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QOIDAHOI HARAKAT DAR ROH (az soli 2017)

QOIDAHOI HARAKAT DAR ROH (Bo qarori Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston az “29” iyuni  soli 2017, № 323 tasdiq shudaast: Matni purra dar sahifai  >>>>

  1. 1. MUQARRAROTI  UMUMI
  1. Qoidahoi harakat dar roh (minbad – Qoidaho) ba Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston “Dar borai harakat dar roh” asos yofta, tartibi yagonai harakatro dar rohhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar menamoyand.
  2. Dar Tojikiston harakati vositahoi naqliyot az tarafi rosti roh muqarrar karda shudaast.
  3. Mafhumhoi asosie, ki dar Qoidahoi mazkur istifoda meshavand:

alomathoi-harakati-roh-02– avtomobil – vositai naqliyoti mekhanikii berels, ki baroi intiqoli odamon yo bor dar rohho istifoda meshavad yo baroi dar rohho kashola karda burdani vositahoi naqliyote, ki baroi intiqoli odamon yo bor istifoda meshavand. Ba avtomobilho kvadritsiklho (motoarobaho) –  vositahoi naqliyoti mekhanikii chorcharkhai doroi majmui idorakunii namudi avtomobili va vazni mujahhazi na ziyoda az 550 kg doshta barobar karda meshavad. Ba avtomobilho traktorho va moshinhoi khudgard mansub nestand;

– avtopoezd (hayati naqliyoti) – vositai naqliyoti mekhanikie, ki bo istifoda az tajhizoti vaslkuni bo yak yo yakchand yadak payvast shudaast;

– avtobus – avtomobil bo shumorai ziyoda az hasht joyi nishast, ba istisnoi joyi nishasti ronanda, ki az ruyi sokhtor va tajhizotash baroi intiqoli bekhataru barohati musofiron va bagoji onho peshbini shudaast;

– avtomobili sabukrav – avtomobilhoe, ki vazni nihoii joizashon az 3500 kg ziyod nest va shumorai joyhoi nishasti onho, ba istisnoi joyi nishasti ronanda, az hasht ziyod nest;

– avtomobili borkash – avtomobilhoe, ki baroi intiqoli bor tain shudaand va vazni nihoii joizi onho az 3500 kg ziyod ast;

– afzaliyat – huquqi dar navbati avval nisbat ba digar ishtirokchiyoni harakat dar roh bo samti peshbinishuda harakat kardan;

– asparoba – vositai naqliyote, ki bo quvvai mushaki hayvon (hayvonho) ba harakat ovarda meshavad;

– bekhatarii harakat dar roh – holati ravandi mazkur buda, inikoskunandai darajai muhofizati ishtirokchiyoni on az hodisahoi rohu naqliyot va oqibathoi onho ast;

– bozistii vositai naqliyot – qati maqsadnoki harakati vositai naqliyot to 5 daqiqa yo ziyodtar az on, hangomi zarur budani in amal baroi ba vositai naqliyot savor kardan (furovardani) musofiron, borgiri (borfurori);

– bozistii majburii vositai naqliyot – qati harakati vositai naqliyot vobasta ba vayronihoi tekhniki yo khatare, ki az bori intiqolshavanda, holati ishtirokchii harakat dar roh va yo moneai dar roh paydoshuda ba vujud meoyad;

– bori khatarnok – modda va ashyoe, ki hangomi intiqoli onho metavonand sababi tarkish, sukhtor gashta, ba hayot va salomatii odamon,  muhiti zist zarar rasonand, arzishhoi moddiro kharob yo nest kunand;

– burdani chashm – holati fiziologii ronanda dar natijai tasiri nuri ravshani ba chashmonash, vaqte ki u imkoniyati obektivona muayyan namudani moneaho yo shinokhtani sarhadi juzhoi rohro dar masofai kutohtarin nadorad;

– vositai naqliyot – mekhanizme, ki baroi bo rohho intiqol namudani odamon, bor yo tajhizoti dar boloi on vaslshuda tain shudaast;

– vositai naqliyoti mekhaniki* – vositai naqliyote, ki tavassuti muharrik ba harakat darovarda meshavad. In istiloh ba traktorho, moshinho va mekhanizmhoi khudgard, hamchunin trolleybusho va vositahoi naqliyoti muharriki barqi doshta, ki doroi surati harakati nihoii konstruktivii besh az 50 km/soat meboshand, pahn megardad.

