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KONSTITUTSIYA

konstitutsiaKONSTITUTSIYA (lot. constitutio – sokhtor, holat), buniya, majmui khususiyathoi vazifavi va morfologii organizm, ki ba irsiyat va tasiri bardavomu boshiddati muhiti atrof vobastagi dorad.
Hanuz dar zamonhoi qadim malum bud, ki odamon az rui sokhti badan, mizoj, ijroi in yo on kor az hamdigar farq mekunand. Buqrot odamonro vobasta ba mizoj, damavimizoj, balgamimizoj va molikhuliyoi judo karda bud. Jolinus mafhumi «halitus»-ro jori namud, ki majmui alomathoi zohiriro dar nazar dorad (sokhti badan, namudi zohiri). Ba aqidai Jolinus odamon vobasta ba majmui alomathoi nomburda ba in yo on bemori mayl dorand. u takid kardaast, ki gayr az mayl ba bemori dar paydoishi on tarzi hayot niz tasiri amiq meguzorad.
Talimoti hozirai K. nafaqat ba khususiyathoi anatomii organizm, balki ba tavsifi faoliyati olii asab, vazi sistemai gadudhoi dokhili va munosibati on ba muhit asos yoftaast.
Vobasta ba andom (qadu qomat) K. se nav meshavad: asteniyavi, gipersteniyavi va normosteniyavi. Ba asteniyaviho odamoni sanduqi sinaashon boriki pahn, gardanashon daroz, dastu poyashon boriku kitfonashon khurd mansub meboshand. Odamoni gipersteniyavi jussai kalon, shonai pahn, gardani kutoh, sari lunda, dastu poi nisbatan kutoh, sinai farrokh va shikami damida dorand. Ashkhosi normosteniyavi dar bayni in hardu guruh meistand.
Hususiyathoi buniyavii organizm ba inkishofi jarayoni bemorihoi gunogun va khislathoi odam tasir merasonand. Onho boyad dar amaliyai tib ba etibor girifta shavand.

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