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QONUN DAR BORAI HOJAGII DEHQONI (FERMERI)

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON  DAR BORAI HOJAGII DEHQONI (FERMERI)

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, s. 2016, №3, mod. 142)

Qonuni mazkur asoshoi huquqi, iqtisodi, tashkilii faoliyati khojagii dehqoni (fermeri) va huququ uhdadorihoi azoi onro muayyan namuda, ba faroham ovardani sharoiti musoid baroi rushdi faoliyati khojagidorii mazkur ravona shudaast.

BOBI 1. MUQARRAROTI UMUMI

Moddai 1. Mafhumhoi asosi

Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda meshavand:

xojagii-dehqoni

–   khojagii dehqoni (fermeri) (minbad – khojagii dehqoni) – subekti sohibkori, ki dar on istehsol, nigohdori, korkard va furushi mahsuloti kishovarzi ba faoliyati shakhsii yak nafar yo faoliyati yakjoyai guruhi shakhsoni voqei dar qitai zamin va molu mulki ba onho taalluqdoshta asos yoftaast;

azoi khojagii dehqoni – shahrvandoni Jumhurii Tojikiston, ba istisnoi mahdudiyathoe, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar namudaast.

Moddai 2. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai khojagii dehqoni

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai khojagii dehqoni ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro etirof kardaast, iborat meboshad.

Moddai 3. Huquq ba tasisi khojagii dehqoni va shaklhoi on

  1. Ba tasisi khojagii dehqoni tanho shahrvandoni qobili amali Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki ba sinni 18 rasidaand, huquq dorand.
  2.  Hojagii dehqoni bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston az tarafi yak nafar yo guruhi shakhsoni voqei dar shaklhoi zerin tasis doda meshavad:

–   be tasisi shakhsi huquqi, bo shumorai az 1 to 50 nafar azo;

–   bo tasisi shakhsi huquqi be nazardoshti shumorai azo.

  1.                      Hojagii dehqonie, ki be tasisi shakhsi huquqi az tarafi yak nafar va (yo) bo tedodi az 2 to 50 shakhsi voqei dar asosi shartnoma dar borai faoliyati yakjoya tasis doda meshavad, faoliyati khudro az lahzai baqaydgirii davlati ba sifati sohibkori infirodi bo sabt namudani kalimahoi «Hojagii dehqoni» dar nomi khud amali menamoyad.
  2.                      Hojagii dehqoni bo tasisi shakhsi huquqi metavonad faoliyati khudro az lahzai baqaydgirii davlati ba sifati shirkat yo jamiyati khojagidori, ki bo qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini gardidaast, bo sabt namudani kalimahoi «Hojagii dehqoni» dar nomi khud amali namoyad.

Moddai 4. Uzviyat dar khojagii dehqoni

  1. Uzviyat dar khojagii dehqoni bo nazardoshti talaboti zerin muayyan karda meshavad:

– nisbat ba khojagii dehqoni be tasisi shakhsi huquqi – dar hujjathoi baqaydgirii davlati inikos namudani sahmi zamini har yak uzvi khojagi dar qitai zamini istifodai yakjoya va dar shartnomai az jonibi guruhi shakhsoni voqei oid ba faoliyati yakjoya ba imzorasonidashuda nishon dodani huququ uhdadorihoi azoi on (ba istisnoi khojagii dehqonii iborat az yak shakhs);

– nisbat ba khojagii dehqoni bo tasisi shakhsi huquqi – dar hujjathoi baqaydgirii davlati inikos namudani huquqi har yak muassis dar tashakkulyobii qitai zamini khojagii dehqoni (agar qitai zamini istifodashavanda ba ijora girifta nashuda boshad), hamchunin digar doroiho (sahmi molu mulki) dar asosi iqtibos az fehristi yagonai davlatii molu mulki gayrimanqul va huquqho ba on.

  1. SHakhse, ki dar asosi shartnomai mehnati dar khojagii dehqoni hamchun kormandi kiroya faoliyat mekunad, uzvi khojagii dehqoni nameboshad.

Moddai 5. Hojagii dehqoni hamchun shakli khojagidori

  1. Hojagii dehqoni sokhtor, samti faoliyati khud, hajmi istehsol, nigohdori, korkard va furushi mahsulot, inchunin halli digar masalahoro vobasta ba peshburdi khojagi mustaqilona muayyan menamoyad.
  2. Hojagii dehqoni metavonad dar tashkilothoi qarzi surathisob kushoyad va muhru blankahoi doroi nomi khudro doshta boshad.
  3.  Hususiyati tasis va faoliyati khojagii dehqoni bo shakli intikhobnamudai muassis (muassison) muayyan gardida, bo Qonuni mazkur, Kodeksi grajdanin Jumhurii Tojikiston va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston tanzim karda meshavad.

Moddai 6. Baqaydgirii davlatii khojagii dehqoni

Hojagii dehqoni bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai baqaydgirii davlatii shakhsoni huquqi va sohibkoroni infirodi» ba qaydi davlati girifta meshavad.

