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KONSEPSIYAI NIZOMI TAHLILI TASIRI TANZIMKUNI DAR JT

Zamima Bo qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston az 18 noyabri soli 2015, № 673 tasdiq shudaast

KONSEPSIYAI NIZOMI TAHLILI TASIRI TANZIMKUNI DAR JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

(qarori Hukumati JT az 20.02.2017 № 66)

  1. MUQARRAROTI UMUMI
  1. Tahlili tasiri tanzimkuni (TTT) – usuli qabuli qarorhoest, ki ba dalelhoi voqei asos yofta, hangomi qabuli qarorhoi tanzimkunanda istifoda meshavad. TTT – ravandi oshkor namudan va arzyobii muntazami oqibathoi ehtimoli (masalan, tahlili foida va kharojot) bo istifoda az usuli paydarpayi tahlili meboshad, ki in oqibatho metavonand dar natijai jori namudani in yo on tadbiri tanzimkuni zohir shavand. Mohiyati TTT az muqarrar namudani maqsadhoe, ki maqomoti davlati ba onho noil shudan mekhohand, daryofti hamai rohhoi dakholati siyosie, ki tavassuti on ba in maqsad noil shudan mumkin ast va muqoisa namudani alternativai ehtimoli iborat meboshad. TTT baroi intikhobi uslubi nisbatan amali va samaranoki halli masala va muvaffaq shudan ba hadafhoi guzoshtashuda kumak menamoyad.
  2. Dar jarayoni guzaronidani tahlil bo maqsadi behtar dark namudan va muayyan namudani masala va oshkor namudani varianthoi munosibi halli on, savolhoi asosi dar shakli pay dar pay guzoshta meshavand. Sipas, darajai tasiri rohhoi halli oshkorshuda tahti tahlil va muqoisai sistematiki qaror megirad. Tamomi ravand ba qabuli qarorhoi asosi dar zaminai dalelhoi voqei, tavassuti arzyobii kharojot va foidai tarzhoi gunoguni halli masala ravona gardidaast. Bo maqsadi tamin namudani sifati dalelhoi jamovarishuda va qonuni budani onho, ravandi TTT mubohisahoi shaffofro doir ba siyosat faro megirad, to ki ba jonibhoi manfiatdor imkoniyat doda shavad, ki nuqtai nazari khudro ibroz namoyand. Dar natija, ravandi TTT masuliyat va hisobotdihii maqomoti davlatiro dar nazdi davlat va shahrvandoni kishvar ziyod menamoyad.
  3. Ravandi TTT guzaronidani tahlili mufassalro bo maqsadi hosil namudani bovari vobasta ba tasiri dilkhoh doshtan yo nadoshtani muqarraroti nav peshbini menamoyad. TTT baroi oshkor sokhtani oqibathoi ehtimolii gayrichashmdosht va yo kharojoti pinhonii ba talaboti meyori vobasta, inchunin muayyan namudani kharojoti ehtimolii rioyai in muqarrarot az jonibi shahrvandon yo doirai sohibkoron va oqibathoi musbat va manfii iqtisodiyu ijtimoiii on kumak merasonad. Bo kumaki TTT metavon muqarrar kard, ki ijroi talaboti oyandai qonunguzori va meyori ba Bujeti davlati chi guna tasir khohad dosht. TTT metavonad sifati faoliyati huquqejodkuniro dar sohahoi ijtimoi va iqtisodi baland bardorad, nizomi idorakuniro mustahkam gardonida, samaranokii onro behtar kunad.
  4. TTT dar bisyor davlathoi taraqqikarda va ru ba inkishof, az jumla dar Ittihodi Davlathoi Mustaqil istifoda meshavad. Dar bayni kishvarhoe, ki TTT-ro istifoda menamoyand, metavon chunin davlathoro zikr namud: Britaniyai Kabir, Gollandiya, Avstraliya, Irlandiya, Zelandiyai nav, Kanada, Federatsiyai Rossiya, Qazoqiston, Qirgiziston, Moldova. In kishvarho TTT-ro tahiya namudaand va solhoi tulonist, ki onro dar ravandi tahiyasozii sanadhoi meyorii huquqi istifoda menamoyand. Tavre dar diagrammai poyon dida meshavad, tedodi kishvarhoi istifodabarandai TTT ru ba afzoishi ustuvor nihodaast.

