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KODEKSI MUROFIAVII JINOYATII JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

 

QISMI I. QISMI UMUMI.. 16

FASLI I. MUQARRAROTI ASOSI.. 16

BOBI 1. QONUNGUZORII MUROFIAVII JINOYATI.. 16

Moddai 1. Qonunguzorie, ki tartibi peshburdi parvandai jinoyatiro muayyan mekunad. 16

Moddai 2. Vazifahoi peshburdi murofiai sudii jinoyati. 16

Moddai 3. Amali Kodeksi murofiavii jinoyati dar makon. 17

Moddai 4. Amali Kodeksi murofiavii jinoyati dar zamon. 17

Moddai 5. Amali Kodeksi murofiavii jinoyati nisbat ba shahrvandi khoriji va shakhsi. 17

Moddai 6. Mafhumhoi asosi. 17

BOBI 2. PRINSIPHOI QONUNGUZORII MUROFIAI  JINOYATI.. 19

Moddai 7. Tatbiqi adolati sudi. 19

Moddai 8. Hifzi sudi. 19

Moddai 9. Qonuniyat hangomi peshburdi parvandahoi jinoyati. 19

Moddai 10. Ehtiromi shanu sharafi shakhs. 19

Moddai 11. Dakhlnopazirii shakhsiyat. 20

Moddai 12. Hifzi huququ ozodihoi shakhs hangomi peshburdi parvandahoi jinoyati. 20

Moddai 13. Dakhlnopazirii manzil. 20

Moddai 14. Mahramiyati mukotiba, suhbathoi telefoni, murosilot, mukhobirot, sirri shakhsi va. 20

Moddai 15. Ehtimoliyati begunohi. 20

Moddai 16. Barobari dar nazdi qonun va sud. 21

Moddai 17. Mustaqiliyati sudyaho. 21

Moddai 18. Zaboni murofiai sudii jinoyati. 21

Moddai 19. Oshkoro  budani muhokimai sudi. 21

Moddai 20. Mubohisa va barobarii tarafho. 21

Moddai 21. Taftishi hamajoniba, purra va kholisonai holathoi kor. 21

Moddai 22. Tamini huquqi himoya ba gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda va. 22

Moddai 23. Huquqi shikoyat namudan az amal va qarorhoi murofia. 22

BOBI 3. ASOSHOI RAD VA QAT NAMUDANI PESHBURDI PARVANDAI  JINOYATI.. 22

Moddai 24. Parvandahoi aybdorkunii khususi, khususi-umumi va umumi. 22

Moddai 25. Huquqi jabrdida ba ishtirok dar taqibi jinoyati. 23

Moddai 26. Uhdadorii ba amal barovardani taqibi jinoyati. 23

Moddai 27. Holathoe, ki peshburdi parvandai jinoyatiro  istisno mekunand. 23

Moddai 28. Rad va qat namudani peshburdi parvandai jinoyati bo ozod kardani shakhs az. 24

Moddai 29. Ozod kardani shakhs az javobgarii jinoyati bo sababi pushaymoni az kirdori khud. 24

Moddai 30. Ozod kardani shakhs az javobgarii jinoyati bo sababi oshti shudan bo jabrdida. 24

Moddai 31. Ozod kardani shakhs az javobgarii jinoyati bo sababi tagyir yoftani vaziyat. 25

Moddai 32. Ozod kardani shakhs az javobgarii jinoyati bo sababi guzashtani muhlati ba. 25

FASLI II. ISHTIROKCHIYONI MUROFIAI SUDII JINOYATI.. 25

BOBI 4. SUD.. 25

Moddai 33. Sudhoe, ki adolati sudiro oid ba parvandahoi  jinoyati amali mekunand. 25

Moddai 34. Hayati sud. 25

Moddai 35. Salohiyati sud. 25

BOBI 5. ISHTIROKCHIYONI MUROFIAI SUDII JINOYATIE, KI TAQIBI JINOYATIRO ANJOM MEDIHAND.. 26

Moddai 36. Prokuror. 26

Moddai 37. Vakolati rohbari maqomoti makhsusgardonidashudai muboriza bo korrupsiya. 27

Moddai 38. Sardori vohidi taftishot. 27

Moddai 39. Mufattish.. 27

Moddai 40. Maqomoti tahqiq. 28

Moddai 41. Sardori vohidi tahqiq va tahqiqbaranda. 28

Moddai 42. Jabrdida. 29

Moddai 43. Aybdorkunandai khususi. 30

Moddai 44. Davogari grajdani. 30

Moddai 45. Namoyandagoni jabrdida, davogari grajdani va aybdorkunandai khususi. 31

BOBI 6. ISHTIROKCHIYONI MUROFIAI JINOYATIE, KI HUQUQ VA MANFIATHOI HUD YO NAMOYANDAGIASHONRO HIMOYA MENAMOYAND.. 31

Moddai 46. Gumonbarshuda. 31

Moddai 47. Aybdorshavanda. 32

Moddai 48.  Namoyandai qonunii nobolig. 33

Moddai 49. Himoyatgar. 33

Moddai 50. Davat, tain va ivaz kardani himoyatgar. 33

Moddai 51. Hatmi budani ishtiroki himoyatgar. 34

Moddai 52. Dast kashidan az himoyatgar. 34

Moddai 53. Salohiyati himoyatgar. 35

Moddai 54. Javobgari grajdani. 36

Moddai 55. Namoyandai javobgari grajdani. 36

BOBI 7. ISHTIROKCHIYONI DIGARI MUROFIAI SUDII JINOYATI.. 37

Moddai 56. SHohid. 37

Moddai 57. Mutakhassis. 37

Moddai 58. Korshinos (ekspert) 38

Moddai 59. Tarjumon. 38

Moddai 60. SHakhsi kholis. 39

BOBI 8. HOLATHOE, KI IMKONIYATI ISHTIROKRO DAR MUROFIAI SUDII JINOYATI ISTISNO MEKUNAND.. 39

Moddai 61. Holathoe, ki ishtiroki sudyaro dar barrasii parvandai jinoyati istisno mekunand. 40

Moddai 62. Holathoe, ki ishtiroki takrorii sudyaro dar barrasii parvandai jinoyati istisno. 40

Moddai 63. Rad kardani sudya. 40

Moddai 64.  Tartibi halli raddiyae, ki nisbat ba sudya arz shudaast. 40

Moddai 65. Rad kardani prokuror. 41

Moddai 66. Rad kardani mufattish va tahqiqbaranda. 41

Moddai 67. Rad kardani kotibi majlisi sud. 41

Moddai 68. Rad kardani tarjumon. 41

Moddai 69. Rad kardani korshinos. 42

Moddai 70. Rad kardani mutakhassis. 42

Moddai 71. Holathoe, ki ishtiroki himoyatgar, namoyandai jabrdida, davogari grajdani yo. 42

FASLI III. DALELHO VA ISBOT. 42

BOBI 9. DALELHO.. 42

Moddai 72. Dalelho. 43

Moddai 73. Nishondodi shohid. 43

Moddai 74. Nishondodi jabrdida. 43

Moddai 75. Nishondodi gumonbarshuda. 43

Moddai 76. Nishondodi aybdorshavanda. 43

Moddai 77. Hulosa va nishondodi korshinos. 43

Moddai 78. Dalelhoi shayi. 44

Moddai 79. Nigoh doshtani dalelhoi shayi. 44

Moddai 80. Muhlathoi nigoh doshtani daleli shayi. 45

Moddai 81. Protokoli amali taftishi va majlisi sud. 45

Moddai 82. Hujjathoi digar. 45

Moddai 83. Ba parvanda hamroh kardan, nigoh doshtan va pasgardonidani hujjat. 45

Moddai 84. Istifodai natijahoi faoliyati operativi-justujui. 45

BOBI 10. ISBOT. 46

Moddai 85. Holathoe, ki oid ba parvandai jinoyati boyad isbot karda shavand. 46

Moddai 86. Jam ovardani dalel. 46

Moddai 87. Taftishi dalelho. 46

Moddai 88. Bahodihii dalelho. 47

Moddai 881. Dalelhoi gayri qobili qabul. 47

Moddai 89. Preyuditsiya. 48

Moddai 90. Holathoe, ki doir ba parvandai jinoyati nisbat ba noboligon boyad muqarrar karda. 48

FASLI IV. CHORAHOI MAJBURKUNII MUROFIAVI.. 48

BOBI 11. DASTGIR KARDANI SHAHS.. 48

Moddai 91. Dastgir kardani shakhs. 48

Moddai 92. Dastgir kardan dar asosi gumoni bevosita dar sodir namudani jinoyat. 49

Moddai 93. Huquqi shahrvand ba dastgir kardani shakhsi jinoyatsodirkarda  49

Moddai 94. Tartibi dastgir namudani gumonbarshuda. 49

Moddai 95. Dastgir kardani aybdorshavanda baroi elon kardani ayb. 50

Moddai 96. Dastgir kardani aybdorshavanda to ba habs giriftani u dar asosi qarori maqomoti. 50

Moddai 97. Dastgir kardani mahkumshuda to halli masalai bekor kardani shartan tatbiq. 50

Moddai 98. Tartibi dar habs nigoh doshtani gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda. 51

Moddai 99. Ozod kardani dastgirshuda. 51

Moddai 100. Habar dodan dar borai dastgirkuni. 51

BOBI 12. CHORAHOI PESHGIRI.. 51

Moddai 101. CHorahoi peshgiri. 51

Moddai 102. Asoshoi tatbiqi chorahoi peshgiri. 52

Moddai 103. Tatbiq va muhlati amali chorai peshgiri dar haqqi gumonbarshuda. 52

Moddai 104. Tartibi tatbiq namudan, tagyir dodan va yo bekor kardani chorai peshgiri. 52

Moddai 105. Zabonkhat dar borai tark nakardani mahalli istiqomat. 53

Moddai 106. Kafolati shakhsi. 53

Moddai 107. Tahti nazorati farmondehii qismi harbi suporidani khizmatchii harbi. 53

Moddai 108. Tahti parastori suporidani noboligi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo. 53

Moddai 109. Garav. 54

Moddai 110. Habsi khonagi. 54

Moddai 111. Ba habs giriftan. 55

Moddai 112. Muhlati nigoh doshtan dar habs va tartibi daroz kardani on  56

BOBI 13. CHORAHOI DIGARI MAJBURII MUROFIAVI.. 57

Moddai 113. Asosho baroi tatbiqi chorahoi digari majburii  murofiavi  57

Moddai 114. Muvaqqatan dur kardan az vazifa. 57

Moddai 115. Majburan ovardan. 58

Moddai 116. Habsi molu mulk. 58

Moddai 117. Jarima. 58

Moddai 118. Tartibi taini jarima va ba foidai davlat guzaronidani mablagi garav. 58

BOBI 14. SHIKOYAT AZ AMAL VA QARORI SUD.. 59

Moddai 119. SHikoyat. 59

Moddai 120. Muhlati peshnihodi shikoyat. 59

Moddai 121. Bozdoshtani ijroi qaror vobasta ba shikoyat. 59

Moddai 122. Tartibi umumii barrasii shikoyat. 59

Moddai 123. SHikoyat az amal (beamali) va qarori maqomoti tahqiq, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish.. 60

Moddai 124. Tartibi sudii barrasii shikoyat az qarori prokuror. 60

Moddai 125. SHikoyat az qarori sud yo etiroz ba on. 60

FASLI V. DIGAR MUQARRAROTI UMUMI.. 61

BOBI 15. DAVOI GRAJDANI DAR PARVANDAI JINOYATI.. 61

Moddai 126. Davoi grajdanie, ki dar parvandai jinoyati barrasi karda meshavad. 61

Moddai 127. Peshnihodi davoi grajdani. 61

Moddai 128. Etirof namudani davogari grajdani. 61

Moddai 129. Rad kardani etirofi davogari grajdani. 61

Moddai 130. Jalb namudan ba sifati javobgari grajdani dar parvandai jinoyati. 62

Moddai 131. Tatbiqi qoidaho dar borai asosho, shartho, hajm va tarzi ruyonidani zarar. 62

Moddai 132. Dast kashidan az davoi grajdani. 62

Moddai 133. Qaror oid ba davoi grajdani. 62

Moddai 134. Tamini ijroi hukm dar qismi davoi grajdani. 63

Moddai 135. Ijroi hukm va tainoti sud dar qismi davoi grajdani. 63

BOBI 16. MUHLAT VA HAROJOTI MUROFIAVI.. 63

Moddai 136. Bahisobgirii muhlat. 63

Moddai 137. Oqibathoi guzaronidani muhlat va barqaror namudani on. 64

Moddai 138. Harojoti murofiavi. 64

Moddai 139. Sitonidani kharojoti murofiavi. 64

QISMI II. QISMI MAHSUS.. 65

FASLI VI. PESHBURDI TOSUDII PARVANDAI JINOYATI.. 65

BOBI 17. SABAB VA ASOSHOI OGOZI PARVANDAI JINOYATI.. 65

Moddai 140. Asoshoi ogozi parvandai jinoyati. 65

Moddai 141. Ariza dar borai jinoyat. 65

Moddai 142. Hozir shudan bo iqrori gunoh. 66

Moddai 143.  Ittilooti shakhsi mansabdori korkhona, muassisa va tashkilot dar borai jinoyat. 66

Moddai 144. Ittilooti vositahoi akhbori omma. 66

Moddai 145. Hatmi budani qabul va barrasii arizayu ittiloot dar borai jinoyat. 66

BOBI 18. TARTIBI OGOZI PARVANDAI JINOYATI.. 67

Moddai 146. Ogozi parvandai jinoyatii aybdorkunii umumi. 67

Moddai 147. Ogozi parvandai jinoyatii aybdorkunii khususi- umumi. 67

Moddai 148. Ravon kardani parvandai  ogozshuda. 67

Moddai 149. Rad kardan az ogozi parvandai jinoyati. 67

Moddai 150. Nazorati prokuror jihati qonuni budani ogozi parvandai jinoyati. 68

FASLI VII. TAHQIQ VA TAFTISHI PESHAKI.. 68

BOBI 19. TAHQIQ. 68

Moddai 151. Tahqiqi parvandahoi jinoyati. 68

Moddai 152. Faoliyati maqomoti tahqiq. 68

Moddai 153. Faoliyati maqomoti tahqiq dar mavridi parvandahoe, ki doir ba onho taftishi. 68

Moddai 154. Tartibi tahqiqi parvandahoi jinoyatie, ki peshburdi taftishi peshakii onho. 69

Moddai 155. Muhlati peshburdi tahqiq. 69

Moddai 156. Holathoi istisnoii peshburdi hatmii taftishi peshaki. 69

Moddai 157. Anjom dodan va bozdoshtani tahqiq. 69

Moddai 158. Vakolathoi prokuror oid ba nazorati peshburdi tahqiq. 70

BOBI 20. SHARTHOI UMUMII TAFTISHI PESHAKI.. 70

Moddai 159. Maqomoti taftishi peshaki. 70

Moddai 160. Peshburdi hatmii taftishi peshaki. 70

Moddai 161. Tobeiyati taftishi peshakii parvandahoi jinoyati. 70

Moddai 162. Mahalli peshburdi taftishi peshaki. 72

Moddai 163. Ogozi peshburdi taftishi peshaki. 72

Moddai 164. Muhlati peshburdi taftishi peshaki. 72

Moddai 165. Anjomi taftishi peshaki. 73

Moddai 166. YAkjoya kardani parvandahoi jinoyati. 73

Moddai 167. Judo kardani parvandahoi jinoyati yo mavod. 73

Moddai 1671. Barqaror namudani parvandai jinoyati. 73

Moddai 168. Vakolathoi prokuror oid ba nazorati ijroi qonunho hangomi tahqiq va taftishi. 74

Moddai 169. Peshburdi taftishi peshaki az jonibi guruhi mufattishon. 75

Moddai 170. Vakolati rohbari guruhi taftishot. 75

Moddai 171. Qoidahoi umumii peshburdi amali taftishi. 75

Moddai 172. Protokoli amali taftishi. 75

Moddai 173. Tasdiqi voqeiyati  dast kashidan az imzo yo gayriimkon budani imzoi protokoli. 76

Moddai 174. Hatmi budani fahmondan va tamini huquqi ishtirokchiyoni murofiai jinoyati. 77

Moddai 175. Hatmi budani barrasii darkhost. 77

Moddai 176. CHorahoi parastori nisbati kudak, muhtojon va hifzi molu mulki gumonbarshuda yo. 77

Moddai 177. Noravoii fosh kardani malumoti taftishi  peshaki. 77

Moddai 178. Peshnihod oid ba rafi holathoe, ki ba sodir shudani jinoyat va digar. 77

Moddai 179. Ishtiroki mutakhassis. 78

Moddai 180. Ishtiroki tarjumon. 78

Moddai 181. Ishtiroki shakhsoni kholis. 78

BOBI 21. AZNAZARGUZARONI, SHAHODATKUNONI, OZMOISHI (EKSPERIMENTI) TAFTISHI.. 78

Moddai 182. Asos baroi peshburdi aznazarguzaroni. 78

Moddai 183. Tartibi peshburdi aznazarguzaroni. 78

Moddai 184. Aznazarguzaronii jasad, eksgumatsiya. 79

Moddai 185. Aznazarguzaroni va nigahdoshti dalelhoi shayi. 79

Moddai 186. SHahodatkunoni. 80

Moddai 187. Protokoli aznazarguzaroni va shahodatkunoni. 80

Moddai 188. Ozmoishi (eksperimenti) taftishi. 80

Moddai 189. Protokoli ozmoishi taftishi. 81

BOBI 22. KOFTUKOV, YOFTA GIRIFTAN, HABSI MUROSILOTI POCHTA, HABARHOI TELEGRAFI VA HABARHOI DIGARE, KI TAVASSUTI SHABAQAHOI ALOQAI BARQI VA ALOQAI POCHTA INTIQOL MESHAVAND, GUSH KARDAN VA SABTI GUFTUGUI TELEFONI.. 81

Moddai 190. Asosho baroi guzaronidani koftukov. 81

Moddai 191. Asosho baroi daryoft kardan. 81

Moddai 192. Tartibi anjom dodani koftukov va daryoft kardan. 81

Moddai 193. Koftukovi shakhsi. 82

Moddai 194. Protokoli koftukov va daryoft kardan. 82

Moddai 195. Habsi murosiloti pochta, khabarhoi telegrafi va khabarhoi digare. ki tavassuti. 83

Moddai 196. Gush va sabt kardani guftugu. 83

BOBI 23. PURSISH, RUBARUKUNI, SHINOHTAN VA SANJISHI NISHONDOD DAR JOI HODISA.. 84

Moddai 197. Joi pursish.. 84

Moddai 198. Tartibi davat ba pursish.. 84

Moddai 199. Qoidahoi umumii pursish.. 85

Moddai 200. Protokoli pursish.. 85

Moddai 201. Istifodai sabti ovoz va video hangomi pursish.. 86

Moddai 202. Tartibi pursishi shohid va jabrdida. 86

Moddai 203. Hususiyati pursishi shohid yo jabrdidai nobolig 86

Moddai 204. Rubarukuni. 87

Moddai 205. Nishon dodan baroi shinokhtan. 87

Moddai 206. Tartibi nishon dodan baroi shinokhtan. 88

Moddai 207. Sanjishi nishondod dar joi hodisa. 88

BOBI 24. EKSPERTIZA.. 89

Moddai 208. Tartibi taini ekpertiza. 89

Moddai 209. Taini hatmii ekspertiza. 89

Moddai 210. Huquqi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda, jabrdida hangomi tain va. 89

Moddai 211. Guzaronidani ekspertiza dar muassisai eksperti. 90

Moddai 212. Guzaronidani ekspertiza berun az muassisai eksperti. 90

Moddai 213. Ekspertizai komissioni. 90

Moddai 214. Ekspertizai kompleksi. 90

Moddai 215. Giriftani namunaho baroi tahqiqoti muqoisavi. 91

Moddai 216. Baroi guzaronidani ekspertiza dar muassisai tibbi joygir kardan. 91

Moddai 217. Mazmuni khulosai korshinos. 91

Moddai 218. Pursishi korshinos. 92

Moddai 219. Ba gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda va jabrdida  peshnihod kardani khulosai ekspertiza. 92

Moddai 220. Ekspertizai ilovagi va takrori. 92

BOBI 25. ELON KARDANI AYB VA PURSISHI AYBDORSHAVANDA.. 92

Moddai 221. Ba javobgari kashidan ba sifati aybdorshavanda. 92

Moddai 222. Qaror dar borai ba javobgari kashidan ba sifati aybdorshavanda. 93

Moddai 223. Tartibi davati aybdorshavanda. 93

Moddai 224. Hatmi budani hozir shudani aybdorshavanda. 93

Moddai 225. Elon kardani ayb. 94

Moddai 226. Dar taftishi peshaki fahmonda dodani huquqhoi   aybdorshavanda. 94

Moddai 227. Pursishi aybdorshavanda. 94

Moddai 228. Protokoli pursishi aybdorshavanda. 95

Moddai 229. Tagyir dodan, ilova va yo qisman qat kardani aybi elonshuda. 95

BOBI 26. BOZDOSHTAN VA AZ NAV SAR KARDANI TAFTISHI PESHAKI.. 95

Moddai 230. Asos, tartib va muhlati bozdoshtani taftishi peshaki. 95

Moddai 231. Amali mufattish pas az bozdoshtani taftishi peshaki. 95

Moddai 232. Koftukovi aybdorshavanda. 96

Moddai 233. Az nav sar kardani taftishi peshakii bozdoshtashuda. 96

BOBI  27. QAT KARDANI PARVANDAI JINOYATI.. 96

Moddai 234. Asoshoi qat kardani parvandai jinoyati. 96

Moddai 235. Qaror dar borai qat kardani parvandai jinoyati. 97

Moddai 236. Amali mufattish pas az qati parvandai jinoyati. 97

Moddai 237. SHikoyat kardan az qarori qati parvandai  jinoyati. 97

Moddai 238. Az nav sar kardani peshburdi parvandai jinoyatii qatshuda  98

BOBI 28. BA PROKUROR IRSOL KARDANI PARVANDAI JINOYATI BO FIKRI AYBDORKUNI.. 98

Moddai 239. Eloni anjomi taftishi peshaki oid ba parvandai jinoyati  98

Moddai 240. Bo mavodi parvandai jinoyati shinos kardani jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onho. 98

Moddai 241. SHinos kardani aybdorshavanda va himoyatgari u bo mavodi parvanda. 98

Moddai 242. Protokol dar borai shinosoi bo mavodi parvandai jinoyati  99

Moddai 243. Arzi darkhost va barrasii on. 99

Moddai 244. Fikri aybdorkuni. 100

Moddai 245. Zamima ba fikri aybdorkuni. 100

Moddai 246. Ba prokuror irsol kardani parvandai jinoyati. 100

BOBI 29. AMAL VA QARORI PROKUROR OID BA PARVANDAI JINOYATIE, KI BO FIKRI AYBDORKUNI VORID SHUDAAST. 100

Moddai 247. Masalahoero, ki prokuror vobasta ba parvandai jinoyatii bo fikri aybdorkuni voridshuda hal mekunad. 101

Moddai 248. Qarori prokuror oid ba parvandae, ki bo fikri aybdorkuni vorid gardidaast. 101

Moddai 249. Qaror dar borai chorahoi peshgiri. 101

Moddai 250. Ba sud irsol kardani parvandai jinoyati. 102

QISMI III. PESHBURDI SUDI.. 102

FASLI VIII. PESHBURDI PARVANDAI JINOYATI DAR SUDI MARHILAI YAKUM   102

BOBI 30. TOBEIYATI SUDI.. 102

Moddai 251. Tobeiyati sudii parvandahoi jinoyati. 102

Moddai 252. Tobeiyati parvandahoi jinoyati ba sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, 102

Moddai 253. Tobeiyati parvandahoi jinoyati ba Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston. 102

Moddai 254. Tobeiyati parvandahoi jinoyati ba sudhoi harbi. 103

Moddai 255. Huquqi sudi boloi baroi ba barrasi giriftani parvandahoi jinoyatii tobei sudi. 103

Moddai 256. Tobeiyati sudii hududii parvandahoi jinoyati. 103

Moddai 257. Muayyan kardani tobeiyati sudi hangomi yakjoya kardani parvandahoi jinoyati. 104

Moddai 258.  Supurda shudani parvandai jinoyati az rui tobeiyati sudi. 104

Moddai 259. Ba sudi digar supurdani parvandai jinoyati az sude, ki tahti tobeiyati sudii on qaror dorad. 104

Moddai 260. Noravoii bahs dar borai tobeiyati sudi. 104

BOBI 31. TAINI MUHOKIMAI SUDI VA OMODAGI BA ON.. 104

Moddai 261. Salohiyati sudya oid ba parvandai ba sud voridshuda. 104

Moddai 262. Muayyan namudani holathoi vobasta ba parvandai jinoyatii ba sud voridshuda. 105

Moddai 263. Tain kardani majlisi sud. 105

Moddai 264. Bargardonidani parvandai jinoyati baroi taftishi ilovagi  106

Moddai 265. Bozdoshtani peshburdi parvandai jinoyati. 106

Moddai 266. Ravon kardani parvandai jinoyati az rui tobeiyati sudi. 106

Moddai 267. CHorahoi tamini davoi grajdani va musodirai  molu mulk  106

Moddai 268. Qat kardani peshburdi parvandai jinoyati. 106

Moddai 269. Tayyor namudani muhokimai sudi. 107

Moddai 270. Ba tarafho tamin namudani imkoniyati shinosoi bo mavodi parvanda. 107

Moddai 271. Muhlati ogozi muhokimai parvandai jinoyati dar majlisi sud  107

BOBI 32. SHARTHOI UMUMII MUHOKIMAI SUDI.. 107

Moddai 272. Muhokimai bevosita va shifohii sudi. 107

Moddai 273. Muhokimai oshkoroi sudi. 107

Moddai 274. Tagyirnopazirii hayati sud hangomi muhokimai parvandai jinoyati. 108

Moddai 275. Mashvaratchii khalqii ehtiyoti. 108

Moddai 276. Raisikunanda dar majlisi sud. 108

Moddai 277. Barobarhuquqii tarafho dar muhokimai sudi. 108

Moddai 278. Kotibi majlisi sud. 108

Moddai 279. Ishtiroki aybdorkunandai davlati dar muhokimai sudi. 109

Moddai 280. Ishtiroki sudshavanda dar muhokimai sudi. 109

Moddai 281. Ishtiroki himoyatgar dar muhokimai sudi. 110

Moddai 282. Ishtiroki jabrdida dar muhokimai sudi. 110

Moddai 283. Ishtiroki davogari grajdani yo javobgari grajdani dar muhokimai sudi. 110

Moddai 284. Ishtiroki mutakhassis dar muhokimai sudi. 110

Moddai 285. Haddi muhokimai sudi. 110

Moddai 286. Mavquf guzoshtan va bozdoshtani muhokimai sudi. 111

Moddai 287. Bargardonidani parvanda baroi taftishi ilovagi. 111

Moddai 288. Qat namudani parvanda dar majlisi sud. 111

Moddai 289. Halli masalai chorai peshgiri. 111

Moddai 290. Tartibi barovardani tainot va qaror dar  majlisi sud. 112

Moddai 291. Tartibi majlisi sud. 112

Moddai 292. CHorahoi tasir rasonidan baroi rioya nakardani tartibot dar majlisi sud. 112

Moddai 293. Protokoli majlisi sud. 112

Moddai 294. Erodho ba protokoli majlisi sud. 113

Moddai 295. Barrasii erodho doir ba protokoli majlisi sud. 113

BOBI 33. QISMI OMODASOZII MAJLISI SUD.. 113

Moddai 296. Ogozi majlisi sud. 113

Moddai 297. Muayyan kardani hozirshavi ba sud. 114

Moddai 298. Ba tarjumon fahmondani huququ uhdadorihoyash.. 114

Moddai 299. Barovardani shohidon az tolori majlisi sud. 114

Moddai 300. Muayyan namudani shakhsiyati sudshavanda va sari vaqt ba u supurdani nuskhai fikri aybdorkuni. 114

Moddai 301. Eloni hayati sud, digar ishtirokchiyoni murofia va fahmondani huquqi rad. 114

Moddai 302. Ba sudshavanda fahmondani huquqhoyash.. 115

Moddai 303. Ba jabrdida, davogari grajdani va javobgari grajdani fahmondani huquqhoyashon. 115

Moddai 304. Ba korshinos fahmondani huququ uhdadorihoyash.. 115

Moddai 305. Ba mutakhassis fahmondani huququ uhdadorihoyash.. 115

Moddai 306. Izhori darkhost va barrasii on. 115

Moddai 307. Halli masala dar borai imkonpazirii barrasii parvandai jinoyati hangomi ishtirok nadoshtani  yake az ishtirokchiyoni muhokimai sudi  115

BOBI 34. TAFTISHI SUDI.. 116

Moddai 308. Ogozi taftishi sudi. 116

Moddai 309. Muqarrar namudani tartibi tahqiqi dalelho. 116

Moddai 310. Tartibi soddakardashudai taftishi sudi. 116

Moddai 311. Pursishi sudshavanda. 117

Moddai 312. Eloni nishondodi sudshavanda. 117

Moddai 313. Pursishi jabrdida. 117

Moddai 314. Pursishi shohid. 117

Moddai 315. Az jonibi jabrdida va shohid istifoda burdani  sabthoi khatti va hujjatho. 118

Moddai 316. Hususiyathoi pursishi jabrdida va shohidi nobolig 118

Moddai 317. Eloni nishondodi jabrdida va shohid. 118

Moddai 318. Guzaronidani ekspertiza dar sud. 119

Moddai 319. Pursishi korshinos. 119

Moddai 320. Guzaronidani ekspertizai ilovagi yo takrori. 119

Moddai 321. Aznazarguzaronii dalelhoi shayi. 119

Moddai 322. Eloni protokoli amali taftishi va hujjatho. 120

Moddai 323. Aznazarguzaronii mahal va bino. 120

Moddai 324. Guzaronidani ozmoishi (eksperimenti) taftishi. 120

Moddai 325. Nishondihi baroi shinokhtan. 120

Moddai 326. SHahodatkunoni. 120

Moddai 327.  Anjomi taftishi sudi. 121

BOBI 35. MUZOKIRAI SUDI VA SUHANI  OHIRINI SUDSHAVANDA.. 121

Moddai 328. Mazmun va tartibi muzokirai sudi. 121

Moddai 329. Sukhani okhirini sudshavanda. 121

Moddai 330. Az nav sar kardani taftishi sudi. 121

Moddai 331. Ba khonai mashvarati daromadani sud, sudya. 122

BOBI 36. BAROVARDANI HUKM.. 122

Moddai 332. Az nomi Jumhurii Tojikiston barovardani hukm.. 122

Moddai 333.  Talabote, ki nisbat ba hukm peshnihod karda meshavand. 122

Moddai 334. Makhfi budani mashvarati sudyaho. 122

Moddai 335.  Masalahoe, ki sud hangomi barovardani hukm hal mekunad  122

Moddai 336. Halli masalai mukallafii sudshavanda. 123

Moddai 337. Tartibi mashvarati sudyaho hangomi barrasii dastajamonai parvanda. 123

Moddai 338. Namudhoi hukm.. 123

Moddai 339. Asoshoi qabuli hukmi aybdorkunanda. 123

Moddai 340. Asoshoi barovardani hukmi safedkunanda. 124

Moddai 341. Tartib dodani hukm.. 124

Moddai 342. Qismi muqaddimavii hukm.. 124

Moddai 343. Qismi bayoniyu asosnokkunii hukmi aybdorkunanda. 125

Moddai 344. Qismi khulosavii hukmi aybdorkunanda. 125

Moddai 345. Qismi bayoniyu asosnokkunii hukmi safedkunanda. 125

Moddai 346. Qismi khulosavii hukmi safedkunanda. 125

Moddai 347. Digar masalahoe, ki boyad dar qismi khulosavii hukm hal karda shavand. 126

Moddai 348. Eloni hukm.. 126

Moddai 349. Ozod kardani sudshavanda az habs. 126

Moddai 350. Supurdani nuskhai hukmi sud. 126

Moddai 351. Masalahoe, ki sud hamzamon bo barovardani hukm hal mekunad. 126

Moddai 352. Dodani imkoniyati vokhuri bo mahkumshuda. 127

BOBI 37. PESHBURDI PARVANDAI AYBDORKUNII HUSUSI.. 127

Moddai 353. Tobeiyati sudii parvandai aybdorkunii khususi. 127

Moddai 354. Ogoz kardani parvandai aybdorkunii khususi. 127

Moddai 355. Vakolathoi sud oid ba parvandai aybdorkunii khususi to ogozi muhokimai sudi. 127

Moddai 356. Barrasii parvanda dar majlisi sud. 128

FASLI IV. AZ NAV  DIDA BAROMADANI HUKM, TAINOT VA QARORE, KI ETIBORI QONUNI PAYDO NAKARDAAND.. 128

BOBI 38. SHIKOYAT VA ETIROZI KASSATSIONI AZ QARORI SUD, KI ETIBORI QONUNI PAYDO NAKARDAAST. 128

Moddai 357. Huquqi ovardani shikoyat va etirozi kassatsioni az hukm.. 128

Moddai 358. Tartibi shikoyat kardan va etiroz ovardan ba hukmho. 128

Moddai 359. Muhlathoi shikoyat kardan va etiroz ovardan ba hukmho. 129

Moddai 360. Tartibi barqaror namudani muhlati shikoyat  kardan va etiroz ovardan. 129

Moddai 361. Ogoh kardani tarafho az shikoyat va etirozi peshnihodshuda  129

Moddai 362. Oqibathoi shikoyat kardan va etiroz ovardan. 129

Moddai 363. SHikoyat kardan va etiroz ovardan az tainoti (qarori) sudi marhilai yakum.. 130

BOBI 39. BA TARIQI KASSATSIONI BARRASI KARDANI PARVANDAI JINOYATI.. 130

Moddai 364. Mavzui muhokimai sudi dar marhilai kassatsioni. 130

Moddai 365. Hayati  sud  hangomi  barrasii  parvandae, ki az on shikoyat karda va ba on etirozi kassatsioni ovarda shudaast. 130

Moddai 366. Muhlathoi barrasii parvanda dar sudi marhilai kassatsioni. 130

Moddai 367. SHikoyat yo etirozi kassatsioni. 131

Moddai 368. Taini majlisi sudi marhilai kassatsioni. 131

Moddai 369. Tartibi barrasii parvanda az jonibi sudi marhilai kassatsioni. 131

Moddai 370. Haddi barrasii parvanda dar sudi  marhilai kassatsioni  132

Moddai 371. Qarore, ki sudi marhilai kassatsioni qabul mekunad. 132

Moddai 372. Asosho baroi bekor kardan yo tagyir dodani hukm dar sudi  marhilai kassatsioni. 132

Moddai 373.  YAktarafa yo nopurra budani tahqiq, taftishi peshaki yo sudi  132

Moddai 374. Ba holathoi voqeii kor muvofiq nabudani khulosai sud, ki dar hukm ifoda yoftaand. 133

Moddai 375. Ba  tavri jiddi vayron kardani qonuni murofiavii jinoyati  133

Moddai 376. Nodurust tatbiq karda shudani qonuni jinoyati. 133

Moddai 377. Nomuvofiqii jazoi tainnamudai sud. 134

Moddai 378. Noravoii vaznin kardani jazoi mahkumshuda yo dar haqqi u tatbiq namudani qonuni oid ba jinoyati vaznintar dar marhilai kassatsioni. 134

Moddai 379. Bekor kardani hukmi aybdorkuni va qat kardani parvanda  134

Moddai 380. Bekor kardani hukmi safedkunanda. 134

Moddai 381. Oqibathoi bekor kardani hukm.. 134

Moddai 382. Tagyir dodani hukm.. 135

Moddai 383. Mazmuni tainoti kassatsioni. 135

Moddai 384. Haddi huquqhoi sudi marhilai kassatsioni. 135

Moddai 385. Ba ijro rasonidani tainoti sudi marhilai kassatsioni  135

BOBI 40. BA IJRO RASONIDANI HUKM, TAINOT VA QAROR.. 136

Moddai 386. Etibori qonuni paydo kardani hukm va ijroi on. 136

Moddai 387. Etibori qonuni paydo kardani tainoti (qarori) sud va ijroi on. 136

Moddai 388. Tartibi ijroi hukm, tainot va qarori sud. 136

Moddai 389. Habar dodan ba kheshovandoni nazdiki mahkumshuda va davogari grajdani dar borai ijroi hukm.. 137

BOBI 41. PESHBURD OID BA BARRASI VA HALLI MASALAHOI VOBASTA BA IJROI HUKM.. 137

Moddai 390. Mavquf guzoshtani ijroi hukm.. 137

Moddai 391. Ozod kardan az adoi jazo vobasta ba bemorii vaznin. 137

Moddai 392. SHartan pesh az muhlat az adoi jazo ozod kardan. 137

Moddai 393. Bekor kardani mahkumkunii sharti. 138

Moddai 394. Ivaz kardani muhlati adonakardai jazo bo jazoi nisbatan sabuktar. 138

Moddai 395. Ivaz kardani korhoi islohi va jarima bo chorahoi  digari jazo. 138

Moddai 396. Qat kardani chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi. 139

Moddai 397. Az yak namudi muassisai islohi ba namudi digari muassisai islohi guzaronidani mahkumshuda. 139

Moddai 398. Bahisobgirii muhlati dar muassisai tabobati guzaronidashuda ba muhlati adoi. 139

Moddai 399. Ijroi hukm dar surati mavjud budani hukmhoi digari ijronashuda. 139

Moddai 400. Sudhoe, ki masalahoi marbut ba ijroi hukmro hal mekunand  139

Moddai 401. Tartibi halli masalahoi marbut ba ijroi hukm.. 140

Moddai 402. Barrasii darkhost dar borai bardoshtani dogi sudi. 140

FASLI V. AZ NAV DIDA BAROMADANI HUKM, TAINOT VA QARORE, KI ETIBORI QONUNI PAYDO KARDAAND (PESHBURDI NAZORATI) 140

BOBI 42. PESHBURD DAR SUDI MARHILAI NAZORATI.. 141

Moddai 403. Etiroz yo shikoyat ovardan ba tariqi nazorati az hukm, tainot, qarori sud, ki etibori qonuni paydo kardaand. 141

Moddai 404. Tartibi peshnihodi etiroz yo shikoyati nazorati. 141

Moddai 405. Muhlati ba tariqi nazorati az nav dida baromadani hukm, tainot va qarori sud. 141

Moddai 406. Muhtavoi etiroz yo shikoyati nazorati. 142

Moddai 407. Be barrasi bargardonidani etiroz yo shikoyati  nazorati. 142

Moddai 408. Amalho oid ba etiroz yo shikoyati nazoratii voridshuda. 142

Moddai 409. Talab karda giriftani parvandai jinoyati. 143

Moddai 410. Hayat va tartibi barrasii parvandai jinoyati az rui etiroz yo shikoyat. 143

Moddai 411. Tainot va qarori sude, ki etiroz yo shikoyatro dida mebaroyad. 144

Moddai 412. Asoshoi bekor kardan yo tagyir dodani hukm, tainot va qarori etibori qonuni paydokardai sud. 144

Moddai 413. Haddi huquqhoi sudi marhilai nazorati. 144

Moddai 414. Hatmi budani dasturhoi sude, ki ba tariqi nazorati parvandaro barrasi kardaast. 145

Moddai 415. Mazmuni tainot yo qaror. 145

Moddai 416. Barrasii parvanda bad az bekor karda shudani hukmi avval yo tainoti sudi marhilai kassatsioni. 145

BOBI 43. AZ NAV SAR KARDANI PESHBURDI PARVANDAI JINOYATI BINOBAR HOLATHOI NAV OSHKORSHUDA.. 145

Moddai 417. Asoshoi az nav sar kardani peshburdi parvandai jinoyati. 145

Moddai 418. Muhlathoi az nav sar kardani peshburd. 146

Moddai 419. Az nav sar kardani peshburd. 146

Moddai 420. Amali prokuror badi anjomi tahqiq yo taftish.. 147

Moddai 421. Az jonibi sud hal namudani masalai az nav sar kardani peshburd az rui parvanda. 147

Moddai 422. Tainoti (qarori) sude, ki peshnihodi Raisi Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston yo khulosai  prokurorro barrasi mekunad. 148

Moddai 423. Peshburdi  parvanda  badi bekor kardani qarorhoi sud. 148

FASLI VI. HUSUSIYATHOI PESHBURDI PARVANDAHOI JINOYATII KATEGORIYAHOI ALOHIDA.. 148

BOBI 44.  TARTIBI PESHBURDI PARVANDAHO OID BA JINOYATHOI NOBOLIGON.. 148

Moddai 424.  Tartibi peshburdi parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi noboligon  148

Moddai 425. Holathoe, ki boyad muqarrar karda shavand. 148

Moddai 426. Ba peshburdi alohida judo kardani parvandai jinoyati nisbat ba nobolig 148

Moddai 427. Tatbiqi chorahoi peshgiri va dastgir namudan nisbat ba gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavandai nobolig 149

Moddai 428. Tartibi davati gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda va sudshavandai nobolig 149

Moddai 429. Pursishi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavandai nobolig 149

Moddai 430. Ishtiroki omuzgor va ravonshinos (psikholog) 149

Moddai 431. Ishtiroki namoyandai qonunii gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavandai nobolig dar taftishi peshaki. 149

Moddai 432. Qat kardani parvandai jinoyati bo istifodai chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tarbiyavi. 150

Moddai 433. Ishtiroki namoyandai qonunii sudshavandai nobolig dar muhokimai sudi. 150

Moddai 434.  Az tolori majlisi sud berun kardani sudshavandai nobolig 151

Moddai 435. Masalahoe, ki sud hangomi qabuli hukm nisbat ba sudshavandai nobolig hal. 151

Moddai 436. Bo tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tarbiyavi noboligro az javobgarii jinoyati ozod kardani sud. 151

Moddai 437. Noboligro az jazo ozod kardani sud bo ravon kardani u ba muassisai makhsusi tarbiyavi yo tabobatiyu tarbiyavi. 151

BOBI 45. PESHBURDI PARVANDAHO DOIR BA TATBIQI CHORAHOI MAJBURII DOROI HUSUSIYATI TIBBI.. 152

Moddai 438. Asosho baroi peshburdi parvandaho doir ba tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi. 152

Moddai 439. Holathoe, ki boyad isbot karda shavand. 152

Moddai 440. Dar muassisai makhsusgardonidashudai bemorihoi ruhi joygir kardan. 152

Moddai 441. Judo kardani parvandai jinoyati. 152

Moddai 442. Huquqi shakhse, ki nisbat ba u parvanda oid ba tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi pesh burda meshavad. 153

Moddai 443. Ishtiroki namoyandai qonuni. 153

Moddai 444. Ishtiroki himoyatgar. 153

Moddai 445. Anjom dodani taftishi peshaki. 153

Moddai 446. Tain kardani majlisi sud. 154

Moddai 447. Muhokimai sudi. 154

Moddai 448. Masalahoe, ki az tarafi sud hangomi qabuli qaror oid ba parvanda hal karda. 154

Moddai 449. Qarori sud. 155

Moddai 450. SHikoyat va etiroz ovardan ba tainoti sud. 155

Moddai 451. Tartibi daroz kardani muhlat, tagyir dodan va  qat namudani tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi. 155

Moddai 452. Az nav sar kardani parvanda dar haqqi shakhse, ki nisbat ba u chorai majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi tatbiq shudaast. 156

BOBI 46. PESHBURDI SURATNOK. 156

Moddai 453. Tartibi peshburdi suratnok. 156

Moddai 454. Muhlati peshburdi suratnok. 156

Moddai 455. Anjom dodani peshburdi suratnok. 156

Moddai 456. Amali prokuror oid ba parvandai jinoyati. 157

Moddai 457. Peshburdi tahqiq. 157

Moddai 458. Peshburdi taftishi peshaki. 157

Moddai 459. Salohiyati sudya doir ba parvandai jinoyatii ba sud voridshuda. 157

Moddai 460. Barrasii parvandai jinoyati dar majlisi sud. 157

BOBI 47. PESHBURD OID BA RUYONIDANI ZARARE, KI DAR NATIJAI AMALI GAYRIQONUNII SUD VA MAQOMOTI ANJOMDIHANDAI PESHBURDI TOSUDI  DOIR BA PARVANDAI JINOYATI RASIDAAST. 158

Moddai 461. Asosho va sharthoi ba vujud omadani huquq baroi ruyonidani tovoni zarar. 158

Moddai 462. Tovoni zarare, ki boyad ruyonida shavad. 158

Moddai 463. Etirofi huquq ba ruyonidani tovoni zarar. 159

Moddai 464. Muayyan kardani andozai zarari molumulki va tartibi ruyonidani tovoni on. 159

Moddai 465. SHikoyat az qarorhoi anjom dodani pardokhtho. 159

Moddai 466. Bartaraf kardani oqibati zarari manavi va zararhoi digar. 159

Moddai 467. Barqaror kardani huquqhoi digar. 159

Moddai 468. Muhlati peshnihodi ariza. 160

Moddai 469. Ruyonidani tovoni zarar ba shakhsoni huquqi. 160

FASLI VII.  MUQARRAROTI  ASOSII TARTIBI HAMKORII MUTAQOBILAI SUDHO, PROKURORHO, MUFATTISHON VA MAQOMOTI TAHQIQ BO MAQOMOT VA SHAHSONI MANSABDORI DAHLDORI DAVLATHOI HORIJI DOIR BA PARVANDAHOI JINOYATI.. 160

BOBI 48. HAMKORII MUTAQOBILAI SUDHO, PROKURORHO, MUFATTISHON VA MAQOMOTI TAHQIQ BO MAQOMOT VA SHAHSONI MANSABDORI DAHLDORI DAVLATHOI HORIJI DAR TARTIBI RASONIDANI KUMAKI HUQUQI OID BA PARVANDAHOI JINOYATI.. 160

Moddai 470. Ravon kardani suporish doir ba guzaronidani amaliyoti murofiavi. 160

Moddai 471. Mazmuni suporishi guzaronidani amaliyoti murofiavi. 161

Moddai 472. Davat va pursish kardani shohid, jabrdida, korshinos, davogari grajdani, 161

Moddai 473. Ijroi suporish oid ba guzaronidani amalhoi murofiavi dar Jumhurii. 161

Moddai 474. Baroi idoma dodani taqibi jinoyati ravon kardani mavodi parvanda. 162

Moddai 475. Ijroi darkhosti idoma dodani taqibi jinoyati yo oid ba ogoz kardani parvandai jinoyati dar Jumhurii Tojikiston. 162

BOBI 49. SUPORIDANI SHAHS BAROI BA JAVOBGARII JINOYATI KASHIDAN YO BAROI IJROI HUKM.. 162

Moddai 476. Ravon kardani talabnoma dar khususi dodani shakhse, ki dar hududi davlati khoriji meboshad. 162

Moddai 477. Haddi javobgarii jinoyatii shakhsi ba Jumhurii Tojikiston suporidashuda. 162

Moddai 478. Ijroi talabnomai suporidani shakhse, ki dar Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror dorad. 163

Moddai 479. Rad kardani suporidani shakhs. 163

Moddai 480. Suporidani shakhsoni doroi dushahrvandi va shakhsoni beshahrvand. 163

Moddai 481. Ba habs giriftan baroi suporidan. 163

Moddai 482. Suporidani ashyo. 164

BOBI 50. SUPORIDANI  SHAHSE, KI BA MAHRUM KARDAN AZ OZODI MAHKUM SHUDAAST, BAROI ADOI JAZO BA DAVLATE, KI U SHAHRVANDI ON AST. 164

Moddai 483. Asosho baroi suporidani shakhse, ki ba mahrum kardan az ozodi mahkum shudaast, baroi adoi jazo ba davlate, ki u shahrvandi on ast  164

Moddai 484. SHart va tartibi suporidani mahkumshuda baroi  adoi jazo ba davlate, ki u. 164

Moddai 485.  Rad kardani suporidani shakhsi ba mahrum kardan az  ozodi mahkumshuda ba davlati. 164

Moddai 486. Barrasii darkhost dar borai dar Jumhurii   Tojikiston ado namudani jazo. 165

 

 

QISMI I. QISMI UMUMI

FASLI I. MUQARRAROTI ASOSI

BOBI 1. QONUNGUZORII MUROFIAVII JINOYATI

 

Moddai 1. Qonunguzorie, ki tartibi peshburdi parvandai jinoyatiro muayyan mekunad

 

  1. Dar Jumhurii Tojikiston tartibi peshburdi parvandai jinoyatiro Kodeksi murofiavii jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki az Konstitutsiyai Jumhurii Tojikiston sarchashma megirad, muayyan mekunad. (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)
  2. Tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii murofiavii jinoyati baroi sud, maqomoti prokuratura, taftishi peshaki va tahqiq, inchunin baroi ishtirokchiyoni murofiai jinoyati hatmi meboshad.
  3. Sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro etirof kardaast, qismi tarkibii meyorhoi huquqie meboshand, ki peshburdi murofiai jinoyatiro tanzim menamoyand. Agar tibqi in sanadho nisbat ba muqarraroti Kodeksi mazkur tartibi digare peshbini gardida boshad, on goh muqarraroti sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilali amal mekunand.

 

Moddai 2. Vazifahoi peshburdi murofiai sudii jinoyati

 

  1. Vazifahoi peshburdi murofiai sudii jinoyati az inho iboratand:

– muqarrar kardani tartibi peshburdi parvandahoi jinoyati;

– himoyai huququ ozodihoi inson va shahrvand;

– himoyai manfiati jamiyat, davlat va tashkilotho, ki az jinoyat zarar didaand;

– sari vaqt va purra oshkor namudani jinoyat;

– ba javobgarii jinoyati kashidani shakhsi jinoyat sodirkarda;

– halli odilonai masalahoi barrasishavanda dar sud;

– rioya namudani meyorhoi murofiavi hangomi tatbiqi qonuni jinoyati;

– kafolati himoyai manfiati qonunii ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudii jinoyati va shakhsoni digar.

  1. Murofiai sudii jinoyati baroi tahkimi qonuniyat va tartiboti huquqi, peshgirii jinoyat, ehtiromi qonun, huququ ozodihoi inson va shahrvand, ba amal barovardani adolati sudi ravona shudaast.
  2. Tartibi muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur oid ba peshburdi parvandai jinoyati inson va shahrvandro az beasos aybdor va mahkum kardan, gayriqonuni mahdud kardani huququ ozodihoi u himoya mekunad va dar holati gunahgor donistan yo mahkum namudani shakhsi begunoh uro betakhir safed menamoyad.

 

Moddai 3. Amali Kodeksi murofiavii jinoyati dar makon

 

  1. Dar hudud Jumhurii Tojikiston peshburdi parvandai jinoyati muvofiqi Kodeksi mazkur surat megirad. (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)
  2. Qoidahoi Kodeksi mazkur, inchunin hangomi peshburdi parvanda oid ba jinoyathoe tatbiq megardand, ki dar havopaymo, kishtihoi bahri va daryoi, ki berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar obhoi kushod yo fazoi havoi va tahti parcham yo nishonai farqkunandai Jumhurii Tojikiston harakat mekunand, sodir shudaand.
  3. Dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston tatbiq namudani qonuni murofiavii jinoyatii davlati khoriji az tarafi maqomoti taftishot va sudhoi davlati khoriji va yo bo suporishi onho az tarafi maqomoti dakhldor dar holate tatbiq megardad, ki in holat dar sanadi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro etirof kardaast, peshbini shuda boshad.

 

Moddai 4. Amali Kodeksi murofiavii jinoyati dar zamon

 

Hangomi peshburdi parvandai jinoyati qonuni murofiavii jinoyatie tatbiq karda meshavad, ki dar vaqti tahqiq va taftishi peshaki yo barrasii parvanda dar sud  amal mekunad.

 

Moddai 5. Amali Kodeksi murofiavii jinoyati nisbat ba shahrvandi khoriji va shakhsi beshahrvand

 

  1. Peshburdi parvanda oid ba jinoyate, ki az tarafi shahrvandi khoriji yo shakhsi beshahrvand dar hudud Jumhurii Tojikiston sodir karda shudaast, mutobiqi muqarraroti Kodeksi mazkur anjom doda meshavad. (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)
  2. Nisbat ba shakhsi doroi huquqi dakhlnopazirii diplomati tanho bo khohish yo rizoi u, ki tavassuti Vazorati korhoi khorijii Jumhurii Tojikiston girifta meshavad, amaliyoti murofiavii bo Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda guzaronida meshavad.

 

Moddai 6. Mafhumhoi asosi

 

Mafhumhoi asosie, ki dar Kodeksi mazkur istifoda shudaand, doroi mazmuni zayland:

aybdorkunandai davlati – shakhsi mansabdori maqomoti prokuratura, ki az nomi davlat dar murofiai sudi oid ba parvandai jinoyati aybdorkuniro dastgiri menamoyad;

aybdorkunandai khususi – shakhse, ki bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur ba sud ariza doda, dar sud aybdorkuniro dastgiri mekunad, inchunin jabrdidae, ki hangomi az aybdorkuni dast kashidani aybdorkunandai davlati dar sud aybdorkuniro dastgiri mekunad;

vaqti shabona – fosilai vaqtest, ki az soati 22.00 to 6.00 ruzi digarro dar bar megirad;

ishtirokchiyoni murofiai jinoyati – maqomot va shakhsone, ki taqibi jinoyati va taqviyati aybdorkuniro dar sud anjom medihand, inchunin shakhsone, ki khudro az aybdorkuni himoya namuda, huquq va manfiathoyashonro muhofizat menamoyand (prokuror-aybdorkunandai davlati, jabrdida-aybdorkunandai khususi, davogari grajdani, namoyandagoni qonuni va namoyandagoni onho, gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda, namoyandagoni qonunii onho, himoyatgar, javobgari grajdani, namoyandai qonuni va namoyandai u); (QJT az 2.08.11s.,№755)

ishtirokchiyoni digari murofiai jinoyati – korshinos (ekspert), mutakhassis, shohid, shakhsi kholis, tarjumon;

qaror – sanade, ki az jonibi tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror dar rafti peshburdi tahqiq va taftishi peshaki qabul karda shudaast, inchunin sanade, ki sudyai sudi marhilai yakum tanho qabul kardaast yo sanade, ki sudyai sudi marhilai nazorati oid ba halli shikoyat yo etirozi nazorati qabul kardaast yo sanade, ki rayosati sud dar vaqti az nav dida baromadani sanadhoi etibori qonuni paydokardai sudhoi poyoni qabul kardaast;

qonuni jinoyati – Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– lahzai dastgirkunii voqei – lahzai voqean mahdud kardani ozodii shakhe, az jumla imkoniyati ozodona harakat namudan, majburan dar joi muayyan nigoh doshtan, majburan ovardan ba maqomoti taqibi jinoyati yo mamoniat kardan ba anjom dodani digar harakathoi shakhs tibqi irodai khud novobasta ba rasman dodani yagon maqomi murofiavi ba shakhsi dastgirshuda yo ijro namudani digar rasmiyoti muqarrarshuda (QJT az 14.05.2016 s., №1306);

murofiai sudii jinoyati – peshburdi tosudi va murofiai sudi oid ba parvandai jinoyati;

mufattish – shakhsi mansabdori davlati buda, dar doirai salohiyati muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur vakolatdor ast taftishi peshakii parvandai jinoyatiro anjom dihad;

namoyandagoni qonuni – padaru modar, farzandon, vasiyon, parastoroni gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda yo jabrdida, namoyandagoni muassisa va tashkilot, ki gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo jabrdida tahti parastorii onho qaror dorad;

prokuror – Prokurori generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston, Sarprokurori harbi, prokurorhoi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, viloyat, shahri  Dushanbe, naqliyoti Tojikiston, muovinoni onho, sardoroni rayosatho (shubaho) va muovinoni onho, yordamchiyoni kalon va yordamchiyoni Prokurori generali, prokurorhoi kalon va prokurorhoi rayosatho (shubaho), yordamchiyoni kalon va yordamchiyoni prokurorhoi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, viloyat, shahri Dushanbe, naqliyoti Tojikiston, prokurorhoi kalon va prokurorhoi shubahoi prokuraturahoi viloyatho va ba onho barobarkardashuda, prokurorhoi nohiyaho, shahrho, harbii garnizonho, nazorati ijroi qonunho dar muassisahoi islohi, muovinon, yordamchiyoni kalon va yordamchiyoni onho, prokuror-kriminalisthoi kalon va prokuror-kriminalistho, ki dar doirai salohiyatashon faoliyat mekunand;

raisikunanda – sudyae, ki dar majlisi sud hangomi dastajamona yo tanho barrasi namudani parvandai jinoyati raisi mekunad;

sardori vohidi taftishot – shakhsi mansabdore, ki ba rayosat, shuba va digar vohidhoi taftishot dar doirai huququ vakolathoi khud sarvari menamoyad;

sud – maqomoti hokimiyati sudi, ki ba nizomi sudii Jumhurii Tojikiston shomil buda, parvandahoi jinoyatiro ba tavri dastajami va yo tanho barrasi mekunad (Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, Sudi harbi, sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, sudhoi viloyat, shahri Dushanbe, shahr va nohiya);

sudi marhilai kassatsioni – sude, ki parvandaro az rui shikoyat va etiroz nisbat ba hukm, tainot va qarori etibori qonuni paydonakardai sudi marhilai yakum barrasi mekunad;

sudi marhilai nazorati – sude, ki parvandai jinoyatiro az rui shikoyat, etiroz nisbat ba hukm, tainot va yo qarori etibori qonuni paydokardai sudi marhilai yakum va yo tainoti sudi marhilai kassatsioni barrasi menamoyad;

sudi marhilai yakum – sude, ki vakolati mohiyatan barrasi va qabul kardani  qarori nakhustinro oid ba parvandai jinoyati dorad;

sudya –shakhsi mansabdore, ki baroi ba amal barovardani adolati sudi bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tain yo intikhob gardidaast;

tarafi aybdorkunanda – prokuror (aybdorkunandai davlati), jabrdida (aybdorkunandai khususi), davogari grajdani, namoyandagoni qonuni va namoyandagoni jabrdida va davogari grajdani;

tarafi himoya – gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda, namoyandai qonunii onho, himoyatgar, javobgari grajdani, namoyandai qonuni va namoyandai u (QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1333);

tarafho – ishtirokchiyoni murofia, ki dar muhokimai sudi dar asosi mubohisa va barobarhuquqi aybdorkuniro dastgiri mekunand va yo himoyaro az aybdorkuni anjom medihand;

tahqiq – shakli taftishi tosudi buda, tahqiqbaranda parvandai jinoyatiero, ki taftishi peshakii on shart nest, anjom medihad;

tainot – qarori sudie, ki (gayr az hukm) sudi marhilai yakum dar vaqti murofiai sudi oid ba parvandai jinoyati barovardaast, inchunin hama guna sanade, ki sudhoi marhilai kassatsioni va nazorati, gayr az rayosati sudho dar vaqti az nav dida baromadani sanadhoi etibori qonuni paydonamudai sud qabul kardaast;

taqibi jinoyati faoliyati murofiaviest, ki prokuror, mufattish, tahqiqbaranda bo maqsadi muayyan kardani kirdori bo qonuni jinoyati manshuda va shakhse, ki onro sodir kardaast, ba sifati aybdorshavanda jalb kardani u, hamchunin baroi tamin namudani tatbiqi jazo va yo digar chorahoi majburi nisbat ba chunin shakhs anjom medihad;

kheshovandoni nazdik – padaru modar, farzandon, farzandkhondagon, farzandkhondashudagon, barodaron va hoharon, bobo, bibi (modarkalon), nabera, inchunin hamsar;

habs – chorai peshgiriest, ki bo qarori sudya yo tainoti sud tanho nisbat ba shakhsoni gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda tatbiq karda meshavad;

himoyatgar – shakhsest, ki hangomi peshburdi parvandai jinoyati huquq va manfiathoi qonunii dastgirshuda, gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda va mahkumshudaro hifz namuda, ba onho bo har vosita va usuli mannakardai qonun yorii huquqi merasonad;

hukm – qarore, ki sudi marhilai yakum dar borai gunahgor yo begunoh budani sudshavanda barovardaast.

 

BOBI 2. PRINSIPHOI QONUNGUZORII MUROFIAI  JINOYATI

 

Moddai 7. Tatbiqi adolati sudi

 

  1. Dar Jumhurii Tojikiston adolati sudi oid ba parvandahoi jinoyati tanho az jonibi sud ba amal barovarda meshavad.
  2. Hej kas to etibori qonuni paydo kardani hukmi sud dar sodir kardani jinoyat gunahgor donista nameshavad.

 

Moddai 8. Hifzi sudi

 

Har kas kafolati hifzi sudi dorad. Har shakhs huquq dorad talab namoyad, ki parvandai uro sudi bosalohiyat, mustaqil va begaraz, ki tibqi qonun tasis yoftaast, barrasi namoyad.

 

Moddai 9. Qonuniyat hangomi peshburdi parvandahoi jinoyati

 

  1. Sud, sudya, prokuror, mufattish, tahqiqbaranda hangomi peshburdi parvandahoi jinoyati vazifadorand, ki muqarraroti Konstitutsiyai Jumhurii Tojikiston, Kodeksi mazkur va digar qonunhoro ba tavri daqiq, yakkhela rioya namoyand. (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)
  2. Muqarraroti murofiai sudii jinoyati, ki dar digar qonunhoi Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini meshavand, boyad ba muqarraroti Kodeksi mazkur mutobiq boshand.
  3. Hangomi peshburdi parvandahoi jinoyati rioya nakardani talaboti qonun, sarfi nazar az on ki dar kadom asos roh doda shudaast, ijozat doda nameshavad va boisi javobgarii muqarrarnamudai qonun gardida, sanadhoi gayriqonuni qabulshuda beetibor donista, bekor karda meshavand. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)

 

Moddai 10. Ehtiromi shanu sharafi shakhs

 

  1. Ehtiromi shanu sharafi shakhs vazifai shakhsoni mansabdor va maqomotest, ki peshburdi parvandai jinoyatiro anjom medihand.
  2. Hej yake az ishtirokchiyoni murofiai jinoyati nametavonad tahti zurovari, shikanja va digar munosibati berahmona yo pastkunandai shanu sharafi insoni qaror girad.

 

Moddai 11. Dakhlnopazirii shakhsiyat

 

  1. Hej kasro be asosi qonuni dastgir va habs kardan mumkin nest.
  2. Ba habs giriftan, majburi dar muassisahoi tibbi yo tarbiyavi nigoh doshtani shakhs tanho dar asosi qarori sud, sudya ba ijro rasonida meshavad.
  3. SHakhsero, ki nisbatash chorai peshgirii dar habs nigoh doshtan tatbiq shudaast, inchunin shakhse, ki dar sodir namudani jinoyat hamchun gumonbar dastgir shudaast, boyad dar joyhoe nigoh doshta shavad, ki sharoitashon baroi hayot va salomati khavf nadoshta boshad.
  4. SHakhsi ba habs giriftashuda huquqi shikoyat kardanro dorad.
  5. Qarori sud, sudya dar borai az habs ozod namudani shakhs favran ijro karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 12. Hifzi huququ ozodihoi shakhs hangomi peshburdi parvandahoi jinoyati

 

  1. Sud, sudya, prokuror, mufattish, tahqiqbaranda vazifadorand huququ ozodihoi shakhsro, ki dar murofiai sudii jinoyati ishtirok mekunand, himoya namuda, jihati tatbiqi onho sharoit faroham ovarand, baroi qone namudani talaboti qonunii ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudi sari vaqt choraho andeshand.
  2. Tovoni zarare, ki ba shakhs hangomi peshburdi parvandai jinoyati dar natijai rioya nakardani huququ ozodihoi u rasonida shudaast, boyad tibqi muqarraroti qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ruyonida shavad.
  3. Hangomi mavjud budani malumoti kofi dar borai on ki ba jabrdida, shohid yo digar ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudii jinoyatї, inchunin azoi oila yo kheshovandoni nazdiki onho bo kushtor, zurovari, nestu nobud kardan yo oseb rasonidan ba molu mulk yo digar amali gayriqonunii khavfnok tahdid mekunand, sud, sudya, prokuror, mufattish, tahqiqbaranda uhdadorand dar doirai salohiyati khud jihati muhofizati hayot, salomati, shanu sharaf, obru va molu mulki in shakhson chorahoi peshbininamudai qonunro andeshand. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)
  4. Tartibi muhofizati hayot, salomati, shanu sharaf, obru va molu mulki ishtirokchiyoni murofiaro qonun muayyan menamoyad.
  5. Hej kas uhdador nest ba muqobili khud, kheshovandoni nazdik, ki doirai onhoro Kodeksi mazkur muayyan kardaast, nishondod dihad.

 

Moddai 13. Dakhlnopazirii manzil

 

  1. Manzili shakhs dakhlnopazir ast.
  2. Vorid shudan ba manzil be rizoi shakhsoni maskuni on man ast.
  3. Aznazarguzaroni va koftukovi manzil bo tartibe, ki Kodeksi mazkur muqarrar kardaast, amali karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 14. Mahramiyati mukotiba, suhbathoi telefoni, murosilot, mukhobirot, sirri shakhsi va oilavi

 

Sirri shakhsi va oilaviro qonun hifz mekunad. Har shakhs ba sirri amonat va pasandoz, mukotiba, suhbathoi telefoni, murosilot, mukhobirot va digar akhborot huquq dorad. Mahdud kardani in huquqho dar rafti murofiai jinoyati tanho dar holatho va tartibe, ki qonunguzori bevosita muqarrar kardaast, mumkin meboshad.

 

Moddai 15. Ehtimoliyati begunohi

 

  1. Hej kas to etibori qonuni paydo kardani hukmi sud dar sodir kardani jinoyat gunahgor donista nameshavad.
  2. Uhdadorii isboti ayb ba zimmai aybdorkunanda guzoshta meshavad.
  3. Gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda va sudshavanda uhdador nestand, ki begunohii khudro isbot namoyand (QJT az 15.03.16 s., №1275).
  4. Hama guna shubhahoi gunahgorii aybdorshavanda, ki bo tartibi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur bartaraf karda nameshavand, ba foidai aybdorshavanda manidod karda meshavad.
  5. Hukmi aybdorkuniro bo takhmin asosnok kardan mumkin nest.

 

Moddai 16. Barobari dar nazdi qonun va sud

 

Hama dar nazdi qonun va sud barobarand. Davlat ba har kas, qati nazar az millat, najod, jins, zabon, etiqodi dini, mavqei siyosi, vazi ijtimoi, tahsil va molu mulk‚ huququ ozodihoro kafolat medihad.

 

Moddai 17. Mustaqiliyati sudyaho

 

  1. Sudyaho dar faoliyati khud mustaqil buda, tanho ba Konstitutsiya va qonun itoat mekunand.
  2. Dakholat ba faoliyati sudyaho man ast.

 

Moddai 18. Zaboni murofiai sudii jinoyati

 

  1. Murofiai sudii jinoyati ba zaboni davlati barguzor megardad.
  2. Ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudii jinoyati, ki zaboni murofiaro namedonand, huquqi ba zaboni modariashon yo zaboni digare, ki onro medonand, arz kardan, nishondod dodan, izhori darkhost kardan, shinos shudan bo mavodi parvandaro doshta, bo tartibi muayyannamudai Kodeksi mazkur ba onho khizmatrasonii tarjumon tamin karda meshavad yo murofiai sudii jinoyati bo zaboni aksariyati aholii mahal guzaronida meshavad.
  3. Hujjathoi murofiavi, ki mutobiqi Kodeksi mazkur ba gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda, mahkumshuda, inchunin digar ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudii jinoyati az jonibi maqomoti in hujjathoro tahiyanamuda doda meshavand, boyad ba tavri dakhldor tasdiq karda shuda,ba zaboni davlati yo zabone, ki onho medonand, tarjuma shuda boshand. (ЌЉT az 14.03.14 s., № 1067)

 

Moddai 19. Oshkoro  budani muhokimai sudi

 

  1. Parvandai jinoyati dar sud ba tavri oshkoro muhokima karda meshavad.
  2. Muhokimai pushidai sudi tanho dar holathoi dar moddai 273 Kodeksi mazkur zikrgardida mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 20. Mubohisa va barobarii tarafho

 

  1. Murofiai sudii jinoyati ba tarzi mubohisa va dar asosi barobarii tarafho surat megirad.
  2. Sud maqomoti taqibi jinoyati nest va tarafi aybdorkunanda yo himoyaro jonibdori namekunad. Sud baroi amali namudani huquq va uhdadorihoi murofiavii tarafho sharoit muhayyo mekunad.
  3. Tarafi aybdorkunanda va himoya dar murofiai sudii jinoyati barobarhuquqand va baroi himoyai mavqei khud imkoniyathoi barobar dorand.

 

Moddai 21. Taftishi hamajoniba, purra va kholisonai holathoi kor

 

  1. Prokuror, mufattish va tahqiqbaranda vazifadorand, ki baroi hamajoniba, purra va kholisona taftish kardani holathoi kor tamomi chorahoi peshbininamudai qonunro andeshand, holathoi oshkorkunanda, safedkunanda, vazninkunanda, sabukkunanda va javobgarii aybdorshavandaro muayyan namoyand.
  2. Sud, sudya, prokuror, mufattish va tahqiqbaranda huquq nadorand, ki vazifai isbot kardani begunohiro ba zimmai aybdorshavanda guzorand.
  3. Hamai holathoi isbotshavanda boyad hamajoniba, purra va kholisona sanjida shavand.
  4. Hangomi halli hama guna masalahoe, ki az parvanda barmeoyand, boyad ham holathoi aybdorkunanda va ham safedkunandai aybdorshavanda, inchunin holathoi javobgarii uro sabuk yo vazninkunanda muayyan karda, ba inobat girifta shavand.
  5. Sud, sudya kholisi va begaraziro rioya namuda, dar tahqiqi purrai holathoi parvanda baroi amali namudani huquqi tarafho sharoiti zaruri faroham meovarad.

 

Moddai 22. Tamini huquqi himoya ba gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda va mahkumshuda

 

  1. Har shakhs az lahzai dastgir shudanash metavonad az yorii himoyatgar istifoda kunad.
  2. Dastgirshuda, gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda va mahkumshuda huquq dorand baroi himoyai khud az aybdorkuni huquqhoyashonro mutobiqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur shakhsan, inchunin tavassuti himoyatgar yo namoyandai qonuniashon istifoda barand.
  3. Sud, sudya, prokuror, mufattish, tahqiqbaranda vazifadorand ba gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda va mahkumshuda huquqhoyashonro fahmonand, ba onho imkoniyat faroham ovarand, ki bo usul va vositahoi muqarrarnamudai qonun khudro himoya kunand, inchunin hifzi huquqi shakhsi va molumulkii onhoro tamin namoyand.
  4. Huquqi himoya inchunin ba shakhse tamin karda meshavad, ki nisbat ba u peshburdi parvandai jinoyati oid ba tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi joy dorad.
  5. Dar holathoi peshbininamudai qonun shakhsone, ki peshburdi parvandai jinoyati ba zimmaashon guzoshta shudaast, vazifadorand ishtiroki himoyatgari gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda va mahkumshudaro tamin namoyand.

 

Moddai 23. Huquqi shikoyat namudan az amal va qarorhoi murofia

 

  1. Ishtirokchiyoni murofia, shahrvandon, namoyandagoni korkhonayu tashkilot va muassisaho, ki ba peshburdi parvandai jinoyati manfiatdorand, huquq dorand mutobiqi tartib va muhlathoi muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur az amal yo qarori sud, sudya, prokuror, mufattish va tahqiqbaranda shikoyat kunand.
  2. SHakhsi mahkumshuda yo safedkardashuda huquq dorad bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur az nav dida baromadani hukmro az tarafi sudi boloi talab kunad.

 

BOBI 3. ASOSHOI RAD VA QAT NAMUDANI PESHBURDI PARVANDAI  JINOYATI

 

Moddai 24. Parvandahoi aybdorkunii khususi, khususi-umumi va umumi

 

  1. Vobasta ba khususiyat va darajai vazninii jinoyati sodirshuda aybdorkuni dar sud bo tartibi khususi, khususi-umumi va umumi anjom doda meshavad.
  2. Parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi dar moddahoi 112, 116, moddai 156 qismhoi 1 va 2 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbinishuda parvandahoi aybdorkunii khususi etirof gardida, bo arizai shakhsi az jinoyat jabrdida, namoyandai qonunii u ogoz karda meshavad va peshburdi parvanda dar holati oshti shudani u bo aybdorshavanda qat karda meshavad.
  3. Parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi dar moddahoi 113 – 115, 118 qismi 1, 119, 120, 123 qismhoi 1 va 2, 124, 125 qismi 1, 126 qismi 1, 127 qismi 1, 128 qismi 1, 129 qismi 1, 138 qismi 1 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbinishuda parvandahoi aybdorkunii khususi-umumi etirof gardida, bo arizai shakhsi az jinoyat jabrdida, namoyandai qonunii u ogoz karda meshavad. Dar surati oshti shudani shakhsi az jinoyat jabrdida bo aybdorshavanda va barqaror namudani tovoni zarari ba jabrdida rasonidashuda, peshburdi parvanda qat karda meshavad (QJT az 23.07.2016 s., №1332).
  4. Prokuror dar holathoi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur huquq dorad, sarfi nazar az mavqei jabrdida, taqibi jinoyatiro oid ba aybdorkunii khususi va khususi-umumi anjom dihad.
  5. Dast kashidani prokuror az aybdorkuni shakhsi az jinoyat jabrdidaro az huquqi dastgiri kardani aybdorkuni mahrum namekunad.
  6. Parvandahoi jinoyati, ba istisnoi parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi dar qismhoi 2 va 3 moddai mazkur peshbinishuda, parvandahoi doroi khususiyati umumi donista meshavand.

 

Moddai 25. Huquqi jabrdida ba ishtirok dar taqibi jinoyati

 

  1. Jabrdida, dar surati favtidani u yo az rui sinnu sol yo vazi salomati qobiliyati izhori irodai khudro nadoshta boshad, dar murofiai sudii jinoyati namoyandai qonuni yo namoyandai u huquq dorand bo tartibi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur dar aybdorkunii aybdorshavanda ishtirok kunand, oid ba parvandai aybdorkunii khususi boshad, doroi huquqi peshnihod va dastgiri kardani aybdorkuni ba muqobili shakhsi dakhldor meboshand.
  2. Jabrdida, namoyandai qonuni yo namoyandai u dar har lahzai murofiai jinoyati huquq dorand az dastgiri kardani aybdorkuni dast kashand.

 

Moddai 26. Uhdadorii ba amal barovardani taqibi jinoyati

 

  1. Prokuror, mufattish, tahqiqbaranda vazifadorand dar doirai salohiyati khud hangomi oshkor namudani hodisai jinoyat parvandai jinoyati ogoz karda, baroi muqarrar namudani hodisai jinoyat shakhsi onro sodirkarda boyad chorahoi peshbininamudai qonunro andeshida, dar surati mavjud budani dalelhoi kofi mavodi parvandai jinoyatiro ba barrasii sud peshnihod namoyand.
  2. Dar murofiai sudii jinoyati prokuror, mufattish, tahqiqbaranda salohiyati khudro tibqi talaboti Kodeksi mazkur va qati nazar az har guna maqomot va shakhsi mansabdor anjom medihand.
  3. Har guna fishorovari ba prokuror, mufattish yo tahqiqbaranda bo maqsadi khalal rasonidan ba taftishi kholisonai parvandai jinoyati tibqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonun boisi javobgari megardad.
  4. Ijroi talabi prokuror, mufattish, tahqiqbaranda, ki mutobiqi Kodeksi mazkur peshnihod shudaast, baroi hamai korkhonayu tashkilotho, muassisaho, sarfi nazar az shakli tashkiliyu huquqi, shakhsoni mansabdor va shahrvandon hatmi meboshad.

 

Moddai 27. Holathoe, ki peshburdi parvandai jinoyatiro  istisno mekunand

 

  1. Dar mavridhoi zerin parvandai jinoyati ogoz karda nameshavad va parvandai ogozshuda qat karda meshavad:

– hangomi mavjud nabudani hodisai jinoyat;

– hangomi dar kirdori sodirshuda mavjud  nabudani alomathoi tarkibi jinoyat;

– hangomi guzashtani muhlati ba javobgarii jinoyati kashidan;

– hangomi qabuli sanadi avf;

– hangomi oshti shudani jabrdida bo aybdorshavanda oid ba parvandai jinoyatii aybdorkunii khususi;

– hangomi mavjud nabudani arizai jabrdida, agar parvandai jinoyati mahz tibqi arizai u ogoz gardad, gayr az holathoi peshbininamudai qismi 2 moddai 147 Kodeksi mazkur, ki ba prokuror huquq doda shudaast be arizai jabrdida parvandai jinoyati ogoz namoyad;

– nisbat ba shakhsi favtida, gayr az holathoe, ki peshburdi parvandai jinoyati baroi muqarrar kardani begunohii u yo az nav ogoz kardani peshburdi parvandai jinoyati oid ba holathoi navi oshkorshuda dar haqqi digar shakhson;

– nisbat ba shakhse, ki dar haqqi u az rui hamon aybdorkuni hukmi etibori qonuni paydokarda yo tainoti sud va yo qarori sud, sudya oid ba qati parvandai jinoyati az rui  hamon asos mavjud ast;

– nisbat ba shakhse, ki qarori bekornashudai tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror dar khususi qat kardani peshburdi parvandai jinoyati yo qaror dar borai raddi ogozi parvandai jinoyati oid ba hamon aybdorkuni vujud dorad.

  1. Agar holathoi dar sarkhathoi yakum va duyumi qismi 1 hamin modda peshbinigardida hangomi muhokimai sudi oshkor gardand, sud muhokimai sudiro ba okhir rasonda, hukmi safedkunanda mebarorad.
  2. Ba qat namudani parvanda bo asoshoi dar sarkhathoi seyum va chorumi qismi 1 hamin modda peshbinishuda ijozat doda nameshavad, ba sharte ki aybdorshavanda dar in bora norozigi bayon kunad. Dar in holat peshburdi parvanda muvofiqi talaboti Kodeksi mazkur idoma yofta, hukmi aybdorkunanda yo hukmi safedkunanda barovarda, shakhs az jazo ozod karda meshavad.
  3. Agar to etibori qonuni paydo kardani hukm jinoyat va sazovori jazo budani in kirdor bo qonuni navi jinoyati bartaraf karda shuda boshad, mutobiqi sarkhati duyumi qismi 1 hamin modda peshburdi parvandai jinoyati boyad qat karda shavad.

 

Moddai 28. Rad va qat namudani peshburdi parvandai jinoyati bo ozod kardani shakhs az javobgarii jinoyati

 

  1. Sud, sudya, prokuror dar asosi moddahoi 72, 73, 74 va 75 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin mufattish va tahqiqbaranda bo dastras kardani moddahoi zikrshuda va bo rizoi prokuror huquq dorand dar mavridhoi zerin ogozi parvandai jinoyatiro rad kunand yo peshburdi parvandai jinoyatiro bo ozod kardani shakhs az javobgarii jinoyati qat kunand:

– pushaymoni az kirdor;

– oshti shudan bo jabrdida va barqaror kardani tovoni zarari rasonidashuda;

– tagyir yoftani vaziyat;

– guzashtani muhlati ba javobgarii jinoyati kashidan.

  1. Qat kardani peshburdi parvandai jinoyati bo asoshoi dar qismi 1 hamin modda peshbinigardida mumkin nest, ba sharte ki gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda ba on rozi naboshand. Dar chunin holat peshburdi parvandai jinoyati idoma meyobad.
  2. Dar borai rad kardani ogozi parvandai jinoyati yo qat kardani peshburdi on ba jabrdida khabar doda, fahmonida meshavad, ki u huquq dorad dar davomi panj shabonaruz az tainoti sud yo qarori prokuror, mufattish, tahqiqbaranda nisbat ba masalai zikrshuda muvofiqan ba sudi boloi yo prokurori boloi arz namoyad.

 

Moddai 29. Ozod kardani shakhs az javobgarii jinoyati bo sababi pushaymoni az kirdori khud

 

  1. Sud, sudya, prokuror dar asosi moddai 72 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin mufattish va tahqiqbaranda bo dastras kardani moddai zikrshuda va bo rizoi prokuror huquq dorand:

– bo sababi pushaymoni az kirdori khud dar haqqi shakhse, ki bori avval jinoyati nachandon vaznin yo darajai miyona sodir kardaast, ogozi parvandai jinoyatiro rad kunand (QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1333);

– parvandai jinoyatiro bo ozod kardani shakhs az javobgarii jinoyati qat kunand.