Ezoh: *Judokunii vositahoi naqliyoti mekhaniki ba kategoriyaho – avtomobili sabukrav, avtomobili borkash, mototsikl, avtobus, trolleybus, tramvay – mutobiq ast ba kategoriyahoi muqarrarnamudai shahodatnomai millii ronandagi;

– vositai naqliyoti marshruti – vositai naqliyoti istifodai umum (avtobus, trolleybus, tramvay va gayra), ki bo khatsayri muqarrargardidai joyhoi bozistiash ishoratshuda harakat mekunad;

– vositai naqliyoti tainoti operativi (favri, makhsus) – vositai naqliyote, ki rangubori makhsus va (yo) signalhoi nuriyu ovozi dorad;

– vositai naqliyoti sustharakat – vositai naqliyoti mekhanikie, ki bo alomati farqkunandai “Vositai naqliyoti sustharakat” ishorat shudaast va az rui sokhti konstruktiviash yo vobasta ba sharoiti tamini bekhatari hangomi intiqoli bor nametavonad bo surati ziyoda az 30 km/soat harakat namoyad;

– vositai naqliyoti relsi – tramvay va platformaho, ki bo tajhizoti makhsus bo rohi tramvay harakat mekunand;

– vositai naqliyoti garonvazn va (yo) buzurghajm – vositai naqliyoti doroi chunin vazn va (yo) andoza, ki baroi harakatashon dar roh ijozati makhsusi maqomoti vakolatdor zarur ast;

– vazni (massai) nihoii joiz – vazni (massai)  mujahhazi vositai naqliyot bo bor, ronanda va musofiron, ki az tarafi korkhonai (zavodi) istehsolkunanda hamchun vazni (massai) nihoii joiz muqarrar karda shudaast. Vazni (massai) nihoii joizi avtopoezd – in jami vazni (massai) nihoii joizi har yak vositai naqliyoti dar hayati avtopoezd  buda meboshad;

– velosiped, velomobil (minbad-velosiped) – vositai naqliyote (gayr az arobachahoi mayubi), ki  bo vositai quvvai mushaki odami (odamoni) dar boloi (dokhili) on buda ba harakat darovarda meshavad;

– guzargohi rohi ohan – joyi burishi roh bo rohhoi ohan dar yak sath;

– guzargohi piyodagard – qitai qismi moshingardi roh, ki baroi guzashtani piyodagardon az qismi moshingardi roh peshbini va bo alomathoi rohi “Guzargohi piyodagard”  va (yo) nishonai ufuqii roh ifoda shudaast;

– didashavandagii nokifoya – didashavandagii roh kamtar az 300 metr bo samti harakat vobasta ba sharoiti nomusoidi bodu havo (boron, barf va digar borishoti atmosferi) va omilhoi digari past shudani shaffofiyati muhit (chang, dud, tuman, gubor);

– didashavandagii mahdud – didashavandagii roh az tarafi ronanda bo samti harakat, ki bo relefi mahal, andozahoi geometrii roh, rastaniho, bino va digar inshoot, inchunin vositahoi naqliyot, mahdud shudaast;

– didashavandagii roh – masofai nihoi bo samti harakat, ki dar on  az joyi nishasti ronanda juziyoti roh va vositahoi tekhnikii tashkili harakat dar roh, ki pesh az vositai naqliyot mavjudand, shinokhta shuda,  hangomi idorai on durust dark karda meshavand;

– ishtirokchiyoni harakat dar roh – shakhsone, ki az rohhoi avtomobilgard va joyhoi digare, ki baroi az yak joy ba joyi digar rasonidani odamon va intiqoli borho tavassuti vositahoi naqliyot peshbini shudaand, istifoda burda, dar ravandi harakat hamchun ronanda, piyodagard, musofir, velosipedron, chorvoron, arobakash va gayra bevosita ishtirok menamoyand;

– intiqoli guruhi mutashakkili kudakon – intiqoli yakvaqtai  hasht va ziyoda az on kudakoni sinnu soli tomaktabi va maktabi bo rohbalad, dar vositai naqliyoti mekhanikie, ki ba vositahoi naqliyoti marshruti mansub nest;

– istgoh – joyi istodani vositahoi naqliyot dar khatsayri hamlu naqli muntazam, ki baroi savorshaviyu furovardani musofiron va intizorii vositahoi naqliyot tajhizonida shudaast;

– idora namudani vositai naqliyot – joyivazkunii  vositai naqliyot nisbat ba mavqei avvalaash tavassuti tasir rasonidan ba juzhoi idorakunii on;

– kanori roh – juzi rohi bo tavri konstruktivi yo bo khatti nishonai rohi yaklukhti ufuqi judokardashuda, ki ba kanori berunii qismi moshingardi roh payvast buda, bo on dar yak sath joygir ast va baroi harakati vositahoi naqliyot peshbini nashudaast, ba gayr az holathoi peshbininamudai hamin Qoidaho. Kanori rohro baroi bozisti va tavaqqufi vositahoi naqliyot, harakati piyodagardon, mopedho, velosipedho (hangomi mavjud nabudani piyodaroha, payrohahoi piyodagardon, velosipedronon yo hangomi mavjud nabudani imkoniyati bo onho harakat kardan), asparoba (chana) istifoda burdan mumkin ast;