Nig. ba Diagramma

  1. Ayni zamon dar Tojikiston TTT tatbiq namegardad. Tedodi kami maqomoti davlati tahlili oqibathoi ehtimolii iqtisodi va ijtimoii sanadhoi meyorii huquqii peshnihodshudaro tahlil menamoyand. CHunin vaziyat ba kharojot va khavfi balandi ba ravandi tanzimkuni dar kishvar aloqamand musoidat mekunad. Dar bisyor mavridho maqomoti davlati kharojoti balandi rioyai meyorhoi tanzimkuni va kharojoti balandi tatbiqi in meyorhoro sari vaqt muayyan karda nametavonand. Dar natija hamai in omilho ba rushdi ustuvori iqtisodi va tashkil kardani joyhoi navi kori tasiri manfi merasonand.
  2. Tavre tajribai kishvarhoi gunogun nishon medihad, istifodai bardavom, payvasta va samarabakhshi TTT dar davrai muayyan metavonad ba tavri musbi tajribai tanzimkuni, muhiti tanzimkuniro (meyorii huquqiro) tagyir doda, fazoi koriro behtar namoyad va kharojoti marbut ba tanzimkunii davlatiro kohish dihad. TTT na tanho sifati balandi muqarraroti meyoriro tamin menamoyad, balki ba behtar namudani munosibati maqomoti davlati nisbat ba tanzimkuni musoidat menamoyad, ki on khele muhim ast. Bo in maqsadho jori namudani nizomi TTT baroi loihahoi sanadhoi meyorii huquqii nav ba naqsha girifta shudaast.
  3. Maqsadi Konsepsiyai mazkur in tahiyai siyosati TTT va nizomi idorakunii on meboshad, ki onro metavon ba vositai qarorhoi huquqi, institutsionali, bujeti va siyosi jori namud. Konsepsiya qismathoi nizomi peshnihodshudai TTT-ro, ki az modeli gayrimutamarkaz asos meyobad, inikos menamoyad. TTT tanho nisbat ba sanadhoi meyoriii huquqie, ki ba subekthoi sohibkori tasiri potensiali dorand, tatbiq megardad. Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston bo zarurati qabuli qarorhoi muhim, az jumla zarurati daryofti tavozun bayni varianthoi gunoguni amalho va andeshahoi manfiathoi jori va oyanda, tashakkuli nekuahvoli, hifz va taqsimoti on, tamini rushdi iqtisodi va hifzi muhiti zist, himoyai manfiathoi shahrvandon muntazam ru ba ru meshavad. Imruzho yake az vositahoi asosie, ki maqomoti davlati baroi halli mushkilioti sohahoi dar bolo zikrshuda istifoda mebarand, sanadhoi meyorii huquqi meboshand.
  4. Dar baze holatho bo sanadhoi meyorii huquqi kharojot va khavfhoi muayyan aloqamandand. Dar barobari tasiri baroi rasidan ba hadafhoi iqtisodi, ijtimoi va ekologi ravonagashta, onho ba rushdi ustuvor niz tasiri manfi merasonand. Binobar in, vazifai asosii tanzimkunii khub in ba haddi nihoi rasonidani foida va ba haddi kamtarin farovardani kharojot va khatarhoi marbut ba tanzimkuni ast.
  5. Aksar vaqt maqomoti tashakkuldihandai muhiti meyorii huquqi az tamomi doirai tasiroti sanadhoi meyorii huquqii qabulnamuda bekhabarand yo onhoro sarfi nazar mekunand. Tanzim biduni khuddori va tavozuni zaruri metavonad boisi paydo shudani mushkiloti nav ba joyi on mushkilote gardad, ki az ibtido tanzimkuni baroi halli onho ravona shuda bud. Az jumla isbot karda shudaast, ki hissai balandtarini kharojoti aloqamand ba rioyai sanadhoi meyori khuquqii ba korkhonahoi khurd rost meoyad. Harojoti baland, az tarafi digar boisi afzoishi bakhshi iqtisodiyoti gayrirasmi va korrupsiya megardad. Az in lihoz, vazifai digari TTT in rasonidani kumak ba maqomoti davlati jihati peshgirii mushkilot va khavfhoi bolozikr meboshad.
  6. Muhiti meyorii huquqi dar Tojikiston bosurat tashakkul yofta istodaast. Az soli 1990 to ba hol Parlamenti jumhuri (Majlisi namoyandagoni Majlisi Oli) besh az 314 Qonun qabul namudaast. Hukumat har sol az 300 to 700 sanadhoi meyorii huquqi qabul mekunad. Tahlili mukhtasari muhiti mavjudai meyorii huquqii kishvar va nizomi tanzimkuni imkon medihad, ki dar borai janbahoi asosii qavi va zaifi on chunin khulosa karda shavad:

a) Pahluhoi qavi:

– mavjudiyati dastgirii siyosii dar sathi baland ba ravandi nisbatan oshkor va shaffofi tashakkuli siyosati davlati va qabuli qarorho; mavjudiyati chorahoi navi muboriza bo korrupsiya, ki tibqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston “Dar borai ekspertizai ziddikorrupsionii sanadhoi meyorii huquqi va loihahoi sanadhoi meyorii huquqi” jori shudaand;

– mavjudiyati tajriba dar baze maqomoti davlati doir ba pahn namudani loihahoi sanadhoi meyorii huquqi dar bayni tarafhoi manfiatdor;

– bo Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston “Dar borai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi” jori namudani tartib va ravandi yagonai tahiya va qabuli sanadhoi meyorii huquqi; mavjudiyati talabot baroi guzaronidani tahlili tasiri moliyavii loihahoi sanadhoi meyorii huquqi;

– mavjudiyati dastgiri az jonibi doirahoi sohibkori jihati jori namudani TTT dar Tojikiston va omodagii jomeai sohibkoron baroi ishtirok dar ravandi qabuli qarorho oid ba sanadhoi meyorii huquqi;

– mavjudiyati talabot oid ba guzaronidani arzyobii tasiri tanzimkunii hujjathoi navi ijozatdihi dar Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston “Dar borai nizomi ijozatdihi”;

– dar beshtari vazoratho vujud doshtani sokhtorhoi masuli korhoi tahlili.

b) Pahluhoi zaif:

– vujud nadoshtani makhzani internetii roygoni sanadhoi meyorii huquqi, ki tavassuti on shahrvandon va sohibkoron tavonand ba Qonunho va sanadhoi zerqonuni dastrasi doshta boshand;

– vujud nadoshtani khuddori va tavozuni dakhldor dar tamomi ravandi huquqejodkuni, ki on metavonad tanzimi balandsifatro tamin va kharojoti sohibkoron, makhsusan sohibkoroni khurd va miyonaro past kunad;

– ivazshavii kadrho dar maqomoti davlati, makhsusan dar sokhtorhoe, ki baroi tahiyai siyosat va faoliyati huquqejodkuni masul meboshand;

– dar sathi nazarras mavjud budani imkoniyati vazoratu idoraho dar doirai salohiyathoi khesh qabul namudani qarorho.

