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KOLIT

kolitKOLIT (Colitis; yun. kolon – rudai gafs), gazaki rudai gafs. K. shadid yo muzmin meguzarad. K.-i shadid binobar siroyat yo zahroludii ruda ba vujud meoyad (nig. Isholi khunin, Zahroludi). K.-i shadid aksar alomati bemorii siroyati buda, dar natijai zahroludi az gizoi badsifat, hangomi mavjud budani kijjai ruda va g. niz inkishof meyobad. Illati ruda az zahrhoi sanoati (simob, arsen, sulema, moddahoi organiki), inchunin az toksinhoe, ki dar asnoi baze bemoriho dar organizm hosil meshavand (K.-i zahroludi), boisi K. megardand. K. dar natijai khudsarona istemol kardani antibiotikho va doruhoi isholovar niz ba amal meoyad.
K.-i muzmin binobar tabobati nopurrai K.-i shadidi siroyati paydo meshavad. Vale on biduni siroyati peshina ham metavonad inkishof yobad. Rioya nakardani tartibi istemoli gizo, nagz nakhoidani khurok, istemoli taomhoi yakkhela, suiistemoli nushokihoi spirtdor va g. boisi gazaki muzmini rudai gafs megardand. Tarzi inkishfi K.-i muzmin khele murakkab ast. Hangomi in bemori harakati ruda va ikhroji luob vayron shuda, jabbishi moe dar rudai gafs khalal meyobad. Disbakterioz, yane tagyiri miqdori va sifatii mikroflorai ruda dar inkishofi K. mavqei muhim dorad. Disbakterioz bahri az khud kardani vitaminho tasiri noguvor merasonad; dar ruda pusish va turshi ba vujud ovarda, jarayoni K.-ro metezonad, mujibi paydoishi allergiya megardad. Zuhuroti K.-i muzmin gunogun buda, ba darajai vaznini, pahnshavi va jarayoni on vobasta ast. Dar davrai khuruji K. beishtihoi, dilbehuzuri, beholi, ishol mushohida meshavad. Dardi shikam khurujmonand buda, ba miyon va atrofi qadkashak meguzarad. Sipas ishol basta qabziyat paydo meshavad. Agar luob khunolud boshad, favran muoina kardani on zarur ast. Baroi K.-i muzmin jarayoni takroryobi, yane ivaz shudani davrai khuruj ba davrai ofiyat (vaqte ki alomathoi kasali qarib purra nest meshavand) khos ast. Istemoli gizoe, ki angezish va reaksiyai allergii rudai gafsro ba vujud meovarad (ochor, konserva, murchu qalanfur, buttameva, mevahoi sitrusi, karam, bodiring va g.), khastagi, dar oftob bisyor gashtan, az had ziyod garm shudani badan, istemoli doruhoi isholovar va ziddibakteriyavi, khuruji bemorihoi dig. uzvhoi hozima boisi inkishofi K. megardand. K.-i muzmin bo rohhoi gunogun – doru, parhez, vositahoi fizioterapevti, tabobati kurortiyu sanatori muolija karda meshavad.
Dar davrai avji K. parhez va tartibi istemoli gizoro, ki dukhtur tain kardaast, boyad rioya namud. Sipas bo dukhtur maslihat karda, voyai khurokro beshtar namudan lozim ast, chunki parhezi duru daroz organizmro az bisyor moddahoi mufid mahrum megardonad. Dar davrai khuruj ba kori vaznini jismoni va ehsosot roh dodan joiz nest.
Baroi peshgirii K.-i muzmin sarivaqt tabobat kardani siroyati shadidi ruda zarur ast. Bisyor odamon dar bemorkhona nakhobida, khudsarona doruhoi gunogunro istemol mekunand. CHunin usuli tabobat nafaqat zarar dorad, balki boisi ba K.- i muzmin guzashtani K.-i shadid megardad. Rioyai tartibi istemoli khurok baroi peshgirii K.-i muzmin ahamiyati kalon dorad. Azbaski gizoi nagz nakhoida uzvhoi hozimaro ba angezish meorad, sarivaqt protez kardani dandonho muhim ast. Hangomi sarukor giriftan bo moddahoi zahrnoke, ki gazaki luobpardai rudaro ba vujud meovarand (mas., surb), qati rioya kardani tekhnikai bekhatari zarur meboshad.

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