  1. Rad kardani ogozi parvandai jinoyati yo qat kardani peshburdi on bo asoshoi dar qismi 1 hamin modda peshbinishuda nisbat ba digar jinoyatho dar holate joy doshta metavonad, ba sharte ki on dar moddahoi qismi makhsusi Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini shuda boshad.
  2. Pesh az rad kardani ogozi parvandai jinoyati yo qat kardani parvandai jinoyati bo asoshoi peshbininamudai qismhoi 1 va 2 hamin modda boyad ba shakhs asoshoi qarori qabulgardida va ba in qaror huquqi norozigi bayon kardani u fahmonida shavad.

 

Moddai 30. Ozod kardani shakhs az javobgarii jinoyati bo sababi oshti shudan bo jabrdida

 

Sud, sudya, prokuror dar asosi moddai 73 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin mufattish va tahqiqbaranda mutobiqi moddai zikrshuda va bo rizoi prokuror huquq dorand:

– dar asosi arizai jabrdida yo namoyandai qonunii u nisbat ba shakhsi jinoyati nachandon vaznin yo darajai miyona sodirkarda, ba sharte ki bo jabrdida oshti shuda, tovoni zarari ba u rasonidaashro barqaror karda boshad, ogozi parvandai jinoyatiro rad kunand;

– parvandai jinoyatiro bo ozod kardani shakhs az javobgarii jinoyati qat kunand.

 

Moddai 31. Ozod kardani shakhs az javobgarii jinoyati bo sababi tagyir yoftani vaziyat

 

Sud, sudya, prokuror dar asosi moddai 74 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin mufattish va tahqiqbaranda mutobiqi moddai zikrshuda va bo rizoi prokuror huquq dorand:

– dar asosi arizai shakhsi bori avval jinoyati nachandon vaznin yo darajai miyona sodirkarda ogozi parvandai jinoyatiro rad kunand, ba sharte muqarrar gardad, ki bo sababi tagyir yoftani vaziyat in shakhs va kirdori sodirnamudai u digar ba jamiyat khavfnok nest;

– parvandai jinoyatiro bo ozod kardani shakhs az javobgarii jinoyati qat kunand.

 

Moddai 32. Ozod kardani shakhs az javobgarii jinoyati bo sababi guzashtani muhlati ba javobgarii jinoyati kashidan

 

Sud, sudya, prokuror dar asosi moddai 75 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin mufattish va tahqiqbaranda mutobiqi moddai mazkur va bo rizoi prokuror binobar guzashtani muhlati ba chavobgarii jinoyati kashidan vazifadorand:

– ogozi parvandai jinoyatiro rad kunand;

– peshburdi parvandai jinoyatii ogozshudaro qat namoyand.

 

FASLI II. ISHTIROKCHIYONI MUROFIAI SUDII JINOYATI

BOBI 4. SUD

 

Moddai 33. Sudhoe, ki adolati sudiro oid ba parvandahoi  jinoyati amali mekunand

 

Adolati sudiro oid ba parvandahoi jinoyati dar Jumhurii Tojikiston Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, Sudi harbi, Sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, sudhoi viloyat, shahri Dushanbe,  shahr va nohiya  amali mekunand.

 

Moddai 34. Hayati sud

 

  1. Parvandai jinoyati dar sudi marhilai yakum dastajamona va yo tanho barrasi karda meshavad.
  2. Barrasii dastajamonai parvandai jinoyati az jonibi sud dar hayati sudya va du nafar mashvaratchii khalqi anjom doda meshavad.
  3. Mashvaratchiyoni khalqi hangomi ba amal barovardani adolati sudi az tamomi huquqhoi sudya istifoda mebarand.
  4. Sudya parvandahoi jinoyatiro, ba istisnoi parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi makhsusan vaznin, tanho barrasi menamoyad.
  5. Parvandai jinoyati bo tartibi kassatsioni va nazorati dar hayati sudyahoi muqarrarkardai moddahoi 365 va 410 Kodeksi mazkur barrasi karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 35. Salohiyati sud

 

  1. Tanho sud huquq dorad:

– shakhsro dar sodir kardani jinoyat gunahgor donista, ba u jazo tain kunad;

– nisbat ba nobolig chorahoi doroi khususiyati tarbiyaviro mutobiqi bobi 44 Kodeksi mazkur tain kunad;

– nisbat ba shakhs chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbiro mutobiqi bobi 45 Kodeksi mazkur tain kunad;

– baroi shakhsro habs kardan va ba habsi khonagi giriftan ijozat dihad va yo muhlati onro daroz kunad;

– sanadhoi qabulkardai sudhoi marhilahoi poyoniro bekor kunad va yo tagyir dihad;

– oid ba guzaronidani ekspertizai sudi – tibbi yo sudi – ravonpizishki baroi dar bemorkhona yo tabobatgohi ravonpizishki joy kardani gumonbarshuda va aybdorshavandae, ki dar habs nameboshad, ijozat dihad;

– baroi aznazarguzaronii manzil, dar surati rozi nabudani shakhsoni maskuni on, ijozat dihad;

– baroi koftukovi manzil ijozat dihad;

– ba habsi  molu mulk ijozat dihad;

– baroi koftukov, yofta giriftani ashyo, hujjathoi doroi malumoti pasandoz va surathisobi mablagi bonki ijozat dihad;

– baroi habsi mablaghoi shakhsoni voqei va huquqie, ki dar  surathisobho va pasandozho yo dar nigohdorii bonk va tashkilothoi krediti qaror dorand, ijozat dihad;

– ba habsi  murosilot, aznazarguzaroni, yofta giriftani onho dar muassisai aloqa va yo khabarhoi telegrafi va khabarhoi digare, ki tavassuti shabaqahoi aloqai barqi va aloqai pochta intiqol meshavad ijozat dihad; (QJT az 25.03.11s., №692)

– dar borai muvaqqatan az vazifa dur kardani aybdorshavanda muvofiqi moddai 114 Kodeksi mazkur qaror qabul kunad;

– ba gush va sabt kardani guftugui telefoni va digar guftuguho ijozat dihad;

– dar holathoi peshbininamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston parvandai jinoyati ogoz karda, onro baroi guzaronidani taftishi peshaki az rui tobeiyat ba maqomoti dakhldor irsol namoyad; (ЌЉT az 14.03.14 s., № 1067)

– digar vakolathoero, ki Kodeksi mazkur peshbini kardaast,  amali namoyad.

  1. Agar hangomi barrasii sudii parvandai jinoyati rioya nakardani huquq va ozodihoi shahrvand, inchunin rioya nakardani muqarraroti qonun, ki zimni peshburdi tahqiq, taftishi peshaki, barrasii sudi oshkor karda meshavand, sud, sudya huquq dorand nisbat ba onhoe, ki ba kambudi roh dodaand, tainoti (qarori) khususi barorand.
  2. Sud, sudya huquq dorand dar digar holatho niz tainoti (qarori) khususi barorand.

 

Moddai 351. Tartibi barrasii mavod dar borai mahdud kardani huquqhoi konstitutsionii shakhrvaidon hangomi guzaronidaii chorabinjhoi operativy – justujui

 

Tartibi barrasii mavod dar borai mahdud kardani huquqhoi konstitutsionii shahrvaidon hangomi guzaronidani chorabinihoi operativy – justujuy mutobiqi Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai faoliyati operativy – justujuy» muayyan karda meshavad.  (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)

 

BOBI 5. ISHTIROKCHIYONI MUROFIAI SUDII JINOYATIE, KI TAQIBI JINOYATIRO ANJOM MEDIHAND

 

Moddai 36. Prokuror

 

  1. Prokuror shakhsi mansabdori davlati buda, dar doirai salohiyati khud aybdorkuniro az nomi davlat ba amal barovarda, dar hamai davrahoi murofiai jinoyati taqibi onro mutobiqi Kodeksi mazkur tamin menamoyad.
  2. Prokuror nazorati rioyai daqiq va ijroi yakkhelai qonunhoro az jonibi maqomoti tahqiq va taftishi peshaki amali menamoyad.
  3. Prokurore, ki dar barrasii sudii parvandai jinoyati ishtirok mekunad, aybdorkunandai davlati nomida meshavad. Hangomi taqviyati aybdorkunii davlati prokuror mavqei khudro oid ba masalahoi tatbiqi qonuni jinoyati va tain namudani jazo nisbat ba sudshavanda, tibqi talaboti qonun va etimodi botinii khesh, ki bo natijahoi tahqiqi hamai holathoi parvanda asosnok shudaast, izhor menamoyad.
  4. Prokuror huquq dorad dar doirai salohiyati muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur oid ba bekor kardan va tagyir dodani sanadi qabulkardai sud ba sudi boloi etiroz ovarad (QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1333).
  5. Prokuror huquq dorad bo asos va tartibi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur to lahzai ba khonai mashvarati baroi barovardani hukm daromadani sud az taqibi jinoyati va aybdorkuni dast kashad.

 

Moddai 37. Vakolati rohbari maqomoti makhsusgardonidashudai muboriza bo korrupsiya

 

Rohbari maqomoti makhsusgardonidashudai muboriza bo korrupsiya huquq dorad baroi taftishi jinoyati alohida yo yakchand jinoyat az hisobi kormandoni hamin maqomot guruhi operativi-taftishoti tasis dihad. (QJT az 25.03.11s., №692)

 

Moddai 38. Sardori vohidi taftishot

 

  1. Sardori vohidi taftishot doroi vakolathoi zerin meboshad:

– ba faoliyati mufattishon doir ba taftishi jinoyatho nazorat kunad;

– baroi purra, hamatarafa va kholisona taftish kardani holathoi parvandai jinoyati choraho andeshad;

– parvandai jinoyati ogoz karda, ba peshburdi khud qabul kunad yo peshburdi taftishi parvandai jinoyatiro ba mufattish suporad;

– peshburdi parvandai jinoyatiro az yak mufattish girifta, ba mufattishi digar dihad;

– ba prokuror dar borai bekor kardani qarorhoi beasos qabulkardai mufattish darkhost peshnihod kunad;

– az tarafi mufattishon rioya shudani muhlati taftishi peshakiro nazorat kunad;

– az tarafi mufattishon ijro shudani dasturhoi prokurorro tamin namoyad;

– peshburdi taftishi peshakii parvandai jinoyatiro ba yakchand mufattish suporad;

– ijroi suporishhoi digar mufattishonro, ki Kodeksi mazkur muqarrar namudaast, nazorat kunad;

– dar taftishi parvandai jinoyatii dar peshburdi mufattish qarordoshta ishtirok namuda, hamzamon az vakolathoi mufattish istifoda barad.

  1. Dasturhoi sardori vohidi taftishot oid ba parvandai jinoyati mustaqiliyati mufattish va huquqhoi bo moddai 39 Kodeksi mazkur muqarrarshudai uro mahdud karda nametavonand. Dasturho ba mufattish dar shakli khatti doda meshavand va ijroi onho hatmist.

 

Moddai 39. Mufattish

 

  1. Mufattish doroi vakolathoi zerin meboshad:

– dar surati mavjud budani asoshoi dar moddai 140 Kodeksi mazkur nishondodashuda parvandai jinoyati ogoz namoyad;

– parvandai jinoyatiro ba peshburdi khud qabul namuda, amalhoi taftishi barad;

– oid ba parvandai jinoyati mustaqilona qaror qabul kunad, ba gayr az holathoe, ki Kodeksi mazkur giriftani rizoi prokuror yo ijozati sudro talab mekunad;

– peshburdi parvandai jinoyatiro sari vaqt anjom dihad;

– ba sifati aybdorshavanda kashidani shakhs, bandubasti jinoyat, andozai aybdori qaror qabul kunad;

– peshburdi parvandai jinoyatiro bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur qat kunad yo ba sud ravon kunad;

– dar holati rozi nabudan ba dasturi prokuror huquq dorad bo izhori khattii norizoii khud parvandaro ba prokurori boloi irsol namoyad;

– bo mavodi operativi – justujuie, ki bo parvandai taftishshavanda aloqamand ast, mutobiqi qonunguzori shinos shavad; (QJT az 25.03.11s., №692)

– ba kormandoni maqomoti tahqiq baroi guzaronidani chorabinihoi operativi-justujui va peshburdi amalhoi taftishi suporishu dasturhoi khattie dihad, ki ijroyashon hatmi buda, musoidati in maqomotro dar peshburdi amalhoi taftishi talab namoyad; (QJT az 25.03.11s., №692)

– baroi taftishi hamajoniba, kholisona va voqebinonai parvandai jinoyati chora andeshad;

– nisbat ba shakhsone, ki dar sodir kardani jinoyat dalelhoi kofii tasdiqkunanda jamovari shudaast, ayb elon kunad;

– bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur chorai peshgiri intikhob kunad;

– baroi barqaror namudani zarare, ki az jinoyati sodirshuda rasidaast, bo tartibi peshbininamudai qonunguzori choraho andeshad (QJT az 15.03.16 s., №1275);

– taqibi jinoyatiro anjom dihad va parvandaro bo fikri aybdorkuni ba prokuror suporad.

 

  1. Mutobiqi muqarraroti Kodeksi mazkur ijroi qarorhoi qabulkardai mufattish oid ba parvandai jinoyatie, ki tahti peshburdi u qaror dorad, baroi hamai shakhsoni huquqi‚ novobasta ba shaklhoi tashkiliyu huquqi, shakhsoni mansabdor va shahrvandon hatmi meboshad.

 

Moddai 40. Maqomoti tahqiq

 

  1. Maqomoti tahqiq inho ba hisob meravand:

– vohidhoi maqomoti Vazorati  korhoi  dokhilii  Jumhurii  Tojikiston;

– vohidhoi maqomoti Kumitai davlatii amniyati millii Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– vohidhoi maqomoti Vazorati mudofiai Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– vohidhoi maqomoti Kumitai holathoi favqulodda va mudofiai grajdanii nazdi Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– sardoroni muassisahoi islohi;

– vohidhoi maqomoti nazorati davlatii ziddi sukhtor;

– vohidhoi Gvardiyai millii Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– vohidhoi maqomoti gumruk;

– vohidhoi maqomoti Agentii nazorati mavodi nashaovari nazdi Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– vohidhoi maqomoti makhsusgardonidashudai muboriza bo korrupsiya.

  1. Ba zimmai maqomoti tahqiq voguzoshta meshavand:

– qabul, ba qayd giriftan va barrasi namudani arizaho va malumot dar borai jinoyati sodirshuda yo jinoyati notamom;

– peshburdi tahqiq oid ba parvandahoi jinoyatie, ki nisbati onho taftishi peshaki hatmi nest;

– ijroi amalhoi takhirnopazir oid ba parvandahoe, ki baroi onho peshburdi taftishi peshaki hatmi meboshad;

– peshburdi taftishi peshaki dar holathoe, ki Kodeksi mazkur peshbini namudaast.

  1. Ogozi parvandai jinoyati bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai moddai 146 Kodeksi mazkur va ijroi amalhoi taftishii takhirnopazir ba zimmai inho voguzoshta meshavad:

– sardoroni dastaho va guruhhoi justujui geologii zimistonguzaronie, ki az mahalli buduboshi maqomoti tahqiqi dar qismi 1 hamin modda nombarshuda dar masofai dur joygirand – oid ba jinoyathoe, ki dar mahalli buduboshi dastayu guruhhoi mazkuri zimistonguzaroni sodir karda shudaand;

– rohbaroni namoyandagihoi diplomati va muassisahoi konsulii Jumhurii Tojikiston – oid ba parvandahoi jinoyati dar borai jinoyathoe, ki dar hududi namoyandagiho va muassisahoi mazkur sodir karda shudaand.

 

Moddai 41. Sardori vohidi tahqiq va tahqiqbaranda

 

  1. Sardori vohidi tahqiq shakhsi mansabdor buda, tibqi muqarraroti Kodeksi mazkur nisbat ba tahqiqbarandagoni tobei khud vakolathoi zerinro dorost:

– guzaronidani sanjishi arzu shikoyathoro dar borai jinoyat ba tahqiqbaranda suporad;

– tibqi muqarraroti moddai 145 Kodeksi mazkur oid ba halli arzu shikoyat qaror qabul namoyad;

chorabinihoi operativi-justujui  va amalhoi taftishiro vobasta ba parvandai jinoyati guzaronad; (QJT az 25.03.11s., №692)

– parvandai jinoyatiro az yak tahqiqbaranda girifta, ba digar tahqiqbaranda suporad;

– ba prokuror jihati bekor kardani qarori gayriqonuni yo beasosi tahqiqbaranda oid ba rad kardani ogozi parvandai jinoyati darkhost peshnihod namoyad;

– parvandai jinoyati ogoz namuda, peshburdi onro amali namoyad va dar hajmi purra bo istifoda az vakolathoi tahqiqbaranda amalhoi tahqiqi guzaronad;

– mavodi parvandai jinoyatiro mavridi omuzish qaror dihad;

– ba tahqiqbaranda oid ba guzaronidani taftish, amalhoi alohidai taftishi, intikhobi namudi chorai peshgiri nisbat ba gumonbarshuda, bandubasti jinoyat va andozai aybdori suporishho dihad.

  1. Suporishhoi sardori vohidi tahqiq oid ba parvandai jinoyati dar shakli khatti doda shuda, ijroi onho az tarafi tahqiqbaranda hatmi meboshad. Dar surati rozi nabudan bo suporish tahqiqbaranda huquq dorad ba prokuror arz namoyad. Arz namudani shikoyat ijroi suporishhoro boznamedorad.
  2. Tahqiqbaranda shakhsi mansabdor buda, tibqi muqarraroti Kodeksi mazkur vakolathoi zerinro dorost:

– amalhoi taftishi va digar amalhoi murofiaviro mustaqilona anjom dihad, ba istisnoi holathoe, ki bo Kodeksi mazkur tasdiqi onho az tarafi sardori vohidi tahqiq, ijozati prokuror yo sud peshbini shudaand;

– hangomi peshburdi tosudii parvandai jinoyatie, ki ba on taftishi peshaki hatmi nest, qoidahoi bo Kodeksi mazkur baroi taftishi peshaki peshbinishudaro, ba istisnoi muqarraroti bobi 20 Kodeksi mazkur, ba rohbari girad.

  1. Tahqiqbaranda vazifador ast:

– bo suporishi sardori maqomoti tahqiq dar holathoi takhirnopazir parvandai jinoyatiro, ki nisbat ba on peshburdi taftishi peshaki hatmist, ogoz namuda, amalhoi taftishii takhirnopazir va chorabinihoi operativi-justujui guzaronad va dar in bora dar muhlati na dertar az 24 soat ba prokuror va maqomoti peshburdi taftishoti peshaki khabar dihad; (QJT az 25.03.11s., №692)

– suporishhoi sud, sudya, prokuror, maqomoti taftishoti peshaki, sardori maqomoti tahqiqro dar borai anjom dodani amalhoi alohidai taftishi, dar borai tatbiqi chorahoi tamini amniyati shakhsoni dar murofiai jinoyati ishtirokkunanda ijro namoyad.

  1. Dasturhoi sud, sudya, prokuror, maqomoti taftishoti peshaki, sardori maqomoti tahqiq baroi tahqiqbaranda hatmi meboshand.
  2. Az dasturhoi sardori maqomoti tahqiq ba prokurori nazoratbaranda, az dasturhoi prokuror boshad, ba prokurori boloi shikoyat kardan mumkin ast.
  3. SHikoyat kardan ijroi suporishhoro boznamedorad, ba istisnoi dasturhoi bandubasti jinoyat, andozai aybdorkuni, hangomi ba prokuror suporidani parvandai jinoyati va minbad ba sud ravon kardan yo qat kardani peshburdi parvandai jinoyati.

 

Moddai 42. Jabrdida

 

  1. Jabrdida shakhsest, ki sarfi nazar az sinnu sol, holati ruhi va jismoni ba u az jinoyat zarari jismoni, moddi, manavi rasonida shudaast, inchunin shakhse meboshad, ki huququ manfiathoi u zeri tahdidi bevositai suiqasd ba jinoyat qaror giriftaast. Inchunin jabrdida shakhsi huquqie niz etirof shuda metavonad, ki dar natijai sodir gardidani jinoyat ba u zarari moddi yo manavi rasidaast. Dar in surat huquq va uhdadorihoi jabrdidaro namoyandai shakhsi huquqi tatbiq mekunad. Dar borai jabrdida etirof kardani shakhsi voqei yo huquqi tahqiqbaranda, mufattish va prokuror badi muqarrar kardani hodisai jinoyat va voqeiyati bar asari jinoyat rasidani zarar favran qaror qabul karda, sud tainot mebarorad.
  2. Jabrdida, namoyandai qonuni va namoyandai u huquq dorand:

– dalelho peshnihod kunand;

– darkhost yo raddiya izhor kunand;

– bo zaboni modari yo zaboni digare, ki medonand, nishondod dihand;

– az kumaki tarjumon roygon istifoda barand;

– namoyanda doshta boshand;

– bo protokoli amalhoi taftishi, ki bo ishtiroki onho guzaronida shudaand, shinos shavand va ba onho erodho bayon kunand;

– bo ijozati mufattish yo tahqiqbaranda dar amalhoi taftishi, ki tibqi darkhosti u yo darkhosti namoyandai qonuni va namoyandaash amali meshavand, ishtirok kunand (QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1333);

– pas az anjomi taftish bo hamai mavodi taftishot shinos shavand, az onho hama guna malumotro ba andozai gunogun baroi khud ruynavis kunand, dar sudi marhilai yakum dar muhokima va muzokirahoi sudi oid ba parvanda ishtirok kunand;

– bo protokoli majlisi sud shinos shavand va nisbat ba on erodhoi khudro izhor kunand;

– az amal yo qarori tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sud, sudya shikoyat kunand;

– az hukm yo tainot yo qarori sud shikoyat namoyand;

– az shikoyat va etiroze, ki nisbat ba parvanda bayon shudaast, khabardor karda shavand va nisbat ba onho norozigi bayon kunand;

– dar barrasii sudii etirozu shikoyathoi peshnihodgardida ishtirok namoyand.

  1. Jabrdida vazifador ast:

– bo davati tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sud, sudya hozir shavad, dar borai hamai malumote, ki doir ba parvanda ba u malum ast, khabar doda, ba savolhoi peshnihodshuda javob dihad;

– malumoti tahqiqi ibtidoi yo taftishi peshakiro, ki baroyash malumand, fosh nakunad;

– hangomi peshburdi amali taftishi va majlisi sud tartibi muayyanshudaro rioya kunad.

  1. Jabrdida hangomi ba davat be sababhoi uzrnok hozir nashudanash majburan ovarda meshavad.
  2. Jabrdida baroi sarkashi az hozir shudan bo davati maqomoti tahqiq, taftishot yo ba sud yo sarkashi az dodani nishondod va didayu donista dodani nishondodi bardurug tibqi moddahoi 351 va 352 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavad.
  3. Dar parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoe, ki oqibati onho boisi margi jabrdida gardidaast, huquqi peshbininamudai hamin moddaro kheshovandoni nazdiki u dorand.
  4. Jabrdida inchunin doroi digar huququ uhdadorihoi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur meboshad.
  5. Davlat ba jabrdida dastras budani adolati sudi va jubroni zarari rasonidashudaro kafolat medihad.

 

Moddai 43. Aybdorkunandai khususi

 

  1. Aybdorkunandai khususi shakhsest, ki bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur ba sud ariza doda, dar sud aybdorkuniro dastgiri mekunad, inchunin jabrdidaest, ki hangomi az aybdorkuni dast kashidani aybdorkunandai davlati dar sud aybdorkuniro dastgiri mekunad. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)
  2. Agar jabrdida nobolig yo gayriqobili amal boshad, aybdorkunandai khususi namoyandai qonunii u ba hisob meravad, ki darkhost, iltimos yo shikoyat izhor namudaast.
  3. Aybdorkunandai khususi az tamomi huquqho va uhdadorihoi jabrdida, inchunin az huquqhoi dar qismhoi 1 va 2 moddai 42 Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda, ba istisnoi huquqhoi vobasta ba marhilai peshburdi tosudii parvandai jinoyati istifoda mebarad.
  4. Aybdorkunandai khususi az huquq va uhdadorihoi ba zimmaash guzoshtashuda shakhsan yo ba vositai namoyandai khud istifoda mebarad.

 

Moddai 44. Davogari grajdani

 

  1. Davogari grajdani shakhsi voqei yo shakhsi huquqie etirof karda meshavad, ki ba u dar natijai sodir shudani jinoyat zarari molumulki rasonida shuda, oid ba ruyonidani on davo peshnihod kardaast. Davogari grajdani oid ba ruyonidani tovoni zarari manavi niz metavonad davoi grajdani peshnihod namoyad.
  2. Dar borai etirof kardani davogari grajdani tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror qaror qabul mekunand va sud tainot mebarorad.
  3. Baroi himoyai manfiathoi noboligon, inchunin shakhsone, ki bo tartibi muqarrargardida gayriqobili amal etirof shudaand, davoi grajdani az tarafi namoyandagoni qonunii onho metavonad peshnihod shavad.
  4. Davogari grajdani huquq dorad:

– davoi grajdaniro dastgiri kunad yo az davo dast kashad;

– dalelho peshnihod namoyad;

– darkhost va yo raddiya peshnihod kunad;

– bo zaboni modari yo zabone, ki medonad, bayonot va nishondod dihad;

-az khizmati tarjumon roygon istifoda barad;

– namoyanda doshta boshad;

– bo protokolhoi amalhoi taftishi, ki bo ishtiroki u surat giriftaand, shinos shavad;

– bo ijozati mufattish yo tahqiqbaranda dar amalhoi taftishii mutobiqi darkhosti u yo namoyandaash doirshavanda ishtirok kunad;

– pas az anjomi taftish bo mavodi oid ba davoi grajdani shinos shavad va az on malumothoi zaruriro navishta girad;

– dar muhokimahoi sudii marhilahoi yakum, kassatsioni va nazorati ishtirok namoyad;

– dar muhokimaho va muzokirahoi sudi baromad kunad;

– bo protokoli majlisi sud shinos shuda, ba on erodho bayon kunad;

– az amal va qarorhoi tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror va sud, sudya shikoyat namoyad;

– az hukm va tainoti sud, sudya, qarori sudya dar qismati marbut ba davoi grajdani shikoyat kunad;

– az shikoyat va etirozhoi vobasta ba parvanda khabardor karda shavad va nisbat ba onho norozigi bayon kunad;

– dar barrasii sudii shikoyat va etirozhoi ovardashuda ishtirok namoyad.

  1. Davogari grajdani uhdador ast:

– bo davati maqomoti peshburdi murofiai sudii jinoyati hozir shavad;

– ba sud peshnihod kardani nuskhahoi arizai davoro mutobiqi shumorai javobgaroni grajdani tamin namoyad;

– bo talabi maqomoti peshburdi murofiai sudii jinoyati ashyo va hujjathoi doshtaashro peshnihod namoyad;

– ba amri qonunii maqomoti peshburdi murofiai sudii jinoyati itoat namoyad;

– malumotro dar borai holathoe, ki az rui parvandai jinoyati ba u malum gashtaast, fosh nasozad, ba sharte ki u dar in bora az tarafi maqomoti peshburdi murofiai sudii jinoyati yo sud ogoh karda shuda boshad.

  1. Baroi fosh kardani malumoti tahqiqi ibtidoi va taftishi peshaki be ijozati maqomoti peshburdi murofiai sudii jinoyati davogari grajdani mutobiqi moddai 361 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavad.
  2. Davogari grajdani metavonad ba sifati shohid pursida shavad.
  3. Davogari grajdani huquqhoyashro istifoda burda, uhdadorihoi ba zimmaash guzoshtashudaro shakhsan yo ba vositai namoyandai khud ijro menamoyad.
  4. Az davo dast kashidani davogari grajdani dar tamomi marhilahoi murofiavi to ba khonai mashvarati baroi barovardani hukm daromadani sud joy doshta metavonad. Az davo dast kashidan boisi qat gardidani peshburdi on megardad.

 

Moddai 45. Namoyandagoni jabrdida, davogari grajdani va aybdorkunandai khususi

 

  1. Namoyandagoni jabrdida, davogari grajdani va aybdorkunandai khususi kheshovandoni nazdik yo digar shakhsone etirof karda meshavand, ki mutobiqi qonun huquq dorand hangomi peshburdi parvandai jinoyati manfiathoi qonunii jabrdida, davogari grajdani yo aybdorkunandai khususiro namoyandagi kunand va bo qarori tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, tainoti sud, sudya baroi ishtirok dar parvanda roh doda shavand.
  2. Baroi himoyai huquq va manfiathoi qonunii jabrdidagoni nobolig yo onhoe, ki mutobiqi holati jismoni va ruhii khud az imkoniyati mustaqilona muhofizat kardani huquq va manfiathoi qonuniashon mahrumand, baroi ishtiroki hatmi dar barrasii parvanda namoyandagoni qonunii onho jalb karda meshavand.
  3. Namoyandagoni qonuni va namoyandagoni jabrdida, davogari grajdani va aybdorkunandai khususi barobari shakhsoni voqei va huquqie, ki onhoro namoyandagi mekunand, huquqhoi murofiaviro istifoda mebarand.
  4. Ishtiroki shakhsii jabrdida, davogari grajdani va aybdorkunandai khususi dar barrasii parvanda onhoro az huquqi doshtani namoyandai khud ba in parvanda mahrum namesozad.

 

BOBI 6. ISHTIROKCHIYONI MUROFIAI JINOYATIE, KI HUQUQ VA MANFIATHOI HUD YO NAMOYANDAGIASHONRO HIMOYA MENAMOYAND

 

Moddai 46. Gumonbarshuda

 

  1. Gumonbarshuda shakhsest, ki nisbat ba u bo asos va tartibi muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur binobar gumonbar shudanash dar sodir namudani jinoyat parvandai jinoyati ogoz gardida, dar in bora ba u mufattish yo tahqiqbaranda khabar medihad yo u dastgir karda shudaast va yo dar haqqi u to peshnihod kardani ayb chorai peshgiri tatbiq karda shudaast.
  2. Gumonbarshuda az lahzai voqean dastgir karda shudanash favran, vale na dertar az 24 soat boyad pursida shavad.
  3. Gumonbarshuda az lahzai voqean dastgir shudan mutobiqi moddai 49 Kodeksi mazkur huquqi himoya dorad (QJT az 14.05.2016 s., №1306).
  4. Gumonbarshuda huquq dorad:

– az lakhzai voќean dastgir shudan betakhir az khizmati khimoyatgar istifoda barad, biduni mamoniat bo њimoyatgar yak ba yak, az љumla to ogozi pursish, muloќot kunad  (QJT az 14.05.2016 s., №1306);

– nishondod dihad yo nadihad va dar in bora pesh az pursish khabardor karda shavad;

– donad, ki baroi chi gumonbar shudaast;

– nuskhai protokoli dastgirshavi yo qarorro oid ba tatbiqi chorai peshgiri girad;

– bo zaboni modari yo zaboni digare, ki medonad, nishondod dihad;

– az khizmati tarjumon roygon istifoda barad;

– dalelho peshnihod kunad;

– darkhost izhor kunad;

– bo protokolhoi amali taftishi, ki bo ishtiroki u guzaronida shudaand, hamchunin bo mavode, ki ba sud baroi tatbiqi habs nisbat ba u chun chorai peshgiri ravon karda shudaast, shinos shavad;

– raddiya izhor namoyad;

– az amalu qarori sud, prokuror, mufattish va shakhsi tahqiqbaranda shikoyat namoyad.

 

Moddai 47. Aybdorshavanda

 

  1. Aybdorshavanda shakhse meboshad, ki nisbat ba u qaror dar borai ba javobgari kashidan ba sifati aybdorshavanda barovarda shudaast (QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1333).
  2. Aybdorshavanda pas az tain kardani parvanda ba majlisi sud sudshavanda nomida meshavad; sudshavandae, ki nisbat ba u hukmi sud etibori qonuni paydo kardaast, mahkumshuda nomida meshavad, agar  hukm purra safedkunanda boshad, safedshuda nomida meshavad.
  3. Aybdorshavanda huquq dorad manfiathoi qonunii khudro bo tamomi vosita va usulhoe, ki khilofi qonun va Kodeksi mazkur nestand, hifz kunad va baroi omodagi ba himoya ba tavri kofi vaqt va imkoniyat doshta boshad.
  4. Aybdorshavanda huquq dorad:

– nishondod dihad yo nadihad va dar in bora pesh az pursish ogoh karda shavad;

– donad, ki baroi chi aybdor karda shudaast va nuskhai qarorhoro dar borai ba sifati aybdorshavanda ba javobgarii jinoyati kashidan, oid ba tatbiq namudani chorai peshgiri, inchunin nuskhai fikri aybdorkuniro girad;

– oid ba aybi nisbat ba u elonshuda nishondod dihad;

– dalelho peshnihod kunad;

– darkhost va raddiya izhor kunad;

– bo zaboni modari yo zaboni digare, ki medonad, nishondod dihad;

– az khizmati tarjumon roygon istifoda barad;

– az lahzai dastgir shudan himoyatgar doshta boshad, az jumla tibqi holat va tartibi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur az kumaki himoyatgar roygon istifoda barad;

– az lahzai dastgir shudan biduni mamoniat bo himoyatgar yak ba yak muloqot kunad;

– dar amalhoi taftishi, ki tibqi darkhosti u yo darkhosti himoyatgar guzaronida meshavad, ishtirok namoyad;

– bo protokoli amalhoi taftishi shinos shavad va nisbat ba on erodi khudro izhor kunad;

– bo qarori tain kardani ekspertiza va khulosai korshinos shinos shavad;

– pas az ba okhir rasonidani taftish bo mavodi parvanda shinos shavad va az on hama guna malumoti zaruriro ruynavis kunad;

– az amal va qarorhoi shakhsi tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sud, sudya shikoyat kunad;

– oid ba qati peshburdi parvanda norozigi izhor namoyad;

– dar muhokimai sudi oid ba barrasii intikhobi chorai peshgiri ishtirok kunad.

  1. Aybdorshavanda uhdador ast:

– bo davati maqomoti peshburdi taftishot hozir shavad;

– ba amrhoi qonunii maqomoti peshburdi taftishot itoat namoyad;

– dar amali taftishi va digari murofiavi ishtirok namoyad, ba sharte ki maqomoti peshburdi taftishoti peshaki lozim donad.

  1. Sudshavanda huquq dorad:

-dar muhokimai sudii sudi marhilai yakum va kassatsioni ishtirok namoyad;

– sukhani okhirin guyad;

– bo protokoli majlisi sud shinos shavad va ba on erod peshnihod namoyad;

– az hukm, tainot va qarori sud, sudya shikoyat namoyad;

– nuskhahoi qarorhoi shikoyatshudaro girad;

– nuskhahoi shikoyat va peshnihodhoi ba parvandai jinoyati ovardashudaro girad va ba onho norozigi izhor namoyad;

– dar barrasii masalahoe, ki ba ijroi hukm vobastaand, ishtirok namoyad;

– az digar huquqhoe, ki Kodeksi mazkur peshbini namudaast, istifoda kunad.

  1. Mahkumshuda az huquqhoi dar moddahoi 403 va 410 Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda metavonad istifoda namoyad.

 

Moddai 48.  Namoyandai qonunii nobolig

 

Dar parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoe, ki az jonibi noboligon  sodir shudaand, jihati ishtirok dar parvanda hatman namoyandagoni qonunii onho bo tartibi muqarrarkardai Kodeksi mazkur jalb karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 49. Himoyatgar

 

  1. Ba sifati himoyatgar advokatho roh doda meshavand. Bo tainoti sud, qarori sudya, prokuror, mufattish va tahqiqbaranda kheshovandoni nazdik va namoyandagoni qonunii dastgirshuda, gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda va sudshavanda ba sifati himoyatgar ba peshburdi parvanda roh doda meshavand. (Muqarraroti QJTaz 23.11.15 s., №1229 – az 27 marti soli 2016 mavridi amal qaror doda meshavad.)
  2. Himoyatgar baroi ishtirok dar parvanda az lahzai dar haqqi shakhs barovardani qarori ogozi parvandai jinoyati, inchunin az lahzai voqean dastgir gardidani gumonbarshuda roh doda meshavad.
  3. YAk shakhs nametavonad himoyatgari du dastgirshuda, gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda boshad, ba sharte ki manfiati yake az onho khilofi manfiati digare boshad.

 

Moddai 50. Davat, tain va ivaz kardani himoyatgar

 

  1. Himoyatgar az hisobi shakhsone, ki dar moddai 49 Kodeksi mazkur zikr shudaand, az jonibi dastgirshuda, gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda, namoyandai qonunii onho, inchunin bo suporish yo rizoi onho az jonibi digar shakhson davat karda meshavad.
  2. Maqomoti peshburdi murofiai sudii jinoyati huquq nadorad, ki ba yagon kas davati himoyatgari muayyanro tavsiya namoyad.
  3. Ishtiroki himoyatgar bo darkhosti dastgirshuda, gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda va namoyandai onho az jonibi tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror yo sud, sudya tamin karda meshavad.
  4. Agar ishtiroki himoyatgari intikhob yo tainshuda dar davomi na kamtar az panj shabonaruz imkonnopazir boshad, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish‚ prokuror va sud huquq dorand ba dastgirshuda, gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavanda davat kardani himoyatgari digarro peshnihod kunand va dar surati dast kashidani u az tain namudani himoyatgar choraho andeshand.
  5. Agar himoyatgari dar parvandai jinoyati ishtirokkunanda dar davomi panj shabonaruz dar amaliyoti murofiavi ishtirok karda natavonad, gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda himoyatgari digarro davat nakunad va baroi tain namudani himoyatgar darkhost peshnihod nakunad, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror huquq dorand hamin amaliyoti murofiaviro be ishtiroki himoyatgar guzaronand, ba gayr az holathoe, ki dar qismi 1 moddai 51 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini gardidaand.
  6. Agar dar davomi 24 soat az lahzai dastgirkunii gumonbarshuda yo ba habs giriftani gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda tain namudani himoyatgari intikhobnamudai onho imkonnopazir boshad, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish yo prokuror baroi tain namudani himoyatgari digar boyad choraho andeshand.
  7. Agar gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda az himoyatgari tainshuda dast kashand, amalhoi taftishi bo ishtiroki gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda mumkin ast be ishtiroki himoyatgar guzaronida shavand, ba istisnoi holathoe, ki dar qismi 1 moddai 51 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini gardidaand. Dast kashidan az himoyatgar az jonibi gumonbarshuda va ayborshavanda bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai moddai 52 Kodeksi mazkur surat megirad.
  8. Agar gumonbarshavanda yo aybdorshavanda az huquqi giriftani himoyatgar istifoda nakunad, prokuror yo mufattish ba u himoyatgar tain menamoyad. (QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1333)
  9. Himoyatgar dar murofiai sudi mutobiqi talaboti qismi 2 moddai 281 Kodeksi mazkur ivaz karda meshavad;
  10. Muzdi mehnati himoyatgar mutobiqi qonunguzorii jori pardokhta meshavad.
  11. Tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror yo sud, sudya huquq dorand, ki dastgirshuda, gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavandaro az pardokhti muzdi yorii huquqi purra yo qisman ozod kunand. Dar chunin holat muzdi mehnati himoyatgar az hisobi davlat pardokhta meshavad.
  12. Muzdi mehnati himoyatgar, inchunin dar holathoi peshbininamudai qismi 4 hamin modda, hangome ki himoyatgar tibqi tainot be bastani shartnoma bo mizoj dar peshburdi taftishi peshaki yo sud ishtirok namudaast, az hisobi davlat pardokhta meshavad. Dar in holat jubroni kharojoti davlatro ba uhdai mahkumshuda guzoshtan mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 51. Hatmi budani ishtiroki himoyatgar

 

  1. Ishtiroki himoyatgar dar peshburdi parvandaho hatmist, ba sharte ki:

– dar in bora gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda darkhost peshnihod kunand;

– gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda nobolig boshand;

– gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda binobar kambudihoi jismoniyu ruhi huquqi khudashonro oid ba himoya  mustaqilona amali karda natavonand;

– gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda zaboni peshburdi murofiaro nadonand;

– sudshavandai tahti habs qarordoshta az hozir shudan ba majlisi sudi sarkashi namoyad  (QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1333);

– aybdorshavanda berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror doshta, az hozir shudan ba taftishot sarkashi kunad  (QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1333).

– shakhs dar sodir namudani jinoyate aybdor karda shavad, ki baroi on jazoi qatl yo jazoi yakumra az ozodi mahrum sokhtan peshbini shuda boshad.

  1. Tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sud, sudya huquq dorand ishtiroki himoyatgarro oid ba digar parvandaho niz zarur shumorand, ba sharte onho chunin shumorand, ki murakkabii parvanda va digar holatho metavonand ba gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda amali gardonidani huquqashonro baroi himoya mushkil namoyand.
  2. Agar dar holathoi dar hamin modda zikrshuda himoyatgar az jonibi khudi dastgirshuda, gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda yo namoyandai qonunii onho, inchunin bo rizoi onho az jonibi digar shakhson davat nashuda boshad, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sud, sudya vazifadorand ishtiroki himoyatgarro dar parvanda tamin namoyand. Dar in surat qarori tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sudya yo tainoti sud dar borai judo kardani himoyatgar baroi Ittifoqi advokathoi Jumhurii Tojikiston hatmi ast. (QJTaz 23.11.15 s., №1229)

 

Moddai 52. Dast kashidan az himoyatgar

 

  1. Gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda huquq dorand dar har lahzai peshburdi parvanda bo tashabbusi khud, ki dar shakli khatti peshnihod namudaand, az khizmati himoyatgar dar huzuri u dast kashand.
  2. Dast kashidan az himoyatgar binobar nadoshtani mablag baroi pardokhti muzdi yorii huquqi yo digar holathoe, ki az majburan dast kashidan az himoyatgar shahodat medihand, ijozat doda nameshavad.
  3. Dar holathoi peshbininamudai qismi 1 moddai 51 Kodeksi mazkur ba dast kashidan az himoyatgar ijozat doda nameshavad.
  4. Dast kashidan az himoyatgar gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda va sudshavandaro az huquqi dar oyanda izhor kardani darkhost doir ba roh dodani himoyatgar baroi ishtirok dar peshburdi parvandai jinoyati mahrum namesozad. Roh dodani himoyatgar takroran doir namudani amalhoi murofiaviro talab namekunad.

 

Moddai 53. Salohiyati himoyatgar

 

  1. Himoyatgar vazifador ast bo maqsadi oshkor va peshnihod namudani dalelhoi safedkunandai gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda yo sabukkunandai javobgarii onho hamai vosita va usulhoi dar qonun va Kodeksi mazkur mannashudaro istifoda barad va ba onho yorii huquqii zaruri rasonad.
  2. Himoyatgar az lahzai ba parvanda roh doda shudanash huquq dorad:

– donad, ki shakhse, ki u manfiathoyashro himoya mekunad, baroi chi gumonbar yo aybdor karda meshavad;

– be mamoniat bo shakhsi tahti himoyatash buda yak ba yak, be mahdud kardani shumora va davomnoki suhbat kunad; (QJT az 27.11.14s., №1134)

– dalel va malumoti baroi rasonidani yorii huquqi zaruriro jam ovarad va peshnihod kunad;

– bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qismi 3 moddai 225 Kodeksi mazkur hangomi ba aybdorshavanda elon kardani ayb ishtirok namoyad;

– dar pursishi gumonbarshuda va aybdorshavanda, inchunin digar amalhoi taftishi, ki bo darkhosti khudi himoyatgar anjom doda meshavad, ishtirok kunad;

– bo protokoli dastgirkuni, qarori tatbiqi chorahoi peshgiri, protokoli amali taftishi, ki bo ishtiroki gumonbarshuda yo khudi himoyatgar guzaronida  shudaast, bo hujjathoe, ki peshnihod shudaand yo  boyad ba gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavanda peshnihod karda shavand, shinos shavad;

– pas az anjomi tahqiq yo taftishi peshaki bo tamomi mavodi parvanda shinos shuda, az on hama guna malumotro dar har hajme, ki khohad, ruynavis kunad;

– darkhost izhor kunad;

– dar muhokimai sudii sudi marhilai yakum ishtirok namoyad;

– dar muzokirahoi sudi baromad kunad;

– dar majlisi sud, ki parvandaro bo tartibi kassatsioni yo nazorati barrasi mekunad yo hangomi az nav ogoz kardani parvanda oid ba holathoi nav oshkorshuda ishtirok namoyad va oid ba shikoyatho tavzehot dihad;

– raddiya arz kunad;

– az amal va qarori tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror va sud, sudya shikoyat kunad va  dar barrasii onho ishtirok namoyad;

– baroi himoya hama guna vositaho va usuli khilofi qonun nabudaro istifoda barad;

– oid ba etiroz va shikoyathoi ba parvanda peshnihodshuda malumot doshta boshad va nisbat ba onho izhori norizogi kunad.

  1. Himoyatgare, ki dar peshburdi amalhoi taftishi ishtirok kardaast, huquq dorad bo ijozati mufattish ba shakhsoni pursidashavanda savolho dihad. Mufattish yo tahqiqbaranda metavonad ba dodani savolhoi rahnamunkunanda etiroz kunand, vale vazifadorand onhoro dar protokol sabt kunand.
  2. Himoyatgar huquq dorad dar protokoli amali taftishi dar borai sahehi va purragii sabti on erodhoi khattii khudro inikos namoyad.
  3. Himoyatgari dar barrasii parvanda ishtirokkunanda metavonad yordamchi doshta boshad. YOrdamchi bo rizoi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda dar huzuri himoyatgar yo bo vakolatnomai u bo mavodi parvanda shinos shavad.
  4. Himoyatgar huquq nadorad:

– malumotero, ki binobar tatbiqi himoya yo rasonidani digar kumaki huquqi baroyash malum gashtaast, fosh kunad;

– az uhdadorii khud dar bobati himoyai gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda dast kashad;

– shakhsi tahti himoyatash qarordoshtaro bar khilofi mavqei u ba kirdori baroi jamiyat khavfnok aloqador yo dar sodir kardani jinoyat gunahgor etirof namoyad;

– be suporishi shakhsi tahti himoyatash qarordoshta dar borai oshti shudan bo jabrdida, etirof kardani davoi grajdani va bargardonidani shikoyatnomai dodai u arz namoyad;

– khudsarona vakolathoyashro qat namoyad va be rizoi himoyatshavanda vakolathoyashro dar bobati himoya ba zimmai digar kas voguzorad.

  1. Himoyatgar uhdador ast:

– bo davati maqomoti peshbarandai murofiai sudii jinoyati va sud, sudya baroi himoyai huquq va manfiathoi qonunii gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda va ba onho rasonidani yorii huquqi hozir shavad;

– dar surati hozir shuda natavonistan dar davomi 24 soat dar in bora maqomoti peshbarandai taqibi jinoyati va sudro ogoh namoyad;

– ba amrhoi qonunii maqomoti peshbarandai murofiai sudii jinoyati itoat namoyad;

– malumotro dar borai holathoe, ki bo sababi rasonidani yorii huquqi ba u malum gashtaast, inchunin malumoti taftishi peshaki va majlisi pushidai sudiro fosh nasozad.

  1. Himoyatgar baroi fosh kardani malumoti tahqiqi ibtidoi yo taftishi peshaki be ijozati maqomoti peshbarandai murofiai sudii jinoyati mutobiqi moddai 361 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavad, ba sharte ki u dar in bora az tarafi maqomoti peshbarandai taqibi jinoyati yo sud, sudya mutobiqi moddai 177 Kodeksi mazkur ogoh karda shuda boshad.

 

Moddai 54. Javobgari grajdani

 

  1. Ba sifati javobgari grajdani shakhsi voqei va shakhsi huquqie, ki tibqi qonun baroi zarari az jinoyatrasida masuliyati moli dorand, jalb karda meshavand.
  2. Tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror va sudya dar borai ba javobgarii grajdani kashidani shakhs qaror, sudya boshad, tainot mebarorand.
  3. Javobgari grajdani huquq dorad:

– mohiyati aybdorkuni va davoi grajdaniro donad;

– ziddi davo norozigi bayon kunad;

– oid ba mohiyati davoi peshnihodshuda nishondod dihad;

– namoyanda doshta boshad;

– dalelho peshnihod kunad;

– darkhost va raddiya dihad;

– pas az anjomi taftish bo mavodi parvanda, ki ba davoi grajdani marbut ast, shinos shavad, malumothoi zaruriro ruynavis kunad;

– dar murofiai sudi ishtirok namoyad;

– dar muzokirahoi sudi baromad kunad;

– az amal va qarori tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror va sud, sudya shikoyat kunad;

– bo protokoli majlisi sud shinos shuda, ba on erod peshnihod kunad;

– az hukm va tainoti sud dar bobati davoi grajdani shikoyat kunad, etiroz va shikoyatero, ki nisbat ba parvanda peshnihod shudaast, donad va ba onho izhori norizoi bayon kunad; (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)

– dar barrasii sudii etiroz va shikoyatho ishtirok namoyad.

  1. Javobgari grajdani uhdador ast:

– bo davati maqomoti peshbarandai murofiai sudii jinoyati va sud, sudya hozir shavad;

– ba qarori qonunii maqomoti peshbarandai murofiai sudii jinoyati va sud, sudya itoat namoyad;

–  malumotro dar borai holathoe, ki az rui parvandai jinoyati ba u malum gashtaast, fosh nasozad, ba sharte ki u dar in bora az tarafi maqomoti peshburdi murofiai sudii jinoyati yo sud, sudya ogoh karda shuda boshad.

  1. Javobgari grajdani baroi fosh kardani malumoti tahqiqi ibtidoi yo taftishi peshaki be ijozati maqomoti peshburdi murofiai sudii jinoyati mutobiqi moddai 361 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavad.

 

Moddai 55. Namoyandai javobgari grajdani

 

  1. Namoyandai javobgari grajdani himoyatgar, kheshovandoni nazdik va digar shakhsone etirof karda meshavand, ki mutobiqi qonun va Kodeksi mazkur hangomi peshburdi parvandai jinoyati huquq dorand manfiathoi qonunii javobgari grajdaniro hifz kunand va bo qarori tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sudya yo bo tainoti sud baroi ishtirok dar parvanda roh doda shudaand.
  2. Namoyandai javobgari grajdani doroi huquqhoe meboshad, ki javobgari grajdani dorad.
  3. Ishtiroki javobgari grajdani dar parvanda uro az huquqi dar in parvanda doshtani namoyanda mahrum namekunad.

 

BOBI 7. ISHTIROKCHIYONI DIGARI MUROFIAI SUDII JINOYATI

 

Moddai 56. SHohid

 

  1. Ba sifati shohid baroi dodani nishondod shakhse davat karda meshavad, ki ba u yagon holati baroi parvandai jinoyati ahamiyatdoshta malum ast.
  2. Ba sifati shohid shakhsoni zerin pursida nameshavand:

– shakhsone, ki bo sababi norasoihoi jismoni yo ruhi qobiliyat nadorand, ki holathoi dar parvandai jinoyati muqarrarshavandaro durust dark va barqaror namoyand;

– advokat va yordamchii u baroi aniq namudani malumote, ki mumkin ast ba onho ba sababi murojiat baroi rasonidani yorii huquqi yo rasonidani chunin yori ayon gardidaast;

– kheshovandoni nazdiki gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda, ba sharte ki onho baroi pursish ba sifati shohidi parvandai mazkur rozi nashuda boshand;

– sudya, mashvaratchii khalqi oid ba holathoi muhokimai masalahoe, ki hangomi ishtiroki onho dar barrasii parvanda malum gashtaast.

  1. SHohid huquq dorad:

– bo zaboni modari yo bo zaboni digare, ki medonad, nishondod dihad;

– az khizmati tarjumon roygon istifoda barad;

– ba tarjumone, ki dar pursishi u ishtirok mekunad, raddiya izhor namoyad;

– bo dasti khud dar protokoli pursish nishondodashro sabt kunad;

– oid ba tatbiq namudani chorahoi himoyai huququ ozodihoi khud tibqi muqarraroti moddai 12 Kodeksi mazkur darkhost peshnihod namoyad;

– az amali tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror va sud, sudya shikoyat kunad.

  1. SHohid vazifador ast:

– bo davati tahqiqkunanda, mufattish, prokuror va sud hozir shavad;

– hamai on chizero, ki oid ba parvanda baroyash malum ast, saheh ittilo dihad va ba savolhoi guzoshtashuda durust javob dihad;

– be ijozati pursishkunanda malumoti oid ba holathoi parvanda ba u malumro fosh nakunad;

– tartibi muayyanshudai peshburdi amali taftishi va majlisi sudro rioya kunad.

  1. SHohid hangomi qasdan az rui davat hozir nashudan majburan ovarda meshavad va bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavad.
  2. SHohid baroi sarkashi az hozir shudan va baroi didayu donista dodani nishondodi bardurug yo nakhostani dodani nishondod mutobiqi moddahoi 351 va 352 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston javobgar meboshad.

 

Moddai 57. Mutakhassis

 

  1. Mutakhassis shakhsest, ki ba halli parvandai jinoyati manfiatdor nabuda, doroi donishu tajribai makhsus ast va baroi musoidat namudan ba tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sud, sudya dar oshkor yo daryoft namudani dalel, asosnok kardani on, inchunin dar tatbiqi vositahoi tekhniki mumkin ast jalb karda shavad.
  2. Mutakhassis baroi ishtirok namudan dar peshburdi amalhoi taftishi va muhokimai sudii parvandai jinoyati mutobiqi moddahoi 179, 284, 305 Kodeksi mazkur davat karda meshavad.
  3. Mutakhassis huquq dorad:

– sababi davat shudanashro donad;

– agar doroi donishu tajribai sohai dakhldor naboshad, az ishtirok dar peshburdi parvanda dast kashad;

– bo ijozati tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror va sud, sudya ba ishtirokchiyoni amali taftishi savol dihad;

– bo protokoli taftish, ki dar on ishtirok mekunad, shinos shavad va arzu mulohizotero peshnihod namoyad, ki boyad ba protokol dokhil karda shavand;

– az amali tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror va sud, sudya shikoyat kunad.

  1. Mutakhassis uhdador ast:

– bo davati tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror va sud, sudya hozir shavad;

– dar peshburdi amali taftishi va muhokimai sudi donishu tajribai khud va vositahoi ilmiyu tekhnikiro istifoda namuda, baroi oshkor yo daryoft namudani dalel va asosnok kardani on ishtirok namoyad;

– dar jarayoni majlisi sud oid ba amalhoi anjomdodaash tavzehot dihad.

  1. Mutakhassis baroi sarkashi kardan az hozirshavi ba davati maqomoti tahqiqi ibtidoi, taftishoti va sud yo sarkashi kardan az ijroi vazifahoi khud mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavad.

 

Moddai 58. Korshinos (ekspert)

 

  1. Korshinos dar holathoe davat karda meshavad, ki baroi peshburdi tahqiq, taftishi peshaki yo hangomi muhokimai sudii parvanda ba donishi makhsus dar sohai ilm, tekhnika, farhang yo kasbu hunar zarurat ba miyon oyad.
  2. Ba sifati korshinos har shakhse, ki baroi peshnihodi khulosa donishi makhsus va dar holathoi zaruri ijozatnomai dakhldor dorad, davat shudanash mumkin ast.
  3. Davat kardani korshinos, tain va peshburdi ekspertiza bo tartibi peshbininamudai bobi 24 Kodeksi mazkur anjom doda meshavad.
  4. Korshinos huquq dorad:

– bo mavodi parvandai jinoyati, ki ba mavzui ekspertiza aloqamand ast, shinos shavad;

– dar borai ba u peshnihod namudani mavodi ilovagi, ki baroi dodani khulosa zarurand yo dar borai taini ekspertizai kompleksi darkhost kunad;

– bo ijozati tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror va sud, sudya dar peshburdi amali taftishi ishtirok karda, ba pursishshavandagon va digar shakhson, ki dar in amal ishtirok dorand, vobasta ba masalahoi mavzui ekspertiza savolho dihad;

– bo zaboni modari yo digar zabone, ki medonad, nishondod dihad;

– az khizmati tarjumon roygon istifoda barad;

– az amali tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror va sud, sudya, ki huquqi uro hangomi peshburdi ekspertiza mahdud mekunad, shikoyat namoyad;

– agar hallu fasli masalai guzoshtashuda az doirai donishi takhassusash berun boshad yo mavodi dar ikhtiyorash buda baroi dodani khulosa nokifoya boshad, az peshnihodi khulosa dast kashad.

  1. Korshinos huquq nadorad be ogoh namudani tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror va sud, sudya bo digar ishtirokchiyoni murofia dar borai masalahoi marbut bo ekspertiza guftushunid kunad, baroi tadqiqot mustaqilona mavod jamovari namoyad, agar baroi on ijozati makhsusi tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sud, sudya mavjud naboshad, taftishe guzaronad, ki boisi purra yo qisman nestu nobud gardidani obektho yo tagyir yoftani namudi zohiri yo khosiyathoi asosii onho gardad.
  2. Korshinos uhdador ast:

– bo davati tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror va sud, sudya hozir shavad;

– vobasta ba masalahoi tadqiqot va savolhoi peshnihodshuda khulosai asosnok va voqebinonai khatti peshnihod namoyad;

– malumoti mavodi parvandaro fosh nakunad;

– hangomi peshburdi amali taftishi va majlisi sud tartibotro rioya namoyad.

  1. Korshinos baroi didayu donista dodani khulosai bardurug, inchunin baroi sarkashi kardan az hozirshavi yo ijroi vazifahoi khud mutobiqi moddahoi 351 va 352 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavad. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)

 

Moddai 59. Tarjumon

 

  1. Tarjumon shakhsest, ki zabonhoi baroi tarjuma zarurro medonad va baroi ishtirok dar amalhoi taftishiyu sudi dar holathoe, ki gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda, himoyatgaroni onho yo jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani yo namoyandagoni onho, inchunin shohidon va digar ishtirokchiyoni murofia zabonero, ki peshburdi parvanda ba vositai on anjom doda meshavad, namedonand, inchunin baroi tarjumai mavodi khatti davat karda meshavad.
  2. Tarjumon bo qarori tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sudya va tainoti sud tain karda meshavad.
  3. Tarjumon inchunin mutobiqi Kodeksi mazkur shakhse hisob meyobad, ki imovu ishorai gungonro mefahmad va qodir ast bo karho bo istifodai alomatho suhbat kunad.
  4. Tarjumon huquq dorad:

– bo protokoli amali taftishi, ki hangomi peshburdi on ishtirok dosht, inchunin bo protokoli majlisi sud shinos shavad va ba onho erod girad va on boyad dar protokol darj shavad;

– agar u donishi baroi tarjuma zaruri nadoshta boshad, az ishtirok dar parvanda dast kashad;

– az amali tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror va sud, sudya shikoyat kunad.

  1. Tarjumon uhdador ast:

– bo davati tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror va sud, sudya hozir shavad;

– tarjumai matni ba u supurdashudaro daqiq va purra ba jo orad, saheh budani tarjuma dar protokoli taftish, ki bo ishtiroki u surat giriftaast, inchunin tarjumai matni hujjathoi murofiaviro, ki ba ishtirokchiyoni murofia bo zaboni modarii onho yo digar zabone, ki onho medonand, dodashudaro bo imzoi khud tasdiq kunad;

– malumoti mavodi parvandaro fosh nakunad;

– hangomi peshburdi amali taftishi va majlisi sud tartibotro rioya kunad.

  1. Tarjumon dar holati didayu donista nodurust tarjuma kardan, inchunin hangomi sarkashi kardan az hozir shudan ba davat yo az ijroi vazifahoi khud bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai moddahoi 351 va 352 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgarii jinoyati kashida meshavad.

 

Moddai 60. SHakhsi kholis

 

  1. SHakhsi kholis shakhsest, ki ba halli parvandai jinoyati manfiatdor nest va baroi ishtirok dar amali taftishi yo digar amali murofiavi baroi tasdiqi daleli peshburdi on, mazmun, jarayon va natijahoi on az jonibi tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror va sud, sudya davat shudaast.
  2. Inho shakhsoni kholis buda nametavonand:

– noboligon;

– shakhsoni nomukallaf;

– ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudi va kheshovandoni onho;

– kormandoni maqomoti hifzi huquq, ki doroi vakolathoi guzarondani chorabinihoi operativi-justujui va tahqiqu taftishi peshaki meboshand. (QJT az 25.03.11s., №692)

  1. SHakhsoni kholise, ki dar peshburdi amali taftishi ishtirok mekunand, naboyad kamtar az du nafar boshand. Pesh az ogozi amali taftishi tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror ba onho huquq va uhdadorihoyashonro mefahmonand.
  2. SHakhsi kholis huquq dorad:

– dar peshburdi amali taftishi ishtirok kunad;

– oid ba peshburdi amali taftishi mulohizahoyashro bayon kunad, ba on erod girad va in mulohizavu erodho boyad dar protokol sabt shavand;

– bo protokoli taftish, ki dar on ishtirok kardaast, shinos shavad;

– az amali tahqiqbaranda, mufattish va prokuror shikoyat kunad.

  1. SHakhsi kholis uhdador ast:

– bo davati tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror va sud, sudya hozir shavad;

– dar peshburdi amali taftishi ishtirok kunad;

– daleli peshburdi in amal, jarayon va natijahoi onro dar protokoli taftish bo imzo tasdiq namoyad;

– malumoti mavodi taftishro fosh nakunad;

– hangomi peshburdi amali taftishi tartibotro rioya kunad.

  1. SHakhsi kholis dar surati sarkashi kardan az hozir shudan yo az ijroi vazifahoi khud tibqi moddai 352 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavad.
  2. SHakhsi kholis boyad tamomi amali dar huzuri u ba miyonomadaro purra va saheh dark karda tavonad.

 

BOBI 8. HOLATHOE, KI IMKONIYATI ISHTIROKRO DAR MUROFIAI SUDII JINOYATI ISTISNO MEKUNAND

 

Moddai 61. Holathoe, ki ishtiroki sudyaro dar barrasii parvandai jinoyati istisno mekunand

 

  1. Sudya nametavonad dar barrasii parvandai jinoyati ishtirok namoyad, agar:

– tibqi qonun baroi barrasii hamin parvandai jinoyati vakolatdor naboshad;

– oid ba hamin parvandai jinoyati jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani yo shohid boshad;

– dar hamin parvandai jinoyati ba sifati korshinos, mutakhassis, tarjumon, shakhsi kholis, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, kotibi majlisi sud, himoyatgar, namoyandai qonunii gumonbarshuda,  aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda, namoyandai jabrdida, davogari grajdani yo javobgari grajdani ishtirok karda boshad;

– khud, kheshovandoni nazdiki u bevosita yo bavosita ba halli parvanda manfiatdor boshand;

– kheshovandi aybdorkunandai davlati, aybdorkunandai khususi, mufattish, tahqiqbaranda, aybdorshavanda, jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani, namoyandai onho, himoyatgar boshad;

– holathoe mavjud boshand, ki begarazii sudyaro tahti shubha guzorand. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)

  1. Dar holathoi peshbininamudai qismi 1 moddai mazkur sudya vazifador ast az ishtirok dar parvanda dast kashad.

 

Moddai 62. Holathoe, ki ishtiroki takrorii sudyaro dar barrasii parvandai jinoyati istisno mekunand

 

  1. Sudyae, ki qarori ba habs giriftan yo tahti habsi khonagi qaror dodani gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavandaro qabul namudaast, muhlati dar habs yo habsi khonagi nigoh doshtani onhoro daroz kardaast, dar barrasii hamon parvanda dar sudhoi marhilahoi yakum, kassatsioni va nazorati ishtirok karda nametavonad. (QJT az 16.04.12s., №809)
  2. Sudyae, ki dar barrasii parvandai jinoyati dar sudi marhilai yakum ishtirok namudaast, hangomi barrasii hamon parvanda ba tariqi kassatsioni yo nazorati, hamchunin dar surati bekor shudani hukm yo qaror (tainot) dar borai qat namudani peshburdi parvandai jinoyatie, ki bo ishtiroki u qabul karda shudaast, hamzamon hangomi az nav barrasi namudani parvandai jinoyati dar sudi marhilai yakum ishtirok karda nametavonad.
  3. Sudyae, ki dar barrasii parvandai jinoyati dar sudi marhilai kassatsioni ishtirok namudaast, dar barrasii hamon parvanda dar sudi marhilahoi yakum yo nazorati, hamchunin dar barrasii navi parvanda dar sudi marhilai kassatsioni badi bekor shudani tainoti bo ishtiroki u barovardashuda ishtirok karda nametavonad.
  4. Sudyae, ki dar barrasii parvandai jinoyati dar sudi marhilai nazorati ishtirok namudaast, dar barrasii hamon parvanda dar sudhoi marhilahoi yakum va kassatsioni ishtirok karda nametavonad.

 

Moddai 63. Rad kardani sudya

 

  1. Hangomi mavjud budani holathoi peshbininamudai moddahoi 61 va 62 Kodeksi mazkur sudya va mashvaratchii khalqi vazifador ast az ishtirok dar parvanda dast kashad. Bo hamon asosho ba sudya va mashvaratchii khalqi az tarafi ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudii dar moddai 301 Kodeksi mazkur nishondodashuda metavonad raddiya arz namoyad.
  2. Raddiya boyad asosnok karda, to ogozi taftishi sudi arz shavad. Arzi dertari raddiya tanho dar holathoe ijozat doda meshavad, ki asosi raddiya ba sud yo ba shakhsi izhorkunandai raddiya pas az ogozi taftishi sudi ayon gardida boshad. Sudya yo mashvaratchii khalqie, ki ba u raddiya arz shudaast, huquq dorad doir ba in masala bayonot dihad.

 

Moddai 64.  Tartibi halli raddiyae, ki nisbat ba sudya arz shudaast

 

  1. Masalai rad namudani sudya, inchunin digar ishtirokchiyoni murofia, ki dar davrai murofiai sudi arz shudaast, az jonibi sud tavassuti barovardani tainot dar khonai mashvarati hal karda meshavad.
  2. Raddiyae, ki nisbat ba sudya arz shudaast, az tarafi sudyahoi digar dar gaybi u hal karda meshavad. Radshavanda huquq dorad to ba khonai mashvarati daromadani sud bayonotashro dar borai raddiyai ba u arzshuda izhor namoyad. Hangomi barobar budani ovozho sudya rad kardashuda hisob meyobad.
  3. Raddiyae, ki ba yakchand sudya yo hayati purrai sud arz shudaast, az jonibi hayati purrai hamon sud bo aksariyati ovozho hal karda meshavad.
  4. Raddiya nisbat ba sudyae, ki parvandaro tanho barrasi mekunad yo shikoyatro oid ba tatbiqi chorai peshgiri va digar chorahoi majburkunii murofiavi dida mebaroyad, az tarafi sudya tanho tavassuti qabuli qaror hal karda meshavad.
  5. Dar holati qone namudani arzi raddiya parvandai jinoyati, shikoyat yo darkhost baroi barrasi ba digar sudya suporida meshavad.
  6. Dar barobari az jonibi yake az tarafho nisbat ba sudya, kotibi majlisi sud, tarjumon, korshinos, mutakhassis arz shudani raddiya dar navbati avval masalai rad kardani sudya hal karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 65. Rad kardani prokuror

 

  1. Prokuror hangomi mavjud budani asoshoi peshbininamudai moddai 61 Kodeksi mazkur vazifador ast az ishtirok dar barrasii parvandai jinoyati dast kashad.
  2. Prokuror dar peshburdi taftishi peshaki yo tahqiq, inchunin dastgiri kardani aybdorkuni dar sud ishtirok karda boshad, baroi ishtiroki minbadai u dar parvanda monea shuda nametavonad.
  3. Bo asoshoi peshbininamudai moddai 61 Kodeksi mazkur ba prokuror metavonand gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda, namoyandai qonunii onho, himoyatgar, inchunin jabrdida va namoyandagoni u, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani yo namoyandagoni onho raddiya arz kunand.
  4. Masalai rad kardani prokuror dar davrai peshburdi tosudii parvanda az jonibi prokurori boloi, hangomi peshburdi sudii parvanda boshad, az jonibi sudi barrasikunandai parvanda hal karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 66. Rad kardani mufattish va tahqiqbaranda

 

  1. Mufattish va tahqiqbaranda dar taftishi parvandai jinoyati hangomi mavjud budani asoshoi peshbininamudai qismi 1 moddai 61 Kodeksi mazkur ishtirok karda nametavonand. Ishtiroki onho dar tahqiq yo taftishi peshaki, ki qablan oid ba hamin parvanda surat girifta bud, baroi rad kardani onho asos shuda nametavonad.
  2. Hangomi mavjud budani asosho baroi rad kardani mufattish yo tahqiqbaranda onho vazifadorand az ishtirok dar parvandai jinoyati dast kashand.
  3. Masalai rad kardani mufattish yo tahqiqbaranda az jonibi prokuror hal karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 67. Rad kardani kotibi majlisi sud

 

  1. Muqarraroti moddai 61 Kodeksi mazkur ba kotibi majlisi sud niz dakhl dorand. Ishtiroki qablii u dar parvanda ba sifati kotibi majlisi sud baroi rad kardani u asos shuda nametavonad.
  2. Masalai rad kardani kotibi majlisi sud az jonibi sud yo sudyae, ki parvandaro barrasi menamoyad, hal karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 68. Rad kardani tarjumon

 

  1. Tarjumon hangomi mavjud budani asoshoi dar moddai 61 Kodeksi mazkur nishondodashuda, hamchunin dar holate, ki besalohiyatii u oshkor megardad, dar peshburdi parvanda ishtirok karda nametavonad.
  2. Hangomi mavjud budani in asosho gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda, namoyandai qonunii u, himoyatgar, aybdorkunanda, inchunin jabrdida va namoyandai onho, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani yo namoyandagoni onho nisbat ba tarjumon raddiya arz karda metavonand.
  3. Dar holati oshkor gardidani besalohiyatii tarjumon shohide, ki nishondodashro tarjumon tarjuma kardaast, nisbat ba u raddiya arz karda metavonad.
  4. Qablan ba sifati tarjumon ishtirok kardani shakhs dar parvanda baroi rad kardani u asos shuda nametavonad.
  5. Masalai rad namudani tarjumon hangomi peshburdi tahqiq yo taftishi peshaki mutanosiban az jonibi tahqiqbaranda, mufattish yo prokuror, dar murofiai sudi az jonibi sud, sudyae, ki parvandaro barrasi mekunad, hal karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 69. Rad kardani korshinos

 

  1. Korshinos dar holathoi zayl nametavonad dar peshburdi parvandaho ishtirok kunad:

– hangomi mavjud budani asoshoi dar moddai 61 Kodeksi mazkur zikrgardida;

– agar u tahti vobastagii khizmati yo digar vobastagii tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sudya, gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda, himoyatgar yo namoyandagoni qonunii onho, jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani yo namoyandagoni onho qaror dosht yo qaror dorad;

– agar u oid ba hamin parvanda sanjish (reviziya) anjom doda boshad;

– dar holati oshkor gardidani besalohiyatii u.

  1. Ishtiroki qablii korshinos dar parvanda ba sifati mutakhassis va yo ba sifati korshinos baroi rad kardani u asos shuda nametavonad.
  2. Masalai rad kardani korshinos bo tartibi peshbininamudai qismi 5 moddai 68 Kodeksi mazkur hal karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 70. Rad kardani mutakhassis

 

  1. Mutakhassis hangomi mavjud budani asoshoi dar moddai 61 Kodeksi mazkur nishondodashuda dar peshburdi parvanda ishtirok karda nametavonad.
  2. Ishtiroki qabli dar parvanda ba sifati mutakhassis baroi rad kardani u asos shuda nametavonad.
  3. Masalai rad kardani mutakhassis bo tartibi peshbininamudai qismi 5 moddai 68 Kodeksi mazkur hal karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 71. Holathoe, ki ishtiroki himoyatgar, namoyandai jabrdida, davogari grajdani yo javobgari grajdaniro dar parvanda istisno mekunand

 

  1. Himoyatgar, namoyandai jabrdida, davogari grajdani va yo javobgari grajdani huquq nadorand dar barrasii parvandai jinoyati ishtirok kunand, ba sharte ki:

– qablan dar parvanda ba sifati sudya, prokuror, mufattish, tahqiqbaranda, kotibi majlisi sud, shohid, korshinos, mutakhassis, tarjumon yo shakhsi kholis ishtirok karda boshand;

– bo sudya, prokuror, mufattish, tahqiqbaranda yo kotibi majlisi sud, ki dar taftish yo barrasii sudii hamin parvanda ishtirok mekunand yo bo shakhsi manfiatash ba manfiati ishtirokchiyoni murofiai bo u dar borai rasonidani yorii huquqi sozishnomabasta mukholifand, munosibathoi kheshutabori doshta boshand;

– ba shakhse, ki manfiatash ba manfiati aybdorshavanda yo gumonbarshudai az jonibi u himoyashavanda yo jabrdida, davogari grajdani va javobgari grajdani, ki onhoro namoyandagi mekunad, mukholif ast, yorii huquqi merasonad yo qablan yori rasonidaast.

  1. Masalai rad kardani himoyatgar, namoyandai jabrdida, davogari grajdani yo javobgari grajdani bo tartibi peshbininamudai qismi 5 moddai 68 Kodeksi mazkur hal karda meshavad.

 

FASLI III. DALELHO VA ISBOT

BOBI 9. DALELHO

 

Moddai 72. Dalelho

 

  1. Dalelho oid ba parvandai jinoyati malumoti voqeie ba shumor meravand, ki dar asosi onho sud, prokuror, mufattish, tahqiqbaranda bo tartibi muayyannamudai Kodeksi mazkur mavjud budan yo nabudani kirdori baroi jamiyat khavfnok, isbot gardidan yo nagardidani holatro oid ba parvandai jinoyati va holati digari baroi halli durusti parvanda ahamiyatdoshtaro muqarrar mekunand.
  2. Inho hamchun dalel hisobida meshavand:

– nishondodi shohid;

– nishondodi jabrdida;

– nishondodi gumonbarshuda;

– nishondodi aybdorshavanda;

– nishondodi sudshavanda;

– khulosa va nishondodi korshinos;

-khulosa va nishondodi mutakhassis;

– dalelhoi shayi;

– protokolhoi amalhoi taftishi va sudi;

– sabthoi pinhoni;

– guftugui telefonii gushkardashuda va sabtgardida;

– mushohidahoi elektroni, video va magnitofoni;

– hujjathoi digar.

 

Moddai 73. Nishondodi shohid

 

Baroi muqarrar namudani hamai holathoi marbut ba parvandai jinoyati, az jumla dar khususi shakhsiyati gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda, jabrdida va munosibathoi bayni onho boyad az shohid pursida shavad. Agar shohid sarchashmai in malumotro  nishon doda natavonad, malumoti dodai u dalel shuda nametavonad.

 

Moddai 74. Nishondodi jabrdida

 

  1. Jabrdida oid ba holate, ki nisbati hamin parvanda boyad isbot karda shavad, inchunin oid ba munosibathoi bayni u va gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda va sudshavanda metavonad pursida shavad.
  2. Agar jabrdida sarchashmai malumoti dodaashro nishon doda natavonad, on dalel shuda nametavonad.

 

Moddai 75. Nishondodi gumonbarshuda

 

Gumonbarshuda huquq dorad dar khususi holathoe, ki baroi dastgir shudani u yo intikhob kardani chorahoi peshgiri dar haqqi u asos shudaand, inchunin dar khususi holathoi ba u malumi parvandai jinoyati nishondod dihad.

 

Moddai 76. Nishondodi aybdorshavanda

 

  1. Aybdorshavanda huquq dorad dar borai aybi ba u elonshuda, inchunin digar holathoi ba u malumi baroi parvanda ahamiyatdoshta va dalelho nishondod dihad.
  2. Ba gunohi khud iqror shudani aybdorshavanda baroi gunahgor etirof namudani u asos shuda nametavonad, ba sharte ki on bo majmui dalelhoi dar parvanda jamovarda isbot nashuda boshad.

 

Moddai 77. Hulosa va nishondodi korshinos

 

  1. Agar hangomi peshburdi taftish va muhokimai sudii parvandai jinoyati donishi makhsus dar sohai ilm, tekhnika, sanat yo kasbu hunar zarur boshad, ekspertiza tain karda meshavad, ki tartibi guzaronidani onro bobi 24 Kodeksi mazkur muayyan namudaast.
  2. Hulosai korshinos baroi sud, sudya hatmi nest, vale norizoii onho nisbati khulosa boyad asosnok boshad.
  3. Korshinos oid ba holathoe, ki az khulosai u barmeoyand, pursida shudanash mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 78. Dalelhoi shayi

 

  1. Dalelhoi shayi ashyoe ba hisob meravand, ki:

– chun oloti jinoyat istifoda shudaand;

– dar khud nishonahoi jinoyatro nigoh doshtaand;

– obekti sodir shudani kirdori jinoyati budaand;

– pul va digar arzishhoe, ki bo rohi jinoyati ba dast ovarda shudaand;

– ashyoi digare, ki baroi oshkor namudani jinoyat, muayyan kardani holathoi voqeii parvanda, paydo namudani gunahgoron yo rad kardani ayb yo sabuk kardani javobgari vosita shudaand.

  1. Dalelhoi shayi boyad dar protokoli aznazarguzaroni mufassal sabt gardida, ba qadri imkon aksbardori karda, bo qarori tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sud, sudya ba parvanda ilova karda shavand.
  2. Hangomi barovardani hukm, tainot yo qaror dar borai qat kardani peshburdi parvandai jinoyati boyad masalai daleli shayi bo chunin rohho hal karda shavad:

– oloti jinoyat, ki ba aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda taalluq dorad, boyad musodira karda yo ba muassisai dakhldor suporida yo nobud karda shavad;

– ashyoe, ki muomiloti on man ast, boyad ba muassisai dakhldor suporida yo nobud karda shavad;

– ashyoe, ki hej arzish nadorad va az tarafi shakhse talab karda nashudaast, boyad nobud karda shavad va yo onro dar holati giriftani darkhosti shakhsi manfiatdor yo muassisa ba onho dodan mumkin ast;

daromadhoi bo rohi jinoyat badastovardashuda, sarfi nazar az on, ki qonunigardoni (rasmikunoni) shudaand, bo hukmi sud ba foidai davlat guzaronida shuda, ashyoi digar ba molikoni qonunii onho bargardonida meshavad, dar mavride ki sohiboni onho muayyan nashuda boshand, ba molikiyati davlat guzaronida meshavand; (ЌЉT az 14.03.14 s., № 1067)

– dar surati ba miyon omadani bahs oid ba mansubiyati ashyo bahs boyad bo tartibi murofiai sudii grajdani hal karda shavad;

– hujjate, ki daleli shayi meboshad, hamrohi parvanda nigoh doshta yo ba muassisai dakhldor supurda meshavad.

  1. Tahti ashyo sud ahamiyati daleli shayiro faqat dar holathoi zayl etirof mekunad, agar:

– bo tasviri mukammali on, muhrguzori va digar chunin amal, ki favran badi ba dast ovardani on anjom doda, imkoniyati ivaz kardani on, ba tavri nazarras tagyir dodani nishona, khosiyat, izhoi dar on mavjuda bartaraf karda shuda boshand;

– on bevosita pesh az tahqiq dar sud az jonibi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, jabrdida yo shohid shinokhta shuda boshad.

Moddai 79. Nigoh doshtani dalelhoi shayi

Dalelhoi shayi boyad yakjoya bo parvandai jinoyati nigoh doshta shavand.

  1. Agar daleli shayi binobar kalonhajm budanash yo bo sababi digar bo parvandai jinoyati nigoh doshtanash imkonnopazir boshad, aksbardori karda, muhr zada, dar joe, ki tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sud, sudya nishon medihand, nigoh doshta, dar in bora dar parvanda malumoti dakhldor sabt karda meshavad.
  2. Dar vaqti az maqomoti tahqiq ba mufattish yo az yak mufattish girifta ba mufattishi digar suporidani parvandai jinoyati, inchunin ba prokuror va sud suporidani on daleli shayi yakjoya bo parvandai jinoyati ravon karda meshavad, gayr az mavridhoe, ki dar qismi 2 hamin modda, qismhoi 3 va 4 moddai 185 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini shudaand. (QJT az 1.08.12s., № 878)
  3. Agar nigohdorii daleli shayi bar zarari parvanda naboshad, on goh ba nigohubini sohibash voguzor karda, hamzamon u ogohonida meshavad, ki dar surati sodir namudani harakati gayriqonuni nisbat ba dalelhoi shayi tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavad.

 

Moddai 80. Muhlathoi nigoh doshtani daleli shayi

 

  1. Daleli shayi hamchunin namunahoi dalelhoi shayii dar qismi 5 moddai 185 Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda to etibori qonuni paydo kardani hukm yo to tamom shudani muhlati shikoyat az qaror yo tainoti oid ba qat kardani parvanda nigoh doshta meshavand. Dar mavridhoe, ki bahsi huquq doshtan ba ashyo bo rohi murofiai sudii grajdani hal karda meshavad, dalelhoi shayi to etibori qonuni paydo kardani halnomai sud nigoh doshta meshavand. (QJT az 1.08.12s., № 878)
  2. Dar baze mavridho daleli shayiro to tamom shudani muhlathoe, ki dar qismi 1 hamin modda zikr yoftaand, ba sohibonashon bargardonidan mumkin ast, ba sharte ki in ba taftishi parvanda zarar narasonad.
  3. Agar dalelhoi shayi mahsuloti zudnobudshavanda boshand va onhoro ba sohibash bargardondan mumkin naboshad, baroi maqsadnok istifoda burdan onho ba muassisahoi dakhldor supurda meshavand. Agar zarur shavad, ba joi onho ba sohibash chizhoi doroi hamon guna sifat yo arzishashon pardokhta meshavad.