– korho dar roh – korho  vobasta ba sokhtmon, tajdid, tamir yo nigohdorii rohi avtomobilgard (kucha), inshooti suni va vositahoi tekhnikii tashkili harakat dar roh;

 izeologii

– kabudizor – qitai zamine, ki ba tavri suni bo alafhoi tabii, kishti gulho, kuchatho va digar rastaniho obod karda shudaast;

– qatorai mutashakkili naqliyot – guruhi iborat az se va ziyoda az on vositahoi naqliyoti mekhanikie, ki bevosita az pasi yakdigar dar yak khatti harakat bo charoghoi nazdiknamoi doimo furuzon tahti mushoiyati vositai naqliyoti tainoti makhsus bo  charogaki makhsusi shulavari rangi kabud yo kabud va surkhi furuzon harakat mekunand;

– moped – vositai naqliyoti mekhanikie, ki tavassuti muharriki hajmi koriash to 50 sm mukaab ba harakat darovarda meshavad va doroi surati harakati nihoii konstruktivie, ki tavsifnomai tekhnikii on na ziyoda az 40 km/soat ast, muayyan karda shudaast. Ba mopedho velosipedho bo muharriki oveza, mokikho va digar vositahoi naqliyoti mekhaniki bo tavsifi tekhnikii shabeh barobar karda meshavand;

– mototsikl – vositai naqliyoti mekhanikii ducharkha bo yadaki pahlui yo be on, ki ba vositai muharriki hajmi koriash 50 sm mukaab va besh az on ba harakat darovarda meshavad. Ba mototsiklho vositahoi naqliyoti mekhanikii secharkha bo vazni mujahhazashon na ziyoda az 400 kg, hamchunin vositahoi naqliyoti mekhanikie, ki bo muharriki hajmi koriash to 50 sm mukaab jihozonida shuda, doroi surati harakati nihoii konstruktivie, ki tavsifnomai tekhnikii on ziyoda az 50 km/soat ast, muayyan karda shudaast, mansuband;

– musofir – shakhs ba gayr az ronanda, ki dar dokhili vositai naqliyot (dar boloi on) meboshad, inchunin shakhse, ki ba vositai naqliyot vorid (savor) meshavad yo az vositai naqliyot mefaroyad va dar dokhili on qaror dorad, ammo ba idorai on aloqa nadorad;

– mahalli aholinishin – hudude, ki vorid shudan ba on va berun shudan az on bo alomathoi rohi “Avvali mahalli aholinishin” va “Okhiri mahalli aholinishin” yo  bo alomathoi rohi “Avvali sarhadi mahalli aholinishin” va “Okhiri sarhadi mahalli aholinishin” ifoda shudaast;

– mintaqai istiqomati – hududi havlihoi imoratho, inchunin qismi mahalhoi aholinishin, ki vorid shudan ba onho va baromadan az onho bo alomathoi roh “Mintaqai istiqomati” va “Okhiri mintaqai istiqomati” ifoda karda shudaand;

– monea baroi harakat dar roh – obekti dar rohi ishtirokchii harakat dar roh joygirbuda, ki uro majbur mesozad surati harakatashro past kunad, onro davr zada guzarad yo bozistad;

– moshini khudgard – traktori tasmacharkh, moshini kishovarzi, rohsozi, sokhtmoni va digar moshin, ki be andeshidani chorahoi ilovagi  oid ba  tamini bekhatarii harakat dar roh baroi ishtirok dar harakat dar roh peshbini nashudaand. Ishtiroki moshinhoi khudgard dar ravandi harakat dar roh mutobiqi talaboti hamin Qoidaho amali megardad;

– mikroavtobus – avtobusi yakoshyona bo shumorai na ziyoda az habdah joyi nishast, bo nazardoshti joyi ronanda;

– manyovrkuni (manyovr) – ogozi harakat, dar rafti harakat joyivazkunii vositai naqliyot az yak khat ba khatti  digar (minbad- joyivazkuni), inchunin gashtani on ba tarafi rost yo chap, tobkhuri, baromadan az qismi moshingardi roh, ba qafo harakat kardan; 

– masofai bozdori – masofai taynamudai vositai naqliyot hangomi bozistii tajili az avvali tasirrasoni ba juzhoi idorakunii majmui bozdori (pedal, dastai bozdori) to joyi bozistii on;

– pul – inshoote, ki baroi harakat az boloi daryo, jari va digar moneaho peshbini shudaast va sarhadi on avval va okhiri ravoqahoi inshoot meboshand;

