. Hangomi rukh dodani avvalin nishonahoi K. ba dukhtur murojiat kardan lozim. CHashmro basta mondan mumkin nest, zero in boisi afzoishi mikrobho gashta, ba illati qarniya musoidat mekunad. Barobari jam shudani khilm onro bo pakhta va obi jushonidai khunuk meshuyand (az tarafi kunji beruni chashm ba sui darun). Dar mavridi K.-i siroyatii shadid doruhoi ziddibakteriyavi naf dorand. Ammo onhoro az rui tainot va tahti nazorati dukhtur ba kor burdan lozim. Be ijozati dukhtur muolijaro qat kardan (hatto dar surati az bayn raftani nishonahoi zohiri) mumkin nest, vagarna bemori tul kashida kuhna meshavad.
K.-i muzmin batadrij sar meshavad, pilkho vaznin gashta, lavos va sikh mezanand. Bemor gumon mekunad, ki ba chashmash reg daromadaast. Begohiho in alomatho afzuda, bo charog kor kardanro dushvor megardonand. Dar asnoi K.-i muzmin pilki chashm chandon tagyir nameyobad: on kame surkh va shakhshul meshavad, chashm andake khilm mekunad. Jarayoni K.-i muzmini bardavomu muntazam ast, bemori goh sihat shuda, goh az nav shiddat meyobad.
Muolijai K.-i muzmin asosan az rafi sababi on iborat ast. Agar zarur boshad, bemorihoi umumiro tabobat mekunand. Nuqsonhoi bosiraro tavassuti aynak isloh menamoyand. Hangomi kor badi har 30 daq. ba chashmho 5 – 10 daq. oromi lozim ast. Doruhoi obakii rafi dard, ki onhoro dukhtur tain mekunad, khele manfiatbakhsh meboshand.
Dar mavridi K.-i shadidi siroyati mikrobhoi kasaliangez mamulan ba vositai chizu chora (rakhti khob, sachoq, ruymolu ruymolcha)-i bo khilmi chashmi bemor oludashuda meguzarand. Bisyor vaqt chashm az dastoni chirkin siroyat meyobad. Hangomi dar yak tagorai umumi dasturu shustan ham K. siroyat mekunad. Angezandai K.-ro magasho niz pahn menamoyand. Binobar in baroi peshgirii bemorii ommavi rioya namudani behdoshti shakhsi (sachoq va rakhti khobi alohida, zud-zud shustani dast), nest kardani magasho nihoyat muhim ast. Baroi peshgirii K. tozagii havo, ravshanii mutadili joi kor va g. niz mufidand. Dar mavridi ikhtiloli bosira boyad sarivaqt aynak girift.

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