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KONSEPSIYAI IDORAKUNII RUSHDI MAHAL TO SOLI 2030

 

KONSEPSIYAI IDORAKUNII RUSHDI MAHAL DAR JUMHURII TOJIKISTON BAROI DAVRAI TO SOLI 2030 

Bo Farmoni Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston az “11” iyuli soli 2015, № 522 tasdiq shudaast

  1. Muqarraroti umumi
  1. Ravandi rushdi millii Jumhurii Tojikiston bo digargunsozihoi murakkabi barnomavi dar bakhshhoi gunoguni iqtisodiyoti milli va taminoti hayotii kishvar aloqamand ast. In ravand mavjudiyati samtdorii muayyani strategiro taqozo menamoyad, ki bo tagyiroti institutsionali, taqsimoti daqiqi vazifaho va hamohangsozii sifatnoki faoliyati maqomoti markazi va mahallii idorakuni taqviyat yoftaand.
  2. Dar in ravand maqomoti mahallii idorakunii davlati va maqomoti khudidorakunii shahrak va dehot (minbad – khudidorakunii mahalli) naqshi makhsusan muhimro mebozand.
  3. Mutobiqi taqsimoti mamuriyu hududi qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston ba se viloyat – Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon (qismi sharqii kishvar, bo 8 vohidi mamuriyu hududi), viloyati Sugd (qismi shimolii kishvar, bo 18 vohidi mamuriyu hududi), viloyati Hatlon (qismi janubii kishvar, bo 25 vohidi mamuriyu hududi), shahri Dushanbe (poytakhti mamlakat, ki az 4 nohiya iborat meboshad), shahru nohiyahoi tobei jumhuri (bo 13 vohidi mamuriyu hududi) va 427 jamoathoi shahrak va dehot taqsim shudaast. Maqomoti khudidorakunii shahrak va dehot jamoatho meboshand, ki tartibi tasis, vakolatho va faoliyati onhoro qonun tanzim menamoyad.
  4. Az tahlili faoliyati maqomoti idorakunii mahalli khulosa barovardan mumkin ast, ki vazifahoi onho, nizomi institutsionali va usulhoi banaqshagiri holo ba vazifahoi zudtagyiryobandai strategii rushd va idorakunii mintaqavi mutobiq karda nashudaand va chunin holat ba maqomoti mahalli imkoniyat namedihad, ki ba tahiya va tatbiqi barnomayu naqshahoi miyonamuhlat va darozmuhlati rushdi ijtimoiyu iqtisodii mahal munosibati majmui doshta boshand.
  5. Binobar in zarurati tahiya va qabuli Konsepsiyai darozmuhlati idorakunii rushdi mahal dar Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi davrai to soli 2030 (minbad – Konsepsiya) ba miyon omadaast, ki imkoniyati muayyan namudani samthoi asosi va vazifahoi strategii tashakkuli nizomi muosiri idorakunii mahal va amalishavii samaranoki onro dar jomeai tezinkishofyobanda faroham meorad.

2. Maqsadi Konsepsiya va samthoi asosii rushdi mahal

  1. Maqsadi Konsepsiyai mazkur az tashakkuli samthoi asosi va zaminai siyosiyu tashkili va huquqii idorakunii rushdi mahal, vazifaho baroi takmili idorakunii rushdi mahal, inchunin muayyan kardani mekhanizmho va marhilahoi asosii tatbiqi Konsepsiya iborat meboshad. Konsepsiya hujjati darozmuhlat buda, muqarraroti on hangomi tahiyai barnomayu naqshahoi strategii davlatii rushdi mahal va mintaqaho ba inobat girifta meshavand.
  2. Konsepsiya asosi tashkiliyu siyosi va metodologiro baroi peshburdi aznavsozi dar sathi mahal faroham ovarda, ba tatbiqi hujjathoi strategii qablan qabulnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston, tahiyai sanadhoi meyorii huquqi dar sohai tanzimi funksiyaho, tashkil va sokhtori idorakunii mahal musoidat khohad kard.
  3. Nihoyat, Konsepsiya asoshoi majmuii tashkili, metodologi va huquqiyu moliyaviro jihati tahiyai Strategiyai darozmuhlati islohoti idorakunii mahal dar Jumhurii Tojikiston tashakkul medihad.
  4. Samthoi asosii takmili idorakunii rushdi mahal az inho iborat meboshand:

– mushakhkhassozi va mutanosibgardonii funksiya va vakolatho bayni sathhoi idorakunii markazi va mahallii davlati, inchunin khudidorakunii mahalli bo aznavtaqsimkunii zakhirahoi moddi va moliyavi;

– dar sathi hududi va mahallii idorakuni tashakkul dodani nizomi maqomoti ijroiyai hokimiyati davlati, ki ba prinsiphoi bunyodii idorakunii samaranoki davlati muvofiq buda, baroi rushdi ustuvori ijtimoiyu iqtisodii kishvar sharoiti zaruri faroham meorad;

– jori namudani mekhanizmhoe, ki hambastagii nisbatan zichi strategiyai darozmuhlatro bo ravandi banaqshagiri va ijroi bujeti davlati, inchunin naqsha va strategiyahoi harsolai rushdi sohaho va barnomahoi sarmoyaguzori dar sathi mahalli tamin menamoyad;

– noil gardidan ba taqsimi nisbatan daqiqi funksiyaho, vazifaho va vakolatho oid ba peshkash namudani khizmatrasoni ba aholi, behtar namudani sifat va dastrasii on;

– jori namudani mekhanizmhoi samaranoki nazorat va hisobotdihii maqomoti idorakunii mahalli va rohbaroni onho.

  1. Tatbiqi samthoi asosi va vazifahoi peshbinishudai rushdi mahal imkon medihad zakhirahoi davlati nisbatan mutanosib kharj shavand, ki dar majmu boisi baland gardidani etimodi aholi ba hokimiyati davlati ham dar sathi markazi va ham dar sathi mahalli khohad shud.
  2. Tatbiqi bomuvaffaqiyati hamin Konsepsiya az tashakkuli taminoti dakhldori tashkiliyu ittilooti, kadriyu zakhiravii tadbirhoi tavsiyashavanda, takmili mekhanizmhoi pahn namudani tajribai samarabakhshi idorakunii mahalli va hamohangsozii hamai chorabiniho aloqamandi dorad.

