Home / Ilm / «KOMILU-S-SINOAT»

«KOMILU-S-SINOAT»

komilu-s-sanoat«KOMILU-S-SINOAT», asari ensiklopedii Ali ibni Abbosi Majusii Ahvozi (vaf. s. 994) dar bobi tib va dorushinosi. Kitob masalahoi asosii tibbi nazariyavi va amalii qadima, inchunin komyobiho va mahsuli tajribai boi khudi Ahvoziro darbar megirad. Nimai duyumi a. 10 ba zaboni arabi talif shudaast. Dar asar tamomi vositahoi nigahdorii tandurusti va tabobati bemoriho darj gardidaast. Kitob az jihati sodagii tabir, tabaqabandi va uslubi ilmii khud az behtarin kitobhoi tibbi ba shumor meravad. Muallif onro baroi podshoh Azududdavlai Buvayhi talif karda, nomi dig. on «Al-Kitobu-l-maliki» meboshad. «K.» az chand qism iborat ast. Qismi avval ba mavzuhoi fiziologiya – namud va shinokhtani mizoj, moe, khilt, quvvathoi badan va digargunshavii onho az tasiri iqlim, sharoiti zindagi bakhshida shudaast. Muvofiqi malumoti S. Kovner (1893) tashreh (anatomiya)-i badan dar «K.» az rui tibbi Jolinus inikos yoftaast, vale muallif oid ba 9 mushaki chashm, ki 3-toi onho dar harakati mijgon ishtirok menamoyand, malumoti daqiq dodaast.
Qismi ziyodi «K.» ba bemoriho va tarzi tashkhis (diagnostika), tashkhisi tafriqi, inchunin ba tabobat va tadbiri onho bakhshida shudaast. Muallif paydoishi bemorihoro ba digargunshavii unsurhoi dokhilii badan va tasiri manfii muhiti atrof vobasta menamoyad.
Qismhoi digari kitob ba shinokhtani nabz va tagyir yoftani on dar asnoi yak qator bemoriho, harorati badan, tadbiri libos, gigienai khurok, muhiti zindagi va g. bakhshida shudaand.
Kitob oid ba paydoishi sang dar dokhili rahm (bachadon)-i zanho, baromadani ustukhonho hangomi avji ikhtiloji mushakho, farqiyati bayni bemorii pes va makhav, usuli jarrohii sangi gurda, istifodai dogsuzi dar tabobati yak qator bemorihoi pust, usulhoi khungiri, shifobakhshii obhoi minerali va usuli istifodai onho malumot medihad. Muallif qand va shirro hamchun gizo va doru baroi tabobati sil tain namudaast. Muallif dar «K.» dar khususi dar hayvonot sanjidani doruhoi nav dastur medihad.
Dar okhiri a. 11 Konstantini Afrikoi «K.»-ro az arabi ba zaboni lotini ba nomi «Pantegnum» tarjuma namud. S. 1127 Stefan Anmokhi takroran in asarro ba zaboni lotini tarjuma kard, ki on badi s. 1492 chand marotiba dar Garb chop shudaast.
Ad.: Kovner S., Istorii arabskoy medisini, Kiev, 1893; «Abhosu-n-nadvayti-l-olamiyti-l-ulo li tarikhi-l-ulum inda-l-arab», j. 1, Halab, 1977.

YU. N. Nuraliev.

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

planet

ZAMIN – SAYYORAI SISTEMAM OFTOBI

Sababhoi tagyiryobii faslhoi sol. Az kursi tabiatshinosi mo medonem, ki Oftob in markazi sistemai oftobii mo …