BOBI 2. HUSUSIYATHOI TASHKILI FAOLIYATI

HOJAGII DEHQONI BE TASISI SHAHSI HUQUQI

Moddai 7. Hususiyathoi tashkili faoliyati khojagii dehqoni be tasisi shakhsi huquqi

  1. Hojagii dehqoni be tasisi shakhsi huquqi, ki az jonibi ziyoda az yak shakhs tasis doda shudaast, dar asosi shartnoma dar borai faoliyati yakjoya amal menamoyad, ki dar on gayr az malumoti peshbininamudai Kodeksi grajdanin Jumhurii Tojikiston, malumoti zerin nishon doda meshavad:

– shumorai azo, nasab, nom, nomi padari har yak uzvi khojagii dehqoni;

– huququ uhdadorihoe, ki majlisi azoi khojagii dehqoni ba zimmai rohbari khojagii dehqoni voguzor menamoyad;

– huququ uhdadorihoi azoi khojagii dehqoni;

– tartibi baromadan yo khorij kardan az uzviyat;

– tartibi qabuli uzvi nav ba khojagii dehqoni;

– molu mulk va andozai sahmi zamini uzvi khojagii dehqoni dar qitai zamini istifodai yakjoya, ki shakhsi mazkur bo onho ba hayati khojagii dehqoni vorid shudaast (bo nishon dodani hujjathoi tasdiqkunandai molu mulk va andozai sahmi zamin);

– tartibi davati majlisi azoi khojagii dehqoni;

– tartibi halli bahsho;

– tartibi narkhguzori, furukhtani mahsuloti istehsolshuda va taqsimi daromad bayni azoi on;

– tartibi qat kardani shartnoma.

  1. Hangomi tagyir yoftani shumorai azoi khojagii dehqoni ba fehristi yagonai davlatii molu mulki gayrimanqul va huquqho ba on va shartnomai faoliyati yakjoya tagyiru ilovahoi dakhldor vorid gardida, iqtibos dar in khusus dar davomi na dertar az yak moh ba jamoati dehot (shahrak), maqomoti mahallii andoz va hifzi ijtimoii aholi peshnihod karda meshavad. 

Moddai 8. Maqomoti idorakunii khojagii dehqoni be tasisi shakhsi huquqi

  1.                      Maqomoti idorakunii khojagii dehqoni be tasisi shakhsi huquqi inho meboshand:

– rohbari khojagii dehqoni;

– majlisi azoi khojagii dehqoni.

  1. Rohbari khojagii dehqoni be tasisi shakhsi huquqi ba sifati maqomi ijroiya faoliyati khojagii dehqoniro dar doirai talaboti qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston, qarorhoi majlisi azoi khojagii dehqoni va shartnomai faoliyati yakjoyai azoi khojagii dehqoni ba roh memonad.
  2. Maqomi olii idorakunii khojagii dehqoni be tasisi shakhsi huquqi (iborat az 2 to 50 nafar) majlisi azoi khojagii dehqoni meboshad.

Moddai 9. Salohiyati majlisi azoi khojagii dehqoni be tasisi shakhsi huquqi

  1. Ba salohiyati majlisi azoi khojagii dehqoni be tasisi shakhsi huquqi mansub meboshand:

– ba imzo rasonidani shartnomai faoliyati yakjoyai azoi khojagii dehqoni va vorid namudani tagyiru ilovaho ba on;

– qabuli shahrvandon ba uzviyati khojagii dehqoni va barovardan az uzviyati on (inchunin hangomi qabuli meros);

– intikhob ba vazifa va az vazifa ozod kardani rohbari khojagii dehqoni;

– barrasi va tasdiq namudani hisoboti solona va muhosibavi;

– taqsimi foidai sofi khojagii dehqoni muvofiqi andozai sahmi zamin yo qitai zamin va molu mulki azoi khojagii dehqoni, barrasii masalahoi jubroni zarar;

– ba ijora dodan yo giriftani qitai zamin, giriftan yo dodani qarz, ba garav guzoshtani molu mulk va huquqi istifodai qitai zamin;

– qabuli qaror dar borai qati faoliyat va aznavtashkildihii khojagii dehqoni;

– barrasii digar masalahoi faoliyati khojagidori, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston man nakardaast.

  1. Uzvi khojagii dehqoni huquq dorad dar majlisi azoi khojagii dehqoni ishtirok karda, nisbati masalai barrasishavanda aqidai khudro ibroz namoyad va ovoz dihad.
  2. Majlisi azoi khojagii dehqoni va qarorhoi qabulkardai on dar surate salohiyatnok hisobida meshavand, agar dar majlis na kam az se du hissai shumorai umumii azoi khojagii dehqoni ishtirok doshta boshand.
  3. Qarorhoi majlisi azoi khojagii dehqoni doir ba masalahoe, ki dar qismi 1 moddai mazkur muayyan shudaand, bo tarafdorii na kam az se du hissai shumorai umumii azoi dar majlis ishtirok doshta qabul karda meshavand. Oid ba masalahoi digar, az jumla doir ba intikhobi raisikunandai majlis, qarorho bo jonibdorii aksariyati shumorai umumii azoi khojagii dehqoni qabul karda meshavand.
  4. Qarorhoi majlisi azoi khojagii dehqoni bo protokol ba rasmiyat darovarda shuda, ba on raisikunandai majlis va azoi ishtirokdoshta imzo mekunand. Ijroi qarorhoi majlisi khojagii dehqoni baroi azoi on hatmi meboshad.

