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QOIDAHOI DURUSTI KOR BO KOMPYUTER

Istifodabarandagoni kompyuter bazan soathoi duru daroz dar nazdi monitor nishasta kor mekunand. Makhsusan kudakon va navrason bo bozihoi dustdoshtai kompyuterii khud mashgul shuda, nafahmida memonand, ki onho az meyori zaruri dida ziyodtar dar nazdi kompyuter nishastaand. Dar natija, aksariyati vaqt onhodar borai dardi sar, mondashavii chashmon va khastagi shikoyat mekunand. In besabab nest. Tasvirhoi ekranii monitori kompyuter bo yorii nurhoi elektroni sokhta meshavand. Baroi hamin ham nurfishonii monitor amri zarurist. Garchande monitorhoi hozira bo vositahoi makhsusi himoya az nurfishoniho mujahhaz gardonida shuda boshand ham, vale onho na hamesha sathi bezararii nurfishonihoi elektromagnitiro tamin karda metavonand.

zarari-komputer

Loihakashon va istehsolkunandagoni kompyuterho doimo kushish ba kharj medihand, ki tasiri nomusoidi kompyuter ba salomatii inson har chi kamtar rasad. Onho dar in samt ba natijahoi nazarras niz noil gashtand. Vale novobasta ba in, shakhsone, ki ba tavri intensivi kompyuterro istifoda mebarand, beshtar ba simp-tomhoi shiddati binishi chashm, khastagii umumi, dardi mushakho va gayraho giriftorand. Bo bovarii komil guftan mumkin ast, ki in simptomho az rui nadonistani qoidahoi asosii sanitarigigieni ruy medihand. Agar rejai kori durust tartib doda shavad va informatsiyai zaruri oidi tasiri kompyuter ba salomatii inson dastrasi istifodabarandagon gardonida shavad, on goh na tanho korro dar nazdi kompyuter be zarar gardonidan, balki onro halovatnok niz tashkil namudan mumkin ast.

Baze qoidahoi oddi va khele muhimi istifodabarii bezarari kompyuterho chunin ast:

  1. Utoqe, ki dar on kompyuter guzoshta meshavad, boyad farrokh va ravshan boshad. Agar rushnoi tabii boshad, vaz boz ham behtar megardad. Vale agar az rushnoii suni istifoda burdan zarur boshad, on goh baroi kor lampahoi lyuminestenti khubtarand.
  2. Joi kor boyad az miz (baroi guzoshtani monitor, klaviatura va mush), jevonchai hujjatguzori, kresloi makhsusi nishast va poymonak iborat boshad.
  3. Andozai mizi kori vobasta az andozahoi monitoru klaviatura muayyan karda meshavad, lekin agar taqriban darozii on ba 160 sm va barash ba 90 sm barobar boshad, on goh on baroi kori mutadil kifoya ast. Balandii miz boyad ba balandii qadi istifodabaranda muvofiqat kunad. Dar holati aks az poymonakhoi muvofiq istifoda burdan zarur ast, to ki poyho ovezon naboshand.
  1. Baroi kori bofarogat az kresloi makhsusi harakatkunanda istifoda burdan lozim ast, ki dar on hama qismhoyash tanzimshavanda boshad: balandi, khami pushtmonak, masofai bayni pushtmonak to nishastgoh, takyagohi dastho va gayraho.
  2. Ekrani monitor boyad az chashmon dar masofai na kam az 65-70 sm joygir boshad. Ba ekran az bolo ba poyon tahti kunji 15-20 gradus nigoh kardan lozim ast. Agar in amal gayriimkon boshad, on goh monitorro ba mizi ilovagii duyum guzoshtan zarur ast, ki balandii on az balandii mizi asosi pasttar boshad.
  1. Agar dar utoq ba gayr az shumo digar istifodabarandagon niz faoliyat doshta boshand, on goh joi nishasti onho boyad ba pasi monitor muvofiq naoyad. Nurfishonii monitor hamesha dar qismi muqobili ekranbudai on ziyodtar ast.

Savolho:

  1. Kadom qismi kompyuter metavonad ba salomatii inson tasiri manfi rasonad?
  2. Kadom qoidahoi durusti kor bo kompyuterro medoned?
  3. Ekrani monitor boyad az chashmon dar kadom masofa joygir boshad?
  4. Nurfishonii monitor az pesh ziyod ast yo az qafo?

Suporish:

  1. Matni mavzuro bodiqqat khoned va onro naql kuned.
  2. Koidahoi durusti kor bo kompyuterro dar daftaraton navised.

 

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