2. VAZIFAHOI NIZOMI TTT DAR JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

  1. Muttahidshavii TTT ba ravandi huquqejodkuni dar Tojikiston. Maqsadi asosii jori namudani TTT dar Tojikiston in tavassuti arzyobii muntazami tasiri sanadhoi meyorii huquqii nav ba subekthoi sohibkori, tahlili genderi, fazoi sohibkori va sarmoyaguzori, past namudani kharojot va khavfho baroi muhiti sohibkori, ki bo tanzimi davlati, az jumla tagyiroti qonunguzorii mavjuda, aloqamand meboshad. Hadafi nihoii jori namudani TTT az behtargardonii fazoi sohibkori va sarmoyaguzori, behtar namudani ravandi tahiyai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi va baland bardoshtani sifati tanzim dar majmu, bo istifoda az nizomi muosiri arzyobii peshaki, ki dar doirai on sanadhoi meyorii huquqii nav dar- asosi prinsiphoi tanzimi samarabakhsh tahiya meshavand, iborat ast.
  2. Talabot nisbat ba siyosati TTT. Jori namudani siyosati TTT va idorakunii on dar Tojikiston ba talabothoi zerin asos meyobad:

a) Ishtiroki jomea tavassuti mashvarathoi faol va gayrifaol, Guzaronidani TTT naboyad tanho iqdomi hukumati boshad. Ba ravand ham jomeai shahrvandi va ham doirahoi sohibkoron bo maqsadi khabardor sokhtani shudan bo kharojoti ehtimoli va khavfhoi potensialii bo tashabbushoi nav dar sohai tanzimkuni aloqamand, jalb meshavand. Ishtiroki faoli jomea va doirai sohibkoron metavonad ba tavri nazarras dar guzaronidani arzyobii nisbatan bosifati oqibathoi imkonpaziri dakholati davlat kumak namoyad. Maqsadi mazkuri siyosati muosiri TTT tavassuti tasisi mekhanizmi navi banaqshagirii peshakii qonunguzori (tayyor va intishor namudani naqshahoi kutohmuddat oid ba tahiyai sanadhoi meyorii huquqii nav du marotiba dar yak sol), dastgiri karda meshavad. CHunin mekhanizm asosi huquqejodkuni gardida, imkon medihad, ki faoliyati maqomoti davlati peshaki ba naqsha girifta shuda, tarafhoi manfiatdor baroi ishtirok dar ravandi muhokima va qabuli qarorho omoda boshand.

b) Etimodnokii TTT-i ba vakolathoi dakhldor asosnok karda shudaast. Mustahkamsozii siyosati TTT va nizomi idorakunii on dar qonunguzori oshkorbayoni, etimod, etibor va ustuvoriro tamin khohad kard. Talaboti TTT boyad jamiyat, doirai sohibkori va guruhhoi dastgirkunandaro bo vositahoi zarurii tasire tamin namoyad, ki Hukumat va maqomoti tanzimkunanda vadahoi khudro ijro kunand. Ravand boyad bo dastgirii Parlament pushtiboni karda shavad, to in ki hadafhoi umumi, az jumla tanzimkunii bosifat ba dast ovarda shavad.

v) Baroi tatbiq va tamini ijroi talaboti siyosati TTT boyad maqome masul boshad, ki doroi huqukhoi makhsus va zakhiraho boshad (yane maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT). Ba in maqom boyad vakolathoe voguzor shavand, ki imkoniyati az jonibi hamai maqomoti davlati rioya namudani talabot oid ba tahiya, intishori naqshahoi tahiyai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi, guzaronidani TTT oid ba har yak tashabbusi peshnihodshuda, intishori TTT va loihahoi sanadhoi meyorii huquqi baroi khabardor gardonidani jonibhoi manfiatdor va mubohisahoro dihand. Talaboti az tarafi maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT tayyor namudani hisoboti solona dar borai rioyai siyosati TTT az jonibi maqomoti davlati nufuzi in maqomro meafzoyad va baroi mustahkam namudani siyosati TTT musoidat mekunad.

g) Hisobotdihi va masuliyati maqomoti davlati: Baroi mustahkam namudani prinsiphoi tanzimkunii samaranok va etimod ba nizomi TTT tartib va talaboti purzur namudani hisobotdihandagi va masuliyati maqomoti davlati dar nazdi Hukumat va jomea ravona karda meshavand. Intishori hisobothoi TTT tasirro ba maqomoti davlati purzur namuda, omilhoi sifatnoki TTT va va qarorhoi peshnihodshudaro meafzoyad.

  1. Prinsiphoi TTT:

– Mustahkamkunonii marhilavi. Dar marhilai avval TTT sodda khohad bud, vale badtar talabot nisbat ba barguzorii on vase shuda, davrai mashvaratho afzoish meyobad va vakolathoi maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT purzur gardonida meshavand, to ki in maqom ba tavri ommavi sifati hisobothoi TTT-ro bahs karda tavonad. Dar nazar doshta meshavad, ki dar marhalai avval sifati TTT baland nakhohad bud. Baroi rushdi botadriji malaka va donishi khizmatchiyoni davlati barnomai talimi tahiya megardad.