Moddai 10. Rohbari khojagii dehqoni be tasisi shakhsi huquqi

  1. Rohbari khojagii dehqoni be tasisi shakhsi huquqi yake az azoi on meboshad, ki ba in vazifa az jonibi majlisi azoi khojagii dehqoni intikhob karda meshavad.
  2. Rohbari khojagii dehqoni be tasisi shakhsi huquqi doroi vakolathoi zerin meboshad:

– rohbarii umumi ba faoliyati khojagii dehqoni;

– dodani vakolatnoma az nomi khojagii dehqoni;

– namoyandagii khojagii dehqoni dar maqomoti davlati, dar munosibat bo digar shakhsoni voqei va huquqi;

– tibqi shartnomai mehnati ba kor qabul va az kor ozod namudani korgaroni kiroya;

– ba roh mondani bahisobgiriyu hisobotdihi dar khojagii dehqoni;

– az nomi khojagii dehqoni imzo kardani shartnomaho va digar ahdhoi huquqi-grajdani;

– ijroi vakolathoi digar dar doirai qarorhoi majlisi azoi khojagii dehqoni va shartnomai faoliyati yakjoyai azoi khojagii dehqoni.

  1. Rohbari khojagii dehqoni be tasisi shakhsi huquqi bo qarori majlisi azoi khojagii dehqoni dar holathoi zerin az vazifa ozod karda meshavad:

– bo khohishi khud;

– dar holati ijro nakardan yo ba tavri dakhldor ijro nakardani vakolathoi khud;

– gayri qobili amal etirof shudan;

– vafot;

– digar holathoi peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston.

BOBI 3. TASHKILI FAOLIYAT VA IDORAKUNII HOJAGII DEHQONI BO TASISI SHAHSI HUQUQI

Moddai 11. Tashkili faoliyat va idorakunii khojagii dehqoni bo tasisi shakhsi huquqi

1.Hojagii dehqoni bo tasisi shakhsi huquqi dar asosi oinnoma va agar muassison ziyoda az yak nafar boshand – dar asosi shartnomai tasisi faoliyat menamoyad.

  1. Oinnomai khojagii dehqoni malumoti zerinro darbar megirad:

– nomi khojagii dehqoni;

– mahalli joygirshavii khojagii dehqoni;

– maqsad va namudi faoliyat;

– malumot oid ba qitai zamini khojagii dehqoni bo nishon dodani hujjathoi huquqmuayyankunanda;

– malumot oid ba hayat, vakolati maqomoti idorakuni va tartibi qabuli qarorho az jonibi onho;

– huququ uhdadorihoi azoi khojagii dehqoni;

– rasmiyoti qabuli uzvi nav ba hayati khojagii dehqoni va barovardani uzv az hayati on;

– tartibi tashakkulyobii sarmoyai oinnomavi (sharikona);

– muqarrarot oid ba javobgari az rui uhdadorihoi khojagii dehqoni bo tartibi peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– tartibi davati majlisi azoi khojagii dehqoni;

– digar malumoti muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston.

  1. Hususiyathoi tashkili faoliyat va idorakunii khojagii dehqoni bo tasisi shakhsi huquqi bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunuguzorii grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan karda meshavand.

BOBI 4. TANZIMI FAOLIYATI HOJAGII DEHQONI

Moddai 12. Namudhoi faoliyati khojagii dehqoni

Namudhoi faoliyati khojagii dehqoni istehsol, nigohdori, korkard va furushi mahsuloti kishovarzi meboshand.

Moddai 13. Munosibathoi khojagii dehqoni bo davlat

  1. Hojagii dehqoni baroi uhdadorihoi davlat va davlat baroi uhdadorihoi khojagii dehqoni masul nestand.
  2. Zarari ba khojagii dehqoni dar natijai dakholati maqomoti davlati va shakhsoni mansabdori davlati rasonidashuda bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston jubron karda meshavad.
  3. Maqomoti davlati va shakhsoni mansabdori davlati huquq nadorand ba faoliyati khojagii dehqoni dakholat namoyand.

BOBI 5. MOLU MULKI HOJAGII DEHQONI

Moddai 14. Molu mulki khojagii dehqoni

  1. Ba molu mulki khojagii dehqoni darakhtu niholho dar qitai zamin, bino (imorat, inshoot), chorvoi mahsuldihanda va kori, parranda, tekhnikai kishovarzi, tekhnikayu tajhizoti digar, vositahoi naqliyot, asbobu anjom va molu mulki digari baroi amali kardani faoliyati khojagii dehqoni zarur, inchunin huquqi istifodabarii qitai zamin bo huquqi begona namudani on dokhil meshavand.
  2. Samara, mahsulot va daromade, ki khojagii dehqoni dar natijai istifodai molu mulk va faoliyati yakjoyai azoi on ba dast meorad, daromadi umumi va yo molu mulki hissagii umumii har yak uzvi khojagii dehqoni ba hisob meravand va dar muvofiqa bayni onho istifoda burda meshavand.
  3. Hissai molumulkii azoi khojagii dehqoni bo tasisi shakhsi huquqi dar holati vujud doshtani molikiyati hissagi bo hujjathoi tasisii khojagii dehqoni muqarrar karda meshavad. Nomgui obekthoi ba tarkibi molu mulki khojagii dehqoni bo tasisi shakhsi huquqi dokhilshavanda va tartibi tashakkuli molu mulki khojagii mazkur dar hujjathoi tasisii khojagii dehqoni muayyan karda meshavand.