 

Moddai 81. Protokoli amali taftishi va majlisi sud

 

Protokoli amali taftishi, ki muvofiqi talaboti Kodeksi mazkur tartib doda shuda, holathoero tasdiq mekunand, ki hangomi  aznazarguzaroni, shahodatkunoni, yofta giriftan, koftukov, dastgirkuni, baroi shinokhtan peshnihod namudan, sanjishi nishondodho dar joi hodisa, ozmoishi taftishi, gush kardani guftugui telefoni va digar vositahoi tekhnikii aloqa joy doshtand, inchunin protokoli majlisi sud, ki mutobiqi talaboti Kodeksi mazkur tartib doda shudaand, dalelho oid ba parvandai jinoyati ba shumor meravand.

 

Moddai 82. Hujjathoi digar

 

  1. Hujjathoi digar hamchun dalel etirof meshavand, ba sharte ki malumoti dar onho az jonibi korkhonayu tashkilot, shakhsoni mansabdor va voqei inikos yo tasdiqnamuda baroi parvandai jinoyati ahamiyat doshta boshand.
  2. Hujjat metavonad malumotero dar bar girad, ki khatti yo ba tarzi digar sabt shudaast. Ba hujjat mavodi akkosi va navori kino, sabti audioyu video dokhil meshavand, ki az sarchashmahoi elektronii ittiloot va manbahoi digar girifta shudaand yo bo tartibi peshbininamudai moddai 86 Kodeksi mazkur peshnihod va hamchun daleli parvanda etirof gardidaand.
  3. Agar hujjat doroi hamai nishonahoi dar moddai 78 Kodeksi mazkur zikrgardida boshad, daleli shayi ba hisob meravad.

 

Moddai 83. Ba parvanda hamroh kardan, nigoh doshtan va pasgardonidani hujjat

 

  1. Hujjat ba mavodi parvandai jinoyati az jonibi maqomote, ki murofiai jinoyatiro pesh mebarad, hamroh karda, dar tamomi davrai mavjudiyati on nigoh doshta meshavad.
  2. Agar hujjati girifta va ba parvanda hamrohkarda ba sohibi qonuniash baroi hisobgiri yo hisobotdihii jori yo maqsadhoi digari qonuni zarur shavad, ba u imkoniyat doda meshavad, ki in hujjatro baroi istifodai muvaqqati girad yo nuskhabardori kunad.
  3. Badi yak soli etibori qonuni paydo kardani hukmi sud yo qarori maqomoti peshburdi murofiai jinoyati dar borai qati peshburdi parvandai jinoyati hujjati aslii ba parvanda khamrohkardashuda tibqi darkhost ba sohibi qonuniash bargardonida meshavad. Hamzamon dar parvanda nuskhai hujjate nigoh doshta meshavad, ki saheh budani on vobasta ba joyi nigahdoshti parvandai jinoyati az jonibi mufattish, prokuror yo sud, sudya tasdiq karda shudaast.

 

Moddai 84. Istifodai natijahoi faoliyati operativi-justujui

 

Natijahoi faoliyati operativi-justujuii ba dast ovardashuda ba sharte dalel etirof karda meshavand, ki bo rioyai muqarraroti Kodeksi mazkur jamovari shuda boshand. (QJT az 25.03.11s., №692)

 

BOBI 10. ISBOT

 

Moddai 85. Holathoe, ki oid ba parvandai jinoyati boyad isbot karda shavand

 

Hangomi peshburdi tahqiq, taftishi peshaki va muhokimai parvandai jinoyati holathoi zerin boyad isbot karda shavand:

– hodisai jinoyat (vaqt, joy, tarz va digar holathoi sodir namudani jinoyat);

– holathoe, ki shakhsiyati aybdorshavandaro muayyan mekunand;

– holathoe, ki jinoyat budani kirdorro istisno mekunand;

– holathoe, ki metavonand boisi az javobgarii jinoyati va jazo ozod kardani shakhs gardand;

– holathoe, ki gunahgorii aybdorshavandaro dar sodir kardani jinoyat va musoidat namudan ba on, darajai gunoh va angezai onro muayyan mekunand;

– holathoi ba daraja va khususiyati javobgarii aybdorshavanda tasirrasonanda, ki dar moddahoi 61 va 62 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini shudaand, inchunin digar holathoe, ki shakhsiyati aybdorshavandaro arzyobi mekunand;

– holathoe, ki khususiyat va andozai zarari az jinoyati sodirshuda rasidaro muayyan mekunand;

– holathoe, ki boisi sodirshavii jinoyat gardidaand.

 

Moddai 86. Jam ovardani dalel

 

  1. Jam ovardani dalel dar jarayoni tahqiq, taftishi peshaki va muhokimai sudi bo tartibi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur anjom doda meshavad.
  2. Tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, inchunin sud, sudya bo darkhosti tarafho huquq dorand:

– oid ba parvandai tahti peshburd qarordoshta bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur har shakhsro baroi pursish va peshnihod kardani khulosa ba sifati korshinos jalb namoyand;

– aznazarguzaroni, koftukov va amali digari taftishii peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkurro anjom dihand;

– az korkhona, tashkilot, muassisa, shakhsoni mansabdor va shahrvandon, inchunin maqomoti amalikunandai faoliyati operativi-justujui, peshnihod kardani hujjatho va ashyoi baroi parvanda ahamiyatdoshtaro talab namoyand; (QJT az 25.03.11s., №692)

– peshburdi taftish va sanjishro (reviziya) az maqomoti vakolatdor va shakhsoni mansabdor talab kunand.

  1. Himoyatgare, ki bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur baroi ishtirok dar barrasii parvanda roh doda shudaast, huquq dorad:

– dalelho peshnihod kunad;

– malumotero, ki baroi rasonidani yorii huquqi zarurand, jam ovarad;

– malumotnoma, tavsifnoma va digar hujjathoro az muassisa, tashkilot va korkhonahoi mukhtalif, ki bo tartibi muqarrarshuda ba dodani in hujjatho yo nuskhai onho uhdadorand, talab kunad;

– bo rizoi himoyashavanda fikri mutakhassisonro baroi sharhi masalahoe, ki vobasta ba rasonidani yorii huquqi ba miyon meoyand va onho donishi makhsusro talab mekunand, pursad.

  1. Malumot ba tariqi shifohi, khatti, sabti audioyu video, inchunin ashyo va hujjathoero, ki dalel shuda metavonand, gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, himoyatgar, aybdorkunanda, sudshavanda, jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onho, shahrvandon, shakhsoni mansabdori korkhona, tashkilotu muassisa huquq dorand peshnihod kunand.

 

Moddai 87. Taftishi dalelho

 

Dalelhoi az rui parvanda jamovardashuda boyad hamajoniba va kholisona taftish karda shavand. Taftish az tahlili dalelhoi ba dast ovardashuda, muqoisai onho bo digar dalelho, dalelhoi navi jamovardashuda, manbahoi ba dast ovardashudai dalelho iborat ast.

 

Moddai 88. Bahodihii dalelho

 

  1. Taњќiќbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sud, sudya ќonun va darki њuќuќiro ba roњbarї girifta, dalelњoro bo aќidai botinii khud, ki ba barrasii њamatarafa, purra va kholisonai њama њolatњoi parvanda asos yoftaast, az nigoњi mansubiyat doshtan, ќobili ќabul budan, saњeњ budan va kifoya budani maљmui њamai dalelњoi љamovardashuda baroi њalli parvandai љinoyatї baњo mediњad.
  2. Dalel ba parvanda mansubiyat doshta etirof karda meshavad, agar az malumotњoivoќeie iborat boshad, ki onњo khulosaњo oid ba mavљud budani њolatњoi baroi parvandai mazkur aњamiyatdoshtaro tasdiќ namoyand, rad kunand yo taњti shubњa guzorand.
  3. Dalel ќobili ќabul etirof karda meshavad, agar on bo tartibi dar Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda ba dast ovarda shuda boshad.
  4. Dalel saњeњ etirof karda meshavad, agar dar natiљai taftish malum shavad, ki on ba њaќiќat muvofiќ ast.
  5. Maљmui dalelњo baroi њalli parvandai љinoyatї kofї etirof karda meshavad, agar dalelњoi ba parvanda mansubiyatdoshta va ќobili ќabule љamovarї shuda boshand, ki њaќiќatro oid ba њama va њar yak њolate, ki boyad bo parvandai mazkur isbot karda shavand, be baњs muayyan namoyand.
  6. YAgon dalel baroi taњќiќbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sud, sudya ќuvvai peshakї muќarrarshudaro doro nest (QJT az 14.05.2016 s., №1306).

 

Moddai 881. Dalelhoi gayri qobili qabul

 

  1. Dalelho gayri qobili qabul hisobida meshavand, agar onho bo vayron kardani talaboti Kodeksi mazkur bo rohi mahrum kardan yo mahdud kardani huquqhoi ishtirokchiyoni murofiai jinoyati, ki bo qonun kafolat doda shudaand, vayron kardani tartibi jamovarii dalelho yo digar qoidahoi murofiai jinoyati hangomi peshburdi tosudi yo muhokimai sudii parvanda ba dast ovarda shuda, ba sahehiyati
    malumothoi voqeii badastovardashuda tasir rasonida boshand yo imkoni tasirrasoni doshta boshand, az jumla bo:

– istifodai shikanja, munosibati berahmona, zurovari, tahdid, fireb yo digar kirdori gayriqonuni;

– istifodai gumrohshavi, ki dar natijai nafahmonidan, nopurra yo nodurust fahmonidani huquq va uhdadorihoi ishtirokchii murofiai jinoyati ba miyon omadaast;

– guzaronidani amali murofiavi az jonibi shakhse, ki huquqi anjom dodani peshburdro bo parvandai jinoyatii mazkur nadosht;

– guzaronidani amali murofiavi bo ishtiroki shakhse, ki boyad rad karda meshud;

– ba tavri jiddi vayron kardani tartibi guzaronidani amali murofiavi;

– ba dast ovardani malumot az sarchashmai nomalum yo sarchashmai digare, ki dar murofiai jinoyati muayyan kardani on gayriimkon ast;

– istifoda burdani usulhoi khilofi donishhoi muosiri ilmi hangomi isbotkuni.

  1. Qobili qabul nabudani dalelho, inchunin mahdud kardani istifodai onho dar murofiai jinoyati az tarafi tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sud, sudya bo tashabbusi khudi onho yo bo darkhosti tarafho muayyan karda meshavand. Malumoti voqei dar borai istifoda shudani shikanja yo munosibati berahmona nisbati gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda, novobasta ba vorid shudani arizai onho yo darkhosti himoyatgar az nigohi qobili qabul budani nishondodhoi onho hamchun dalel, mavridi taftish va bahodikhi qaror doda meshavand.
  2. Tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sud, sudya hangomi hal kardani masalai gayri qobili qabul budani dalelho vazifadorand dar har yak holat mahz dar chi zohir shudani qonunvayronkuniro muayyan karda, qarori asosnok qabul namoyand. Hangomi gayri qobili qabul hisobidani dalel bo sababi istifoda namudani shikanja yo munosibati berahmona tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sud, sudya dar doirai salohiyati khud oid ba javobgarii dakhldori shakhsoni ba in amalho rohdoda, choraho meandeshand.
  3. Dalelhoe, ki gayri qobili qabul hisobida shudaand, beetibor donista shuda, ba asosi aybdorkuni guzoshta nameshavand va baroi isboti yagon holati dar moddai 85 Kodeksi mazkur zikryofta istifoda shuda nametavonand.
  4. Malumothoi voqeie, ki bo qonunvayronkunihoi dar qismi 1 moddai mazkur peshbinigardida ba dast ovarda shudaand, ba sifati isboti holati joy doshtani qonunvayronkunihoi dakhldor va aybdorkunii shakhsone, ki ba onho dar rafti taqibi jinoyati roh dodaand, istifoda shuda metavonand. (QJT az 14.05.2016 s., №1306)

 

 

Moddai 89. Preyuditsiya

 

  1. Hukmi etibori qonuni paydokarda oid ba parvandai jinoyati baroi sud, sudya, prokuror, mufattish va tahqiqbaranda hangomi peshburdi parvandai jinoyati nisbat ba holathoi muqarrarkardashuda va ham bahodihii huquqii onho hatmi meboshad.
  2. Halnomai etibori qonuni paydokardai sud oid ba parvandahoi grajdani, oilavi, iqtisodi va qarori sud oid ba parvandahoi huquqvayronkunii mamuri baroi sud, sudya, prokuror, mufattish‚ tahqiqbaranda hangomi peshburdi parvandai jinoyati tanho oid ba masalai joy doshtani khudi hodisa yo kirdor hatmi buda, naboyad peshaki gunahgori yo begunohii sudshavandaro hal namoyad. (QJT az 27.11.14s., №1134)

 

Moddai 90. Holathoe, ki doir ba parvandai jinoyati nisbat ba noboligon boyad muqarrar karda shavand

 

  1. Hangomi peshburdi taftishi peshaki va muhokimai sudi doir ba parvandai jinoyati nisbat ba noboligon ba muayyan kardani holathoi zayl diqqati makhsus dodan lozim ast:

– sinnu soli nobolig (ruz, moh, soli tavallud);

– sharoiti zindagi va talimu tarbiya; (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)

– sabab va sharoithoe, ki ba jinoyat sodir kardani nobolig musoidat namudaand;

– mavjudiyati tahrikkunandagon va sharikoni digar.

  1. Hangomi mavjud budani malumot dar borai kamaqlii nobolig, ki bo bemorii ruhi aloqamand nest, inchunin boyad mohiyati kirdori khudro purra dark karda tavonistani u oshkor karda shavad. Baroi muqarrar kardani in holat boyad padaru modari nobolig, muallimon, murabbiyoni u va shakhsoni digare, ki malumoti zaruri doda metavonand, pursida, hamchunin hujjathoi lozima talab karda, amalhoi digari taftishi va sudi anjom doda shavand.

 

FASLI IV. CHORAHOI MAJBURKUNII MUROFIAVI

BOBI 11. DASTGIR KARDANI SHAHS

 

Moddai 91. Dastgir kardani shakhs

 

  1. Dastgir kardani shakhs, yane ba maqomoti taqibi jinoyati ovardani u va ba muhlati kutoh dar joyhoi makhsus bo tartibi muqarrarkardai qonunguzori va Kodeksi mazkur nigoh doshtan ast.
  2. Dastgir kardani shakhs tanho tatbiq megardad:

– nisbat ba gumonbarshuda dar sodir namudani jinoyate, ki baroi on jazo dar namudi mahrum sokhtan az ozodi yo nigoh doshtan dar qismhoi harbii intizomi peshbini shudaast;

– nisbat ba aybdorshavanda va sudshavandae, ki qoidahoi chorai peshgirii nisbat ba u tatbiqshudaro vayron namudaast;

– nisbat ba mahkumshudae, ki dar haqqi u peshnihodi maqomoti vakolatdor dar borai bekor kardani shartan tatbiq nakardani jazo (moddai 71 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston), shartan pesh az muhlat az adoi jazo ozod kardan (moddai 76 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston), mavquf guzoshtani adoi jazo (moddai 78 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston) mavjud ast.

  1. SHakhs tanho dar holathoi zayl dastgir karda meshavad:

– dar asosi gumoni bevosita dar sodir namudani jinoyat;

– dar asosi qarori maqomoti taqibi jinoyati;

– dar asosi qarori (tainoti) sud, sudya dar borai dastgir kardani mahkumshuda to halli masalai bekor kardani shartan tatbiq nakardani jazo, mavquf guzoshtani adoi jazo yo shartan pesh az muhlat az adoi jazo ozod kardan.

 

Moddai 92. Dastgir kardan dar asosi gumoni bevosita dar sodir namudani jinoyat

 

  1. SHakhsro dar sodir namudani jinoyat ba sharte gumonbarshuda hisobidan mumkin ast, ki az tarafi maqomoti peshburdi taqibi jinoyati dar doirai salohiyati khud hangomi mavjud budani yake az asoshoi zerin dastgir karda shavad, agar:

– dar vaqti sodir kardani jinoyat yo bevosita badi sodir kardani on bozdosht shuda boshad;

– shohidoni hodisa, az on jumla, shakhsi az jinoyat jabrdida bevosita shakhsi sodirnamudai jinoyatro nishon dihand yo bo tartibi peshbininamudai moddai 94 Kodeksi mazkur bozdosht namoyand;

– dar badan, libos, ashyoi hamrohi shakhsbuda, dar chizhoi istifodakarda, manzil, joi kor yo vositai naqliyoti u osori baraloi jinoyat oshkor karda shuda boshand, ki az sharik budani u dar sodir namudani jinoyat darak medihand;

– agar asoshoi digari kofii gumonbar shudani shakhs dar sodir namudani jinoyat mavjud boshand, ba sharte ki vay kushishi az joi hodisa yo az maqomoti taqibi jinoyati pinhon shudanro karda boshad yo joi zisti doimi nadoshta boshad yo dar mahalli digar zindagi kunad‚ yo shakhsiyatash muayyan karda nashuda boshad.

  1. SHakhs mumkin ast bo asoshoi peshbinikardai qismi 1 hamin modda to ogoz kardani parvandai jinoyati dastgir karda shavad. Dar ayni zamon masalai ogoz kardani parvandai jinoyati az tarafi maqomoti taqibi jinoyati boyad dar davomi 12 soat az lahzai dastgir kardan hal karda shavad. Dar surati rad kardan az ogozi parvandai jinoyati yo dar muhlati muqarrarshuda qabul nakardani qaror dar borai ogozi parvandai jinoyati dastgirshuda boyad ozod karda shavad.
  2. SHakhsro bo asoshoi peshbininamudai qismi 1 hamin modda az lahzai bozdosht ziyoda az 72 soat bozdoshtan mumkin nest. Badi guzashtani in muhlat dastgirshuda boyad az habs ozod karda yo dar haqqi u chorai digari peshgirii dar Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda tatbiq karda shavad, ba istisnoi muqarraroti qismi 5 moddai 111 Kodeksi mazkur. Ogozi muhlati dastgirshavii shakhs lahzai voqean dastgir kardani u hisob karda meshavad (QJT az 14.05.2016 s., №1306).

 

Moddai 93. Huquqi shahrvand ba dastgir kardani shakhsi jinoyatsodirkarda

 

Har yak shahrvand huquq dorad shakhsero, ki jinoyat sodir kardaast yo badi sodir kardani jinoyat kushishi pinhon shudanro dorad, dastgir karda, majburan ba maqomoti hokimiyat suporad.

 

Moddai 94. Tartibi dastgir namudani gumonbarshuda

 

  1. Hangomi dastgir namudani shakhsi dar sodir namudani jinoyat gumonbarshuda kormandi vakolatdori maqomoti taqibi jinoyati yo digar shakhsi bosalokhiyat vazifador ast dar joi dastgirkunii voqei ba tavri shifohi ba shakhs elon namoyad, ki baroi sodir namudani kadom jinoyat u dastgir karda shudaast, huquqi uro ba zangi telefoni yo khabar dodan ba advokat yo kheshovandi nazdik, doshtani himoyatgar va dast kashidan az dodani nishondod fahmonida, ogoh namoyad, ki nishondodhoi u metavonand ba sifati dalel dar parvandai jinoyati muqobili u istifoda shavand.
  2. Bad az ba maqomoti taqibi jinoyati ovardani dastgirshuda shakhsi mansabdori maqomoti tahqiq, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish dar davomi se soat protokoli dastgirkuni tartib medihand. Hangomi tartib dodani protokoli mazkur ba gumonbarshuda huquqhoi u, ki bo moddai 46 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini shudaand, fahmonida shuda, dar in bora dar protokoli dastgirkuni sabt karda meshavad. Dar protokoli dastgirkuni malumothoi zerin darj karda meshavand:

– sana, joy va vaqti tartib dodani protokol, raqami tartibii on;

– nasab, nom va nomi padar, vazifa va rutbai kormandoni maqomoti taqibi jinoyati, shakhsoni mansabdor va shakhsoni digar, ki dar anjom dodani amaliyoti dastgirkuni ishtirok kardaand;

– dar surati ishtirok kardani shakhsoni kholis, tarjumon va digar shakhson dar amaliyoti dastgirkuni nasab, nam, nomi padar, suroga va digar malumothoe, ki shakhsiyati onhoro muayyan mekunand;

– asos va vajhhoi dastgir namudan, joy va vaqti dastgirkunii voqei, ba maqomoti taqibi jinoyati ovardani shakhs (bo zikri sana, soatu daqiqa);

– malumot dar borai fahmonidani huquqhoi gumonbarshuda, kholison va shakhsoni digar, ki dar amaliyot ishtirok mekunand;

– natijahoi koftukovi shakhsii dastgirshuda;

– sana va vaqti dastgirkunii shakhs va az joy nigohdorii u khabardor kardani azoi boligi oila yo kheshovandi nazdiki shakhsi dastgirshuda, tarzi khabardorkuni (az jonibi ki va ba kadom vosita khabar rasonida shudaast, agar khabari telefoni boshad, raqami telefon nishon doda meshavad), nasab, nom va nomi padari shakhse, ki az dastgirkuni va joi nigohdorii dastgirshuda khabardor karda shudaast.

  1. Protokoli dastgirkuni ba dastgirshuda elon karda shuda, az jonibi shakhsi mansabdori onro tartibdoda, dastgirshuda, himoyatgari u (agar u ishtirok doshta boshad) va digar shakhson, ki dar amaliyoti mazkur ishtirok kardaand, imzo karda meshavad.
  2. Hangomi joygir kardani gumonbarshuda dar izolyatori (tavqifgohi) nigohdorii muvaqqati baroi muayyan namudani vazi umumii salomati va yo mavjud budani jarohathoi jismoni az jonibi kormandi tib muoinai tibbii u guzaronida meshavad. Gumonbarshuda yo himoyatgari u huquq dorand talab namoyand, ki muoinai tibbiro tabibi mustaqil yo korshinosi sudi – tibbi guzaronad. Hulosai muoinai tibbi ba protokoli dastgirkuni hamroh karda meshavad.
  3. Bad az ba maqomoti taqibi jinoyati ovardani dastgirshuda, fahmonidani huquqhoi u, tartib dodani protokoli dastgirkuni va guzaronidani muoinai tibbi shakhsi dastgirshuda betakhir dar izolyatori (tavqifgohi) nigohdorii muvaqqati joygir karda meshavad.
  4. Dar borai dastgir namudani gumonbarshuda maqomoti tahqiq, tahqiqbaranda yo mufattish uhdadorand dar davomi 12 soat az lahzai dastgirkunii voqeii shakhs ba prokurori dakhldor ba tavri khatti khabar dihand.  (QJT az 14.05.2016 s., №1306)

 

Moddai 95. Dastgir kardani aybdorshavanda baroi elon kardani ayb

 

  1. Agar aybdorshavanda dar digar mahal boshad yo joi buduboshi u malum naboshad, maqomoti taqibi jinoyati huquq dorad dar borai dastgir kardani in shakhs qaror barorad. Qaror boyad az tarafi maqomoti tahqiq ijro karda shavad.
  2. Az ijro shudani qarori dastgirkuni maqomoti taqibi jinoyate, ki qaror barovardaast, favran khabardor karda meshavad.
  3. Dastgirkuni bo asoshoi peshbinikardai qismi 1 hamin modda az 72 soat az lahzai dastgirkunii voqei ziyod idoma yofta nametavonad.
  4. Ba dastgirshuda mumkin ast dar muhlati mazkur ayb elon karda shavad, ba sharte ki to ba okhir rasidani 72 soat az lahzai dastgirkuni vay az habs bo tatbiqi chorai peshgiri, ki bo dar habs nigoh doshtan vobasta nest yo be tatbiqi chorai peshgiri dar haqqi u ozod karda shavad.

 

Moddai 96. Dastgir kardani aybdorshavanda to ba habs giriftani u dar asosi qarori maqomoti peshburdi murofiai jinoyati

 

  1. Agar aybdorshavanda qoidahoi chorai peshgirii dar haqqi u tatbiqshudaro, ki ba nigoh doshtan dar habs vobasta nest yo uhdadorii khattiashro dar bobati hozir shudan bo davati maqomoti peshburdi murofiai jinoyati yo khabar dodan dar borai ivazi joi istiqomat rioya nakunad, maqomoti peshburdi murofiai jinoyati huquq dorad dar borai dastgir kardani in shakhs dar yak vaqt bo tartibi muqarrarkardai Kodeksi mazkur hal namudani masalai tatbiqi chorai peshgiri dar namudi ba habs giriftan qaror (tainot) barorad.
  2. Dastgir kardani aybdorshavanda bo tartibi peshbinikardai qismi 1 hamin modda az 72 soat az lahzai dastgir kardani voqei ziyod buda nametavonad.

 

Moddai 97. Dastgir kardani mahkumshuda to halli masalai bekor kardani shartan tatbiq nakardani jazo  yo shartan pesh az muhlat az adoi jazo ozod kardan yo mavquf guzoshtani adoi jazo

 

  1. Sud, sudya dar borai dastgir kardani mahkumshuda to halli masalai bekor kardani shartan tatbiq nakardani jazo yo shartan pesh az muhlat az adoi jazo ozod kardan yo mavquf guzoshtani adoi jazo qaror (tainot) mebarorad, ba sharte ki az maqomoti vakolatdor peshnihod bo mavode vorid shuda boshad, ki dar onho asoshoi az jonibi mahkumshuda ijro nagardidani uhdadorihoi baroi u az jonibi sud muqarrarshuda yo digar sharthoi dar moddahoi 71, 76 va 78 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbinishuda shahodat dihand.
  2. Sud, sudya dar davomi haft shabonaruz az lahzai dastgirkunii voqei peshnihodi maqomoti vakolatdorro barrasi mekunad.
  3. Sud, sudya qaror (tainot)-ro dar borai dastgirkunii mahkumshuda baroi ijro ba maqomoti tahqiq ravon mekunad. Doir ba ijroi qaror (tainot) dar borai dastgirkuni maqomoti onro ijrokarda favran sudro khabardor mekunad.

 

Moddai 98. Tartibi dar habs nigoh doshtani gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda

 

Tartib va sharoiti dar habs nigoh doshtani gumonbarshuda,  aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston  muayyan karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 99. Ozod kardani dastgirshuda

 

  1. Dastgirshuda dar asosi qarori (tainoti) maqomoti peshburdi murofiai jinoyati dar holathoi zayl boyad ozod karda shavad, agar:

– gumoni az tarafi shakhs sodir shudani jinoyat tasdiq nagardida boshad;

– asoshoi minbad dar habs nigoh doshtan az bayn rafta boshand;

– muqarrar karda shuda boshad, ki dastgirkuni bo rioya nakardani qoidahoi muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur amali shudaast;

– muhlati dastgirkuni guzashta boshad.

  1. Dar holathoi peshbinikardai sarkhati chorumi qismi 1 hamin modda sardori muassisai nigohdorii muvaqqati dastgirshudaro pas az ogoh namudani maqomoti peshburdi murofiai jinoyati, ki aybdorro dastgir kardaast, ozod menamoyad.
  2. Maqomoti peshburdi murofiai jinoyati, ki dar borai ozod kardani dastgirshuda qaror qabul kardaast, ba u malumotnomae medihad, ki dar on az tarafi ki dastgir shudan, asos, joy va vaqti dastgirkuni, asos, sabab va vaqti ozodshavi nishon doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 100. Habar dodan dar borai dastgirkuni

 

  1. Maqomoti peshburdi murofiai sudii jinoyatie, ki shakhsro dastgir kardaast, vazifador ast betakhir az lahzai dastgirkunii voqei dar borai dastgirkuni va joi nigoh doshtani dastgirshuda yo ivazkunii joi nigohdorii dastgirshuda yagon azoi boligi oila yo kheshovandoni nazdikro khabardor kunad yo ba khudi dastgirshuda imkoniyati chunin khabardor kardanro dihad (QJT az 14.05.2016 s., №1306).
  2. Maqomoti peshburdi murofiai sudii jinoyatie, ki shahrvandi davlati khorijiro dastgir kardaast, dar muhlati peshbininamudai qismi 1 hamin modda dar borai dastgirkuni ba Vazorati korhoi khorijii Jumhurii Tojikiston baroi ogoh namudani saforatkhona yo konsulgarii in davlat khabar medihad.

 

BOBI 12. CHORAHOI PESHGIRI

 

Moddai 101. CHorahoi peshgiri

 

  1. CHorahoi peshgiri amalhoi majburie meboshand, ki dar haqqi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda baroi peshgirii az tarafi onho sodir shudani jinoyat yo harakathoi khalaldorkunandai peshburdi parvandai jinoyati, inchunin baroi tamini ijroi hukm tatbiq karda meshavand.
  2. CHorahoi peshgiri inhoyand:

– zabonkhat dar borai naraftan az mahalli istiqomat;

– kafolati shakhsi;

– suporidani khizmatchii harbi tahti nazorati farmondehii qismi harbi;

– tahti parastori suporidani nobolig;

– garav;

– habsi khonagi;

– ba habs giriftan.

 

Moddai 102. Asoshoi tatbiqi chorahoi peshgiri

 

  1. Maqomoti peshburdi murofiai jinoyati tanho dar holate chorai peshgiriro tatbiq karda metavonand, agar:

– dalelhoi az rui parvandai jinoyati jam ovardashuda asosi kofi dihand, ki gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda metavonand az maqomoti taqibi jinoyati va sud pinhon shavand;

– gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda ba taftishi peshakii parvandai jinoyati yo barrasii on az tarafi sud mamoniat kunand, az jumla mavodi baroi parvanda ahamiyatdoshtaro pinhon yo sokhtakori kunand yo bo rohi gayriqonuni ba shakhsoni dar murofiai jinoyati ishtirokkunanda tasir rasonand, be sababhoi uzrnok bo davati maqomoti peshburdi murofiai jinoyati hozir nashavand, jinoyati digarro sodir namoyand, ba ijroi hukm mone shavand.

  1. Hangomi zarurati tatbiqi chorai peshgiri dar haqqi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda khususiyati gumonbarkuni yo aybdorkuni, shakhsiyat, sinnu sol va vazi salomatii onho, namudi mashguliyat, vazi oilavi va molumulki, mavjudiyati joi doimii istiqomat va holathoi digar ba inobat girifta meshavand.

 

Moddai 103. Tatbiq va muhlati amali chorai peshgiri dar haqqi gumonbarshuda

 

Dar surati mavjud budani asosho va bo darnazardoshti holathoi dar moddahoi 101 va 102 Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda mumkin ast dar haqqi gumonbarshuda chorai peshgiri tatbiq karda shavad. Agar dar in holat gumonbarshuda dastgir gardida va sipas nisbat ba u chorai peshgiri dar namudi habs tatbiq shuda boshad, ba u boyad aybdorkuni dar muhlati na dertar az dah shabonaruz az lahzai tatbiqi chorai peshgiri, dar hamon muhlat az lahzai dastgirkunii voqei elon karda shavad. Agar dar hamin muhlat ayb elon karda nashavad, maqomoti peshburdi murofiai jinoyati boyad chorai peshgiriro favran bekor namoyad.

 

Moddai 104. Tartibi tatbiq namudan, tagyir dodan va yo bekor kardani chorai peshgiri

 

  1. Dar borai tatbiq namudan, tagyir dodan va yo bekor kardani chorai peshgiri tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sudya qaror va sud tainot mebarorand, ki dar onho zarurati tatbiqi chorai peshgiri, tagyir dodan va yo bekor kardani on nishon doda meshavad.
  2. Habs kardan va ba habsi khonagi giriftan hamchun chorai peshgiri bo qarori sudya yo tainoti sud tatbiq karda meshavad.
  3. Maqomoti peshburdi murofiai jinoyati ba gumonbarshuda va aybdorshavanda qaror yo tainoti tatbiq namudan, tagyir dodan yo in ki bekor namudani chorai peshgiriro elon mekunad, tartibi shikoyat namudanro fahmonida, nuskhai qaror yo tainotro ba u mesuporad. Ijroi amalhoi mazkur bo imzoi gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavanda va shakhsi mansabdore, ki qaror yo tainoti tatbiqi chorai peshgiriro elon namudaast, tasdiq karda meshavad.
  4. Agar holathoi parvandai jinoyati talab namoyand, chorahoi peshgiri bekor karda yo tagyir doda meshavand. Bekor kardan va tagyir dodani chorahoi peshgiri dar namudi habsi khonagi va ba habs giriftan dar davrai tosudii parvandai jinoyati az tarafi mufattish yo tahqiqbaranda bo rozigii prokuror amali karda meshavad (QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1333).

 

Moddai 105. Zabonkhat dar borai tark nakardani mahalli istiqomat

 

  1. Zabonkhat dar borai tark nakardani mahalli istiqomat dar giriftani uhdadorii khatti az gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda dar borai tark nakardani mahalli istiqomati doimi yo muvaqqati be ijozati maqomoti taqibi jinoyati yo sud, sudya, mone nashudan ba taftishi parvandai jinoyati va barrasii on dar sud, dar vaqti tainshuda hozir shudan bo davati maqomoti peshburdi murofiai jinoyati ifoda meyobad.
  2. Dar surati az jonibi gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda rioya nakardani talaboti zabonkhat dar haqqi u chorai sakhttari peshgiri tatbiq karda meshavad, ki in talabot hangomi giriftani zabonkhat boyad ba u elon karda shavad.

 

Moddai 106. Kafolati shakhsi

 

  1. Kafolati shakhsi az tarafi shakhsi ba bovari sazovor qabul kardani uhdadorii khatti ast, ki gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda hangomi dar ozodi budan az maqomoti taqibi jinoyati va sud pinhon nameshavad, ba taftishi parvanda yo barrasii sudii on mone namegardad va bo faoliyati jinoyati mashgul nameshavad. SHumorai kafilon boyad az du nafar kam naboshad.
  2. Kafolati shakhsi bo darkhosti khattii kafilon va rizoi shakhse, ki ba u kafolat doda meshavad, tatbiq megardad.
  3. Kafilon zabonkhat doda, tasdiq mekunand, ki mohiyati gumonbar yo aybdor kardani shakhse, ki ba vay kafolat medihand va masuliyati kafil ba onho fahmonda shudaast.
  4. Dar surati az jonibi kafil ijro nakardani uhdadorihoyash u mutobiqi moddai 117 Kodeksi mazkur ba javobgari kashida meshavad.

 

Moddai 107. Tahti nazorati farmondehii qismi harbi suporidani khizmatchii harbi

 

  1. Tahti nazorati farmondehii qismi harbi suporidani khizmatchii harbi manoi ba zimmai farmondehii qismi harbi, qushun, sardori muassisai harbi, ki gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda dar on adoi khizmat mekunand yo baroi talimi harbi jam omadaand, guzoshtani vazifai tamini raftori matlubi onhoro dorad.
  2. Nuskhai qaror yo tainoti tatbiqi chorai peshgirii mazkur ba hayati farmondehi, ki gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda tahti nazorati on suporida shudaast, doda meshavad. Farmondehii qismi harbi dar borai muqarrar namudani nazorat maqomotero, ki in chorai peshgiriro tatbiq namudaast, ogoh mesozad.
  3. Hayati farmondehi baroi ijroi uhdadorihoyash oid ba nazorat kardani gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavandai ba u tobe huquq dorad chorahoi dakhldori peshbininamudai Oinnomai intizomii Quvvahoi Musallahi Jumhurii Tojikistonro andeshad, ki metavonand raftori dakhldori in shakhson va hozir shudani onhoro bo davati maqomoti peshburdi murofiai jinoyati tamin kunand.
  4. Dar surati az jonibi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda sodir namudani amale, ki jihati peshgirii on hamin chorai peshgiri andeshida shuda bud, farmondehii qismi harbi boyad favran dar in bora ba maqomote, ki chunin choraro tatbiq kardaast, khabar dihad.

 

Moddai 108. Tahti parastori suporidani noboligi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda

 

  1. Tahti parastorii padaru modar, parastoron, vasiyon yo digar shakhsoni sazovori etimod, inchunin namoyandagoni muassisahoi makhsusi kudakon dodani noboligon az on iborat ast, ki yake az shakhsoni nombarshuda ba zimmai khud uhdadorii khatti megirad, ki noboligi dar ozodi budai gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda az maqomoti peshburdi taqibi jinoyati va sud pinhon nameshavad, ba taftishi parvanda va barrasii sudii on mone namegardad va bo faoliyati jinoyatkori mashgul nameshavad.
  2. Supurdani nobolig tahti parastorii shakhsoni dar qismi 1 hamin modda peshbinishuda bo darkhosti khattii onho imkonpazir ast. Dar ayni zamon onho doir ba khususiyati jinoyat va javobgariashon dar surati rioya nakardani uhdadorihoi parastori ogoh karda meshavand.
  3. SHakhsone, ki noboligi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda tahti parastoriashon suporida shudaast, dar surati az jonibi onho rioya nakardani uhdadori mutobiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

 

Moddai 109. Garav

 

  1. Garav az suporidani mablag ba depoziti maqomoti taftishot yo sudi az tarafi khudi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda yo digar shakhsoni voqei va huquqi baroi tamini hozir shudani gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda bo davati maqomoti taqibi jinoyati va sud iborat ast. Mablagi garavro maqomoti peshburdi murofiai jinoyati va sude, ki in chorai peshgiriro tatbiq mekunad, vobasta ba vazninii jinoyat, shakhsiyati gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda, vazi molumulkii garavguzor, vale na kamtar az shashsad nishondihanda baroi hisobho muayyan menamoyad. Garav ba sharte tatbiq karda meshavad, ki tovoni zarari moddii bo jinoyat rasonidashuda purra bargardonida shuda boshad. Garav nisbat ba shakhsoni dar sodir namudani jinoyathoi makhsusan vaznin gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshuda tatbiq namegardad. (QJT az 03.07.12s., №864)
  2. Tahqiqbaranda va mufattish garavro bo rizoi prokuror tatbiq mekunand.
  3. Ba garavguzor, agar u gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavanda naboshad, mohiyati gumonbari yo aybdorkunii shakhsi nisbatash in chorai peshgiri tatbiqshavanda fahmonida, bo imzoi shakhsi nisbatash in chorai peshgiri tatbiqshavanda, garavguzor va shakhsi mansabdori in chorai peshgiriro tatbiqnamuda tasdiq karda meshavad. Nuskhai qaror, tainot baroi suporidani garav ba garavguzor doda meshavad.
  4. Dar surati sarkashi namudani gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda az hozir shudan bo davati maqomoti taqibi jinoyati va sud chorai peshgiri ivaz karda, mablagi garav tibqi talaboti moddai 118 Kodeksi mazkur dar asosi qarori sud ba foidai davlat guzaronida meshavad.
  5. Dar digar holatho sud zimni hukm yo tainot (qaror) barovardan dar borai qat kardani peshburdi parvandai jinoyati masalai ba garavdeh bargardonidani mablagi garavro hal menamoyad. Hangomi qat kardani peshburdi parvandai jinoyati dar davrai taftishi peshaki mablagi garav ba garavdeh bo qarori tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror yo muovini u bargardonida meshavad.

 

Moddai 110. Habsi khonagi

 

  1. Habsi khonagi az komilan judo nigoh doshtani gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda va sudshavanda az jamiyat be tahti habs qaror dodan, vale bo tatbiqi mahdudiyathoi huquqii muayyankardai sud, sudya iborat ast.
  2. Habsi khonagiro metavon bo chorahoi zerin dar alohidagi va dar yakjoyagi tatbiq kard:

– tamoman yo dar vaqti muayyan nabaromadan az manzil;

– mani guftugui telefoni, mukotibot va istifodai vositahoi aloqa, ba istisnoi holathoi dar sarkhati panjumi hamin qism peshbinishuda;

– mani robita bo shakhsoni muayyan va dar khonai khud qabul kardani yagon shakhs;

– istifodai vositahoi elektronii nazorati, voguzorii uhdadori doir ba girifta gashtani in vositaho bo khud va kori onhoro tamin namudan;

– uhdador kardan dar khususi javob dodan ba zanghoi nazorati telefoni yo digar ishorahoi (signalhoi) nazorati, zang zadan bo telefon yo shakhsan hozir shudan dar vaqti muayyan ba maqomoti tahqiq yo digar maqomoti nazoratkunandai raftori gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda;

– ba zeri nazorat giriftani gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda yo in ki manzil, inchunin muhofizati manzil yo digar joi ba u chun manzil judo kardashuda;

– chorahoi digar, ki raftori dakhldor va az jamiyat judo nigoh doshtani gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavandaro tamin menamoyand.

  1. Asosho va tartibi hamchun chorai peshgiri tatbiq kardani habsi khonagi, muqarrar namudan va daroz kardani muhlati on, bekor kardani habsi khonagi bo meyorhoi dakhldori marbut ba chorai peshgiri dar namudi ba habs giriftan tanzim megardand.
  2. Dar qarori sudya va tainoti sud dar borai ba habsi khonagi giriftan mahdudiyathoi mushakhkhase, ki dar haqqi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda tatbiq megardand, inchunin maqomot yo shakhsi mansabdore nishon doda meshavad, ki chunin nazoratro anjom medihad.

 

Moddai 111. Ba habs giriftan

 

  1. Ba habs giriftan ba sifati chorai peshgiri bo qarori sudya yo tainoti sud tanho dar haqqi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavandae tatbiq karda meshavad, ki baroi jinoyati sodirkardaashon qonuni jinoyati jazoro dar namudi mahrum kardan az ozodi ba muhlati ziyoda az du sol peshbini namudaast. Nisbat ba gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda dar sodir namudani jinoyati vaznin yo makhsusan vaznin chorai peshgirii ba habs giriftan tanho mutobiqi vazninii jinoyat tatbiq karda shudanash mumkin ast. Dar mavridhoi istisno in chorai peshgiri, mumkin ast, nisbat ba gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda oid ba jinoyathoe, ki baroyashon qonun jazoi mahrum kardan az ozodiro ba muhlati kamtar az du sol peshbini namudaast, tatbiq karda meshavad, ba sharte ki onho dar Jumhurii Tojikiston joi istiqomati doimi nadoshta boshand yo shakhsiyatashon muqarrar karda nashuda boshad yo in ki onho az maqomoti taqibi jinoyati yo sud pinhon shuda boshand yo chorai peshgiriro rioya nakarda boshand.
  2. Hangomi zarurati intikhobi chorai peshgiri dar namudi ba habs giriftan prokuror, mufattish va tahqiqbaranda bo rizoi prokuror darkhosti dakhldorro dar shakli qaror ba sud peshnihod menamoyand. Dar qaror dar borai peshnihod kardani darkhost oid ba intikhobi chorai peshgiri dar namudi ba habs giriftan asos va sababhoe, ki az rui on zarurati ba habs giriftani gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda ba miyon omadaast va intikhobi digar chorai peshgiri gayriimkon ast, darj karda meshavad. Ba qaror mavode, ki asosnok budani darkhostro tasdiq menamoyad, hamroh karda meshavad. Agar darkhost nisbat ba gumonbarshuda, ki bo tartibi muqarrarkardai moddahoi 92 va 94 Kodeksi mazkur dastgir shudaast, ogoz karda shavad, qaror va mavodi nomburda ba sudya na dertar az 8 soat to ba okhir rasidani muhlati dastgirkuni boyad peshnihod karda shavad.
  3. Qarori ogoz kardani darkhost dar borai intikhob kardani chorai peshgiri dar namudi ba habs giriftan az jonibi sudyai sudi shahr va nohiya yo in ki sudi harbii garnizon bo ishtiroki gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, prokuror, himoyatgar, ba sharte ki himoyatgar dar parvandai jinoyati ishtirok namoyad, az rui mahalli peshburdi taftishi peshaki yo in ki az rui mahalli dastgirshavii gumonbarshuda dar muddati 8 soat az lahzai ba sud vorid shudani mavod barrasi karda meshavad. Gumonbarshudae, ki bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai moddahoi 92 va 94 Kodeksi mazkur dastgir shudaast, ba majlisi sud ovarda meshavad. Dar majlisi sud inchunin namoyandai qonunii gumonbarshuda va aybdorshavandai nobolig, mufattish, tahqiqbaranda huquqi ishtirok kardan dorand. Be sababhoi uzrnok hozir nashudani tarafho, ki az vaqti guzaronidani majlisi sud sari vaqt ogohonida shudaand, baroi barrasii darkhost mone shuda nametavonad, ba istisnoi holathoi hozir nashudani gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavanda.
  4. Dar ogozi majlis sudya elon mekunad, ki kadom darkhost mavridi barrasi qaror megirad, ba shakhsoni ba majlisi sud hozirshuda huquq va uhdadorihoyashonro mefahmonad. Pas az on prokuror yo bo suporishi u shakhsi darkhostro ogozkarda onro asosnok mekunad, sipas bayonoti shakhsoni digari dar majlisi sud huzurdoshta shunida meshavad. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)
  5. Sudya darkhostro barrasi karda, yake az qarorhoi zerinro mebarorad:

– dar borai ba sifati chorai peshgiri dar namudi ba habs, habsi khonagi giriftani gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavanda ijozat medihad; (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)

– dar borai rad kardani darkhost;

– dar borai ba takhir guzoshtani qabuli qarori darkhost ba muhlati na ziyoda az 72 soat baroi peshnihodi dalelhoi asosnoki dastgirkuni. Dar in mavrid sudya dar qaror muqarrar menamoyad, ki muhlati dastgirkuniro to chand  ruzu soat daroz mekunad.

  1. Qarori sud, sudya ba shakhsi darkhostro peshnihodkarda, prokuror, gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavanda ravon karda meshavad va boyad favran ijro gardad.
  2. Dar khususi ba habs giriftani hamon yak shakhs az rui hamon yak parvandai jinoyati pas az barovardani qarori sud dar borai rad kardani intikhobi in chorai peshgiri tanho hangomi paydo shudani holathoi nav, ki zarurati tatbiqi ba habs giriftani shakhsro ba miyon meovarand, takroran ba sud bo darkhost murojiat kardan mumkin ast.
  3. Agar masalai ba habs giriftani sudshavanda dar murofiai sudi paydo shavad, dar in mavrid sudya yo sud bo darkhosti tarafho yo in ki bo tashabbusi khud in masalaro hal namuda, dar in bora qaror yo tainot mebarorad.
  4. Az qarori sudya dar borai ba sifati chorai peshgiri ba habs giriftan yo in ki rad kardani on ba sudi boloi bo tartibi kassatsioni dar muddati 3 shabonaruz az ruzi barovardani qaror shikoyat va etiroz kardan mumkin ast. Sude, ki chunin qarorro qabul kardaast, boyad na dertar az ruzi digari ba okhir rasidani in muhlat shikoyat yo etirozro yakjoya bo mavod ba sudi marhilai kassatsioni irsol namoyad. Sudi marhilai kassatsioni az rui shikoyat va yo etiroz dar muddati na dertar az 3 shabonaruz az lahzai voridshavii mavod qaror qabul mekunad. (QJT az 16.04.12s., №809)
  5. SHakhse, ki dar peshburdi u parvandai jinoyati qaror dorad, vazifador ast, ki baroi tatbiqi chorai peshgiri dar namudi ba habs giriftan ba shakhsoni dar moddai 100 Kodeksi mazkur nishondodashuda, dar khususi khizmatchiyoni harbi boshad, ba farmondehi qismi harbi khabar dihad.

 

Moddai 112. Muhlati nigoh doshtan dar habs va tartibi daroz kardani on

 

  1. CHorai peshgiri dar namudi ba habs giriftan hangomi taftishi peshakii parvandai jinoyati naboyad az du moh ziyod boshad.
  2. Muhlati dar habs nigoh doshtan az vaqti ba habs giriftani gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda to ruzi az tarafi prokuror ba sud firistodani parvanda hisob karda meshavad. Ba in muhlat vaqti nigoh doshtani shakhs dar joyhoi mahrumi az ozodi (tavqifgohi nigohdorii muvaqqati va digar joyhoi nigohdorii mahbuson dar maqomoti korhoi dokhili va digar maqomoti peshburdi tosudi), inchunin muhlati ba tavri majburi dar bemorkhona yo tabobatgohi ravonpizishki budan ba hisob girifta meshavad.
  3. Daroz kardani muhlati dar habs nigoh doshtani aybdorshavanda dar vaqti taftishi peshaki to shash moh az jonibi sudyai sudi nohiya va shahr yo sudi harbii garnizon bo tartibi muqarrarkardai qismhoi 2 va3 moddai 111 Kodeksi mazkur tanho dar surati gayriimkon budani anjom dodani taftish dar muhlati 2 moh va dar surati nabudani asos baroi nisbat ba aybdorshavanda tatbiq namudani chorai digari peshgiri mumkin ast. Minbad daroz kardani muhlati dar habs nigoh doshtan ba muhlati ziyoda az shash moh tanho dar haqqi shakhsoni dar sodir namudani jinoyathoi vaznin yo makhsusan vaznin aybdorshavanda, inchunin dar haqqi shakhsoni dar hudud Jumhurii Tojikiston jinoyat sodirnamudae, ki dar Jumhurii Tojikiston joi zisti doimi nadorand, mumkin ast, ba sharte ki baroi gumon kardan asoshoi kofi boshand, ki onho az taftish va sud berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston pinhon meshavand. Dar in surat daroz kardani muhlati dar habs nigoh doshtanro sudyai hamon sud dar asosi darkhosti mufattish bo rizoi prokurori Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, prokurori viloyat, naqliyoti Tojikiston, shahri Dushanbe va prokurorhoi ba onho barobarkardashuda, baroi nohiyahoi tobei jumhuri bo rizoi muovini Prokurori generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston, Sarprokurori harbii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshnihodkarda ba muhlati to 12 moh amali menamoyad. (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)
  4. Muhlati ziyoda az 12 moh dar habs nigoh doshtan tanho dar holathoi istisnoi, nisbat ba shakhsone, ki dar sodir namudani jinoyathoi makhsusan vaznin aybdor karda meshavand, az jonibi sudyahoi sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, sudhoi viloyat, shahri Dushanbe va kollegiyai harbii Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar asosi darkhosti mufattish, ki bo rizoi Prokurori generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston va muovinoni u peshnihod gardidaast, ba muhlati to 18 moh daroz namudan mumkin ast. Muhlati dar habs nigoh doshtan dar nohiyahoi tobei jumhuri az jonibi sudyai Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston daroz karda meshavad.
  5. Minbad ba daroz kardani muhlati dar habs nigoh doshtan roh doda nameshavad va aybdorshavanda boyad favran ozod karda shavad, ba istisnoi holathoi dar qismi 8 hamin modda peshbinishuda.
  6. Mavodi taftishi anjomyoftai parvandai jinoyati baroi shinosshavi ba aybdorshavanda va himoyatgari u boyad dar muhlati na dertar az 30 shabonaruz to anjomi muhlati muayyanshudai dar habs nigoh doshtan, ki qismhoi 3 va 4 hamin modda muayyan kardaand, peshnihod gardad.
  7. Agar bad az anjom yoftani taftishi peshaki mavodi parvandai jinoyati ba aybdorshavanda va himoyatgari u dar muddati kamtar az 30 shabonaruz to anjomi muhlati nihoii dar habs nigoh doshtan peshnihod shuda boshad, on goh pas az guzashtani in muhlat aybdorshavanda hatman ozod karda meshavad. Dar in mavrid aybdorshavanda va himoyatgari u huquq dorand minbad bo mavodi parvandai jinoyaty shinos shavand. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)
  8. Agar bad az anjom yoftani taftishi peshaki muhlati peshbinikardai qismi 6 hamin modda oid ba peshnihodi mavodi parvandai jinoyatii mazkur ba aybdorshavanda va himoyatgari u rioya shuda boshadu lekin 30 shabonaruz baroi shinosshavi bo mavodi parvandai jinoyati kami kunad, mufattish huquq dorad na dertar az 5 ruzi to anjom yoftani muhlati nihoii dar habs nigoh doshtan bo rizoi prokurorhoi dar qismhoi 3 va 4 hamin modda peshbinishuda muvofiqan ba sudhoi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, shahri Dushanbe, viloyati, Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai daroz kardani muhlati dar habs nigoh doshtan darkhost peshnihod namoyad.
  9. Sudyai sudi dakhldor dar davomi 5 shabonaruzi badi qabul kardani darkhost boyad yake az qarorhoi zerinro qabul namoyad:

– dar borai daroz kardani muhlati dar habs nigoh doshtan to lahzai anjom dodani shinosshavii aybdorshavanda va himoyatgari u bo mavodi parvandai jinoyati va az jonibi prokuror ba sud firistonidani parvandai jinoyati, ba istisnoi holati dar qismi 7 hamin modda peshbinishuda;

– dar borai rad kardani darkhost va az habs ozod kardani aybdorshavanda.

  1. Ba muhlati dar habs nigoh doshtan hamchunin muhlathoi zerin hisob karda meshavand:

–  muddati dastgir shudani shakhs ba sifati gumonbarshuda;

– muddati dar habsi khonagi budan;

– muddati dar habs budani shakhs dar hududi davlati khorija az rui talaboti rasonidani kumaki huquqi yo in ki mutobiqi talaboti moddai 481 Kodeksi mazkur ba Jumhurii Tojikiston dodani u;

– muddati dar asosi qarori sud ba tavri majburi dar bemorkhona yo tabobatgohi ravonpizishki budan.

  1. Dar surati takroran tatbiq namudani chorai peshgiri dar namudi ba habs giriftan dar haqqi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda dar rafti taftishi peshakii hamon yak parvanda, inchunin parvandai jinoyatii ba on hamroh yo az on judo kardashuda muhlati dar habs nigoh doshtan bo ba hisob giriftani muhlati peshtar tahti habs qaror doshtanashon hisob karda meshavad.
  2. Hangomi ba taftishi ilovagi bargardonidani parvandai jinoyatie, ki muhlati bo qismi 1 hamin modda peshbinishudai dar habs nigoh doshtani aybdorshavanda ba okhir rasidaastu az rui holathoi kor boshad, chorai peshgiriro dar namudi ba habs giriftan tagyir dodan mumkin nest, muhlati dar habs nigoh doshtan bo tartibi muqarrarkardai qismhoi 3 va 4 hamin modda daroz karda meshavad. Dar in mavrid muhlati dar sud budani parvandai jinoyati ba inobat girifta nameshavad.

 

BOBI 13. CHORAHOI DIGARI MAJBURII MUROFIAVI

 

Moddai 113. Asosho baroi tatbiqi chorahoi digari majburii  murofiavi

 

  1. Bo maqsadi tamini tartibi bo Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishudai taftish va murofiai sudi oid ba parvandahoi jinoyati, ijroi dakhldori hukm tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror yo sud, sudya dar doirai salohiyati khud huquq dorand dar haqqi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda chorahoi digari zerini majburii murofiaviro tatbiq namoyand:

– muvaqqatan dur kardan az vazifa;

– majburan ovardan;

– jarima tain kardan;

– habsi molu mulk, az jumla mablagi amonatho, surathisobhoi bonki.

  1. Dar holathoi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror yo sud, sudya dar doirai salohiyatashon huquq dorand dar haqqi jabrdida va digar ishtirokchiyoni murofia chorahoi majburii murofiavii zaylro tatbiq namoyand:

– majburan ovardan;

– tain kardani jarima.

 

Moddai 114. Muvaqqatan dur kardan az vazifa

 

  1. Muvaqqatan dur kardan az vazifa az on iborat ast, ki ba aybdorshavanda ijro namudani vakolat yo mashgul shudan ba faoliyate, ki u peshtar anjom medod, man karda meshavad.
  2. Maqomoti peshburdi murofiai jinoyati bo rizoi prokuror baroi muvaqqatan az vazifa dur kardani aybdorshavanda ba sud darkhost peshnihod menamoyad. In darkhost az jonibi sudya bo tartibi peshbininamudai qismhoi 2-10 moddai 111 Kodeksi mazkur barrasi karda meshavad.
  3. Qarori muvaqqatan az vazifa dur kardani aybdorshavanda ba rohbari joi korash ravon karda meshavad va u vazifador ast dar muhlati se shabonaruz badi giriftani qaror onro ijro karda, dar in bora ba shakhsi mansabdori maqomoti peshburdi taqibi jinoyati va sud, ki qarori dur kardanro az vazifa qabul kardaast, ogoh kunad.
  4. Aybdorshavandai az vazifa durkardashuda huquq dorad bo kumakpulii harmohai davlati dar hajmi na kamtar az az du nishondihanda baroi hisobho tamin karda shavad, ba sharte ki u dar natijai holathoi ba u novobasta ba kori digar guzashta natavonad. (QJT az 3.07.12s., №864)

 

Moddai 115. Majburan ovardan

 

  1. Dar surati be sababhoi uzrnok ba davat hozir nashudani gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda, inchunin shohid va jabrdida bo qarori asosnoki tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror yo sudya va yo bo tainoti sud onho az jonibi maqomoti korhoi dokhili majburan ovarda meshavand. Sababhoi uzrnoki hozir nashudan ba davat holathoi dar qismi 2 moddai 224 Kodeksi mazkur nishondodashuda etirof meshavand. Dar borai mavjud budani sababhoi uzrnok, ki ba hozir shudan dar muhlati muayyanshuda tibqi davat monea shuda metavonand, gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda, inchunin shohid va jabrdida boyad maqomoti davatnamudaro ogoh kunad.
  2. Qaror (tainot)-i majburan ovardan ba gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda, inchunin shohid va jabrdida qabl az ijroi on elon karda, in holat bo imzoi onho dar qaror tasdiq karda meshavad.
  3. Majburan ovardan hangomi shab ba istisnoi holathoi takhirnopazir ijozat doda nameshavad.
  4. Majburan ovardani noboligi to 14 – sola, zani homila, inchunin bemore, ki bo vazi salomati nametavonand yo naboyad mahalli buduboshi khudro tark namoyand va in holat az jonibi dukhturi muassisai tibbi tasdiq gardidaast, ijozat doda nameshavad.

 

Moddai 116. Habsi molu mulk

 

  1. Habsi molu mulk chorai majburii murofiavi buda, az nomnavisi molu mulk va ba molik yo sohibi on man kardani ikhtiyordori va dar holathoi zaruri istifoda burdani in molu mulk iborat ast.
  2. Habsi molu mulk baroi tamini davoi grajdani yo ehtimoli musodirai molu mulk tatbiq karda meshavad. Maqomoti peshburdi parvandai jinoyati bo rizoi prokuror dar borai habsi molu mulki gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo shakhsone, ki muvofiqi qonun baroi kirdorashon az jihati moddi javobgarand, ba sud darkhost menamoyad. Sudya dar borai habsi molu mulk qaror mebarorad.
  3. Habsi molu mulk az on iborat ast, ki ba molik yo sohibi on mani ikhtiyordori va dar holathoi zaruri mani istifodai in molu mulk elon karda yo sitonida, baroi nigohdosht suporida meshavad.
  4. Habsi molu mulk va tartib dodani protokol tibqi qoidahoi moddahoi 172 va 173 Kodeksi mazkur surat megirad.
  5. Habsi molu mulke, ki mutobiqi zamimai Kodeksi ijroi jazoi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston ashyoi zarurati avval ba hisob meravad, mumkin nest.
  6. Habsi molu mulk bo ishtiroki shakhsoni kholis va dar holathoi zaruri bo ishtiroki mutakhassise, ki arzishi onro muayyan menamoyad, surat megirad.
  7. Molu mulki ba habs giriftaro sitonidan yo bo salohiyati shakhse, ki onro bozdosht kardaast, baroi nigohdosht ba namoyandai maqomoti khudidorakunii mahalli, tashkiloti istifodai manzil, moliki in molu mulk yo ba digar shakhse, ki baroi tamini nigohdoshti on mutasaddi shudaast, suporidan mumkin ast, ki dar in bora zabonkhat girifta meshavad.
  8. Habsi mablagi amonatho, surathisobhoi bonki, kogazhoi qimatnok hama guna amaliyoti dodugiriftro qat mekunad.
  9. Habsi molu mulk bo qarori tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, tainoti sud, sudyae, ki parvanda tahti peshburdi onho qaror dorad, bekor karda meshavad, ba sharte ki zarurat ba in chora az bayn ravad.

 

Moddai 117. Jarima

 

Baroi ijro nakardani uhdadorihoi murofiavi, rioya nakardani tartibot dar majlisi sud ba ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudii jinoyati bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai moddai 118 Kodeksi mazkur ba miqdori to dah nishondihanda baroi hisobho jarima tain karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 118. Tartibi taini jarima va ba foidai davlat guzaronidani mablagi garav

 

  1. Jarima dar holathoi peshbininamudai moddai 117 Kodeksi mazkur az jonibi sud tain karda meshavad.
  2. Agar uhdadorihoi murofiavi ijro nashuda, dar majlisi sud tartibot rioya nashuda boshad, qarori jarima tain kardani sud, sudyae, ki parvandaro barrasi mekunad, dar hamon majlisi sud qabul karda, dar in bora tainot (qaror) barovarda meshavad.
  3. Agar huquqvayronkunihoi dar moddai 117 Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda dar davrai tosudii peshburdi murofiai sudii jinoyati sodir shuda boshand, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish yo prokuror dar in khusus protokol tartib doda, onro ba sud irsol mekunad. Protokol az jonibi sudya dar davomi panj shabonaruz bo davati shakhsi protokolro tartibdoda va shakhse, ki dar borai u protokol tartib doda shudaast, barrasi karda meshavad. Hozir nashudani huquqvayronkunanda baroi barrasii on mone shuda nametavonad.
  4. Oid ba barrasii protokol sudya dar borai tain kardan yo nakardani jarima qaror mebarorad. Nuskhai qaror ba shakhsi protokolro tartibdoda va shakhse, ki nisbatash jarima tain karda shudaast, firistoda meshavad.
  5. Masalai ba foidai davlat guzaronidani mablagi garav dar holathoi peshbininamudai qismi 4 moddai 109 Kodeksi mazkur az jonibi sud, sudya dar majlisi sud bo barovardani tainot (qaror) hallu fasl meshavad.

 

BOBI 14. SHIKOYAT AZ AMAL VA QARORI SUD

 

Moddai 119. SHikoyat

 

  1. Az amal (beamali) va qarorhoi tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror yo sud, sudya ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudii jinoyati va digar shakhsone, ki manfiati onho khalaldor shudaast, ba maqomoti davlati yo shakhsi mansabdore, ki baroi peshburdi parvandai jinoyati masuland, shikoyat mekunand.
  2. SHikoyat shifohi va khatti shuda metavonad. SHikoyati shifohi dar protokol inikos meyobad, ki ba on shikoyatkunanda va shakhsi mansabdori shikoyatro qabulkarda imzo meguzorand.
  3. SHikoyati shifohii shahrvand, ki hangomi uro qabul kardani shakhsi mansabdori dakhldor arz shudaast, bo asoshoi umumi dar qatori shikoyathoi dar shakli khatti peshnihodgardida hal karda meshavad. Ba shikoyat mavodi ilovagiro zamima kardan mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 120. Muhlati peshnihodi shikoyat

 

  1. Az amal (beamali) va qarori tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror, sud, sudya dar tamomi davrai peshburdi tahqiq, taftishi peshaki va muhokimai sudi shikoyat kardan mumkin ast.
  2. SHikoyat az qarori rad kardani ogozi parvandai jinoyati va qat kardani parvandai jinoyati, hukm va tainote, ki sudhoi marhilai yakum barovardaand, dar muhlati muayyankardai Kodeksi mazkur ovarda meshavad.

 

Moddai 121. Bozdoshtani ijroi qaror vobasta ba shikoyat

 

SHikoyat bo tartibi muqarrarkardai Kodeksi mazkur ijroi qarorero, ki az on shikoyat ovarda shudaast, boznamedorad, ba sharte ki dar Kodeksi mazkur tartibi digar peshbini nashuda boshad.

 

Moddai 122. Tartibi umumii barrasii shikoyat

 

  1. Barrasii shikoyatro ba zimmai prokuror va sudyae, ki az amali onho shikoyat kardaand va inchunin ba zimmai shakhsi mansabdore, ki qarori az on shikoyatshudaro tasdiq namudaast, voguzoshtan man ast.
  2. Prokuror yo sudya dar jarayoni barrasii shikoyat vazifadorand, ki vajhhoi dar on ovardashudaro hamajoniba sanjad, hangomi zarurat mavodi ilovagi talab namoyad va bo khohishi arizadihanda vobasta ba amal va qarori az on shikoyatshuda az vay tavzehot girad.
  3. Prokuror yo sudyae, ki shikoyatro barrasi mekunad, vazifador ast dar doirai vakolati khud baroi  barqaror  namudani  huququ  manfiathoi qonunii poymolshudai ishtirokchiyoni murofiai jinoyati, inchunin digar shahrvandon, korkhona, tashkilot va muassisaho choraho andeshad.
  4. Agar az amal yo qarori gayriqonunii shikoyatshuda ba shahrvand zarari manavi, jismoni yo moddi rasida boshad, ba u boyad huquqhoyash dar borai jubron yo bartaraf kardani zarar va tartibi tatbiqi in huquq, ki bobi 47 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini kardaast, fahmonda shavad.

 

Moddai 123. SHikoyat az amal (beamali) va qarori maqomoti tahqiq, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish va prokuror

 

  1. Az amal (beamali) va qarori maqomoti tahqiq, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish ba prokurore, ki ijroi qonunhoro hangomi peshburdi taftishi peshaki va tahqiq nazorat mekunad, shikoyat kardan mumkin ast. Az amal va qarori prokuror ba prokurori boloi va yo sud shikoyat karda meshavad. (QJT az 2.08.11 s., №755)
  2. Prokuror vazifador ast, ki shikoyatro dar davomi se shabonaruz az lahzai giriftani on barrasi kunad. Dar holathoi istisno, agar baroi sanjishi shikoyat zarurati talab karda giriftani mavodi ilovagi yo andeshidani chorahoi digar pesh oyad, mumkin ast, ki shikoyat dar muhlati to haft shabonaruz barrasi gardad va dar in bora shakhsi shikoyatkarda va manfiatdor ogoh karda meshavand.
  3. Dar natijai barrasii shikoyat qarori purra yo qisman qone gardonidani shikoyat ba vositai bekor kardan yo tagyir dodani qarori shikoyatshuda yo in ki dar borai rad namudani qone gardonidani shikoyat qaror qabul karda meshavad. Dar ayni zamon qarori qablan qabulgardida tagyir doda nameshavad, ba sharte ki on boisi bad shudani vazi shakhse gardad, ki shikoyat karda yo ba manfiati on shakhs shikoyat arz shuda bud.
  4. SHakhsi shikoyatkarda va shakhsoni manfiatdor boyad az qarori doir ba shikoyat qabulgardida ogoh karda shavand.

 

Moddai 124. Tartibi sudii barrasii shikoyat az qarori prokuror

 

  1. Agar shikoyati shakhsi voqei yo huquqi az jonibi prokuror, prokurori boloi qone nashuda boshad va yo dar muhlati muayyankardai Kodeksi mazkur hal nashuda boshad, onho huquq dorand dar borai rad kardani qabuli arizaashon oid ba jinoyat yo vayron kardani qonun hangomi ogoz yo qat kardani parvandai jinoyati ba sud shikoyat kunand.
  2. SHikoyatro ba sudi mahalli joygirshavii maqomoti prokuratura dar davomi yak moh az ruzi giriftani ogohinomai prokuror dar borai rad namudani qonegardonii on yo az ruzi guzashtani muhlati yak mohi badi dodani shikoyat, ba sharte ki ba on javob narasida boshad, arz kardan mumkin ast.
  3. SHikoyat az jonibi sudya dar davomi dah shabonaruz az lahzai vorid shudani on bo rohi ogoh namudani arzkunanda va prokuror az vaqti barrasi dida baromada meshavad. Ba majlisi sud hozir nashudani shikoyatkunanda yo prokuror ba barrasii shikoyat mone shuda nametavonad, vale sudya metavonad hozir shudani onhoro hatmi shumorad. Prokuror ba sud mavodi bo shikoyat aloqamandro peshnihod menamoyad. Prokuror va shikoyatkunanda huquq dorand hangomi barrasii shikoyat fikri khudro ibroz kunand.
  4. Sudya shikoyatro asosnok etirof namuda, dar borai qone namudani shikoyat va bekor kardani qaror yo in ki benatija guzoshtani shikoyat qaror mebarorad. Qarori sudya dar borai bekor kardani qarori rad kardani ogoz yo in ki qat namudani parvandai jinoyati baroi ijro ba prokuror ravon karda meshavad.
  5. Sudyae, ki shikoyat az qarori prokurorro barrasi kardaast, mohiyatan dar barrasii parvanda huquqi ishtirok kardan nadorad.

 

Moddai 125. SHikoyat az qarori sud yo etiroz ba on

 

  1. SHikoyat az hukm, tainot va qarori sudi marhilai yakum, ki etibori qonuni paydo nakardaand yo etiroz ba on tibqi qoidahoi bobi 38 Kodeksi mazkur ovarda meshavad.
  2. SHikoyat yo etirozi az nav dida baromadani hukm, tainot va qarori sudi marhilahoi yakum, kassatsioni va nazorati, ki etibori qonuni paydo kardaand, tibqi qoidahoi bobhoi 42 va 43 Kodeksi mazkur peshnihod karda meshavand.

 

FASLI V. DIGAR MUQARRAROTI UMUMI

BOBI 15. DAVOI GRAJDANI DAR PARVANDAI JINOYATI

 

Moddai 126. Davoi grajdanie, ki dar parvandai jinoyati barrasi karda meshavad

 

  1. Dar parvandai jinoyati davoi grajdanii shakhsi voqei va huquqi, hamchunin prokuror va maqomoti makhsusgardonidashudai muboriza bo korrupsiya oid ba ruyonidani zarare, ki dar natijai sodir kardani jinoyat rasonida shudaast, mavridi barrasi qaror megirad.
  2. Davogar hangomi peshnihodi davoi grajdani dar parvandai jinoyati az boji davlati ozod karda meshavad.
  3. Tobeiyati sudii davoi grajdani, ki az parvandai jinoyati barmeoyad, tibqi tobeiyati sudii parvandai jinoyati, ki dar on peshnihod gardidaast, muayyan karda meshavad.
  4. Davoi grajdanie, ki az parvandai jinoyati barmeoyad, tibqi qoidahoi muayyannamudai Kodeksi mazkur isbot karda meshavad.
  5. Agar munosibathoi murofiavie, ki az davoi grajdani barmeoyand, dar asosi Kodeksi mazkur tanzim nashuda boshand, meyorhoi qonunguzorii murofiavii grajdani istifoda burda meshavand.

 

Moddai 127. Peshnihodi davoi grajdani

 

  1. SHakhse, ki az jinoyat yo kirdori bo Kodeksi jinoyati mangardidai shakhsi nomukallaf zarar didaast yo namoyandai u huquq dorand az lahzai ogozi parvandai jinoyati to ogozi taftishi sudi davoi grajdani arz kunad. Rad kardani qonenagardonii davoe, ki bo tartibi murofiai grajdani peshnihod shudaast, davogarro az huquqi dubora arz namudani hamon davo oid ba parvandai jinoyati mahrum mesozad.
  2. Davoi grajdaniro ba tavri shifohi yo khatti arz kardan mumkin ast. Arzi shifohi bo tartibi peshbininamudai qismi 2 moddai 141 Kodeksi mazkur dar protokol sabt meshavad.
  3. Nomalum budani shakhse, ki boyad ba sifati aybdorshavanda jalb shavad, ba peshnihodi davoi grajdani dar parvandai jinoyati mone shuda nametavonad.
  4. SHakhse, ki dar murofiai jinoyati davoi grajdani arz nakardaast, inchunin shakhse, ki davoi uro sud be muhokima guzoshtaast, huquq dorad bo tartibi murofiai grajdani davo kunad.
  5. Baroi hifzi manfiati davlat prokuror huquq dorad dar murofiai jinoyati davoi grajdani peshnihod namoyad.

 

Moddai 128. Etirof namudani davogari grajdani

 

  1. Agar az mavodi parvandai jinoyati muayyan gardad, ki az jinoyat yo kirdori baroi jamiyat khavfnoki shakhsi nomukallaf ba shakhsi voqei yo shakhsi huquqi zarar rasidaast, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror yo sud ba onho yo namoyandagoni onho huquqashonro dar borai peshnihodi davoi grajdani mefahmonand.
  2. SHakhsi voqei va huquqi, ki davo arz kardaast, bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qismi 1 moddai 44 Kodeksi mazkur davogari grajdani etirof meshavad. Ba shakhsi peshnihodkardai davo va namoyandai u qarori (tainoti) etirof kardani davogari grajdani elon karda, huququ uhdadorihoi peshbininamudai qismhoi 4 va 5 moddai 44 va qismi 3 moddai 45 Kodeksi mazkur fahmonda meshavad.

 

Moddai 129. Rad kardani etirofi davogari grajdani

 

Agar baroi peshnihodi davoi grajdani ba shakhsi voqei yo shakhsi huquqi, ki davo arz kardaast, asoshoi peshbininamudai moddai 127 Kodeksi mazkur mavjud naboshand, ba etirofi u ba sifati davogari grajdani javobi rad doda, dar in bora qaror yo tainoti asosnok barovarda, ba u huquqi shikoyat kardan fahmonda meshavad. Dar taftishi peshaki rad kardani etirof ba sifati davogari grajdani to ogozi taftishi sudi uro az huquqi peshnihodi davo dar sud mahrum namesozad. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)

 

Moddai 130. Jalb namudan ba sifati javobgari grajdani dar parvandai jinoyati

 

Dar surati peshnihod namudani davoi grajdani ba parvandai jinoyati hangomi muayyan kardani shakhse, ki baroi bo jinoyat yo kirdori baroi jamiyat khavfnoki shakhsi nomukallaf zarar rasonidanash masuliyat dorad, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror yo sud uro bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qismi 1 moddai 54 Kodeksi mazkur ba sifati javobgari grajdani jalb menamoyad. Ba javobgari grajdani yo namoyandai u qaror (tainot) dar borai ba sifati javobgari grajdani jalb shudan elon karda, huquqhoi peshbininamudai qismi 2 moddai 55 Kodeksi mazkur fahmonda meshavad.

 

Moddai 131. Tatbiqi qoidaho dar borai asosho, shartho, hajm va tarzi ruyonidani zarar

 

Hangomi barrasii davoi grajdani, ki dar parvandai jinoyati peshnihod shudaast, asos, shart, hajm va tarzi ruyonidani zarar mutobiqi meyorhoi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin  tibqi sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tochikiston onhoro etirof kardaast, muayyan karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 132. Dast kashidan az davoi grajdani

 

  1. SHakhsi voqei yo huquqi az davoi grajdanii arzkardaash huquqi dast kashidanro dorad.
  2. Arizai davogar dar borai dast kashidan az davo ba protokoli amali taftishi va majlisi sud dokhil karda meshavad. Agar dast kashidan az davo az jonibi davogar khatti peshnihod shuda boshad, on ba parvanda hamroh karda meshavad.
  3. Dast kashidan az davo az jonibi tahqiqbaranda, mufattish yo prokuror dar har lahzai peshburdi tahqiqi parvandai jinoyati qabul gardida, dar in bora qaror barovarda meshavad. Inchunin sud dar har lahzai muhokimai sudi tainot barovarda, to daromadani sud ba khonai mashvarati baroi barovardani hukm az davo dast kashidanro qabul karda metavonad.
  4. Qabuli dast kashidan az davo boisi qat namudani peshburdi on gardida, davogari grajdaniro dar murofiai jinoyati yo grajdani az huquqi takroran peshnihod kardani davo ba hamon shakhs va bo hamon asos mahrum mesozad.
  5. To dast kashidani davogar az davo tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror yo sud vazifadorand ba davogar oqibathoi muqarrarnamudai qismi 4 hamin moddaro fahmonand.
  6. Agar dast kashidani davogari grajdani az davo khilofi qonun boshad yo huququ manfiathoi qonunan hifzshavandai digar shakhsonro vayron kunad, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror yo sud az davo dast kashidani davogarro qabul namekunand va dar in bora qaror yo tainoti asosnok mebarorand.

 

Moddai 133. Qaror oid ba davoi grajdani

 

  1. Hangomi barovardani hukmi aybdorkuni yo tainot dar borai chorai majburi, ki khususiyati tibbi dorad, sud davoi grajdaniro purra yo qisman qone megardonad yo onro rad mekunad.
  2. Hangomi qone gardonidani davoi grajdani sud, sudya huquq dorad az doirai talaboti davo berun baroyad, ba sharte ki hajmi on ba bandubasti jinoyat va chorai jazoi gunahgoron tasir narasonad.
  3. Hangomi barovardani hukmi safedkunanda, hamchunin barovardani tainot va qarori qat namudani parvanda dar borai tatbiqi chorai majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi sud metavonad:

– qone gardonidani davoi grajdaniro rad kunad, ba sharte ki hodisai jinoyat yo kirdori baroi jamiyat khavfnoki aybdorshavanda yo ishtiroki sudshavanda yo shakhse, ki nisbati u masalai tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi hal karda meshavand, sodir namudani jinoyat yo kirdori baroi jamiyat khavfnok muayyan va isbot karda nashuda boshad;

– davoro be barrasi monad, dar surati az sababi mavjud nabudani tarkibi jinoyat sudshavanda safed karda shuda boshad yo in ki qat namudani parvanda baroi nabudani asosi tatbiqi chorai majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi, ki bo khususiyati kirdori az jonibi u sodirshuda va vazi khud baroi jamiyat khavfnok nest va ba muolijai majburi muhtoj nameboshad;

– dar surati imkonnopazirii muayyan kardani miqdori aniqi mablagi talabi davo ba davogari grajdani fahmonida meshavad, ki u huquq dorad, ba tariqi umumi bo davoi grajdani ba sud murojiat namoyad.

  1. Hangomi qat namudani parvanda bo asoshoe, ki dar sarkhathoi seyum-nuhumi qismi 1 moddai 27 va moddai 28 Kodeksi mazkur zikr gardidaand, sud davoi grajdaniro be barrasi memonad.
  2. Agar tibqi asoshoi peshbininamudai qismi 3 hamin modda parvandai jinoyati dar davrai peshburdi tosudi qat gardida boshad, shakhsi voqei yo huquqi yo namoyandagoni onho huquq dorand bo tartibi murofiai grajdani davo peshnihod kunand.

 

Moddai 134. Tamini ijroi hukm dar qismi davoi grajdani

 

Dar surati qone gardonidani davoi grajdani sud huquq dorad to etibori qonuni paydo kardani hukm dar borai qabuli chorai tamini davo, ba sharte ki chunin qaror qablan barovarda nashuda boshad, qaror qabul kunad.

 

Moddai 135. Ijroi hukm va tainoti sud dar qismi davoi grajdani

 

Hangomi az jonibi sud qone gardonidani davoi grajdani hukm, inchunin  tainot dar borai tatbiqi chorai majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi dar qismi davoi grajdani bo tartibi peshbininamudai Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston «Dar borai istehsoloti ijro» amali karda meshavad.

 

BOBI 16. MUHLAT VA HAROJOTI MUROFIAVI

 

Moddai 136. Bahisobgirii muhlat

 

  1. Muhlati muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur bo soat, shabonaruz, moh va sol ba hisob girifta meshavad. Dar hisobi muhlat soat va ruze, ki jarayoni muhlat ogoz megardad, ba hisob girifta nameshavad. In qoida ba hisobi muhlati dastgirkuni dakhl nadorad. Ba hisobi muhlat, inchunin vaqti gayrikori niz zam karda meshavad.
  2. Dar hisobi muhlat bo moh yo sol muhlat dar ruzi dakhldori mohi okhirin khotima meyobad, agar in moh sanai dakhldor nadoshta boshad, muhlat dar ruzi okhirini hamin moh ba okhir merasad. Agar khatmi muhlat ba ruzi gayrikori rost oyad, ruzi okhirini muhlat ruzi korii badi on ruz farorasanda ba hisob meravad, ba gayr az holathoi hisobi muhlat hangomi dastgirkuni, ba habs giriftan, habsi khonagi va muhlati dar muassisai tibbi budan.
  3. Hangomi dastgirkuni muhlat az lahzai tatbiqi voqeii in chora ba hisob girifta meshavad.
  4. Muhlat guzaronidashuda ba hisob nameravad, ba sharte ki shikoyat yo digar sanad to guzashti muhlat dar pochta va baroi shakhsoni ba habs giriftashuda va yo dar muassisai tibbi joydoda boshad, agar shikoyat yo digar hujjatho to guzashti muhlat ba mamuriyati mahalli bahabsgiri yo muassisai tibbi supurda shuda boshand. Vaqti supurdani shikoyat yo digar hujjatho ba pochta az rui muhri pochta va vaqti supurdani on ba mamuriyati mahalli nigohdorii tahti habs yo muassisai tibbi tibqi sabti daftarkhona yo shakhsi mansabdori in muassisaho muayyan karda meshavad.
  5. Az jonibi shakhsi mansabdor rioya kardani muhlati muayyanshuda bo sabti dakhldor dar hujjati murofiavi tasdiq karda meshavad. Giriftani hujjat, ki boyad ba ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudii jinoyati supurda shavad, bo zabonkhati ba parvanda hamrohgardidai onho tasdiq megardad.