– Mutanosibi. Prinsipi mutanosibi ham dar barguzorii TTT va ham dar kori maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT tatbiq khohad shud. Sayu kushishho baroi guzaronidani TTT va arzyobii onho ba oqibathoi potensialii tadbirhoi peshnihodshuda mutanosib meshavand. Harojoti munosib ba nizomi TTT.

– Harojot baroi nigohdorii nizomi TTT boyad bo foidahoi az nizom hosilshavanda mutobiq boshand. TTT boyad kharojotashro tasdiq namoyad va tasiri khudro ba Bujeti davlati maksimali mahdud namoyad. Nizom boyad kharojoti vobasta ba tamini tatbiqi on, inchunin kharojoti rioyai talaboti siyosati TTT-ro az jonibi maqomoti davlati minimali namoyad.

3. MODELI TTT BAROI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

  1. Modeli qobili qabuli TTT baroi Tojikiston in modeli “gayrimarkazonidashuda” meboshad, ki ba prinsipi “Bovar kun, lekin bisanj” asos meyobad. Muvofiqi modeli mazkur, uhdadoriho oid ba jori namudani TTT dar bayni maqomoti gunoguni davlati taqsim karda meshavand. Sifati TTT tavassuti istifodai mekhanizmhoi shaffofiyat va mashvarathoi vase bo maqsadi daryofti muvofiqa va rizoiyat bo jonibhoi manfiatdor nazorat karda meshavad.
  2. Dar modeli “gayrimarkazonidashudai” nizomi TTT khudbahodihii TTT az jonibi maqomoti davlati guzaronidashuda naqshi muhimro mebozad. Bo vujudi in, naqshi asosii maqomi vakolatdori TTT in amaligardonii monitoring va dastgirii vazoratu idoraho bo maqsadi intishori naqshahoi purratarin va daqiqtarini tahiyai sanadhoi meyori huquqi, hisobotho oidi TTT va tamini sathi zarurii shariki bo jonibhoi manfiatdor, meboshad.
  3. Amiq budani tahlili tasir ba prinoipi “mutanosubi” asos yofta, muvofiqi on aksari TTT-hoi guzaronidashuda oddi khohand bud va tahlili amiq tanho baroi miqdori kami tashabbushoi doroi tasiroti potensiali anjom doda meshavad.
  4. Nizomi TTT ba tayyor namudani naqshaho oid ba tahiyai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi va hisobothoi TTT nigaronida meshavad, ki onho bo maqsadi khabardorsozii jonibhoi manfiatdor va guzaronidani mashvaratho dar portali internetii maqomi vakolatdor joygir karda meshavand. Pas az anjomi davrai mashvaratho va hangomi maqomi davlati tahlili sharhu mulohizot va peshnihodoti ba dast omadaro guzaronida, javobi rasmiro ba jonibhoi manfiatdor mefiristad, matni loihai sanadi meyorii huquqi takmil doda shuda, tibqi tartibi muqarrargardida tasdiq karda meshavad.
  5. Bo darnazardoshti qabuli fikru mulohizaho nisbat ba naqshahoi tahiyasozii sanadhoi meyorii huquqi va hisobothoi TTT, nizomi idorakunii TTT imkon medihad, ki dar holati nazarras budani oqibathoi potensiali, TTT-i amiq guzaronida shavad. TTT-i purra va amiq tibqi darkhosti Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston, maqomoti davlati va bo musoidati maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT guzaronida meshavad. Tahlilhoi mazkur baroi tavsifoti miqdori, bo ifodai puli inikos namudani foidayu kharojot, inchunin mushakhkhas kardani oqibathoi potensiali sayyu kushishi beshtarro talab mekunand.
  6. Bo darnazardoshti on, ki nizom ba shaffofiyat va hisobotdihandagii maqomoti davlati, inchunin ba mashvaratho bo jonibhoi manfiatdor ravona karda meshavad, asosi on portali internetii maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT khohad bud.
  7. Asosi nizomi tamini sifati sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Tojikistonro du marhala tashkil menamoyand:

a) marhalai yakum – banaqshagirii tahiyai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi;

b) marhalai duyum – tahlili sifati iqdomho va qarorhoi peshnihodshuda tavassuti mashvaratho.

  1. Marhalai yakum – banaqshagirii tahiyai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi – ba baland bardoshtani sathi shaffofiyati faoliyati maqomoti davlati dar sohai tanzimkunii meyorii huquqi nigaronida shudaast. Marhalai mazkur ba uhdadoriho oid ba tahiya va dar yak sol du marotiba, yane dar mohhoi yanvar va iyul peshnihod namudani ruykhati sanadhoi meyorii huquqii ba naqsha giriftashuda va voridnamudani tagyiru ilovaho ba sanadhoi meyoriii huquqii amalkunanda asos meyobad. Har yak sanadi meyorii huquqii peshnihodshuda yakjoya bo tavsifi mukhatsari chorahoi peshnihodshavanda va tasiroti potensialii onho peshnihod megardad. Hamai naqshaho ba maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT baroi joygir namudan dar portali interneti firistoda meshavand.
  2. Marhalai duyum – tahlili sifati tashabbushoi peshnihodshuda va qarorho tavassuti mashvaratho: Dar marhalai mazkur, maqomoti davlati hisobothoi TTT-ro, az jumla dalelhoi zarurati tanzimkunii davlatiro omoda mesozand.Barguzorsozii TTT ba haddi nihoi pesh az tahiyai matni sanadi meyorii huquqi surat megirad. Pas az anjomi tahiyai hisoboti TTT, maqomi davlati bastai hujjathoro (TTT va matni loihai sanadi meyorii huquqiro) ba maqomi vakolatdori TTT firistoda, in maqom onhoro baroi muhokimai jonibhoi manfiatdor ba muddati na kamtar az du hafta dar portali interneti intishor mekunad. Dar surati ba dast ovardani sharhu tavzehot yo fikru mulohizaho, maqomi vakolatdori TTT majmui hujjathoro dar yakjoyagi bo sharhu tavzehoti giriftaash ba maqomi davlatii salohiyatdor mefiristad. Nuskhahoi tamomi sharhu ezohot va fikru mulohizahoi ba dast ovardaro maqomi vakolatdor hamchunin ba Hukumat mefiristad. Maqomi davlatii tahiyakunanda imkoniyat paydo mekunad, ki loihai peshnihodshavandai sanadi meyorii huquqi va TTT-ro to tibqi tartibi muqarrargardida tasdiq shudanashon az sari nav barrasi va takmil namoyad.