Moddai 15. Sohibi, istifoda va ikhtiyordori kardani molu mulki khojagii dehqoni

  1. Azoi khojagii dehqoni molu mulki khudro yakjoya sohibi mekunand va istifoda mebarand. Tartibi sohibi va istifodabarii molu mulki khojagii dehqoni va nomgui molu mulki taqsimnashavanda dar shartnoma dar borai faoliyati yakjoyai azoi khojagii dehqoni be tasisi shakhsi huquqi yo dar hujjathoi tasisii khojagii dehqoni bo tasisi shakhsi huquqi muayyan karda meshavad.
  2. Tartibi ikhtiyordorii molu mulki khojagii dehqoni be tasisi shakhsi huquqi dar shartnoma dar borai faoliyati yakjoya, baroi khojagii dehqoni bo tasisi shakhsi huquqi boshad, tibqi qonunguzorii grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar karda meshavad.
  3. Molu mulki khojagii dehqoni be tasisi shakhsi huquqii ziyoda az yak nafar, hamchun molikiyati yakjoya ba azoi khojagii mazkur taalluq dorad, agar dar shartnomai bayni azoi khojagii dehqoni tartibi digar muqarrar nashuda boshad.
  4. Hojagii dehqoni bo tasisi shakhsi huquqi doroi huquqi molikiyat ba molu mulke meboshad, ki dar natijai faoliyati ba qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston mukholif nabuda ba dast ovardaast.

Moddai 16. Taqsimi molu mulk va huquqi istifodabarii qitai zamini khojagii dehqoni

  1. Hangomi baromadani uzvi khojagii dehqoni az hayati on shakhsi mazkur tanho badi anjom yoftani soli kishovarzi huquqi mustaqilona istifoda namudani qitai zaminero, ki ba sahmi zamini khud muvofiq meboshad, paydo mekunad.
  2. Uzvi khojagii dehqoni dar mavridi baromadan az hayati khojagii dehqoni ba jubronpulii dar molu mulki taqsimnashavandai khojagii dehqoni barobar ba hissai molu mulkash, ba istisnoi huquqi istifodai qitai zamin, huquq dorad. Andoza va muhlati pardokhti jubronpuli bo rozigii uzvi mazkuri khojagii dehqoni yo dar surati ba sozishi dujoniba narasidan, bo tartibi sudi muayyan karda meshavand. Muhlati pardokhti on az ruzi dodani ariza oid ba baromadan az hayati khojagii dehqoni nametavonad az yak soli kishovarzi ziyod boshad.
  3. Hangomi barhamdihi va aznavtashkildihii khojagii dehqoni molu mulki khojagii dehqoni bayni azoi on mutobiqi muqarraroti Kodeksi grajdanin Jumhurii Tojikiston taqsim karda meshavad. Qitai zamini khojagii dehqonii mazkur bayni azoi on muvofiqi sahmi zamin taqsim karda meshavad.
  4. Dar holati muflisshavii khojagii dehqoni molu mulki pas az ijroi uhdadorihoi khojagii dehqoni boqimonda, inchunin qitai zamini khojagii dehqoni bayni azoi on bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qismi 3 moddai mazkur taqsim karda meshavad.

Moddai 17. Hisobbarobarkuni hangomi az azogi baromadani uzvi khojagii dehqoni

  1. Ba har yak uzvi az hayati khojagii dehqoni bo tasis va be tasisi shakhsi huquqi baromada arzishi qismi molu mulk muvofiq ba hissai uzvi mazkur dar faoliyati yakjoya, bo tartib va dar muhlathoi dar oinnoma, shartnomai tasisi yo shartnoma oid ba faoliyati yakjoya peshbinishuda pardokht yo dar shakli asl (natura) ivaz karda meshavad.
  2. Qismi molu mulk yo arzishi on, ki boyad ba uzvi baromada doda shavad, az rui tavozuni (balansi) dar lahzai baromadani u tartib dodashuda muayyan karda meshavad.

Moddai 18. Ba meros giriftani molu mulki khojagii dehqoni

Ba meros giriftani molu mulk va huquqi istifodabarii qitai zamini khojagii dehqoni, ki bo huquqi begona namudan ba dast ovarda shudaast, mutobiqi muqarraroti Kodeksi grajdanin Jumhurii Tojikiston amali karda meshavad.

