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KOMPLEMENT

komplementKOMPLEMENT (lot. complementum – ilovagi), silsilai safedahoi muhofizii zardobi khuni odam va hayvonot, ki dar aksulamalhoi makhsusi podgun (antigen)-podtan (antitela) ishtirok karda, samarai biologii onro meafzoyand. Sistemai K. az 9 unsur iborat ast. Onho bo tartibi muayyan faol gashta, bo kompleksi podgun-podtan payvast meshavand. Dar natijai chunin payvastshavi mumkin ast hujayrahoi hassoskardai podtanho duchori lizis gardand (sitoliz), fagositozi mikroorganizmho taqviyat yobad. Sistemai K. nafaqat vazifai muhofizati dorad, balki on hangomi baze bemoriho dar ravandi vayron kardani boftahoi khudi organizm niz ishtirok menamoyad.
K. dar tarkibi zardobi khuni khukchahoi bahri bisyor ast. Binobar in dar holathoi zaruri az zardobi khuni in jonvar istifoda mekunand. Dar surati nigoh doshtani zardob va muddati 20 daq. garm kardani on (t 56°S) faoliyati K. nest meshavad.

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