4. UNSURHOI ASOSII NIZOMI TTT DAR JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

  1. TTT baroi hamai loihahoi sanadhoi meyorii huquqie, ki ba sohibkori tasiroti potensiali dorand hatmi megardad, ba istisnoi pardokhthoi andozi, gumruki va digar pardokhthoi hatmi ba Bujeti davlati, sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalii etirofnamudai Tojikiston, inchunin meyorhoi biduni tasiri nazarras va yo tanho doroi khususiyati rasmi. Hukumat imkoniyat paydo mekunad, ki baze sanadhoi meyorii huquqiro az guzaronidani TTT dar asosi istisnohoi ba tavri vozeh dar qonunguzori peshbinishuda ozod namoyad. Baroi sanadhoi meyori huquqii favri (tajili) rasmiyoti makhsus peshbini karda meshavad.
  2. Nizomi peshguii banaqshagirii qonunguzori. Nizomi TTT ba Naqshahoi tahiyai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi asos meyobad, ki muvofiqi onho hamai vazoratu idoraho ba tavri rasmi har 6 moh (15-umi yanvar va 15-umi iyul) naqshahoi khudro oid ba tahiyai sanadhoi meyorii huquqii nav va vorid namudani tagyirotu ilovaho ba sanadhoi meyorii huquqii amalkunanda ba Hukumat va maqomi vakolatdori TTT bo maqsadhoi zerin peshnihod menamoyand:

– muayyan namudani tashabbushoi tanzimkunie, ki tahiya va tasdiqi onho va yo peshnihod namudani onho ba Hukumat baroi tasdiq namudan ba naqsha girifta shudaast;

– vorid kardani in tashabbusho ba ruznomai jalasahoi Huqumat va digar maqomoti davlati;

– muayyan namudani aloqa yo takrorshavi bo digar tashabbushoi ba naqsha griftashuda yo dar nazar doshtashuda;

– khabardor namudani doirahoi sohibkoron doir ba naqshahoi maqomoti davlati oid ba tanzimukuni bo maqsadi jalbi onho ba mashvaratho oid ba tashabbushoi dakhldor.

  1. Naqshaho doir ba tahiyai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi ba maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT imkon medihand, ki peshnihodoti intizorgardidaro peshgui kunad va bo maqomoti dakhldori davlatie, ki baroi tahiyai siyosat va loihai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi masuland, hamkorii zich ba roh monand. Talabot dar borai intishor namudan tavassuti muqarrarote mustahkam karda meshavand, ki muvofiqi onho hamai loihahoi sanadhoi meyorii huquqi boyad dar muhlati az du hafta to se moh dar portali internetii rasmii maqomi vakolatdori TTT baroi muhokima va peshnihodi sharh az tarafhoi manfiatdor intishor karda shavand.
  2. Portali maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT. Portali maqomi vakolatdori TTT juzi kalidii nizomi TTT meshavad. Dar on hamai naqshaho oid ba tahiyai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi, loihahoi hisobotho oid ba TTT, loihahoi sanadhoi meyorii huquqi va matnhoi nihoii sanadhoi meyorii huquqii qabulshuda nashr karda meshavand. Portalro maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT idora menamoyad va on bo fehristi rasmii sanadhoi meyorii huquq dar aloqamandi khohad bud. Portal se fehristi bo ham aloqamandro dar bar khohad girift:

– fehristi Naqshahoi tahiyai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi maqomoti davlati dar shash moh;

– fehristi hisobothoi TTT va loihahoi sanadhoi meyorii huquqi; va

– fehristi sanadhoi meyorii huquqii qabulshuda az jonibi Parlamenti Jumhurii Tojikiston, Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston va maqomoti davlati. Fehristi mazkur sarchashmai rasmii intishori sanadhoi meyorii huquqi megardad.