 

Moddai 137. Oqibathoi guzaronidani muhlat va barqaror namudani on

 

  1. Amalhoi murofiavie, ki bo guzashtani muhlat sodir shudaand, dar surati barqaror karda nashudani muhlat beetibor donista meshavand.
  2. SHakhse, ki ba barqaror namudani muhlati guzaronidashuda manfiatdor ast, ba maqomoti peshbarandai murofiai sudii jinoyati bo darkhost yo khohish murojiat mekunad. Mutobiqi darkhost yo khohishi shakhsi zikrgardida ijroi qarore, ki vobasta ba guzashtani muhlati muqarargardida shikoyat shudaast, mumkin ast, to halli masalai barqaror namudani muhlati guzaronidashuda bozdoshta shavad. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)
  3. Muhlati bo sababhoi uzrnok guzaronidashuda boyad bo qarori maqomote, ki murofiai sudii jinoyatiro pesh mebarad, bo darkhost yo khohishi shakhsi manfiatdore, ki muhlatro guzaronidaast, barqaror karda shavad.
  4. Dar khususi rad kardani barqaror namudani muhlati guzaronidashuda bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur shikoyat ovardan mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 138. Harojoti murofiavi

 

  1. Harojoti murofiavi az mablaghoi zerin iborat ast:

– mablagi ba shohidon, jabrdidaho va namoyandagoni onho, korshinoson, mutakhassison, tarjumonho, shakhsoni kholis baroi pushonidani kharojotashon hangomi hozir shudan ba mahalli guzaronidani amali murofiavi va bozgasht, baroi ijorai manzil, inchunin masrafi shabonaruzii pardokhtashuda;

– mablagi ba korshinoson, tarjumonho, mutakhassison pardokhtashuda baroi ijroi uhdadorihoyashon hangomi tahqiq, taftishi peshaki yo dar sud, ba gayr az holathoe, ki in uhdadoriho bo tartibi suporishi khizmati anjom doda shudaand;

– podoshi kumaki huquqi himoyatgar dar surati ozod kardani gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda az pardokhti on yo ishtiroki himoyatgar dar tahqiq, taftishi peshaki va dar sud tibqi tainot, be bastani sozishnoma bo mizoj;

– mablagi ba sifati kumakpuli ba aybdorshavanda pardokhtashuda, ki nisbat ba on chorai peshgiri bo rohi dur kardan az vazifa tatbiq shuda bud;

– mablagi baroi nigahdori va intiqoli dalelhoi shayi masrafgardida;

– mablagi baroi koftukovi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda masrafgardida, ki az taftish yo sud pinhon karda shudaast;

– mablagi baroi guzaronidani ekspertiza dar muassisahoi eksperti masrafgardida;

– mablagi baroi chorahoi digari anjom dodani peshburdi parvandai dakhldori jinoyati yo mavodi dakhldor masrafgardida.

  1. Harojoti murofiavi ba depoziti sud qabul karda, az hisobi mablaghoi bujeti mahalli pardokhta meshavad, ba sharte ki Kodeksi mazkur tartibi digarero muqarrar nakarda boshad.
  2. Mablaghoi dar sarkhathoi yakum – chorum va hashtumi qismi 1 hamin modda zikrgardida bo qarori tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror yo bo tainoti (qarori) sud pardokhta meshavand.

 

Moddai 139. Sitonidani kharojoti murofiavi

 

  1. Harojoti murofiavi az mahkumshudagon sitonida yo az hisobi davlat pardokht meshavad.
  2. Sud, sudya huquq dorand dar holathoi peshbininamudai qismhoi 4 va 5 hamin modda, ba istisnoi mablagi ba tarjumon, inchunin ba himoyatgar pardokhtashuda, kharojoti murofiaviro az mahkumshuda sitonand. Harojoti murofiaviro ham az mahkumshudae, ki az jazo ozod karda shudaast, ham az mahkumshudae, ki dar haqqi u jazo tain nagardidaast, sitonidan mumkin ast.
  3. Harojoti murofiavi vobasta ba ishtiroki tarjumon dar parvanda az hisobi davlat meboshad. Agar tarjumon vazifai khudro tibqi suporishi vazifagi anjom doda boshad, muzdi mehnati u az jonibi davlat ba korkhonae, ki u kor mekunad, jubron karda meshavad.
  4. Agar gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavanda az himoyatgar dast kashida, vale on qone gardonida nashuda, himoyatgar dar parvanda tibqi tainot ishtirok doshta boshad, muzdi mehnati himoyatgar bo tartibi muayyankardai qonunguzori va Kodeksi mazkur pardokhta meshavad.
  5. Dar holati bo sarkhathoi yakum va duyumi qismi 1 moddai 27 va sarkhati duyumi qismi 1 moddai 234 Kodeksi mazkur safed kardani sudshavanda yo qat namudani parvanda kharojoti murofiavi az hisobi davlat pardokhta meshavad. Agar sudshavanda qisman safed shuda boshad, sud uro uhdador mekunad kharojoti murofiaviro vobasta ba aybdorkunie, ki u gunahgor donista shudaast, pardozad.
  6. Dar surati bad budani vazi molumulkii shakhse, ki az u kharojoti murofiavi boyad sitonida shavad, on az hisobi davlat pardokhta meshavad. Sud huquq dorad mahkumshudaro purra yo qisman az pardokhti kharojoti murofiavi ozod kunad, ba sharte ki on ba vazi molumulkii shakhsone, ki tahti parastorii mahkumshuda qaror dorand, tasiri jiddi rasonad.
  7. Sud oid ba parvanda yakchand sudshavandaro gunahgor etirof namuda, muayyan mekunad, ki kharojoti murofiavi ba kadom andoza az har yaki onho sitonida meshavad. Dar ayni zamon sud khususiyati gunoh, darajai masuliyat va vazi molumulkii mahkumshudaro ba inobat megirad.
  8. Oid ba parvandai jinoyatii noboligon sud metavonad pardokhti kharojoti murofiaviro ba zimmai padaru modari noboligon yo shakhsone, ki onhoro ivaz mekunand, guzorad.
  9. Hangomi safed kardani sudshavanda oid ba parvandai aybdorkunii khususi sud huquq dorad kharojoti murofiaviro az shakhse, ki mutobiqi shikoyati u peshburdi parvanda ogoz gardida bud, purra yo qisman sitonad. Hangomi qat namudani parvanda ba sababi oshti shudani tarafho kharojoti murofiavi az yak yo az har du taraf sitonida meshavad.

 

QISMI II. QISMI MAHSUS

FASLI VI. PESHBURDI TOSUDII PARVANDAI JINOYATI

BOBI 17. SABAB VA ASOSHOI OGOZI PARVANDAI JINOYATI

 

Moddai 140. Asoshoi ogozi parvandai jinoyati

 

Asoshoi ogozi parvandai jinoyati az inho iboratand:

– ariza dar borai jinoyat;

– hozir shudan bo iqrori gunoh;

– ittilooti shakhsi mansabdori korkhona, muassisa va tashkilot;

– ittiloot dar vositahoi akhbori omma;

– az jonibi tahqiqbaranda, mufattish yo prokuror bevosita ba dast ovardani malumote, ki ba alomathoi jinoyat ishora mekunand.

 

Moddai 141. Ariza dar borai jinoyat

 

  1. Ariza dar borai jinoyat shifohi yo khatti shuda metavonad.
  2. Arizai khatti boyad az jonibi shakhsi arizadihanda imzo guzoshta shavad.
  3. Arizai shifohi ba protokol dokhil karda shuda, ba on arizadihanda va shakhsi mansabdori maqomoti tahqiq, mufattish yo prokurore, ki arizaro qabul kardaand, imzo meguzorand.
  4. Protokol boyad malumotro dar borai arizadihanda, mahalli istiqomat va kor, inchunin hujjathoi shakhsii u dar bar girad.
  5. Arizadihanda dar borai javobgarii jinoyati oid ba didayu donista rasonidani khabari bardurug ogohonida, dar protokol sabt va bo imzoash tasdiq karda meshavad.
  6. Ariza, maktub yo digar ittilooti benom, beimzo yo bo imzoi qalbaki yo az nomi shakhsi sokhta navishtashuda baroi ogozi parvandai jinoyati asos shuda nametavonad.

 

Moddai 142. Hozir shudan bo iqrori gunoh

 

  1. Hozir shudan bo iqrori gunoh ittilooti ikhtiyorii shakhs dar borai jinoyati sodirnamudaash, ki ba maqomoti taqibi jinoyati malum nest, hisobida meshavad, ba sharte ki in shakhs hanuz gumonbar nashuda yo aybdorkuni dar sodir namudani jinoyat peshnihod nagardida boshad.
  2. Arizai iqrori gunoh ba tarzi shifohi yo khatti doda meshavad va boyad az tarafi arizadihanda ba maqomoti tahqiq, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish yo prokuror suporida shavad.
  3. Arizai shifohi ba protokol dokhil karda shuda, mazmunash purra inikos megardad. Protokol az jonibi shakhsi bo iqrori gunoh hozirshuda va mansabdore, ki onro qabul kardaast, imzo karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 143.  Ittilooti shakhsi mansabdori korkhona, muassisa va tashkilot dar borai jinoyat

 

  1. Ittilooti shakhsi mansabdori korkhona, muassisa va tashkilot dar borai jinoyat boyad dar shakli khatti peshnihod karda shavad.
  2. Ba ittiloot mumkin ast hujjat va digar mavodi tasdiqkunandai holathoi sodir namudani jinoyat zamima shavand.

Moddai 144. Ittilooti vositahoi akhbori omma

 

  1. Ittilooti vositahoi akhbori omma baroi ogozi parvandai jinoyati asos shuda metavonad, ba sharte ki on asosi voqei doshta, dar ruznoma yo majalla darch gardida yo ba vositai radio va televizion pakhsh tuda boshad. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)
  2. SHakhsi mansabdori vositai akhbori omma, ki ittilootro dar borai jinoyat darj va yo pakhsh kardaast, bo talabi shakhsi baroi ogozi parvandai jinoyati vakolatdor vazifador ast, ki hamai hujjatho va mavodi dar ikhtiyorash budai tasdiqkunandai ittilooti pakhshshudaro dastras kunad, inchunin shakhsi peshnihodkardai in malumotro, ba gayr az holathoe, ki in shakhs onro bo sharti mahfuz doshtani manbai ittiloot dodaast, nombar kunad.

 

Moddai 145. Hatmi budani qabul va barrasii arizayu ittiloot dar borai jinoyat

 

  1. Maqomoti tahqiq, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish va prokuror vazifadorand dar borai hama guna jinoyati tayyorshavanda, sodirshavanda va sodirshuda arizayu ittilootro qabul va barrasi namoyand. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)
  2. Ba arizadihanda dar borai ba qayd giriftani ariza yo ittiloot dar borai jinoyat bo sabti nomi shakhse, ki ariza yo ittilootro qabul kardaast va vaqti ba qayd giriftani on hujjat doda meshavad.
  3. Az beasos dast kashidan az qabuli ariza yo ittiloot dar borai jinoyat ba prokuror yo sud bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai moddahoi 122, 123 va 124 Kodeksi mazkur shikoyat kardan mumkin ast.
  4. Ariza va ittiloot dar borai jinoyat, ki ba sud vorid shudaast, baroi halli masalai ogozi parvandai jinoyati ba prokuror ravon karda, arizadihanda ogoh karda meshavad.
  5. Qaror oid ba ariza va ittiloot dar borai jinoyat boyad dar muhlati na dertar az se shabonaruz az lahzai giriftani ariza va ittiloot qabul karda shavad. Dar holathoi zaruri prokuror baroi giriftani nishondodi ilovagii shakhsi arizadihanda, talab karda giriftani hujjatho, aznazarguzaronii joi hodisa in muhlatro to dah shabonaruz daroz karda metavonad.
  6. Dar mavridi giriftani ariza yo ittiloot dar borai jinoyat yo bevosita oshkor kardani jinoyat maqomoti tahqiq, tahqiqbaranda, sardori vohidi tahqiq, mufattish, sardori vohidi taftishot yo prokuror yake az qarorhoi zaylro qabul mekunad:

–  dar borai ogozi parvandai jinoyati;

–  dar borai rad kardan az ogozi parvandai jinoyati;

– dar borai az rui tobeiyati taftishi ravon kardani ariza yo ittiloot.

  1. Oid ba qarori nisbat ba ariza yo ittilooti qabulshuda ba shakhs, korkhona, muassisa, tashkilot yo shakhsi mansabdore, ki az onho ariza yo ittiloot rasidaast, khabar doda, ba onho huquqi shikoyat kardan az qaror fahmonda meshavad. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)
  2. Dar surati az rui tobeiyati taftishi ravon kardani ariza yo ittiloot maqomoti tahqiq, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish yo prokuror vazifadorand baroi peshgiri yo rafi jinoyat, hamchunin taqviyati izi jinoyat choraho andeshand.

 

BOBI 18. TARTIBI OGOZI PARVANDAI JINOYATI

 

Moddai 146. Ogozi parvandai jinoyatii aybdorkunii umumi

 

  1. Hangomi mavjud budani asoshoi peshbinikardai moddai 140 Kodeksi mazkur tahqiqbaranda, mufattish, prokuror dar borai ogozi parvandai jinoyati qaror qabul mekunand.
  2. Dar qaror vaqt va mahalli qabuli on, az jonibi ki qabul karda shudani on, sabab va asosho baroi ogozi parvanda, moddai Kodeksi jinoyati, ki tibqi on parvandai jinoyati ogoz shudaast, inchunin samti minbadai parvanda nishon doda meshavad. Nuskhai qaror dar borai ogozi parvandai jinoyati favran ba prokuror ravon karda, ba arizadihanda khabar doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 147. Ogozi parvandai jinoyatii aybdorkunii khususi- umumi

 

  1. Parvandahoi jinoyathoi peshbinikardai qismi 3 moddai 24 Kodeksi mazkur az jonibi tahqiqbaranda, mufattish yo prokuror tibqi muqarraroti Kodeksi mazkur, tanho bo arizai jabrdida ogoz gardida, dar surati oshti shudani jabrdida bo aybdorshavanda mutobiqi muqarraroti Kodeksi mazkur hal karda meshavand. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)
  2. Dar holathoi istisno, agar parvanda dar borai yagon jinoyati peshbinikardai qismi 3 moddai 24 Kodeksi mazkur doroi ahamiyati makhsusi jamiyati boshad yo jabrdida oid ba hamin parvanda bo sababi vazi ojizonai khud, vobastagi az aybdorshavanda va yo digar sababho ba himoyai huquq va manfiathoi qonunii khud qodir naboshad, prokuror huquq dorad be arizai jabrdida parvandai jinoyati ogoz kunad. CHunin parvanda bo sababi oshti shudani jabrdida bo aybdorshavanda tibqi muqarraroti Kodeksi mazkur hal karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 148. Ravon kardani parvandai  ogozshuda

 

Pas az qabuli qaror dar khususi ogozi parvanda:

– maqomoti tahqiq oid ba parvandahoe, ki peshburdi taftishi peshakiashon hatmist, badi ijroi amalhoi taftishii takhirnopazir az jonibi tahqiqbaranda parvandaro baroi peshburdi taftishi peshaki firistoda, az rui parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi peshbinikardai qismi 1 moddai 154 Kodeksi mazkur boshad, tahqiq meguzaronad;

– mufattish badi qabuli parvandai jinoyati ba peshburdi taftishi peshaki shuru mekunad;

– prokuror parvandai jinoyatiro baroi peshburdi taftishi peshaki ba mufattish yo tahqiqbaranda ravon mekunad yo khudash ba peshburdi taftishi peshaki shuru mekunad.

 

Moddai 149. Rad kardan az ogozi parvandai jinoyati

 

  1. Hangomi mavjud nabudani asos baroi ogozi parvandai jinoyati maqomoti tahqiq, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish yo prokuror oid ba rad kardan az ogozi parvandai jinoyati qarori asosnok mebarorand.
  2. Nuskhai qaror dar borai rad kardan az ogozi parvandai jinoyati dar muhlati se shabonaruz ba shakhs, korkhona, muassisa, tashkilot yo mansabdore, ki az on ariza yo ittiloot girifta shudaast, ravon karda meshavad.
  3. Dar ayni zamon ba onho boyad huquqhoyashon va tartibi shikoyat kardan az qaror fahmonda shavand.
  4. Az qaror dar borai rad kardan az ogozi parvandai jinoyati dar davomi chordah shabonaruz az lahzai giriftani nuskhai qaror ba prokuror va dar khususi az jonibi prokuror rad kardan az qone gardonidani shikoyat bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Kodeksi mazkur ba prokurori boloi yo sud shikoyat kardan mumkin ast.
  5. Hangomi rad kardan az ogozi parvandai jinoyati dar borai jinoyate, ki vobasta ba sodir shudani on ittilo az shakhs girifta shudaast, prokuror, mufattish, tahqiqbaranda masalai ogozi parvandai jinoyatiro vobasta ba ittiloi bardurugi shakhs dida mebaroyand.
  6. Ittiloote, ki dar borai sodir namudani jinoyat dar vositahoi akhbori omma chop gardida, dar rafti taftish tasdiqi khudro nayoftaast, dar hamon vositai akhbori omma dar in bora raddiya chop karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 150. Nazorati prokuror jihati qonuni budani ogozi parvandai jinoyati

 

Prokuror hangomi amali gardonidani nazorat jihati qonuni budani ogozi parvandai jinoyati huquq dorad:

– muhlati barrasii ariza yo ittilootro bo tartibi peshbininamudai qismi 5 moddai 145 Kodeksi mazkur daroz namoyad;

– qarori maqomoti tahqiq, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish yo prokurori poyoniro dar khususi rad namudan az ogozi parvandai jinoyati bekor karda, mavodro baroi sanjishi ilovagi irsol namoyad;

– qarori maqomoti tahqiq, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish yo prokurori poyoniro dar khususi ogozi parvandai jinoyati bekor kunad va ogozi parvandai jinoyatiro rad namoyad;

–  qarori maqomoti tahqiq, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish yo prokurori poyoniro dar khususi rad kardan az ogozi parvandai jinoyati bekor kunad va  parvandai jinoyatiro ogoz namoyad;

– qarori maqomoti tahqiq, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish yo prokurori poyoniro dar khususi ogozi parvandai jinoyati bekor kunad va parvandai jinoyatiro, agar oid ba on amalhoi taftishi anjom doda shuda boshand, qat kunad.

 

FASLI VII. TAHQIQ VA TAFTISHI PESHAKI

BOBI 19. TAHQIQ

 

Moddai 151. Tahqiqi parvandahoi jinoyati

 

Tahqiqi parvandahoi jinoyati dar khususi jinoyathoi peshbinishuda dar moddahoi 119, 120, 125 qismi 1, 126, 131 qismi 1, 171, 195 qismi 4, 213 qismi 1, 230, 232, 234, 235, 237 qismi 1, 238, 242 qismi 1, 243, 244 qismi 1, 252 qismi 1, 254 qismi 1, 255 qismi 1, 256, 259 qismi 1, 286 qismi 1, 294, 341, 342 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston az tarafi maqomoti tahqiq anjom doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 152. Faoliyati maqomoti tahqiq

 

Faoliyati maqomoti tahqiq vobasta ba amaliyotashon bo parvandahoe, ki doir ba onho peshburdi taftishi peshaki hatmist yo in ki bo parvandahoe, ki doir ba onho peshburdi taftishi peshaki hatmi nest, farq mekunad.

 

Moddai 153. Faoliyati maqomoti tahqiq dar mavridi parvandahoe, ki doir ba onho taftishi peshaki hatmist

 

  1. Dar surati mavjud budani alomathoi jinoyate, ki doir ba on peshburdi taftishi peshaki hatmist, maqomoti tahqiq huquq dorad parvandai jinoyatiro ogoz namoyad. Tahqiqbaranda qoidahoi Kodeksi mazkurro ba rohbari girifta, harakathoi takhirnopaziri taftishi va digar amalhoi murofiaviro baroi muqarrar va mustahkam namudani izhoi jinoyat meguzaronad, chunonchi: aznazarguzaroni, yofta giriftan, koftukov, habsi murosiloti pochta, khabarhoi telegrafi va khabarhoi digare, ki tavassuti shabaqahoi aloqai barqi va aloqai pochta intiqol meshavand, gush kardan va sabti guftugu, nishon dodan baroi shinokhtan, shahodatkunoni, dastgirkuni va pursishi gumonbarshuda, jabrdida va shohidon. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)
  2. Oid ba jinoyati oshkorshuda va ogozi parvandai jinoyati favran ba prokuror khabar medihad.
  3. Pas az ijro namudani amalhoi takhirnopaziri taftishi, vale na dertar az dah shabonaruz az ruzi ogozi parvanda maqomoti tahqiq vazifador ast parvandaro ba mufattish suporad.
  4. Bad az on ki parvanda ba mufattish suporida shud, maqomoti tahqiq amalhoi taftishi va chorabinihoi operativi-justujui bo suporishi mufattish anjom doda metavonad. Dar surati ba mufattish suporida shudani parvandae, ki oid ba on oshkor kardani shakhsi sodirkunandai jinoyat muyassar nashudaast, maqomoti tahqiq vazifador ast baroi muqarrar namudani shakhsi jinoyatro sodirkarda chorabinihoi operativi-justujuiro davom doda, mufattishro az natijahoi badastovarda khabardor kunad. (QJT az 25.03.11s., №692)

 

 

Moddai 154. Tartibi tahqiqi parvandahoi jinoyatie, ki peshburdi taftishi peshakii onho hatmi nest

 

  1. Oid ba parvandai jinoyatie, ki peshburdi taftishi peshaki hatmi nest, maqomoti tahqiq parvandaro ogoz mekunad va baroi muqarrar namudani holathoe, ki boyad oid ba parvandai jinoyati isbot karda shavand, hamai chorahoi peshbinikardai Kodeksi mazkurro meandeshad.
  2. Oid ba parvandai jinoyatie, ki peshburdi taftishi peshaki hatmi nest, mavodi tahqiq baroi dar sud barrasi namudani parvanda asos megardad.
  3. Dar surati mavjud budani asoshoi dar bobi 46 Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda maqomoti tahqiq peshburdi suratnokro anjom medihad.

 

Moddai 155. Muhlati peshburdi tahqiq

 

  1. Oid ba parvandae, ki peshburdi taftishi peshaki hatmi nest, peshburdi tahqiq boyad dar muhlati na dertar az ponzdah shabonaruz az ruzi ogozi parvandai jinoyati to ruzi ba prokuror baroi ba sud ravon kardan yo to ruzi qat kardani peshburdi parvanda tamom karda shavad.
  2. Ba muhlati peshburdi tahqiq muddate, ki dar davomi on tahqiq bo asoshoi peshbinikardai Kodeksi mazkur bozdoshta shuda bud, dokhil nameshavad.
  3. Muhlati bo qismi 1 hamin modda peshbinishudai peshburdi tahqiq mumkin ast az tarafi prokuror yo muovini u daroz karda shavad, vale na ziyodtar az ponzdah shabonaruz.
  4. Dar holathoi istisnoi muhlati peshburdi tahqiqi parvanda mumkin ast tibqi qoidahoi muqarrarkardai moddai 168 Kodeksi mazkur daroz karda shavad.

 

Moddai 156. Holathoi istisnoii peshburdi hatmii taftishi peshaki

 

Oid ba parvandai jinoyatie, ki doir ba on tibqi qoidahoi muqarrarkardai Kodeksi mazkur taftishi peshaki hatmi nest, ba sharte ki jinoyat az tarafi nobolig, shakhsi nomukallaf yo badi sodirkunii jinoyat ba bemorii ruhi giriftorshuda sodir karda shuda boshad, hatman taftishi peshaki guzaronida meshavad.

 

Moddai 157. Anjom dodan va bozdoshtani tahqiq

 

  1. Tahqiqi parvandae, ki doir ba on peshburdi taftishi peshaki hatmist, bo tartib dodani qaror dar borai ba mufattish ravon kardani parvanda anjom meyobad.
  2. Tahqiqi parvandae, ki doir ba on peshburdi taftishi peshaki hatmi nest, bo tartib dodani fikri aybdorkuni yo qarori qat kardani parvanda anjom meyobad.
  3. Dar surati mavjud budani yake az asoshoi peshbinishudai moddai 234 Kodeksi mazkur, maqomoti tahqiq parvandaro bo qarori asosnok qat namuda, nuskhai onro dar muddati yak shabonaruz ba prokuror ravona mekunad.
  4. Dar surati qat karda shudani parvanda nisbati davatshavanda maqomoti tahqiq dar muddati haft shabonaruz dar in khusus ba komissariati harbii nohiyavi (shahri) khabar medihad.
  5. Dar mavridhoi digar fikri aybdorkuni tartib doda, bo yakjoyagii hamai mavodi tahqiq parvandai jinoyati ba prokuror baroi tasdiq peshnihod karda meshavad.
  6. Dar surati mavjud budani yake az asoshoi peshbinikardai moddai 230 Kodeksi mazkur maqomoti tahqiq huquq dorad peshburdi parvandaero, ki doir ba on taftishi peshaki hatmi nest, bozdorad. Dar borai bozdoshtani tahqiq qaror barovarda, nuskhai on dar muddati yak shabonaruz ba prokuror ravon karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 158. Vakolathoi prokuror oid ba nazorati peshburdi tahqiq

 

Prokuror dar rafti nazorati ijroi qonunho hangomi peshburdi tahqiq huquq dorad:

– az maqomoti tahqiq mavodi tahqiqro talab karda girad;

– parvandai jinoyati ogoz namoyad;

-parvandai ogozshudaro baroi peshburdi taftishi peshaki ravon kunad;

– vakolathoi digarro, ki Kodeksi mazkur muqarrar kardaast, amali gardonad.

 

BOBI 20. SHARTHOI UMUMII TAFTISHI PESHAKI

 

Moddai 159. Maqomoti taftishi peshaki

 

  1. Taftishoti parvandahoi jinoyati mutobiqi tobeiyati taftishii peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur az jonibi mufattishoni maqomoti prokuratura, korhoi dokhili, amniyati milli, muboriza bo korrupsiya, nazorati mavodi nashaovar anjom doda meshavad.
  2. Prokuror huquq dorad hama guna parvandahoi jinoyatiro muvofiќi tartibi peshbininamudai moddaњoi 161, 168 va 169 Kodeksi mazkur ba peshburdi khud qabul namoyad.(ЌЉT az 22.07.13s., №983)

 

Moddai 160. Peshburdi hatmii taftishi peshaki

 

  1. Taftishi peshakii hamai parvandahoi jinoyati ba istisnoi parvandahoi jinoyatii dar moddai 151 Kodeksi mazkur zikr shuda, hatmi meboshad.
  2. Taftishi peshakii hamai parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi sodirkarda tavassuti noboligon yo shakhsone, ki binobar kambudii jismoni yo ruhi nametavonand huquqashonro ba himoyai khud tatbiq namoyand, hatmi meboshad.

 

Moddai 161. Tobeiyati taftishi peshakii parvandahoi jinoyati

 

  1. Taftishi peshakii parvandahoi jinoyati az jonibi maqomoti dar qismi 1 moddai 159 nishondodashuda, anjom doda meshavad.
  2. Taftishi peshakii parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoe, ki dar moddahoi 104-109, 121-124, 127-130, 1301, 131 qismhoi 2 va 3, 132, 133, 137, 1371, 138, 141-164, 168-170, 172-178, 183, 185-188, 190, 191, 198, 199, 207-211, 217, 220-229, 231, 233, 236, 245 qismi 1, qismi 2 bandhoi «a», «b», «v», 246, 251, 257, 258, 261, 263, 274, 276, 286 qismi 2, 287-291, 295-297, 298-304, inchunin moddahoi 314-317, 322, 323, agar in kirdor khususiyati korrupsioni nadoshta boshad, moddahoi 328-332, 338, 343-365, 368-393, 398-405 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini shudaand, az tarafi mufattishi maqomoti prokuratura burda meshavad. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755; QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)
  3. Taftishi peshakii parvandahoro oid ba jinoyathoe, ki az tarafi sudya, prokuror, mufattish yo shakhsi mansabdori maqomoti korhoi dokhili va gumruk, agentii muboriza bo korrupsiya va nazorati mavodi nashaovar sodir shudaand, inchunin nisbat ba onho hangomi ijroi vazifai khizmati sodir gardidaand, ba istisnoi jinoyathoe, ki dar qismi 7 moddai mazkur peshbini gardidaand, mufattishoni maqomoti prokuratura meguzaronand. Taftishi peshakii parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi khususiyati korrupsionidoshta, ki bo taftishi parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi dar hamin qism va qismi 2 moddai mazkur peshbinigardida aloqamand meboshand, az tarafi mufattishoni maqomoti prokuratura guzaronida meshavad. (ЌЉT az 22.07.13s., №983)
  4. Taftishi peshakii parvandahoro oid ba jinoyathoe, ki az tarafi khizmatchii harbi, shakhsi uhdadori harbi, ki ba jamomadi harbi davat meshavad, inchunin az jonibi hayati gayrinizomii Quvvahoi Musallahi Tojikiston vobasta ba adoi vazifai khizmati yo dar hududi qismi harbi sodir gashtaand, mufattishoni prokuraturai harbi meguzaronand.
  5. Taftishi peshakii parvandahoro oid ba jinoyathoe, ki dar moddahoi 179-182, 184, 189, 218, 287-290, 298-313, 335, 336, 395-397 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini shudaand, az tarafi mufattishoni maqomoti amniyati milli guzaronida meshavad.
  6. Taftishi peshakii parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoe, ki dar moddahoi 314, 316, 319-322 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini shudaand niz az tarafi mufattishoni maqomoti amniyati milli guzaronida meshavad, ba sharte ki onho bo taftishi digar parvandahoi jinoyatie, ki dar tobeiyati taftishii in maqomotand, aloqamand boshand.
  7. Taftishi peshakii parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoe, ki dar moddai 245 qismi 2 bandi «g», qismhoi 3 va 4, moddahoi 246, 247 qismi 2 bandi «g», qismhoi 3 va 4 ba sharte ki in kirdorho bo istifodai vakolati mansabi sodir shuda boshand, moddahoi 257, 258, 259, 2591, 260, 2601, 261, 262, 264, agar in kirdor az jonibi rohbari korkhona, muassisa va tashkiloti digar qati nazar az shakli molikiyat sodir shuda boshad, moddahoi 265, 268, 269, 270, 271, moddai 273 qismi 3 bandi «v», ba sharte in kirdorho bo istifodai vakolati mansabi sodir shuda boshad, moddahoi 274, 278, 279, 280, 287, moddai 289 qismi 3 bandi «b», agar in kirdor bo istifodai vakolathoi mansabi sodir shuda boshad, qismi 4, agar dar guruhi mutashakkil subekti jinoyati korrupsioni ishtirok doshta boshad, moddai 291 qismi 2 bandi «b», moddahoi 292, 293, 295, 296, 314 -317, agar in kirdorho khususiyati korrupsioni doshta boshand, moddahoi 318- 321, 323- 327, 3381, 3401, 345 qismi 3, agar in kirdorho bo istifodai vakolathoi mansabi sodir shuda boshand, moddahoi 348, 349, 359 qismhoi 2 va 3, ba sharte ki in kirdorho az jonibi subekti jinoyati khususiyati korrupsionidoshta sodir shuda boshand, moddahoi 360, 363 va 391 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, agar in kirdorho khususiyati korrupsioni doshta boshand, az tarafi mufattishoni maqomoti makhsusgardonidashudai muboriza bo korrupsiya guzaronida meshavad. Taftishi peshakii parvandaho dar haqqi sudyaho, prokurorho, mufattishon, kormandoni maqomoti hifzi huquq (az jumla kormandoni maqomoti muboriza bo korrupsiya), oid ba jinoyathoe, ki dar hamin qism peshbini shudaand, az tarafi mufattishoni maqomoti makhsusgardonidashudai muboriza bo korrupsiya guzaronida meshavad. Dar holati az tarafi maqomoti makhsusgardonidashudai muboriza bo korrupsiya oshkor namudani jinoyathoi dar hamin qism peshbinigardida, ki az jonibi khizmatchiyoni harbi, inchunin uhdadoroni harbii ba jamomadi harbi davat kardashuda sodir gardida boshand, taftishi peshakii parvandaho az tarafi mufattishoni hamin maqomot burda meshavad. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755; az 23.11.15 s., №1229)
  8. Taftishi peshakii parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi dar moddahoi 143-164, 244-297- i Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbinishuda, ki bo taftishi parvanda oid ba jinoyathoi dar qismi 7 moddai mazkur peshbinigardida aloqamand meboshand, az tarafi mufattishoni maqomoti makhsusgardonidashudai muboriza bo korrupsiya guzaronida meshavad.
  9. Taftishi peshakii parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi dar moddahoi 181, 200, 201, 202, 2021, 2022, 2061, 245, 246, 251, 257, 258, 261, 263-268, 273-280, 286-291, 323-325 peshbinishudai Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin jinoyathoe, ki dar qismhoi 2-7 moddai mazkur darj nagardidaand, az tarafi mufattishoni maqomoti korhoi dokhili guzaronida meshavad. Taftishi peshakii parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi dar moddahoi 314, 316, 340, 346, 347, 352, 353 peshbinishudai Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin az tarafi mufattishoni maqomoti korhoi dokhili guzaronida meshavad, ba sharte ki onho bo taftishi parvandahoi digari jinoyatie, ki dar tobeiyati in maqomotand, aloqamand boshand.
  10. Taftishi peshakii parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoe, ki noboligon yo shakhsone sodir kardaand, ki binobar illati jismoni yo ruhi huquqi khudro himoya karda nametavonand, az tarafi mufattishoni maqomoti korhoi dokhili guzaronida meshavad.
  11. Oid ba parvandahoi vobasta bo jinoyathoe, ki moddahoi 200, 201, 202, 2021, 2022, 2061 va 289 (nisbati kontrabandai (qochoqi) mavodi nashaovar, psikhotropi va prekursorho) Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini namudaast, taftishi peshaki inchunin az tarafi mufattishoni Agentii nazorati mavodi nashaovar guzaronida meshavand.
  12. Prokuror bo maqsadi purra, hamatarafa va kholisona anjom dodani tahqiq va taftishi peshaki sarfi nazar az tobeiyati taftish tibqi moddai 168 Kodeksi mazkur huquq dorad har yak parvandai jinoyatiro ba istisnoi parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi khususiyati korrupsionidoshta az yak maqomoti tahqiq yo taftish ba digar maqomoti tahqiq yo taftishot dihad yo tahti taftishi maqomoti prokuratura girad. Agar dar rafti faoliyati maqomoti prokuratura, korhoi dokhili, amniyati milli va nazorati mavodi nashaovar jinoyathoi khususiyati korrupsionidoshta oshkor shavand, prokuror huquq dorad oid ba taftishi onho guruhhoi taftishoti – operativi tasis doda, taftishi peshakii parvandahoi jinoyatiro ba zimmai hamin maqomot suporad. (ЌЉT az 22.07.13s., №983)

 

Moddai 162. Mahalli peshburdi taftishi peshaki

 

  1. Peshburdi taftishi peshaki dar mahalle surat megirad, ki dar on jo jinoyat sodir shudaast.
  2. Bo maqsadi tamini anjomi favri, kholisona va purra mumkin ast peshburdi taftishi peshaki dar joi oshkor shudani jinoyat, inchunin dar mahalli buduboshi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo aksariyati shohidon anjom doda shavad.
  3. Mufattish badi dar tobeiyati taftishii khud nabudani parvandaro muayyan kardan vazifador ast amalhoi takhirnopaziri taftishiro anjom dihad va parvandaro baroi irsol tibqi tobeiyat ba prokuror suporad. Masalai tobeiyati taftishi az tarafi prokurori mahalle, ki dar on jo taftish shuru shudaast, hal karda meshavad.
  4. Hangomi zarurati peshburdi amalhoi taftishi dar mahalli digar mufattish huquq dorad onhoro shakhsan guzaronad yo peshburdi in amalhoro ba mufattish yo maqomoti tahqiqi in mahal suporad. Mufattish huquq dorad guzaronidani chorabinihoi operativi-justujuiro ba maqomoti tahqiqi mahalli taftishi peshaki yo mahalli peshburdi on suporad. Suporishi mufattish boyad dar muhlati na dertar az ponzdah shabonaruz ijro karda shavad. (QJT az 25.03.11s., №692)

 

Moddai 163. Ogozi peshburdi taftishi peshaki

 

  1. Peshburdi taftishi peshaki tanho pas az ogozi parvandai jinoyati va bo tartibi muqarrarkardai Kodeksi mazkur guzaronida meshavad.
  2. Mufattish vazifador ast ba taftishi parvandai ogoz namudaash yo parvandai ba u supurdashuda favran shuru kunad. Mufattish dar borai ba barrasii khud qabul kardani parvanda qaror mebarorad. Agar parvandai jinoyati az jonibi mufattish ogoz yofta, ba peshburdi khud qabul shuda boshad, dar in bora yak qaror barovarda meshavad. Mufattish nuskhai qarorro dar muddati na dertar az 24 soat ba prokuror ravon mekunad.

 

Moddai 164. Muhlati peshburdi taftishi peshaki

 

  1. Peshburdi taftishi peshakii parvandai jinoyati boyad dar muhlati na dertar az du moh az ruzi ogozi parvandai jinoyati anjom doda shavad.
  2. Peshburdi taftishi peshakii parvandahoi jinoyatie, ki tahqiqbaranda meguzaronad, boyad dar muhlati yak moh az ruzi ogozi parvandai jinoyati anjom doda shavad.
  3. Muhlati taftishi peshaki az ruzi ogozi parvanda va to ruzi ba prokuror ravon kardani parvanda bo fikri aybdorkuni yo qaror dar borai ba sud ravon kardani parvandai jinoyati baroi barrasii masalai tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi yo to ruzi barovardani qarori qati parvandai jinoyati ba hisob girifta meshavad.
  4. Ba muhlati peshburdi taftishi peshaki muddate, ki dar davomi on taftishi peshaki tibqi asoshoi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur bozdoshta shuda bud, dokhil karda nameshavad.
  5. Muhlati taftishi peshakii parvandahoi jinoyatii dar qismi 1 hamin modda nishondodashuda az tarafi prokurori nohiya, shahr va prokurorhoi ba onho barobarkardashuda to shash moh, az tarafi Sarprokurori harbi,prokurori Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, viloyatho, shahri Dushanbe va prokurori naqliyoti Tojikiston mumkin ast to yak sol daroz karda shavad. Muhlati taftishi peshakii parvandahoi jinoyati dar shahru nohiyahoi tobei jumhuri az tarafi muovini Prokurori generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston daroz karda meshavad. Muhlati minbadai taftishi peshakii parvandahoi jinoyati az tarafi Prokurori generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston daroz karda meshavad. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755; az 14.03.14 s., № 1067)
  6. Muhlati bo mavodhoi parvandai jinoyati shinos shudani aybdorshavanda va himoyatgari u ba muhlati taftishi peshaki ba hisob girifta nameshavad.

 

 Moddai 165. Anjomi taftishi peshaki

 

Peshburdi taftishi peshaki bo tartib dodani fikri aybdorkuni yo qaror dar borai ba sud ravon kardani parvandai jinoyati baroi tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi yo barovardani qarori qat kardani parvandai jinoyati anjom meyobad.

 

Moddai 166. YAkjoya kardani parvandahoi jinoyati

 

  1. Bo qarori prokuror, inchunin bo qarori mufattish tahqiqbaranda yo tainot va qarori sud, sudya dar yak peshburd mumkin ast parvandaho oid ba aybdorkunii chandin shakhs dar sodir namudani yak yo yakchand jinoyat dar shariki, parvandaho oid ba aybdorkunii yak  shakhs dar sodir namudani chandin jinoyat,  inchunin oid ba aybdorkuni dar  pinhon kardani in jinoyatho be vadai peshaki yo khabar nadodan dar borai onho yakjoya karda shavand.
  2. YAkjoya kardani parvandahoi jinoyatie, ki tibqi on yak shakhs ham aybdorshavanda va ham jabrdida meboshad, ba gayr az parvandahoi aybdorkunii khususi, ijozat doda nameshavad.
  3. Muhlati peshburdi parvandai jinoyatie, ki dar on yakchand parvandai jinoyati yakjoya karda shudaast, az ruzi ogozi parvandae ba hisob girifta meshavad, ki avval ogoz shudaast. Ba muhlati umumii taftishoti parvandahoi yakjoya kardashuda tamomi vaqti voqeii taqvimie, ki ba peshburdi on sarf shudaast, dokhil karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 167. Judo kardani parvandahoi jinoyati yo mavod

 

  1. Tahqiqbaranda, mufattish yo prokuror dar jarayoni peshburdi parvandai jinoyati huquq dorand dar holathoi zaruri qismi onro nisbat ba shakhsoni zerin ba peshburdi alohida judo kunand:

–  aybdorshavandae, ki mahalli zistash nomalum ast;

– aybdorshavandae, ki ba bemorii vaznin giriftor ast;

– aybdorshavandai nobolig, ki dar yak parvandai jinoyati yakjoya bo shakhsi bolig ba javobgarii jinoyati kashida shudaast.

  1. Oid ba parvandahoi bisyorlahza bo nazardoshti muqarraroti qonun dar borai tobeiyati sudii parvandai jinoyati prokuror, mufattish, tahqiqbaranda huquq dorand hangomi nisbat ba shakhsi alohida ba baze holathoi aybdorkuni kifoya etirof kardani dalelhoi jamovarishuda baroi tartib dodani fikri aybdorkuni va ba sud firistodani parvanda doir ba hamin holatho qaror qabul namoyand. Qaror dar borai judo kardan va taftishi parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi digar (lahzaho) mutobiqi Kodeksi mazkur qabul karda meshavad. Judo kardani parvanda ba sharte mumkin ast, ki on ba taftishi hamajoniba va kholisonai parvandai tahti peshburd qarordoshta tasir narasonad.
  2. Parvandai jinoyati oid ba jinoyati shakhsi digar sodirkardae, ki dar jarayoni taftishi jinoyat malum gardida, ba kirdori oid ba parvandai taftishshavanda marbuti aybdorshavanda donistashuda aloqamand nest, boyad baroi peshburdi alohida judo karda shavad.  Dar chunin holatho az parvandai jinoyati  mavode, ki baroi ogoz kardan va taftishi parvandai jinoyati dar borai jinoyati oshkorshuda zarur   meboshad, judo karda shudanash mumkin ast.
  3. Judo kardani parvanda yo mavod bo qarori maqomoti tahqiq, mufattish yo prokuror, bo qaror yo tainoti sud anjom doda meshavad. Ba parvandai judokardashuda boyad nomgui mavodi dar shakli asl yo nuskhai on judokardashuda zamima gardad.
  4. Muhlati taftishi peshakii parvandai judo kardashuda az ruzi qabuli qarori dakhldor ba hisob girifta meshavad, ba sharte ki parvanda ba jinoyati nav yo nisbat ba shakhsi digar judo karda shavad. Dar holathoi digar muhlat az lahzai ogozi parvandai jinoyatii asosi ba hisob girifta meshavad.

 

Moddai 1671. Barqaror namudani parvandai jinoyati

 

  1. Barqaror namudani parvandai jinoyatii nobud yo gumshuda va yo qismi mavodi on hangomi peshburdi taftishi peshaki va tahqiq bo qarori prokuror amali karda meshavad. Dar holati nobud yo gum shudani parvandai jinoyaty va yo qismi mavodi on dar rafti peshburdi sudi barqaror namudani onho, bo qarori sud amali gardida, baroi ijro ba prokuror irsol karda meshavad.
  2. Parvandai jinoyatii nobud yo gumshuda az rui nuskhahoi nigohdoshtashudai mavodi parvandai jinoyati, ki bo tartibi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur dalel etirof karda meshavand, inchunin bo rohi guzaronidani amalhoi taftishi barqaror karda meshavad.
  3. Muhlathoi tahqiq, taftishi peshakii parvandai jinoyati va dar habs nigoh doshtani aybdorshavanda hangomi barqaror namudani parvandai jinoyati bo tartibi muqarrarkardai moddahoi 112, 155 va 164 Kodeksi mazkur hisob karda meshavand.
  4. Agar az rui parvandai jinoyatii nobud yo gumshuda haddi nihoii muhlati dar habs nigoh doshtan guzashta boshad, aybdorshavanda boyad favran ozod karda shavad (QJT az 15.03.16 s., №1275).

 

Moddai 168. Vakolathoi prokuror oid ba nazorati ijroi qonunho hangomi tahqiq va taftishi parvandai  jinoyati

 

  1. Prokuror nazorati ijroi qonunhoro hangomi tahqiq va taftishi parvandai jinoyati amali namuda, dar doirai salohiyati khud:

– ijroi talaboti qonunro hangomi qabul, baqaydgiri va barrasii ariza va ittiloot dar khususi jinoyat nazorat mekunad;

– hangomi peshburdi tahqiq va taftishi peshaki ijroi talaboti qonunro sanjida, dar ayni zamon huquq dorad az maqomoti taftishoti peshaki va tahqiq parvandahoi jinoyati, hujjatho, mavod va malumoti digarro dar khususi jinoyathoi sodirshuda, jarayoni tahqiq va taftish, guzaronidani chorabinihoi operativi-justujui talab kunad; (QJT az 25.03.11s., №692)

– ba tahqiqbaranda, mufattish baroi ba sud darkhost peshnihod namudan dar borai tatbiqi chorai peshgiri ba tariqi ba habs giriftan, ba habsi khonagi giriftan, az jumla, dar borai tagyir dodan va bekor kardani onho rozigi dihad;

– ba tahqiqbaranda va mufattish baroi ba sud peshnihod namudani darkhost oid ba habsi murosiloti pochta, khabarhoi telegrafi va khabarhoi digare, ki tavassuti shabakahoi aloqai barqi va aloqai pochta intnqol meshavand, aznazarguzaroni, yofta giriftani onho az muassisahoi aloqai pochta yo shabakahoi aloqai barqi, gush kardan va sabti guftugui telefoni va digar guftuguho rozigi dihad; (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)

– dar peshburdi taftishi peshaki ishtirok namuda, dar holathoi zaruri shakhsan amali taftishiro anjom medihad, oid ba har yak parvanda dar hajmi purra taftishi hamajonibai peshaki meguzaronad;

– dar holathoi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur qaror yo amali mufattish va tahqiqbarandaro tasdiq mekunad;

–  muhlati tahqiq va taftishi peshakiro daroz mekunad;

– arizai oid ba raddi tahqiqbaranda va mufattish, inchunin prokurori poyoniro barrasi mekunad;

– dar borai amal va qarori tahqiqbaranda va mufattish, inchunin prokurori poyoni shikoyathoro barrasi mekunad;

– dar khususi ijroi talaboti qonun va taftishi parvandahoi jinoyati dasturhoi khatti medihad;

– parvandai  jinoyati ogoz mekunad yo ogozi onro rad mekunad;

– peshburdi  parvandai jinoyatiro qat mekunad yo bozmedorad;

– oid ba qati parvandai jinoyati az jonibi mufattish yo maqomoti tahqiq dar holathoi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur rozigi medihad;

– qarorhoi gayriqonunii tahqiqbaranda, maqomoti tahqiq, mufattish  va prokurori poyoniro bekor mekunad;

– ba maqomoti tahqiq dar borai anjom dodani amali taftishi suporish medihad;

– dar borai guzaronidani chorabinihoi operativi-justujui baroi oshkor kardani jinoyat va paydo kardani shakhsoni jinoyat sodirkarda doir ba parvandahoe, ki tahti peshburdi prokuror yo mufattish qaror dorad, dastur medihad; (QJT az 25.03.11s., №692)

– bo dasturi khud dar khususi peshburdi taftishi ilovagi parvandahoi jinoyatiro ba mufattish yo maqomoti tahqiq barmegardonad;

– parvandaro az maqomoti tahqiq girifta, ba mufattish mesuporad;

– parvandaro bo њatman nishon dodani asos tibќi tartibi peshbininaiudai moddai 161 Kodeksi mazkur az yak mufattish girifta, ba mufattishi digar yo az yak maqomoti taftishot ba maqomoti digari taftishot mesuporad; (QJT az 22.07.13s., №983)

– tahqiqbaranda yo mufattishro, ki hangomi taftishi parvanda qonunro vayron karda boshand, az peshburdi minbadai taftish dur mesozad;

– fikri aybdorkuniro tasdiq mekunad;

– parvandaro ba sud irsol mekunad;

– digar vakolathoi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkurro anjom medihad.

  1. Ijroi dasturhoi prokuror baroi mufattish, maqomoti tahqiq va tahqiqbaranda, ki bo tartibi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur doda shudaand, hatmi meboshad.

 

Moddai 169. Peshburdi taftishi peshaki az jonibi guruhi mufattishon

 

Agar parvandai jinoyati murakkab yo kalonhajm boshad, taftishi peshakiashro ba guruhi mufattishon (guruhi taftishot) suporidan mumkin ast va in holat dar qarori ogozi parvandai jinoyati zikr megardad yo qarori alohida qabul karda meshavad. Dar in khusus prokuror, sardori vohidi taftishot yo rohbari makomoti makhsusgardonidashudai muboriza bo korrupsiya huquq dorand, qaror qabul kunand. Dar qaror boyad hamai mufattishone, ki peshburdi taftish ba onho suporida shudaast, az on jumla rohbari guruh nishon doda shavand. Gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onho boyad bo qarori taftishi parvanda az jonibi guruhi mufattishon shinos karda, huquqi onho dar borai rad namudani har yak mufattish az hayati guruh fahmonda shavad. Prokuror oid ba peshburdi taftishi peshakii parvandahoi jinoyati, novobasta az tobeiyati taftishotii onho, guruhhoi taftishoti – operativi tasis doda, taftishi parvandaro ba zimmai maqomoti prokuratura, korhoi dokhili, amniyati milli, maqomi makhsusgardonidashudai muboriza bo korrupsiya yo nazorati mavodi nashaovar mesuporad. (QJT az 22.07.13s., №983)

 

Moddai 170. Vakolati rohbari guruhi taftishot

 

  1. Rohbari guruhi taftishot parvandai jinoyatiro ba peshburdi khud qabul karda, faoliyati guruhi taftishotro tashkil namuda, ba amali mufattishoni digar rohbari mekunad.
  2. Qarori yakjoya yo judo kardani parvanda, ogoz kardani darkhost dar khususi daroz kardani muhlati taftish, ba sifati chorai peshgiri tatbiq namudani bahabsgiri, habsi khonagi va daroz kardani muhlati onho, inchunin garav va muvaqqatan dur kardani aybdorshavanda az vazifa, qat kardani parvandai jinoyati dar majmu yo qisman bozdoshtani on yo az nav shuru kardani peshburdi parvanda tanho az jonibi rohbari guruhi taftishot qabul karda meshavad.
  3. Fikri aybdorkuni yo qaror dar borai ba sud ravon kardani parvanda baroi barrasii masalai tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi az jonibi rohbari guruhi taftishot tahiya megardad.
  4. Rohbari guruhi taftishot huquq dorad:

– dar amali taftishie, ki digar mufattishon anjom medihand, ishtirok namoyad;

– shakhsan taftish guzaronad;

– oid ba parvanda qaror qabul kunad.

 

Moddai 171. Qoidahoi umumii peshburdi amali taftishi

 

  1. Mufattish ba taftishot shakhsoni peshbinikardai Kodeksi mazkurro jalb namuda, shakhsiyati onhoro muayyan mekunad, ba onho huquq va uhdadoriho, inchunin tartibi peshburdi taftishro mefahmonad.
  2. Peshburdi amali taftishi ba istisnoi holathoi takhirnopazir shabona man ast.
  3. Hangomi peshburdi amali taftishi mumkin ast vositahoi tekhniki, usulhoi ilman asosnoki oshkorkuni, baqaydgiriyu sabt va yofta giriftani izhoi jinoyat va dalelhoi shayi istifoda shavand.
  4. Hangomi peshburdi amali taftishi tatbiqi zurovari, tahdid va digar chorahoi gayriqonuni, hamchunin ba vujud ovardani khavf baroi hayot va salomatii shakhsoni dar on shirkatkunanda mumkin nest.
  5. Dar holathoi peshbinikardai moddai 35 Kodeksi mazkur amali taftishi dar asosi qarori sud anjom doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 172. Protokoli amali taftishi

 

  1. Protokoli amali taftishi dar jarayoni peshburdi taftish yo bevosita badi anjom on tartib doda meshavad. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)
  2. Protokolro dasti navishtan, dar moshinka chop kardan yo ba tarzi kompyuteri tartib dodan mumkin ast. Baroi mukammal tahiya namudani protokol mumkin ast sabthoi stenografi, sabti ovoz va video istifoda shavand. Sabti stenografi, mavodi sabti ovoz va video yakjoya bo parvanda nigoh doshta meshavand.
  3. Dar protokol inho inikos meyoband:

– mahal (joy) va sanai peshburdi amali taftishi;

– vaqti ogoz va anjomi on;

– vazifa va nomu nasabi shakhsi tartibdihandai protokol;

– nom, nomi padari har shakhse, ki dar amali taftishi ishtirok namudaast, inchunin surogai u;

– amali murofiavi bo hamon tartibe, ki onho joy doshtand;

– holathoi hangomi guzaronidani murofia oshkorshudai baroi parvanda muhim;

– arzi shakhsoni dar peshburdi amali taftishi ishtirokdoshta.

  1. Agar hangomi peshburdi amali taftishi aksbardori, sabti ovoz va video tatbiq shuda boshad yo qolabgiri va naqshgiri az iz anjom doda shuda, naqshayu tarh kashida shuda boshad, pas dar protokol vositahoi tekhnikie, ki hangomi anjom dodani amali dakhldori taftishi ba kor burda shudaand, shart va tartibi tatbiqi onho, obekthoe, ki nisbati onho in vositaho tatbiq shudaand va natijahoi ba dast omada boyad inikos gardand. Dar protokol ba gayr az on boyad sabt gardad, ki oyo qabl az tatbiqi vositahoi tekhniki dar in bora shakhsoni dar peshburdi amali taftishi ishtirokdoshta ogoh karda shuda budand yo ne.
  2. Protokol baroi shinosoi ba hamai shakhsone, ki dar peshburdi amali taftishi ishtirok doshtand, peshnihod karda meshavad. Ba onho huquqi erodgiri, ki ba protokol boyad dokhil karda shavad, fahmonda meshavad. Tamomi erodu ilovaho va islohoti ba protokol dokhil kardashuda, boyad peshaki muvofiqa va bo imzoi in shakhson tasdiq karda shavand.
  3. Har yak sahifai protokol az jonibi mufattish, shakhsi pursidashuda, tarjumon, mutakhassis, shakhsoni kholis va digar shakhsoni ishtirokchii amali taftishi imzo karda meshavad.
  4. Ba protokol negativhoi aks, surat, diapozitiv, kasseta, sabti ovoz va video, naqshayu tarh va skhema, qolab, izu pay, ki hangomi peshburdi amali taftishi anjom doda shudaast, zamima megardand.
  5. Hangomi mavjud budani asos baroi ehtimoli on, ki tamini amniyati jabrdida, namoyandai u, shohid va azoi oilai onho zarur ast, mufattish huquq dorad dar protokoli amali taftishi, ki dar on jabrdida, namoyandai u va shohid ishtirok dorand, malumotro dar borai shakhsiyati onho zikr nakunad. Dar in surat mufattish vazifador ast qarore barorad, ki dar on sababi dar khususi makhfi nigoh doshtani malumot oid ba shakhsiyati ishtirokchii amali taftishi qabul kardani qarorro zikr namuda, namunai imzoro, ki vay dar protokoli amali taftishi bo ishtiroki u az on istifoda mebarad, sabt kunad. Qaror dar lifofai muhrshuda nigoh doshta meshavad, ki bo mazmuni on ba gayr az mufattish, prokurori nazoratkunanda‚ hayati sud yo sudya shinos shuda metavonand. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)

 

Moddai 173. Tasdiqi voqeiyati  dast kashidan az imzo yo gayriimkon budani imzoi protokoli amali taftishi

  1. Agar gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, shohid yo shakhsi digar imzoi protokoli amali taftishiro rad kunad, dar in bora dar protokol sabt va bo imzoi shakhse, ki amali taftishiro anjom dodaast, tasdiq karda meshavad.
  2. Ba shakhse, ki imzoguzorii protokolro rad kardaast, boyad imkoniyat faroham ovard, ki u sababi onro sharh dihad va sharhi u ba protokol dokhil karda meshavad.
  3. Agar gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, jabrdida yo  shohid  bo  sababi kambudii jismoni yo vazi salomati protokoli pursishro imzo karda natavonand, mufattish shakhsi begonaro davat mekunad va u bo rozigii shakhsi pursidashuda durustii sabti nishondodi uro bo imzoi khud tasdiq mekunad. In protokolro inchunin mufattishe, ki pursish kardaast, imzo meguzorad. Agar bo hamin sababho yake az shakhsoni dar qismi 1 hamin modda zikrgardida protokoli amali digari taftishiro imzo karda natavonad, on dar protokol zikr yofta, bo imzoi mufattish va shakhsoni kholis tasdiq karda meshavad.

Moddai 174. Hatmi budani fahmondan va tamini huquqi ishtirokchiyoni murofiai jinoyati

 

Mufattish vazifador ast ba gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, inchunin jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani  va namoyandagoni onho, inchunin shakhsoni digari ishtirokchii peshburdi amali taftishi huquqi har kadomi onhoro fahmonda, imkoniyati tatbiqi huquqhoyashonro hangomi tahqiqi parvanda tamin namoyad. Hamzamon ba onho boyad uhdadorihoyashon va oqibati ijro nakardani onho fahmonda shavand.

 

Moddai 175. Hatmi budani barrasii darkhost

 

  1. Mufattish vazifador ast, tamomi darkhosthoi oid ba parvanda arzshudaro barrasi kunad. Dar ayni zamon u huquq nadorad darkhosti gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, himoyatgari onho, inchunin jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onhoro dar khususi pursishi shohidon, peshburdi ekspertiza va digar amali taftishi rad namoyad, agar holathoe, ki baroi muqarrar namudanashon onho darkhost dodaand, baroi parvanda ahamiyatnok boshand.
  2. Dar borai natijahoi barrasii darkhost dar muhlati na beshtar az panj shabonaruz ba arizadihanda khabar doda meshavad. Hangomi purra yo qisman rad kardani qonegardonii darkhost mufattish vazifador ast bo zikri sababhoi rad qaror barorad.

 

Moddai 176. CHorahoi parastori nisbati kudak, muhtojon va hifzi molu mulki gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavanda

 

  1. Agar dastgirshuda yo ba sifati chorai peshgiri tahti habs qarordoshta farzandoni noboligi biduni sarparast yo gamkhor, padaru modari pironsol yo digar shakhsoni ehtiyojmand doshta boshand, mufattish vazifador ast onhoro baroi parastori ba padaru modar yo digar shakhson suporad yo dar muassisahoi baroi kudakoni be parastormonda yo ijtimoi (muassisahoi tarbiyavi, tabobati, hifzi ijtimoii aholi va muassisahoi digar) joygir kunad.
  2. Mufattish vazifador ast baroi hifzi molu mulk va manzili gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavandai dastgirshuda yo ba habs giriftashuda tibqi qonunguzori choraho andeshad.
  3. Dar borai chorahoi parastori va hifzi molu mulk gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavanda ogoh karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 177. Noravoii fosh kardani malumoti taftishi  peshaki

 

  1. Malumoti taftishi peshakiro tanho bo ijozati shakhsi peshbarandai taqibi jinoyati va ba andozae, ki u imkonpazir medonad, fosh kardan mumkin ast.
  2. Dar holathoi zaruri shakhsi peshbarandai taqibi jinoyati mufattish, shohid, jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani, korshinos, mutakhassis, tarjumon, shakhsoni kholis va shakhsoni digari hangomi peshburdi amali taftishi ishtirokdoshtaro dar borai noravoii fosh kardani malumoti taftishi peshaki be ijozati u ogoh mesozad. Az shakhsoni zikrshuda dar khususi ogoh karda shudanashon oid ba javobgarii peshbinikardai moddai 361 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston zabonkhat girifta meshavad.

 

Moddai 178. Peshnihod oid ba rafi holathoe, ki ba sodir shudani jinoyat va digar qonunshikaniho musoidat mekunand

 

  1. Mufattish hangomi peshburdi parvanda holathoero, ki ba sodir shudani jinoyat musoidat mekunand, muqarrar namuda, huquq dorad ba tashkilot, muassisai dakhldor sarfi nazar az shaklhoi tashkiliyu huquqi yo shakhsi mansabdori dakhldor dar borai andeshidani choraho baroi rafi in holatho yo digar qonunshikaniho peshnihod ravon kunad.
  2. Peshnihod boyad dar muddati yak moh barrasi karda, az natijai chorahoi andeshidashuda hatman ba maqomoti peshnihod irsolnamuda khabar doda shavad.

 

Moddai 179. Ishtiroki mutakhassis

 

  1. Mufattish huquq dorad baroi ishtirok dar peshburdi amali taftishi mutakhassisero, ki ba natijahoi parvanda manfiatdor nest, jalb namoyad. Talabi mufattish dar khususi davati mutakhassis baroi rohbari korkhona, muassisa yo tashkilote, ki mutakhassis dar on kor mekunad, hatmi meboshad.
  2. Pesh az ogozi amali taftishi mufattish ba shakhsiyat va salohiyatmandii mutakhassis bovari hosil namuda, munosibati uro nisbat ba gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda va jabrdida muayyan mekunad, ba mutakhassis huquq va uhdadorihoyashro, ki moddai 57 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini kardaast, fahmonda, oid ba javobgarii peshbinikardai hamin modda baroi rad kardan yo sarkashi az ijroi uhdadorihoyash uro dar in bora ogoh mesozad va dar in khusus dar protokoli amali taftishi zikr namuda, onro bo imzoi mutakhassis tasdiq mekunad.

 

Moddai 180. Ishtiroki tarjumon

 

  1. Dar holathoi peshbininamudai qismi 2 moddai 18 Kodeksi mazkur mufattish hangomi pursish yo digar amali taftishi vazifador ast tarjumonro davat kunad.
  2. Pesh az ogozi amali taftishie, ki dar on tarjumon ishtirok mekunad, mufattish huquq va uhdadorihoi uro, ki moddai 59 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini namudaast, fahmonda, uro oid ba javobgarii muqarrarnamudai hamin modda hangomi sarkashi az hozirshavi yo ijroi uhdadori, inchunin dar borai javobgarii jinoyati baroi didayu donista nodurust tarjuma kardan ogoh mesozad va inro dar protokoli amali taftishi zikr namuda, bo imzoi tarjumon tasdiq mekunad.

 

Moddai 181. Ishtiroki shakhsoni kholis

 

  1. Dar holathoi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur taftish bo ishtiroki na kamtar az du shakhsi kholis, ki baroi tasdiqi voqeiyati peshburdi amali taftish, jarayon va natijahoi on davat meshavand, anjom mepazirad.
  2. Pesh az ogozi taftish mufattish ba shakhsoni kholis maqsadi amali taftishi, huquq va uhdadorihoi onhoro, ki moddai 60 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini kardaast, fahmonda medihad.

 

BOBI 21. AZNAZARGUZARONI, SHAHODATKUNONI, OZMOISHI (EKSPERIMENTI) TAFTISHI

 

Moddai 182. Asos baroi peshburdi aznazarguzaroni

 

  1. Aznazarguzaronii joi hodisa, mahal, bino, asbobu anjom va hujjatho bo maqsadi oshkor kardani osori jinoyat va digar obekthoi moddi, muayyan kardani digar holathoi baroi parvanda ahamiyatnok anjom doda meshavad.
  2. Dar mavridhoi takhirnopazir aznazarguzaronii joi hodisaro to ogozi parvandai jinoyati anjom dodan mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 183. Tartibi peshburdi aznazarguzaroni

 

  1. Aznazarguzaroni bo ishtiroki shakhsoni kholis surat megirad. Dar holathoi istisno (dar mahalhoi dushvorguzar, hangomi mavjud nabudani vositahoi dakhldori ittiloot, inchunin dar holathoe, ki aznazarguzaroni baroi hayot va salomatii odamon khavfnok boshad) aznazarguzaroni biduni shakhsoni kholis anjom doda meshavad.
  2. Mufattish va tahqiqbaranda huquq dorand baroi ishtirok dar aznazarguzaroni aybdorshavanda, gumonbarshuda, jabrdida, shohid, inchunin mutakhassisro jalb namoyand.
  3. Dar holathoi zaruri hangomi aznazarguzaroni andozagiri, aksbardori, sabti ovoz, ba navori video giriftan, naqshakashi va tarhrezi anjom doda meshavad. Qolab va nuskhai izho bardoshta meshavand va dar surati imkonpaziri khudi iz yakjoya bo asbobu anjom yo yak qismi on bo istifoda az vositayu usulhoi tekhnikii ijozatdodai qonun girifta meshavad.
  4. Aznazarguzaronii izho va digar obekthoi moddii oshkorshuda dar mahalli peshburdi amali taftishi anjom doda meshavad. Agar baroi aznazarguzaroni muhlati ziyod lozim boshad yo aznazarguzaroni dar joyi muayyanshuda nihoyat dushvor boshad, obektho boyad girifta, pechonda va muhr zada, biduni rasonidani oseb ba joyi digari baroi aznazarguzaroni musoid ovarda meshavand.
  5. Hamai chizhoi hangomi aznazarguzaroni oshkorgardida va giriftashuda boyad ba shakhsoni kholis, digar ishtirokchiyoni aznazarguzaroni nishon doda shavand.
  6. Tanho obekthoe girifta meshavand, ki ba parvanda dakhl dorand. Obekthoi giriftashuda bastuband va muhr karda, bo imzoi mufattish va shakhsoni kholis tasdiq karda meshavand.
  7. Ishtirokchiyoni aznazarguzaroni huquq dorand tavajjuhi mufattishro ba hamai on chize, ki ba aqidai onho, metavonad ba daqiq sokhtani holathoi parvanda musoidat namoyad, jalb kunand.
  8. Hangomi aznazarguzaronii manzili istiqomati boyad hozir budani shakhsi boligi maskuni on tamin karda shavad. Dar surati imkonnopazirii hozir shudani u namoyandagoni tashkiloti manziliyu kommunali yo mamuriyati mahalli davat karda meshavand va aznazarguzaronii manzil bo rioyai talaboti moddai 13 Kodeksi mazkur amali megardad. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)
  9. Aznazarguzaroni dar binoi korkhona, tashkilot va muassisaho bo ishtiroki namoyandagoni onho va maqomoti khudidorai mahalli anjom doda meshavad.
  10. Aznazarguzaroni dar binohoe, ki namoyandagihoi diplomati joygir shudaand, hamchunin dar binohoe, ki azoi namoyandagii diplomati va oilai onho istiqomat mekunand, tanho bo khohish yo rizoi namoyandai diplomati va dar huzuri onho anjom doda meshavad. Rizoi namoyandai diplomati ba vositai Vazorati korhoi khorijii Jumhurii Tojikiston girifta meshavad. Hangomi aznazarguzaroni ishtiroki prokuror va namoyandai Vazorati korhoi khorijii Jumhurii Tojikiston hatmist.

 

Moddai 184. Aznazarguzaronii jasad, eksgumatsiya

 

  1. Mufattish aznazarguzaronii zohirii jasadro dar joyi oshkor namudani on bo ishtiroki shakhsoni kholis va korshinosi sudii tibbi va agar ishtiroki u imkonnopazir boshad bo ishtiroki dukhturi digar anjom medihad.
  2. Jasadhoi shinokhtanashuda boyad hatman aksbardori va daktiloskopiya karda shavand.
  3. Hangomi zarurati az joi dafn (gur) jihati aznazarguzaroni berun ovardani jasad mufattish qaror mebarorad. Ijroi qaror dar borai az joi dafn (gur) berun ovardani jasad (eksgumatsiya) baroi mamuriyati qabriston va kheshovandoni nazdiki favtida hatmi meboshad.
  4. Berun ovardani jasad az joi dafn va aznazarguzaronii on bo ishtiroki shakhsoni dar qismi 1 hamin modda zikrshuda surat megirad.

 

Moddai 185. Aznazarguzaroni va nigahdoshti dalelhoi shayi

 

  1. Ashyoe, ki mutobiqi moddai 78 Kodeksi mazkur daleli shayi ba hisob rafta, hangomi aznazarguzaronii joi hodisa yo bino oshkor shudaast, hangomi peshburdi koftukov, yofta giriftan, ozmoishi taftishi yo amali digari taftishi girifta shudaast yo bo talabi mufattish korkhonaho, tashkilotho, muassisaho va shahrvandon peshnihod kardaand, boyad tibqi qoidahoi moddai 183 Kodeksi mazkur az nazar guzaronida shavand.
  2. Dar borai daleli shayi etirof namudani ashyo va ba parvanda zamima kardani on mufattish qaror mebarorad. Dar hamon qaror boyad masalai ba parvanda khamroh kardani daleli shayi yo ba moliki on yo ba shakhsoni digar yo ba tashkilot baroi nigohdosht suporidani on hal karda shavad.
  3. Agar ashyo vobasta ba kalonhajm budan yo digar sababho ba parvanda hamroh karda nashavad, on boyad aksbardori shuda, az rui imkon muhrguzori va dar joi muayyannamudai mufattish hifz gardad. Dar borai joi nigahdoshti daleli shayi dar parvanda boyad malumotnomai dakhldor mavjud boshad.
  4. Daleli shayii zud nobudshavanda, ba sharte ki onro ba molikash bargardonidan imkonnopazir boshad, ba muassisai dakhldor baroi tibqi tainot istifoda burdan supurda meshavad. Hangomi mavjud budani asos ba ivazi on ba molik hamon guna chizi doroi hamon guna sifat bargardonida va yo arzishi on pardokht meshavad.
  5. Dar holathoi bo asoshoi peshbininamudai sarkhathoi yakum va duyumi qismi 1 moddai 230 Kodeksi mazkur bozdoshta shudani taftishi peshakii parvandahoi jinoyati vobasta ba malumoti gayriqonunii vositahoi nashador va moddahoi psikhotropi ba miqdori kalon yo makhsusan kalon, dar asosi qarori mufattish va bo rozigii prokuror, bo ishtiroki hatmii mutakhassis va shakhsoni kholis bo tatbiqi sabti video va aksbardori az hajmi umumii dalelhoi shayi baroi hamroh namudan ba parvandai jinoyati namunaho mutanosiban ba andozai na kamtar az haddi ibtidoii miqdori kalon yo makhsusan kaloni vositahoi nashador va moddahoi psikhotropi, ki dar zamimai 1 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini shudaand, judo karda girifta meshavand. Qismi boqimondai vositahoi nashador va moddahoi psikhotropi tibqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston va tartibi muqarrarnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston nobud karda meshavad. (QJT az 1.08.12s., № 878)
  6. Hangomi qat kardani parvandai jinoyati dar marhilai taftish masalai dalelhoi shayi tibqi qoidahoi qismi 3 moddai 78 Kodeksi mazkur hal karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 186. SHahodatkunoni

 

  1. Baroi dar badani inson oshkor kardani nishonahoi makhsus, osori jinoyat, zakhmhoi jismoni, muayyan kardani holati masti yo digar khususiyat va alomathoe, ki baroi parvanda muhimand, ba sharte ki on muoina kardan (ekspertiza)-ro taqozo nakunad, mumkin ast, shahodatkunonii gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, jabrdida yo shohid ba jo ovarda shavad. Dar borai guzaronidani  shahodatkunoni mufattish qaror mebarorad.
  2. Qarori guzaronidani shahodatkunoni baroi gumonbarshuda va aybdorshavanda hatmist.
  3. SHahodatkunoni az jonibi mufattish bo ishtiroki shakhsoni kholis, dar mavridhoi zaruri boshad, bo ishtiroki dukhtur ba jo ovarda meshavad. Dar holathoe, ki in amali taftishi bo barahna kardani shakhsi muoinashavanda aloqamand boshad, muoina bo ishtiroki shakhsoni kholisi hamjins anjom doda meshavad.
  4. Mufattish hangomi muoinai shakhsi jinsi digar ishtirok namekunad, ba sharte ki on bo barahna kardani shakhs aloqamand boshad. Dar in surat muoina az jonibi dukhtur bo ishtiroki shakhsoni hamjinsi kholis anjom doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 187. Protokoli aznazarguzaroni va shahodatkunoni

 

  1. Mufattish dar borai aznazarguzaroni va shahodatkunoni bo rioyai talaboti moddahoi 172 va 173 Kodeksi mazkur protokol tartib medihad.
  2. Dar protokol hamai amalhoi mufattish, dar barobari on tamomi obekthoi hangomi aznazarguzaroni va shahodatkunoni oshkorgardida bo hamon paydarhamie, ki aznazarguzaroni va shahodatkunoni surat girifta bud va dar hamon shakle, ki obekti oshkorgardida dar lahzai aznazarguzaroni va shahodatkunoni mushohida shudaast, darj megardad. Dar protokol hamai obekthoi hangomi aznazarguzaroni va shahodatkunoni giriftashuda nombar va darj karda meshavand.
  3. Dar protokol ba gayr az on boyad chunin nuqtaho zikr karda shavand:

– dar kadom vaqt, dar chi khel havo, dar chi khel rushnoi aznazarguzaroni va shahodatkunoni surat girift;

– kadom vositahoi tekhniki tatbiq shud va natijahoi on chi guna ast;

– kiho ba aznazarguzaroni va yo shahodatkunoni jalb shudand va mohiyati ishtiroki onho az chi iborat ast;

– kadom obektho muhr zada shudaand va bo kadom muhr;

– jasad yo ashyohoe, ki baroi parvanda ahamiyatnokand, pas az shahodatkunoni ba kujo ravona karda shudaand.

 

Moddai 188. Ozmoishi (eksperimenti) taftishi

 

  1. Bo maqsadi ozmoish va aniq namudani malumote, ki baroi parvanda ahamiyatnokand, mufattish huquq dorad bo rohi az nav takror namudani amaliyot, vaz yo holathoi digari hodisai muayyan kardan va anjom dodani amali zarurii tajribavi ozmoishi (eksperimenti) taftishiro anjom dihad. Dar ayni zamon imkoniyati darki yagon dalel, anjom dodani harakati muayyan, farorasii yagon voqea sanjida shuda, inchunin paydarhamii hodisai rukhdoda va tariqi ba vujud omadani izho sanjida meshavad. Ozmoishi taftishi ba sharte ijozat doda meshavad, ki on ba salomatii ishtirokchiyonash khavfnok naboshad.
  2. Hangomi ozmoishi taftishi boyad shakhsoni kholis ishtirok doshta boshand. Dar surati zarurat baroi ishtirok dar ozmoishi taftishi mumkin ast gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, jabrdida, shohid, inchunin mutakhassis, korshinos, shakhsone, ki amaliyoti tajribaviro anjom medihand, jalb karda shavand. Ba ishtirokchiyoni ozmoishi taftishi maqsad va tartibi guzaronidani on fahmonda meshavad.
  3. Dar holathoi zaruri, hangomi ozmoishi taftishi andozagiri, aksbardori, sabti ovoz va video anjom doda, naqshaho va tarhho tahiya karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 189. Protokoli ozmoishi taftishi

 

  1. Dar khususi guzaronidani ozmoishi taftishi mufattish bo rioyai talaboti moddahoi 172-173 Kodeksi mazkur protokol tartib medihad.
  2. Dar protokol sharoit, jarayon va natijahoi ozmoishi taftishi mufassal inikos gardida, inho zikr meshavand:

– bo kadom maqsad‚ kay va dar kujo va dar kadom sharoit ozmoish guzaronida shud;

– aynan takror kardani vaziyat va holati hodisa dar chi mushakhkhas ayon gardid;

– kadom harakathoi tajribavi, bo kadom paydarhami, az jonibi ki va chand marotiba anjom doda shud;

– natijahoi ba dast omada chi gunaand.

 

BOBI 22. KOFTUKOV, YOFTA GIRIFTAN, HABSI MUROSILOTI POCHTA, HABARHOI TELEGRAFI VA HABARHOI DIGARE, KI TAVASSUTI SHABAQAHOI ALOQAI BARQI VA ALOQAI POCHTA INTIQOL MESHAVAND, GUSH KARDAN VA SABTI GUFTUGUI TELEFONI

 

Moddai 190. Asosho baroi guzaronidani koftukov

 

  1. Baroi koftukov mavjud budani malumoti kofi dar borai takhmini on ki dar yagon bino yo yagon joy yo dar yagon shakhs mumkin ast oloti jinoyat, ashyoho, hujjatho yo chizhoi arzishmandi baroi parvanda ahamiyatnok mavjud boshad, asos megardad.
  2. Koftukov inchunin mumkin ast bo maqsadi oshkor namudani shakhsi justujushavanda va jasad guzaronida shavad.

 

Moddai 191. Asosho baroi daryoft kardan

 

Hangomi zarurati daryofti ashyoho yo hujjathoi muayyan, ki baroi parvanda ahamiyat dorand, ba sharte ki dar kujo va dar dasti ki budani onho malum boshad, koftukov va daryofti onho guzaronida meshavad.

 

Moddai 192. Tartibi anjom dodani koftukov va daryoft kardan

 

  1. Koftukov va daryoft kardan bo qarori asosnok az jonibi tahqiqbaranda, mufattish yo prokuror bo ijozati sud, sudya guzaronida meshavad.
  2. Koftukov va daryofti hujjathoi doroi sirri davlati yo digar sirri qonunan hifzshuda boyad az jonibi sud, sudya ijozat doda shavad.
  3. Dar holathoi istisno, hangomi mavjud budani khavfi voqei, ki obekti justujushavanda va yo daryoftashavanda az sababi sari vaqt oshkor nakardan gum yo vayron karda meshavad yo ba maqsadhoi jinoyati istifoda megardad yo shakhsi justujushavanda pinhon meshavad, mumkin ast be ijozati sud, sudya koftukov guzaronida dar in bora dar davomi 24 soat ba sud malumoti khatti peshnihod karda meshavad.
  4. Pesh az ogozi koftukov tahqiqbaranda, mufattish yo prokuror shakhsoni manfiatdorro bo qarori guzaronidani koftukov shinos mekunand.
  5. Koftukov va yofta giriftan bo ishtiroki shakhsoni kholis va dar holathoi zaruri bo ishtiroki mutakhassis va tarjumon surat megirad.
  6. To ogozi koftukov‚ yofta giriftan tahqiqbaranda, mufattish boyad qarorro ba prokuror dar khususi az tarafi prokuror ba sud peshnihod namudani darkhost irsol namoyand.
  7. Tahqiqbaranda, mufattish ba koftukov shuru namuda, peshnihod mekunand, ki ashyo va hujjathoi baroi parvanda ahamiyatnok ikhtiyoran supurda shavand. Agar onho ikhtiyoran supurda shavand va khavfi nihon kardani ashyo va hujjathoi giriftashavanda az bayn ravad, koftukovi minbada qat karda meshavad.
  8. Hangomi koftukov mumkin ast qulfi bino va anbori mahkam, ba sharte ki sohibi on az ikhtiyoran kushodan sarkashi kunad, majburan kushoda meshavad. Be zarurat ba vayron kardani qulfi dar va digar ashyo ijozat doda nameshavad.
  9. Hangomi daryoft kardani ashyo va hujjathoi justujushavanda tahqiqbaranda, mufattish onhoro majburi mesitonand.
  10. Koftukov va daryoft kardan dar manzili istiqomati, binoi korkhonayu tashkilot va muassisa bo ishtiroki shakhsoni dar qismhoi 8 va 9 moddai 183 Kodeksi mazkur zikrgardida anjom doda meshavad.
  11. Koftukov va daryoft kardan dar binoe, ki namoyandagoni diplomati ishgol kardaand, inchunin dar manzile, ki onho bo oilaashon zindagi dorand, bo rioyai talaboti muayyannamudai qismi 10 moddai 183 Kodeksi mazkur anjom doda meshavad.
  12. Tahqiqbaranda va mufattish vazifadorand baroi fosh nakardani malumoti dakhldori hayoti shakhsii onhoe, ki dar in bino zindagi mekunand va yo shakhsoni digari hangomi koftukov va daryoft kardan oshkorshuda choraho andeshad.
  13. Tahqiqbaranda, mufattish huquq dorand ba shakhsone, ki dar bino yo mahalli koftukov yo daryoft karda giriftan huzur dorand, inchunin ba shakhsone, ki ba in bino yo mahal meoyand, to okhiri koftukov yo daryoft kardan tark namudani onro, inchunin bayni ham yo bo digar shakhson musohib shudani onhoro man kunand.
  14. Tahqiqbaranda, mufattish hangomi koftukov yo daryoft kardan boyad qatiyan bo giriftani ashyo va hujjathoe, ki ba parvanda munosibat dorad, mahdud shavand. Ashyo va hujjathoe, ki baroi muomilot man shudaast, sarfi nazar az aloqamandi bo parvanda boyad girifta shavand.
  15. Hamai ashyo va hujjathoi giriftashuda boyad ba shakhsoni kholis va digar ishtirokchiyon nishon doda, hangomi zarurat dar joi koftukov yo yofta giriftan bastuband va muhr karda, bo imzoi mufattish va shakhsoni kholis tasdiq karda shavand.