BOBI 6. DODANI QITAI ZAMIN BAROI TASHKILI HOJAGII DEHQONI

Moddai 19. Dodani qitai zamin baroi tashkili khojagii dehqoni

  1. Qitai zamin baroi tashkili khojagii dehqoni bo huquqi istifodabarii yakumrai merosi bo huquqi begona namudan yo be huquqi begona namudan dar asosi arizai shahrvand (shahrvandon) tibqi qarori maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlatii nohiyaho (shahrho) doda meshavad.
  2. Qitai zamin baroi tashkili khojagii dehqoni hamchun qoida dar yak mavze yaklukht doda meshavad.
  3. Dar mavridi az hayati khojagii dehqoni baromadani uzvi on va tasis dodani khojagii dehqonii mustaqil, qitai zamin baroi uzvi mazkur dar asosi sahmi zamini u bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston badi anjomi soli kishovarzi doda meshavad. Tartibi mazkur hamchunin dar surati az hayati khojagii dehqoni baromadani guruhi azoi on va dar qitai zamini judokardashuda tashkil namudani khojagii mustaqili dehqoni va yo hamroh shudan ba digar khojagii dehqoni tatbiq karda meshavad.
  4. Hojagii dehqoni baroi peshburdi faoliyati khud metavonad bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba tavri ilova qitai zaminro ba ijora yo baroi istifodabarii muhlatnok girad. Hojagii dehqoni huquqi istifodai qitai zaminro tibqi muqarraroti qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba dast meorad.

Moddai 20. Meyori dodani qitai zamin baroi tashkili khojagii dehqoni

Qitahoi zamin bo huquqi begona namudan yo be huquqi begona namudani huquqi istifodabarii on baroi tashkili khojagii dehqoni bo tartibi muqarparnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba andozahoi zerin doda meshavand:

– az zamini tashkilothoi aznavtashkilshavandai kishovarzi – barobar ba sahmi zamine, ki dar tashkilothoi mazkur az tarafi maqomi vakolatdori davlatii batanzimdarorii munosibathoi vobasta ba zamin va sokhtorhoi mahallii on baroi har uzv muayyan karda shudaast;

– az fondi makhsusi zamini nohiya (shahr) – barobar ba sahmi miyonai muayyanshudai zamin dar mavzei joygirshavii qitai zamin ba shakhsi voqeie, ki khohishi tasis dodani khojagii dehqoniro dorad.

Moddai 21. Dodani qitai ilovagii zamin ba khojagii dehqoni

Ba khojagii dehqoni baroi istifodai muhlatnok yo hamchun ijora az hisobi zaminhoi guruhhoi zerin qitai ilovagii zamin doda meshavad:

– az guruhi zaminhoi tainoti kishovarzi – zaminhoi nav azkhudkardashuda, istifodanashavanda, zaminhoi inshooti obyoriashon azkormonda va baroi kisht nobob;

– az guruhi zaminhoi zakhirai davlati va fondi davlatii jangal, ki baroi istehsoloti kishovarzi mutobiq meboshand (ba gayr az zaminhoi jangali guruhi yakum), hamchunin az zaminhoi charogohho baroi charonidani chorvo vobasta ba sarshumori on dar khojagii dehqoni;

– az guruhi zaminhoi mahalhoi aholinishin – zaminhoe, ki baroi istehsoloti kishovarzi muvofiq buda, baroi ehtiyojoti shahrho, shahrakho va mahalhoi digari aholinishin muvaqqatan istifoda burda nameshavand.

Moddai 22. Tartibi tashakkuli fondi makhsusi zamin baroi tashkili khojagii dehqoni

  1. Baroi tashkili khojagii dehqoni maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlatii nohiya (shahr) tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston az hisobi zaminhoi zerin fondi makhsusi zaminro tasis medihand:

– zaminhoe, ki az gardishi kishovarzi berun mondaand yo ba qatori zaminhoi kamarzish guzaronida shudaand;

–   qitahoi zamine, ki huquqi istifodai onho qat gardidaast;

–   zaminhoi zakhirai davlati;

–   guruhi zaminhoe, ki az rui tainot istifoda burda nameshavand;

– zaminhoi fondi davlatii jangal, ki az darakhtu buttazor kholi buda, baroi istifoda dar istehsoloti kishovarzi muvofiqand;

–   zaminhoi nav azkhudkardashuda.

  1. Tartibi peshbininamudai qismi 1 moddai mazkur ba huquqi istifodabarandagoni zaminhoi tainoti kishovarzi, ki huquqi istifodabarii onho bo huquqi begona namudan doda shudaast, tatbiq karda nameshavad.
  2. Ittiloot dar borai qitahoi zamine, ki ba fondi makhsusi zamini nohiya (shahr) baroi tashkili khojagii dehqoni guzaronida shudaand, bo istifodai vositahoi mavjudai ittilooti ba malumoti umum be takhir rasonida meshavad.

Moddai 23. Tartibi dodani qitahoi zamin az hisobi zaminhoi fondi makhsus baroi tashkili khojagii dehqoni

  1. SHahrvandone, ki khohishi tashkil namudani khojagii dehqoniro dorand, baroi giriftani qitai zamin ba maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlatii nohiya (shahr) ariza medihand.
  2. Dar ariza maqsadi giriftani qitai zamini darkhostshuda, masohat va ruykhati azoi khojagii dehqonii tashkilshavanda nishon doda meshavand.
  3. Qaror dar khususi ba shahrvandon dodani qitai zamin az tarafi maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlatii nohiya (shahr) dar davomi yak moh bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston qabul karda meshavad.
  4. Dar holati mavjud nabudani fondi makhsusi zamin arizai shahrvand (shahrvandon) dar khususi giriftani qitai zamin baroi tasisi khojagii dehqoni ba navbat guzoshta meshavad.
  5. SHakhsoni mansabdor baroi rioyai muhlati qabuli qaror dar khususi dodani qitai zamin va ba shahrvandon peshnihod namudani malumot oid ba mavjudiyati qitahoi zamini taqsimnashudai fondi makhsusi zamini nohiya (shahr) tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston masul meboshand.