  1. Maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT portalro khizmatrasoni va muntazam nav mekunad, dar marhalai minbada boshad, bo maqsadi sarfai vaqt va kharojoti vobasta ba tahiya va qabuli sanadhoi meyorii huquqi portal hamchun vositai tahriri elektroni va hujjatguzori dar ravandi tahiyai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi khizmat menamoyad. Portal, hamchunin, malumoti muhim ba monandi Dasturamal oid ba TTT, mavodhoi ittilooti va kitobkhonai TTT-ro dar bar khohad girift.
  2. Zaminai meyorii huquqi baroi guzaronidani TTT. Baroi jori namudani TTT, ba Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston “Dar borai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi” tibqi tartibi muqarrargardida tagyiru ilovaho vorid karda meshavand. Onho mafhumhoi asosi, sohai istifodai TTT va qismathoi asosii TTT-ro muayyan menamoyand. Minbad, az jonibi Hukumat Dasturamal oid ba TTT tasdiq karda meshavad, ki on rasmiyoti mamuri, prinsiphoi rohbarikunandai TTT, va talabot ba hisobothoi TTT-ro muayyan menamoyad. Talabot oid ba guzaronidani TTT maqomoti davlatiro uhdador mekunad, ki qadamhoi muayyanro dar chahorchubai rasmiyoti standartii TTT rioya namoyand.
  3. Dasturamal oid ba TTT bo darnazardoshti natijahoi TTTi tajribavi, tajribai baynalmilali va bo dastgirii sharikoni rushd tahiya khohad shud. Vazifahoi asosii Dasturulamalin standartikunonii ravandi barguzorii TTT, tamini donishi zaminavi dar marhalai avvali jori namudani TTT, jori namudani prinsiphoi tanzimkunii samaranok va munosibati yagona hangomi guzaronidani TTT meboshad.
  4. Dasturamal yak qator masalahoro oid ba guzaronidani TTT dar bar khohad girift, az jumla qadamhoi asosi, ruykhati savolhoi sanjishi va usulhoi tavsiyashavandai tahlili tasir bo takya ba sohibkori, sarmoyaguzori, janbahoi ijtimoi va genderi, usulhoi guzaronidani mashvaratho, inchunin mavodhoi malumotivu shakhsoni tamos baroi giriftani mashvarat. Dar davrai kutohmuddat usulhoi asosi dar guzaronidani TTT usulhoi arzyobii kharojoti vobasta ba tanzimkunii davlati, ba monandi Modeli kharojoti standarti (MHS) khohad bud. Minbad, ba Dasturamal usulhoi takmilyoftai tahlili foidavu kharojot va tahlili samarabakhshii kharojot ilova karda meshavand. Ba usulhoi zikrgardida dar guzaronidani TTT-i amiq bartariyat doda meshavad.
  5. Ba Dasturamal oid ba TTT shaklhoi namunavii hujjathoi dar ravandi guzaronidani TTT istifodashavanda hamroh karda meshavand, az jumla shakli peshnihodi Naqshaho oid ba tahiyai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi, inchunin shaklhoi hisobothoi TTT baroi guzaronidani mashvaratho va ba Hukumat peshnihod namudan. Dasturamal oid ba TTT bo darnazardoshti ziyod gardidani tajribavu donishi maqomoti davlati dar sohai guzaronidani TTT, inchunin dar barobari az khud namudani usulhoi navi tahlil munazam tajdidi nazar karda meshavad.
  6. Maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT faolona ba jori namudani Dasturamal oid ba TTT musoidat khohad kard. Bo darnazardoshti on, ki ayni zamon maqomoti davlati tajribai barguzorii TTT-ro nadorand, omuzonidan va takmili iqtidor baroi jori namudani muvaffaqona va ba nizom darovardani TTT ahamiyati kalon khohad dosht. Omuzish baroi kormandoni masuli guzaronidani TTT va namoyandagoni assotsiatsiyahoi sohibkoron peshnihod karda meshavad.
  7. Dar marhalai avval bo dastgirii sharikoni rushd, barnomai zaminavii omuzishii TTT baroi rushdi tajribai kormandon dar guzaronidani TTT va shinosoii onho bo Dasturamal oid ba TTT amali karda meshavad. Dar oyanda, barnomahoi amiqi omuzishi khizmatchiyoni davlati tatbiq meshavand, ki baroi az khud kardani usulhoi muosiri tahlil va guzarnidani TTT-hoi amiq kumak menamoyand.
  8. Tadbirhoi makhsusi omuzishi namoyandagoni jomeai shahrvandi, assotsiatsiyaho va doirahoi sohibkoron baroi mustahkam namudani tajriba va inkishof dodani donishi umumii kormandoni in tashkilotho oid ba TTT ravona karda meshavand. Tavajjuhi tadbirhoi mazkur asosan ba pahni donish oid ba nizomi maqomoti tanzimkunandai davlati, ravandi tanzimkuni va TTT, inchunin rasmiyoti ishtirok dar ravandi mashvaratho va muhokimaho ravona megardad. Tadbirho ba ishtirok va jalbi tarafhoi manfiatdor dar ravandi guzaronidani TTT musoidat namuda, bovari va hamkoriro bo maqomoti davlati tahkim mebakhshand.
  9. Zaminai institutsionali az jonibi maqomoti zerin amali karda meshavad:

a) Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston. Vazifahoi asosii Hukumat tasdiq namudani siyosat va nizomi TTT, nazorati marhilavii natijahoi miyonamuddat va nihoii tatbiqi on, arzyobi va tasdiqi hisobothoi solona oid ba tatbiqi siyosati TTT-i az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori TTT tahiyashuda va qabuli qarorho va tadbirhoi siyosii zaruri baroi tamini faoliyati samarabakhshi nizomi TTT meboshand.

b) Maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT. Baroi musoidati jori namudani TTT va prinsiphoi samarabakhshi tanzimkuni maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT muayyan karda meshavad. Maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT sokhtori makhsus khohad bud.