 

Moddai 193. Koftukovi shakhsi

 

  1. Hangomi mavjud budani asoshoi peshbininamudai moddai 190 va bo rioyai talaboti qismhoi 5 va 7 moddai 192 Kodeksi mazkur prokuror, tahqiqbaranda, mufattish huquq dorand bo maqsadi oshkor va giriftani ashyo va hujjatho, ki shoyad dar badan, libos yo asbobu anjomi shakhs mavjud ast, koftukovi shakhsiro anjom dihand.
  2. Hangomi dastgir namudani shakhs yo ba habs giriftan, inchunin hangomi budani asoshoi kofi, bo takhmini on ki shakhsi dar bino yo digar joy huzurdoshta, ki dar on jo koftukov surat megirad, hujjatho yo ashyoi baroi parvanda ahamiyatnokro pinhon namudaast, koftukovi shakhsiro be qarori makhsus anjom dodan mumkin ast.
  3. Koftukovi shakhsi tanho az jonibi shakhsi bo koftukovshavanda hamjins va bo ishtiroki shakhsoni kholis va mutakhassisoni hamjins anjom doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 194. Protokoli koftukov va daryoft kardan

 

  1. SHakhse, ki koftukov yo daryoft kardanro anjom medihad, bo rioyai talaboti moddahoi 172, 173 va 192 Kodeksi mazkur protokol tartib medihad.
  2. Dar protokol boyad zikr gardad, ki dar kujo, dar kadom holat ashyo va hujjatho oshkor gardidand, onho ikhtiyori doda yo majburi girifta shudaand. SHumora, andoza, vazn, alomathoi infirodi va haddalimkon bo arzishi hamai ashyohoi giriftashuda boyad dar protokol daqiq nishon doda shavad.
  3. Agar hangomi koftukov yo daryoft kardan baroi nestu nobud yo pinhon kardani ashyo yo hujjathoi giriftashavanda kushishe shuda boshad, in holat va chorahoi peshgirii on boyad dar protokol inikos yoband.
  4. Nuskhai protokoli koftukov va daryoft kardan bo giriftani zabonkhat ba shakhse, ki koftukov shudaast yo azoi boligi oilai u va dar surati hozir nabudani onho ba namoyandai tashkiloti istifodai manzil yo maqomoti khudidorakunii mahalli supurda meshavad. Agar koftukov yo daryoft kardan dar korkhona, muassisa yo tashkilot surat girifta boshad, nuskhai protokol bo giriftani zabonkhat ba namoyandagoni onho supurda meshavad.

 

Moddai 195. Habsi murosiloti pochta, khabarhoi telegrafi va khabarhoi digare. ki tavassuti shabakahoi  aloqai barqy va aloqai pochta intiqol meshavand, aznazarguzaroni va daryoft karda giriftani onho

 

  1. Hangomi mavjud budani asosho baroi takhmini on, ki maktub, telegramma, radiogramma, basta, firista va digar murosiloti pochta, khabarhoi telegrafi va khabarhoi digare, ki tavassuti shabakahoi aloqai barqy va aloqai pochta intiqol meshavand doroi malumot, hujjat yo ashyoi baroi parvanda ahamiyatnok meboshand, onhoro tahti habs qaror dodan mumkin ast. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)
  2. Habsi murosiloti pochta, khabarhoi telegrafi va khabarhoi digare, ki tavassuti shabakahoi aloqai barqy va aloqai pochta intiqol meshavand, aznazarguzaroni va daryoft karda giriftani onho tanho bo ijozati sud, sudya anjom doda meshavad. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)
  3. Tahqiqbaranda. mufattish hangomi zarurati habsi murosiloti pochta, khabarhoi telegrafi va khabarhoi digare, ki tavassuti shabaqahoi aloqai barqi va aloqai pochta intiqol meshavand, aznazarguzaroni va daryoft karda giriftani onho qarori asosnok barovarda, inhoro zikr menamoyad:

– nasab, nom va nomi padari shakhse, ki murosiloti pochta, khabarhoi telegrafy va khabarhoi digari tavassuti shabaqahoi aloqai barqi va aloqai pochta intiqolshavandai on boyad khabs karda shavand;

– surogai aniqi in shakhs;

– asosho baroi ba habsgiri va yofta giriftani murosilot;

– navhoi murosiloti pochta, khabarhoi telegrafi va khabarhoi digari tavassuti shabakahoi aloqai barqi va aloqai pochta intiqolshavandae, ki onho boyad ba khabs girifta shavand;

– muhlate, ki dar jarayoni on bahabsgiri boyad amal kunad;

– nomi muassisai aloqa, ki ba zimmai on uhdadorii bozdoshti murosiloti pochta, khabarhoi telegrafi va khabarhoi digare. ki tavassuti shabakahoi aloqai barqy va aloqai pochta intiqol meshavand guzoshta shudaast.

  1. Barrasii darkhosti mufattish dar khususi bozdosht kardani murosiloti pochtayu telegraf, aznazarguzaroni va yofta giriftani onro sud, sudya tibqi qoidahoi moddai 192 Kodeksi mazkur anjom medihad. Dar surati ba bozdoshti murosiloti pochta, khabarhoi telegrafi va khabarhoi digare. ki tavassuti shabakahoi aloqai barqy va aloqai pochta intiqol meshavand ijozat dodani sud, sudya‚ mufattish qarorro ba muassisai dakhldori aloqa firistoda, ba on peshnihod mekunad, ki murosiloti pochta, khabarhoi telegrafi va khabarhoi digare. ki tavassuti shabakahoi aloqai barqy va aloqai pochta intiqol meshavand bozdorad va favran dar in bora mufattishro ogoh namoyad.
  2. Mufattish aznazarguzaroni, yofta giriftan va nuskhabardorii murosiloti bozdoshtashudai pochta, khabarhoi telegrafi va khabarhoi digare. ki tavassuti shabakahoi aloqai barqy va aloqai pochta intiqol meshavand dar muassisai aloqa bo ishtiroki kholison az hisobi kormandoni in muassisa meguzaronad. Mufattish dar holathoi zaruri baroi ishtirok dar aznazarguzaroni va yofta giriftani murosiloti pochta, khabarhoi telegrafi va khabarhoi digare. ki tavassuti shabakahoi aloqai barqy va aloqai pochta intiqol meshavand huquq dorad mutakhassisi dakhldor, inchunin tarjumonro davat namoyad. Baroi har yak aznazarguzaronii murosiloti pochta, khabarhoi telegrafi va khabarhoi digare. ki tavassuti shabakahoi aloqai barqy va aloqai pochta intiqol meshavand protokol tartib dihad va zikr namoyad, ki murosiloti pochta, khabarhoi telegrafi va khabarhoi digare. ki tavassuti shabakahoi aloqai barqy va aloqai pochta intiqol meshavand az jonibi ki va chi guna az nazar guzaronida, nuskhabardori shudaast va ba unvoni ki ravona karda yo bozdoshta shudaast.
  3. Habsi murosiloti pochta, khabarhoi telegrafi va khabarhoi digare. ki tavassuti shabakahoi aloqai barqy va aloqai pochta intiqol meshavand hangomi az bayn raftani zarurat, vale dar har holat na dertar az qati parvanda yo ba sud firistodani on bekor karda meshavad. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)

 

Moddai 196. Gush va sabt kardani guftugu

 

  1. Oid ba parvandai jinoyati dar borai jinoyathoi vaznin va makhsusan vaznin, ba sharti mavjud budani asoshoi kofi baroi takhmini on ki guftugui telefonii gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda va digar shakhson yo guftugu bo digar vositahoi aloqa, ki doroi malumot dar borai jinoyat shuda metavonand yo doroi malumoti baroi parvanda ahamiyatnok meboshand, bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai moddai 192 Kodeksi mazkur va ijozati sud, sudya gush va sabt kardani in guftuguro anjom dodan mumkin ast.
  2. Hangomi mavjud budani tahdidi istifodai zurovari, tamakori va digar amali jinoyati nisbat ba jabrdida, shohid yo azoi oilai onho, tibqi arizai khattii onho yo hangomi mavjud nabudani chunin ariza tibqi darkhosti mufattish bo ijozati sud, sudya mumkin ast guftugue, ki tavassuti telefoni onho yo ba vositahoi digari aloqa surat megirad va sabti on anjom doda shavad.
  3. Dar borai zarurati gush va sabt kardani guftugu mufattish qarori asosnok mebarorad, ki dar on inho zikr megardand:

– parvandai jinoyati va asoshoe, ki tibqi onho in amali taftishi surat megirad;

– nomu nasabi shakhse, ki guftugui onho gush karda meshavad;

– dar tuli kadom muhlat gush va sabt kardani guftugu guzaronida meshavad;

– muassisae, ki ba zimmaash vositahoi tekhnikii gushkuni va sabti guftugu voguzoshta shudaast.

  1. Mufattish qarorro ba sud, sudya irsol namuda, dar surati ijozat dodani sud, sudya onro baroi ijro ba muassisai dakhldor ravon mekunad.
  2. Gush va sabt kardani guftugu ba muhlati na beshtar az shash moh muayyan meshavad. Hangomi dar oyanda zarur nabudani in chora, vale dar hama holat na dertar az qati parvanda va yo ba sud ravon kardani on in amal bekor karda meshavad.
  3. Mufattish dar tuli tamomi muhlati muqarrarshuda huquq dorad, dar har vaqtu zamon fonogrammaro baroi aznazarguzaroni va shunidani on talab karda girad. Fonogramma ba mufattish dar shakli muhrshuda bo maktub ravon karda meshavad, ki dar on boyad vaqti ogoz va khatmi sabti guftugu va tasnifi zarurii tekhnikii vositahoi tatbiqshuda inikos gardad.
  4. Aznazarguzaroni va shunidani fonogramma az jonibi mufattish bo ishtiroki shakhsoni kholis va hangomi zarurat mutakhassis, surat girifta, dar in bora protokol tartib doda, dar on hamon qismi fonogramma, ki ba parvanda dakhl dorad, aynan ovarda meshavad. Fonogramma ba parvanda zamima megardad va dar ayni zamon qismate, ki ba parvanda aloqamand nest, pas az etibori qonuni paydo kardani hukm yo qati parvanda nobud karda meshavad.

 

BOBI 23. PURSISH, RUBARUKUNI, SHINOHTAN VA SANJISHI NISHONDOD DAR JOI HODISA

 

Moddai 197. Joi pursish

 

Pursish dar joi taftishi peshaki anjom doda meshavad. Mufattish, agar zarur shumorad, metavonad shakhsro dar joi budubosh pursish namoyad.

 

Moddai 198. Tartibi davat ba pursish

 

  1. SHohid, jabrdida, hamchunin gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavandae, ki dar ozodi meboshand, baroi pursish tavassuti davatnoma davat karda shuda, dar on ba haysi ki, ba nazdi ki, ba kadom suroga, vaqti hozir shudan, oqibathoi be sababhoi uzrnok hozir nashudan qayd karda meshavad.
  2. Davatnoma ba shakhsi davatshavanda suporida shuda, imzoi u girifta meshavad. Dar surati nabudani davatshavanda davatnoma baroi ba u rasonidan ba yake az azoi boligi oila suporida shuda, imzoi u girifta meshavad. Hangomi nabudani onho davatnoma ba tashkiloti istifodai manzil yo maqomoti khudidorakunii mahalli va yo mamuriyati joi kor suporida meshavad, ki onho vazifadorand, onro ba shakhsi davatshuda suporand. Davatshavandaro bo vositahoi digari aloqa niz davat kardan mumkin ast.
  3. SHakhsoni dar qismi 1 hamin modda zikrshuda vazifadorand, ki muvofiqi davat ba pursish hozir shavand. Dar holati be sababhoi uzrnok hozir nashudan dar haqqi onho metavonand chorahoi majburkunii murofiavi, ki dar moddai 113 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini shudaand, tatbiq karda shavand.
  4. SHakhsone, ki dar habs nigoh doshta meshavand ba pursish tavassuti mamuriyati habskhona davat karda meshavand.
  5. SHakhse, ki ba sinni shonzdah narasidaast, hamrohi padaru modar yo digar namoyandagoni qonunii u ba haysi shohid yo jabrdida davat karda meshavad. Tartibi digari davat kardani nobolig tanho dar surate, ki holathoi parvanda taqozo mekunand, imkonpazir ast.

 

Moddai 199. Qoidahoi umumii pursish

 

  1. Pesh az pursish mufattish boyad malumotro oid ba shakhsiyati pursishshavanda muayyan namoyad. Pursishshavanda bo zaboni modari yo zaboni digare, ki medonad, nishondod medihad.
  2. Ba shakhse, ki ba pursish davat shudaast, khabar doda meshavad, ki u ba haysi ki, az rui kadom parvandai jinoyati pursish meshavad, huququ uhdadorihoi u, ki dar Kodeksi mazkur peshbini shudaand, fahmonida, dar in bobat dar protokol qayd karda meshavad. SHakhsone, ki ba pursish ba haysi shohid yo jabrdida davat shudaand, dar borai javobgarii jinoyati baroi rad kardan yo sarkashi namudan az dodani nishondod, hamchunin baroi didayu donista dodani nishondodi bardurug ogoh karda meshavand.
  3. Pursish az on ogoz megardad, ki pursishshavanda holathoi ba u malumbudai parvandaro bayon kunad. Agar pursishshavanda dar borai holathoe sukhan guyad, ki bo parvanda hej robitae nadorad, u boyad ogoh karda shavad.
  4. Badi ba okhir rasidani naqli ozod ba pursishshavanda savolhoe dodan mumkin ast, ki maqsad az onho saheh va purra gardonidani nishondod boshad. Dodani savolhoi rahnamunkunanda man ast.
  5. Agar nishondod bo malumoti raqami yo malumoti digar vobasta boshad, ki dar khotir nigoh doshtani onho mushkil ast, pursishshavanda huquq dorad az hujjatho va sabthoe, ki bo tashabbusi mufattish va bo rizoi yo bo khohishi pursishshavanda metavonand ba parvanda dokhil karda shavand, istifoda barad.
  6. Dar jarayoni pursish mufattish metavonad ba pursishshavanda dalelhoi shayi va hujjathoro nishon dihad va badi ba okhir rasidani naqli ozod nishondodero, ki dar mavodi parvandai jinoyati mavjudand, bikhonad, sabti ovoz va video yo mavodi navorbardorishudaro namoish dihad va sharhi onhoro pursad.
  7. Pursishi befosila az 4 soat va davomnokii on dar yak ruz az 8 soat ziyod shuda nametavonad.

 

Moddai 200. Protokoli pursish

 

  1. Jarayon va natijai pursish dar protokoli bo rioyai talaboti moddahoi 172 va 173 Kodeksi mazkur tartib doda, inikos karda meshavand. Nishondod az zaboni shakhsi avval va az rui imkon aynan sabt karda meshavad. Savolho va javobhoi onho bo hamon tartibe, ki dar jarayoni pursish surat giriftaast, sabt megardand. Dar protokol hamchunin boyad savolhoi shakhsone, ki dar pursish ishtirok kardaand, savolhoe, ki az tarafi mufattish dur karda shudaand yo savolhoe, ki pursishshavanda ba onho javob dodanro rad namudaast, bo zikri dalelhoi dur yo rad kardan inikos meyoband.
  2. Nishon dodani daleli shayi va hujjat, khondani protokol va namoishi sabti ovoz, video va navorbardorii amalhoi taftishi, hamchunin nishondode, ki vobasta ba on az tarafi pursishshavanda doda shudaand, boyad hatman dar protokol inikos yoband.
  3. Pursishshavanda dar jarayoni taftish metavonad tarh, naqsha, rasm, diagramma tayyor kunad, ki onho ba protokol hamroh karda, dar in bobat dar protokol qayd karda meshavad.
  4. Badi ba okhir rasidani naqli ozod pursishshavanda huquq dorad nishondodashro bo dasti khud navisad. Badi bo dasti khud navishtani nishondod va imzo guzoshtani pursishshavanda mufattish metavonad savolhoi purrakunanda va daqiqkunanda dihad.
  5. Badi ba okhir rasidani pursish protokol baroi khondan ba pursishshavanda peshnihod meshavad yo bo khohishi u khonda meshavad. Talabi pursishshavanda dar borai ba protokol dokhil namudani ilovaho va tashehot boyad hatman ijro karda shavad.
  6. Pursishshavanda daleli shinos shudan bo nishondod va durustii sabti onhoro bo imzoi khud dar okhiri protokol tasdiq menamoyad. Har sahifai protokol az tarafi pursishshavanda imzo karda meshavad.
  7. Agar dar pursish tarjumon ishtirok karda boshad, u niz har yak sahifa va protokolro dar majmu imzo mekunad. Tarjumon ba tarjumai nishondodi bo dasti khud navishtai pursishshavanda imzo meguzorad.
  8. Hamai shakhsone, ki dar pursish ishtirok kardand, dar protokol imzo meguzorand.

 

Moddai 201. Istifodai sabti ovoz va video hangomi pursish

 

  1. Bo qarori mufattish hangomi pursishi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, shohid yo jabrdida sabti ovoz va video istifoda shuda metavonad. Sabti ovoz va video metavonad hamchunin bo khohishi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, shohid yo jabrdida istifoda gardad.
  2. Mufattish dar borai sabti ovoz va video qaror qabul mekunad va dar in bobat ba pursishshavanda to ogozi pursish khabar medihad.
  3. Sabti ovoz va video malumotero, ki dar qismhoi 3 va 4 moddai 172 Kodeksi mazkur zikr shudaand, boyad tamomi jarayoni pursishro inikos namoyad. Sabti ovoz va videoi yak qismi pursish, hamchunin takrori malumote, ki dar jarayoni hamon pursish doda shudaand, makhsus baroi sabti nishondod mumkin nest.
  4. Badi ba okhir rasidani pursish sabti ovoz va video ba pursishshavanda purra shunavonida va nishon doda meshavad. Badi ba okhir rasidani namoish yo shunidani sabt az pursishshavanda pursida meshavad, ki oyo u guftahoi khudro purra yo aniq karda metavonad va oyo u durustii sabtro tasdiq mekunad. Ilovahoi pursishshavanda ba nishondodhoi sabti ovoz va video, hamchunin ba fonogramma va videogrammaho dokhil karda meshavand. Sabti ovoz va video bo izhoroti pursishshavanda, ki durustii onro tasdiq mekunad, ba okhir merasad.
  5. Nishondodi dar jarayoni pursish bo istifodai sabti ovoz va video giriftashuda mutobiqi qoidahoi Kodeksi mazkur ba protokol dokhil karda meshavand. Dar protokoli pursish hamchunin inho zikr megardad:

– qaydi tatbiqi sabti ovoz va video va ogoh kardani pursishshavanda dar in bobat;

– malumot oid ba vositahoi tekhniki va sharoiti sabti ovoz va video;

– izhori pursishshavanda doir ba tatbiqi sabti ovoz va video nisbati u;

– tasdiqi durustii protokol, sabti ovoz va video az tarafi pursishshavanda va mufattish.

  1. Fonogramma va videogramma hamrohi parvanda nigoh doshta, badi ba okhir rasidani taftishi peshaki muhr karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 202. Tartibi pursishi shohid va jabrdida

 

  1. SHohid va jabrdidae, ki az rui yak parvanda davat shudaand, dar alohidagi va dar nabudani digar shohid va jabrdida pursish karda meshavand. Mufattish chora meandeshad, ki shohidon va jabrdidagoni yak parvanda bo hamdigar guftugu karda natavonand. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)
  2. Pesh az pursish mufattish ba shakhsiyati shohid yo jabrdida bovari hosil karda, munosibati onhoro bo aybdorshavanda yo gumonbarshuda muayyan menamoyad, ba onho huquq va uhdadorihoi murofiaviro mefahmonad, doir ba javobgarii jinoyati baroi rad kardan az dodani nishondod va didayu donista dodani nishondodi bardurug onhoro ogoh mekunad. Zimnan mufattish vazifador ast fahmonad, ki shohid yo jabrdida huquq dorad az dodani nishondode, ki khudi onho yo kheshovandi nazdiki onhoro baroi sodir namudani jinoyat aybdor mekunad, rad namoyad. SHohid yo jabrdidae, ki az in huquq istifoda naburdaast, doir ba javobgarii jinoyati baroi didayu donista dodani nishondodi bardurug ogoh karda meshavad. Dar bobati ba shohid yo jabrdida fahmonidani huquq va uhdadorihoi onho ogohi doir ba javobgarii jinoyati baroi rad kardan yo sarkashi namudan az dodani nishondod, hamchunin didayu donista dodani nishondodi bardurug dar protokol qayd namuda, bo imzoi shakhsi pursishshavanda tasdiq karda meshavad.
  3. Pursishi shohid va jabrdida muvofiqi qoidahoi peshbininamudai moddai 199 Kodeksi mazkur surat megirad.

 

Moddai 203. Hususiyati pursishi shohid yo jabrdidai nobolig

 

  1. Hangomi pursishi shohid yo jabrdidai ba sinni shonzdah narasida, inchunin shohid yo jabrdidai nobolige, ki binobar holati jismoni va ruhii khud imkoniyati mustaqilona himoya kardani huquq va manfiathoi qonunii khudro nadorad, ishtiroki omuzgor va (yo) ravonshinos hatmi meboshad. Omuzgor yo ravonshinos hangomi pursishi shohid va jabrdidai sinnash az shonzdah bolo bo salohdidi prokuror, mufattish va yo bo darkhosti himoyatgar ishtirok mekunad. Hangomi pursishi shohid yo jabrdidai nobolig ishtiroki namoyandagoni qonunii on hatmist.
  2. SHohid va jabrdidai sinnashon ba shonzdah narasida, inchunin shohid yo jabrdidai nobolige, ki binobar holati jismoni va ruhii khud imkoniyati mustaqilona himoya kardani huquq va manfiathoi qonunii khudro nadorad, doir ba javobgari baroi nadodani nishondod va didayu donista dodani nishondodi bardurug ogoh karda nameshavand. Hangomi ba chunin shohidon va jabrdidagoni nobolig fahmonidani huquq va uhdadorihoi murofiavii onho takid karda meshavad, ki tanho haqiqatro guyand. Ba shohidon va jabrdidagoni nobolig huquqi nadodani nishondode, ki khudi onho va kheshovandoni nazdiki onhoro ba sodir kardani jinoyat aybdor mekunand, fahmonida meshavad. Dar borai fahmonidani huququ uhdadoriho dar protokol qayd guzoshta, on bo imzoi shohid yo jabrdidai nobolig, namoyandai qonunii u, omuzgor va yo ravonshinos tasdiq karda meshavad.
  3. Omuzgor va yo ravonshinos huquq dorand bo ijozati mufattish ba shohid yo jabrdidai nobolig savolho dihand va badi ba okhir rasidani pursish bo protokoli pursish shinos shavand va doir ba durusti va purragii sabthoi on mulohizahoyashonro peshnihod namoyand. In huquqro mufattish pesh az pursishi shohid va jabrdidai nobolig ba omuzgor yo ravonshinos mefahmonad. Dar in khusus dar protokoli pursish sabt karda meshavad.
  1. Ba shakhsoni dar qismi 1 hamin modda zikrshuda, ki hangomi pursishi shohid yo jabrdidai nobolig ishtirok kardaand, huquqi peshnihodi mulohizoti ba protokol voridshavanda oid ba vayron gardidani huququ manfiathoi pursishshavandagon, dodani savolho bo ijozati mufattish fahmonida meshavad. Mufattish metavonad savolro rad namoyad, vale boyad onro ba protokol vorid namuda, sababi radkuniro zikr kunad. (QJT az 15.03.16 s., №1275)

 

Moddai 204. Rubarukuni

 

  1. Mufattish huquq dorad, ki du shakhsi qablan pursishshudaro, agar dar nishondodi onho mukholifati jiddi vujud doshta boshad, rubaru kunad.
  2. Pesh az ogozi rubarukuni mufattish ba ishtirokchiyoni in amal huquq va uhdadorihoyashon, hamchunin tartibi ba jo ovardani in amali taftishiro mefahmonad. Agar rubarukuni bo ishtiroki shohid va jabrdida guzaronida shavad, onho dar borai javobgarii jinoyati baroi sarkashi namudan az dodani nishondod va didayu donista dodani nishondodi bardurug ogoh karda meshavand va dar in bobat dar protokol qayd karda meshavad.
  3. Mufattish az shakhsone, ki dar bayni onho rubarukuni surat megirad, mepursad, ki oyo onho hamdigarro medonand yo ne va ba hamdigar chi guna munosibat dorand. Ba ishtirokchiyon bo navbat peshnihod karda meshavad, ki oid ba muayyan kardani holathoi rubarukuni nishondod dihand. Badi dodani nishondod mufattish metavonad ba har kadome az pursishshavandagon savol dihad. SHakhsone, ki bo hamdigar rubaru karda meshavand, metavonand bo ijozati mufattish ba yakdigar savolho dihand. Dar in bobat dar protokol qayd karda meshavad.
  4. Hangomi rubarukuni mufattish huquq dorad, ki dalelhoi shayi va hujjathoi ba parvanda dokhil kardashudaro nishon dihad.
  5. Honda dodani nishondodi ishtirokchiyoni rubarukuni, ki dar protokolhoi pursishhoi peshina mavjudand, hamchunin shunavonidan va namoish dodani sabti ovozi va videoii nishondodi mazkur tanho badi az tarafi onho doda shudani nishondod dar vaqti rubarukuni va sabti onho dar protokol mumkin ast.
  6. Dar protokoli rubarukuni nishondodi shakhsoni pursishshavanda bo hamon navbat sabt karda meshavand, ki onho nishondod dodaand. Har yak ishtirokchii rubarukuni nishondodi khud va har yak sahifai protokolro dar alohidagi imzo meguzorad.
  7. Agar muqarrar karda shuda boshad, ki rubarukunii aybdorshavanda bo jabrdida va shohid metavonad ba shohid va jabrdida zarar rasonad yo onhoro tarsonad, rubarukuni boyad istisno karda shavad.

 

Moddai 205. Nishon dodan baroi shinokhtan

 

  1. Mufattish metavonad shakhs yo ashyoro baroi shinokhtan ba shohid, jabrdida, gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavanda nishon dihad. Baroi shinokhtan jasadro niz nishon dodan mumkin ast.
  2. SHinosshavandagon qablan dar borai holathoe, ki onho shakhs yo ashyoi dakhldorro didaand, oid ba nishonaho va mushakhkhasote, ki az rui onho metavonand shakhs yo ashyoro shinosand, pursida meshavand.

 

Moddai 206. Tartibi nishon dodan baroi shinokhtan

 

  1. SHakhs baroi shinokhtan yakjoya bo shakhsoni digare, ki az rui imkon zohiran ba u monand boshand, nishon doda meshavad. Tedodi umumii shakhsone, ki baroi shinokhtan nishon doda meshavand, naboyad az se nafar kam boshad. In qoida dar mavridi shinokhtani jasad tatbiq namegardad.
  2. Pesh az nishon dodan baroi shinokhtan ba shakhsi shinokhtashavanda peshnihod karda meshavad, ki dar bayni nishondodashavandagon har joero, ki khosta boshad, ishgol namoyad va dar in bobat dar protokol qayd karda meshavad.
  3. Hangomi gayriimkon budani nishondihii shakhs baroi shinokhtan, in amal metavonad az rui aksi u, ki yakjoya bo akshoi shakhsoni az rui imkon zohiran ba u monand, bo tedodi na kam az se aks anjom doda meshavad.
  4. Ashyo yakjoya bo ashyoi yakkhela bo tedodi na kamtar az se ashyo baroi shinokhtan peshnihod karda meshavad.
  5. Agar shinosanda shohid yo jabrdida boshad, u pesh az shinokhtan dar borai javobgari baroi rad kardan yo sarkashi kardan az dodani nishondod va didayu donista dodani nishondodi bardurug ogoh karda meshavad, ki dar in bobat dar protokol qayd karda meshavad.
  6. Ba shinosanda peshnihod karda meshavad, ki shakhs yo ashyoi dar nishondodi khud zikrkardaashro nishon dihad. Dodani savolhoi rahnamunkunanda mumkin nest.
  7. Agar shinosanda yake az shakhson yo ashyoi ba u nishondodashudaro shinosad, az u pursida meshavad, ki az rui kadom nishonaho yo mushakhkhasot on shakhs yo ashyoro shinokhtaast.
  8. Nishon dodan baroi shinokhtan dar huzuri shakhsoni kholis guzaronida meshavad.
  9. Bo maqsadi tamini amniyati shinosanda nishon dodani shakhs baroi shinokhtan metavonad dar sharoite doir gardad, ki shinokhtashavanda shinosandaro dida natavonad. Dar chunin holatho shakhsoni kholis boyad dar joyi qarordoshtai shinosanda qaror doshta boshand. Ba shakhsoni kholis va shinosanda boyad imkon faroham ovarda shavad, ki shakhsoni shinokhtashavandaro dida tavonand.
  10. Dar borai nishon dodan baroi shinokhtan bo rioyai talaboti moddahoi 172, 187 Kodeksi mazkur protokol tartib doda meshavad. Dar protokol sharoit, jarayon, natijahoi shinokhtan zikr va az rui imkon sharhhoi shinosanda aynan bayon karda meshavand. Agar peshnihodi shakhse, ki baroi shinokhtan nishon doda shudaast, dar sharoite anjom doda shuda boshad, ki shinokhtashavanda imkoni didani shinosandaro nadosht, in jihat ham dar protokol zikr karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 207. Sanjishi nishondod dar joi hodisa

 

  1. Nishondodi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, jabrdida va shohid mumkin ast dar joe, ki ba hodisai taftishshavanda vobasta ast, baroi muqarrar namudani malumoti navi voqei, nishon dodani khatti sayr va joyhoe, ki amali taftishshavanda sodir karda shudaast, hamchunin baroi muayyan namudani etimodnokii onho bo rohi muqoisa bo vazi hodisa taftish yo aniq karda shavand.
  2. Sanjishi nishondod dar joi hodisa metavonad az inho iborat boshad:

– shakhsi nishondoddoda dar joi hodisa, vaz va holathoi hodisai taftishshavandaro barqaror mekunad;

– ashyo, hujjatho va nishonahoero, ki baroi parvanda ahamiyat dorand, kofta meyobad va nishon medihad;

– amalhoi muayyanro namoish medihad;

– nishon medihad, ki dar voqeai tahqiqshavanda in yo on ashyo kadom naqshro ijro kardaast;

– ba tagyiri vazi joi hodisa tavajjuh zohir menamoyad;

– nishondodi peshinai khudro mushakhkhas va aniq mesozad.

  1. Ba in amalho yagon dakholati beruna va savolhoi rahnamunkunanda dodan mumkin nest.
  2. Sanjishi nishondod dar joi hodisa dar huzuri shakhsoni kholis va dar mavridi zaruri bo ishtiroki mutakhassis guzaronida meshavad.
  3. Dar joi hodisa dar yak vaqt sanjidani nishondodi yakchand shakhs mumkin nest.
  4. Badi aniq kardani nishondod va nishon dodani amalho ba shakhse, ki nishondodash sanjida meshavad, savolhoi marbut ba amalhoi taftishi dodan mumkin ast.
  5. Dar holathoi zaruri hangomi guzaronidani sanjishi nishondod dar joi hodisa andozagiriyu aksbardori‚ sabti ovoz, sabti video anjom doda, naqshaho va tarhho tartib doda meshavand.
  6. Doir ba guzaronidani sanjishi nishondod dar joi hodisa bo rioyai talaboti moddahoi 172, 187 Kodeksi mazkur protokol tartib doda meshavad. Dar protokol sharoit, jarayon va natijahoi sanjishi nishondod dar joi hodisa mufassal inikos karda meshavand.

 

BOBI 24. EKSPERTIZA

 

Moddai 208. Tartibi taini ekpertiza

 

  1. Mufattish taini ekspertizaro zarur shumorida, dar in bora qaror qabul mekunad va dar on malumothoi zerinro zikr menamoyad:

– asoshoi taini ekspertiza;

– nomu nasabi korshinos yo muassisae, ki ekspertiza boyad dar on joy guzaronida shavad;

– savolhoe, ki dar nazdi korshinos guzoshta shudaand;

– mavode, ki ba korshinos peshnihod meshavad.

  1. Ijroi qarori mufattish doir ba taini ekspertiza baroi shakhson yo muassisahoe, ki qaror ba onho ravon karda shudaast va ba salohiyati onho dokhil meshavad, hatmist.
  2. Ekspertiza az tarafi mutakhassisoni muassisahoi eksperti, muassisahoi digari davlati va gayridavlati, tashkilotu korkhonaho yo shakhsoni voqif, ki mufattish tain kardaast, guzaronida meshavad.
  3. Ivaz kardani ekspertiza bo tahqiqote, ki berun az tarzi murofiavii muqarrarnamudai qonun surat megirad, mumkin nest. Hulosahoi noziroti idoravi, akthoi reviziya, mashvarathoi mutakhassison zarurati guzaronidani ekspertizaro istisno namekunand.
  4. To firistodani qaror ba muassisai ekspertizai sudi mufattish vazifador ast, ki bo on gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, jabrdida, hamchunin shohidero, ki tahti ekspertiza qaror megirad, shinos namoyad va ba onho huquqi dar moddai 210 Kodeksi mazkur muqarrarshudaro fahmonad. Dar in bobat protokol tartib doda, az tarafi mufattish va shakhse, ki bo qaror shinos karda shudaast, imzo karda meshavad.
  5. Qaror dar borai taini ekspertizai ravonpizishkii sudi va khulosai korshinoson ba shakhsone, ki vazi ruhiashon darki onro gayriimkon megardonad, elon karda nameshavad.

 

Moddai 209. Taini hatmii ekspertiza

 

Agar az rui parvanda muqarrar kardani holathoi zerin zarur boshad, tain va guzaronidani ekspertiza hatmist:

– sababi marg;

– khususiyat va darajai vazninii zarari jismoni;

– sinnu soli gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, jabrdida, ba sharte, ki in baroi parvanda ahamiyat doshta boshad va hujjatho doir ba sinnu sol vujud nadoshta yo shubhaovar boshand;

– holati ruhi yo jismonii gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, vaqte ki dar masalai mukallafi yo qobiliyati onho dar bobati himoyai mustaqilonai huquq va manfiathoi qonunii khud dar murofiai jinoyati shubha ba miyon meoyad;

– holati ruhi va jismonii jabrdida, shohid dar holathoe, ki qobiliyati onho dar borai durust dark kardani holathoi baroi parvanda ahamiyatdoshta va dodani nishondod doir ba onho tahti shubha qaror megirad.

 

Moddai 210. Huquqi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda, jabrdida hangomi tain va guzaronidani ekspertiza

 

  1. Hangomi tain kardan va guzaronidani ekspertiza gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda va jabrdida huquq dorand:

– bo qarori tain namudani ekspertiza shinos shavand;

– ba korshinos raddiya izhor namoyand;

– dar borai dur kardani muassisai eksperti az guzaronidani ekspertiza dar surati muqarrar gardidani holathoe, ki ba oqibati parvanda manfiatdor nabudani rohbari muassisai eksperti – joi kori shakhsi salohiyatdorro tahti shubha qaror medihand, darkhost peshnihod namoyand;

– khohish namoyand, ki shakhsoni az tarafi onho zikrshuda yo mutakhassisoni muassisahoi mushakhkhasi sudii eksperti ba haysi korshinoson jalb karda shavand;

– savolhoi  ilovagi peshnihod namoyand;

– dar vaqti guzaronidani ekspertiza huzur doshta boshand va ba korshinos savolho dihand, sharhu tafsir kunand;

– bo khulosai korshinos yo khabari imkonnopazirii dodani khulosa shinos shavand.

  1. Ekspertizai jabrdidagon va shohidon tanho bo rizoi ikhtiyorii onho, ki ba shakli khatti doda meshavad, surat megirad. Agar in shakhson ba sinni shonzdah narasida boshand yo sud onhoro nomukallaf etirof karda boshad, rizoi khattiro baroi guzaronidani ekspertiza namoyandagoni qonunii onho medihand.
  2. Dar surati qone kardani darkhoste, ki shakhsoni dar qismhoi 1 va 2 hamin modda zikrshuda dodaand, mufattish qarori khudro oid ba taini ekspertiza mutobiqan tagyir medihad yo purra mesozad. Dar borai rad karda shudani darkhost mufattish qaror qabul mekunad, ki on ba shakhsi darkhostdoda elon karda, imzoi u girifta meshavad.

 

Moddai 211. Guzaronidani ekspertiza dar muassisai eksperti

 

  1. Hangomi guzaronidani ekspertiza dar muassisai eksperti mufattish qarori khud va mavodi zaruriro ba in muassisa irsol menamoyad.
  2. Rohbari muassisai eksperti vazifador ast:

– guzaronidani ekspertizaro ba yak yo yakchand korshinos suporida, dar in bora ba mufattish khabar dihad;

– ba korshinoson huquq va uhdadorihoi onhoro, ki dar moddai 58 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini shudaand, fahmonad, oid ba javobgarii jinoyati baroi didayu donista khulosai bardurug dodan ogoh kunad va dar in bobat az onho zabonkhat girad, ki on yakjoya bo khulosai ekspert ba mufattish ravon karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 212. Guzaronidani ekspertiza berun az muassisai eksperti

 

  1. Agar ekspertiza berun az muassisai eksperti guzaronida shavad, mufattish pesh az barovardani qaror oid ba taini ekspertiza boyad ba shakhsiyati farde, ki ekspertizaro ba u suporidanist, ba salohiyatnokii u itminon hosil namuda, munosibati uro bo aybdorshavanda, gumonbarshuda, jabrdida va bo shakhse, ki tahti ekspertiza qaror giriftaast, muayyan namoyad va sanjad, ki oyo asosho baroi dur kardani korshinos mavjudand yo ne.
  2. Mufattish badi aniq kardani malumoti zaruri dar borai taini ekspertiza qaror mebarorad, onro ba korshinos mesuporad, ba u huquq va uhdadorihoi dar moddai 58 Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishudaro mefahmonad va az javobgarii jinoyati baroi didayu donista dodani khulosai bardurug ogoh mekunad. Doir ba ijroi amalhoi mazkur mufattish dar qarori tain kardani ekspertiza qayd meguzorad va on bo imzoi korshinos tasdiq karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 213. Ekspertizai komissioni

 

  1. Ekspertizai komissioni dar holathoi zarurati anjom dodani tahqiqoti murakkabi eksperti va az tarafi yakchand nafar korshinosi doroi yak ikhtisos (kasb) guzaronida meshavad.
  2. Hangomi guzaronidani ekspertizai komissioni korshinoson natijahoi hosilshudaro yakjoya tahlil mekunand va badi ba yak aqida omadan khulosai yagona (yo akt dar borai imkonnopazirii peshnihodi khulosa) tartib medihand va imzo mekunand.
  3. Dar surati mavjud budani ikhtilofi nazar dar bayni korshinoson har kadomi onho yo yak qismi onho khulosai alohida peshnihod mekunand va yo korshinose, ki nuqtai nazari u az khulosahoi aksariyat farq dorad, aqidai khudro dar khulosa alohida inikos mekunad.

 

Moddai 214. Ekspertizai kompleksi

 

  1. Ekspertizai kompleksi dar holathoe tain karda meshavad, ki baroi tahqiqot malumoti sohahoi gunoguni donish zarur boshad. On az tarafi korshinosoni doroi ikhtisoshoi gunogun dar doirai salohiyatnokii onho guzaronida meshavad.
  2. Dar khulosai ekspertizai kompleksi boyad zikr gardad, ki har yak korshinos kadom tahqiqotro ba kadom hajm anjom dod va ba chi khulosa omadaast.
  3. Har yak korshinos hamon qismi khulosaro imzo mekunad, ki dar on tahqiqoti u inikos yoftaast.
  4. Hulosa (khulosaho)-i umumiro korshinosone mebarorand ki dar bahodihii natijai hosilshuda salohiyat dorand. Agar dalelhoi az jonibi yake az korshinoson (korshinosoni alohida) muqarrarkardashuda asosi khulosai nihoii komissiya yo yak qismi on boshad, on boyad dar khulosa zikr shavad. Dar surati ikhtilofi nazar bayni korshinoson natijai tahqiqot muvofiqi talaboti qismi 3 moddai 213 Kodeksi mazkur ba rasmiyat darovarda meshavad.
  5. Agar ekspertiza ba muassisai eksperti suporida shuda boshad, tashkili tahqiqi kompleksi ba zimmai rohbari on muassisa guzoshta meshavad.

 

Moddai 215. Giriftani namunaho baroi tahqiqoti muqoisavi

 

  1. Mufattish huquq dorad, ki baroi tahqiqoti muqoisavi az gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavanda, inchunin jabrdida va shohid namunahoi dastnavis yo digar namunaho girad.
  2. Hangomi giriftani namunaho baroi tahqiqoti muqoisavi naboyad usulhoe tatbiq gardand, ki ba hayot va salomatii inson khatarnok boshand yo sharaf va nomusi uro past zanand.
  3. Mufattish doir ba giriftani namunaho baroi tahqiqoti muqoisavii shakhsoni zinda qaror mebarorad. Giriftani namunaho bo ishtiroki shakhsoni kholis va dar mavridhoi zaruri bo ishtiroki mutakhassison guzaronida meshavad. Dar in bora bo rioyai talaboti moddahoi 172, 183 Kodeksi mazkur protokol tartib doda meshavad.
  4. Agar giriftani namunaho qismi tahqiqoti eksperti boshad, in amalro korshinos ba jo meovarad. Dar in holat korshinos malumotro doir ba in amal dar khulosai khud inikos mekunad.

 

Moddai 216. Baroi guzaronidani ekspertiza dar muassisai tibbi joygir kardan

 

  1. Agar hangomi tain kardan yo guzaronidani ekspertizai tibbii sudi yo ravonpizishkii sudi zarurati muoinai statsionari ba miyon oyad, gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavandaro dar muassisai davlatii tibbi joygir kardan mumkin ast, ki in holat dar qarori taini ekspertiza zikr karda meshavad.
  2. Agar zarurati ekspertiza va dar muassisai tibbi joygir kardani sudshavanda hangomi majlisi sud ba miyon oyad, sud, sudya dar in bobat bo darkhosti tarafho yo bo tashabbusi khud oid ba in masala tainot yo qaror mebarorad.
  3. Hangomi dar muassisai tibbi baroi guzaronidani ekspertizai statsionarii ravonpizishkii sudi joygir kardani gumonbarshuda muhlate, ki dar davomi on ba u boyad ayb elon karda shavad, to giriftani khulosai komissiyai dukhturoni ravonshinos oid ba holati ruhii gumonbarshuda bozdoshta meshavad.

 

Moddai 217. Mazmuni khulosai korshinos

 

  1. Badi guzaronidani tahqiq az rui natijahoi on korshinos yo korshinoson az nomi khud khulosae tartib medihand, ki dar on boyad malumoti zerin zikr gardad:

– ekspertiza kay, dar kujo guzaronida shudaast;

– az tarafi ki (nasab, nom, nomi padar, tahsilot, ikhtisos, sobiqai kor, darajayu unvoni ilmi, vazifai ishgolkarda) (QJT az 23.07.2016 s., №1332);

– dar kadom asos ekspertiza guzaronida shudaast;

– qaydi bo imzoi korshinos tasdiqshuda doir ba on ki u dar bobati javobgarii jinoyati baroi rad kardan yo sarkashi namudan az dodani khulosa yo didayu donista khulosai bardurug dodan ogoh karda shudaast;

– hangomi guzaronidani ekspertiza ki ishtirok dosht;

– korshinos chi guna mavodro istifoda namudaast va kadom tahqiqotro guzaronidaast;

– savolhoi dar nazdi korshinos guzoshtashuda va javobhoi asosnoki u.

  1. Hulosa dar shakli khatti peshnihod va az tarafi korshinos (korshinoson) imzo karda meshavad. Ba khulosai korshinos boyad dalelhoi shayii badi tahqiq boqimonda, namunahoe, ki bo rohi tajriba girifta, baroi muqoisa istifoda burda meshavand, hamchunin aksho, tarhrezaho, naqshaho, jadvalho va mavodi digari ilovagie, ki khulosahoi korshinosro tasdiq mekunand, zamima karda shavand. Zamimai khulosa niz az tarafi korshinos imzo karda meshavad.
  2. Agar korshinos itminon hosil namoyad, ki masalahoi guzoshtashuda az doirai donishhoi makhsusi u berun mebaroyand yo mavodi ba u peshnihodshuda baroi peshnihod kardani khulosa kornoshoyam yo nokifoya ast va purra kardani on nomumkin meboshad yo in ki sathi ilm va amaliyai eksperti baroi javob dodan ba masalahoi guzoshtashuda imkoniyat namedihand, vay khabari asosnok kardashudaro dar borai gayriimkon budani peshnihodi khulosa tartib medihad va onro ba maqomot yo shakhsi ekspertizaro tainnamuda irsol menamoyad.

 

Moddai 218. Pursishi korshinos

 

  1. Mufattish huquq dorad, ki korshinosro baroi sharh dodani khulosai peshnihodkardaash pursish namoyad. Korshinos metavonad javobhoyashro bo dasti khud navisad. Protokoli pursishi korshinos bo rioyai qoidahoi dar moddahoi 172 Kodeksi mazkur peshbinigardida tartib doda meshavad.
  2. Pursishi korshinos to az tarafi u peshnihod shudani khulosa mumkin nest.

 

Moddai 219. Ba gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda va jabrdida  peshnihod kardani khulosai ekspertiza

 

  1. Hulosai korshinos yo khabari u dar borai imkonnopazirii peshnihodi khulosa, hamchunin protokoli pursishi korshinos to anjomi taftishi peshaki ba gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, jabrdida, hamchunin ba shohide, ki tahti ekspertiza qaror girifta bud, peshnihod karda meshavad va onho huquq dorand, ki sharhu mulohizai khudro peshnihod kunand va aqidai khudro oid ba khulosai korshinos izhor namoyand. Dar surati qone gardonida shudan yo rad shudani chunin darkhost mufattish qarori dakhldor barovarda, ba shakhse, ki darkhost dodast, bo giriftani zabonkhat elon mekunad. (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)
  2. Dar borai shinos kardan bo khulosai korshinos va protokoli pursish protokole tartib doda meshavad, ki dar on khabar yo etirozi bayonshuda inikos karda meshavad.
  3. Qoidahoi hamin modda dar holathoe niz tatbiq megardand, ki ekspertiza to jalb namudani shakhs hamchun aybdorshavanda, gumonbarshuda yo jabrdida etirof shudani u guzaronida shuda boshad.

 

Moddai 220. Ekspertizai ilovagi va takrori

 

  1. Hangomi nofahmo yo nopurra budani khulosa, inchunin ba miyon omadani masalahoi nav nisbati holathoi qablan tahqiqshuda, mumkin ast ekspertizai ilovagi tain karda, ijroi on ba hamon korshinos yo korshinosi digar supurda shavad.
  2. Dar holati beasos budani khulosai korshinos yo ba miyon omadani shubha oid ba durustii on ekspertizai takrori tain namudan mumkin ast, ki guzaronidani on ba korshinos yo korshinosoni digar supurda meshavad.
  3. Ekspertizai ilovagi yo takrori bo rioyai talaboti bobi mazkur tain va guzaronida meshavad.

 

BOBI 25. ELON KARDANI AYB VA PURSISHI AYBDORSHAVANDA

 

Moddai 221. Ba javobgari kashidan ba sifati aybdorshavanda

 

  1. Hangomi mavjud budani dalelhoi kofi prokuror, mufattish va tahqiqbaranda dar borai ba javobgari kashidani shakhs ba sifati aybdorshavanda dar sodir namudani jinoyat va ba u elon kardani ayb qarori asosnok mebarorand.
  2. Prokuror , mufattish, tahqiqbaranda, aybdorshavandaro az ruzi elon kardani ayb ogoh namuda, hamzamon huquqi uro dar borai davati himoyatgar yo ba mufattish peshnihod kardani darkhost oid ba tamini ishtiroki himoyatgar mefahmonand.
  3. Oid ba parvandae, ki mutobiqi qismhoi 1 va 2 moddai 51 Kodeksi mazkur ishtiroki himoyatgar hatmist, mufattish baroi tamini ishtiroki u choraho meandeshad, ba sharte, ki himoyatgar az jonibi khudi aybdorshavanda, namoyandai qonunii u yo bo suporishi u az jonibi shakhsoni digar davat nagardida boshad.

 

Moddai 222. Qaror dar borai ba javobgari kashidan ba sifati aybdorshavanda

 

  1. Dar qarori ba javobgari kashidan ba sifati aybdorshavanda malumothoi zerin boyad nishon doda shavand:

– vaqt va mahalli tartib dodani on;

– az jonibi ki tartib doda shudani on;

– nom, nomi padari shakhse, ki ba sifati aybdorshavanda ba javobgari kashida meshavad;

– ruz, moh, sol va mahalli tavalludi u;

– bayoni jinoyate, ki tibqi on shakhs aybdor donista meshavad;

– nishon dodani vaqt, mahalli sodir shudani jinoyat;

– holathoi digare, ki boyad mutobiqi moddai 85 Kodeksi mazkur isbot karda shavand;

– Kodeksi jinoyati (modda, qism, band), ki baroi hamin jinoyat javobgari peshbini kardaast.

  1. Qaror boyad masalai ba sifati aybdorshavanda ba javobgari kashidani shakhsro oid ba parvandai tahti taftish qarordoshta dar bar girad.
  2. Hangomi aybdor namudani shakhs dar sodir namudani yakchand jinoyat, ki dar bandu qismhoi mukhtalifi moddahoi Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini shudaand‚ dar qarori ba javobgari kashidani u ba sifati aybdorshavanda boyad zikr gardad, ki kadom amalhoi mushakhkhas, mutobiqi har yak band va qismi moddai Kodeksi jinoyati ba aybdorshavanda bandu bast karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 223. Tartibi davati aybdorshavanda

 

  1. Aybdorshavanda baroi pursish ba nazdi prokuror, mufattish va tahqiqbaranda bo tartibi zerin davat karda meshavad:

-aybdorshavandae, ki dar ozodi meboshad, bo ogohinoma, davatnoma, telefonogramma yo telegramma;

– aybdorshavandae, ki dar habs ast, tavassuti mamuriyati tavqifgohhoi muvaqqati va taftishoti.

  1. Dar davatnoma malumothoi zerin nishon doda meshavand:

nasab,  nom, nomi padar va shakhsi davatshavanda;

– mahal, maqomot, vaqti hozirshavi va ba nazdi ki davat shudan;

– oqibati hozir nashudan.

  1. Davatnoma bo giriftani imzoi aybdorshavanda ba u suporida meshavad va dar holati hozir nabudan ba azoi boligi oilai u yo namoyandai mamuriyati joi kor, joi tahsil yo namoyandai maqomoti khudidorakunii mahalli baroi suporidan ba aybdorshavanda doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 224. Hatmi budani hozir shudani aybdorshavanda

 

  1. Aybdorshavandai dar ozodi buda vazifador ast, ki dar muhlati muayyanshuda bo davati mufattish hozir shavad.
  2. Sababhoi uzrnoki bo davati mufattish hozir nashudani aybdorshavanda inho etirof karda meshavand:

– bemori, ki hozir shudani aybdorshavandaro nomumkin mesozad;

– favtidani kheshovandoni nazdik;

– ofathoi tabii;

– nagiriftani davatnoma;

– holathoi digare, ki dar muhlati muayyan hozir shudani aybdorshavandaro nomumkin mesozad.

  1. Aybdorshavanda boyad mufattish, tahqiqbarandaro az sababi dar muhlati taingardida hozir nashudanash ogoh kunad.

 

Moddai 225. Elon kardani ayb

 

  1. Ayb na dertar az du shabonaruz az lahzai barovardani qaror dar borai ba sifati aybdorshavanda ba javobgari kashidani shakhs dar huzuri himoyatgar elon karda meshavad, ba sharte, ki u dar parvandai jinoyati ishtirok doshta boshad yo ishtiroki himoyatgar mutobiqi Kodeksi mazkur hatmi boshad yo dar in bora aybdorshavanda darkhost karda boshad (QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1333).
  2. Ayb ba aybdorshavanda dar ruzi majburan ovarda shudanash elon karda meshavad. Zimnan, dar surate ki ishtiroki himoyatgar tibqi Kodeksi mazkur hatmi boshad, mufattish boyad baroi ishtirok namudani himoyatgar hangomi peshnihodi ayb hamai chorahoro andeshad (QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1333).
  3. Mufattish badi ba shakhsiyati aybdorshavanda va suporishnoma (order)-i himoyatgar oid ba peshburdi himoya itminon paydo kardan ba aybdorshavanda va himoyatgari u qarori ba sifati aybdorshavanda ba javobgari kashidanro peshnihod mekunad.
  4. Mufattish vazifador ast ba aybdorshavanda mohiyati aybi peshnihodshudaro fahmonad.
  5. Ijroi amalhoi dar qismhoi 3 va 4 hamin modda nishondodashuda bo imzoi aybdorshavanda, himoyatgar va mufattish dar qarori ba sifati aybdorshavanda ba javobgari kashidan bo sabti sanad va soati peshnihodi ayb tasdiq karda meshavad.
  6. Dar holati qarorro imzo nakardani aybdorshavanda mufattish va himoyatgar, ba sharte, ki u hangomi eloni ayb ishtirok doshta boshad, dar qarori ba sifati aybdorshavanda ba javobgari kashidan va dar khususi ba u elon karda shudani matni qaror imzoi tasdiqkunanda meguzorand.
  7. Ba aybdorshavanda nuskhai qarori ba sifati aybdorshavanda ba javobgari kashidani shakhs supurda meshavad.
  8. Nuskhai qaror ba prokuror firistoda meshavad.

 

Moddai 226. Dar taftishi peshaki fahmonda dodani huquqhoi   aybdorshavanda

 

Mufattish aybdorshavandaro bo qarori ba sifati aybdorshavanda ba javobgari kashidanash shinos namuda, vazifador ast, ba u huquqhoyashro, ki moddai 47 Kodeksi mazkur muayyan kardaast, fahmonda, dar in bora dar qaror sabt kunad. Sabt boyad bo imzoi aybdorshavanda, inchunin imzoi himoyatgar tasdiq karda shavad, ba sharte, ki u hangomi eloni ayb hozir boshad.

 

Moddai 227. Pursishi aybdorshavanda

 

  1. Mufattish vazifador ast aybdorshavandaro, badi ba u elon namudani ayb‚ favran pursish kunad va dar surati az dodani nishondod dast kashidani aybdorshavanda dar in bora boyad dar protokoli pursishi u sabt guzorad.
  2. Dar ogozi pursish mufattish boyad muayyan kunad, ki oyo aybdorshavanda khohishmand ast, ki munosibati khudro ba aybi elonshuda izhor namoyad, oyo u ba aybi khud purra yo qisman iqror ast yo gunohi khudro dar borai aybi peshnihodshuda rad mekunad. Dar in bora dar protokoli pursish boyad sabti dakhldor vorid karda shavad.
  3. Ishtiroki himoyatgar hangomi pursishi aybdorshavandai nobolig, aybdorshavandae, ki ba sababi nuqsoni jismoniyu ruhi imkon nadorad huquqashro himoya namoyad va yo zabonero, ki bo on peshburdi parvanda anjom doda meshavad, namedonad, inchunin hangomi aybdorkunii shakhs baroi jinoyate, ki baroi on jazoi yakumra mahrum kardan az ozodi yo jazoi qatl tain kardan mumkin ast, hatmi meboshad.
  4. Aybdorshavanda tibqi qoidahoi moddahoi 199 – 201 Kodeksi mazkur pursish karda meshavad.
  5. Aybdorshavandahoe, ki az rui yak parvanda davat shudaand, dar alohidagi pursish karda meshavand. Zimnan, mufattish boyad baroi bo ham suhbat karda natavonistani onho tamomi chorahoro andeshad.
  6. Hangomi oid ba holathoi parvandai taftishshavanda ba miyon omadani zarurati saheh va yo purra kardani nishondodhoi qablan dodashuda, aybdorshavandaro ba tavri ilova pursish kardan mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 228. Protokoli pursishi aybdorshavanda

 

  1. Oid ba har pursishi aybdorshavanda mufattish bo rioyai talaboti moddai 200 Kodeksi mazkur protokol tartib medihad.
  2. Dar protokoli pursishi yakum malumot dar borai shakhsiyati aybdorshavanda, az jumla nasab, nom, nomi padar, ruz, moh, sol va mahalli tavallud, shahrvandi, millat, tahsilot, vazi oilavi, joi kor, mashguliyat yo vazifa, mahalli istiqomat, qablan sud shudan, inchunin malumothoi digar, ki baroi holathoi parvanda muhimand, zikr karda meshavand. (QJT az 23.07.2016 s., №1332)
  3. Dar protokolhoi minbadai pursish malumotro dar borai shakhsiyati aybdorshavanda, ba sharte, ki tagyir nayofta boshad, tanho bo sabti nasab, nom va nomi padar mahdud kardan mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 229. Tagyir dodan, ilova va yo qisman qat kardani aybi elonshuda

 

  1. Agar hangomi taftishi peshaki baroi tagyir dodan va ilova kardani ayb asose ba miyon oyad, mufattish vazifador ast bo rioyai talaboti moddai 225 Kodeksi mazkur dar borai ba sifati aybdorshavanda ba javobgari kashidan qarori nav barorad va onro bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai moddahoi 225 va 226 Kodeksi mazkur ba aybdorshavanda elon kunad.
  2. Agar dar jarayoni taftishi peshaki yake az qismathoi aybi elonshuda tasdiq nashuda boshad, mufattish bo qarori khud taqibi jinoyatii hamin qismatro qat karda, dar in bora aybdorshavanda va digar ishtirokchiyoni murofiaro ogoh mesozad.

 

BOBI 26. BOZDOSHTAN VA AZ NAV SAR KARDANI TAFTISHI PESHAKI

 

Moddai 230. Asos, tartib va muhlati bozdoshtani taftishi peshaki

 

  1. Taftishi peshaki hangomi mavjud budani yake az asoshoi zayl, ki baroi idoma va khatmi on monea shuda metavonad, bozdoshta meshavad:

– vobasta ba muayyan karda nashudani shakhse, ki boyad ba sifati aybdorshavanda ba javobgari kashida shavad;

– dar holate, ki aybdorshavanda az taftish yo sud pinhon shudaast yo bo sababhoi digar mahalli buduboshi u muayyan karda nashudaast;

– dar surati ba bemorii ruhi yo bemorii digari vaznin giriftor shudani aybdorshavanda, ki az jonibi dukhturi muassisai tabobatii davlati tasdiq karda shudaast;

– dar surate, ki mahalli buduboshi aybdorshavanda malum ast, vale vobasta ba halli masalai mahrum kardani aybdorshavanda az masuniyat yo suporidani u ba davlati khoriji, inchunin binobar dar ekspeditsiya yo safari khizmati ziyoda az du moh budanash imkoniyati voqeii ishtiroki u dar parvanda mavjud nest.

  1. Mufattish dar borai bozdoshtani taftishi peshaki qarori asosnok barovarda, nuskhai onro ba prokuror mefiristad.
  2. Agar ba parvanda du yo yakchand aybdorshavanda jalb shuda, asosi bozdori ba hamai onho dakhl nadoshta boshad, mufattish huquq dorad qismi mavodro ba peshburdi alohida judo namuda, dar in qism peshburdro bozdorad yo agar taftishi peshakiro be ishtiroki aybdorshavandagon davom dodan mumkin naboshad, peshburdi parvandaro bozdorad.
  3. Dar holathoi peshbininamudai sarkhathoi yakum va duyumi qismi 1 hamin modda taftishi peshaki tanho pas az guzashtani muhlati peshburdi on bozdoshta meshavad. Dar holathoi peshbininamudai sarkhati seyumi qismi 1 hamin modda onro pesh az khatmi muhlati taftishi peshaki niz bozdoshtan mumkin ast.
  4. To bozdoshtani taftishi peshaki mufattish vazifador ast hamai amalhoi taftishiro, ki peshburdi onho be ishtiroki aybdorshavanda imkonpazir ast, anjom dihad va baroi koftukovi aybdorshavanda, hamchunin muayyan kardani shakhse, ki jinoyatro sodir kardaast, tamomi chorahoro andeshad.

 

Moddai 231. Amali mufattish pas az bozdoshtani taftishi peshaki

 

  1. Mufattish taftishi peshakiro bozdoshta, vazifador ast jabrdida, namoyandai u, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onhoro khatti ogoh sokhta, hamzamon ba onho fahmonad, ki az qarori bozdoshtani taftishi peshaki dar davomi panj shabonaruz ba prokuror shikoyat kardan mumkin ast. Hangomi bo asoshoi peshbininamudai sarkhati seyumi qismi 1 moddai 230 Kodeksi mazkur bozdoshtani taftishi peshaki inchunin aybdorshavanda va himoyatgar dar in bora ogoh karda meshavand.
  2. Pas az bozdoshtani taftishi peshaki mufattish:

– dar holathoi peshbininamudai sarkhati yakumi qismi 1 moddai 230 Kodeksi mazkur mustaqiman, hamchunin az tariqi maqomoti tahqiq baroi muayyan kardani shakhse, ki boyad ba sifati aybdorshavanda ba javobgari kashida shavad, chora meandeshad;

– dar holathoi peshbininamudai sarkhati duyumi qismi 1 moddai 230 Kodeksi mazkur mahalli buduboshi aybdorshavandaro muayyan mekunad, agar u pinhon shuda boshad, baroi koftukovi u chora meandeshad.

  1. Oid ba parvandae, ki taftishi on bozdoshta shudaast, guzaronidani amali taftishi mumkin nest.

 

Moddai 232. Koftukovi aybdorshavanda

 

  1. Hangomi nomuayyan budani mahalli buduboshi aybdorshavanda mufattish huquq dorad peshburdi koftukovro ba maqomoti tahqiq suporad. In suporish dar qarori bozdoshtani taftishi peshaki zikr megardad yo dar in bobat qarori alohida barovarda meshavad.
  2. Koftukovi aybdorshavandaro chi hangomi peshburdi taftishi peshaki va chi hangomi bozdoshtani taftishi on elon kardan mumkin ast.
  3. Dar surati mavjud budani asoshoi dar moddai 101 Kodeksi mazkur nishondodashuda nisbat ba aybdorshavandai dar koftukovbuda chorahoi peshgiri tatbiq kardan mumkin ast. Dar holathoi peshbininamudai moddai 111 Kodeksi mazkur tatbiqi chorahoi peshgiri dar namudi ba habs giriftan imkonpazir ast.

 

Moddai 233. Az nav sar kardani taftishi peshakii bozdoshtashuda

 

  1. 1. Taftishi peshakii bozdoshtashuda bo qarori asosnoki mufattish az nav sar karda meshavad, ba sharte, ki:

– asoshoi bozdoshtan az bayn rafta boshand;

– zarurati peshburdi amali taftishi ba miyon omada boshad, ki be ishtiroki aybdorshavanda niz anjom dodani on mumkin ast.

  1. Taftishi peshakii bozdoshtashudaro inchunin bo qarori asosnoki prokuror, ki binobar bekor kardani qarori mufattish dar khususi bozdoshtani taftish barovardaast, az nav sar kardan mumkin ast.
  2. Dar borai az nav sar kardani taftishi peshaki aybdorshavanda va himoyatgar, inchunin jabrdida, namoyandai u, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onho ogoh karda meshavand.

 

BOBI  27. QAT KARDANI PARVANDAI JINOYATI

 

Moddai 234. Asoshoi qat kardani parvandai jinoyati

 

  1. Parvandai jinoyati bo asoshoi zerin qat karda meshavad:

– hangomi mavjud budani asoshoi dar moddahoi 27 va 28 Kodeksi mazkur zikrshuda;

– hangomi isbot nashudani ishtiroki gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavanda dar sodir namudani jinoyat, ba sharte, ki tamomi imkoniyatho baroi jamovarii dalelhoi ilovagi istifoda shuda boshand.

  1. Agar az rui parvanda yakchand aybdorshavanda jalb karda shuda, vale asoshoi qat namudani on na ba hamai aybdorshavandagon dakhl doshta boshad, on goh taqibi jinoyati nisbat ba aybdorshavandagoni alohida qat karda meshavad.
  2. Mufattish dar surati qati parvanda bo asoshoi peshbininamudai sarkhathoi yakum va duyumi qismi 1 moddai 27 Kodeksi mazkur, inchunin hangomi isbot nashudani ishtiroki gumonbarshuda yo aybdorshavanda dar sodir namudani jinoyat boyad baroi safed kardani shakhs va jubroni zarari moddii dar natijai gayriqonuni dastgir va yo habs kardan rasonidashuda tamomi chorahoi peshbininamudai qonunro andeshad.

 

Moddai 235. Qaror dar borai qat kardani parvandai jinoyati

 

  1. Dar borai qat kardani parvandai jinoyati mufattish qarori asosnok qabul mekunad.
  2. Dar qismi muqaddimavii qaror vaqt va mahalli tahiyai on, nasab, nom, nomi padar va vazifai mufattish sabt karda meshavad. (ЌЉT az 14.03.14 s., № 1067)
  3. Dar qismi bayoniyu asosnokkunii qaror holathoe, ki sabab va asosi ogozi parvanda gashtaand, natijahoi taftish ba vositai nishon dodani malumot dar borai shakhsone, ki az rui parvanda dar sodir namudani jinoyat gumonbar yo aybdor shudaand, mohiyati on, bandubasti jinoyat va chorahoi peshgirii tatbiqshuda darj meyobad.
  4. Dar qismi khulosavii qaror mufattish dar borai qati parvanda bo takya ba moddai Kodeksi mazkur, ki baroi qati parvanda asos shudaast, inchunin dastur dar borai bekor kardani chorai peshgiri, bekor kardani habsi molu mulk, dar borai taqdiri dalelhoi shayi inikos karda meshavad.
  5. Dar holathoe, ki mutobiqi qonun qati parvanda tanho bo rizoi aybdorshavanda yo jabrdida ijozat doda meshavad, vujud doshtani chunin rozigi boyad dar qaror zikr karda shavad.
  6. Hangomi qati parvanda muvofiqi asoshoi peshbininamudai sarkhathoi yakum va duyumi qismi 1 moddai 27 va qismi 1 moddai 229 Kodeksi mazkur ba qaror dokhil namudani ifodahoi zeri shubha guzorandai begunohii shakhse, ki nisbat ba u parvanda qat shudaast, man meboshad.
  7. Nuskhai qaror dar borai qat kardani parvandai jinoyati ba prokuror firistoda meshavad.

 

Moddai 236. Amali mufattish pas az qati parvandai jinoyati

 

  1. Mufattish az qati parvanda va asoshoi qati on gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, himoyatgaroni onho, jabrdida va namoyandai u, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onho, inchunin shakhs va yo muassisaero, ki tibqi arizai onho parvanda ogoz shuda bud, khatti ogoh mesozad. Dar surati qati parvanda nisbati davatshavanda mufattish dar muhlati haft ruz ba komissariati harbii nohiyavi (shahri) dar in bora khabar medihad.
  2. Ba shakhsone, ki dar qismi 1 hamin modda zikr shudaand, huquqi shinosshavi bo mavodi parvanda va tartibi shikoyat kardan az qarori qati on fahmonda meshavad. Bo khohishi in shakhson nuskhai qarori qati parvanda ba onho suporida meshavad.
  3. SHinosoi bo mavodi parvanda bo rioyai talaboti moddahoi 240-242 Kodeksi mazkur surat megirad.
  4. Agar dar natijai taftish holathoe muqarrar karda shuda boshand, ki nisbati shakhsi ba sifati aybdorshavanda ba javobgari kashidashuda yo shakhsoni digar tatbiq namudani chorahoi tasirrasonii intizomi yo jazoi mamuriro talab mekunand, mufattish parvandaro qat karda, malumotro ba mamuriyati joi kori u merasonad va mavodro baroi tatbiqi chorahoi tasirrasoni ba maqomoti salohiyatdor ravon mekunad, ba sharte, ki muhlati ba javobgarii mamuri va intizomi kashidan naguzashta boshad.

 

Moddai 237. SHikoyat kardan az qarori qati parvandai  jinoyati

 

  1. Az qarori mufattish dar borai qati parvandai jinoyati gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, himoyatgaroni onho, jabrdida va namoyandai u, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va yo namoyandagoni onho, inchunin shakhs va yo namoyandai muassisa, ki tibqi arizai onho parvandai jinoyati ogoz shuda bud, ba prokurore, ki ba taftish nazorat mekunad, dar davomi haft shabonaruz az lahzai ba onho suporidani nuskhai in qaror yo ogohinoma dar borai qati parvanda shikoyat kardanashon mumkin ast.
  2. Agar parvanda bo rizoi prokuror qat karda shuda boshad, az qaror ba prokurori boloi shikoyat karda meshavad.
  3. Muhlati bo sababhoi uzrnok guzaronidashuda oid ba dodani shikoyat az jonibi prokurore, ki ba vay shikoyat rasidaast, barqaror karda shudanash mumkin ast.
  4. Dar holati shikoyatro qone nagardonidani prokuror az qati parvandai jinoyati tibqi qoidahoi moddai 124 Kodeksi mazkur ba sud shikoyat kardan mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 238. Az nav sar kardani peshburdi parvandai jinoyatii qatshuda

 

  1. Agar muhlati ba javobgarii jinoyati kashidani shakhs naguzashta boshad, peshburdi parvandai jinoyatii qatshuda bo qarori prokuror dar holathoi zayl az nav sar karda meshavad:

– bekor kardani qarori mufattish dar borai qat kardani parvandai jinoyati;

– az jonibi sud bo tartibi muayyannamudai moddai 124 Kodeksi mazkur qone kunonidani shikoyat dar khususi beasos budani qati parvandai jinoyati;

  1. Dar borai az nav sar kardani peshburdi parvandai jinoyati gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda va himoyatgaroni onho, jabrdida va namoyandai u, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onho, inchunin shakhs yo muassisa, ki bo arizai onho parvanda ogoz shuda bud, khatti ogoh karda meshavand.

 

BOBI 28. BA PROKUROR IRSOL KARDANI PARVANDAI JINOYATI BO FIKRI AYBDORKUNI

 

Moddai 239. Eloni anjomi taftishi peshaki oid ba parvandai jinoyati

 

  1. Mufattish bo etirofi on ki tamomi amalhoi taftishi az rui parvandai jinoyati anjom doda shudaand va dalelhoi jamovarda baroi tartib dodani fikri aybdorkuni kifoyaand, vazifador ast, ki dar in bora aybdorshavandaro ogoh sozad va ba u fahmonad, ki huquq dorad shakhsan yo bo yorii himoyatgar ba tamomi mavodi parvanda shinos shuda, dar borai purra kardani taftishi peshaki baroi qabul kardani qarori digar nisbat ba parvanda darkhost kunad.
  2. Mufattish dar borai anjomi taftishi peshaki va huquqi shinos shudan bo mavodi parvanda va arzi darkhost vazifador ast, ki himoyatgari aybdorshavandaro, ba sharte, ki u dar parvanda ishtirok namoyad, inchunin jabrdida va namoyandai u, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onhoro ogoh sozad.
  3. Agar himoyatgari aybdorshavanda yo namoyandai jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani bo sababhoi uzrnok baroi shinos shudan bo parvanda dar vaqti muayyanshuda hozir shuda natavonad, mufattish muhlati shinosshaviro ba muddati na beshtar az panj shabonaruz ba takhir meguzorad.
  4. Dar surati hozir nashudani himoyatgar yo namoyanda dar davomi in muhlat mufattish baroi hozir shudani himoyatgar yo namoyandai digar chora meandeshad.
  5. Dar holathoi istisnoi az rui parvanda oid ba jinoyathoi vaznin va makhsusan vaznin, ki aybdorshavanda berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror doshta, az hozir shudan ba taftishot sarkashi mekunad, mufattish oid ba anjomi taftishi peshaki va huquqi shinos shudan bo mavodi parvanda va peshnihodi darkhost oid ba purra kardani taftishi peshaki himoyatgarro ogoh menamoyad (QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1333).

 

Moddai 240. Bo mavodi parvandai jinoyati shinos kardani jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onho

 

  1. Mufattish dar holati izhori darkhosti shifohi yo khattii jabrdida, namoyandai u, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onho in shakhsonro bo hamai mavodi parvanda yo bo on qismati parvanda, ki onho shinos shudan mekhohand, shinos mekunad. Agar davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani yo namoyandai onho dar borai shinos shudan bo mavodi parvanda darkhost arz karda boshand, tanho bo on qisme, ki ba davoi grajdani dakhl dorad, shinos karda meshavad.
  2. SHinos kardan bo tartibi peshbinikardai moddai 241 Kodeksi mazkur surat megirad.

 

Moddai 241. SHinos kardani aybdorshavanda va himoyatgari u bo mavodi parvanda

 

  1. Mufattish talaboti moddahoi 239-240 Kodeksi mazkurro ijro namuda, ba aybdorshavanda va himoyatgari u tamomi mavodi parvandaro, ki boyad dukhta va raqamguzori shavand, peshnihod mekunad. Baroi shinosoi inchunin dalelhoi shayi peshnihod gardida, bo khohishi aybdorshavanda yo himoyatgari u fonogramma, sabti video, kinofilmho, slaydho, ba sharte, ki onho ba protokoli amali taftishi zamima gardida boshand, baroi shunidan va tamosho kardan niz peshnihod meshavand. Bo khohishi aybdorshavanda yo himoyatgari u onho metavonand bo mavodi parvanda yakjoya yo dar alohidagi shinos karda shavand. Dar holathoi peshbininamudai qismi 5 moddai 239 Kodeksi mazkur mavodi parvanda baroi shinos shudan ba himoyatgar peshnihod karda meshavad (QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1333).
  2. Agar parvanda az yakchand jild iborat boshad, aybdorshavanda va himoyatgar dar jarayoni shinosshavi bo mavodi parvanda huquq dorand takroran ba har yak jildi on bargardand, az onho hama guna malumotro ba andozai gunogun ruynavis kunand, az jumla hujjathoro bo yorii vositahoi tekhniki nuskhabardori namoyand, ki boyad az jonibi mufattish tasdiq karda shavand. Ruynavisho va nuskhai hujjathoi parvanda, ki doroi malumoti sirri davlati, tijorati yo digar sirri bo qonun hifzshavanda meboshand, dar parvanda nigoh doshta shuda‚ ba aybdorshavanda va himoyatgari u hangomi muhokimai sudi supurda meshavand, ki onho tanho dar majlisi sudi istifoda burda, badi anjomi har yak majlisi sudi baroi nigoh doshtan dar parvanda bargardonida meshavand. (QJT az 27.11.14s., №1134)
  3. Muhlate, ki baroi shinos shudani aybdorshavanda va himoyatgari u bo hamai mavodi parvanda zarur ast, mahdud karda nameshavad. Agar aybdorshavanda yo himoyatgar muhlati shinosshaviro bo mavodi parvanda kashol dihand, mufattish va prokuror huquq dorand bo qarori asosnoki khud muhlati muayyanro, ki baroi shinos shudan bo mavodi parvanda kifoya ast, muqarrar namoyand. Dar surati be sababhoi uzrnok dar muhlati muqarrarshuda ba okhir narasonidani shinosshavi bo mavodi parvandai jinoyati bo qarori mufattish yo prokuror shinosshavi bo mavodi parvandai jinoyati anjomyofta hisobida meshavad (QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1333).
  4. Pas az anjomi shinosoii aybdorshavanda va himoyatgar bo mavodi parvanda mufattish vazifador ast az onho pursad, ki oyo onho mekhohand darkhost arz namoyand va boz dar borai chi arz kardan mekhohand.

 

Moddai 242. Protokol dar borai shinosoi bo mavodi parvandai jinoyati

 

  1. Dar khususi ba aybdorshavanda elon kardani anjomi taftishi peshaki va shinosoi bo hamai mavodi parvanda protokoli yagona tartib doda, dar on mahal va sanai guzaronidani amalhoi taftishi, vaqti ogoz va anjomi on, vazifa, nasab, nom va nomi padari shakhsi protokolro tartibdoda, bo kadom parvandai jinoyati shinosoi surat megirad, nasab, nom, nomi padari aybdorshavanda va moddai Kodeksi jinoyati, ki dar asosi on ba u ayb elon karda shudaast, khohishi aybdorshavanda bobati shinosoi bo ishtiroki himoyatgar yo be ishtiroki u (oid ba parvandahoe, ki ishtiroki himoyatgar dar onho hatmi nest), dar borai tamin bo tarjumon, varaqa va jildi parvanda bo nishon dodani vaqt va sanai shinosshavi, darkhosti aybdorshavanda va himoyatgar badi shinosoi bo parvanda, ba sharte, ki boshand, nishon doda meshavad. Protokolro shakhsoni dar shinosoi ishtirokdoshta imzo mekunand. Zimni tartib dodani protokol talaboti moddai 172 Kodeksi mazkur niz rioya karda meshavad. Dar borai shinosoii jabrdida va namoyandai u, davogari grajdani va javobgari grajdani yo namoyandagoni onho tibqi talaboti hamin modda protokol tartib doda meshavad.
  2. Agar shinosoi bo mavodi parvanda az jonibi aybdorshavanda va himoyatgari u yo jabrdida va namoyandai u yakjoya surat girifta boshad, protokoli yagona tartib doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 243. Arzi darkhost va barrasii on

 

  1. Darkhosti aybdorshavanda va himoyatgari u, inchunin jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onho, ki pas az shinosoi bo mavodi parvanda shifohi izhor shudaand, dar protokoli shinosoi bo mavodi parvanda inikos karda meshavand.
  2. Agar ishtirokchii parvanda dar borai dodani darkhosti khatti arz kunad, baroi tahiyai on vaqti muayyan judo karda‚ dar in bora dar protokol sabt karda, sipas on khatti ba parvanda zamima karda meshavad.
  3. Mutobiqi moddai 175 Kodeksi mazkur mufattish huquq nadorad qone namudani darkhostro dar borai muayyan kardani holathoe, ki baroi parvanda doroi ahamiyat meboshand, rad kunad. Dar chunin holatho mufattish vazifador ast taftishi peshakiro purra namoyad, zimnan bo mavodi parvandai jinoyati shinos shudani ishtirokchiyoni digari murofia ba halli darkhost va dar surati hal gashtani on ba guzaronidani taftish mone nameshavad.
  4. Pas az guzarondani amali ilovagii taftishi mufattish vazifador ast ishtirokchiyoni murofiaro az khatmi taftishi peshaki az nav ogoh sozad va ba onho sharoit faroham ovarad, ki bo mavodi ilovagii parvanda shinos shavand.
  5. Dar surati purra yo qisman rad namudani qonegardonii darkhost mufattish qaror barovarda, tartibu muhlati shikoyat ovardanro fahmonida, nuskhai qarorro ba arizadihanda ravon mekunad.

 

Moddai 244. Fikri aybdorkuni

 

  1. Pas az anjomi taftishi peshaki va bo mavodi parvanda shinos kardani shakhsoni dar moddai 239 Kodeksi mazkur nombarshuda mufattish fikri ayborkuniro tartib medihad.
  2. Fikri aybdorkuni az qismi muqaddima, bayoniyu asosnokkuni va khulosa iborat ast.
  3. Dar qismi muqaddima mufattish nom, nomi padar va nasabi i aybdorshavanda (aybdorshavandagon)-ro, ki nisbat ba u (onho) fikri aybdorkuni tahiya megardad, modda, qism va bandi qonuni jinoyati, ki muvofiqi on amali u bandubast meshavad, inikos mekunad.
  4. Dar qismi bayoniyu asosnokkuni inho inikos megardand:

– mohiyati aybdorkuni;

– mahal va vaqti sodir namudani jinoyat;

– usul, sabab, oqibat va holathoi digari muhim;

– malumot dar borai jabrdida, khususiyat va andozai zarari ba u rasonidashuda, davogar va javobgari garajdani;

– dalelhoi tasdiqkunandai gunohi aybdorshavanda;

– holathoi sabukkunanda va vazninkunandai jazo;

– vajhhoe, ki aybdorshavanda baroi himoyai khud pesh meorad va natijai sanjishi in vajhho.