Moddai 24. Tashkili khojagii dehqoni az hisobi zaminhoi khochagikhoi makhsus

  1. Dodani qitai zamin baroi tashkili khojagii dehqoni az hisobi zaminhoi khojagihoi davlatii tukhmiparvari, niholparvari, zotparvari, muassisahoi tadqiqoti, ilmiyu istehsoli, talimi, tajribavi, litseyhoi kasbii tekhniki, inchunin az hisobi zaminhoi fondi davlatii ob bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumkhurii Tojikiston surat megirad.
  2. Tashkili khojagii dehqonii samthoi tukhmiparvari, zotparvari yo niholparvari az hisobi zaminhoi khojagii dehqonii mazkur bo tartibi peshbininamudai Qonuni mazkur surat megirad.

Moddai 25. Tasdiqi huquqi istifodabarii qitai zamini khojagii dehqoni

  1. Huquqi istifodabarii qitai zamin az lahzai baqaydgirii davlati bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai baqaydgirii davlatii molu mulki gayrimanqul va huquqho ba on» tasdiq karda meshavad.
  2. Ba istifodabarii qitai zamin bad az baqaydgirii davlati ijozat doda meshavad. Hangomi qabuli uzvi nav va baromadan az uzviyati khojagii dehqoni, azkhudkunii zaminhoi nav az jonibi khojagii dehqoni va holathoi digari tagyir dodani marzi qitai zamin, khojagii dehqoni mutobiqi qismi 1 moddai mazkur az nav ba qaydi davlati girifta meshavad. Ba har yak uzvi nav va az uzviyat baromadan khojagii dehqoni az nav shahodatnomai sahmi zamin doda meshavad.
  3. Huquqi istifodabarii qitai zamini ba ijora dodashuda dar asosi shartnomai ijora ba qaydi davlati girifta meshavad.

BOBI 7. MASALAHOI TASHKILI FAOLIYATI HOJAGII DEHQONI

Moddai 26. Qabuli shahrvandoni digar ba uzviyati khojagii dehqoni

Ba khojagii dehqoni tibqi qarori majlisi azoi khojagi bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba sifati uzv metavonand qabul shavand:

– shahrvandone, ki vorisi huquqii uzvi favtida yo bedarak goib etirofshudai khojagii dehqoni meboshand;

–   shahrvandone, ki dar istifodai yakumrai merosi bo huquqi begona namudan qitai zamin dorand;

–   dar holathoi digar bo qarori majlisi azoi khojagii dehqoni.

Moddai 27. Huquqhoi khojagii dehqoni

Hojagii dehqoni huquq dorad:

– dar qitai zamini khud mustaqilona khojagidori namoyad, nizomi ziroatkori va istehsoliro intikhob namoyad;

–  moliki mahsuloti istehsolkarda va daromadi az furushi on badastovarda boshad;

–   qitai zamin yo qismi onro ba ijora dikhad;

– az istifodabarii zamin bo rozigii azoi khochagi dast kashad va sahmi zamin yo qismi onro bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba azoi nav muayyan namoyad;

–    kandanihoi foidanoki mamuli (pug, shagal, khok, sang), manbahoi ob, inchunin digar khususiyathoi mufidi qitai zamini khojagii dehqoniro bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston istifoda barad;

–  molu mulki tashkilot va shahrvandoni alohidaro kharidori namoyad, ba ijora girad yo muvaqqatan istifoda barad;

tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston huquqi istifodabarii qitai zaminro bo huquqi begona kardani on ba garav monad;

–   baroi amali namudani faoliyati sohibkori shartnomaho ba imzo rasonad;

–   servituti khususiro ba qitai zamin muqarrar namoyad;

–   ikhtiyoran molu mulki khudro (ziroathoi kishovarzi, chorvo, vositahoi asosi va digar molu mulkro) sugurta kunad, agar qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tartibi digarro peshbini nakarda boshad;

–   naqshai faoliyati khojagidori va diversifikatsiyai istehsolotro tartib doda, baroi qone gardonidani ehtiyojoti davlati istehsoli mahsuloti kishovarziro dar asosi joygironii farmoishi davlati ba roh monad;

–   ba mahsuloti kishovarzii istehsolnamudai khud mustaqilona narkh guzorad;

–   bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston faoliyati iqtisodi khorijiro amali sozad;

– dar doirai talaboti qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba faoliyati tukhmiparvari va zotparvari mashgul shavad;

–  dar holati az jonibi davlat girifta shudani qitai zamin jubroni zararro tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston talab namoyad va girad;

– az huquqhoi digari muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston istifoda namoyad.