  1. Maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT vazifahoi zerinro ijro khohad kard:

– tamini hamohangsozii bayni maqomoti davlati, inchunin musoidat namudan ba faoliyati shabakai TTT;

– omuzonidan va mashvarati kormandoni maqomoti davlati oid ba masalahoi TTT;

– tajdid namudan va khizmatrasonii portali internetii sanadhoi meyorii huquqi, az jumla joygirkunii Naqshaho oid ba tahiyai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi, hisobothoi TTT va loihahoi sanadhoi meyorii huquqi;

– tayyor namudani hisobothoi solona oid ba arzyobii samaranokii faoliyati maqomoti davlati dar tatbiqi siyosati TTT, az jumla dar guzaronidani TTT;

– tamini hamkori bayni maqomoti davlati va namoyandagoni tarafhoi manfiatdor, az jumla namoyandagoni jomeai sohibkori;

– muayyan va tahiya namudani tavsiyaho oid ba guzaronidani islohoti zaruri bo maqsadi behtar namudani fazoi sohibkori va sarmoyaguzori, baland bardoshtani samaranokii tanzimkunii davlati.

  1. Vohidi sokhtorii maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT dar doirai 3 vohidi kori: iqtisodchi, mutakhassisoni robita bo jomea va sohai tekhnologiyai ittilooti tashkil karda meshavad (qarori Hukumati JT az 20.02.2017 № 66).
  2. SHabakai TTT. Guruhhoi makhsusi TTT dar har yak maqomi markazii davlati (shabakai TTT) bo maqomi vakolatdori TTT robitai doimiro nigoh khohand dosht. Ba shabakai TTT mutakhassisoni peshbari vazoratu idorahoi mutasaddii tahiyai siyosat va sanadhoi meyorii huquqi vorid meshavand. Ishtirokchiyoni shabakai TTT baroi muhokimai muvaffaqiyathoi komyobgashta dar tatbiqi TTT muntazam vokhurho barguzor namuda, dar pahn va mustahkam namudani siyosati TTT dar idorahoi khud kumak merasonand. Ishtirokchiyoni shabakai TTT dar barnomai amiqi omuzish jihati barguzorii TTT ishtirok menamoyand, to dar oyanda onho tavonand kormandoni idorahoi khudashonro omuzonand va dar ravandi barguzorii TTT ba onho kumak kunand:

a) Monitoring va arzyobi. Maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT hisobothoi solonai tatbiqi siyosati TTT va jori namudani prinsiphoi tanzimkunii samaranokro tahiya menamoyad. Hisobotho arzyobi va reytingi samarabakhshii faoliyati maqomoti davlatiro dar bar khohand girift. Nizomi TTT az jonibi korshinosoni mustaqil har 5 sol az lahzai tashkilshavi az nav barrasi shuda metavonad. Az nav barrasikuni ba arzyobii intikhobii sifati miqdori muayyani hisobotho oid ba TTT asos meyobad.

b) Mashvaratho bo jomea. Mashvaratho bo jomea qismati judonapazir va asosii nizomi TTT gardida, ba tarafhoi manfiatdor imkoniyat medihand, ki dar ravandi qabuli qarorho naqshi faol doshta boshand. SHarhu peshnihodhoi dar ravandi mashvaratho ba dast ovardashuda metavonand baroi tahiyai qarorhoi samarabakhshi tanzimkuni ahamiyati kalon doshta boshand, ki onho baroi ba sathi balandtarin rasonidani foidaho va ba sathi kamtarin ovardani kharojotho ravon gardida, bo hamin baroi roh nadodan ba oqibathoi gayrichashmdosht musoidat mekunand. Binobar in, mashvaratho nisbat ba qarorho va tadbirhoi besamar kafolati muhimro tamin mekunand. Mashvaratho baroi muhokimai naqshaho oid ba tahiyai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi, hisobothoi TTT va loihahoi sanadhoi meyorii huquqi guzaronida meshavand.

  1. Rasmiyoti barguzorii mashvaratho ba Dasturamal oid ba TTT vorid karda meshavand. Portali maqomi vakolatdori TTT hamchun vositai asosi dar barguzorii mashvarathoi faol va gayrifaol istifoda khohad shud. Qismati makhsusi mashvarathoi elektroni qismi judonopaziri portal khohad shud, ki ba tarafhoi manfiatdor imkoniyat medihad, to dar tamomi marhilahoi ravandi qabuli qarorho va muhokimaho ishtirok namoyand.
  2. Barguzor namudani du TTT-i tajribavi. Baroi giriftani tajriba va darshoi avval, qadami kalidi baroi jori namudani nizomi bomuvaffaqiyati TTT barguzor namudani TTT-hoi tajribavi meboshad. Ba sifati TTT-i tajribavi sanadhoi meyorii huquqi dar borai kafolati qarzho va tahiyai reglamenti tekhniki oid ba bekhatarii mahsuloti khurokvori intikhob karda meshavand. Tajriba muvofiqi rasmiyoti standartii barguzorii TTT dar asosi usulhoi Sozmoni hamkorii ihtisodi va rushd va digar kishvarho guzaronida meshavad.
  3. Maqsadhoi tajriba inho meboshand:

– purzur namudani iqtidor, donish va tajribai kormandon, az jumla ishtirokchiyoni guruhhoi korii tajribavii TTT;

– sanjidani usulhoi gunoguni tahlil, ki dar davlathoi gunoguni jahon istifoda meshavand;

– giriftani malumot baroi ba naqsha giriftani nizomi monitoringi tatbiqi TTT baroi maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT;

– giriftani tajriba baroi tahiyai Dasturamal oid ba TTT bo darnazardoshti sharthoi mamuri va sharoiti Tojikiston;

– giriftani tajriba baroi omuzonidani kormandoni maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT va tahiyai meyorhoi arzyobii sifati TTT; baland bardoshtani malumotnoki oid ba TTT dar bayni tarafhoi asosii manfatdor, az jumla maqomoti davlati, namoyandagoni doirahoi sohibkori va vositahoi akhbori omma.

