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KOM

komKOM (Palatum), sarpushi javfi dahon. Az du qism – sakht (komi pesh) va narm (komi qafo) iborat ast.
K.-i sakhtro shokhahoi komi jogi bolo va lavhachahoi amudii ustukhonhoi kom ba vujud ovardaand. Luobpardae, ki K.-i sakhtro faro giriftaast, az qafo bo K.-i narm payvast ast. Kanori okhiri K.-i narm barjastagie dorad, ki onro zaboncha menomand. K.-i narmro luobparda pushidaast, on az gadudhoi luob va luobu zardob iborat meboshad. Mushakhoi K.-i narm hangomi furu burdani luqma harakathoi murakkab karda, javfi dahonro az halqu bini judo menamoyand.
Az nuqsi inkishofi K. beshtar rogi modarzodii on ba mushohida merasad (nig. Rogkomi). K. metavonad az yagon chizi tez, mas., changakcha, ustukhon va g. oseb yobad. Hangomi sakht zakhmdor shudani K.-i narm onro meduzand. Osebhoi K.-i sakht, odatan, hamroh bo osebhoi javfi bini va jogi bolo ba vujud meoyand. Mamulan in guna jarohatho bo jarrohi tabobat karda meshavand. Bisyor vaqt K. az istemoli khuroki tasfon mesuzad. Onro bo rohi gargara kardani mahluli antiseptikho, romazulon, karotolin va dig. doruho tabobat menamoyand.
Dar luobpardai K.-i kudakoni navzod har guna bemoriho, mas., barfak, qulo va g. paydo meshavand. Ba luobpardai K. guluzindonak, makhmalak, surkhakon, angina, flegmona va dig. bemoriho tasir merasonand. Hangomi vaznin budani jarayoni guluzindonak va illati asabi gumroh mumkin ast mushakhoi K.-i narm falaj shavand. Hamchunin ba K. bisyor bemorihoi iltihobii jog, dahon, gulu, amrozi jimoi (zuhravi) tasir meorand. Dar K. mumkin ast omoshoi gayrisaratoniyu saratoni niz tashakkul yoband. Onho bo jarrohi muolija karda meshavand.
KL
Mushakhoi komi narm (naqsha): 1 – mushake, ki hijobi komro mekashad; 2 – mushake, ki hijobi komro mebardorad; 3 – kashaki bolshakl; 4 – mushaki komu zabon; 5 – mushaki zabonchai kom; 6 – mushaki komu furudihi.

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