Moddai 28. Huquqhoi azoi khojagii dehqoni

Azoi khojagii dehqoni huquq dorand:

– sarfi nazar az rizoyati azoi digari khojagii dehqoni, bad az anjom yoftani soli kishovarzi az hayati on bo sahmi zamini khud baroyand va khojagii dehqonii alohida tasis dihand;

– az huquqi istifodai sahmi zamin dast kashand;

– dar holati baromadan az hayati khojagii dehqoni dar mavridi taqsimnopazirii molu mulki khojagii dehqoni jubronpulii hissai khudro talab namoyand va girand;

–  bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston nisbati huquqi istifodabarii qitai zamin bo huquqi begona namudani on ahdhoi huquqi-grajdani (kharidu furush, tuhfa, ivaz, garav) bandand;

–  az huquqhoi digari muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston istifoda barand.

Moddai 29. Uhdadorihoi khojagii dehqoni va azoi on

  1. Hojagii dehqoni va azoi on uhdadorand:

–   qitakhoi zaminro samaranok va tibqi tainoti maqsadnok istifoda barand;

–    hangomi faoliyati khojagidori ba khalaldorshavii holati agroekologi, meliorativi va sanitariyu gigienii zamin roh nadihand;

–    huquqhoi zaministifodabarandagoni digarro khalaldor va mahdud nasozand;

–  hangomi istehsoli mahsuloti kishovarzi usulhoero istifoda namoyand, ki peshgirii pahnshavii kasaliho, hasharotu zararrasonhoi rastani va chorvoro tamin menamoyand;

–   oinnoma va shartnoma oid ba faoliyati yakjoyaro rioya namoyand;

– qoidahoi tartiboti dokhili, hifzi mehnat, tekhnikai bekhatari, amniyati ekologi, pardokhti sarivaqtii muzdi mehnat va taqsimoti foidai sofro rioya namoyand;

–    ijroi uhdadorikhoi digari muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikistonro tamin namoyand.

  1. Hojagii dehqoni inchunin uhdador ast:

– az hisobi daromadi khojagii dehqoni baroi barqaror va afzun namudani hosilkhezgardonii zamin dar asosi qarori majlisi azoi khojagii dehqoni mablag judo namuda, chorabinihoi ilman asosnoki agrokimiyovi va ekologiyu biologiro ba roh monad;

–  pardokhti andoz va digar pardokhthoi hatmi ba bujet, haqqi khizmati obrasoni, istifodai barq va digar pardokhthoro dar muhlathoi muayyankardai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tamin namoyad;

– talaboti nizomi hisoboti muhosibi, uhdadorihoi shartnomavi va nizomi hisobi qarziro rioya namoyad;

–  ba maqomoti mahallii idorai zamin, idorakunii davlatii kishovarzi va omori nohiya (shahr) malumotro dar borai holat va digar malumoti omoriro dar muhlati muayyanshuda peshnihod namoyad;

– bo kormandoni kiroya shartnomai (qarordodi) mehnati ba imzo rasonad va ba onho na kam az andozai haddi aqalli muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muzdi mehnat pardokht namoyad.

Moddai 30. Boshishgohi sahroi

  1. Boshishgohi sahroi sokhtmoni muvaqqatii navi sabuk (sokhtmoni gayriasosi) buda, dar qitai zamini khojagii dehqoni, tanho bo maqsadhoi khojagidori, be girifgani qitai zamini sokhtmoni mazkur az gardishi kishovarzi, sokhta va istifoda burda meshavad.
  2. Sokhtmoni boshishgohi sahroi dar surati ziyoda az 3 gektar budani qitai zamini khojagii dehqoni dar hududi to 0,01 gektar, dar holati ziyoda az 10 gektar budani qitai zamini khojagii dehqoni to 0,03 gektar va dar holati ziyoda az 20 gektar budani qitai zamini khojagii dehqoni to 0,05 gektar amali karda meshavad.
  3. Boshishgohi sahroi dar qitai zamin bo rioyai talaboti Kodeksi zamini Jumhurii Tojikiston, qoidahoi ziddisukhtori, talaboti sanitari va ekologi tibqi loihai namunavii maqomi vakolatdori memori va sokhtmoni nohiya (shahr) joygir karda meshavad.

Moddai 31. Asoshoi qat gashtani faoliyati khojagii dehqoni

  1. Faoliyati khojagii dehqoni dar holathoi zerin qat megardad:

–   qat gashtani huquqi zaministifodabari bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston;

–   peshnihodi arizai rohbari khojagii dehqonii az tarafi yak nafar shakhsi voqei tasisdodashuda;

–   dar asosi qarori majlisi azo;

–   hangomi muflisshavi;

–   dar asosi qarori sud.

  1. Bahshoe, ki dar natijai qat gardidani faoliyati khojagii dehqoni ba miyon meoyand, bo muvofiqai tarafho yo bo tartibi sudi hal karda meshavand.

Moddai 32. Tartibi aznavtashkildihi va barhamdihii khojagii dehqoni

Aznavtashkildihi va barhamdihii khojagii dehqoni be tasisi shakhsi huquqi va bo tasisi shakhsi huquqi dar holat va bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston amali karda meshavand.

