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QOQU

kokuQOQU (Taraxcum officinale), guli qahqah, degkafonak, shirgulak, nave az giyohhoi bisyorsola. Poyaash 5 – 30 sm, bazan to 50 sm qad mekashad. Dar nugi poya «sabadak»-i zard hosil shuda, dar har kadomi on to 200 guli tillorang meshukufad. Du marotiba (bahor va tiramoh) gul mekunad. Bargi Q. dar bekhi poya mesabzad. Q dar hama nohiyahoi Tojikiston farovon ast. Odatan dar labi juy, sohili rudho, margzor, talu teppaho, jangalzor, dashtu sahro, bog, kanori rohu nazdi iqomatgohho va g. mesabzad.
Q. giyohi qadimii gizoist. Bargi onro yunoniho va rumihoi qadim chun sabzavot istemol mekardand. Tojikon az bargi Q. va giyohhoi digar sambusai alafi mepazand, bekhi onro taru toza istemol mekunand. Baroi raftani talkhi Q.-ro dar namakob 30 daqiqa tar karda mondan lozim ast.
Q. giyohi mamuli doruist. Bino ba malumoti Teofrast (372 – 287 to m.) Q. dogi kunjitakro barham medihad. Abualii Sino bo obi Q.-i taru toza istisqoro tabobat mekard. Bo «shir»-i Q. «gul»-i chashmro meravond. Az bargu poyai on marhame tayyor namuda, ba joi kajdumgazida mebast, Q.-ro pozahr mehisobid. Bino ba malumoti «Makhzanu-l-adviya»-i Muhammad Husayn khosiyati Q. asosan ba khosiyati kosni monand ast, vale nisbat ba on tasiri sakhttar dorad. Q. khunpartoiro bozmedorad, medaro quvvat mebakhshad. Hokai reshai Q.-ro ba joi gazidai hasharot va hayvonoti zahrnok mebandand.
Tabiboni khalqi Q.-ro baroi tabobati iltihobi jigar, zafarma, illati zahradon, dardi sangi gurdavu masona, diabeti qandi, bavosir, qabziyati medavu ruda, kasalihoi pust, inchunin ba sifati dorui zahraron, mushahhi (ishtihoovar), isholovar va peshobron istifoda mebarand. Az bargi taru tozai Q. khurishe tayyor mekunand, ki kori uzvhoi hozimaro taqviyat mebakhshad.
Dar tibbi ilmi jushobi Q.-ro baroi kushodani ishtiho, qabziyat va chun davoi zardaron kor mefarmoyand. Baroi in 1 chumcha reshai maydakardai Q.-ro dar yak istakon ob 20 daq. mejushonand va badi khunuk shudan polida, ruze 2 – 4 marotiba pesh az khurok ¼ istakon menushand. Qiyomi ravganii Q. davoi khubest baroi jarohathoi sukhtagi. Jushobi reshai onro ba sifati dorui zardaron va ishtihoovar tayin mekunand. Bo in maqsad 3 chumcha (40 g) reshai Q.-ro dar 1 istakon ob 20 daqiqa jushonda, dar yak ruz 2 marotiba pesh az khurok yak istakoni meoshomand. Doruhoi Q.-ro dar amaliyai tibbi muosir asosan chun omili taqviyatbakhshi uzvhoi hozima, ishtihoovar va zahraron istifoda mebarand. Solhoi okhir muayyan kardaand, ki bekhi Q. baroi shakhsoni giriftori ateroskleroz khele mufid ast. Baroi in khokai bekhi khushki onro istemol kardan lozim (dar yak shaboruz pesh az khurok 5 g).
Ad.: Masku YA., Kreycha I., Atlas lekarstvennikh rasteniy, Bratislava, 1972; Turova A. D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh priminenie, M., 1974; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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