– piyodagard – shakhse, ki dar harakat dar roh berun az vositai naqliyot ishtirok menamoyad va yagon korero dar roh anjom namedihad. Ba piyodagardon inchunin shakhsone, ki bo arobachahoi mayubii bemuharrik harakat mekunand, velosiped, moped, mototsiklro kashola karda mebarand, chana, aroba, arobachai bachagona yo mayubiro mekashand (mebarand), barobar karda meshavand;

– payrohai piyodagard – juzi roh, ki bo tavri konstruktivi yo bo yorii khathoi nishonai ufuqii roh judo karda shudaast, baroi harakati piyodagardon tain gardida, bo alomati rohi “Payrohai piyodagard” ifoda shudaast;

– piyodaroha – juzi roh, ki hamshafati qismi moshingardi roh meboshad yo az on bo qitai makhsus (kabudizor) judo karda shuda, baroi harakati piyodagardon peshbini gardidaast;

– payrohai velosipedgard – rohi mutobiqgardonidashuda yo ki juzi rohi bo tavri konstruktivi yo bo yorii khatti nishonai ufuqii roh judogardidai baroi harakati ronandagoni velosiped (minbad -velosipedron) peshbinishuda, ki bo alomati rohi “Payrohai velosipedgard” ifoda gardidaast;

– peshguzari – harakati vositai naqliyot bo surati ziyodtar nisbat ba  surati vositai naqliyoti hamsamti dar khatti hamsoya harakatkunanda;

– puli boloi roh – inshooti muhandisi, dar boloi roh (rohhoi ohan), ki ba rohi digar furomadho dorad va harakatro dar sathhoi gunogun tamin menamoyad;

– ronanda – shakhse, ki yagon namudi vositai naqliyotro idora mekunad, galabone (podabone), ki hayvonoti borkash, savori yo podaro bo roh pesh mebarad. Ba ronanda talimdihanda hangomi talimi rondani vositai naqliyot va qabulkunandai imtihoni amalii idora kardani on barobar donista meshavand;

– roh – qismi zamin yo in ki sathi inshooti sunii obodkardashuda yo muvofiqagardondashudai baroi harakati vositahoi naqliyot va piyodagardon istifodashavanda;

– rohi asosi – rohi bo alomathoi “Rohi asosi”, “Burish bo rohi duyumdaraja”, “Payvastshavii rohi duyumdaraja”, “SHohroh” yo “Roh baroi avtomobilho” ifodakardashuda, nisbat ba rohi buridashavanda (hamrohshavanda) yo rohi bo ruypushi sakht (asfalt va sementobeton, masolehi sangi va monandi inho), nisbat ba rohi khoki, yo in ki har dilkhoh roh nisbat ba rohhoi baromad az hududhoi hamshafat. Bevosita pesh az chorroha dar rohi duyumdaraja mavjud budani qitai roh bo ruypush ahamiyati onro bo rohi buridashavanda barobar namesozad;

– roh dodan – talabotero ifoda menamoyad, ki ishtirokchii harakat dar roh naboyad harakatro ogoz kunad, az nav ba harakat daroyad yo harakatro idoma dihad, hamchunin manyovrero anjom dihad, agar in amal tavonad digar ishtirokchiyoni harakatro, ki nisbat ba u haqqi afzaliyat dorand, baroi tagyir dodani samt yo surati harakat majbur sozad;

– rohbandon – jamshavii vositahoi naqliyot dar roh, binobar harakat namudan ba surati nihoyat past nisbat ba surati baroi mintaqai mazkuri roh muqarrargardida;

– safi mutashakkili piyodagardon – guruhi mutashakkili odamone, ki dar qismi moshingardi roh ba yak samt harakat mekunand;

– sabqat – pesh guzashtan az yak yo yakchand vositai naqliyoti harakatkardaistoda, ki bo baromadan ba khatte (tarafi qismi moshingardi roh), ki baroi harakati samti muqobil peshbini shudaast va badan ba khatti pesh ishgolnamuda (tarafi qismi moshingardi roh) bargashtan vobasta meboshad;

– tamini bekhatarii harakat dar roh – faoliyate meboshad, ki baroi peshgirii sababhoi ba amal omadani hodisahoi rohu naqliyot, sabuk gardonidani vazninii oqibathoi on nigaronida shudaast;

– takhograf – tajhizoti nazoratie, ki nasbi on dar vositai naqliyoti mekhaniki bo maqsadi chen kardan va (yo) dar nizomi khudkor ba qayd giriftani malumot oid ba rohi taynamuda, surati harakati vositai naqliyot, dar davrai koru istirohati ronandagoni onho va digar malumot peshbini shudaast;

Matni purra dar sahifai  >>>> 

Inchunin Alomathoi harakati roh ba zaboni tojiki dar sakhifai http://komron.info/cr/alomathoi-harakati-roh/

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