3. Asoshoi siyosiyu tashkili va huquqii takmili idorakunii rushdi mahal dar Jumhurii Tojikiston

  1. Dar jarayoni islohot, ki dar bakhshhoi gunoguni iqtisodiyoti milli amali shuda istodaast, vazifahoi muhim ba zimmai maqomoti mahallii nizomi idorakunii davlati, az jumla khudidorakunii mahalli voguzor shudaand. Bo darnazardoshti in, yak qator tashkilothoi madadrason dar jarayoni tatbiqi loihahoi khud sharh va tahlili funksionalii vazi idorakunii mahalliro anjom dodand. Dar in samt Barnomai rushdi SMM naqshi muhim mebozad. Soli 2013 bo dastgiri va ishtiroki Barnomai rushdi SMM hujjati “Asosho baroi Konsepsiyai takmili idorakunii rushdi mahal dar Jumhurii Tojikiston” tahiya gardid.
  2. Nuqtai ogozi in hujjati goyavi Naqshai amal oid ba tatbiqi Konsepsiyai takmili sokhtori idorakunii davlati dar Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki bo Amri Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston az 29 mayi soli 2009, №AP-1002 tasdiq shudaast, ba hisob meravad.
  3. Hujjati mazkur maqsadhoi takmili nizomi idorakunii davlatiro faro girifta, muhimiyati mushakhkhasgardoni va mutanosibgardonii funksiya va vakolathoro bayni dastgohi markazi va maqomoti hududii hokimiyati davlati, inchunin maqomoti khudidorakunii mahalliro makhsus peshbini menamoyad.
  4. Dar asosi Konsepsiyai takmili sokhtori idorakunii davlati Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston “Dar borai nizomi maqomoti idorakunii davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston” az 16 apreli soli 2012, № 828 qabul gardid, ki dar on mafhumhoi gayrimutamarkazgardoni va gayritajammusozi sharh doda shudaand.
  5. Maqsadi asosii tamomi islohoti nizomi idorakunii davlatii dar Jumhurii Tojikiston guzaronidashavanda az baland bardoshtani sathi sifati zindagii mardumi kishvar va musoidat ba rushdi iqtisodiyot iborat meboshad. Baroi noil gardidan ba in hadafho Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston Strategiyai millii rushdi Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi davrai to soli 2015 (minbad – SMR)-ro qabul namud. YAke az samthoi asosi dar doirai SMR – rushdi idorakunii mamuriyu hududi va tashakkuli nizomi khudidorakunii mukammali mahalli muayyan karda shudaast.
  6. Az SMR Strategiyai baland bardoshtani sathi nekuahvolii mardumi Tojikiston baroi solhoi 2013-2015 (minbad – SBSNMT) sarchashma megirad. Az miyoni samthoi asosii strategii takmili rushdi sohai idorakunii bakhshi davlati dar SBSNMT hamchunin rushdi masalahoi idorakunii mintaqavi va baland bardoshtani nerui maqomoti mahalli va nizomi maqomoti khudidorakuni dar shahrak va dehot peshbini shudaast.
  7. Asosi metodologi baroi guzaronidani islohot dar sohai idorakunii davlati va mahalli Strategiyai islohoti sistemai idorakunii davlati baroi davrai to soli 2015 meboshad, ki dar on rohhoi umumii islohoti idorakunii bakhshi davlati muayyan shudaand.
  8. Dar barobari hujjathoi nombarshuda asoshoi huquqii takmili idorakunii rushdi mahalro Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni) Jumhurii Tojikiston, Qonuni konstitutsionii Jumhurii Tojikiston “Dar borai maqomoti mahallii hokimiyati davlati”, Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston “Dar borai maqomoti khudidorakunii shahrak va dehot”, Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston “Dar borai maqomoti khudfaoliyati jamiyati”, Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston “Dar borai nizomi maqomoti idorakunii davlatii Jumhurii Tojikiston” va qonunhoi digari sohavi tashkil medihand, ki dar onho vazifahoi maqomoti idorakunii mahalli muayyan gardidaand.
  9. Tahlili asoshoi meyorii huquqii nizomi idorakunii mahal nishon dod, ki baze muqarraroti qonunhoi dar bolo zikrgardida holo amali nameshavand. Bo maqsadi dar amal tatbiq namudani zaminai huquqi guzaronidani tahlili sistemavi oid ba muayyansozii faol budani meyorhoi peshbinishuda va amalkunanda, mutobiqsozii qonunguzorii jorii sohai idorakunii mahalli bo digar qonunhoi sohavi, ki dar onho vazifahoi maqomoti idorakunii mahalli va khudidorakunii mahalli muayyan gardidaand, inchunin tajdidi nazari nizomi sanadhoi zerqonuni dar sohai idorakunii mahalli zarur ast.

4. Vazifaho baroi takmili idorakunii mahalli dar Jumhurii Tojikiston

  1. Baroi tatbiqi bomuvaffaqiyati tadbirhoi peshbinishavanda, ki dar bandi 1. Konsepsiyai mazkur ifoda yoftaand, halli masalahoi zayl peshnihod shudaast:

– tasisi mekhanizmhoi hamohangsoz baroi tatbiqi Strategiyai islohoti sistemai idorakunii davlati, az jumla Konsepsiyai idorakunii rushdi mahal dar Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– guzaronidani tahlili majmui oid ba jambasti funksiyahoi maqomoti markazii hokimiyati davlati dar sathi mahal va dar asosi tahlili guzaronidashuda judo namudani funksiyahoi maqomoti markazii hokimiyati davlati, ki az nigohi samaranokii iqtisodi ijroi onho dar sathi mahallii hokimiyati davlati mumkin boshad;

– guzaronidani tahlili funksiyahoi maqomoti mahallii idorakunii davlati va az onho judo namudani funksiyahoe, ki dar marhilai minbadai islohoti idorakunii mahal metavonand ba maqomoti khudidorakunii mahalli voguzor karda shavand;