  1. Fikri aybdorkuni boyad istinod ba jild va sahifahoi parvandaro dar bar girad.
  2. Dar qismi khulosa malumoti shakhsiyati aybdorshavanda, ifodai aybi elonshuda bo nishon dodani qonuni jinoyati (modda, qism, band), ki baroi hamin jinoyat javobgariro peshbini mekunad, zikr megardad.
  3. Mufattish mahal va sanai tahiyai fikri aybdorkuniro nishon doda, onro imzo mekunad.

 

Moddai 245. Zamima ba fikri aybdorkuni

 

  1. Ba fikri aybdorkuni ruykhati aybdorshavanda, jabrdida, shohidon, korshinos, ki boyad ba majlisi sud davat shavand, zamima megardad.
  2. Ba fikri aybdorkuni inchunin malumotnoma dar borai muhlati taftish, chorahoi intikhobshudai peshgiri bo nishon dodani muhlati nigoh doshtan dar habs va habsi khonagi, dar khususi dalelhoi shayi va joyi nigohdoshti onho, davoi grajdani, dar borai chorahoe, ki baroi tamini davoi grajdani va imkonpazirii musodirai molu mulk andeshida shudaand, kharojoti murofiavi zamima karda meshavand.
  3. Dar ruykhati shakhsone, ki boyad ba majlisi sud davat karda shavand, nom, nomi padar va nasab, mahalli zist yo buduboshi onho va varaqahoi parvanda, ki dar on nishondodi onho yo khulosaho inikos gardidaand, zikr meshavand. Dar holathoi peshbininamudai qonun va Kodeksi mazkur dar in ruykhat tanho takhallusi shakhsone, ki boyad ba majlisi sud davat karda shavand, sabt megardad.

 

Moddai 246. Ba prokuror irsol kardani parvandai jinoyati

 

Badi az jonibi mufattish imzo shudani fikri aybdorkuni parvandai jinoyati favran ba prokuror ravon karda meshavad.

 

BOBI 29. AMAL VA QARORI PROKUROR OID BA PARVANDAI JINOYATIE, KI BO FIKRI AYBDORKUNI VORID SHUDAAST

 

Moddai 247. Masalahoero, ki prokuror vobasta ba parvandai jinoyatii bo fikri aybdorkuni voridshuda hal mekunad

 

  1. Prokuror boyad dar muhlati haft shabonaruz parvandai jinoyatii bo fikri aybdorkuni voridshudaro omukhta, holathoi zerinro sanjad:

– oyo kirdori jinoyatii ba aybdorshavanda mansub joy dorad va dar in kirdor tarkibi jinoyat mavjud ast yo ne;

– oyo dar parvanda holathoe mavjud nestand, ki metavonand boisi qati on gardand;

– oyo aybi elonshuda asosnok ast va on bo dalelhoi dar parvanda mavjuda tasdiq megardad;

– oyo nisbat ba hamai kirdorhoi sodirkardai aybdorshavanda, ki muayyan va isbot shudaand, ayb elon karda shudaast;

– oyo hamai shakhsone, ki dar parvanda dar borai jinoyat sodir namudanashon dalel ba dast ovarda shudaast, ba sifati aybdorshavanda jalb gardidaand;

– oyo kirdori aybdorshavanda durust bandubast shudaast;

– oyo chorai  peshgiri durust intikhob gardidaast va yo dar parvanda baroi tagyir dodan yo bekor kardani on asos mavjud ast;

– oyo baroi tamini davoi grajdani va imkonpazirii musodirai molu mulk choraho andeshida shudaand;

– oyo fikri aybdorkuni mutobiqi talaboti Kodeksi mazkur tartib doda shudaast;

– oyo dar peshburdi taftishi peshaki ba vayronkunii jiddii qonuni murofiavii jinoyati roh doda nashudaast;

– oyo tahqiqi ibtidoi yo taftishi peshaki hamajoniba, purra va kholisona guzaronida shudaast;

– oyo sharoite, ki baroi sodirshavii jinoyat musoidat kardaand, muayyan karda, baroi rafi oqibati onho chora andeshida shudaast.

  1. Muhlati dar qismi 1 hamin modda zikrshuda ba muhlati taftish dokhil nameshavad.

 

Moddai 248. Qarori prokuror oid ba parvandae, ki bo fikri aybdorkuni vorid gardidaast

 

  1. Prokuror yo muovini u parvandai az mufattish bo fikri aybdorkuni voridshudaro barrasi namuda, huquq dorand yake az qarorhoi zerinro qabul namoyand:

– fikri aybdorkuniro tasdiq kunand;

– bo qarori khud bandhoi alohidai aybdorkuniro khorij namoyand;

– kirdori aybdorshavandaro bo tatbiqi qonun dar borai jazoi nisbatan sabuk bandubast namoyand;

– parvandai jinoyatiro purra yo nisbat ba aybdorshavandagoni alohida qat namoyand;

– parvandaro bo dasturoti khattii khud baroi peshburdi taftishi ilovagi yo az nav tahiya kardani fikri aybdorkuni ba mufattish bargardonand;

– dar holathoi istisnoi az rui parvanda oid ba jinoyathoi vaznin va makhsusan vaznin, ki aybdorshavanda berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror doshta, az hozir shudan ba taftishot sarkashi  mekunad‚ fikri aybdorkuniro tasdiq karda, parvandaro ba sud bo darkhost oid ba guzaronidani murofiai sudi dar goibii sudshavanda irsol namoyad (QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1333).

–  fikri aybdorkuni tartib dihand.

  1. Prokurorhoi shahru nohiyaho va prokurorhoi ba onho barobarkardashuda fikri aybdorkunii parvandahoi jinoyatiro, ba istisnoi parvandahoi jinoyati oid ba jinoyathoe, ki baroi onho dar Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston jazoi yakumra az ozodi mahrum sokhtan yo jazoi qatl peshbini shudaast, az rui tobeiyat tasdiq mekunand. Fikri aybdorkunii parvandahoi jinoyati oid ba jinoyathoe, ki baroi onho dar Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston jazoi yakumra az ozodi mahrum sokhtan yo jazoi qatl peshbini shudaast, az jonibi Prokurori generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston va muovinoni u, Sarprokurori harbi, prokurori Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, viloyatho, shahri Dushanbe, prokurori naqliyoti Tojikiston va muovinoni onho az rui tobeiyat tasdiq karda meshavad. (ЌЉT az 14.03.14 s., № 1067)

 

Moddai 249. Qaror dar borai chorahoi peshgiri

 

Oid ba parvandai jinoyatie, ki bo fikri aybdorkuni ba prokuratura vorid shudaast, prokuror yo muovini u dar doirai salohiyati khud huquq dorand bo qarori khud chorahoi peshgirii qablan dar haqqi aybdorshavanda andeshidashudaro bekor kunand yo tagyir dihand, inchunin chorahoi digari peshgiriro ba istisnoi habs kardan yo ba habsi khonagi giriftan intikhob namoyand.

 

Moddai 250. Ba sud irsol kardani parvandai jinoyati

 

  1. Pas az tasdiq kardani fikri aybdorkuni prokuror ba aybdorshavanda va dar holathoi bo sarkhati shashumi qismi 1 moddai 248 Kodeksi mazkur peshbininamuda, ba himoyatgar suporidani nuskhai fikri aybdorkuni va zamimai onro tamin mekunad. Agar aybdorshavanda zabonero, ki bo on fikri aybdorkuni tartib doda shudaast, nadonad, nuskhai fikri aybdorkuni bo tarjuma ba zabone, ki u medonad, supurda meshavad. Bo darkhosti himoyatgar yo jabrdida nuskhai fikri aybdorkuni ba onho niz supurda meshavad. (QJT az 15.03.16 s., №1275; QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1333).
  2. Mamuriyati joyhoi dar habs nigoh doshtan bo darkhosti prokuror, mufattish va yo tahqiqbaranda ba aybdorshavandai dar habs nigohdoshtashuda nuskhai fikri aybdorkuniro bo giriftani zabonkhat, ki dar on boyad imzo, ruz va vaqti suporidan guzoshta shavad, mesuporad. Nuskhai aslii zabonkhat ba sud peshnihod karda meshavad. (QJT az 15.03.16 s., №1275)
  3. Prokurore, ki fikri aybdorkuniro tasdiq kardaast, boyad parvandai jinoyatiro ba sud az rui tobeiyati sudi irsol karda, hamzamon dar in bora ba aybdorshavanda, himoyatgar, jabrdida va namoyandai u, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onho khabar dihad. (QJT az 15.03.16 s., №1275)
  4. Badi ba sud irsol kardani parvandai jinoyati hamai darkhostu shikoyatho oid ba parvanda bevosita ba sud irsol karda meshavand. (QJT az 15.03.16 s., №1275)

 

QISMI III. PESHBURDI SUDI

FASLI VIII. PESHBURDI PARVANDAI JINOYATI DAR SUDI MARHILAI YAKUM

BOBI 30. TOBEIYATI SUDI

 

Moddai 251. Tobeiyati sudii parvandahoi jinoyati

 

  1. Ba sudhoi shahri va nohiyavi hamai parvandahoi jinoyati, ba gayr az parvandahoe, ki ba sudhoi boloi yo sudhoi harbi tobeand, tobeiyati sudi dorand.
  2. Sudhoi shahri va nohiyavi dar rafti barrasii tosudii parvandahoi jinoyati oid ba masalahoe, ki dar qismi 1 moddai 35 va moddai 124 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini gardidaand, qaror qabul menamoyand, agar dar qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tartibi digare peshbini nagardida boshad. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)

 

 

Moddai 252. Tobeiyati parvandahoi jinoyati ba sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, sudhoi  viloyat, sudi shahri Dushanbe

 

Ba sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, sudhoi viloyat, sudi shahri Dushanbe hamai parvandahoi jinoyati, ki baroi onho mutobiqi qonun jazoi yakumra az ozodi mahrum kardan yo jazoi qatl peshbini shudaast, ba gayr az parvandahoi marbuti sudhoi harbi, tobeiyati sudi dorand.

 

Moddai 253. Tobeiyati parvandahoi jinoyati ba Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston

 

  1. Ba Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston parvandahoi jinoyatie, ki dar moddai 252 Kodeksi mazkur zikr shudaand va onho dar nohiya va shahrhoi tobei jumhuri sodir shudaand, tobeiyati sudi dorand.
  2. Ba Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston hamchunin parvandahoi jinoyatie, ki doroi sirri davlati meboshand va yo tibqi qonun barrasii onho ba salohiyati Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston voguzoshta shudaast, tobeiyati sudi dorand.

 

Moddai 254. Tobeiyati parvandahoi jinoyati ba sudhoi harbi

 

  1. Ba sudhoi harbii Jumhurii Tojikiston parvandahoi jinoyatii zerin tobeiyati sudi dorand:

– parvandaho dar borai tamomi jinoyathoe, ki khizmatchiyoni harbi, hamchunin uhdadoroni harbi dar davrai guzashtani jamomadi harbi sodir namudaand;

– parvandaho dar borai jinoyathoe, ki khizmatchiyoni harbii vohidho va qismhoi militsiyai az rui davat tashkilkardashudai Vazorati korhoi dokhilii Jumhurii Tojikiston sodir kardaand;

– parvandaho dar borai jinoyathoi ziddi tartibi muqarrarshudai adoi khizmat, ki shakhsoni hayati rohbarikunandai muassisahoi islohi sodir namudaand;

– parvandaho dar borai josusi.

  1. Sudhoi harbi yakjoya bo parvandahoi jinoyati davoi grajdanii qismhoi harbi, korkhonayu muassisa va tashkilotho, shakhsoni digari huquqiro, sarfi nazar az shaklhoi molikiyatashon, hamchunin davoi shahrvandonro dar borai ruyonidani tovoni zarari moddie, ki ba onho dar natijai jinoyati sodirnamudai khizmatchiyoni harbi rasonida shudaast, barrasi menamoyand.
  2. Sudhoi harbii garnizonho dar rafti barrasii tosudii parvandahoi jinoyati oid ba masalahoi dar qismi 1 moddai 35 va moddai 124 hamin Kodeks peshbinigardida qaror qabul menamoyand, agar dar qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston tartibi digare peshbini nagardida boshad. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)
  3. Hangomi aybdor donistani shakhs yo guruhi shakhson dar sodir namudani yak yo yakchand jinoyat, ba sharte, ki aqallan parvanda dar borai yak jinoyat ba Sudi harbi tobeiyat dorad, parvandahoi hamai jinoyathoro Sudi harbi barrasi mekunad.
  4. Hangomi aybdor donistani guruhi shakhson dar sodir namudani yak yo yakchand jinoyat, ba sharte, ki parvanda aqallan nisbat ba yak aybdorshavanda dar tobeiyati sudi harbi qaror doshta boshad, parvandahoro nisbat ba hamai aybdorshavandagon sudi harbi barrasi menamoyad.
  5. Parvandahoro oid ba jinoyathoi shakhsoni dar sarkhathoi yakum-seyumi qismi 1 hamin modda zikrshuda, ki hangomi adoi khizmati harbi sodir namudaand va dar vaqti barrasii parvanda dar sud az khizmat javob shudaand, sudhoi harbi barrasi mekunand.
  6. Tobeiyati sudii parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoe, ki shakhs to vaqti davat ba khizmat yo dokhil shudan ba khizmati nizomii dar maqomoti dar sarkhathoi yakum – seyumi qismi 1 hamin modda peshbinigardida sodir namudaast, tibqi talaboti moddahoi 251-253 Kodeksi mazkur muayyan karda meshavad.
  7. Ba Sudi harbii garnizon parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi sodirnamudai shakhsoni doroi unvoni to podpolkovnik tobeiyati sudi dorand.
  8. Parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi sodirnamudai shakhsone, ki doroi unvoni polkovnik va az on baland yo vazifai farmondehi polkro ishgol mekunand va shakhsoni az rui vazifai khizmati ba onho barobar, parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi sodirnamudai khizmatchiyoni harbi, ki baroi onho qonuni jinoyati jazoi yakumra mahrum kardan az ozodi yo qatl peshbini namudaast, ba Kollegiyai harbii Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston tobeiyati sudi dorand.
  9. Kollegiyai harbii Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston huquq dorad hama guna parvandaro, ki ba sudi harbii poyoni tobeiyati sudi dorand, ba sifati sudi marhilai yakum ba barrasii khud qabul namoyad.

 

Moddai 255. Huquqi sudi boloi baroi ba barrasi giriftani parvandahoi jinoyatii tobei sudi poyoni

 

Sudi boloi dar holathoi istisno huquq dorad az sudi poyoni hama guna parvandahoi jinoyatiro talab karda, ba peshburdi khud qabul namuda, ba sifati sudi marhilai yakum barrasi namoyad.

 

Moddai 256. Tobeiyati sudii hududii parvandahoi jinoyati

 

Parvandai jinoyati boyad dar hamon sude mavridi barrasi qaror girad, ki dar hududi faoliyati on jinoyat sodir shudaast. Agar mahalli sodir shudani jinoyatro muayyan kardan imkonnopazir boshad, parvanda tobei on sude meboshad, ki dar doirai hududi faoliyati on peshburdi taftishi peshaki yo tahqiqi parvanda anjom doda shudaast.

 

Moddai 257. Muayyan kardani tobeiyati sudi hangomi yakjoya kardani parvandahoi jinoyati

 

  1. Hangomi aybdor kardani shakhs yo guruhi shakhson dar sodir namudani yakchand jinoyat, ki parvandai onho ba sudhoi marhilahoi gunogun tobeiyat dorad, parvanda oid ba hamin jinoyatho az jonibi sudi marhilai boloii sudhoi zikrshuda barrasi karda meshavad.
  2. Parvanda tobei yakchand sudhoi marhilai yakkhela dar sude barrasi karda meshavad, ki dar hududi faoliyati on taftishi peshaki yo tahqiqi parvanda ba okhir rasonida shudaast.

 

Moddai 258.  Supurda shudani parvandai jinoyati az rui tobeiyati sudi

 

  1. Agar sud, sudya hangomi muayyan kardani on ki parvandai voridshuda tobei hamin sud nameboshad, onro az rui tobeiyati sudi ravon mekunad.
  2. Agar sud, sudya muayyan namoyad, ki parvandai jinoyatii dar peshburdash qarordoshta ba sudi digari marhilai yakkhela tobeiyat dorad, tanho dar hamon holat huquq dorad in parvandai jinoyatiro dar peshburdash monad, ba sharte, ki barrasii parvandaro dar majlisi sud ogoz namuda boshad. Agar parvanda tobei sudi boloi yo sudi harbi boshad, on boyad dar hama holat az rui tobeiyati sudi ravona karda shavad.
  3. Parvandaero, ki barrasiash dar majlisi sudii sudi boloi ogoz shudaast, ba sudi poyoni irsol kardan mumkin nest.

 

Moddai 259. Ba sudi digar supurdani parvandai jinoyati az sude, ki tahti tobeiyati sudii on qaror dorad

 

  1. Dar holathoi alohida bo maqsadi purra va kholisona barrasi kardani parvandai jinoyati onro az yak sud ba sudi digari hamto supurdan mumkin ast. Bo in asosho supurdani parvandai jinoyati tanho pesh az ogozi barrasii on dar majlisi sud ijozat doda meshavad.
  2. Masalai bo asoshoi zikrshuda supurdani parvandai jinoyati az sudi nohiya (shahr) ba sudi digar dar hududi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, viloyatho va shahri Dushanbe muvofiqan az jonibi raisi sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, raisoni sudhoi viloyat va shahri Dushanbe ijozat doda meshavad.
  3. Ba sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, sudhoi viloyat va shahri Dushanbe az yak sud ba sudi digari shahru nohiyahoi tobei jumhuri supurdani parvandai jinoyatiro bo asoshoi peshbininamudai qismi 1 hamin modda Raisi Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston yo muovini u ijozat medihand.

 

Moddai 260. Noravoii bahs dar borai tobeiyati sudi

 

Bahsho dar borai tobeiyati sudi bayni sudho noravo meboshad. Hama guna parvandae, ki bo tartibi peshbinikardai moddahoi 258 va 259 Kodeksi mazkur az yak sud ba sudi digar irsol gardidaast, boyad az jonibi sude, ki ba on ravon karda shudaast, be chunucharo baroi peshburd qabul karda shavad.

 

BOBI 31. TAINI MUHOKIMAI SUDI VA OMODAGI BA ON

 

Moddai 261. Salohiyati sudya oid ba parvandai ba sud voridshuda

 

  1. Sudya oid ba parvandai jinoyatii ba sud voridshuda yake az qarorhoi zerinro qabul mekunad:

– dar borai tain namudani majlisi sud;

– dar borai bargardonidani parvanda ba taftishi ilovagi;

– dar borai bozdoshtani peshburdi parvanda;

– dar borai tibqi tobeiyati sudi firistodani parvanda;

– dar borai  qat kardani parvanda.

  1. Oid ba parvandai jinoyati sudya sanadi khudro dar shakli qaror qabul mekunad, ki dar on boyad inho nishon doda shavand:

– vaqt va mahalli qabul kardani qaror;

– mansab, nasab, nom va nomi padari sudyae, ki qaror qabul kardaast;

– asos va mohiyati qarorhoi qabulshuda.

  1. Qaror boyad dar muhlati na dertar az chordah shabonaruz az lahzai ba sud vorid shudani parvandai jinoyati qabul karda shavad. Baroi parvandahoi murakkab va hajman kalon muhlat mumkin ast bo qarori raisi sud to yak moh daroz karda shavad.

 

Moddai 262. Muayyan namudani holathoi vobasta ba parvandai jinoyatii ba sud voridshuda

 

  1. Hangomi ba sud vorid shudani parvandai jinoyati sudya boyad holathoi zerinro muayyan kunad:

– parvanda tahti tobeiyati hamin sud qaror dorad yo ne;

– holathoe, ki boisi qat yo bozdoshtani peshburdi hamin parvanda megardand, vujud dorand yo ne;

– hangomi peshburdi tahqiq va taftishi peshaki ba vayron kardani qonuni murofiavii jinoyati, ki baroi tain namudani majlisi sud monea shuda metavonad, roh doda shudaast yo ne;

– nuskhai fikri aybdorkuni yo qarori ogoz namudani parvandai jinoyati oid ba peshburdi suratnok supurda shudaand yo ne;

– chorai peshgirii intikhobgardidaro tagyir dodan yo bekor kardan zarur ast yo ne;

– jihati tamini ruyonidani tovoni zarar, ki dar natijai sodir namudani jinoyat rasonida shudaast va ehtimoli musodirai molu mulk chora andeshida shudaast yo ne;

– ariza va darkhostho qobili qone gardonidaniand yo ne.

  1. Hangomi barrasii ariza va darkhostho sudya huquq dorad baroi dodani tavzehot shakhs yo namoyandai tashkilotero, ki darkhostro peshnihod kardaast, davat kunad.
  2. Az natijai barrasii darkhost shakhs yo muassisai darkhostro peshnihodnamuda khabardor karda meshavad. Rad namudani darkhost mavridi shikoyat qaror doda nameshavad, ammo onro az nav dar majlisi sud peshnihod namudan mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 263. Tain kardani majlisi sud

 

  1. Sudya mavjud nabudani asoshoi baroi barrasii parvanda dar majlisi sud moneashavandaro muayyan namuda, dar borai taini majlisi sud qaror mebarorad.
  2. Dar qarori taini majlisi sud masalahoi zayl hal karda meshavand:

–  dar borai joy va vaqti muhokimai sudi;

–  dar borai dar muhokimai sudi ishtirok doshtani himoyatgar, ba sharte, ki ishtiroki vay hatmi boshad;

–  dar borai shakhsone, ki ba majlisi sud davat karda meshavand;

– dar khususi dar majlisi pushidai sud barrasi kardani parvanda dar holathoi peshbininamudai moddai 273 Kodeksi mazkur.

  1. Dar barobari masalahoi dar qismi 2 hamin modda zikrshuda dar qarori taini majlisi sud boyad chorai peshgiri nisbat ba shakhsone, ki az rui parvandai jinoyati aybdor donista meshavand, malumot dar borai shakhsiyati onho‚ bandubasti jinoyate, ki ba onho nisbat doda meshavad, inikos gardad.
  2. Tarafho boyad dar muhlati na kamtar az panj shabonaruz dar borai vaqti ogozi muhokimai sud ogoh karda shavand.

 

Moddai 264. Bargardonidani parvandai jinoyati baroi taftishi ilovagi

 

  1. Dar holati jiddan rioya nakardani talaboti qonuni murofiavii jinoyati dar murofiai sudi sudya huquq dorad parvandaro baroi taftishi ilovagi bargardonad.
  2. Parvandai jinoyati baroi taftishi ilovagi ba prokuror bargardonida meshavad. Sudya boyad dar qarori khud zikr kunad, ki parvanda dar kadom asos bargardonida shudaast va ba tavri mushakhkhas kadom amali taftishiro hangomi taftishi ilovagi guzaronidan zarur ast.
  3. Hangomi ba taftishi ilovagi bargardonidani parvanda sudya boyad masalai tatbiqi chorai peshgiriro nisbat ba aybdorshavanda hal kunad.

 

Moddai 265. Bozdoshtani peshburdi parvandai jinoyati

 

  1. Sud, sudya peshburdi parvandai jinoyatiro dar holathoi zayl bozmedorad:

– hangome ki aybdorshavanda pinhon shudaast va mahalli buduboshi u malum nest;

– hangomi bemori vaznin budani aybdorshavanda, ki az jonibi dukhturi muassisai davlati tasdiq karda shudaast;

– hangomi peshnihodi sud, sudya ba Sudi konstitutsionii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai konstitutsioni budani qonuni dar hamin parvanda tatbiqshuda;

– hangomi tain namudani ekspertiza.

  1. Sudya dar borai bozdoshtani peshburdi parvanda qaror qabul mekunad.
  2. Hangomi bozdoshtani peshburdi parvanda bo asoshoi peshbininamudai sarkhati yakumi qismi 1 hamin modda parvandai jinoyati baroi koftukovi aybdorshavanda ba prokuror bargardonida meshavad. Agar asoshoi bozdoshtani parvanda az bayn rafta boshand, peshburdi on az sari nav ogoz karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 266. Ravon kardani parvandai jinoyati az rui tobeiyati sudi

 

Agar sudya masalai taini muhokimai sudiro hallu fasl namuda, muayyan namoyad, ki parvandai jinoyati ba hamin sud tobeiyat nadorad, onro bo qarori khud tibqi talaboti bobi 30 Kodeksi mazkur az rui tobeiyat ravon mekunad.

 

Moddai 267. CHorahoi tamini davoi grajdani va musodirai  molu mulk

 

Dar surati az jonibi tahqiqbaranda, mufattish va prokuror naandeshidani chorae, ki ruyonidani tovoni zarari bo jinoyat rasonidashuda va ehtimoli musodirai molu mulkro tamin menamoyad, sudya bo qarori khud maqomoti taftishotro vazifador mekunad, ki chorahoi zaruri taminoti andeshand.

 

Moddai 268. Qat kardani peshburdi parvandai jinoyati

 

  1. Sudya hangomi mavjud budani asoshoi dar sarkhathoi seyum-nuhumi qismi 1 moddai 27 Kodeksi mazkur nishondodashuda oid ba qat namudani parvanda qaror mebarorad. Sudya dar borai qat namudani parvanda qaror barovarda, chorai peshgiri, davoi grajdani, musodirai molu mulkro tagyir medihad va masalai dalelhoi shayiro hal mekunad. Nuskhai qarori sudya dar borai qat namudani parvanda ba prokuror, inchunin ba shakhsi ba javobgarii jinoyati kashidashuda va ba jabrdida supurda meshavad.
  2. Sudya inchunin hangomi mavjud budani asoshoi dar moddai 28 Kodeksi mazkur nishondodashuda bo darkhosti prokuror va rizoi jabrdida metavonad parvandaro qat kunad.
  3. Nisbati qaror dar borai qat kardani peshburdi parvandai jinoyati shikoyat va etiroz kardan mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 269. Tayyor namudani muhokimai sudi

 

Badi az jonibi sudya barovardani qaror dar borai tain namudani majlisi sud bo suporishi u kotibi majlisi sud:

– ba sudshavanda va jabrdida nuskhai qarori chorai peshgiriro nisbat ba sudshavanda mefiristad, ba sharte, ki on az tarafi sudya tagyir doda shuda boshad;

– ba majlisi sud shakhsonero davat menamoyad, ki dar borai zarurati davati onho sudya dar qarori tain kardani majlisi sud nishon dodaast;

– digar chorahoro oid ba tayyor kardani muhokimai sudi meandeshad.

 

Moddai 270. Ba tarafho tamin namudani imkoniyati shinosoi bo mavodi parvanda

 

Sudya badi taini majlisi sud vazifador ast ba tarafho dar asosi darkhosti onho baroi shinosoi bo hamai mavodi parvandai jinoyati va az on ruynavis kardani malumoti zaruri imkoniyat faroham ovarand.

 

Moddai 271. Muhlati ogozi muhokimai parvandai jinoyati dar majlisi sud

 

Barrasii parvandai jinoyati boyad dar muhlati na dertar az chordah shabonaruz az lahzai barovardani qarori sudya dar borai tain namudani majlisi sud, dar holathoi istisnoi boshad, dar muhlati si shabonaruz dar majlisi sud ogoz karda shavad.

 

BOBI 32. SHARTHOI UMUMII MUHOKIMAI SUDI

 

Moddai 272. Muhokimai bevosita va shifohii sudi

 

  1. Dar muhokimai sudi hamai dalelhoi parvanda boyad tahti taftishi bevosita qaror doda shavand. Sud, sudya boyad nishondodi sudshavanda, jabrdida, shohid, khulosai korshinosonro shunavad, dalelhoi shayiro az nazar guzaronad, protokol va digar hujjathoro elon kunad va digar amalhoi sudiro oid ba taftishi dalelho anjom dihad.
  2. Eloni nishondode, ki hangomi peshburdi tahqiq yo taftishi peshaki doda shudaand, tanho dar holathoi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur ijozat doda meshavad.
  3. Hukmi sud, sudya tanho bo on dalelhoe, ki dar majlisi sud taftish shudaand, asosnok karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 273. Muhokimai oshkoroi sudi

 

  1. Sud, sudya boyad oshkoro budani muhokimai sudii parvandaro, ba gayr az holathoe, ki on ba fosh shudani sirri davlati va sirri digari bo qonun hifzshuda ovarda merasonad, tamin namoyad.
  2. Muhokimai pushidai sudi, inchunin bo tainoti asosnoki sud (qarori sudya) oid ba parvandahoi jinoyatii shakhsone, ki ba sinni shonzdah narasidaand, ba muqobili ozodi va dakhlnopazirii jinsi va jinoyathoi digar, bo maqsadi peshgirii fosh shudani malumoti janbahoi mahramonai shakhsoni ishtirokchii parvanda yo malumote, ki shanu etibori onhoro past mezanad, inchunin dar holathoe, ki onro manfiati tamini amniyati ishtirokchiyoni murofia va shohidon yo kheshovandoni nazdiki onho talab mekunad, mumkin ast guzaronida shavad.
  3. Parvanda dar majlisi pushidai sud bo rioyai hamai qoidahoi peshburdi sudi barrasi karda meshavad. Tainoti sud (qarori sudya)-ro dar khususi dar majlisi pushida barrasi namudani parvanda oid ba tamomi muhokima yo qismhoi alohidai on barovardan mumkin ast.
  4. Bo maqsadi rioyai makhfiyati mukotiba va murosiloti telegrafi, taftish namudani mukotibai khususi va ittilooti shakhsii shahrvandon dar majlisi oshkoroi sud tanho bo ijozati shakhsone, ki bayni onho chunin mukotiba yo ittilooti telegrafi surat giriftaast, ijozat doda meshavad. Dar aksi hol chunin mukotiba va ittilooti telegrafi dar majlisi pushidai sud elon va taftish karda meshavad. Qoidahoi zikrshuda inchunin hangomi taftishi sabthoi ovoz va video, ki doroi khususiyati shakhsi meboshand, tatbiq karda meshavand.
  5. SHakhsoni ishtirokchii majlisi oshkoroi sud huquq dorand rafti murofiaro ba kogaz va navori magnitofon sabt namoyand. Suratgiri va sabti video tanho bo ijozati raisikunanda va rizoi tarafho mumkin ast.
  6. Noboligoni to shonzdahsola, ba sharte, ki sudshavanda, jabrdida yo az rui parvanda shohid naboshand, ba tolori majlisi sud roh doda nameshavand.
  7. Hukmi sud ba tavri oshkoro elon karda meshavad. Dar holathoi barrasii parvanda dar majlishoi pushida tibqi tainoti (qarori) asosnoki sud, sudya, tanho qismi muqaddima va khulosai hukm elon karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 274. Tagyirnopazirii hayati sud hangomi muhokimai parvandai jinoyati

 

  1. Hangomi dastajamona barrasi kardani parvanda, on boyad az jonibi hamon hayati sud mavridi barrasi qaror girad.
  2. Dar surati imkonnopazirii ishtiroki yake az sudyaho dar majlisi sud ba gayr az holathoi peshbininamudai moddai 275 Kodeksi mazkur on bo sudyai digar ivaz karda, muhokimai parvanda az nav shuru karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 275. Mashvaratchii khalqii ehtiyoti

 

Oid ba parvandai jinoyatie, ki baroi muhokimai sudi muddati darozro talab mekunad, mumkin ast mashvaratchii khalqii ehtiyoti jalb karda shavad. Mashvaratchii khalqii ehtiyotie, ki az ogozi muhokimai parvanda dar tolori majlisi sud ishtirok dorad, dar surati khorij shudani yake az mashvaratchiyoni khalqi uro ivaz mekunad va muhokimai parvanda idoma doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 276. Raisikunanda dar majlisi sud

 

Raisikunanda ba majlisi sud rohbari namuda, tamomi chorahoi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkurro baroi tamini mubohisa va barobarii tarafho meandeshad, ki sud haqqoni va begarazona jarayon girad va baroi hamajoniba va purra taftish namudani holathoi parvanda baroi tarafho sharoiti zaruri faroham ovarad. Raisikunanda inchunin rioyai tartiboti majlisi sudro tamin namuda, ba hamai ishtirokchiyoni muhokimai sudi huquq va uhdadorihoyashon va tartibi tatbiqi onhoro mefahmonad. Dar surati az jonibi yake az ishtirokchiyoni muhokimai sudi arz kardani norozigi ba amali raisikunanda in norozigi dar protokoli majlisi sud inikos megardad.

 

Moddai 277. Barobarhuquqii tarafho dar muhokimai sudi

 

Aybdorkunanda, sudshavanda, himoyatgar, inchunin jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onho baroi izhori raddiya va darkhost, peshnihodi dalel, ishtirok dar taftish, baromad dar muzokirahoi sudi, ba sud peshnihod kardani tavsiya oid ba hamai masalahoi dar sarkhathoi yak-shashi qismi 1 moddai 335 Kodeksi mazkur nishondodashuda, inchunin baroi ishtirok dar barrasii hama masalahoi digar, ki hangomi muhokimai sudii parvanda ba miyon meoyand, az huquqi barobar istifoda mebarand.

 

Moddai 278. Kotibi majlisi sud

 

  1. Kotibi majlisi sud hozir shudani shakhsonero, ki boyad dar majlisi sud ishtirok kunand, taftish namuda, bo suporishi raisikunanda digar amalhoi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkurro anjom medihad.
  2. Kotibi majlisi sud protokoli majlisi sudro tartib medihad. U vazifador ast amal va qarori sud, inchunin amali ishtirokchiyoni murofiaro, ki dar jarayoni majlis joy doshtand, purra va saheh dar protokol inikos namoyad.

 

Moddai 279. Ishtiroki aybdorkunandai davlati dar muhokimai sudi

 

  1. Dar murofiai sud ishtiroki aybdorkunandai davlati hatmist,ba istisnoi parvandahoi jinoyatii aybdorkunii khususi, ki dar onho aybdorkuniro jabrdida dastgiri mekunad.
  2. Prokuror hamchun aybdorkunandai davlati dar sud bo parvandahoi jinoyatii aybdorkunii umumi va khususi-umumi aybdorkunii davlatiro dastgiri mekunad.
  3. Oid ba parvandahoi murakkab va bisyorlahza aybdorkuniro yakchand aybdorkunandai davlati dastgiri karda metavonad.
  4. Dar surati gayriimkon budani ishtiroki aybdorkunandai davlati dar jarayoni tamomi muhokimai sudi uro ivaz kardan mumkin ast.
  5. Vorid shudani aybdorkunandai davlati ba barrasii parvanda boisi takrori amalhoe namegardad, ki to in lahza dar sud anjom doda shuda budand, vale bo darkhosti u baroi shinosoi bo mavodi parvanda va dalelhoi dar taftishi sud barrasishuda sud ba u vaqt judo mekunad.
  6. Aybdorkunandai davlati, ki aybdorkuniro dastgiri mekunad, az rui talaboti qonun va etiqodi botinii khud amal mekunad.
  7. Aybdorkunandai davlati dar taftishi dalel ishtirok namuda, ba sud aqidai khudro dar borai mohiyati aybdorkuni va digar masalhoe, ki hangomi muhokimai sudi ba miyon omadaand, bayon mekunad, inchunin ba sud dar borai tatbiqi qonuni jinoyati va ba sudshavanda tain namudani jazo fikri khudro izhor menamoyad.
  8. Aybdorkunandai davlati mutobiqi talaboti Kodeksi mazkur davoi grajdanii jabrdidaro peshnihod yo dastgiri mekunad, ba sharte, ki onro hifzi manfiati davlat yo jamiyat yo huquqi shahrvandon talab namoyad.
  9. Aybdorkunandai davlati huquq dorad dar borai sabuk kardani aybdorkuni taklif peshnihod namoyad, purra yo qisman az aybdorkuni dast kashad.
  10. Az aybdorkuni dast kashidani aybdorkunandai davlati, ba sharte, ki jabrdida ham az aybdorkuni dast kashida boshad, baroi az jonibi sud qabul kardani tainot (qaror)-i qat namudani parvanda asos shuda metavonad.
  11. Agar jabrdida az aybdorkuni dast nakashida boshad, sud muhokimai parvandaro idoma doda, masalai gunahgor yo begunoh budani sudshavandaro bo tartibi umumi hal mekunad.

 

Moddai 280. Ishtiroki sudshavanda dar muhokimai sudi

 

  1. Muhokimai parvanda dar majlisi sudi marhilai yakum ba gayr az holati peshbininamudai qismhoi 3 va 4 hamin modda bo ishtiroki hatmii sudshavanda meguzarad. Hangomi hozir nabudani sudshavanda barrasii parvanda boyad mavquf guzoshta shavad.
  2. Sud, sudya huquq dorand sudshavandai be sababhoi uzrnok hozirnashudaro majburan orand, nisbati u chorai peshgiriro tatbiq namoyand yo onro tagyir dihand.
  3. Hangomi sarkashi namudani sudshavandai tahti habs qarordoshta az hozir shudan ba majlisi sud sud, sudya huquq dorand parvandaro dar goibii u va bo ishtiroki hatmii himoyatgar barrasi namoyand.
  4. Dar holathoi istisnoi sud metavonad parvandaro oid ba jinoyathoi vaznin va makhsusan vaznin be ishtiroki sudshavandae, ki berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror doshta, az hozirshavi ba muhokimai sudi sarkashi mekunad, barrasi namoyad, agar in shakhs dar hududi davlati khoriji bo hamin jinoyat ba javobgarii jinoyati kashida nashuda boshad (QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1333).
  5. Dar surati az bayn raftani holathoi istisnoii dar qismi 4 hamin modda peshbinishuda hukm yo tainoti sudie, ki goibona qabul karda shudaast, bo darkhosti mahkumshuda yo himoyatgari u tibqi talaboti bobi 42 Kodeksi mazkur bekor karda meshavad. Muhokimai sudi dar in surat bo tartibi umumi guzaronida meshavad (QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1333).

 

Moddai 281. Ishtiroki himoyatgar dar muhokimai sudi

 

  1. Himoyatgari sudshavanda dar taftishi dalelho ishtirok namuda, ba sud dar borai mohiyati aybdorkuni va isbot karda shudani on, dar borai holathoe, ki javobgarii sudshavandaro sabuk yo uro safed mekunand, dar borai chorai jazo va digar masalaho, ki hangomi muhokimai sudi ba miyon omadaand, aqidai khudro izhor mekunad.
  2. Hangomi hozir nashudani himoyatgar va imkonnopazirii ivaz namudani vay muhokimai parvanda mavquf guzoshta meshavad. Agar ishtiroki himoyatgari intikhob yo tainshuda dar majlisi sud dar davomi na kamtar az panj shabonaruz imkonnopazir boshad, sud, sudya huquq dorand ba sudshavanda davati himoyatgari digarro peshnihod kunand yo baroi tain namudani himoyatgar chora andeshand.
  3. Ba himoyatgare, ki nav ba muhokimai parvanda hamroh shudaast, baroi omodagi jihati ishtirok dar muhokimai sudi vaqti zaruri doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 282. Ishtiroki jabrdida dar muhokimai sudi

 

  1. Muhokimai parvanda dar majlisi sudi marhilai yakum bo ishtiroki hatmii jabrdida yo namoyandai u guzaronida meshavad.
  2. Hangomi hozir nashudani jabrdida sud masalai muhokimai parvanda yo mavquf guzoshtani onro vobasta ba on ki oyo dar holati hozir nabudani jabrdida komilan ravshan sokhtani hamai holathoi parvanda va himoyai huququ manfiathoi qonunii u imkonpazir ast, hal mekunad. Agar dar majlisi sud namoyandai jabrdida hozir shavad, sud in masalaro mutobiqi fikri namoyanda hal mekunad.
  3. Muvofiqi darkhosti jabrdida sud, sudya metavonad uro az ishtirok dar majlisi sud ozod namuda, vazifador kunad, ki dar muhlati muayyan baroi dodani nishondod hozir shavad.
  4. Oid ba parvandahoi aybdorkunii khususi be sababhoi uzrnok hozir nashudani jabrdida ba majlisi sudi marhilai yakum boisi qat namudani peshburdi parvanda shuda metavonad, vale bo darkhosti sudshavanda dar goibii jabrdida mohiyatan barrasi shudani parvanda imkonpazir ast.

 

Moddai 283. Ishtiroki davogari grajdani yo javobgari grajdani dar muhokimai sudi

 

  1. Dar muhokimai sudi davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani yo namoyandagoni onho ishtirok mekunand.
  2. Hangomi ba sudi marhilai yakum hozir nashudani davogari grajdani yo namoyandai u mumkin ast davoi grajdani be barrasi monda shavad.
  3. Sud, sudya huquq dorad bo darkhosti davogari grajdani yo namoyandai u davoi grajdaniro dar goibii davogari grajdani mavridi barrasi qaror dihad.
  4. Sud, sudya sarfi nazar az hozir shudani davogari grajdani yo namoyandai u, ba sharte, ki davoro prokuror dastgiri namoyad yo sud, sudya onro zarur shumorad, davoi grajdaniro barrasi mekunad.
  5. Ba sud hozir nashudani javobgari grajdani yo namoyandai u barrasii davoi grajdaniro bozdoshta nametavonad.

 

Moddai 284. Ishtiroki mutakhassis dar muhokimai sudi

 

Mutakhassisi ba sud davatshuda bo tartibi peshbininamudai moddahoi 57 va 179 Kodeksi mazkur dar muhokimai sudi ishtirok mekunad.

 

Moddai 285. Haddi muhokimai sudi

 

  1. Parvanda dar sud tanho nisbat ba aybdorshavandagon va tanho nisbat ba hamon aybe, ki ba u bo tartibi dar Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda elon shudaast, muhokima karda meshavad.
  2. Aybdorkuniro dar sud tagyir dodan mumkin ast, ba sharte, ki vazi sudshavanda badtar nashavad va huquqi u ba himoya rioya gardad.

 

Moddai 286. Mavquf guzoshtan va bozdoshtani muhokimai sudi

  1. Agar dar natijai ba majlisi sud hozir nashudani yake az shakhsoni davatshuda muhokimai parvanda imkonnopazir gardad yo bo darkhosti tarafho zarurati talab karda giriftani dalelhoi nav ba miyon oyad, sud, sudya dar borai mavquf guzoshtani muhokimai parvanda tainot (qaror) mebarorad. Hamzamon baroi davat yo majburan ovardani shakhsoni hozirnashuda, qone namudani darkhostho choraho andeshida meshavand.
  2. Muhokimai parvanda badi mavquf guzoshtan va bozdoshtani on az lahzai mavqufguzori va bozdosht idoma doda, tarafho boyad bo dalelhoi navi ba dastovarda shinos karda shavand.
  3. Agar sudshavanda pinhon shuda boshad, inchunin ba bemorii ruhi yo bemorii digari vaznin giriftor gashta, hozir shudani uro ba majlisi sud imkonnopazir gardonad, sud peshburdi parvandaro nisbat ba in sudshavanda to koftukov namudan yo shifo yoftani u yo giriftani khulosai ekspertiza bozmedorad va nisbati sudshavandagoni digar peshburdi parvandaro idoma medihad. Agar muhokimai alohida halli durusti parvandaro mushkil gardonad, peshburdi parvanda purra bozdoshta meshavad. Koftukovi sudshavandai pinhonshuda bo tainoti (qarori) sud elon karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 287. Bargardonidani parvanda baroi taftishi ilovagi

 

  1. Agar dar jarayoni muhokimai sud holathoi navi qablan nomuayyan va baroi parvanda muhim oshkor shuda boshand, ki taftishi onho dar majlisi sud be taftishi ilovagi imkonnopazir ast, sud, sudya metavonad bo tashabbusi khud yo darkhosti tarafho parvandaro baroi taftishi ilovagi bargardonad.
  2. Sud, sudya parvandaro baroi taftishi ilovagi bargardonida, dar ayni zamon vazifador ast, masalai chorahoi peshgiriro nisbat ba sudshavanda hal kunad.
  3. Hangomi pas az taftishi ilovagi ba sud vorid gardidani parvanda masalai taini majlisi sud bo tartibi umumi hal karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 288. Qat namudani parvanda dar majlisi sud

 

  1. Agar hangomi muhokimai sudi holathoi dar sarkhathoi seyum-nuhumi qismi 1 moddai 27 Kodeksi mazkur nishondodashuda muayyan gardand, inchunin hangomi mutobiqi qoidahoi qismi 10 moddai 279 Kodeksi mazkur az aybdorkuni dast kashidani aybdorkunandai davlati parvandai jinoyati boyad dar majlisi sud qat karda shavad.
  2. Sud, sudya huquq dorad bo asoshoi dar moddai 28 Kodeksi mazkur zikrshuda parvandai jinoyatiro dar majlisi sud qat namoyad.

 

Moddai 289. Halli masalai chorai peshgiri

 

  1. Sud, sudya huquq dorad hangomi muhokimai sudi dar haqqi sudshavanda chorai peshgiriro intikhob namoyad, tagyir dihad yo bekor kunad.
  2. Muhlati chorai peshgiri ba sifati dar habs nigoh doshtani sudshavanda az lahzai ba sud vorid gardidani parvanda to lahzai barovardani hukm az shash moh beshtar shuda nametavonad.
  3. Oid ba parvandahoi jinoyathoi vaznin va makhsusan vaznin bo guzashti muhlati dar qismi 2 hamin modda nishondodashuda sud, sudya huquq dorad bo tainoti (qarori) khud muhlati dar habs nigoh doshtanro to duvozdah moh daroz kunad.
  4. Pas az guzashtani muhlati tahti habs qaror dodan, ki dar qismhoi 2 va 3 hamin modda nishon doda shudaand, sud, sudya boyad chorai peshgiriro dar haqqi sudshavanda ba digar chorai peshgiri ivaz kunad.

 

Moddai 290. Tartibi barovardani tainot va qaror dar  majlisi sud

 

  1. Oid ba hamai masalahoe, ki hangomi muhokimai sudi az tarafi sud hal megardad, sud, sudya tainot (qaror) mebarorand, ki on boyad dar majlisi sud elon karda shavad.
  2. Tainot (qaror) dar borai ba taftishi ilovagi firistodani parvanda, qat namudani parvanda, tagyir dodan, tatbiq yo bekor kardani chorai peshgiri oid ba raddiyaho, taini ekspertiza, hamchunin tainoti khususi dar khonai mashvarati barovarda, dar shakli hujjathoi alohida tartib doda meshavand.
  3. Hamai tainot (qaror)-i digar bo salohdidi sud, sudya yo bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qismi 2 hamin modda yo dar tolori majlisi sud bo dokhil namudani tainot (qaror) ba protokoli majlisi sud barovarda meshavand.

 

Moddai 291. Tartibi majlisi sud

  1. Muhokimai sudi dar sharoite, ki baroi kori mutadili sud va amniyati ishtirokchiyoni murofia musoid ast, guzaronida meshavad.
  2. Hangomi ba tolori majlisi sud vorid shudani sud, sudya bo khitobi kotibi majlisi sud «Sud meoyad, khohishmandam az joy barkhezed!» hamai hozirin az joy barmekhezand.
  3. Hamai ishtirokchiyoni muhokimai sudi az joy barmekhezand va har goh ba sud bo iborai «Muhtaram sud» murojiat mekunand, nishondod medihand va arzi izhorot mekunand. Sarfi nazar kardani qoidahoi mazkur tanho bo ijozati raisikunanda mumkin ast.
  4. Hamai ishtirokchiyoni muhokimai sudi, hamchunin hamai shahrvandoni dar tolori majlisi sud hozirbuda boyad farmoishi raisikunandaro dar bobati rioyai tartibot dar majlisi sud ba jo ovarand.

 

Moddai 292. CHorahoi tasir rasonidan baroi rioya nakardani tartibot dar majlisi sud

 

  1. Hangomi rioya nakardani tartibot dar tolori majlisi sud, itoat nakardan ba amri raisikunanda ishtirokchii murofia ogoh karda meshavad, ki dar surati takroran rioya nakardani tartibot u az tolori majlisi sud berun yo ba andozai to du nishondihanda baroi hisobho jarima tain karda meshavad. Har yak ishtirokchii murofia, gayr az aybdorkunanda va himoyatgar mumkin ast az tolor berun karda shavad. Nisbat ba sudshavanda, himoyatgar va aybdorkunandai davlati jarimabandi tatbiq karda nameshavad.
  2. Agar sudshavanda az tolori majlisi sud berun karda shuda boshad, hukm boyad dar huzuri u yo pas az qabuli on ba giriftani zabonkhat favran ba u elon karda shavad.
  3. Dar borai az tolori majlisi sud berun kardani ishtirokchii murofia va jarimabandi shudani u tainot (qaror) barovarda meshavad.
  4. SHakhsone, ki dar tolori majlisi sud huzur dorand, vale ishtirokchii murofia nameboshand, dar surati az jonibi onho rioya nakardani tartibot bo amri raisikunanda az tolori majlisi sud berun karda meshavand. Ba gayr az in sud onhoro ba andozai to du nishondihanda baroi hisobho jarima tain karda metavonad.
  5. Agar az jonibi ishtirokchiyoni muhokimai sudi yo shakhsi dar tolori majlisi sud huzurdoshta huquqvayronkunii mamuri sodir shuda, ba sud va nisbati qoidahoi muayyannamudai sud beehtiromi zohir gardad, sud huquqvayronkunandaro pursish va dalelhoi uro taftish namuda, huquq dorad dar hamon muhokimai sudi dar borai ba u tatbiq kardani yake az jazohoi mamurii peshbininamudai Kodeksi huquqvayronkunii mamurii Jumhurii Tojikiston tainot (qaror) barorad.
  6. Agar dar amali vayronkunandai tartiboti majlisi sud alomathoi jinoyat vujud doshta boshad, sud mavodi dakhldorro baroi halli masalai ogoz kardani parvandai jinoyati ba prokuror ravon mekunad.

 

Moddai 293. Protokoli majlisi sud

 

  1. Dar majlisi sudi marhilai yakum protokol tartib doda meshavad.
  2. Protokolro bo dast navishtan yo chop kardan mumkin ast.
  3. Dar protokoli majlisi sud malumoti zerin qayd karda meshavand:

– vaqti ogoz va anjomi on;

– nomu nasabi hayati sud, kotib, tarjumon, aybdorkunanda, himoyatgar, sudshavanda, inchunin jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onho, shakhsoni digari davatnamudai sud;

– parvandai barrasishavanda;

– malumot dar borai shakhsiyati sudshavanda va chorai peshgiri;

– amali sud bo tartibe, ki on surat girifta bud;

– nishondod, etiroz va darkhosthoi shakhsoni ishtirokchii parvanda;

– tainoti sud (qarori sudya), ki be raftan ba khonai mashvarat barovarda shudaast;

– ishora dar borai barovardani tainot (qaror) dar khonai mashvarat;

– ba shakhsoni ishtirokchii parvanda fahmondani huquq va uhdadorihoi onho;

– matni purrai nishondod;

– savolhoe, ki ba korshinos doda shudaand va javobi u;

– natijahoi aznazarguzaroni va amalhoi digari taftishi dalelho, ki dar majlisi sud anjom doda shudaand;

– ishora ba dalelhoe, ki shakhsoni ishtirokchii parvanda khohish kardaand‚ dar protokol tasdiq karda shavad;

– mazmuni asosii baromadi tarafho dar muzokirai sudi;

– sukhani okhirini sudshavanda;

– ishora dar borai elon kardani hukm va fahmonda dodani tartib va muhlati shikoyat yo etiroz ba on.

  1. Dar protokol inchunin dalelhoi beehtiromi nisbat ba sud, ba sharte, ki chunin amal vujud doshta boshad, ishora ba shakhsiyati vayronkunandai tartibot va chorahoi tasirrasoni, ki sud dar haqqi vayronkunanda andeshidaast, inikos karda meshavad.
  2. Protokol boyad az jonibi raisikunanda va kotib tahiya va dar muhlati na dertar az panj shabonaruz az lahzai khotimai majlisi sud imzo karda shavad.
  3. Raisikunanda vazifador ast ba tarafho baroi purra shinos shudan bo protokoli majlisi sud vobasta ba tahiya gardidani protokol imkoniyat faroham orad.

 

Moddai 294. Erodho ba protokoli majlisi sud

 

Tarafho huquq dorand dar davomi panj shabonaruzi badi imzoi protokoli majlisi sud erodhoi khudro doir ba protokol peshnihod kunand. In muhlat az jonibi raisikunanda, mumkin ast bo darkhosti tarafho to dah shabonaruz daroz karda shavad.

 

Moddai 295. Barrasii erodho doir ba protokoli majlisi sud

 

  1. Erodho ba protokoli majlisi sud az jonibi raisikunanda barrasi karda meshavad va baroi daqiq namudan shakhsonero, ki erod peshnihod kardaand, davat karda meshavand. Erodhoi prokuror va himoyatgar bo ishtiroki onho barrasi karda meshavad. Hozir nashudani shakhsoni mazkur baroi barrasi namudani erodho monea nameshavand.
  2. Raisikunanda dar borai natijahoi barrasii erodho doir ba tasdiqi qobili qabul budan yo nabudani onho qarori asosnok mebarorad. Erodho va qarori sudya ba protokoli majlisi sud zamima karda meshavand.

 

BOBI 33. QISMI OMODASOZII MAJLISI SUD

 

Moddai 296. Ogozi majlisi sud

 

Raisikunanda majlisi sudro dar vaqti tainshuda kushoda, elon mekunad, ki kadom parvandai jinoyati mavridi barrasi qaror megirad.

 

Moddai 297. Muayyan kardani hozirshavi ba sud

 

Kotib dar borai ba sud hozir shudani prokuror, sudshavanda, himoyatgar, jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onho, tarjumon, shohidon, korshinoson va mutakhassison va oid ba sababhoi hozir nashudani digar ishtirokchiyon akhborot medihad.

 

Moddai 298. Ba tarjumon fahmondani huququ uhdadorihoyash

 

  1. Raisikunanda ba tarjumon uhdadorihoi zerini uro mefahmonad:

– ba sud nishondod va bayonoti shakhsoni ishtirokchii parvandaro, ki zaboni peshburdi murofiaro namedonand va ba in shakhson mazmuni nishondod, bayonot va hujjathoero, ki dar sud elon shudaand, daqiq va purra tarjuma kunad;

– amri raisikunanda va qarori sud, sudyaro tarjuma kunad.

  1. Ba tarjumon inchunin boyad huquqhoi zerini u fahmonda shavand:

– savol dodan ba ishtirokchiyoni parvanda bo maqsadi daqiq namudani tarjuma;

– shinos shudan bo protokoli majlisi sud va bayon kardani erod oid ba durustii sabti tarjumaash.

  1. Tarjumon az jonibi raisikunanda dar borai javobgarii jinoyati baroi didayu donista nodurust tarjuma kardan ogohonida shuda, dar in bora az u zabonkhat girifta meshavad va on ba protokoli majlisi sud zamima megardad.
  2. Ba tarjumon fahmonda meshavad, ki baroi sarkashi az ijroi uhdadori bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavad.

 

Moddai 299. Barovardani shohidon az tolori majlisi sud

 

SHohidoni hozirshuda to ogozi pursish az tolori majlisi sud barovarda meshavand. Raisikunanda baroi on ki shohidoni az jonibi sud pursidanashuda bo shohidoni pursidashuda, inchunin bo digar shakhsoni dar tolori majlisi sud huzurdoshta guftugu nakunand, chora meandeshad.

 

Moddai 300. Muayyan namudani shakhsiyati sudshavanda va sari vaqt ba u supurdani nuskhai fikri aybdorkuni

 

Raisikunanda shakhsiyati sudshavanda, nom, nomi padar, nasab, sol, moh, ruz va joi tavallud, donistani zabone, ki bo on peshburdi parvanda guzaronida meshavad, inchunin joi istiqomat, mashguliyat, tahsilot, vazi oilavi va digar malumotro, ki ba shakhsiyati u aloqamand ast, pursida muayyan mekunad. Sipas raisikunanda muayyan mekunad, ki oyo ba sudshavanda va dar holathoi dar qismi 4 moddai 280 Kodeksi mazkur boshad, ba himoyatgar nuskhai fikri aybdorkuni yo qarori maqomoti tahqiq oid ba ogozi parvandai jinoyati supurda shudaast va kay in kor anjom doda shudaast. Muhokimai sudiro dar muhlati na peshtar az se shabonaruz az ruzi suporidani fikri aybdorkuni yo qarori maqomoti tahqiq oid ba ogozi parvandai jinoyati sar kardan mumkin nest (QJT az 23.07.16 s., №1333).

 

Moddai 301. Eloni hayati sud, digar ishtirokchiyoni murofia va fahmondani huquqi rad kardan

 

  1. Raisikunanda hayati sudro elon karda, malum mekunad, ki kadome az ishtirokchiyon aybdorkunanda, himoyatgar, jabrdida va namoyandai u, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandai onho, inchunin kotibi majlisi sud, korshinos, mutakhassis va tarjumon meboshand. Raisikunanda ba tarafho huquqashonro dar borai tibqi qoidahoi bobi 8 Kodeksi mazkur izhor namudani raddiya nisbat ba hayati sud, yake az sudyaho, inchunin nisbat ba har yak shakhsi ishtirokchii murofiai dar hamin modda zikrshuda mefahmonad.
  2. Agar dar majlisi sud mashvaratchii ehtiyoti ishtirok namoyad, raisikunanda dar in bora elon mekunad. Ba mashvaratchii ehtiyoti niz raddiya arz kardan mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 302. Ba sudshavanda fahmondani huquqhoyash

 

Dar muhokimai sudi raisikunanda ba sudshavanda huquqhoyashro, ki dar moddai 47 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini shudaand, mefahmonad.

 

Moddai 303. Ba jabrdida, davogari grajdani va javobgari grajdani fahmondani huquqhoyashon

 

Raisikunanda ba jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onho huquqhoyashonro, ki muvofiqan mutobiqi moddahoi 42, 44, 54 va 55 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini gardidaand, mefahmonad. Ba jabrdida oid ba parvandahoi aybdorkunii khususi va khususi-umumi, inchunin oid ba jinoyathoi nachandon vaznin va darajai miyona huquqhoyash dar borai oshti shudan bo sudshavanda fahmonda meshavad.

 

Moddai 304. Ba korshinos fahmondani huququ uhdadorihoyash

 

Raisikunanda ba korshinos huququ uhdadorihoyashro, ki dar moddai 58 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini namudaast, fahmonda, uro dar borai javobgarii jinoyati baroi dodani khulosai bardurug ogoh mesozad va az u zabonkhat megirad, ki on ba protokoli majlisi sud hamroh karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 305. Ba mutakhassis fahmondani huququ uhdadorihoyash

 

Raisikunanda ba mutakhassis huququ uhdadorihoyashro, ki moddai 57 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini namudaast, fahmonda, uro dar borai javobgarii jinoyati baroi rad yo sarkashi az ijroi uhdadorihoi peshbinikardai Kodeksi mazkur ogoh namuda, az u zabonkhat megirad, ki on ba protokoli majlisi sud hamroh karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 306. Izhori darkhost va barrasii on

 

  1. Raisikunanda az tarafho mepursad, ki oyo onho dar khususi davati shohidonu, korshinoson, mutakhassisoni nav va talab karda giriftani dalelhoi shayi yo hujjatho darkhost dorand yo ne. SHakhse, ki ba sud darkhost peshnihod kardaast, boyad nishon dihad, ki baroi muayyan kardani mahz kadom holatho dalelhoi ilovagi zarurand.
  2. Sud, sudya fikri digar ishtirokchiyoni muhokimai sudiro shunida, boyad har yak darkhosti bayonshudaro mavridi barrasi qaror doda, onhoro qone gardonad yo dar borai rad kardani darkhost tainoti (qarori) asosnok barorad.
  3. Sud, sudya huquq nadorad, ki qone kardani darkhosti pursishi shohidonro dar majlisi sud, ki bo tashabbusi tarafho hozir shudaand, rad namoyad.
  4. SHakhse, ki darkhostash az tarafi sud, sudya rad shudaast, huquq dorad minbad niz ba sud darkhost peshnihod kunad.

 

Moddai 307. Halli masala dar borai imkonpazirii barrasii parvandai jinoyati hangomi ishtirok nadoshtani  yake az ishtirokchiyoni muhokimai sudi

 

  1. Hangomi hozir nashudani yake az ishtirokchiyoni muhokimai sudi, az jumla shohid, korshinos yo mutakhassis sud fikru andeshai tarafhoro dar khususi imkonpazirii muhokimai parvandai jinoyati shunida, oid ba idomai muhokima yo mavquf guzoshtani on tainoti (qarori) asosnok mebarorad.
  2. To halli masala mavquf guzoshtani muhokimai parvanda sud, sudya metavonad taftishi sudiro ogoz namuda, shohidoni hozirshuda, korshinos yo mutakhassis, jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani, namoyandagoni onhoro pursish kunad va sipas dar borai mavquf guzoshtani muhokima tainot (qaror) barorad. Agar pas az in parvanda dar hamon hayati sud barrasi karda shavad, shakhsoni pursidashuda ba majlisi sud tanho dar holathoi zaruri takroran davat karda meshavand.

 

BOBI 34. TAFTISHI SUDI

 

Moddai 308. Ogozi taftishi sudi

 

  1. Taftishi sudi az bayoni mohiyati aybdorkunii peshnihodshuda dar haqqi sudshavanda az jonibi aybdorkunandai davlati, dar parvandahoi aybdorkunii khususi boshad, az bayoni shikoyat az jonibi aybdorkunandai khususi yo namoyandai u ogoz megardad.
  2. Raisikunanda az sudshavanda mepursad, ki oyo mohiyati aybi elonshuda ba u fahmost, bo aybi elonshuda khudro gunahgor meshumorad yo ne, oyo khohish dorad, ki ba aybi elonshuda munosibati khudro bayon namoyad. Hangomi nofahmo budani ayb ba sudshavanda mohiyati on fahmonda meshavad.

 

Moddai 309. Muqarrar namudani tartibi tahqiqi dalelho

 

  1. Pas az ijroi talaboti moddai 308 Kodeksi mazkur raisikunanda bo muvofiqai tarafho tartibi tahqiqi dalelhoro muayyan mekunad. Sud, sudya dar in bora tainot (qaror) mebarorad. Tartibi peshnihodi dalelho az jonibi tarafho muayyan karda meshavad. Tagyir dodani tartibi tahqiqi dalelho az jonibi sud, sudya, mumkin ast bo muvofiqai tarafho va bo barovardani tainoti (qarori) dakhldor guzaronida shavad.
  2. Sudshavanda bo ijozati raiskunanda huquq dorad dar har lahzai taftishi sudi nishondod dihad.

 

Moddai 310. Tartibi soddakardashudai taftishi sudi

 

  1. Dar surati ba gunohash iqror shudani sudshavanda, ki az jonibi tarafho mavridi bahs qaror nagiriftaast va sudro niz tahti shubha nameguzorad, sud, sudya bo muvofiqai tarafho badi az sudshavanda muqarrar kardani on ki oyo etirofi u majburi nest, huquq dorad, tanho bo tahqiqi dalelhoe mahdud shavad, ki tarafho onhoro zikr kardaand yo taftishi sudiro khatmshuda elon karda‚ ba muzokirai sudi guzarad.
  2. Raisikunanda boyad ba tarafho fahmonad, ki dast kashidan az tahqiqi dalelho boisi bo in asosho imkonnopazir shudani arzi shikoyat yo etiroz ba hukm megardad.
  3. Qoidahoi dar qismi 1 hamin modda zikrgardida nisbat ba parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi noboligon, jinoyathoi vaznin va makhsusan vaznin, inchunin dar holathoe ki aqallan yak nafar az sudshavandaho ba gunohi khud iqror naboshad, va parvandaro dar haqqi u baroi peshburdi alohida judo kardan imkonnopazir boshad, tatbiq karda nameshavand.
  4. Darkhost dar borai guzaronidani murofia bo tartibi soddakardashudai taftishi sudi tanho az jonibi sudshavanda bo rizoi aybdorkunandai davlati yo khususi va jabrdida peshnihod karda meshavad.
  5. Dar surati rad namudani darkhosti sudshavanda yo norizoii aybdorkunandai davlati yo khususi va yo jabrdida baroi guzaronidani murofia bo tartibi soddakardashuda, murofiai sudi bo asoshoi umumi guzaronida meshavad.
  6. Agar sud, sudya muayyan namoyad, ki aybi etirofnamudai sudshavanda asosnok buda, bo dalelhoi jamovardashuda oid ba parvanda tasdiq megardad, hukmi aybdorkuni barovarda, nisbati sudshavanda jazo tain mekunad. Zimnan jazoi tainnamudai sud az se du hissai muhlat yo andozai jazoi balandtarini baroi jinoyathoi sodirshuda peshbinigardida ziyod buda nametavonad.
  7. Guzaronidani murofia bo tartibi soddakardashudai taftishi sudi dar holathoi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur qat namudani peshburdi parvandaro istisno namekunad. (QJT az 16.04.12s., №809)
  8. Badi eloni hukm yo tainot sud, sudya ba tarafho huquq va tartibi az hukm yo tainot shikoyatu etiroz ovardanro mutobiqi talaboti bobi 38 Kodeksi mazkur mefahmonad. (QJT az 16.04.12s., №809)
  9. Nisbat ba hukme, ki mutobiqi talaboti hamin modda barovarda shudaast, bo asoshoi peshbininamudai sarkhathoi yakum va duyumi moddai 372 Kodeksi mazkur shikoyat kardan va etiroz ovardan mumkin nest.

 

Moddai 311. Pursishi sudshavanda

 

  1. Raisikunanda ba sudshavanda huquqi uro dar borai dodan yo nadodani nishondod nisbat ba aybi ba u elonshuda va holathoi digari parvanda fahmonda, inchunin dar borai on ki tamomi guftahoi u, mumkin ast, ba muqobili u istifoda shavand, ogoh mesozad. Hangomi ba dodani nishondod rozi budani sudshavanda saravval uro himoyatgar va ishtirokchiyoni murofia az tarafi himoya va sipas aybdorkunandai davlati va ishtirokchiyoni murofia az tarafi aybdorkuni pursish mekunand. Raisikunanda savolhoi rahnamunkunanda va ba parvanda dakhlnadoshtaro az bayn mebardorad.
  2. Sud, sudya pas az pursishi sudshavanda az jonibi tarafho ba u savol medihad, vale savolhoi daqiqkunanda dar har lahzai pursishi u doda shudanash mumkin ast.
  3. Agar sudshavanda purra ba gunohash iqror shavad va doir ba aybi elonshuda nishondod dodan khohad, sud, sudya gayr az holathoe, ki nishondodi u ba parvanda aloqamand nest, sukhanoni uro naburida meshunavand.
  4. Pursishi sudshavanda dar gaybi sudshavandai digar tanho bo tashabbusi sud, sudya yo darkhosti tarafho ijozat doda meshavad. Dar in bora sud, sudya tainot(qaror) mebarorad. Dar in surat pas az bargashtani sudshavanda ba tolori majlisi sud raisikunanda uro az mazmuni nishondodi dar gaybi u dodashuda voqif namuda, ba u imkon medihad ba sudshavandae, ki dar gaybi u pursish shudaast, savol dihad.

 

Moddai 312. Eloni nishondodi sudshavanda

 

  1. Dar sud elon kardani nishondod yo bayonoti sudshavanda, ki hangomi peshburdi tahqiq yo taftishi peshaki dodaast, inchunin ba shunidani sabti nishondodi u yo tamoshoi sabti video, ki ba protokol zamima shudaast, tanho bo darkhosti tarafho va bo tashabbusi sud, sudya dar holathoi zayl ijozat dodan mumkin ast:

– mavjud budani ikhtilofoti nazarras bayni nishondodi sudshavanda dar jarayoni taftishi peshaki yo tahqiq dar sud;

– sarkashi kardani sudshavanda az  dodani nishondod dar sud;

– dar goibii sudshavanda barrasi gardidani parvanda.

  1. Qoidahoi peshbininamudai qismi 1 hamin modda inchunin baroi holathoi elon kardani nishondodi sudshavanda, ki qablan dar sud doda shuda bud, tatbiq megardand.
  2. Ba shunidani sabti ovoz yo nishon dodani sabti video be eloni peshakii nishondod, ki dar protokoli dakhldori pursish yo protokoli majlisi sud mavjudand, ijozat doda nameshavad. Dar borai shunidan yo tamoshoi sabt dar protokoli majlisi sud qayd karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 313. Pursishi jabrdida

 

  1. Jabrdida mutobiqi qoidahoi pursishi shohidon, ki dar qismhoi 2-5 moddai 314 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini gardidaand, pursish karda meshavad.
  2. Jabrdida dar har lahzai taftishi sudi bo ijozati raisikunanda nishondod doda metavonad.

 

Moddai 314. Pursishi shohid

 

  1. SHohid dar alohidagi va dar gaybi shohidoni hanuz pursidanashuda pursish karda meshavad.
  2. Raisikunanda qabl az pursish shakhsiyati shohidro muayyan namuda, munosibati uro ba sudshavanda va jabrdida aniq mekunad, qarzi shahrvandi va uhdadorii uro dar borai dodani nishondodi rostqavlona roje ba parvanda, javobgariro baroi sarkashi az dodani nishondod va didayu donista dodani nishondodi bardurug mefahmonad. Ba shakhsone, ki mutobiqi qonun az dodani nishondod ozod karda shudaand, dar surati ikhtiyoran nishondod dodan javobgariashon tanho baroi didayu donista dodani nishondodi bardurug fahmonda meshavad. Az shohidon dar borai on ki uhdadori va masuliyatashon fahmonda shudaast, zabonkhat girifta meshavad. Zabonkhat ba protokoli majlisi sud zamima megardad.
  3. SHohidro aybdorkunanda, jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onho, sudshavanda va himoyatgari u pursish mekunand. Savolro avval tarafe medihad, ki bo darkhosti u shohid ba majlisi sud davat gardidaast.
  4. Raisikunanda ba pursidani savolhoi rahnamunkunanda va digar savolhoe, ki ba parvanda aloqamand nestand, ijozat namedihad. Sud, sudya shohidro badi pursishi tarafho niz pursish mekunad.
  5. SHohidoni pursidashuda dar tolori majlisi sud memonand va to khatmi taftishi sudi be ijozati raisikunanda va rizoi tarafho tolorro tark namekunand.
  6. Pursishi shohide, ki dar ruykhat tanho takhallusi u darj gardidaast, be elon namudani malumoti aslii shakhsiyati u, be rubarukunii vay bo digar ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudi surat megirad. Dar in bora sud, sudya tainoti (qarori) dakhldor qabul mekunad.

Moddai 315. Az jonibi jabrdida va shohid istifoda burdani  sabthoi khatti va hujjatho

 

  1. Jabrdida va shohid sabthoi khattiro istifoda burda metavonand. In sabtho bo talabi sud boyad peshnihod karda shavand.
  2. Ba jabrdida va shohid ijozat doda meshavad, ki hujjathoi dar dastashon budaro, ki ba nishondodi onho dakhl dorand, khonand, ba sud peshnihod kunand, tibqi tainoti (qarori) sud mumkin ast ba parvanda zamima karda shavand.

 

Moddai 316. Hususiyathoi pursishi jabrdida va shohidi nobolig

 

  1. Hangomi pursishi shohid yo jabrdidai ba sinni shonzdah narasida, inchunin shohid yo jabrdidai nobolige, ki binobar holati jismoni va ruhii khud imkoniyati mustaqilona himoya kardani huquq va manfiathoi qonunii khudro nadorad, ishtiroki omuzgor va yo ravonshinos hatmi meboshad. Omuzgor yo ravonshinos hangomi pursishi shohid va jabrdidai sinnash az shonzdah bolo bo salohdidi sud, sudya va yo bo darkhosti aybdorkunandai davlati yo himoyatgar ishtirok mekunad. Hangomi pursishi shohid yo jabrdidai nobolig ishtiroki namoyandagoni qonunii onho hatmist. SHakhsoni zikrgardida bo ijozati raisikunanda metavonand ba jabrdida va shohid savol dihand (QJT az 15.03.16 s., №1275).
  2. Pesh az pursishi jabrdida va shohide, ki ba sinni shonzdah narasidaast, raisikunanda ba onho ahamiyati doir ba parvanda dodani nishondodi purra va durustro mefahmonad. Onho baroi didayu donista dodani nishondodi bardurug ogoh karda nameshavand va az onho zabonkhat girifta nameshavad.
  3. Pursishi jabrdidai nobolig yo shohid bo darkhosti tarafho yo bo tashabbusi sud, sudya dar goibii sudshavanda anjom doda shuda, dar in bora sud, sudya tainot (qaror) mebarorad. Badi ba tolori majlisi sud bargashtani sudshavanda uro az nishondodi in shakhson khabardor kardan va baroi ba onho savol dodan imkoniyat faroham ovardan lozim ast.
  4. Jabrdida va shohide, ki sinnashon ba shonzdah narasidaast, pas az anjomi pursish, gayr az holathoe, ki sud minbad ham huzur doshtani onhoro zarur meshumorad, az tolori majlisi sud khorij karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 317. Eloni nishondodi jabrdida va shohid

 

  1. Dar sud ba elon kardani nishondodi jabrdida va shohid, ki hangomi peshburdi tahqiq yo taftishi peshaki dodaand, inchunin ba shunidani sabti ovoz yo tamoshoi sabti videoii pursish mumkin ast bo darkhosti tarafho va tashabbusi sud dar holathoi zayl ijozat doda shavad:

– mavjud budani ikhtilofhoi jiddi bayni in nishondod va nishondode, ki dar sud doda shudaast;

– dar majlisi sud hozir nabudani jabrdida yo shohid bo sababhoe, ki  imkoniyati ba sud omadani onhoro istisno mekunad.

  1. Qoidahoi dar qismi 1 hamin modda zikrshuda inchunin ba holathoi eloni nishondodi jabrdida va shohid, ki qablan dar sud dodaand, tatbiq karda meshavand.
  2. Dar majlisi sud inchunin nishondodi jabrdida va shohid, ki mutobiqi muqarraroti qismi 2 moddai 307 Kodeksi mazkur az tarafi sud pursish shudaand, mumkin ast elon karda shavad.
  3. Sabti ovozi jabrdida va shohid, sabti videoii pursishi onhoro tibqi qoidahoi muqarrarnamudai qismi 3 moddai 312 Kodeksi mazkur shunidan yo tamosho kardan mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 318. Guzaronidani ekspertiza dar sud

 

  1. Sud, sudya bo darkhosti tarafho, inchunin bo tashabbusi khud huquq dorad dar majlisi sud ekspertiza tain kunad. Ekspertizaro korshinosone, ki dar taftishi peshaki khulosa dodaand yo digar korshinosone, ki sud tain kardaast, anjom medihand.
  2. Ekspertiza dar sud tibqi qoidahoi dar bobi 24 Kodeksi mazkur zikrgardida guzaronida meshavad.
  3. Raisikunanda tainoti (qarori) barovardaro dar borai taini ekspertiza elon namuda, huquqi tarafhoro dar bobati rad kardani korshinos, peshnihod namudani darkhost doir ba hayati korshinoson, ba tavri ilovagi vorid namudani shakhsi nishondodai taraf, guzaronidani ekspertiza az tarafi namoyandagoni digar muassisai eksperti, guzaronidani ekspertiza bo ishtiroki tarafho mefahmonad.
  4. Dar majlisi sud korshinos huquq dorad ba shakhsoni pursidashavanda savol dihad, bo dalelhoi khatti, protokolhoi amali taftishi, khulosai digar korshinoson shinos shavad, dar aznazarguzaroni va ozmoish (eksperiment) va digar amalhoi sudi, ki ba mavzui ekspertiza aloqamand meboshand, ishtirok namoyad.
  5. Hangomi zarurati ba ikhtiyori korshinos voguzoshtani namunaho baroi tahqiqi muqoisavi qoidahoi moddai 215 Kodeksi mazkur istifoda burda meshavand.
  6. Raisikunanda badi muayyan kardani hamai holathoi baroi dodani khulosa ahamiyatnok ba tarafho peshnihod mekunad, ki savolhoi khudro ba tariqi khatti ba korshinos peshnihod namoyand. Savolho boyad elon karda, nisbat ba onho aqidai ishtirokchiyoni muhokimai sudi shunida shavad. Sud, sudya in masalahoro barrasi namuda, bo tainoti (qarori) khud savolhoero, ki ba parvanda aloqamand nestand va yo tahti salohiyati korshinos nameboshand, rad namuda, savolhoi navro tartib medihad, ki badi on korshinos ba doir namudani ekspertiza va tartib dodani khulosa shuru mekunad.
  7. Hulosai korshinos ba tariqi khatti doda, dar majlisi sud az jonibi u elon karda, yakjoya bo savolho ba parvanda hamroh karda meshavad.
  8. Agar ba sud korshinos davat shuda boshad, ki dar taftishi peshaki khulosa dodaast, sud metavonad pas az eloni khulosa, ba sharte, ki on az jonibi tarafho mavridi etiroz qaror nagirad, ekspertiza tain nakunad va tanho bo pursishi korshinos qanoat kunad.

 

Moddai 319. Pursishi korshinos

 

  1. Badi az jonibi korshinos dodani khulosa ba u baroi tavzeh yo purra kardani khulosaash savol dodan mumkin ast.
  2. Ba korshinos tarafho savol medihand, zimnan avval tarafe savol medihad, ki bo darkhosti on ekspertiza tain karda shudaast. Sud, sudya huquq dorad dar har lahzai pursish ba korshinos savol dihad.

 

Moddai 320. Guzaronidani ekspertizai ilovagi yo takrori

 

  1. Dar holathoi peshbininamudai moddai 220 Kodeksi mazkur sud, sudya metavonand ekspertizai ilovagi yo takrori tain karda, dar in bora tainot (qaror) barorand.
  2. Ekspertizai ilovagi yo takrori tibqi qoidahoi muayyannamudai moddahoi 208-210, 215, 217-219 Kodeksi mazkur guzaronida meshavad.

 

Moddai 321. Aznazarguzaronii dalelhoi shayi

 

  1. Dalelhoi shayii hangomi tahqiq va taftishi peshaki ba parvanda hamroh kardashuda, inchunin dalelhoi shayii nav peshnihodgardida boyad az jonibi sud az nazar guzaronida shavad va ba tarafho peshnihod gardand.
  2. Dalelhoi shayiro bo darkhosti tarafho va yo bo tashabbusi sud, sudya dar har lahzai taftishi sudi az nazar guzaronidan mumkin ast.
  3. Dalelhoi shayiro baroi aznazarguzaroni ba shohidon, korshinos, mutakhassis peshnihod kardan mumkin ast.
  4. SHakhsone, ki ba onho dalelhoi shayi peshnihod shudaand, metavonand tavajjuhi sud, sudyaro bo holathoi vobasta ba aznazarguzaroni jalb namoyand.
  5. Natijai aznazarguzaroni dar protokoli majlisi sud sabt karda meshavad.
  6. Dalelhoi shayiro dar mahalli joygirshaviashon sud bo rioyai qoidahoi muqarrarnamudai qismi 1 hamin modda az nazar meguzaronad.

 

Moddai 322. Eloni protokoli amali taftishi va hujjatho

 

  1. Protokoli amalhoi taftishi, ki holatu dalelhoi dar rafti aznazarguzaroni, shahodatkunoni, yofta giriftan, koftukov, habsi molu mulk, dastgirkuni, baroi shinokhtan peshnihod kardan, ozmoishi taftishi, gush kardani guftugui telefoni va digar guftushunidi aybdorshavanda, sudshavanda yo digar sharikoni jinoyat muqarrarshuda inchunin hujjathoi ba parvanda hamrohshuda yo ba majlisi sud peshnihodgardidaro tasdiq menamoyand, ba sharte, ki dar onho holathoi baroi parvanda ahamiyatnok inikos yo tasdiq shuda boshand, boyad az jonibi raisikunanda purra yo qisman elon karda shavand.
  2. Hujjathoi ba majlisi sud peshnihodgardida mumkin ast bo tainoti (qarori) sud, sudya ba parvanda hamroh karda shavand.

 

Moddai 323. Aznazarguzaronii mahal va bino

 

  1. Sud, sudya zarurati aznazarguzaronii yagon bino yo mahalro etirof namuda, onro bo ishtiroki tarafho az nazar meguzaronand. Hangomi zarurat obekt bo ishtiroki shohidon, korshinos va mutakhassis az nazar guzaronida meshavad. Baroi aznazarguzaronii bino sud, sudya tainot (qaror) mebarorad.
  2. Hangomi rasidan ba mahalli aznazarguzaroni raisikunanda idomai majlisi sudro elon karda, sud, sudya ba aznazarguzaroni shuru menamoyand va ba jabrdida, shohid, korshinos, mutakhassis va sudshavanda metavonand vobasta ba aznazarguzaroni savol dihand.
  3. Natijai aznazarguzaroni dar protokoli majlisi sud sabt karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 324. Guzaronidani ozmoishi (eksperimenti) taftishi

 

  1. Agar taftish yo daqiq kardani malumot, vaziyat yo digar holathoi hodisai muayyan va anjom dodani amali ozmoishi zarur boshad, sud, sudya huquq dorad ozmoish guzaronad.
  2. Ozmoish az jonibi sud, sudya bo ishtiroki tarafho guzaronida meshavad. Dar holathoi zaruri baroi ishtirok dar ozmoish shohid va mutakhassis jalb karda meshavand.
  3. Sud, sudya ozmoishro bo rioyai qoidahoi peshbininamudai moddai 188 Kodeksi mazkur meguzaronad.