Moddai 33. Ittihodiyahoi (assotsiatsiyahoi) khojagihoi dehqoni

  1. Hojagihoi dehqoni bo maqsadi hamohangsozii faoliyat, namoyandagi va hifzi huququ manfiathoyashon metavonand bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ittihodiyaho (assotsiatsiyaho) tashkil namoyand.
  2. Ittihodiyahoi (assotsiatsiyahoi) khojagihoi dehqoni tashkilothoi gayritijorati meboshand. Hojagihoi dehqonie, ki ba ittihodiyaho (assotsiatsiyaho) dokhil meshavand, mustaqiliyat va huquq ba istifodabarii qitai zaminro nigoh medorand.
  3. Majburan ba ittihodiyaho (assotsiatsiyaho) dokhil namudani khojagii dehqoni man ast.

BOBI 8. DASTGIRII DAVLATII HOJAGII DEHQONI

Moddai 34. Dastgirii davlatii khojagii dehqoni

  1. Dastgirii davlatii khojagii dehqoni bo rohhoi zerin amali karda meshavad:

– dastrasi ba tekhnika va tekhnologiyai muosiri kishovarzi, kharidi navhoi tukhmihoi khushsifati ziroatho va namudhoi chorvoi khushzot;

–   tatbiqi choraho oid ba himoyai bozori dokhilii kishovarzi;

–   jalbi sarmoyai vataniyu khoriji ba istehsoloti kishovarzi;

–   tahiya va peshnihodi dasturu tavsiyaho oid ba istifodai tekhnologiyai kishovarzi, dastovardhoi tajribai peshqadam va innovatsioni;

–    tashakkuldihii munosibathoi iqtisodii bozori va jori namudani mekhanizmi bosamari dastgirii moliyavi;

– tamini ittiloot oid ba hajmi istehsol va narkhhoi mahsuloti kishovarzi dar bozorhoi dokhili va beruna;

–   digar shaklhoi dastgiri, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan namudaast.

  1. Dar hududi zaminhoi khojagii dehqoni, ki dar onho inshooti obekthoi infrasokhtori, az jumla roh, khathoi barq, obrasoni, aloqa va shabakahoi irrigatsioniyu meliorativi mavjud nestand, sokhtmoni onho az tarafi davlat anjom doda meshavad. Obekthoi mazkur tibqi muqarraroti sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston istifoda burda meshavand.
  2.  Dastgirii davlatii khojagii dehqoni bo tasisi shakhsi huquqi metavonad bo joygironii farmoishi davlatii istehsoli mahsuloti kishovarzi, inchunin tibqi barnomahoi maqsadnok, ki az jonibi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston qabul karda meshavand, amali gardad.
  3. Dastgirii davlatii khojagii dehqoni az jonibi maqomoti vakolatdori davlatii muayyannamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin maqomoti mahallii hokimiyati davlati, ba roh monda meshavad.

Moddai 35. Sugurtai ijtimoii davlati va taminoti ijtimoii azoi khojagii dehqoni

  1. Azoi khojagii dehqoni bo sugurtai ijtimoii davlati faro girifta shuda, bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston bo nafaqa va digar imtiyozho tamin karda meshavand.
  2. Munosibathoi mehnatii azoi khojagii dehqoni va shahrvandone, ki dar khojagii dehqoni tibqi shartnomai mehnati kor mekunand, mutobiqi qonunguzorii mehnati Jumhurii Tojikiston tanzim karda meshavand.
  3. Davrai dar khojagii dehqoni kor kardani azo va shahrvandone, ki dar khojagii dehqoni tibqi shartnomai mehnati kor mekunand, ba sobiqai umumi va befosilai korii onho hisob karda meshavad. Sobiqai korii shakhsoni mazkur az tarafi khojagii dehqoni dar asosi sabthoi daftarchai mehnati va hujjathoi tasdiqkunandai pardokhti haqqi uzviyati sugurtai ijtimoi hisob karda meshavad. Peshburdi daftarchai mehnati tibqi muqarraroti qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston az tarafi rohbari khojagii dehqoni tamin karda meshavad.

BOBI 9. MUQARRAROTI HOTIMAVI

Moddai 36. Muqarraroti intiqoli

  1. Hojagihoi dehqonie, ki to etibor paydo kardani Qonuni mazkur tasis doda shudaand. uhdadorand dar muddati du sol az ruzi mavridi amal qaror dodani on faoliyati khudro ba muqarraroti Qonuni mazkur mutobiq namoyand. Dar in davra vorid namudani tagyirot ba malumoti baqaydgirii davlati yo dar zaminai chunin khojagihoi dehqoni ba qayd giriftani khojagihoi navi dehqoni be tasisi shakhsi huquqi biduni pardokhti boji davlati anjom doda meshavad.
  2. Faoliyati khojagii dehqoni hangomi dar muddati muqarrargardida ijro nakardani talaboti qismi 1 moddai mazkur bo tartibi sudi qat karda meshavad.

Moddai 37. Javobgari baroi rioya nakardani talaboti Qonuni mazkur

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi baroi rioya nakardani talaboti Qonuni mazkur mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

Moddai 38. Dar borai az etibor soqit donistani Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai khojagii dehqoni (fermeri)»

Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston az 19 mayi soli 2009, №526 «Dar borai khojagii dehqoni (fermeri)» (Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, s. 2009, №5, mod. 333) az etibor soqit donista shavad.

Moddai 39. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

          Prezidenti

Jumhurii TojikistonEmomali Rahmon

sh. Dushanbe, 15 marti soli 2016

№ 1289

 

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