– guzaronidani tahlili huquqii tamomi sanadhoi meyorii huquqii tanzimkunandai nizomi idorakunii mahallii davlati va khudidorakunii mahalli, inchunin masalahoi banaqshagiri va tatbiqi barnomaho va naqshaho jihati muayyan sokhtani mukholifat bayni onho va tahiyai peshnihodot baroi vorid namudani tagyiru ilovaho ba sanadhoi mazkur;

– guzaronidani tahlili munazzami sistemai mavjudai andoz va siyosati bujeti bo maqsadi muayyan namudani manbahoi dastgirii moliyavii funksiyahoi idorakunii davlati dar sathi mahal va khudidorakunii mahalli;

– tasisi usuli muvofiqi munosibathoi baynibujeti, ki az taqsimoti funksiyaho bayni sathhoi idorakunii davlati barmeoyand;

– guzaronidani tahlili asosnokii iqtisodi va funksionalii taqsimoti mavjudai mamuriyu hududi;

– tahlili sistemai mavjudai nazorati khizmatii maqomoti mahallii idorakunii davlati va maqomoti khudidorakunii mahalli az jonibi maqomoti markazii davlati va tahiyai peshnihodot oid ba takmili on;

– omuzishi korhoi anjomdodai tashkilothoi madadrason dar samti takmili idorakunii mahalli va istifodai malumoti mazkur dar jarayoni takmili idorakunii mahalli;

– ogozi tahiyai barnomai omodasozii kadrhoi (menejerhoi) idorakunanda dar sathi mahalli dar muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbii Jumhurii Tojikiston. Bo in maqsad istifodai imkonoti vasei barnomahoi baynalmilali dar sohai maorif va rushdi hamkori bo muassisahoi tahsiloti olii kasbii digar kishvarho;

– az jonibi Agentii khizmati davlatii nazdi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston va Donishkadai idorakunii davlatii nazdi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston tahiya namudani barnomai bozomuzii rohbaroni maqomoti idorakunii mahalli va maqomoti khudidorakunii mahalliro doir ba tavzehi prinsiphoi takmili idorakunii mahalli va khudidorakunii mahalli, inchunin omuzishi usulhoi muosiri rohbarii maqomoti idorakunii mahalli va khudidorakunii mahalli.

5. Mekhanizm va marhilahoi asosii tatbiqi Konsepsiyai idorakunii rushdi mahal

  1. Nizomi idorakunii ravandi islohot, ki ba takmili sistemai idorakunii maqomoti mahallii hokimiyati davlati baroi davrai to soli 2030 nigaronida shudaast, boyad noil shudan ba hadafho, samarabakhshii guzaronidani hamai chorabiniho, inchunin ustuvorii darozmuhlati natijahoi badastomadaro tamin namoyad. Bo in maqsad mekhanizmi idorakuni boyad dar asosi tatbiqi chorabiniho, bo darnazardoshti barnoma va naqshahoi muvofiqa va tasdiqgardida, nishondihandahoi miqdorii noil shudan ba maqsad, nazorati mutamarkazi sifati idorakunii chorabinihoi islohot sozmon doda shavad.
  2. Baroi tatbiqi islohot dar sohai idorakunii mamuriyu hududi boyad Kumitai rushdi mahali nazdi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston hamchun sokhtori masul tain karda shavad, ki amalhoi muvofiqashudai maqomoti markazii ijroiyai hokimiyati davlati, hamkorii mushtarak bo maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati, inchunin tashkilothoi manfiatdor va jomeai shahrvandiro hangomi guzaronidani chorabiniho doir ba islohoti sistemai idorakunii mahalli tamin menamoyand.
  3. Dar marhilai avvali islohot (solhoi 2015-2020) Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston boyad Naqshai chorabiniho oid ba tatbiqi Konsepsiyai mazkurro tasdiq namuda, loihai Strategiyai islohoti idorakunii mahal dar Jumhurii Tojikistonro tahiya va baroi tasdiq peshnihod namoyad.
  4. Tartibi havasmandgardonii faoliyat oid ba jori namudani standarthoi khizmatrasonihoi davlati va reglamenthoi mamuri boyad muayyan karda shuda, bo maqsadi taqsimi daqiqi uhdadorihoi funksionali bayni sathhoi idorakuni va ba onho intiqol dodani vakolathoi munosib korhoi vobasta ba tahiyai Fehristi funksiya va khizmatrasonihoi davlati ba okhir rasonida shavand. Hamchunin zarur ast, naqshai mushakhkhassozii zina ba zinai vakolatho, funksiyaho va sarchashmahoi mablagguzorii bayni maqomoti markazi va mahallii hokimiyati davlati tahiya karda shavad, ki dar on natijahoi tahlilhoi funksionali, tagyirot dar sokhtori dastgohhoi markazi va vohidhoi hududii maqomoti ijroiya, inchunin natijahoi loihahoi piloti dar sohai taqsimoti vakolatho ba inobat girifta meshavad.
  5. Dar marhilai duyumi islohot (solhoi 2020-2025) bo maqsadi tashakkuli khudidorakunii mahalli, ki qodir ast ba aholi khizmatrasonii khushsifatro peshkash namoyad, dar sathi qonunguzori va institutsionali oid ba rushdi mustaqiliyati moliyavii khudidorakunii mahalli vobasta ba tatbiqi funksiyahoi ba zimmaashon voguzorgardida, bo muayyan namudani molikiyati khudidorakunii mahalli va mutobiqan vobasta namudani huquqi molikiyat boyad tadbirho andeshida shavad.
  6. Ilovatan, dar durnamoi miyonamuhlat boyad vobasta ba samthoi zayl tadbirho andeshida shavand:

– tahkimi nerui maqomoti idorakunii davlati va maqomoti khudidorakuni doir ba masalahoi mamuriyat va idorakuni tavassuti talim va bozomuzii hayati kadrii onho;

– baland bardoshtani samarabakhshii hamkorii mutaqobilai maqomoti ijroiyai hokimiyati davlati va jomeai shahrvandi, inchunin afzun namudani shaffofiyati faoliyati maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati;

– tajdidi sistemai taminoti ittilootii maqomoti ijroiyai hokimiyati davlati tavassuti jori namudani unsurhoi hukumati elektroni;

– tahiya va qabuli sanadhoi meyorii huquqi va tahiyai zaminai metodi baroi takmili sistemai mavjudai nazorat, ravandi kharidi davlati dar sathi mahal, mekhanizmi mablagguzorii ravandhoi mamuriyu idorakuni az hisobi manbahoi beruna (autsorsing);

– tahiya va tatbiqi loihahoi tajribavi dar sohai taqsimoti vakolatho bayni sathhoi hokimiyati davlati va khudidorakunii mahalli va loihahoi tajribavi oid ba jori namudani standarthoi khizmatrasonihoi davlatiyu mahalli ba aholi dar sathi mintaqavi;

– tasisi sistemai monitoring vobasta ba amalishavii hamin Konsepsiya;

– mutanosibgardonii faoliyati maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati va jori namudani mekhanizmhoi aksulamal nisbat ba korrupsiya dar sohahoi faoliyati maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati.

  1. Inchunin bo maqsadi taqsimoti daqiq va ba tartib darovardani vakolatho oid ba masalahoi tashakkulyobii qismi daromad va kharojoti mablaghoi bujeti dar sathi mahal boyad mablagguzorii maqomoti mahalli mutobiq ba uhdadorihoi funksionalii onho tamin karda shavad.
  2. Dar marhilai seyumi islohot (solhoi 2025-2030) boyad taqsimoti mamuriyu hududi mutobiqi aznavtaqsimkunii funksiyaho ba tartib darovarda shuda, meyorhoi taqsimoti mamuriyu hududi va munosibathoi mutaqobilai bayni sathhoi idorakunii davlati va khudidorakunii mahalli muayyan karda shavand.
  3. Mablagguzorii chorabiniho oid ba takmili nizomi idorakunii rushdi mahal az hisobi mablaghoi dar Bujeti davlati peshbinigardida bo jalbi kumaki moliyavi va mashvaratiyu tekhnikii tashkilothoi madadrason amali karda meshavad.
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