 

Moddai 325. Nishondihi baroi shinokhtan

 

Dar holathoi zaruri ba sud baroi shinokhtan nishon dodani shakhs yo ashyo bo rioyai qoidahoi muqarrarnamudai moddahoi 205 va 206 Kodeksi mazkur anjom doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 326. SHahodatkunoni

 

  1. SHahodatkunoni dar majlisi sud dar holathoi peshbininamudai qismi 1 moddai 186 Kodeksi mazkur tibqi tainoti (qarori) sud guzaronida meshavad.
  2. SHahodatkunoni, ki bo barahna kardani shakhs vobasta ast, dar binoi alohida az jonibi dukhtur yo digar mutakhassis anjom doda meshavad va pas az anjomi kor sanadi shahodatkunoni tahiya namuda, imzo meguzorand. Bad in shakhson ba tolori majlisi sud bargashta, dar huzuri tarafho va shakhsi shahodatkunonidashuda dar borai payu nishonahoi badani u, ba sharte, ki chunin nishonaho oshkor shuda boshand, ba sud malumot doda, ba savolhoi tarafho va sud, sudya javob medihand. Sanadi shahodatkunoni ba parvanda hamroh karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 327.  Anjomi taftishi sudi

 

  1. Badi ba anjom rasonidani tahqiqi hamai dalelho raisikunanda az tarafho mepursad, ki oyo onho khohishi purra kardani taftishi sudiro dorand va mahz bo kadom dalelho. Hangomi arzi darkhost dar borai purra kardani taftishi sudi onhoro sud barrasi mekunad.
  2. Badi halli darkhostho va ijroi amali zarurii sudi raisikunanda anjom yoftani taftishi sudiro elon mekunad.

 

BOBI 35. MUZOKIRAI SUDI VA SUHANI  OHIRINI SUDSHAVANDA

 

Moddai 328. Mazmun va tartibi muzokirai sudi

 

  1. Sud, sudya badi anjomi taftishi sudi ba muzokirai sudi meguzarad, ki on az nutqi aybdorkunanda, jabrdida yo namoyandai u, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani yo namoyandagoni onho, sudshavanda dar holati dast kashidan az himoyatgar va himoyatgar iborat meboshad. Paydarhamii baromadi ishtirokchiyoni muzokirai sudi tibqi peshnihodi onho az jonibi sud muayyan gardida, vale dar hama holat aybdorkunandai davlati yo khususi, ki mutobiqi natijahoi taftishi sudi boyad khulosaro dar borai aybdorii sudshavanda asosnok namoyand, ba kirdori u baho dihand, aqidai khudro dar borai jazoe, ki boyad doda shavad, izhor namoyand yo huquq dorand az aybdorkuni dast kashand, avvalin shuda sukhanroni mekunand.
  2. Ishtirokchiyoni muzokirai sudi huquq nadorand, sukhanronii khudro bo dalelhoe, ki dar majlisi sud barrasi nashudaand, asosnok kunand. Onho hangomi zarurat baroi tahqiq ba sud peshnihod namudani dalelhoi navro dar borai az nav ogoz namudani taftishi sudi darkhost karda metavonand.
  3. Sud, sudya huquq nadorand davomnokii muzokirai tarafhoro bo vaqti muayyan mahdud sozand, vale raisikunanda huquq dorad sukhanronii shakhsoni shirkatkunandai muzokiraro, agar onho holathoero dar bar girand, ki bo parvandai barrasishavanda irtibot nadorand, qat namoyad.
  4. Badi sukhanronii ishtirokchiyoni muzokirai sudi har kadomi onho metavonand dar javobi nutqi namoyandagoni tarafho bo erodho (norizoii javobi, luqmapartoi) boz yakmarotibagi baromad kunand. Huquqi izhori erodi okhirin ba sudshavanda yo himoyatgari u taalluq dorad.
  5. Har yak ishtirokchii muzokirai sudi metavonad ba tariqi khatti ba sud tavsiyai qarori taklifnamudaashro oid ba masalahoi dar sarkhathoi yakum-shashumi qismi 1 moddai 335 Kodeksi mazkur nishondodashuda peshnihod kunad. Tavsiyai peshnihodgardida baroi sud, sudya hatmi nest.

 

Moddai 329. Sukhani okhirini sudshavanda

 

  1. Pas az khotima yoftani muzokirahoi sudi raisikunanda ba sudshavanda sukhani okhirin medihad. Hangomi sukhani okhirin ba sudshavanda dodani hama guna savol man ast.
  2. Sud, sudya nametavonand davomnokii sukhani okhirini sudshavandaro bo vaqti muayyan mahdud sozad, vale raisikunanda huquq dorad, agar sudshavanda ba holathoe dakholat namoyad, ki ba parvandai barrasishavanda marbut nameboshand, uro az sukhanroni bozdorad.

 

Moddai 330. Az nav sar kardani taftishi sudi

 

Agar ishtirokchiyoni muzokirai sudi yo sudshavanda dar sukhani okhirin oid ba holathoi nave, ki baroi parvanda ahamiyat dorad, malumot dihand yo ba dalelhoi qablan tahqiqnashudai ba parvanda dakhldoshta istinod kunand, sud, sudya bo darkhosti tarafho yo bo tashabbusi khud taftishi sudiro az nav ogoz mekunad. Pas az khatmi taftishi sudii az nav ogozshuda sud, sudya az sari nav muzokirai sudiro kushoda, ba sudshavanda sukhani okhirin medihad.

 

Moddai 331. Ba khonai mashvarati daromadani sud, sudya

 

  1. Sud, sudya badi shunidani sukhani okhirini sudshavanda baroi barovardani hukm darhol ba khonai mashvarati medaroyand va dar in bora raisikunanda dar majlisi sud elon mekunad.

2 Raisikunanda vaqti khondani hukmro ba ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sud pesh az daromadan ba khonai mashvarati elon mekunad.

 

BOBI 36. BAROVARDANI HUKM

 

Moddai 332. Az nomi Jumhurii Tojikiston barovardani hukm

 

Sud hukmro az nomi Jumhurii Tojikiston mebarorad.

 

Moddai 333.  Talabote, ki nisbat ba hukm peshnihod karda meshavand

 

  1. Hukmi sud boyad qonuni, asosnok va odilona boshad.
  2. Hukm hangome qonuni etirof karda meshavad, ki on bo rioyai talaboti qonun va dar asosi qonun barovarda shuda boshad.
  3. Hukm hamon vaqt asosnok etirof karda meshavad, ki on dar asosi tahqiqi hamajoniba, purra va kholisonai dalelhoe, ki ba sud peshnihod gardida, dar majlisi sud muhokima shudaand, barovarda shuda boshad.
  4. Hukmi sud ba sharte odilona donista meshavad, ki dar on jazoi ba gunahgor taingardida mutobiqi moddai Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki javobgarii jinoyatiro baroi sodir namudani jinoyat peshbini mekunad, bo nazardoshti shakhsiyati gunahgor, holathoi vazninkunada va sabukkunandai jazo tain shuda boshad.
  5. Har shakhsi begunoh boyad safed karda shavad.

 

Moddai 334. Makhfi budani mashvarati sudyaho

 

  1. Hukm az jonibi sud, sudya dar khonai mashvarati barovarda meshavad. Hangomi barovardani hukm dar khonai mashvarati tanho hayati sude, ki hamin parvandaro barrasi kardaast, huzur doshta metavonad.
  2. Sud, sudya huquq dorand bo farorasii shab, hangomi zarurat, inchunin ruzona az khonai mashvarati baromadan baroi istirohat tanaffus elon kunand. Sudyaho huquq nadorand fikru mulohizai hangomi muhokima va barovardani hukm joydoshtaro fosh kunand.

 

Moddai 335.  Masalahoe, ki sud hangomi barovardani hukm hal mekunad

 

  1. Sud dar khonai mashvarati hangomi barovardani hukm masalahoi zerinro hal mekunad:

– kirdore, ki dar sodir namudani on sudshavanda aybdor karda meshavad, joy dorad yo ne;

– oyo isbot shudaast, ki kirdorro sudshavanda sodir kardaast;

– in kirdor jinoyat ast yo ne va on mahz bo kadom moddai qonuni jinoyati peshbini karda shudaast;

– sudshavanda dar sodir namudani in jinoyat gunahgor ast yo ne va holathoi sabukkunanda va vazninkunandai jazo mavjudand yo ne;

– ba sudshavanda baroi jinoyati sodirnamudaash jazo dodan lozim ast yo ne;

– ba sudshavanda kadom jazo boyad tain karda shavad;

– shakhsi az ozodi mahrumshuda dar kadom namud va nizomi muassisai islohi boyad muhlati jazoro ado namoyad.

– davoi grajdani qobili qonegardoni ast yo ne, ba manfiati ki va inchunin agar davoi grajdani arz nashuda boshad, tovoni zarari molu  mulki  sitonida meshavad yo ne;

– bo molu mulke, ki baroi tamini davoi grajdani yo ehtimoli musodira tahti habs qaror doda shudaast, chi boyad kard;

– bo dalelhoi shayi chi boyad kard;

– kharojoti murofiavi ba kadom andoza ba zimmai ki boyad guzoshta shavad;

– sudshavandaro az unvonhoi makhsus yo rutbahoi harbi, inchunin ordenu medalho va unvonhoi fakhri mahrum sozad yo ne;

– tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbiro, dar holathoe, ki dar qismi 2 moddai 98 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, peshbini shudaand;

– dar khususi chorai peshgiri ba haqqi sudshavanda.

  1. Agar sudshavanda dar sodir namudani yakchand jinoyat aybdor karda shavad, sud masalahoi dar sarkhathoi yakum-shashumi qismi 1 hamin modda zikrshudaro oid ba har yak jinoyat dar alohidagi hal mekunad.
  2. Agar ba sodir namudani jinoyat yakchand sudshavanda aybdor karda shavad, sud in masalahoro bo muayyan kardani naqsh va darajai ishtirokashon dar kirdori sodirshuda nisbat ba har yak sudshavanda dar alohidagi hal mekunad.

 

Moddai 336. Halli masalai mukallafii sudshavanda

 

  1. Sud vazifador ast hangomi barovardani hukm masalai mukallafii sudshavandaro muhokima kunad.
  2. Bo etirofi on ki sudshavanda hangomi sodir namudani kirdor dar holati nomukallafi qaror dosht yo badi sodir namudani jinoyat ba bemorii ruhi mubtalo shudaast, ki uro az imkoniyati darki voqeii mohiyati amali sodirnamuda, zarari on yo idora kardani on mahrum sokhtaast, sud huquq dorad parvandai jinoyatiro mutobiqi talaboti bobi 45 Kodeksi mazkur barrasi namuda, qaror qabul namoyad.

 

Moddai 337. Tartibi mashvarati sudyaho hangomi barrasii dastajamonai parvanda

 

  1. Hangomi barrasii dastajamonai parvanda qabl az barovardani qaror mashvarati sudyaho doir megardad. Raisikunanda masalahoro bo tartibi dar moddai 335 Kodeksi mazkur zikrgardida baroi hal peshnihod mekunad.
  2. Hangomi halli har yak masala hej yake az sudyaho, ba gayr az holathoi peshbininamudai qismi 3 hamin modda, huquq nadorad, az ovozdihi khuddori kunad. Hamai masalaho bo aksariyati ovozho hal karda meshavand. Raisikunanda pas az hama ovoz medihad.
  3. Sudyai dar aqalliyat qarordoshta huquq dorad fikri khudro oid ba hukmi barovardashuda khatti bayon kunad, ki on ba hukm zamima gardida, naboyad dar tolori majlisi sud elon karda shavad.

 

Moddai 338. Namudhoi hukm

 

  1. Hukmi sud aybdorkunanda yo safedkunanda shuda metavonad.
  2. Hukmi aybdorkuni metavonad barovarda shavad:

– bo taini jazoi jinoyati, ki mahkumshuda boyad onro ado kunad;

– bo  taini jazoi jinoyati va ozod kardan az adoi on;

– be taini jazoi jinoyati.

 

Moddai 339. Asoshoi qabuli hukmi aybdorkunanda

 

  1. Hukmi aybdorkunanda tanho ba sharte barovarda meshavad, ki dar jarayoni muhokimai sudi gunahgor budani sudshavanda dar sodir namudani jinoyat bo majmui dalelhoi tahqiqshuda tasdiq gardidaast. Hukmi aybdorkunanda ba takhmin asos yofta nametavonad.
  2. Sud hukmi aybdorkunandaro bo taini jazo, ki sudshavanda onro boyad ado kunad, barovarda, boyad namud‚ andoza va ogozi bahisobgirii muhlati adoi jazoro daqiq muayyan kunad.
  3. Sud hukmi aybdorkunandaro bo taini jazo va ozod kardan az adoi on dar holathoe mebarorad, ki to lahzai barovardani hukm:

– sanadi avf qabul gardad, ki on mahkumshudaro az tatbiqi jazoi bo in hukm taingardida ozod mekunad;

– muhlati oid ba hamin parvanda tahti habs qaror doshtani sudshavanda mutobiqi qoidahoi bahisobgirii habsi peshaki, ki moddai 70 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar kardaast, jazoi tainnamudai sudro dar bar girad.

  1. Sud hukmi aybdorkunandaro be taini jazo dar holathoe mebarorad, ki dar lahzai qabuli on:

–  muhlati ba javobgarii jinoyati kashidani shakhs baroi hamin jinoyat guzashta boshad;

–  sudshavanda favtida boshad.

 

Moddai 340. Asoshoi barovardani hukmi safedkunanda

 

  1. Hukmi safedkunanda dar surate barovarda meshavad, ki:

– hodisai jinoyat vujud nadoshta boshad;

– dar kirdori sudshavanda tarkibi jinoyat mavjud naboshad;

– ishtiroki sudshavanda dar sodir kardani jinoyat isbot nashuda boshad.

  1. Safedkuni vobasta ba har yake az asoshoi nombarshuda manoi etirofi begunohii sudshavandaro doshta, boisi purra safed kardani u megardad.
  2. Agar hangomi barovardani hukmi safedkunanda binobar isbot nashudani ishtiroki sudshavanda dar sodir namudani jinoyat va shakhse, ki in jinoyatro sodir kardaast, muayyan nashuda boshad, sud barobari etibori qonuni paydo kardani hukm parvandaro ba prokuror baroi andeshidani chora jihati muayyan kardani shakhse, ki ba sifati aybdorshavanda boyad jalb gardad, ravon mekunad.

 

Moddai 341. Tartib dodani hukm

 

  1. Sud pas az halli masalahoi dar moddai 335 Kodeksi mazkur zikrgardida ba tartib dodani hukm meguzarad. On ba zabone tahiya karda meshavad, ki bo on muhokimai sudi surat girifta bud va az qismi muqaddima, bayoniyu asosnokkuni va qismi khulosavi iborat meboshad.
  2. Hukm boyad az jonibi yake az sudyaho, ki dar barovardani on ishtirok dosht, navishta shavad yo bo yorii vositahoi tekhniki tahiya gardad va az jonibi hamai sudyaho imzo karda shavad.
  3. Isloh darovardan ba hukm boyad to elon kardani on dar khonai mashvarati vorid karda shuda, ezoh doda va bo imzoi hamai sudyaho tasdiq karda shavad.

 

Moddai 342. Qismi muqaddimavii hukm

 

Dar qismi muqaddimavii hukm  inho inikos megardand:

– barovardani hukm az nomi  Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– vaqt va joi barovardani hukm;

– nomi sude, ki hukmro barovardaast, hayati sud, kotibi majlisi sud, aybdorkunanda, himoyatgar;

nasab, nom va nomi padari sudshavanda, sol, moh, ruz va joi tavalludi u, joi istiqomat, joi kor, shugl, tahsilot,  vazi oilavi va digar malumot oid ba sudshavanda, ki baroi parvanda ahamiyat dorand;

– qonuni jinoyatie, ki javobgariro baroi jinoyate, ki dar sodir namudani on sudshavanda aybdor donista meshavad, peshbini mekunad.

 

Moddai 343. Qismi bayoniyu asosnokkunii hukmi aybdorkunanda

 

  1. Dar qismi bayoniyu asosnokkuni boyad bayoni kirdori jinoyati, ki sud onro isbotshuda etirof kardaast, bo nishon dodani mahal, vaqt, tarzi sodir kardani on, namudi gunoh, sabab, maqsad va oqibathoi jinoyat inikos gardand. Dar hukm dalelhoe, ki khulosai sud bo onho asosnok karda shudaand va vajhhoe, ki mutobiqi on sud digar dalelhoro rad kardaast, ovarda meshavand. Dar on holathoi sabukkunanda va vazninkunandai jazo va dar surati etirofi beasosii qismi ayb yo muayyan namudani nodurustii bandubasti jinoyat asos va sababhoi tagyir dodani ayb zikr meshavand.
  2. Sud inchunin vazifador ast asoshoi halli hamai masalahoero, ki bo taini jazoi jinoyati, ozod kardan az jazo yo az adoi on, tatbiqi digar chorahoi tasirrasoni aloqamandand, inikos kunad.
  3. Qismi bayoniyu asosnokkuni asosnokii qarorhoi qabulshudaro oid ba masalahoe, ki dar moddai 335 Kodeksi mazkur zikr gardidaand, dar bar megirad.

 

Moddai 344. Qismi khulosavii hukmi aybdorkunanda

 

  1. Dar qismi khulosavii hukmi aybdorkunanda inho boyad nishon doda shavand:

nasab, nom va nomi padari sudshavanda;

– qarori gunahgor donistani sudshavanda dar sodir namudani jinoyat;

– qism va bandhoi moddai qonuni jinoyati, ki tibqi on sudshavanda gunahgor etirof shudaast;

– namud va andozai jazoi nisbat ba sudshavanda tainshuda baroi har yak jinoyate, ki dar sodir namudani on u gunahgor etirof shudaast, chorai nihoii jazo, ki dar asosi moddahoi 67, 68 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston boyad ado karda shavad, namud va nizomi muassisai islohi, ki dar on boyad mahkumshuda jazoro ado kunad;

– davomnokii muhlati sanjish hangomi shartan tatbiq nakardani jazo va uhdadorihoe, ki ba zimmai mahkumshuda guzoshta meshavand;

– qaror dar borai tain kardani jazoi ilovagi;

– qarori bahisobgirii muhlati dar habsi peshaki qaror doshtan, ba sharte, ki sudshavanda to barovardani hukm dastgir yo nisbati u chorahoi peshgiri dar namudi bahabsgiri, habsi khonagi tatbiq shuda boshad yo u dar muassisahoi ravonpizishki joy doda shuda boshad.

– qarori chorahoi peshgiri nisbat ba sudshavanda to etibori qonuni paydo kardani hukm.

  1. Agar ba sudshavanda oid ba yakchand moddahoi‚ konuni jinoyati ayb elon shuda boshad, dar qismi khulosavii hukm boyad daqiq nishon doda shavad, ki bo kadome az onho sudshavanda safed va bo kadome az onho mahkum karda shudaast.
  2. Dar surati ozod kardani sudshavanda az adoi jazo yo barovardani hukm be taini jazo dar in bora dar qismi khulosavii hukm nishon doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 345. Qismi bayoniyu asosnokkunii hukmi safedkunanda

 

Dar qismi bayoniyu asosnokkunii hukmi safedkunanda inho zikr megardand:

– mohiyati aybi peshnihodshuda, holathoi parvanda, ki sud muayyan kardaast;

– dalelhoe, ki baroi safed kardani sudshavanda asos shudaand;

– asoshoe, ki muvofiqi onho dalelhoi peshnihodnamudai tarafi aybdorkuni rad karda meshavand;

– asoshoi qaror nisbat ba davoi grajdani.

 

Moddai 346. Qismi khulosavii hukmi safedkunanda

 

Dar qismi khulosavii hukmi safedkunanda inho boyad zikr gardand:

nasab, nom va nomi padari sudshavanda;

– qarori begunoh etirof kardani sudshavanda va safed     kardani u;

– asoshoi safedkuni;

– qarori bekor kardani chorahoi peshgiri, ba sharte, ki on tatbiq shuda boshad;

– qarori bekor kardani tamini musodirai molu mulk, ba sharte, ki chunin choraho andeshida shuda boshand.

 

Moddai 347. Digar masalahoe, ki boyad dar qismi khulosavii hukm hal karda shavand

 

Dar qismi khulosavii ham hukmi aybdorkunanda va ham hukmi safedkunanda gayr az masalahoe, ki muvofiqan dar moddahoi 344 va 346 Kodeksi mazkur nombar shudaand, boyad inikos gardand:

– qarori davoi grajdanii arzshuda;

– halli masalahoi dalelhoi shayi;

– qarori taqsimi kharojoti murofiavi;

– fahmondani tartib va muhlati ovardani shikoyat yo etirozi kassatsioni  ba hukm.

 

Moddai 348. Eloni hukm

 

  1. Pas az imzoi hukm sud, sudya ba tolori majlisi sud barmegardad va raisikunanda yo sudya hukmro elon mekunad. Hamai hozironi tolori majlisi sud hukmro az joy barkhosta meshunavand.
  2. Raisikunanda ba sudshavanda, tarafhoi digar mazmuni hukm, tartib va muhlati az on shikoyat kardanro mefahmonad. Agar ba sudshavanda jazoi qatl tain shuda boshad, ba u inchunin huquqi peshnihodi darkhosti bakhshishi jazo fahmonda meshavad.
  3. Hangomi elon kardani qismi muqaddimavi va khulosavii hukm raisikunanda ba ishtirokchiyoni murofiai sudi tartibi bo matni purrai on shinos shudanro mefahmonad.(QJT az 27.11.14s., №1134)

 

Moddai 349. Ozod kardani sudshavanda az habs

 

Hangomi safed kardani sudshavanda, inchunin hangomi barovardani hukmi bo ozod kardan az adoi jazo yo be taini jazo yo bo shartan mahkum kardan yo bo mahkum kardan ba jazoe, ki bo mahrum kardan az ozodi aloqamand nameboshad, sudshavandai ba habs giriftashuda boyad favran dar tolori majlisi sud ozod karda shavad.

 

Moddai 350. Supurdani nuskhai hukmi sud

 

Na dertar az panj shabonaruz bad az eloni hukmi sud nuskhai on boyad ba mahkumshuda yo safedshuda supurda shavad. Dar hamin muhlat nuskhai hukm ba aybdorkunandai davlati va ba istisnoi parvandahoe, ki dar majlisi pushidai sudi barrasi karda meshavand ba,himoyatgar, jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onho bo darkhosti shakhsoni zikrgardida supurda meshavad. (QJT az 14.03.14 s., № 1067; az 27.11.14s., №1134)

 

Moddai 351. Masalahoe, ki sud hamzamon bo barovardani hukm hal mekunad

 

  1. Agar shakhsi ba mahrum sokhtan az ozodi mahkumshuda farzandoni nobolig, digar shakhsoni dar taminotash buda yo padaru modari pironsol, ki be nigohbon memonand, doshta boshad, sud hamzamon bo barovardani hukmi ayborkunanda masalai ba kheshovandoni nazdik, yo digar shakhson suporidani in shakhson yo jihati joygir namudani onho dar muassisahoi kudakona yo hifzi ijtimoi qaror yo tainot mebarorad. Agar mahkumshuda molumulk yo manzile doshta boshad, ki be nigahbon memonand, sud jihati muhofizati onho niz chora meandeshad.
  2. Agar dar parvanda himoyatgar mutobiqi tainot ishtirok doshta boshad, sud hamzamon bo barovardani hukm dar borai andozai podoshpuli, ki sudshavanda boyad ba mashvaratkhonai huquqi suporad, tainot (qaror) mebarorad.
  3. Hamai qarorhoi murofiavii dar hamin modda nombarshuda boyad dar tolori majlisi sud bad az eloni hukm elon karda shavand.

 

Moddai 352. Dodani imkoniyati vokhuri bo mahkumshuda

 

To ba ijro rasonidani hukmi sud raisikunanda yo raisi sud boyad ba kheshovandoni nazdiki mahkumshudai tahti habs qarordoshta bo khohishi onho imkoniyat dihad to bo u vokhuri kunand.

 

BOBI 37. PESHBURDI PARVANDAI AYBDORKUNII HUSUSI

 

Moddai 353. Tobeiyati sudii parvandai aybdorkunii khususi

 

Parvandai aybdorkunii khususi, ki dar qismi 2 moddai 24 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini shudaast‚ az tarafi sudyai sudi shahru nohiya  barrasi karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 354. Ogoz kardani parvandai aybdorkunii khususi

 

  1. Parvandai aybdorkunii khususi az jonibi jabrdida yo namoyandai qonunii u bo rohi ba sud dodani ariza dar borai ba javobgarii jinoyati kashidani shakhs ogoz karda meshavad.
  2. Parvandai aybdorkunii khususi az jonibi prokuror tibqi talaboti qismi 4 moddai 24 Kodeksi mazkur ogoz karda meshavad.
  3. Ariza boyad inhoro dar bar girad:

– nomi sudero, ki ariza ba on supurda meshavad;

– bayoni hodisai jinoyat;

– mahal va vaqti sodir kardani jinoyat bo nishon dodani dalelho;

– darkhost ba sud oid ba qabul karda giriftani parvanda baroi peshburd;

– malumot dar borai shakhse, ki ba javobgarii jinoyati kashida meshavad;

– ruykhati shohidone, ki davatashon ba sud zarur ast;

– imzoi shakhsi arzkarda.

  1. Ariza ba sud bo nuskhahoi barobari shumorai shakhsone, ki dar haqqi onho parvandai aybdorkunii khususi ogoz megardad, peshnihod karda meshavad.
  2. Az lahzai arizaro baroi peshburd qabul kardani sud shakhsi onro peshnihodkarda aybdorkunandai khususi hisobida shuda, ba u boyad huquqhoi bo moddai 43 Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda fahmonda shavand.

 

Moddai 355. Vakolathoi sud oid ba parvandai aybdorkunii khususi to ogozi muhokimai sudi

 

  1. Dar holate ki arizai peshnihodshuda ba talaboti qismhoi 3 va 4 moddai 354 Kodeksi mazkur javobgu naboshad, sudya bo qarori khud shakhsi arznamudaro vazifador mekunad, ki dalelho peshnihod kunad, kambudihoro bartaraf sozad va baroi on muhlat muqarrar mekunad. Hangomi ijro nakardani qaror sudya bo qarori khud jihati barrasi qabul namudani arizaro rad namuda, dar in bora shakhsi arznamudaro ogoh mesozad.
  2. Ba majlisi sud be sababhoi uzrnoki dar qismi 2 moddai 224 Kodeksi mazkur zikrgardida hozir nashudani aybdorkunandai khususi yo namoyandai u boisi qat kardani peshburdi parvanda megardad.
  3. Bo darkhosti aybdorkunandai khususi sudya boyad ba u dar jamovarii dalelho musoidat kunad.
  4. Sudya hangomi mavjud budani asosho baroi taini majlisi sud dar muhlati to haft shabonaruz az lahzai vorid gardidani ariza ba sud vazifador ast, shakhsero, ki nisbati u shikoyat karda shudaast, davat namuda, uro bo mavodi parvanda shinos kunad va huquqhoi sudshavandaro dar majlisi sud, ki moddai 47 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini namudaast, fahmonad va muayyan kunad, ki kihoro ba sifati shohid va himoyatgar ba sud davat kardan mumkin ast.
  5. Sudya vazifador ast ba tarafho imkoniyati oshti shudanro fahmonad.
  6. Dar surati az jonibi tarafho rasidani ariza dar borai oshti peshburdi parvanda dar asosi sarkhati panjumi qismi 1 moddai 27 Kodeksi mazkur bo qarori sudya qat karda meshavad.
  7. Agar tarafho bo hamdigar oshti nashavand, sudya pas az ijroi talaboti qismhoi 3 va 4 hamin modda tibqi qoidahoi moddai 262 Kodeksi mazkur barrasii parvandaro tain mekunad.

 

Moddai 356. Barrasii parvanda dar majlisi sud

 

  1. Parvanda dar majlisi sud az tarafi sudya tibqi qoidahoi umumii muhokimai sudi bo istisnoi tartibi muqarrarnamudai hamin modda, barrasi karda meshavad.
  2. Muhokimai sudi boyad dar muhlati na dertar az chordah shabonaruz az lahzai ba sud rasidani ariza sar karda shavad.
  3. Barrasii arizaro oid ba parvandai aybdorkunii khususi bo barrasii arizai mutaqobila yakjoya pesh burdan mumkin ast. YAkjoya kardan tibqi qarori sudya to ogozi taftishi sudi ijozat doda meshavad. Hangomi yakjoya kardani arizaho dar yak peshburd, shakhsone, ki onro arz kardaand, dar murofia hamzamon ba sifati aybdorkunandai khususi va sudshavanda ishtirok mekunand. Baroi omodagi ba himoya va vobasta ba vorid shudani arizai mutaqobila va yakjoya kardani peshburd tibqi darkhosti shakhse, ki nisbati u arizai mutaqobila doda shudaast, parvandaro ba muhlati na beshtar az se shabonaruz mavquf guzoshtan mumkin ast.
  4. Pursishi in shakhson oid ba holathoi dar arizaho inikosnamudaashon tibqi qoidahoi pursishi jabrdida, oid ba holathoi dar arizahoi mutaqobila inikosyofta boshad, tibqi qoidahoi pursishi sudshavanda anjom doda meshavad.
  5. Aybdorkuni dar majlisi sud az jonibi aybdorkunandai khususi yo namoyandai u taqviyat doda meshavad.
  6. Taftishi sudi az zikri ariza az tarafi shakhsi onro arzkarda yo namoyandai u ogoz meyobad.

 

FASLI IV. AZ NAV  DIDA BAROMADANI HUKM, TAINOT VA QARORE, KI ETIBORI QONUNI PAYDO NAKARDAAND

BOBI 38. SHIKOYAT VA ETIROZI KASSATSIONI AZ QARORI SUD, KI ETIBORI QONUNI PAYDO NAKARDAAST

 

Moddai 357. Huquqi ovardani shikoyat va etirozi kassatsioni az hukm

 

  1. Mutobiqi qoidahoi peshbininamudai bobi mazkur az hukmi sud, ki etibori qonuni paydo nakardaast, az jonibi tarafho tibqi tartibi kassatsioni shikoyat va etiroz ovardan mumkin ast.
  2. Tibqi tartibi kassatcioni shikoyat va etirozho ba hukmhoi etibori qonuni paydonakardai sudi marhilai yakum barrasi karda meshavand.
  3. Huquqi shikoyat ovardanro ba hukm mahkumshuda, safedshuda, himoyatgari onho va namoyandagoni qonunii onho, jabrdida va namoyandai u dorand.
  4. Davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani yo namoyandagoni onho huquq dorand ba hukm dar qismi vobasta ba davoi grajdani, inchunin digar shakhsone, ki huququ manfiyathoi molumulkii onho bo hukm khalaldor shudaast, dar qismi huququ manfiyathoi molumulkii khalaldorshuda javobgari grajdani yo namoyandagoni onho huquq dorand ba hukm dar qismi vobasta ba davoi grajdani shikoyat ovarand.(QJT az 28.12.12s., №932)
  5. Huquqi etiroz ovardan ba hukm ba prokurore taalluq dorad, ki dar sud ba sifati aybdorkunandai davlati baromad kardaast. Prokurori generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston, prokurorhoi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, shahri Dushanbe, viloyatho, shahrho, nohiyaho, prokurorhoi ba onho barobarkardashuda va muovinoni onho dar doirai salohiyati khud huquq dorand, sarfi nazar az shirkatashon dar murofiai sudii parvandai jinoyati, ba hukm etiroz ovarand.

 

Moddai 358. Tartibi shikoyat kardan va etiroz ovardan ba hukmho

 

  1. Bo tartibi kassatsioni shikoyat karda va etiroz ovarda meshavand az:

– hukmhoi sudhoi shahri va nohiyavi ba sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, sudhoi viloyat va hukmhoi sudhoi nohiyavii shahri Dushanbe ba sudi shahri Dushanbe;

– hukmhoi sudhoi nohiyaho va shahrhoi tobei jumhuri ba Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– hukmhoi sudi  Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, sudi viloyati va sudi shahri Dushanbe ba Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– hukmhoi sudhoi harbii garnizonho ba Kollegiyai harbii Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– hukmhoi kollegiyahoi sudii Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston.

  1. SHikoyatho va etirozhoi kassatsioni ba vositai sude, ki hukmro barovardaast, peshnihod megardad, ammo bevosita ba marhilai kassatsioni ovardani shikoyat yo etiroz ba barrasii shikoyat yo etiroz mone nameshavad.
  2. Az hukme, ki hangomi barrasii takrorii parvanda barovarda shudaast‚ bo tartibi umumi shikoyat va etiroz ovardan mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 359. Muhlathoi shikoyat kardan va etiroz ovardan ba hukmho

 

  1. Tarafho metavonand az hukmi sud dar muhlati dah shabonaruz az lahzai eloni on, agar mahkumshuda tahti habs qaror doshta boshad‚ dar hamin muhlat az lahzai ba u suporida shudani nuskhai hukm shikoyat kunand yo etiroz ovarand.
  2. Dar jarayoni muhlati baroi shikoyat kardan az hukm muayyangardida parvandaro az sud talab karda giriftan mumkin nest.
  3. SHikoyat va etirozhoe, ki bo guzaronidani muhlat arz shudaand, mavridi barrasi qaror doda nameshavand.

 

Moddai 360. Tartibi barqaror namudani muhlati shikoyat  kardan va etiroz ovardan

 

  1. Dar surati bo sababi uzrnok guzaronidani muhlati shikoyat kardan va etiroz ovardan shakhsone, ki baroi shikoyat kardan va etiroz ovardan huquq dorand, metavonand ba sudi hukmbarovarda dar khususi barqaror namudani muhlat darkhost peshnihod namoyand Darkhosti barqaror namudani muhlat dar muhokimai sudii parvanda mavridi barrasi qaror doda shuda, sudya huquq dorad, shakhsero, ki darkhostro peshnihod kardaast, baroi dodani bayonot yo khulosa davat kunad.
  2. Az qarori sud dar khususi rad namudani barqaror kardani muhlati guzaronidashuda ba sudi boloi, ki huquq dorad, muhlati guzaronidashudaro barqaror va parvandaro tibqi shikoyat yo etiroz barrasi namoyad, shikoyat kardan va etiroz ovardan mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 361. Ogoh kardani tarafho az shikoyat va etirozi peshnihodshuda

 

  1. Dar khususi shikoyat va etirozi dokhilshuda sudyae, ki hukm barovardaast, mahkumshuda yo safedshuda, himoyatgar, aybdorkunanda, jabrdida yo namoyandai u, inchunin davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani va namoyandagoni onhoro, ba sharte ki etiroz yo shikoyat ba manfiati onho dakholat kunad, ogoh namuda, mefahmonad, ki onho huquq dorand, bo shikoyat yo etiroz shinos shavand va ba tavri khatti erodhoi khudro ba shikoyat yo etiroz peshnihod kunand.
  2. Bo khohishi onho sud nuskhai etiroz yo shikoyatro, ki tarafi digar dodaast, ba onho mesuporad.
  3. Erodhoe, ki nisbat ba etiroz yo shikoyat rasidaand‚ ba parvanda hamroh karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 362. Oqibathoi shikoyat kardan va etiroz ovardan

 

  1. SHikoyat kardan va etiroz ovardan ijroi hukmro bozmedorad.
  2. Pas az guzashtani muhlati baroi shikoyat yo etirozi hukm muayyangardida sudyae, ki hukmro barovardaast, parvandaro bo shikoyat, etiroz va erodhoi nisbat ba on rasida ba sudi marhilai kassatsioni mefiristad va dar in bora tarafhoro ogoh mekunad.
  3. SHakhse, ki az hukm shikoyat kardaast va etiroz ovardaast, huquq dorad onro to ogozi majlisi sudi marhilai kassatsioni bozkhonad.
  4. SHakhse, ki az hukm shikoyat kardaast va etiroz ovardaast, huquq dorad onro tagyir dihad yo shikoyat yo etirozi khudro bo dalelhoi nav purra kunad. Zimnan dar etirozi ilovagii prokuror yo dar shikoyati shakhs dar borai tagyir dodani shikoyat, hamchunin dar shikoyati ilovagii jabrdida, aybdorkunandai khususi yo namoyandagoni onho, ki pas az guzashtani muhlati ovardani shikoyat yo etiroz ba hukm peshnihod shudaast‚ dar borai bad kardani vazi mahkumshuda, ba sharte ki chunin talab dar shikoyat yo etirozi peshtar ovardashuda joy nadoshta boshad, masala guzoshtan mumkin nest.

 

Moddai 363. SHikoyat kardan va etiroz ovardan az tainoti (qarori) sudi marhilai yakum

 

  1. Az tainoti (qarori) sudi marhilai yakum‚ ba istisnoi muqarraroti qismi 3 hamin modda‚ az jonibi shakhsoni dar moddai 357 Kodeksi mazkur zikrshuda shikoyati khususi kardan yo etirozi khususi ovardan mumkin ast.
  2. Mutobiqi qoidahoi hamin modda az tainote (qarore), ki dar rafti muhokimai sudi dar borai tahqiqi dalelho, darkhosti ishtirokchiyoni murofia, inchunin rioyai tartibot dar tolori majlisi sud, gayr az tainoti (qarori) dar khususi sitonidani jarima barovardashuda, shikoyat yo etiroz karda nameshavad. Erod ba qarorhoi dar bolo zikrshuda mumkin ast ba tariqi shikoyati kassatsioni yo etiroz nisbati hukm peshnihod shavad. (ЌЉT az 14.03.14 s., № 1067)
  3. SHikoyati khususi yo etiroz az tainoti (qarori) sudi marhilai yakum az jonibi tarafho dar muhlati dah shabonaruz az lahzai barovarda shudanashon doda shuda, tibqi talaboti bobi 39 Kodeksi mazkur barrasi karda meshavand.
  4. Dar surati shikoyat kardan va etiroz ovardan ba tainote (qarore), ki dar jarayoni muhokimai sudi bo barovardani hukm khotima yoftaast, parvanda tanho pas az guzashtani muhlati baroi shikoyati hukm muayyangardida ba sudi marhilai boloi firistoda meshavad. Zimnan, agar ba hukm shikoyati kassatsioni ovarda shuda boshad, taftishi shikoyati khususi yo etirozi khususi az jonibi on marhilai sudi anjom doda meshavad, ki parvandaro bo tartibi kassatsioni barrasi mekunad.
  5. Huquqi shikoyat kardan az tainoti sud va qarori sudya, inchunin ba shakhsone taalluq dorad, ki dar parvandai mazkur ba sifati taraf ishtirok nadoshtand, vale tainot yo qaror ba manfiati onho dakholat mekunad.

 

BOBI 39. BA TARIQI KASSATSIONI BARRASI KARDANI PARVANDAI JINOYATI

 

Moddai 364. Mavzui muhokimai sudi dar marhilai kassatsioni

 

Sudi marhilai kassatsioni az rui shikoyat va etirozhoi kassatsioni qonuni, asosnok va odilona budani hukm va digar qarorhoi sudiro taftish menamoyad.

 

Moddai 365. Hayati  sud  hangomi  barrasii  parvandae, ki az on shikoyat karda va ba on etirozi kassatsioni ovarda shudaast

 

Parvandai jinoyati ba tariqi kassatsioni az tarafi sud dar hayati se nafar sudya barrasi karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 366. Muhlathoi barrasii parvanda dar sudi marhilai kassatsioni

 

  1. Sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, sudhoi viloyati va sudi shahri Dushanbe boyad parvandai tibqi shikoyat yo etirozi kassatsioni rasidaro dar muhlati na dertar az chordah shabonaruz az ruzi vorid shudanash barrasi kunand. Hangomi makhsusan murakkab budani parvanda yo dar holathoi digari istisnoi raisi sudi dakhldor metavonad bo qarori khud in muhlatro to chordah shabonaruz daroz kunad.
  2. Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston parvandai tibqi shikoyat yo etirozi kassatsioni rasidaro boyad dar muhlati na dertar az yak moh az ruzi vorid shudanash barrasi kunad. Dar holathoi istisno Raisi Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston yo muovini u metavonand bo qarori khud in muhlatro to yak moh daroz kunad.
  3. Dar surati daroz kardani muhlati barrasii parvanda dar marhilai kassatsioni ishtirokchiyoni parvanda boyad peshaki ogoh karda shavand.

 

Moddai 367. SHikoyat yo etirozi kassatsioni

 

SHikoyat yo etirozi  kassatsioni  inhoro boyad  dar bar girad:

–  nomi sude, ki az on shikoyat yo ba on etiroz ovarda shudaast;

– malumot dar khususi shakhse, ki shikoyat yo etirozro ovardaast (vazi murofiavii u), joi  istiqomat va mahalli buduboshi u;

– hukm yo digar qarore, ki az on shikoyat yo ba on etiroz ovarda shudaast va sude, ki in qarorro barovardaast;

– vajhhoi shakhse, ki shikoyat yo etiroz ovardaast, nodurustii hukm yo digar qaror dar chist  va khohishi u az chi iborat ast;

– nomgui mavode, ki ba shikoyat yo etiroz zamima karda shudaast;

– imzoi shakhse, ki shikoyat yo etiroz ovardaast.

 

 Moddai 368. Taini majlisi sudi marhilai kassatsioni

 

  1. Hangomi bo shikoyat yo etirozi kassatsioni vorid shudani parvanda raisi sudi marhilai kassatsioni yo muovini u oid ba parvanda hayati kollegiyai kassatsioni va sudyai maruzakunandaro tain namuda, dar ayni zamon raisikunanda, joy va vaqti dar majlisi sud barrasi kardani parvandaro muayyan mekunad.
  2. Dar borai joy va vaqti barrasii parvanda dar marhilai kassatsioni tarafho boyad ogoh karda shavand. Masalai davati mahkumshudae, ki tahti habs qaror dorad, az jonibi sud hal karda meshavad. Mahkumshudai tahti habs qarordoshta, ki khohishi shirkat kardan dar barrasii shikoyatash yo etirozi khilofi manfiati u ovardai prokuror namudaast, boyad ba majlisi sudii marhilai kassatsioni ovarda shavad.
  3. Hozir nashudani shakhsone, ki dar borai joy va vaqti majlisi kassatsioni sari vaqt ogoh gardidaand, baroi barrasii parvanda monea shuda nametavonad.
  4. SHakhsone, ki mutobiqi qismi 3 moddai 357 Kodeksi mazkur baroyashon huquqi shikoyat ovardan az hukm doda shudaast, inchunin himoyatgari mahkumshuda (safedshuda) yo namoyandai jabrdida, ki pas az barovardani hukm suporishi onhoro qabul kardaand, dar hama holatho ba majlisi kassatsioni roh doda meshavand. Bo khohishi onho baroi asosnok kardani shikoyat yo etiroz yo erod giriftan ba onho sukhan doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 369. Tartibi barrasii parvanda az jonibi sudi marhilai kassatsioni

 

  1. Raisikunanda majlisi sudro kushoda, elon mekunad, ki kadom parvanda va dar asosi shikoyat yo etirozi kassatsionii ki mavridi barrasi qaror megirad. Pas az in raisikunanda muayyan mekunad, ki az rui parvanda kiho hozir shudaand va bad sud masalaro dar borai imkoniyati barrasii parvanda hal menamoyad. Sipas raisikunanda hayati sud, prokuror va tarjumonro elon mekunad va ba shakhsoni ba sud hozirshuda huquqi izhori rad namudanro fahmonda, az onho mepursad, ki arizahoi radkuni dorand yo ne. Oid ba radkunii arzshuda sud tainot mebarorad.
  2. Raisikunanda az shakhsoni hozirshuda dar borai darkhosti onho pursida va sud az rui barrasii darkhost tainot mebarorad.
  3. Barrasii parvanda bo ittilooti sudyai maruzakunanda ogoz yofta, u mohiyati parvanda va vajhhoi shikoyat yo etirozro bayon mekunad. Pas az maruza shakhsoni shikoyat yo etiroz arzkarda vajhhoi khudro asosnok mekunand. Dar surati peshnihodi mavodi ilovagi raisikunanda yo sudyai maruzakunanda onhoro elon mekunad va baroi shinosoi ba prokuror va shakhsoni dar moddai 368 Kodeksi mazkur nishondodashuda medihad, ba sharte ki onho dar murofia ishtirok doshta boshand. Pas az in mahkumshuda yo safedkardashuda, himoyatgaroni onho va namoyandagoni qonunii onho, davogari grajdani va javobgari grajdani yo namoyandagoni onho, ba sharte ki onho dar murofia ishtirok doshta boshand, bayonot medihand. Badi dodani bayonot sud khulosai prokurorro meshunavad va baroi barovardani tainot ba khonai mashvarati meravad.
  4. Mavodi ilovagii peshnihodgardida naboyad bo rohi guzaronidani amalhoi taftishi ba dast ovarda shuda boshad.
  5. Tartibi majlisi sud va chorahoe, ki nisbat ba vayronkunandagon andeshida meshavand, az rui talaboti moddahoi 291 va 292 Kodeksi mazkur muayyan karda meshavand.
  6. Sudi marhilai kassatsioni parvandaro, gayr az holathoi dar moddai 273 Kodeksi mazkur zikrgardida‚ dar majlisi oshkoroi sud barrasi mekunad.
  7. To sar shudani majlisi sud shakhse, ki az hukm shikoyat yo ba on etiroz ovardaast, huquq dorad shikoyat yo etirozi khudro bozkhonad. Prokurori boloi huquq dorad, ki etirozi ovardai prokurori poyoniro bozpas khonad.

 

Moddai 370. Haddi barrasii parvanda dar sudi  marhilai kassatsioni

 

Sud bo vajhhoi dar shikoyat yo etirozi kassatsioni ovardashuda vobasta nabuda, parvandaro dar hajmi purraash dar haqqi hamai aybdoron, az jumla nisbat ba onhoe, ki shikoyat yo etirozi kassatsioni naovardaand, mesanjad.

 

Moddai 371. Qarore, ki sudi marhilai kassatsioni qabul mekunad

 

Hangomi bo tartibi kassatsioni barrasi namudani parvanda sud yake az qarorhoi zaylro qabul mekunad:

– hukmro betagyir va shikoyat yo etirozro beqanoat memonad;

– hukmro bekor va parvandaro qat menamoyad;

– hukmro tagyir medihad;

– hukmro bekor mekunad va parvandaro baroi taftishi nav yo ba muhokimai navi sudi mefiristad.

 

Moddai 372. Asosho baroi bekor kardan yo tagyir dodani hukm dar sudi  marhilai kassatsioni

 

Baroi bo tartibi kassatsioni bekor kardan yo tagyir dodani hukm inho asos shuda metavonand:

– yaktarafa yo nopurra budani tahqiq, taftishi peshaki yo sudi;

– muvofiqat nakardani khulosai sud, ki dar hukm bayon shudaand, ba holathoi voqeii parvanda;

– ba tavri jiddi vayron karda shudani qonuni murofiavii jinoyati;

– nodurust tatbiq karda shudani qonuni jinoyati;

– nomuvofiqii jazoi tainshuda ba vazninii jinoyat va shakhsiyati mahkumshuda.

 

Moddai 373.  YAktarafa yo nopurra budani tahqiq, taftishi peshaki yo sudi

 

  1. Tahqiq, taftishi peshaki yo sudi yaktarafa yo nopurra ba hisob meravad, ba sharte ki zimni anjom dodani on holathoi baroi barovardani hukm ahamiyati jiddi doshta muayyan karda nashuda boshand.
  2. Tahqiq, taftishi peshaki yo sudi dar hama holat yaktarafa yo nopurra etirof karda meshavad, ba sharte ki doir ba parvanda:

– shakhsone nopursida monda boshand, ki nishondodhoi onho baroi parvanda ahamiyati jiddi dorand yo ekspertizae guzaronida nashuda boshad, ki muvofiqi qonun guzaronidani on hatmist, hamzamon hujjathoe talab karda girifta yo dalelhoi shayie, ki daryoft nagardida ba parvanda hamroh karda nashuda boshand, ki ahamiyati jiddi dorand;

– holathoe tahqiq nashuda boshand, ki dar tainoti sudi parvandai jinoyatiro ba taftishi nav yo muhokimai navi sudi firistoda nishon doda shudaand;

– malumot oid ba shakhsiyati sudshavanda purra muayyan karda nashuda boshad.

 

Moddai 374. Ba holathoi voqeii kor muvofiq nabudani khulosai sud, ki dar hukm ifoda yoftaand

 

Hukm ba holathoi voqeii kor nomuvofiq etirof karda meshavad, ba sharte ki:

– khulosai sud bo dalelhoe, ki dar majlisi sud tahqiq shudaand, tasdiq nashavand;

– sud holathoero, ki ba khulosai on tasiri jiddi rasonida metavonistand, ba hisob nagirifta boshad;

– dalelhoi ba ham muqobil, ki baroi khulosai sud ahamiyati jiddi dorand, mavjud boshandu dar hukm nishon doda nashuda boshad, ki sud bo kadom asosho bazei in dalelhoro qabul kardaastu dalelhoi digarro rad namudaast;

– khulosai sud, ki dar hukm ifoda yoftaand, ikhtilofho doshta boshandu baroi hal namudani masalai gunahgor budan yo begunohii shakhsi mahkumshuda, yo khud safed kardashuda, baroi durustii tatbiq namudani qonuni jinoyati yo baroi muayyan kardani chorai jazo tasir rasonand yo khud tasir rasonda metavonista boshand.

 

Moddai 375. Ba  tavri jiddi vayron kardani qonuni murofiavii jinoyati

 

  1. Ba tavri jiddi vayron kardani qonuni murofiavii jinoyati chunin vayronkunii prinsipho va digar muqarraroti umumii Kodeksi mazkur hangomi peshburdi parvanda etirof karda meshavad, ki bo rohi mahrum yo mahdud kardani huquqhoi ba shakhsoni dar parvanda ishtirokkunanda kafolatdodai qonun, rioya nakardani rasmiyati peshburdi sudi yo bo rohi digar ba tahqiqi hamajoniba va kholisonai holathoi parvanda khalal rasonida, baroi barovardani hukmi odilonai sudi tasir rasonidaand yo metavonistand tasir rasonand.
  2. Hukm boyad bekor karda shavad:

– vaqte ki yaktarafa yo nopurra budani taftishi sudi natijai sahvan az barrasi istisno kardani dalelhoi imkonpazir yo beasos rad kardani peshnihodi taraf dar tahqiqi dalelhoe boshad, ki baroi parvanda ahamiyat doshta metavonistand;

– tahqiq nakardani dalelhoe, ki boyad hatman tahqiq shavand (nabudani khulosai korshinos, hangome ki on hatmi meboshad, ijro nakardani tainoti sude, ki parvandaro az muhokimai peshaki baroi taftishi ilovagi firistodaast va gayra).

  1. Hukm dar har holat boyad bekor karda shavad, ba sharte ki:

– hangomi mavjud budani asoshoi peshbininamudai moddai 288 Kodeksi mazkur parvandai jinoyati az jonibi sud qat nagardida boshad;

– hukm bo hayati gayriqonunii sud barovarda shuda boshad;

– parvanda dar goibii sudshavanda barrasi gardida boshad, ba gayr az holathoi peshbininamudai qismhoi 3 va 4 moddai 280 Kodeksi mazkur;

– parvanda be ishtiroki himoyatgar barrasi shudaast, hangome ki ishtiroki u tibqi qonun hatmi meboshad yo bo tarzi digar huquqi aybdorshavanda baroi doshtani himoyatgar vayron karda shuda boshad;

– dar sud huquqi aybdorshavanda (sudshavanda) dar bobati istifodai zaboni modari yo khizmati tarjumon vayron karda shuda boshad;

– ba sudshavanda huquqi ishtirok dar muzokirai sudi peshnihod nashuda boshad;

– ba sudshavanda sukhani okhirin doda nashuda boshad;

– hangomi barovardani hukm makhfi budani mashvarati sudyaho vayron karda shuda boshad;

–  hukm az tarafi sudya yo yake az sudyaho imzo nashuda boshad;

–  dar parvanda protokoli majlisi sud naboshad.

 

Moddai 376. Nodurust tatbiq karda shudani qonuni jinoyati

 

Qonuni jinoyati nodurust tatbiqshuda ba hisob meravad, ba sharte ki:

– sud qonunero, ki tatbiq karda shudani on lozim bud, tatbiq nakarda boshad;

– sud qonunero, ki tatbiq karda shudani on lozim nabud, tatbiq karda boshad;

– sud qonunro nodurust manidod kardaast, ki on ba mazmuni daqiqi qonun mukholif boshad.

 

Moddai 377. Nomuvofiqii jazoi tainnamudai sud

 

Ba vazninii jinoyat va shakhsiyati mahkumshuda chunin jazo nomuvofiq donista meshavad, ki agar on az doirai peshbinikardai qonuni jinoyati berun nabaromada boshad ham, vale az rui namud va andozai khud, chi az jihati sabuki va chi az jihati vazniniash baralo beadolatona meboshad.

 

Moddai 378. Noravoii vaznin kardani jazoi mahkumshuda yo dar haqqi u tatbiq namudani qonuni oid ba jinoyati vaznintar dar marhilai kassatsioni

 

  1. Sud dar vaqti ba tariqi kassatsioni dida baromadani parvanda metavonad jazoero, ki sudi marhilai yakum tain kardaast, sabuktar namoyad yo ki qonuni oid ba jinoyati sabuktarro tatbiq kunad, vale huquq nadorad, ki jazoro purzur namoyad va hamchunin qonuni doir ba jinoyati vaznintarro tatbiq kunad. (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)
  2. Hukmro bo zarurati tatbiqi qonun dar borai jinoyati vaznintar yo khud baroi sabuk budani jazo faqat dar hamon mavridho bekor kardan mumkin ast, ki bo hamin asosho prokuror etiroz ovarda yo jabrdida shikoyat karda boshad.

 

Moddai 379. Bekor kardani hukmi aybdorkuni va qat kardani parvanda

 

Sud parvandaro bo tartibi kassatsioni barrasi namuda, hangomi mavjud budani asoshoi peshbininamudai sarkhathoi panjum-nuhumi qismi 1 moddai 27 va moddai 28 Kodeksi mazkur hukmi aybdorkuniro bekor karda va parvandaro qat mekunad.

 

Moddai 380. Bekor kardani hukmi safedkunanda

 

  1. Hukmi safedkunandae, ki sudya tanho yo sud barovardaand, dar marhilai kassatsioni tanho az rui etirozi prokuror yo shikoyati jabrdida, aybdorkunandai khususi yo namoyandagoni onho, inchunin shikoyati shakhsi az jonibi sud safedkardashuda, ki bo asoshoi safedkuni rozi nameboshad, mumkin ast bekor karda shavad.
  2. Hukmi safedkunanda, tainot dar borai qat kardani parvanda yo digar qarore, ki ba manfiati sudshavanda barovarda shudaast, nametavonad binobar ba tavri jiddi vayron kardani qonuni murofiavii jinoyati, ba istisnoi holathoi peshbininamudai sarkhathoi duyum, nuhum va dahumi qismi 3 moddai 375 Kodeksi mazkur bekor karda shavad.

 

Moddai 381. Oqibathoi bekor kardani hukm

 

  1. Sud hangomi bekor kardani hukm va ba muhokimai navi sudi irsol namudani parvanda dar tayinot nishon medihad, ki peshburdi parvanda boyad az tahqiq yo taftishi nav yo az muhokimai sudi sar karda shavad.
  2. Dar surati bekor kardani hukm binobar zarurati elon kardani aybi nisbatan vaznintar yo aybe, ki az rui holathoi voqei az aybi dar ibtido elon kardashuda jiddan farq mekunad, parvanda tavassuti sude, ki hukm barovardaast, baroi taftishi nav ba prokuror ravon karda meshavad.
  3. Dar surati bekor kardani hukm bo sababi roh dodan ba vayronkunii qonun hangomi barrasii parvanda dar sud, parvanda baroi barrasii nav ba hamon sude, ki hukmro barovardaast, dar hayati nav yo ba sudi digar irsol karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 382. Tagyir dodani hukm

 

  1. Agar zimni barrasii parvanda ba tariqi kassatsioni muayyan karda shavad, ki sudi marhilai yakum qonuni jinoyatiro nodurust tatbiq kardaast yo jazoi tainkarda ba vazninii jinoyat va shakhsiyati mahkumshuda muvofiq nest, sudi marhilai kassatsioni metavonad parvandaro ba barrasii nav nadoda, tibqi muqarraroti moddai 378 Kodeksi mazkur ba hukm tagyirot vorid namoyad, ba sharte ki jazoi tagyirdodashuda az jazoi dar ibtido tainshuda ziyod naboshad va yo qonuni jinoyatii nisbatan vaznin tatbiq nashuda boshad.
  2. Sudi marhilai kassatsioni huquq nadorad ba hukm tagyirote darorad, ki ba holathoi dar hukmi sudi marhilai yakum muqarrar kardanashuda yo in ki ba dalelhoi radkardai on asos karda shuda boshad.

 

Moddai 383. Mazmuni tainoti kassatsioni

 

  1. Dar tainoti kassatsioni inho boyad zikr gardand:

– vaqt va joi barovardani  tainot;

– nomi sud va hayati kollegiyai kassatsioni, ki tainotro  barovardaast;

– shakhsone, ki zimni barrasii parvanda dar marhilai kassatsioni ishtirok doshtand;

– shakhsone, ki shikoyat yo etirozi kassatsioni arz namudaand;

– mohiyati shikoyat yo etiroz;

– mazmuni qismi khulosavii hukme, ki az on shikoyat karda yo etiroz ovarda shudaast;

– asoshoi qabuli qaror dar marhilai kassatsioni;

– qarori sudi marhilai kassatsioni oid ba shikoyat yo etiroz.

  1. Qismi bayoniyai tainot darji mukhtasari vajhhoi shakhsero, ki shikoyat arz yo etiroz kardaast, erodhoi digar shakhsoni ishtirokchii marhilai kassatsioni, inchunin asoshoi qabul kardani qarorro dar bar megirad. Agar shikoyat yo etiroz qone gardonida nashuda boshad, asoshoe, ki tibqi on shikoyat yo etiroz beasos yo kamahamiyat donista shudaast, nishon doda meshavand. Hangomi bekor kardan yo tagyir dodani hukm zikr karda meshavad, ki talaboti kadom moddahoi qonuni jinoyati yo murofiavii jinoyati vayron karda shudaast va in vayronkuniho az chiho iboratand; asoshoe, ki tibqi onho jazoi tainnamudai sudi marhilai yakum gayriodilona etirof shudaast. Dar surati ba taftishi nav va muhokimai navi sudi firistodani parvanda nishon doda meshavad, ki kadom vayronkunihoi qonun boyad bartaraf karda shavand. Dar ayni zamon sudi marhilai kassatsioni huquq nadorad oid ba isbotshuda yo isbotnashuda budani ayb, oid ba haqqoni yo nodurustii in yo on dalel va bartarii yak dalel nisbat ba daleli digar, oid ba tatbiqi qonuni jinoyati dar borai jazo az jonibi sudi marhilai yakum, dar borai chorai jazo masalahoro peshaki hal namoyad.
  2. Tainot dar khonai mashvarati barovarda shuda, ba on hamai hayati sud imzo meguzorand va pas az bargashtani hayati sud az khonai mashvarati favran elon karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 384. Haddi huquqhoi sudi marhilai kassatsioni

 

Sudi marhilai kassatsioni huquq dorad dar holati zaruri oid ba parvanda ekspertizai sudi tain namuda, barrasii parvandaro bozdorad, mavodi ilovagii peshnihodshudaro tahqiq kunad, namudi nizomro tain kunad, ba sharte ki on bo hukm tain nashuda boshad, inchunin ba qarori sud digar tagyirotro, ki vazi mahkumshudaro badtar namekunand, vorid namoyad.

 

Moddai 385. Ba ijro rasonidani tainoti sudi marhilai kassatsioni

 

  1. Tainoti sudi marhilai kassatsioni baroi ijro dar muhlati na dertar az haft shabonaruzi badi barovardani on yakjoya bo parvanda ba sude, ki hukmro barovardaast, firistoda meshavad.
  2. Tainote, ki muvofiqi on mahkumshuda boyad az habs ozod karda shavad dar in qism favran ijro karda meshavad, ba sharte ki mahkumshuda dar majlisi sudi marhilai kassatsioni ishtirok doshta boshad. Dar holathoi digar nuskhai qismi khulosavii tainot jihati ijroi qarori az habs ozod kardani mahkumshuda favran ba mamuriyati mahalli tahti habs nigohdori firistoda meshavad.

 

BOBI 40. BA IJRO RASONIDANI HUKM, TAINOT VA QAROR

 

Moddai 386. Etibori qonuni paydo kardani hukm va ijroi on

 

  1. Hukmi sudi marhilai yakum pas az guzashtani muhlati ovardani shikoyat yo etirozi kassatsioni, ba sharte ki az on shikoyat yo ba on etiroz ovarda nashuda boshad, etibori qonuni paydo mekunad va boyad ba ijro rasonida shavad. Dar surati shikoyat yo etiroz ovardan ba tariqi kassatsioni hukm, ba sharte ki bekor karda nashuda boshad, dar ruzi barovardani tainot etibori qonuni paydo mekunad.
  2. Hukm az jonibi sudi marhilai yakum dar muhlati na dertar az se shabonaruz az ruzi etibori qonuni paydo kardani on yo bargardonidani parvanda az sudi marhilai kassatsioni ba ijro rasonida meshavad.
  3. Agar hukmi aybdorkunanda dar muhlathoi muqarrarnamudai moddai 81 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston ijro nashuda boshad, shakhsi baroi jinoyat mahkumshuda az adoi jazo ozod karda meshavad.
  4. Agar hukm tanho nisbat ba yake az mahkumshudagon shikoyat yo etiroz ovarda shuda boshad, on to barrasii tamomi hukm dar sudi marhilai kassatsioni ba andozai purraash etibori qonuni paydo namekunad.

 

Moddai 387. Etibori qonuni paydo kardani tainoti (qarori) sud va ijroi on

 

  1. Tainoti (qarori) sudi marhilai yakum pas az guzashtani muhlati shikoyat yo etiroz, vale dar surati arzi shikoyati khususi yo etiroz kardan pas az barrasii parvanda az jonibi sudi boloi etibori qonuni paydo mekunad va ba ijro rasonida meshavad.
  2. Tainoti (qarori) sude, ki az on shikoyat yo ba on etiroz kardan mumkin nest, pas az barovardani on favran etibori qonuni paydo mekunad va ba ijro rasonida meshavad.
  3. Tainoti (qarori) sud dar borai qat kardani peshburdi parvanda hangomi halli masalai taini majlisi sud yo dar majlisi sud dar on qisme, ki ba ozod kardani aybdorshavanda yo sudshavanda az habs marbut ast, boyad favran ijro karda shavad.
  4. Tainoti sudi marhilai kassatsioni az lahzai eloni on etibori qonuni paydo mekunad va tanho bo tartibi peshbininamudai bobhoi 42 va 43 Kodeksi mazkur az nav dida baromada meshavad.
  5. Tainoti sudi marhilai kassatsioni, inchunin tainot yo qarori sudi marhilai nazorati bo tartibi peshbininamudai moddai 388 Kodeksi mazkur ijro karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 388. Tartibi ijroi hukm, tainot va qarori sud

 

  1. Hukm, tainot va qarori sud, ki etibori qonuni paydo kardaand, baroi hamai korkhonaho, tashkilotho va muassisaho, shakhsoni mansabdor va shahrvandon hatmi buda, dar tamomi hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston boyad ba ijro rasonida shavand.
  2. Ijroi hukm, tainot va qaror ba zimmai sude guzoshta meshavad, ki parvandaro dar marhilai yakum barrasi namudaast. Farmoishi ijroi hukm az tarafi sudya yakjoya bo nuskhai hukm ba on maqomote, ki tibqi qonunguzorii ijroi jazoi jinoyati ijroi hukm ba zimmaash guzoshta shudaast, irsol megardad. Dar surati bo tartibi kassatsioni barrasi namudani parvanda tagyir dodani hukmi sudi marhilai yakum ba nuskhai hukm nuskhai tainoti sudi marhilai kassatsioni zamima karda meshavad.
  3. Iqtibos az hukmi sud vobasta ba mahrum kardan az huquqi ishgoli mansabhoi muayyan yo mashgul shudan ba faoliyati muayyan, ki etibori qonuni paydo kardaast, ba maqomi anjomdihandai baqaydgirii davlatii shakhsoni huquqi va sohibkoroni infirodi irsol karda meshavad (QJT az 14.05.2016 s., №1306).
  4. 4. Maqomoti ijrokunandai hukm favran ba sude, ki hukmro barovardaast, az ijroi on khabar medihand. Mamuriyati muassisai islohi sudero, ki hukm barovardaast, boyad az mahalli adoi jazo az tarafi mahkumshuda ogoh sozad.
  5. 5. Ijro nakardani hukm, tainot va qarori etibori qonuni paydonamudai sud boisi javobgarii jinoyatii peshbininamudai moddai 363 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston megardad.

 

Moddai 389. Habar dodan ba kheshovandoni nazdiki mahkumshuda va davogari grajdani dar borai ijroi hukm

 

  1. Pas az etibori qonuni paydo kardani hukm, ki tibqi on mahkumshudai tahti habsi peshaki qarordoshta az ozodi mahrum karda shudaast, mamuriyati mahalli adoi jazo vazifador ast yake az kheshovandoni nazdiki mahkumshudaro ogoh sozad, ki u baroi adoi jazo ba kujo ravon karda meshavad.
  2. Baroi vokhuri bo mahkumshudae, ki tahti habsi peshaki qaror dorad, to ba ijro rasonidani hukm tibqi muqarraroti moddai 352 Kodeksi mazkur imkoniyat doda meshavad.
  3. Dar holati qone gardonidani davoi grajdani dar khususi ijroi hukm davogari grajdani ogoh karda meshavad.

 

BOBI 41. PESHBURD OID BA BARRASI VA HALLI MASALAHOI VOBASTA BA IJROI HUKM

 

Moddai 390. Mavquf guzoshtani ijroi hukm

 

  1. Ijroi hukm dar borai mahkum kardani shakhs ba mahdud kardani ozodi yo mahrum kardan az ozodi hangomi mavjud budani yake az asoshoi zerin mumkin ast mavquf guzoshta shavad:

– bemorii vaznini mahkumshuda, ki ba adoi jazo khalal merasonad – to shifo yoftani u;

– homila budani mahkumshuda yo farzandoni nobolig doshtani zani mahkumshuda, ba gayr az onhoe, ki baroi jinoyathoi makhsusan vaznin mahkum shudaand, – to ba hashtsolagi rasidani farzandi khurdi;

– hangome ki adoi favrii jazo baroi mahkumshuda yo azoi oilai u az sababi sukhtor yo digar ofathoi tabii, bemorii vaznin, margi yagona uzvi qobili mehnati oila yo digar holathoi istisno boisi oqibathoi vaznin gardida metavonad, – ba muhlati muayyannamudai sud, vale na beshtar az shash moh.

  1. Agar favran pardokhtani jarima baroi mahkumshuda gayriimkon boshad, pardokhti onro ba muhlati to shash moh daroz kardan yo ba davraho taqsim kardan mumkin ast.
  2. Masalai mavquf guzoshtani muhlati ijroi hukm az jonibi sud bo darkhosti mahkumshuda, namoyandai qonunii u, kheshovandoni nazdik, himoyatgar yo bo peshnihodi prokuror hal karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 391. Ozod kardan az adoi jazo vobasta ba bemorii vaznin

 

  1. Agar mahkumshuda dar davomi adoi jazo ba bemorii ruhi yo digar bemorii vaznin giriftor shuda boshad, ki ba adoi jazo khalal merasonad, sud bo peshnihodi sardori maqomote, ki ijroi jazoro anjom medihad, dar asosi khulosai komissiyai tibbi huquq dorad mahkumshudaro az adoi minbadai jazo ozod kunad.
  2. Sud huquq dorad, hamzamon bo ozod kardani mahkumshudai giriftori bemorii ruhi az adoi minbadai jazo nisbat ba u chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbiro tatbiq namoyad yo uro ba parastorii maqomoti tandurusti yo kheshovandoni nazdik suporad.
  3. Hangomi halli masalai az adoi minbadai jazo ozod kardani shakhsone, ki giriftori bemorii vaznin meboshand va on ba adoi jazo khalal merasonad, ba gayr az onhoe, ki ba bemorii ruhi giriftorand, sudya vazninii jinoyati sodirkardashuda, shakhsiyati mahkumshuda va digar holathoro ba etibor megirad.
  4. Sud, sudya barobari mahkumshudaro bo sababi bemori az adoi minbadai jazo ozod namudan huquq dorad, uro na tanho az jazoi asosi, balki az jazoi ilovagi niz ozod kunad.

 

Moddai 392. SHartan pesh az muhlat az adoi jazo ozod kardan

 

  1. SHartan pesh az muhlat az adoi jazo ozod kardan dar holathoi peshbininamudai moddai 76 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston az jonibi sudi mahalle, ki mahkumshuda jazoro ado mekunad, bo peshnihodi yakjoyai maqomoti ijroi jazo va komissiyai nazorati (komissiya oid ba huquqi kudak) tatbiq karda meshavad. Nisbat ba onhoe, ki jazoro dar qismi harbii intizomi ado mekunand, chunin choraho az jonibi sud bo peshnihodi farmondehii qismi intizomi tatbiq megardand.
  2. SHartan pesh az muhlat az adoi jazo ozod kardani shakhsone, ki to hajdahsolagi jinoyat sodir kardaand, dar holathoi peshbininamudai moddai 91 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, bo peshnihodi yakjoyai maqomoti ijroi jazo va komissiya oid ba huquqi kudak yo komissiyai nazorati tatbiq karda meshavad.
  3. Agar sud shartan pesh az muhlat az adoi jazo ozod kardanro rad namoyad, barrasii takrorii peshnihod oid ba hamin masala badi se mohi az ruzi barovardani qaror dar borai rad kardan imkonpazir ast.
  4. Sud barobari tatbiqi shartan pesh az muhlat az adoi jazo ozod kardan metavonad ba zimmai mahkumshuda uhdadorihoi zerinro guzorad:

– be ijozat tagyir nadodani mahalli istiqomat;

– naraftan ba joyhoi muayyan;

– guzashtani kursi muolijai mayzadagi, nashamandi, toksikomaniya va yo bemorihoi sil yo tanosuli; (QJTaz 23.11.15 s., №1229)

– rasonidani yorii moddi ba oila;

– ijroi uhdadorihoi digare, ki baroi islohi u musoidat mekunand.

  1. Nazorati raftori shakhse, ki az jazo shartan pesh az muhlat az adoi jazo ozod karda shudaast, ba zimmai maqomoti davlatii vakolatdor raftori khizmatchiyoni harbi ba zimmai farmondehii qismho va muassisahoi harbi guzoshta meshavad.
  2. Agar mahkumshuda dar davomi muhlati qismati adonakardai jazo tartiboti jamiyatiro vayron kunad, ki baroi on dar haqqi u jazoi mamuri andeshida shuda boshad yo az ijroi uhdadorie, ki sud hangomi tatbiqi shartan pesh az muhlat az adoi jazo ozod kardan ba zimmaash guzoshta bud, ashaddi sarkashi kunad, sud bo peshnihodi maqomoti dar qismi 5 hamin modda zikrgardida dar borai bekor kardani shartan pesh az muhlat az adoi jazo ozod kardan va tatbiqi qismi adonashudai jazo qaror qabul mekunad.

 

Moddai 393. Bekor kardani mahkumkunii sharti

 

  1. Agar to guzashtani muhlati sanjish shakhsi shartan mahkumshuda bo raftori khud isloh shudani khudro sobit karda boshad, sud bo peshnihodi maqomote, ki az boloi raftori shartan mahkumshuda nazorat mekunad, metavonad dar borai bekor kardani mahkumkunii sharti va bardoshtani dogi sudii mahkumshuda qaror qabul kunad.
  2. Sud dar holathoi peshbininamudai qismi 7 moddai 71 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, bo peshnihodi maqomoti dar qismi 1 hamin modda zikrgardida dar borai bekor kardani shartan mahkumkuni va baroi adoi jazoi mutobiqi hukm tainshuda firistodani mahkumshuda qaror qabul mekunad.

 

Moddai 394. Ivaz kardani muhlati adonakardai jazo bo jazoi nisbatan sabuktar

 

  1. Mutobiqi moddahoi 77 va 92 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba shakhse, ki jazoi mahrum kardan az ozodiro ado mekunad, sud mutobiqi raftori u dar davrai adoi jazo metavonad qismi adonakardai jazoro ba jazoi nisbatan sabuktar ivaz kunad.(QJT az 21.07.10s., № 618)
  2. Ivaz namudani qismi jazoe, ki ado karda nashudaast, ba jazoi nisbatan sabuktar badi az tarafi mahkumshuda voqean ado kardani muhlate, ki dar qismi 3 moddai 77 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini gardidaast, mumkin ast tatbiq shavad. Dar in surat mumkin ast mahkumshuda hamzamon az jazoi ilovagi niz purra yo qisman ozod karda shavad.

 

Moddai 395. Ivaz kardani korhoi islohi va jarima bo chorahoi  digari jazo

 

  1. Dar surati ashaddi sarkashi kardani mahkumshuda az korhoi islohi sud onro dar doirai muhlathoi peshbininamudai qismi 3 moddai 52 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba mahdud kardani ozodi yo mahrum kardan az ozodi ivaz mekunad. Dar ayni zamon vaqte, ki dar tuli on mahkumshuda kor kardaast, hangomi muayyan kardani muhlati mahdud kardani ozodi yo mahrum kardan az ozodi ba hisob girifta meshavad.
  2. Dar surati ashaddi sarkashi kardani mahkumshuda az pardokhti jarima sud onro dar doirai muhlathoi peshbininamudai qismi 5 moddai 49 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston bo korhoi islohi yo mahdud kardani ozodi yo bo tartibi peshbinimamudani qismi 9 moddai 49 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston bo mahrum sokhtan az ozodi ivaz karda metavonad. (QJT az 21.07.10s., № 618)

 

Moddai 396. Qat kardani chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi

 

Qat kardani chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi, ki bo adoi jazo hamroh karda shudaast, az jonibi sud bo peshnihodi maqomoti ijrokunandai jazo, ki ba khulosai komissiyai dukhturoni ravonpizishki yo bemorii sil asos yoftaast, anjom doda meshavad. (QJTaz 23.11.15 s., №1229; QJT az 23.07.2016 s., №1332)

 

Moddai 397. Az yak namudi muassisai islohi ba namudi digari muassisai islohi guzaronidani mahkumshuda

 

Dar holathoi peshbininamudai qismi 5 moddai 80 Kodeksi ijroi jazoi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston az yak namudi muassisai islohi ba namudi digari muassisai islohi guzaronidani mahkumshuda az jonibi sud tibqi arizai shakhsi mahkumshuda yo bo peshnihodi sardori muassisai islohi anjom doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 398. Bahisobgirii muhlati dar muassisai tabobati guzaronidashuda ba muhlati adoi jazo

 

Agar shakhse, ki jazoi mahrum kardan az ozodiro ado mekunad, dar muassisai tabobati joygir karda shuda boshad, muhlati dar on jo budani mahkumshuda ba muhlati adoi jazo ba hisob girifta meshavad.

 

Moddai 399. Ijroi hukm dar surati mavjud budani hukmhoi digari ijronashuda

 

  1. Agar dar haqqi mahkumshuda yakchand hukmi ijronashuda mavjud boshad va sude, ki hukmi okhirinro barovardaast in masalaro hal nakarda boshad sude, ki hukmi okhirinro barovardaast yo sudi hamnomi mahalli ijroi hukm vazifador ast, dar borai nisbati mahkumshuda tatbiq kardani jazohoro az rui hamai hukmhoi zikrshuda dar asosi moddai 68 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston tainot (qaror) qabul kunad.
  2. Agar muhlati umumii jazoho ziyoda az panj sol mahrum kardan az ozodiro tashkil dihad, masala az jonibi hayati dastajamonai sud barrasi karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 400. Sudhoe, ki masalahoi marbut ba ijroi hukmro hal mekunand

 

  1. Masalahoi mavquf guzoshtani ijroi hukm – mutobiqi moddai 390 Kodeksi mazkur, doir ba ozod namudan az adoi jazo bo sababi guzashtani muhlati hukmi aybdorkuni – mutobiqi moddai 81 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston va qismi 3 moddai 386 Kodeksi mazkur, dar borai ivaz kardani mahdud kardani ozodi va jarima bo chorahoi digari jazo – mutobiqi moddahoi 49, 54 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston va moddai 395 Kodeksi mazkur, hamchunin tamomi gumonho va noravshanihoe, ki hangomi ijroi hukm ba vujud meoyand, az jonibi sude, ki hukmro barovardaast, hal karda meshavand.
  2. Agar hukm berun az hududi faoliyati sude, ki hukmro barovardaast, ijro karda shavad, in masalaho az jonibi sudi hamnom va dar surati dar nohiyai ijroi hukm mavjud nabudani sudi hamnom az tarafi sudi boloi hal karda meshavand. Dar in holat nuskhai qarori ijroi hukm ba sude, ki hukmro barovardaast, firistoda meshavad.
  3. Masalahoi ozod namudan az adoi jazo bo sababi bemorii vaznin – mutobiqi moddahoi 79 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston va 391 Kodeksi mazkur, doir ba shartan pesh az muhlat az adoi jazo ozod namudan – mutobiqi moddahoi 76 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston va 392 Kodeksi mazkur, dar borai ivaz kardani qismi ado kardanashudai jazo bo jazoi nisbatan sabuktar – mutobiqi moddahoi 77 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston va 394 Kodeksi mazkur, oid ba qat namudani tatbiqi chorai majburii doroi khususiyati tibbii ba adoi jazo hamroh kardashuda – mutobiqi moddahoi 100 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston va 396 Kodeksi mazkur, dar borai guzaronidan az yak namudi muassisai islohi ba namudi digari muassisai islohi mutobiqi moddahoi dakhldori Kodeksi ijroi jazoi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston va moddai 397 Kodeksi mazkur az tarafi sudi nohiyavii mahalli adoi jazo, sarfi nazar az in ki hukm az jonibi kadom sud barovarda shudaast, hal karda meshavand.
  4. Masalahoi bekor kardani shartan tatbiq nakardani jazo – mutobiqi moddahoi 71 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston va 393 Kodeksi mazkur, doir ba shartan pesh az muhlat az adoi jazo ozod kardan – mutobiqi moddahoi 76 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston va 392 Kodeksi mazkur az jonibi sudi nohiyavii mahalli zisti mahkumshuda hal karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 401. Tartibi halli masalahoi marbut ba ijroi hukm

 

  1. Tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi bo ozod kardan az adoi jazo dar holathoe, ki dar qismi 2 moddai 391 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini shudaast, az tarafi sud ba tavri dastajamona anjom doda meshavad. Hamai masalahoi digari marbut ba ijroi hukmro sudya dar majlisi sud tanho hal mekunad.
  2. Dar borai vaqti barrasii masalai marbut ba ijroi hukm ba prokuror va mahkumshuda khabar doda meshavad. Masalai davati mahkumshudaro, ki dar habs nigoh doshta meshavad, sud, sudya hal mekunad. Agar masala bo ijroi hukm dar qismi davoi grajdani marbut boshad, davogari grajdani davat karda meshavad. Hozir nashudani shakhsoni zikrshuda ba barrasii parvanda mone namegardad.
  3. Hangomi az tarafi sud barrasi shudani masalahoi shartan, pesh az muhlat az adoi jazo ozod kardan, dar borai ivaz kardani qismi adokardanashudai jazo bo jazoi nisbatan sabuktar, doir ba guzaronidani mahkumshuda az yak namudi muassisai islohi ba namudi digari muassisai islohi namoyandai maqomoti ijroi jazo davat karda meshavad.
  4. Dar holathoe, ki parvanda az tarafi sud bo peshnihodi yakjoyai maqomoti ijroi jazo, komissiya oid ba huquqi kudak yo komissiyai nazorati yo in ki bo peshnihodi bo komissiyahoi mazkur muvofiqashudai maqomoti ijroi jazo barrasi karda meshavad, sudya ba in maqomot doir ba vaqt va mahalli barrasii peshnihod khabar medihad.
  5. Hangomi az tarafi sud barrasi shudani masalai bekor kardani shartan tatbiq nakardani jazo nisbat ba mahkumshuda ba majlisi sud namoyandagoni maqomote, ki ba raftori mahkumshuda nazorat menamoyad, davat karda meshavad.
  6. Barrasii parvanda bo maruzai sudya (yo raisikunanda hangomi barrasii dastjamona) ogoz shuda, sipas bayonoti shakhsoni ba majlis hozirshuda shunida meshavand.
  7. Az rui natijahoi barrasii masalai marbut ba ijroi hukm sud tainot va sudya qaror mebarorad, ki boyad dar tolori majlisi sud elon karda shavad. Nuskhai tainot (qaror) dar muhlati panj shabonaruz ba mahkumshuda, prokuror, maqomote, ki bo peshnihodi on masalai marbut ba ijroi hukm barrasi gardidaast, hamchunin ba davogari grajdani, ba sharte, ki masalai ijroi hukm ba davoi grajdani dakhl doshta boshad, ravon karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 402. Barrasii darkhost dar borai bardoshtani dogi sudi

 

  1. Masalai bardoshtani dogi sudi mutobiqi qismi 6 moddai 84 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston az jonibi sudi nohiyavi yo shahrii mahalli zisti shakhse, ki jazoro ado kardaast, bo darkhosti u hal karda meshavad.
  2. Dar sud hozir budani shakhse, ki nisbat ba u darkhosti bardoshtani dogi sudi barrasi karda meshavad, hatmist.
  3. Barrasii darkhosti bardoshtani dogi sudi bo maruzai sudya ogoz megardad, sipas u bayonoti shakhsoni davatshudaro meshunavad.
  4. Dar holati rad kardani bardoshtani dogi sudi ba sud na peshtar az yak soli badi ruzi barovarda shudani qarori rad kardani on darkhosti takrori peshnihod kardan mumkin ast.