  1. Baroi har yak TTT-i tajribavi yak guruhi korii alohida tasis doda meshavad, ki ba on kormandoni maqomoti masuli davlati shomil khohand shud. Bo dastgirii sharikoni rushd mushoviron baroi kumak ba guruhhoi kori baroi guzaronidani TTT-i tajribavi jalb karda meshavand. Mushoviron bo azoi guruhhoi kori oid ba ravand va usulhoi TTT omuzish meguzaronand va dar ravandi barguzorsozii TTT musoidat menamoyand. Bo anjom yoftani TTT-i tajribavi, hisobothoi TTT va loihai Dasturamal oid ba TTT omoda karda meshavand.
  2. Harojoti moliyavi. Mablagguzorii tasis va faoliyati maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT, inchunin portali sanadhoi meyorii huquqi az hisobi mablaghoi Bujeti davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar doirai mablaghoi peshbinamudai maqomi vakolatdor amali karda meshavad. Mablagguzorii tasisi nizomi TTT bo jalbi kumaki moliyavi va mashvaratiyu tekhnikii sharikoni rushd tibqi Naqshai chorabiniho oid ba tatbiqi Konsepsiyai nizomi TTT amali karda meshavad.
  3. Naqshai chorabiniho. Konsepsiyai mazkur tibqi Naqshai chorabiniho oid ba tatbiqi Konsepsiyai nizomi TTT dar Jumhurii Tojikiston amali karda meshavad, ki on tadbirhoi asosii zaruriro baroi noil shudan ba hadafhoi guzoshtashuda muayyan menamoyad (zamima megardad).

Zamima ba Konsepsiyai nizomi TTT dar Jumhurii Tojikiston

Naqshai chorabiniho oid ba tatbiqi Konsepsiyai nizomi TTT dar Jumhurii Tojikiston

Nomgui chorabiniho Masulon Muhlati ijro Sarchashmai mablagguzori
1 Tasdiqi hayati du guruhhoi kori oid ba guzaronidani TTT-i tajribavi Maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT 2015 Talab karda nameshavad
2 Jalbi mushoviron baroi musoidat ba guruhhoi kori va omuzonidani onho jihati guzaronidani TTT-hoi tajribavi Maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT 2015 SHarikoni rushd
3 Tibqi tartibi muqarragardida vorid namudani tagyiru ilovaho    ba Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston “Dar borai sanadhoi meyori huquqi” bo maqsadi muayyan namudani talabot oid ba guzaronidani TTT Maqomi vakolatdor oid baTTT Vazorati adliya, vazoratu idorahoi dakhldor 2015-marti 2016 Talab karda nameshavad
4 Tahiya va tasdiq namudani naqshai chorabiniho baroi guruhhoi kori oid ba guzaronidani TTT-hoi tajribavi Guruhhoi kori oid ba guzaronidani TTT-hoi tajribavi, mushoviron 2015 SHarikoni rushd
5 Guzaronidani TTT-i tajribavi Guruhhoi kori oid ba guzaronidani TTT-hoi tajribavi, Maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT, mushoviron 2015-apreli 2016 SHarikoni rushd
6 Tahiya namudani loihai Dasturamal oid ba TTT Guruhhoi kori oid ba guzaronidani TTT-hoi tajribavi Maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT, mushoviron aprel-mayi 2016 SHarikoni rushd
7 Ba anjom rasonidani guzaronidani TTT-hoi tajribavi Guruhhoi kori oid ba guzaronidani TTT-hoi tajribavi Maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT, mushoviron 30 iyuni 2016 Talab karda nameshavad
8 Muhokima va tasdiqi Dasturamal oid ba TTT Maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT iyul -avgusti 2016 Talab karda nameshavad
9 Tashkil namudani sokhtor dar nazdi maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT (kharidani tajhizoti zaruri, taini rohbariyat va jalbi kormandon) Maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT yanvar –marti 2016 Bujeti davlati, SHarikoni rushd (qisman)
10 Tahiya va tasdiqi strategiyai kommunikatsionii TTT Maqomi vakolatdor oid baTTT,  Vazorati adliya, vazoratu idorahoi dakhldor aprel-iyuni 2016 Talab karda nameshavad
11 Guzaronidani omuzishi kormandoni sokhtori maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT Maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT, Vazorati adliya iyul-sentyabri 2016 SHarikoni rushd
12 Barguzor namudani omuzishi kormandoni maqomoti davlati oid ba TTT Maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT, Vazorati adliya avgust-dekabri 2016 SHarikoni rushd
13 Tahiya va tasdiqi (loihai) sistemai ittilooti (barnomai kompyuteri) baroi portali maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT Maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT, Vazorati adliya 2015 SHarikoni rushd
14 Tahiyai sistemai ittilooti (barnomai kompyuteri) baroi portali maqomi vakolatdori TTT Maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT, Vazorati adliya fevral -oktyabri 2016 SHarikoni rushd
13   Barguzor namudani konfrons oid ba ogozi tatbiqi TTT Maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT, vazoratu idorahoi dakhldor dekabri 2016 Talab karda nameshavad
16 Ogozi faoliyati nizomi TTT Maqomi vakolatdor oid ba TTT, vazoratu idorahoi dakhldor 1 yanvari 2017 Talab karda nameshavad

 

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