 

FASLI V. AZ NAV DIDA BAROMADANI HUKM, TAINOT VA QARORE, KI ETIBORI QONUNI PAYDO KARDAAND (PESHBURDI NAZORATI)

BOBI 42. PESHBURD DAR SUDI MARHILAI NAZORATI

 

Moddai 403. Etiroz yo shikoyat ovardan ba tariqi nazorati az hukm, tainot, qarori sud, ki etibori qonuni paydo kardaand

 

  1. Etiroz yo shikoyat dar borai az sari nav dida baromadani hukm, tainot va qarori sude, ki etibori qonuni paydo kardaand, ba istisnoi qarorhoi rayosati Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, ba sudi marhilai nazorati az jonibi prokuror, mahkumshuda, safedkardashuda, himoyatgaron va namoyandagoni onho, jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani yo namoyandagoni qonunii onho, inchunin digar shakhsone, ki huququ manfiyathoi molumulkii onho bo hukm khalaldor shudaast tibqi muqarraroti hamin bob peshnihod karda meshavad. (QJT az 28.12.12s., №932)
  2. Prokurori generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston, muovinoni u, Sarprokurori harbi, prokurori Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, viloyatho, shahri Dushanbe, prokurori naqliyoti Tojikiston ba sanadhoi sud, ki etibori qonuni paydo kardaand, tibqi talaboti qismi 2 moddai 404 Kodeksi mazkur metavonand etiroz ovarand.
  3. Raisi Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston bo maqsadi tamini tajribai yagonai sudi huquq dorad bevosita ba sudi marhilai nazorati baroi az nav dida baromadani sanadhoi etibori qonuni paydokardai sud ba tariqi nazorati etiroz ovarad.
  4. SHakhsi etiroz yo shikoyatovarda huquq dorad, onro bozkhonad. Bozkhondi etiroz yo shikoyat to ogozi majlisi sude, ki dar on etiroz yo shikoyat boyad barrasi gardad, imkonpazir ast.

 

Moddai 404. Tartibi peshnihodi etiroz yo shikoyati nazorati

 

  1. Etiroz yo shikoyati nazorati bevosita ba sudi marhilai nazorati, ki huquqi az nav dida baromadani sanadhoi sudii etibori qonuni paydokardaro dorad, peshnihod karda meshavad.
  2. Etiroz yo shikoyati nazorati ba sanadhoi sudii zerin peshnihod megardad:

– oid ba tainoti sudi marhilai kassatsionii sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, sudhoi viloyat, sudi shahri Dushanbe, oid ba hukm, tainot va qarori etibori qonuni paydokardai sudhoi shahr va nohiya – mutanosiban ba rayosati sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, sudhoi viloyat, sudi shahri Dushanbe;

– oid ba hukm, tainot va yo qarori etibori qonuni paydokardai sudhoi shahru nohiyahoi tobei jumhuri, oid ba hukm, tainot va yo qarori etibori qonuni paydokardai sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, sudhoi viloyat va sudi shahri Dushanbe, ki ba sifati sudi marhilai yakum qabul kardaand, ba sharte, ki in hukm, tainot yo qaror dar Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston mavridi barrasii kassatsioni qaror nagirifta boshad, oid ba qarori rayosati sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, sudhoi viloyat va sudi shahri Dushanbe, oid ba hukm, tainot va yo qarori etibori qonuni paydokardai Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, ba sharte, ki onho ba tariqi kassatsioni mavridi barrasi qaror nagirifta boshand, ba kollegiyai sudi oid ba parvandahoi jinoyatii Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– oid ba hukm, tainot va qarori etibori qonuni paydokardai sudhoi harbii garnizonho–ba kollegiyai harbii Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– oid ba tainoti kollegiyai sudi oid ba parvandahoi jinoyatii Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, oid ba tainoti kollegiyai harbii Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston–ba Rayosati Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston.

 

Moddai 405. Muhlati ba tariqi nazorati az nav dida baromadani hukm, tainot va qarori sud

 

Ba tariqi nazorati az nav dida baromadani hukmi aybdorkunanda, tainot va qarori sud vobasta ba zarurati tatbiqi qonun dar borai jinoyati nisbatan vaznintar, sabukii jazo yo bo digar asosho, ki ba bad kardani vazi mahkumshuda meovarand, inchunin az nav dida baromadani hukmi safedkunanda yo tainot, qarori sud dar borai qat kardani peshburdi parvandai jinoyati dar davomi yak sol az ruzi etibori qonuni paydo kardani onho imkonpazir ast. (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)

 

Moddai 406. Muhtavoi etiroz yo shikoyati nazorati

 

  1. Etiroz yo shikoyati nazorati boyad malumoti zerinro dar bar girad:

– nomi sude, ki ba on shikoyat yo etirozi nazorati irsol megardad;

– nom, nomi padar va nasabi shakhse, ki shikoyat yo etirozi nazorati peshnihod kardaast, mahalli istiqomat yo mahalli budubosh va mavqei murofiavii u dar parvanda;

– zikri sudhoe, ki parvandaro ba sifati sudi marhilai yakum yo marhilai kassatsioni yo nazorati barrasi namudaand va muhtavoi sanadhoi sudii qabulnamudai onho;

– zikri sanadhoi sudi, ki tahti etiroz yo shikoyati nazorati qaror giriftaand;

– ishora ba vayron kardani qonun hangomi peshburdi parvanda;

– khohishi shakhse, ki etiroz yo shikoyat peshnihod kardaast.

  1. Agar etiroz yo shikoyati nazorati qablan ba marhilai nazorati peshnihod shuda boshad, dar on boyad ba qarori qabulnamudai sud ishora gardad.
  2. SHikoyati nazoratiro boyad shakhsi onro peshnihodnamuda yo namoyandai u imzo kunad. Ba shikoyati nazorati, ki namoyanda peshnihod kardaast, vakolatnoma yo hujjati digari tasdiqkunandai vakolati namoyanda zamima megardad. Etirozi nazorati boyad az jonibi prokurore, ki etiroz ovardaast, imzo karda shavad.
  3. Ba etiroz yo shikoyati nazorati nuskhai sanadhoi nisbat ba parvanda qabulnamudai sud va hujjathoi digari murofiavii tasdiqkunandai vajhhoi dar shikoyat yo etiroz ovardashuda, ki ba tavri dakhldor tasdiq karda shudaand, zamima megardad.
  4. Mavodi ilovagii peshnihodgardida naboyad bo rohi guzaronidani amalhoi taftishi ba dast ovarda shuda boshand.

 

Moddai 407. Be barrasi bargardonidani etiroz yo shikoyati  nazorati

 

Etiroz yo shikoyati nazorati az jonibi sudya dar muhlati yak moh az ruzi voridshavi ba sudi marhilai nazorati be barrasi dar holathoi zerin bargardonida meshavad:

– etiroz yo shikoyat javobgui talaboti peshbininamudai moddai 406 Kodeksi mazkur naboshad;

– etiroz yo shikoyatro shakhse peshnihod karda boshad, ki baroi murojiat ba sudi marhilai nazorati huquq nadorad;

– muhlati peshnihodi etiroz yo shikoyat nisbat ba sanadhoi sudi bo tartibi nazorati guzaronida shuda boshad;

– to qabuli etiroz yo shikoyat baroi mohiyatan barrasi namudani on dar khususi bargardonidan yo bozkhondi onho darkhost vorid shuda boshad;

– etiroz yo shikoyat bar khilofi tartibi muqarrarnamudai moddai 404 Kodeksi mazkur peshnihod shuda boshad.

 

Moddai 408. Amalho oid ba etiroz yo shikoyati nazoratii voridshuda

 

  1. Etiroz yo shikoyati nazorati badi ba sudi dakhldor vorid shudan az tarafi Rais yo muovini u baroi barrasi ba sudyai hamin sud suporida meshavad. Etiroz yo shikoyati nazorati boyad dar muhlati 30 shabonaruz barrasi karda shavad.
  2. Sudya, ki shikoyat yo etirozro meomuzad, parvandahoi jinoyatii dakhldorro az sudhoi poyoni talab menamoyad.
  3. Sudya etiroz yo shikoyati nazoratiro omukhta, yake az qarorhoi zerinro qabul menamoyad:

-dar borai beqanoat monondani etiroz yo shikoyati nazorati;

– dar borai ogoz namudani peshburdi nazorati va ba barrasii marhilai nazoratii sudi dodani etiroz yo shikoyati nazorati.

  1. Qarori sudya boyad malumothoi zerinro dar bar girad:

– sana va mahalli qabul kardani qaror;

– nomi sud, nasab, nom va nomi padari sudyae, ki qarorro qabul kardaast;

nasab, nom va nomi padari shakhse, ki shikoyat yo etirozi nazoratiro peshnihod namudaast;

– ishora ba sanadhoi sudi, ki mavridi shikoyat va etiroz qaror giriftaand;

– asoshoi qabuli qaror.

  1. Raisi Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston va muovinoni u, raisoni sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, sudhoi viloyat va sudi shahri Dushanbe huquq dorand bo qarori sudya dar borai beqanoat monondani etiroz yo shikoyati nazorati rozi nashavand. Dar in mavrid shakhsoni nomburda qarori sudyaro bekor karda, mutobiqi sarkhati duyumi qismi 3 hamin modda qaror mebarorand. Etirozi Raisi Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston bevosita dar sudi marhilai nazorati barrasi megardad.
  2. Qaror ba parvandai jinoyati hamroh karda, nuskhai on ba shakhsi etiroz va shikoyatovarda ravon karda meshavad. (QJT az 27.11.14s., №1134)

 

Moddai 409. Talab karda giriftani parvandai jinoyati

 

  1. Prokurori generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston, muovinoni u, prokurori Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, viloyatho, shahri Dushanbe, prokurori naqliyoti Tojikiston, Sarprokurori harbi metavonand parvandai jinoyatiro, ki sanadi sudii az rui on qabulshuda etibori qonuni paydo kardaast, bo maqsadi omuzishi asosnokii qarorhoi sudi az sudi dakhldor talab namoyand. (ЌЉT az 14.03.14 s., №1067)
  2. Prokurorhoi shahru nohiyaho va prokurorhoi ba onho barobarkardashuda az sudhoi shahr va nohiya, sudhoi harbii garnizonho huquqi talab karda giriftani parvandahoi jinoyatiro dorand va dar mavridhoi zaruri ba prokurori boloi dar khususi ba tavri nazorati ovardani etiroz peshnihod menamoyand.

 

Moddai 410. Hayat va tartibi barrasii parvandai jinoyati az rui etiroz yo shikoyat

 

  1. Parvanda ba tariqi nazorati dar kollegiyahoi Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar hayati se nafar sudya, dar rayosati sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, viloyatho, sudi shahri Dushanbe va Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar hayati na kamtar az se du hissai azoi rayosat barrasi karda meshavad.
  2. Dar barrasii parvandai jinoyati ba tariqi nazorati inho ishtirok mekunand:

– dar Rayosati Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston –Prokurori generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston yo muovinoni u;

– dar Kollegiyai sudi oid ba parvandahoi jinoyatii Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston – prokurore, ki Prokurori generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston vakolatdor namudaast;

dar Kollegiyai harbii Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston -Sarprokurori harbii Jumhurii Tojikiston yo prokurore, ki Sarprokurori harbii Jumhurii Tojikiston vakolatdor namudaast; (QJT az 2.08.11s., №755)

– dar rayosati sudhoi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, viloyati va sudi shahri Dushanbe – muvofiqan prokurori Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, viloyatho, shahri Dushanbe, prokurori naqliyoti Tojikiston yo muovinoni onho.

  1. Sude, ki parvandai jinoyatiro ba tariqi nazorati dida mebaroyad, huquq dorad yo agar zarur shumorad, mahkumshudaro ba majlisi sud davat namoyad.
  2. Parvandai jinoyati az lahzai ba barrasii sudi marhilai nazorati supurdan dar muhlati na dertar az yak moh boyad barrasi karda shavad.
  3. Dar mavridhoi zaruri ba majlisi sud, ki dar on parvandai jinoyati ba tariqi nazorati barrasi megardad‚ baroi dodani bayonot mahkumshuda, safedkardashuda, himoyatgaroni onho, namoyandagoni qonuni, jabrdida, davogari grajdani, namoyandagoni onho davat karda meshavand. Ba shakhsoni ba majlisi sud davatshuda imkoniyati bo etiroz shinos shudan doda meshavad.
  4. Parvandai jinoyatiro raisi sud yo bo suporishi u yake az azoi rayosat yo sudyae, ki pesh dar barrasii in parvanda ishtirok nakardaast, maruza mekunad. Maruzachi holathoi kor, mazmuni hukm, tainot, qaror, etiroz yo shikoyatro bayon mekunad. Ba maruzachi az jonibi sudyahoe, ki parvandaro barrasi menamoyand, inchunin prokuror savolho dodanashon mumkin ast. Agar dar majlisi sud mahkumshuda, safedshuda, himoyatgaroni onho, namoyandagoni qonuni, jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani, namoyandagoni onho ishtirok doshta boshand, onho badi maruzai sudya huquqi dodani bayonoti shifohiro dorand.
  5. Tarafho bad az baromadi maruzachi khulosai prokurorro oid ba etiroz yo shikoyati nazorati shunida, pas az on tolori majlisi sudro tark mekunand.
  6. Dar muhokimai etiroz yo shikoyat muvofiqan tanho azoi rayosathoi sudhoi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, viloyatho, sudi shahri Dushanbe, Rayosati Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston ishtirok menamoyand. Rayosathoi sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, sudhoi viloyat, sudi shahri Dushanbe va Rayosati Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror mebarorand, ki onho bo az se du hissai ovozhoi azoi rayosat, ki dar majlis ishtirok kardaand, qabul karda meshavand. Hangomi barobar budani ovozhoi tarafdor va muqobil etiroz yo shikoyat dar Rayosati sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, sudhoi viloyat, sudi shahri Dushanbe va Rayosati Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston barrasi shuda, radkardashuda etirof meshavad.
  7. Kollegiyai sudi oid ba parvandahoi jinoyati va Kollegiyai harbii Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar khonai mashvarati tainot mebarorad va on bo aksariyati ovozho qabul karda meshavad.
  8. Qismi khulosavii tainoti barovardashuda dar majlisi sud az jonibi raisikunanda yo yake az sudyaho elon karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 411. Tainot va qarori sude, ki etiroz yo shikoyatro dida mebaroyad

 

  1. Dar natijai ba tariqi nazorati barrasi kardani parvandai jinoyati sud metavonad:

– etiroz yo shikoyatro rad namoyad;

– hukm va hamai tainotu qarorhoi minbad barovardashudaro bekor kunad va peshburdi parvandaro qat namoyad yo onro ba taftishi nav yo in ki baroi barrasii navi sudi ravon kunad;

– tainoti kassatsioni, inchunin tainot va qarorhoi minbadai sudro, ba sharte ki onho barovarda shuda boshand, bekor kunad va parvandaro baroi az nav ba tariqi kassatsioni barrasi kardan ravon kunad;

– tainot va qarorhoero, ki ba tariqi nazorati barovarda shudaand, bekor kunad va hukmi sud va tainoti kassatsioniro betagyir mononad yo ki tagyir dihad;

– ba hukm, tainot yo qarori sud tagyirot dokhil kunad.

  1. Sude, ki parvandaro ba tariqi nazorati barrasi mekunad, hangomi mavjud budani asoshoi dar moddai 35 Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda tainoti (qarori) khususi mebarorad.

 

Moddai 412. Asoshoi bekor kardan yo tagyir dodani hukm, tainot va qarori etibori qonuni paydokardai sud

 

  1. Dar vaqti barrasii parvanda ba tariqi nazorati holathoe, ki dar moddai 372 Kodeksi mazkur nishon doda shudaand, baroi bekor kardan yo tagyir dodani hukm asos shuda metavonand.
  2. Tainoti sudi marhilai yakum, qarori sudya, tainoti sudi marhilai kassatsioni, tainot va qarori marhilai nazorati dar mavridhoe boyad bekor karda shavand, ki sudi etirozro barrasikunanda etirof namoyad, ki bo in tainot yo qaror sudi marhilai yakum qarori gayriqonuni yo beasos barovardaast yo ki sudi boloi tainot, qaror yo hukmero, ki pesh az in oid ba hamin parvanda mavjud bud, beasos betagyir monondaast, bekor kardaast yo tagyir dodast yo ki agar dar vaqti dida baromadani parvanda dar sudi boloi chunin vayronkunihoi qonun ruy doda boshand, ki onho ba durustii tainot yo qarori barovardai sudi mazkur tasir kardaand yo tasir karda metavonistand.

 

Moddai 413. Haddi huquqhoi sudi marhilai nazorati

 

  1. Sud dar vaqti ba tariqi nazorati barrasi kardani parvanda ba vajhhoi etiroz yo shikoyat vobasta nest va vazifador ast, ki hamai mavodi parvandaro dar hajmi purraash sanjida baroyad. Agar muvofiqi parvanda yakchand kas mahkum shuda boshadu ammo etiroz yo shikoyat faqat dar haqqi yak nafar yo ki baze mahkumshudagon bayon karda shuda boshad, sud uhdador ast, ki parvandaro dar haqqi hamai mahkumshudagon sanjida baroyad.
  2. Sud dar vaqti ba tariqi nazorati barrasi kardani parvanda metavonad jazoero, ki dar haqqi mahkumshuda tain karda shudaast, sabuktar namoyad yo khud qonun oid ba jinoyati sabuktarro tatbiq namoyad, nizomi adoi jazoro tagyir dihad, ba hisob giriftani sarshavii voqeii muhlati adoi jazo va masalahoi digari vobasta ba tagyir dodani hukmro hal namoyad, ammo huquq nadorad, ki jazoro purzur kunad yo qonun oid ba jinoyati vaznintarro tatbiq namoyad.
  3. Agar sudi marhilai nazorati etirof namoyad, ki dar sudi marhilai yakum sudshavanda nodurust safed karda shudaast yo dar sudi marhilai kassatsioni parvandai jinoyati nodurust qat karda shudaast, hamchunin jazoe, ki dar haqqi mahkumshuda tain karda shudaast, ba sababi sabukiash ba kirdori sodirshuda nomuvofiq ast, dar on surat huquq dorad, bo rioyai sharthoe, ki dar moddai 378 Kodeksi mazkur muqarrar kardashuda hukm yo tainotro bekor kunad va parvandai jinoyatiro baroi barrasii nav muvofiqan ba sudi marhilai yakum yo ki ba marhilai kassatsioni ravon kunad.
  4. Agar beasos qat kardani parvandai jinoyati yo gayriqonuni sabuk namudani jazoi mahkumshuda dar vaqti ba tariqi nazorati barrasi kardani parvanda ruy doda boshad, marhilai boloii nazorati huquq dorad, ki tainot yo ki qarori marhilai poyonii nazoratiro bekor kunad va hukmi sudi marhilai yakum yo tainoti marhilai kassatsioniro betagyir mononad.
  5. Dar mavridhoe, ki az rui parvanda yakchand nafar sudshavanda mahkum yo safed karda shuda boshand, sud huquq nadorad hukm, tainot yo qarorro dar haqqi on shakhsoni mahkumshuda yo safedkardashuda, ki nisbat ba onho etiroz bayon karda nashudaast, bekor kunad, ba sharte ki bekor kardani hukm, tainot yo qaror vaziyati onhoro bad mekarda boshad.

 

Moddai 414. Hatmi budani dasturhoi sude, ki ba tariqi nazorati parvandaro barrasi kardaast

 

  1. Dasturhoi sudi marhilai nazorati dar vaqti barrasii takrorii hamin parvanda baroi sudhoi poyoni hatmi meboshand.
  2. Sude, ki parvandaro ba tariqi nazorati barrasi menamoyad, huquq nadorad holathoero, ki dar hukm muayyan karda nashudaand yo ki rad karda shuda budand, muqarrar kunad yo in ki isbotshuda shumorad, hamchunin huquq nadorad, ki masalahoi isbotshuda yo isbotnashuda budani aybdori, etibornoki yo beetiborii in yo on dalel va bartarii baze dalelhoro nazar ba digarashon, tatbiq namudani in yo on qonuni jinoyatiro az tarafi sudi marhilai yakum va masalai chorai jazoro peshaki hal namoyad.
  3. Inchunin sud vaqte ki parvandaro ba tariqi nazorati barrasi karda, tainoti kassatsioniro bekor mekunad, huquq nadorad khulosahoero, ki marhilai kassatsioni mumkin ast dar vaqti marotibai duyum barrasi kardani parvanda barorad, peshgui namoyad.

 

Moddai 415. Mazmuni tainot yo qaror

 

  1. Qarore, ki hangomi barrasii parvanda Rayosati Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, Rayosati sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, sudhoi viloyat, sudi shahri Dushanbe, yo khud tainote, ki kollegiyai sudi oid ba parvandahoi jinoyati yo in ki kollegiyai harbii Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba tariqi nazorati barovardaand, boyad ba talaboti moddai 383 Kodeksi mazkur muvofiq boshad.
  2. Tainotro hamai hayati sud, qarorro– raisikunandai majlisi Rayosat imzo mekunand.
  3. Tainot yo qarori sud yakjoya bo etiroz yo shikoyat ba parvanda hamroh karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 416. Barrasii parvanda bad az bekor karda shudani hukmi avval yo tainoti sudi marhilai kassatsioni

 

  1. Bad az bekor karda shudani hukmi avval yo tainoti sudi marhilai kassatsioni parvandai jinoyati az rui tartibi umumi barrasi meshavad.
  2. Vaznin kardani jazo yo khud tatbiq kardani qonun oid ba jinoyati vaznintar dar vaqti parvandaro az nav barrasi kardani sudi marhilai yakum faqat ba sharte mumkin ast, ki hukm ba tariqi nazorati baroi sabuk budani jazo yo khud binobar zarur budani tatbiq kardani qonun oid ba jinoyati vaznintar bekor karda shuda boshad.

 

BOBI 43. AZ NAV SAR KARDANI PESHBURDI PARVANDAI JINOYATI BINOBAR HOLATHOI NAV OSHKORSHUDA

 

Moddai 417. Asoshoi az nav sar kardani peshburdi parvandai jinoyati

 

  1. Hukm, tainoti sud va qarori sudya, ki etibori qonuni paydo kardaand, metavonand bekor karda shavand va peshburd az rui parvanda binobar holathoi nav oshkorshuda az nav sar karda shavad.
  2. Asoshoi az nav sar kardani peshburd az rui parvandai jinoyati bo sababi holathoi nav oshkorshuda iboratand az:

– didayu donista nishondodi bardurug dodani jabrdida yo shohid, khulosai korshinos, hamchunin qalbaki budani dalelhoi shayi, protokolhoi amalhoi taftishi va sud va digar hujjatho yo didayu donista bardurug tarjuma kardan, ki boisi qabuli hukm, tainot yo qarori gayriqonuni yo beasos shudaand va bo hukmi etibori qonuni paydokardai sud muqarrar shudaand;

– amoli jinoyatkoronai tahqiqbaranda, mufattish yo prokuror, ki boisi qabuli hukm, tainot yo qarori gayriqonuni va beasos shudaand va bo hukmi etibori qonuni paydokardai sud muqarrar shudaand;

– amoli jinoyatkoronai sudyaho, ki hangomi barrasii parvandai mazkur sodir kardaand va bo hukmi etibori qonuni paydokardai sud muqarrar shudaand;

– az jonibi Sudi konstitutsioni khilofi Konstitutsiyai Jumhurii Tojikiston etirof namudani qonune, ki sud zimni barrasii parvandai jinoyatii mushakhkhas tatbiq namudaast;  (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)

– holathoi digare, ki ba sud hangomi barovardani hukm, tainot, ki khud ba khud yo yakjoya bo holathoi qablan muqarrarshuda dar borai begunohii mahkumshuda yo dar khususi az tarafi u sodir shudani jinoyati digari doroi darajai vaznin nisbat ba jinoyate, ki baroi on mahkum shudaast va yo oid ba gunahgor budani shakhsi safedshuda yo shakhse, ki nisbat ba u peshburdi parvanda qat karda shudaast, shahodat medihand va onho dar natijai sanjish va taftishi bo tartibi peshbinikardai moddai 419 Kodeksi mazkur muqarrar va dar khulosai prokuror bayon gardidaand.

  1. Holathoi dar sarkhathoi yakum – seyumi qismi 2 hamin modda zikrshuda metavonand ba gayr az hukm, tainoti sud bo qarori sudya, prokuror, mufattish yo tahqiqbaranda oid ba qati parvandai jinoyati bo sababi guzashtani muhlat, binobar tatbiqi sanadi avf yo bakhshishi jazo, bo sababi favti aybdorshavanda yo narasidan ba sinne, ki baroi ba sifati aybdorshavanda jalb kardan mumkin ast, muqarrar karda shavand.

 

Moddai 418. Muhlathoi az nav sar kardani peshburd

 

  1. Az nav dida baromadani hukmi aybdorkunanda binobar holathoi nav oshkorshuda ba nafi mahkumshuda bo hej guna muhlat mahdud karda nameshavad.
  2. Favti mahkumshuda baroi az nav sar kardani murofia binobar holathoi nav oshkorshuda bo maqsadi safedkunii u mone namegardad.
  3. Az nav dida baromadani hukmi safedkuni, tainot, qaror doir ba qati parvanda, hamchunin az nav dida baromadani hukmi aybdorkuni bo sababhoi sabukii jazo yo zarurati nisbat ba mahkumshuda tatbiq namudani qonun oid ba jinoyati nisbatan vaznintar tanho dar davomi muhlathoi ba javobgarii jinoyati kashidan, ki dar moddai 75 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar shudaand va na dertar az yak sol az ruzi oshkor shudani holathoi nav mumkin ast.
  4. Ruzi oshkor shudani holathoi nav hisob karda meshavad:

– ruzi etibori qonuni paydo kardani qarori Sudi konstitutsionii Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba khilofi Konstitutsiyai Jumhurii Tojikiston etirof namudani qonune, ki sud zimni barrasii parvandai jinoyatii mushakhkhas tatbiq namudaast;  (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)

– dar holathoi peshbininamudai sarkhathoi yakum-seyumi qismi 2 moddai 417 Kodeksi mazkur ruzi etibori qonuni paydo kardani hukm (tainot, qaror) nisbat ba shakhsone, ki dar dodani nishondodi bardurug, peshnihodi dalelhoi bardurug, tarjumai nodurust yo amoli jinoyatkoronae, ki hangomi tahqiq yo barrasii parvanda sodir shudaand, gunahgorand;

– dar holati peshbininamudai sarkhati chorumi qismi 2 moddai 417 Kodeksi mazkur ruzi az tarafi prokuror imzo shudani khulosai az nav sar kardani peshburd binobar holathoi nav oshkorshuda.

 

Moddai 419. Az nav sar kardani peshburd

 

  1. Huquqi az nav sar kardani peshburd binobar oshkor shudani holathoi nav ba prokuror taalluq dorad, ba istisnoi holati dar qismi 5 moddai mazkur peshbinishuda.
  2. Arizahoi shahrvandon, khabarhoi shakhsoni mansabdori muassisaho va tashkilotu korkhonaho, hamchunin malumoti dar jarayoni tahqiq va barrasii digar parvandahoi jinoyati oshkorshuda sababhoi az nav sar kardani peshburd binobar oshkor shudani holathoi nav megardand.
  3. Agar dar ariza yo khabari voridgardida ba mavjud budani hukmi sud, ki on vobasta ba holathoi dar sarkhathoi yakum-seyumi qismi 2 moddai 417 Kodeksi mazkur zikryofta barovarda shudaast, ishorae boshad‚ prokuror bo qarori khud peshburdro binobar holathoi nav oshkorshuda az nav sar mekunad, sanjishi dakhldor guzaronida, nuskhai hukm va malumotnomai sudro oid ba etibori qonuni paydo kardani on talab karda megirad.
  4. Agar dar ariza yo khabar holathoi digari dar sarkhati chorumi qismi 2 moddai 417 Kodeksi mazkur zikr shuda boshand, prokuror dar haddi salohiyati khud dar borai az nav sar kardani peshburd binobar holathoi nav oshkorshuda qaror mebarorad va in holathoro tahqiq mekunad yo dar in bobat ba mufattish suporish medihad. Hangomi chunin tahqiqi holathoi nav oshkorshuda bo rioyai qoidahoi Kodeksi mazkur metavonand pursishho, muoinaho, ekspertizaho, yofta giriftani ashyo va digar amalhoi taftishi anjom doda shavand.
  5. Az nav dida baromadani hukm, tainot yo qarori sud binobar holathoi oshkor gardidai sarkhati chorumi qismi 1 moddai 421 Kodeksi mazkur bo peshnihodi Raisi Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston az jonibi Rayosati Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar muhlati na dertar az yak moh az lahzai vorid shudani peshnihod barrasi megardad.

 

Moddai 420. Amali prokuror badi anjomi tahqiq yo taftish

 

  1. Badi anjom yoftani tahqiq yo taftishi holathoi nav oshkorshuda, dar surati mavjud budani asosho baroi az nav sar kardani peshburd az rui parvanda, prokuror parvandaro bo khulosai khud, nuskhai hukm dar holathoi peshbininamudai sarkhathoi yakum-seyumi qismi 2 moddai 417 Kodeksi mazkur va mavodi tahqiq ba sudi dakhldor mefiristad va zimnan qismi 1 moddai 417 Kodeksi mazkurro ba asos megirad.
  2. Dar surati mavjud nabudani asosho baroi az nav sar kardani peshburd az rui parvanda prokuror bo qarori dalelnoki khud peshburdi az jonibi u binobar holathoi nav oshkorshuda ogozgardidaro qat megardonad.
  3. Qaror dar borai qat gardidani peshburd ba malumoti shakhsoni manfiatdor rasonida, fahmonda meshavad, ki onho huquq dorand nisbat ba qaror ba sud shikoyat kunand va sud mutobiqi moddai 413 Kodeksi mazkur salohiyat dorad masalai az nav sar kardani peshburdro az rui parvandai mazkur binobar holathoi nav oshkorshuda hal namoyad.

 

Moddai 421. Az jonibi sud hal namudani masalai az nav sar kardani peshburd az rui parvanda

 

  1. Peshnihodi Raisi Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston yo khulosai prokuror doir ba zarurati az nav sar kardani peshburd az rui parvanda binobar holathoi nav oshkorshuda bo tartibi zayl barrasi megardad:

– dar borai hukm, tainot va qarori sudi nohiya (shahr) az jonibi rayosati sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, sudhoi viloyat va shahri Dushanbe;

– dar borai hukm, tainot va qarori sudi Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon, sudhoi viloyat, sudi shahri Dushanbe, sudhoi shahru nohiyahoi tobei jumhuri az jonibi Kollegiyai sudi oid ba parvandahoi jinoyatii Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston; (ЌЉT az 14.03.14 s., №1067)

– dar borai hukm, tainot va qarori sudhoi harbii garnizonho az jonibi Kollegiyai harbii Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston;

– dar borai hukm, tainoti dar marhilai avval barovardashuda va qarorhoi Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston az jonibi Rayosati Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston.

  1. Barrasii qablii parvandai jinoyati ba tariqi kassatsioni yo nazorati ba barrasii on dar hamon marhilai sudi jihati az nav sar kardani peshburd binobar holathoi nav oshkorshuda mone namegardad.
  2. Peshnihodi Raisi Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston yo khulosai prokuror dar borai az nav sar kardani peshburd az rui parvanda binobar holathoi nav oshkorshuda dar majlisi sud muvofiqi qoidahoi muqarrarnamudai moddai 410 Kodeksi mazkur barrasi karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 422. Tainoti (qarori) sude, ki peshnihodi Raisi Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston yo khulosai  prokurorro barrasi mekunad

 

Sud peshnihodi Raisi Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston yo khulosai prokurorro dar borai az nav sar kardani peshburd az rui parvanda binobar holathoi nav oshkorshuda barrasi karda, yake az tainoti zerinro mebarorad:

– doir ba bekor kardani hukm, tainoti sud yo qarori sudya va ravon kardani parvanda baroi guzaronidani tahqiq va taftishi ilovagi  yo murofiai navi sudi;

– dar borai bekor kardani hukm, tainot yo qarori sud va oid ba qati parvanda, vaqte ki tahqiq va taftishi ilovagi yo murofiai navi sudi baroi qabuli qarori nihoi az rui parvanda talab karda nameshavad;

– dar  khususi rad kardani peshnihodi Raisi Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston yo khulosai prokuror.

 

Moddai 423. Peshburdi  parvanda  badi bekor kardani qarorhoi sud

 

Peshburdi taftish va murofiai sudi az rui parvanda badi bekor kardani qarorhoi sud oid ba on binobar holathoi nav oshkorshuda, hamchunin shikoyat kardan az qarorhoi nav barovardai sud yo etiroz namudan ba onho bo tartibi umumi anjom doda meshavad.

 

FASLI VI. HUSUSIYATHOI PESHBURDI PARVANDAHOI JINOYATII KATEGORIYAHOI ALOHIDA

BOBI 44.  TARTIBI PESHBURDI PARVANDAHO OID BA JINOYATHOI NOBOLIGON

 

Moddai 424.  Tartibi peshburdi parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi noboligon

 

  1. Muqarraroti hamin bob dar borai parvanda marbut ba shakhse, ki dar lahzai sodir namudani jinoyat ba hajdahsolagi narasidaast, tatbiq megardad.
  2. Tartibi peshburdi parvandaho oid ba jinoyathoi sodirkardai noboligon bo qoidahoi umumii Kodeksi mazkur, inchunin bo nazardoshti moddahoi hamin bob muayyan karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 425. Holathoe, ki boyad muqarrar karda shavand

 

Hangomi guzaronidani taftishi peshaki va murofiai sudi az rui parvandahoi jinoyati nisbat ba noboligon dar barobari isboti holathoi dar moddai 85 Kodeksi mazkur zikrshuda muayyan kardan zarur ast:

– sinnu soli nobolig (sana, moh, soli tavallud);

– sharoiti zindagi talimu va tarbiya, darajai inkishofi aqli, iroda va ruhi, khislat va mijoz, talabot va zavqu ragbat va digar holathoe, ki dar moddai 25 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini gardidaand; (QJT az 2.08.11c., №755)

– tasiri shakhsoni kalonsol va noboligoni digar.

 

Moddai 426. Ba peshburdi alohida judo kardani parvandai jinoyati nisbat ba nobolig

 

Parvanda nisbat ba nobolige, ki dar sodir namudani jinoyat yakjoya bo kalonsolon ishtirok kardaast, dar marhilai taftishi peshaki ba taftishi alohida judo karda meshavad. Agar ba taftishi alohida judo kardani parvanda nisbati nobolig baroi tahqiqi hamajoniba va kholisonai holathoi parvanda moneai jiddi ba vujud ovarda tavonad, nisbat ba aybdorshavandai nobolige, ki az rui yak parvanda bo kalonsolon ba javobgari kashida shudaast, boyad qoidahoi hamin bob tatbiq karda shavand.

 

Moddai 427. Tatbiqi chorahoi peshgiri va dastgir namudan nisbat ba gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, sudshavandai nobolig

 

  1. Hangomi tatbiqi chorai peshgiri nisbat ba nobolig dar har yak holat boyad imkoniyati intikhobi chorai peshgirii dar moddai 108 Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda muhokima gardad.
  2. Dastgir namudani gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda, hamchunin ba habs giriftan ba sifati chorai peshgiri dar surati mavjud budani asoshoi dar moddahoi 92, 93, 101, 111 Kodeksi mazkur zikrshuda tanho dar holathoi istisno hangomi sodir namudani jinoyati vaznin va makhsusan vaznin tatbiq shuda metavonand.
  3. Muhlati dar habs nigoh doshtani aybdorshavandai nobolig hamchun chorai peshgiri dar davrai taftishi peshaki bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai moddai 112 Kodeksi mazkur metavonad ba muddati to shash moh daroz karda shavad.
  4. Dar borai dastgir namudan, ba habs giriftan yo daroz kardani muhlati dar habs nigoh doshtani aybdorshavandai nobolig ba namoyandagoni qonunii u khabar doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 428. Tartibi davati gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda va sudshavandai nobolig

 

Gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda yo sudshavandai nobolige, ki dar habs qaror nadorad, ba vositai padaru modari u yo namoyandagoni digari qonunii vay va agar nobolig dar muassisai makhsusi kudakon boshad‚ ba vositai mamuriyati in muassisa ba nazdi mufattish yo ba sud davat karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 429. Pursishi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavandai nobolig

 

Pursishi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavandai nobolig nametavonad dar yak ruz betanaffus ziyoda az du soat va dar majmu beshtar az chor soat davom yobad.

 

Moddai 430. Ishtiroki omuzgor va ravonshinos (psikholog)

 

  1. Hangomi pursishi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavandae, ki ba sinni shonzdah narasidaast, hamchunin ba in sin rasidaastu noqisulaql donista shudaast, ishtiroki omuzgor va ravonshinos hatmist. Omuzgor yo ravonshinos hangomi pursishi gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavandai kalontar az shonzdahsola bo salohdidi mufattish, prokuror va yo bo darkhosti himoyakunanda ishtirok mekunad.
  2. Omuzgor va ravonshinos huquq dorand bo ijozati mufattish ba gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavanda savolho dihand va badi ba okhir rasidani pursish bo protokoli pursish shinos shavand va doir ba durusti va purragii sabthoi on mulohizahoyashonro navishta dihand. In huquqro mufattish pesh az pursishi nobolig ba omuzgor yo ravonshinos mefahmonad. Dar in bobat dar protokoli pursish sabt karda meshavad.
  3. Ishtiroki omuzgor yo ravonshinos hangomi pursishi sudshavandai nobolig dar sud bo qoidahoi qismhoi 1 va 2 hamin modda muayyan karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 431. Ishtiroki namoyandai qonunii gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavandai nobolig dar taftishi peshaki

 

  1. Namoyandai qonuni baroi ishtirok dar parvanda bo qarori mufattish az lahzai pursishi avvalini gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavandai nobolig roh doda meshavad. Hangomi ijozat dodan baroi ishtirok dar parvanda ba namoyandai qonuni huquqi dar qismi 2 hamin modda fahmonda meshavad.
  2. Namoyandai qonuni huquq dorad:

– donad, ki nobolig bo kadom gunoh gumonbar yo aybdor karda meshavad;

– hangomi elon kardani ayb hozir boshad, dar vaqti pursishi nobolig, hamchunin bo ijozati mufattish dar amalhoi digari taftishi, ki bo ishtiroki gumonbarshuda, aybdorshavandai nobolig va himoyatgari u surat megirand, ishtirok namoyad;

– bo protokoli amalhoi taftishi, ki u ishtirok dosht, shinos shavad va doir ba durust va purragii sabthoi on mulohizahoyashro navishta dihad;

– darkhost va raddiya dihad;

– oid ba amalho va qarorhoi mufattish va prokuror shikoyat peshnihod namoyad;

– dalelho peshnihod kunad;

– badi anjomi taftish bo tamomi mavodi parvanda shinos shavad, az on hama guna malumotro ba andozai dilkhoh navisad.

  1. Badi anjomi taftish mufattish huquq dorad dar borai ba nobolig jihati shinosoi peshnihod nakardani mavode, ki metavonand ba u tasiri manfi rasonand, qaror barorad va bo in mavod namoyandai qonunii noboligro shinos namoyad.
  2. Agar asoshoe mavjud boshand, ki ishtiroki namoyandai qonuni ba manfiathoi nobolig zarar merasonad yo ba taftishi kholisonai parvanda mone meshavad, namoyandai qonuni az ishtirok dar peshburdi parvanda dur karda meshavad. Mufattish dar in bobat qarori asosnok qabul mekunad. Baroi ishtirok dar parvanda, mumkin ast ba namoyandai digari qonunii nobolig ijozat doda shavad.

 

Moddai 432. Qat kardani parvandai jinoyati bo istifodai chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tarbiyavi

 

  1. Agar dar jarayoni taftishi peshaki az rui parvanda oid ba jinoyati na chandon vaznin yo darajai miyona muqarrar gardad, ki nobolig in jinoyatro bori avval sodir namudaast va islohi u metavonad be ba javobgarii jinoyati kashidan imkon doshta boshad, prokuror, hamchunin mufattish bo rizoi prokuror huquq dorand, ki parvandaro dar haqqi nobolig bo tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tarbiyavii dar qismi 2 moddai 89 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbinishuda qat namoyand. In guna qaror tanho dar holate qabul shuda metavonad, ki ba on aybdorshavandai nobolig va namoyandai qonunii u rozi boshand. Nuskhai qaror dar borai qati parvanda nisbat ba nobolig bo tatbiqi chorahoi zikrshuda ba komissiya oid ba huquqi kudak firistoda meshavad.
  2. Dar holati az tarafi nobolig muntazam ijro nagardidani talabote, ki bo chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tarbiyavii nisbat ba u taingardida peshbini shudaand, prokuror bo peshnihodi komissiya oid ba huquqi kudak qarorro dar borai qati parvanda bekor mekunad va on badi ba okhir rasidani taftish muvofiqi qoidahoi umumi bo fikri aybdorkuni ba sud firistoda meshavad. CHunin qaror metavonad to guzashti yak sol az ruzi qabuli qaror dar borai qati parvanda barovarda shavad.

 

Moddai 433. Ishtiroki namoyandai qonunii sudshavandai nobolig dar muhokimai sudi

 

  1. Namoyandagoni qonunii sudshavandai nobolig boyad ba majlisi sud davat karda shavand. Onho huquq dorand dar tahqiqi dalelho dar taftishi sudi ishtirok namoyand, nishondod dihand, dalelho peshnihod kunand, darkhostho va raddiyaho bayon namoyand, doir ba amalho va qarorhoi sud shikoyat kunand, dar majlisi sude, ki parvandaro bo tartibi kassatsioni barrasi mekunad, ishtirok namoyand va shikoyathoi khudro sharh dihand. Huquqi mazkur boyad ba onho dar qismi tayyorii murofiai sudi fahmonda shavad. Namoyandagoni qonuni dar tolori majlisi sud dar davomi tamomi murofiai sud hozir meboshand. Bo rizoi namoyandagoni qonuni sud metavonad onhoro hamchun shohid pursish namoyad.
  2. Namoyandai qonuni metavonad bo tainoti (qarori) asosnoki sud, sudya agar asos mavjud boshad, ki amalhoi u ba manfiathoi sudshavandai nobolig zarar merasonand yo baroi barrasii kholisonai parvanda monea ba vujud meorand, az shirkat dar murofiai sud dur karda shavad. Dar in holat ba murofiai sud namoyandai digari qonunii sudshavandai nobolig roh doda meshavad.
  3. Hozir nashudani namoyandai qonunii sudshavandai nobolig‚ ba sharte ki sud ishtiroki uro hatmi nashumorad, boisi bozdoshtani barrasii parvanda namegardad.
  4. Agar namoyandai qonunii sudshavandai nobolig baroi ishtirok dar parvanda hamchun himoyatgar yo javobgari grajdani jalb shuda boshad, u doroi huquq va uhdadorihoi ishtirokchiyoni zikrshudai murofia megardad.

 

Moddai 434.  Az tolori majlisi sud berun kardani sudshavandai nobolig

 

  1. Bo darkhosti himoyatgar yo namoyandai qonuni yo peshnihodi prokuror, inchunin bo tashabbusi khud sud huquq dorad dar asosi aqidahoi tarafho bo tainoti khud dar muddati tahqiqi holathoe, ki ba sudshavandai nobolig tasiri manfi rasonidanashon mumkin ast, uro az tolori majlisi sud berun kunad.
  2. Badi bargashta ovardani nobolig raisikunanda dar hajm va andozai zaruri ba u mazmuni amalhoero, ki dar nabudani u doir gardidaast, khabar medihad va ba nobolig imkon medihad, ki ba shakhsoni dar nabudani u pursidashuda savolho dihad.

 

Moddai 435. Masalahoe, ki sud hangomi qabuli hukm nisbat ba sudshavandai nobolig hal menamoyad

 

  1. Hangomi barovardani hukm dar haqqi sudshavandai nobolig sud gayr az masalahoi dar moddai 335 Kodeksi mazkur zikrshuda vazifador ast masalai shartan az ozodi mahrum kardan, taini jazoe, ki ba mahrum kardan az ozodi vobasta nest, hamchunin az jazo ozod kardanro dar holathoi peshbininamudai moddai 90 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston muhokima namoyad.
  2. Dar holathoi shartan az ozodi mahrum kardan, taini chorai jazoe, ki bo mahrum kardan az ozodi vobasta nest, dar muassisai makhsusi tarbiyavi yo tabobatiyu tarbiyavi joygir kardan va yo tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tarbiyavi sud ba komissiya oid ba huquqi kudak dar in bobat khabar medihad va nazorati raftori mahkumshudaro ba zimmai on meguzorad.

 

Moddai 436. Bo tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tarbiyavi noboligro az javobgarii jinoyati ozod kardani sud

 

Agar hangomi barrasii parvanda oid ba jinoyati na chandon vaznin yo darajai miyona etirof gardad, ki noboligi jinoyati mazkurro sodirkarda metavonad be tatbiqi chorahoi jazoi jinoyati isloh shavad, sud huquq dorad parvandaro qat namuda, nisbat ba nobolig chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tarbiyavii dar qismi 2 moddai 89 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbinishudaro tatbiq namoyad. Nuskhai qaror ba komissiya oid ba huquqi kudak va prokuror firistoda meshavad.

 

Moddai 437. Noboligro az jazo ozod kardani sud bo ravon kardani u ba muassisai makhsusi tarbiyavi yo tabobatiyu tarbiyavi

 

1.Agar hangomi barrasii parvandai jinoyati muayyan karda shavad, ki islohi noboligi bori avval jinoyati na chandon vaznin yo darajai miyona sodirnamuda bo rohi tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tarbiyavi yo tabobatiyu tarbiyavi imkonpazir ast, sud huquq dorad hukmi aybdorkunanda barovarda, uro az adoi jazo ozod namoyad va ba yake az muassisahoi makhsusi tarbiyavi yo tabobatiyu tarbiyavi ravon kunad.

  1. Dar muassisai makhsusi tarbiyavi yo tabobatiyu tarbiyavi qaror doshtani nobolig metavonad to ba sinni balogat rasidan, ba sharte, ki bo sababi islohshavii nobolig ba tatbiqi minbadai chorahoi tasirrasonii mazkur zarurat boqi namonad, qat karda shavad. Daroz kardani muhlati dar muassisahoi makhsusi tarbiyavi yo tabobatiyu tarbiyavi qaror doshtani shakhs pas az rasidan ba sinni hajdah tanho to davrai khatmi tahsiloti umumi yo omodagii kasbi ijozat doda meshavad. Masalai qat namudan yo daroz kardani muhlati dar muassisai makhsusi tarbiyavi yo tabobatiyu tarbiyavi qaror doshtani shakhs bo peshnihodi komissiya oid ba huquqi kudak sudyai sude, ki hukmro barovardaast yo sudi mahalli zisti mahkumshudai nobolig dar muhlati dah shabonaruz az ruzi vorid gardidani peshnihod tanho barrasi va hal mekunad.
  2. Ba majlisi sud mahkumshudai nobolig, namoyandai qonunii u, himoyatgar, prokuror va namoyandai komissiya oid ba huquqi kudak davat karda meshavand. Hozir nashudani shakhsoni mazkur monei barrasii parvanda namegardad.
  3. Dar majlisi sud peshnihodi komissiya oid ba huquqi kudak tahqiq va aqidahoi shakhsoni ishtirokkunandai parvanda shunida meshavand.
  4. Az natijai barrasii parvanda sudya dar khonai mashvarati qaror qabul mekunad, ki on boyad dar majlisi sud elon karda shavad.
  5. Nuskhai qaror dar muhlati panj shabonaruz ba namoyandai qonunii mahkumshudai nobolig, komissiya oid ba huquqi kudak, prokuror va sude, ki hukm barovardaast, firistoda meshavad.
  6. Oid ba qaror shikoyat va etiroz kardan mumkin nest.

 

BOBI 45. PESHBURDI PARVANDAHO DOIR BA TATBIQI CHORAHOI MAJBURII DOROI HUSUSIYATI TIBBI

 

Moddai 438. Asosho baroi peshburdi parvandaho doir ba tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi

 

  1. Peshburdi parvandaho doir ba tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbii dar qismi 1 moddai 97 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbinishuda, nisbat ba shakhsone, ki dar holati nomukallafi kirdori khavfnoki jamiyati sodir namudaand yo badi sodir kardani jinoyat ba bemorii ruhi giriftor shudaand, ki tain yo ijroi jazoro gayriimkon megardonad, anjom doda meshavad.
  2. CHorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi tanho dar holate tain karda meshavand, ki bemorii ruhi baroi khudi shakhs yo shakhsoni digar khavf doshta boshad va yo khavfi az tarafi u rasonida shudani zarari jiddii digar mavjud boshad.
  3. Peshburdi parvandaho doir ba tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi mutobiqi qoidahoi umumii Kodeksi mazkur va bo darnazardoshti muqarraroti hamin bob ba amal barovarda meshavad.

 

Moddai 439. Holathoe, ki boyad isbot karda shavand

 

Hangomi peshburdi taftishi peshaki boyad holathoi zerin isbot karda shavand:

– vaqt, joy, tarz va digar holathoi kirdori sodirshuda;

– az tarafi shakhs sodir gardidani kirdore, ki bo qonuni jinoyati man shudaast;

– khususiyat va andozai zarare, ki dar natijai kirdori sodirshuda rasidaast;

– raftori shakhs to sodir kardani jinoyat va badi on;

– qablan giriftori bemorii ruhi budani shakhs, daraja va khususiyati bemorii ruhi dar lahzai sodir kardani jinoyat va peshburdi taftishi peshaki;

– khavfi bemorii ruhi baroi khudi shakhs yo digaron va yo khavfi az tarafi u rasonidani zarari digari jiddi.

 

Moddai 440. Dar muassisai makhsusgardonidashudai bemorihoi ruhi joygir kardan

 

  1. Hangomi muqarrar kardani voqeiyati bemorii ruhii shakhse, ki nisbat ba u dar habs nigoh doshtan hamchun chorai peshgiri tatbiq shudaast, dar asosi darkhosti prokuror bo ijozati sud ba muassisai makhsusgardonidashudae, ki baroi nigoh doshtani habsshudagon muvofiq gardonida shudaast, guzaronida meshavad.
  2. Dar muassisai bemorihoi ruhi joygir namudani shakhse, ki ba habs girifta nashudaast, az jonibi sud ijozat doda meshavad.

 

Moddai 441. Judo kardani parvandai jinoyati

 

Hangomi taftishi parvandai jinoyatii guruhi ashkhos muqarrar gardad, ki yake az onho dar holati nomukallafi jinoyat sodir kardaast yo badi sodir kardan ba bemorii ruhi giriftor shudaast, parvandai jinoyati nisbat ba u baroi taftishi alohida judo karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 442. Huquqi shakhse, ki nisbat ba u parvanda oid ba tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi pesh burda meshavad

 

SHakhse, ki nisbat ba u parvanda oid ba tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi pesh burda meshavad, agar muvofiqi khulosai ekspertizai sudiyu ravonpizishki khususiyat va vazninii bemorii u ba in mone nagardad, metavonad huquqhoi peshbininamudai moddai 47 Kodeksi mazkurro istifoda barad.

 

Moddai 443. Ishtiroki namoyandai qonuni

 

  1. Heshovandoni nazdiki shakhse, ki nisbat ba u parvanda doir ba tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi pesh burda meshavad, bo qarori mufattish yo prokuror va yo tainoti sud namoyandai qonunii shakhsi mazkur donista meshavad va baroi ishtirok dar parvanda jalb karda meshavad.
  2. Namoyandai qonuni huquq dorad:

– donad, ki shakhse, ki u namoyandagi mekunad, dar sodir kardani kadom kirdori bo qonuni jinoyati manshuda gunahgor donista meshavad;

– darkhost va raddiyaho bayon kunad;

dalelho peshnihod namoyad;

– bo ijozati mufattish dar amalhoi taftishi, ki bo darkhosti u yo himoyakunanda guzaronida meshavand, ishtirok kunad;

– bo protokolhoi amalhoi taftishi, ki dar onho ishtirok kardaast, shinos shavad va mulohizahoi khudro doir ba durust va purragii sabti onho khatti bayon namoyad;

– badi ba okhir rasidani taftishi peshaki bo tamomi mavodi parvanda shinos shavad, az on har guna malumotro ba har andoza navishta girad;

– nuskhai qarorro doir ba qati parvanda yo ba sud baroi tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi ravon kardani parvandaro girad;

– dar murofiai sud ishtirok namoyad;

– az amalhoi mufattish, prokuror va sud shikoyat kunad;

– az tainoti sud shikoyat peshnihod namoyad va nuskhai qarorhoi shikoyatshavandaro girad;

– shikoyatho va etirozhoi oid ba parvanda ovardashudaro donad va norozigii khudro doir ba onho peshnihod kunad;

– dar barrasii sudii shikoyatho va etirozho ishtirok namoyad.

  1. Dar borai ba namoyandai qonuni fahmondani huquqi u dar protokol qayd karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 444. Ishtiroki himoyatgar

 

  1. Ishtiroki himoyatgar dar peshburdi parvanda doir ba tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi az lahzai muqarrar shudani daleli nomukallafi yo bemorii ruhii shakhse, ki nisbat ba u taftish guzaronida meshavad, agar himoyatgar peshtar az rui asosho digar dar parvanda ishtirok nakarda boshad, hatmist.
  2. Himoyatgar az lahzai ba peshburdi parvanda shomil shudan ba muloqoti ru ba ru bo himoyashavanda huquq dorad, ba sharte ki vazi salomatii himoyashavanda ba in mone nagardad, hamchunin huquq dorad az hamai huquqhoi digare, ki dar moddai 53 Kodeksi mazkur peshbini shudaand, istifoda barad. (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)

 

Moddai 445. Anjom dodani taftishi peshaki

 

  1. Pas az anjom dodani taftishi peshaki mufattish yake az qarorhoi zerinro qabul mekunad:

– dar borai qati parvanda-dar holathoi peshbininamudai moddai 27 va sarkhati duyumi qismi 1 moddai 234 Kodeksi mazkur, hamchunin vaqte ki bemorihoi ruhi ba khudi shakhs yo shakhsoni digar khavfnok nestand yo imkoni rasonidani zarari digari jiddi nadorand;

– dar borai ravon kardani parvanda ba sud baroi tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi.

  1. Mufattish shakhsero, ki nisbat ba u taftishi peshaki guzaronida shudaast, ba sharte ki u binobar vazi ruhii khud dar amalhoi taftishi ishtirok karda tavonad, namoyandai qonuni va himoyatgari u, hamchunin jabrdidaro oid ba qati peshburdi parvanda yo ba sud firistodani parvanda khabardor mekunad. Mufattish huquqi ishtirokchiyoni zikrshudai murofiaro dar khususi shinos shudan bo mavodi parvanda mefahmonad va khabar medihad, ki dar kujo va kay onho in huquqro istifoda burda metavonand. Tartibi shinos shudan bo parvanda, arizaho va halli darkhost doir ba purra namudani taftish dar asosi moddahoi 240-243 Kodeksi mazkur muayyan karda meshavad.
  2. Qarori qati peshburdi parvanda muvofiqi moddai 235 Kodeksi mazkur barovarda meshavad.
  3. Dar qaror dar borai ba sud ravon kardani parvanda baroi tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi bayon karda meshavad:

– holathoi dar moddai 439 Kodeksi mazkur zikryofta va dalelhoi oid ba parvanda muqarrarshuda;

– asosho baroi tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi;

– vajhhoi himoyatgar va digar shakhson, ki asoshoi tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi mavridi bahs qaror dodaand, ba sharte ki izhor shuda boshand.

  1. Zamimaho ba qarori ba sud firistodani parvanda az rui qoidahoi moddai 245 Kodeksi mazkur tartib doda meshavand.
  2. Mufattish parvandaro bo qarori ba sud ravon kardan ba prokuror mesuporad, ki u parvandaro omukhta, yake az qarorhoi zerinro qabul mekunad:

– qarori mufattishro tasdiq karda, parvandaro ba sud ravon mekunad;

– parvandaro ba mufattish baroi guzaronidani taftishi ilovagi barmegardonad;

– parvandaro bo asoshoe, ki dar sarkhati yakumi qismi 1 hamin modda zikr shudaand, qat mekunad.

  1. Nuskhai qarori ba sud ravon kardani parvanda baroi tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi ba namoyandai qonuni suporida meshavad.

 

Moddai 446. Tain kardani majlisi sud

 

Badi ba sud vorid gardidani parvanda dar khususi tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi sudya barrasii onro dar majlisi sud muvofiqi qoidahoi peshbininamudai bobi 31 Kodeksi mazkur tain mekunad.

 

Moddai 447. Muhokimai sudi

 

  1. Barrasii parvanda doir ba tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi bo ishtiroki hatmii prokuror va himoyatgar anjom doda meshavad.
  2. Taftishi sudi az tarafi prokuror bo bayoni dalelhoi zarurati tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi nisbat ba shakhse, ki nomukallaf donista yo ba bemorii ruhi giriftor shudaast, ogoz meyobad. Taftishi dalelho va mubohisahoi tarafho az rui qoidahoi dar Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda surat megirad.

 

Moddai 448. Masalahoe, ki az tarafi sud hangomi qabuli qaror oid ba parvanda hal karda meshavand

 

  1. Dar jarayoni murofiai sud boyad masalahoi zerin taftish va hal karda shavand:

– oyo kirdori bo qonuni jinoyati peshbinishuda vujud dosht;

– oyo shakhse, ki dar khususi u parvanda barrasi meshavad,  kirdorro sodir kardaast;

– oyo shakhse, ki dar haqqi u parvanda barrasi meshavad, kirdorro dar holati nomukallafi sodir kardaast;

– oyo shakhsi mazkur badi sodir kardani jinoyat ba bemorii ruhi giriftor shudaast, ki tain yo ijroi jazoro nomumkin megardonad;

– oyo bemorii ruhii shakhs ba khudi u yo shakhsoni digar khavf dorad va yo  imkoni rasonidani zarari digari jiddi ba onho mavjud ast;

– oyo  tatbiqi chorai majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi zarur ast va mahz kadome az onho.

  1. Sud hamchunin masalahoero, ki dar sarkhathoi dahum, yozdahum va senzdahumi qismi 1 moddai 335 Kodeksi mazkur zikr shudaand, hal mekunad.

 

Moddai 449. Qarori sud

 

  1. Sud bo etirofi isbot shudani in ki jinoyat az tarafi shakhsi mazkur dar holati nomukallafi sodir shudaast yo in shakhs badi sodir namudani jinoyat ba bemorii ruhie giriftor shudaast, ki tain yo ijroi jazoro nomumkin gardonidaast, mutobiqi moddahoi 24 va 98 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston doir ba ozod  kardani in shakhs az javobgarii jinoyati yo az jazo va dar borai nisbat ba u tatbiq kardani chorai majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi va mahz kadom chora tainot mebarorad.
  2. Agar shakhsi dar qismi 1 hamin modda zikrshuda muvofiqi vazi ruhii khud khavfnok naboshad yo az tarafi u kirdori nachandon vaznin sodir shuda boshad, sud doir ba qati peshburdi parvanda va dar khususi tatbiq nakardani chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi qaror mebarorad.
  3. Agar sud etirof namoyad, ki ishtiroki shakhsi mazkur dar sodir kardani kirdor isbot nashudaast, hamchunin dar surati muqarrar namudani holathoi dar moddahoi 27 va 28 Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda, sud doir ba qati peshburdi parvanda az rui asosi az jonibi on muqarrargardida, sarfi nazar az vujud doshtani bemori yo khususiyati bemorii shakhs qaror mebarorad.
  4. Dar surati qati peshburdi parvanda bo asoshoe, ki dar qismhoi 2 va 3 hamin modda zikr shudaand, nuskhai qarori sud dar muhlati panj shabonaruz ba maqomoti tandurusti jihati halli masalai tabobat yo ba muassisai ravonpizishkii taminoti ijtimoi firistodani shakhsone, ki ba yorii ravonpizishki muhtojand, firistoda meshavad.
  5. Agar sobit shuda boshad, ki bemorii ruhii shakhse, ki nisbat ba u parvanda barrasi meshavad, muqarrar nashudaast yo bemorii shakhse, ki jinoyat sodir kardaast, tatbiqi chorahoi jazoro nisbat ba u bartaraf nakunad, sud bo qarori khud parvandaro baroi guzaronidani taftishi ilovagi barmegardonad.
  6. Dar qarori sud masalahoe, ki dar moddai 347 Kodeksi mazkur zikr shudaand, hal megardand.

 

Moddai 450. SHikoyat va etiroz ovardan ba tainoti sud

 

Ba tainoti sud himoyatgar, jabrdida va namoyandai u, namoyandai qonuni yo kheshovandi nazdiki shakhse, ki nisbat ba u parvanda barrasi gardid, shikoyat karda metavonand, hamchunin prokuror metavonad bo tartibi kassatsioni  muvofiqi qoidahoi dar bobi 38 Kodeksi mazkur bayonshuda etiroz ovarad.

 

Moddai 451. Tartibi daroz kardani muhlat, tagyir dodan va  qat namudani tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi

 

  1. Sud bo peshnihodi mamuriyati muassisae, ki yorii ravonpizishki merasonad va khulosai komissiyai ravonpizishki tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbiro qat menamoyad, tagyir medihad yo muhlati onro shash mohi digar daroz mekunad.
  2. Masalahoi qat namudan, tagyir dodan va yo daroz kardani muhlati tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi az tarafi sude, ki dar borai tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi qaror barovardaast yo az jonibi sudi mahalli tatbiqi in chora dastajamona barrasi karda meshavand.
  3. Sud dar borai tain kardani parvanda baroi dida baromadan dar majlisi sud ba namoyandai qonunii shakhse, ki nisbat ba u chorai majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi tatbiq shudaast, mamuriyati muassisai tibbi, himoyatgar va prokuror khabar medihad. Ishtiroki himoyakunanda va prokuror dar majlisi sud hatmi buda, hozir nashudani digar shakhson monei barrasii parvanda namegardad.
  4. Dar majlisi sud peshnihodi muassisai tibbi, fikri komissiyai ravonpizishki tahqiq karda, aqidai ishtirokchiyoni majlis shunida meshavad. Agar khulosai komissiyai ravonpizishki mavridi shubha qaror girad, sud bo darkhosti shakhsoni dar majlis ishtirokkunanda yo bo tashabbusi khud metavonad ekspertizai sudiyu ravonpizishki tain namoyad, hujjathoi ilovagiro talab karda girad, hamchunin shakhsero, ki nisbat ba u masalai qat namudan, tagyir dodan yo daroz kardani muhlati tatbiqi chorai majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi barrasi megardad, ba sharte, ki in kor az rui vazi ruhii u imkonpazir boshad, pursish namoyad.
  5. Sud chorai majburii doroi khususiyati tibbiro dar surati chunin vazi ruhii shakhs, ki ba tatbiqi chorai peshtar tainshuda zarurat boqi namonda boshad yo zarurati taini chorai digari doroi khususiyati tibbi ba miyon oyad qat megardonad yo tagyir medihad. Sud muhlati tabobati majburiro dar surati mavjud nabudani asosho baroi qat namudan yo tagyir dodani chorai majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi daroz mekunad.
  6. Dar borai qat namudan, tagyir dodan yo daroz kardan, hamchunin dar borai raddi qat namudan, tagyir dodan yo daroz kardani muhlati tatbiqi chorai majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi sud dar khonai mashvarati tainot mebarorad va onro dar majlisi sud elon mekunad.

 

Moddai 452. Az nav sar kardani parvanda dar haqqi shakhse, ki nisbat ba u chorai majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi tatbiq shudaast

 

  1. Agar shakhse, ki nisbat ba u binobar giriftor shudanash ba bemorii ruhi badi sodir kardani jinoyat chorai majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi tatbiq shudaast, az jonibi komissiyai ravonpizishki shifoyofta etirof gardad, sud dar asosi khulosai muassisai tibbi bo tartibi peshbininamudai moddai 400 Kodeksi mazkur oid ba qati tatbiqi chorai majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi tainot mebarorad va masalaro doir ba guzaronidani tahkiq yo taftishi peshaki, jalbi shakhsi mazkur hamchun aybdorshavanda va bo tartibi umumi ba sud dodani parvandaro hal mekunad.
  2. Vaqti dar muassisai tabobat guzaronida ba muhlati adoi jazo hisob karda meshavad.

 

BOBI 46. PESHBURDI SURATNOK

 

Moddai 453. Tartibi peshburdi suratnok

 

  1. Hangomi mavjud budani alomathoi jinoyathoi bo qismi 1 moddai 111, qismi 1 moddai 125, qismi 1 moddai 126, qismi 1 moddai 131, qismi 4 moddai 196, qismi 1 moddai 230, qismi 1 moddai 232, qismi 1 moddai 234, qismi 1 moddai 237, qismi 1 moddai 247, qismi 1 moddai 253, qismi 1 moddai 254, qismi 1 moddai 255, qismi 1 moddai 294, moddai 334, va moddai 339 Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbinishuda, dar holathoe ki voqeiyati jinoyat ayon astu shakhsi gumonbar baroi sodir kardani jinoyat malum va u dar sodir kardani jinoyat aloqamand budani khudro rad namekunad, maqomoti tahqiq darhol ba peshburdi suratnok shuru menamoyad. (QJT az 2.08.11c., №755)
  2. Tartibi peshburdi suratnok bo qoidahoi umumii Kodeksi mazkur, bo nazardoshti muqarraroti moddahoi hamin bob muayyan karda meshavand.
  3. Hangomi peshburdi suratnok maqomoti tahqiq to ogoz kardani parvandai jinoyati dar muddati haft shabonaruz az shakhsi jinoyat sodirkarda, shohidon va digar shakhson dar borai holathoi jinoyati sodirshuda bayonot megirad, malumotro dar borai mavjud budan yo nabudani dogi sudii shakhsi jinoyat sodirkarda, malumot doir ba shakhsiyat va digar malumothoro, ki baroi barrasii parvanda dar majlisi sud ahamiyat dorad, talab menamoyad.
  4. SHakhsi jinoyat sodirkarda baroi az rui davat hozir shudan ba maqomoti tahqiq va sud, khabar dodan az tagyiri joi istiqomat uhdador karda meshavad. Dar holati hozir nashudan ba maqomoti tahqiq yo ba majlisi sud shakhs majburan ovarda meshavad.

 

Moddai 454. Muhlati peshburdi suratnok

 

Peshburdi suratnok boyad na dertar az dah shabonaruz az ruzi ba maqomoti tahqiq vorid shudani ariza yo khabar dar borai jinoyat to ba prokuror firistodani parvanda tamom karda shavad.

 

Moddai 455. Anjom dodani peshburdi suratnok

 

  1. Maqomoti tahqiq mavodi jamovardaro baroi ogoz kardani parvandai jinoyati va ba sud ravon kardani on kifoya etirof karda, dar borai ogoz kardani parvandai jinoyati qaror qabul  karda,  onro

ba peshburdi khud qabul mekunad va shakhsi jinoyat sodirkardaro bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai moddahoi 221 –228 Kodeksi mazkur ba sifati aybdorshavanda jalb menamoyad, masalaro dar borai chorai peshgiri nisbat ba aybdorshavanda mutobiqi moddahoi 101-111 Kodeksi mazkur hal menamoyad, hamchunin dar borai etirof namudani shakhs ba sifati jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani qaror qabul mekunad.

  1. Maqomoti tahqiq amaliyoti dar qismi 1 hamin modda zikrshudaro ijro namuda, az rui asosho va bo tartibi peshbininamudai moddahoi 239-246 Kodeksi mazkur murofiai suratnokro ba anjom merasonad.

 

Moddai 456. Amali prokuror oid ba parvandai jinoyati

 

Hangomi az maqomi tahqiq vorid shudani parvandai jinoyati, ki bo tartibi peshburdi suratnok anjom doda shudaast, prokuror yo muovini u vazifadorand dar muddati na ziyoda az 24 soat parvandaro sanjida, bo asosho va bo tartibi dar moddahoi 247-250 Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda dar borai on qaror qabul namoyad.

 

Moddai 457. Peshburdi tahqiq

 

  1. Tahqiqi parvandahoi jinoyati dar borai jinoyathoi dar moddai 453 Kodeksi mazkur nombarkardashuda az jonibi maqomoti tahqiq az rui qoidahoi umumii Kodeksi mazkur dar holathoi zerin anjom doda meshavad:

– hangomi az jonibi sardori maqomoti tahqiq ogoz kardani parvandai jinoyati, ba sharte, ki dar davomi haft shabonaruz muayyan namudani holathoi muhimi sodir shudani jinoyat az imkon berun boshad;

– hangomi az jonibi prokuror baroi peshburdi tahqiq bargardonidani parvandai jinoyatie, ki bo tartibi peshburdi suratnok anjom doda shudaast;

– hangomi dar muddati se shabonaruz az imkon berun budani ijroi amalhoi murofiavii dar moddai 453 Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda.

  1. Dar holathoi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur tahqiq boyad na dertar az bist shabonaruz az ruzi ogozi parvandai jinoyati yo bargardonidani on anjom doda shavad.

 

Moddai 458. Peshburdi taftishi peshaki

 

  1. Doir ba jinoyathoi dar moddai 453 Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda, ba sharte, ki onho az jonibi noboligon sodir shuda boshand, hamchunin dar borai kirdori baroi jamiyat khavfnoki bo qonuni jinoyati peshbininamudai nomukallafon yo shakhsone, ki badi sodir kardani jinoyat ba kasalii ruhi duchor shudaand, taftishi peshaki anjom doda meshavad.
  2. Taftishi peshaki boyad na dertar az yak moh az ruzi ogoz kardani parvandai jinoyati anjom doda shavad.

 

Moddai 459. Salohiyati sudya doir ba parvandai jinoyatii ba sud voridshuda

 

  1. Doir ba parvandai jinoyatii az prokuror ba sud voridshuda sudya amaliyoti tayyoriro guzaronida, mutobiqi qoidahoi bobi 31 Kodeksi mazkur qaror qabul menamoyad.
  2. Doir ba parvandai jinoyati sudya boyad na dertar az panj shabonaruz az ruzi ba sud vorid shudani on qaror qabul kunad.

 

Moddai 460. Barrasii parvandai jinoyati dar majlisi sud

 

Barrasii parvandai jinoyati dar majlisi sud az jonibi sudya mutobiqi qoidahoi umumii muhokimai sudi anjom doda meshavad.

 

BOBI 47. PESHBURD OID BA RUYONIDANI ZARARE, KI DAR NATIJAI AMALI GAYRIQONUNII SUD VA MAQOMOTI ANJOMDIHANDAI PESHBURDI TOSUDI  DOIR BA PARVANDAI JINOYATI RASIDAAST

 

Moddai 461. Asosho va sharthoi ba vujud omadani huquq baroi ruyonidani tovoni zarar

 

  1. Tovoni zarare, ki ba shakhs dar natijai gayriqonuni dastgir kardan, dar habs va habsi khonagi nigoh doshtan, muvaqqatan az vazifa dur kardan, dar muassisai tibbi joygir kardan, mahkum kardan, tatbiq namudani chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi rasonida shudaast, az tarafi davlat sarfi nazar az gunohi tahqiqbaranda, maqomoti tahqiq, mufattish, prokuror va sud purra ruyonida meshavad.
  2. Huquqi ruyonidani tovoni zarar dar holathoi zerin ba vujud meoyad:

– dar surati ozod namudani dastgirshuda yo habsshuda bo sababi tasdiq nagardidani gumon dar sodir kardani jinoyat;

– qat namudani parvandai jinoyati bo asoshoi dar sarkhathoi yakum va duyumi qismi 1 moddai 27 va sarkhati duyumi qismi 1 moddai 234 Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda;

– barovardani hukmi safedkunanda;

– tagyir yoftani bandubasti kirdor dar asosi on moddai qonun, ki jinoyati nisbatan sabuktarro bo taini jazoi nisbatan sabuktar muvofiqi in modda yo az hukm khorij kardani qismi aybdorkuni va bo in sabab sabuk kardani jazoro peshbini menamoyad;

– bekor karda shudani qarori gayriqonunii sud doir ba tatbiqi chorahoi majburii doroi khususiyati tibbi.

  1. Dar holati favti shahrvand huquqi ruyonidani tovoni zarar bo tartibi muqarrarshuda ba vorisoni u va dar qismati giriftani nafaqa va kumakpulihoe, ki pardokhti onho bozdoshta shudaast, ba on azoi oilai u meguzarad, ki ba doirai shakhsoni dar holati favti sarparast bo nafaqai vobasta ba gum kardani sarparast taminshavanda mansuband.
  2. Tovoni zarar dar holate ruyonida nameshavad, ki shahrvand dar jarayoni tahqiq, taftishi peshaki va murofiai sudi bo rohi khudaybdorkuni baroi ba miyon omadani oqibathoi dar qismi 1 hamin modda zikrshuda musoidat karda boshad. Ammo khudaybdorkunie, ki dar natijai nisbat ba shahrvand tatbiq gardidani zurovari, tahdid va digar chorahoi gayriqonuni ba vujud omadaast, ba ruyonidani tovoni zarar mone namegardad. Zimnan daleli tatbiqi chorahoi gayriqonuni boyad az tarafi maqomoti taftishoti, prokuror yo sud muqarrar karda shavand.
  3. Qoidahoi hamin modda ba holathoe dakhl nadorand, ki chorahoi majburkunii murofiavii nisbat ba shakhs tatbiqshuda yo hukmi aybdorkunanda bekor karda yo bo sababi qabuli sanadi afv, guzashtani muhlati davo, narasidani sinnu sol yo qabuli qonune, ki javobgarii jinoyatiro az bayn mebarad yo jazoro sabuk megardonad, tagyir doda shuda boshand.

 

Moddai 462. Tovoni zarare, ki boyad ruyonida shavad

 

Dar surati mavjud budani asosho va sharthoi dar  qismhoi 1 va 2 moddai 464 Kodeksi mazkur zikrshuda, shakhs huquq dorad ba:

– ruyonidani tovoni zarari molumulki (maosh, nafaqa, kumakpuli va mablaghoi digare, ki az onho dar natijai amalhoi gayriqonuni, musodirai gayriqonunii molu mulk yo dar asosi hukmho yo qarorhoi sud ba foidai davlat dokhil kardani molu mulk mahrum gashtaast, jarimaho va kharojoti murofiavie, ki baroi ijroi hukmi gayriqonunii sud sitonida shudaand, mablage, ki baroi rasonidani kumaki huquqi pardokhta shudaand va kharojoti digar);

– barham dodani oqibathoi zarari manavi;

– barqaror namudani huquqhoi mehnati, nafaqavi, manzili va gayra.

 

Moddai 463. Etirofi huquq ba ruyonidani tovoni zarar

 

Sud, prokuror, mufattish, maqomoti tahqiq doir ba purra yo qisman safedkunii shakhs qaror qabul karda, boyad huquqi uro oid ba ruyonidani tovoni zarar etirof namoyand. Nuskhai hukmi safedkunanda yo tainoti (qarori) qat namudani parvandai jinoyati, bekor kardan yo tagyir dodani digar qarorhoi gayriqonuni ba shakhsi manfiatdor suporida yo tavassuti pochta firistoda meshavad. Hamzamon bo in ba u khabarnoma bo fahmondani tartibi ruyonidani tovoni zarari molumulki va barqaror namudani huquqi digari u firistoda meshavad.

 

Moddai 464. Muayyan kardani andozai zarari molumulki va tartibi ruyonidani tovoni on

 

  1. SHakhs huquq dorad, dar davomi shash moh az lahzai giriftani nuskhai hujjathoi dar moddai 463 Kodeksi mazkur zikrshuda bo khabarnomai tartibi ruyonidani tovoni zarar, ba maqomote, ki hukmi safedkunanda, oid ba qati parvanda, bekor kardan yo tagyir dodani qarorhoi digari gayriqonuni tainot (qaror) barovardaast, bo talabnoma ruyonidani zarari molumulki murojiat namoyad. Agar az tarafi sudi boloi parvanda qat karda yo hukm tagyir doda shuda boshad, arizai ruyonidani tovoni zarar ba sude, ki hukm barovardaast, ravon karda meshavad.
  2. Sudya, prokuror, mufattish, maqomoti tahqiq na dertar az yak mohi bad az ruzi vorid gardidani ariza andozai zararro muayyan mekunand va dar holathoi zaruri az maqomoti moliya va taminoti ijtimoi hisobu kitobro darkhost karda, dar borai anjom dodani pardokhtho doir ba ruyonidani tovoni zarar qaror mebarorand.
  3. Arizai ruyonidani tovoni zarari molumulki az tarafi sudya bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai moddai 401 Kodeksi mazkur hal karda meshavad.
  4. Nuskhai tasdiqgardidai qaror ba shakhs va dar holati favti u ba shakhsoni dar qismi 3 moddai 461 Kodeksi mazkur zikrshuda baroi peshnihod ba maqomote, ki vazifadorand pardokhtro anjom dihand, suporida yo firistoda meshavad.

 

Moddai 465. SHikoyat az qarorhoi anjom dodani pardokhtho

 

Az qarorhoi sudya, prokuror, mufattish, maqomoti tahqiq oid ba anjom dodani pardokhtho muvofiqi tartibe, ki dar Kodeksi mazkur muqarrar gardidaast, shikoyat kardan mumkin ast.

 

Moddai 466. Bartaraf kardani oqibati zarari manavi va zararhoi digar

 

  1. Davoi ruyonidan ba tariqi puli baroi zarari rasonidashuda bo tartibi murofiai sudii grajdani peshnihod karda meshavad.
  2. Agar malumoti dastgir namudan, ba habs giriftan, muvaqqatan az vazifa dur sokhtan, dar muassisai tibbi joygir kardan, mahkum namudan va amalhoi digari gayriqonunii nisbat ba shakhs tatbiqshuda dar matbuot chop karda, tavassuti radio, televizion va vositahoi digari akhbori omma intishor shuda boshad, bo talabi shakhsi mazkur va dar holati favti u bo talabi kheshovandoni u yo suporishi sud, prokuror, mufattish yo maqomoti tahqiq vositahoi dakhldori akhbori umum vazifadorand, ki dar muddati yak moh dar in bobat khabari zaruri intishor namoyand.
  3. Bo talabi shakhs va dar holati favti u bo talabi kheshovandoni u sudya, prokuror, mufattish, maqomoti tahqiq vazifadorand, ki dar muddati to chordah shabonaruz doir ba bekor kardani qarorhoi gayriqonunii maqomoti hifzi huquq ba joi kor, tahsil yo zisti u ba tariqi khatti khabar dihand.

 

Moddai 467. Barqaror kardani huquqhoi digar

 

  1. Agar ariza doir ba barqaror kardani huquqi mehnati, nafaqavi va manzili, anjom dodani pardokhtho, hamchunin dar borai bargardonidani molu mulk yo arzishi on qone gardonida nashavad yo shakhs bo qarori qabulshuda rozi naboshad, u huquq dorad, ki bo tartibi murofiai grajdani ba sud murojiat namoyad.
  2. Ba shakhsone, ki az rutbahoi harbi va unvonhoi digar, darajahoi takhassusi, hamchunin ordenu medalho mahrum karda shudaand, bo tartibi muqarrarshuda rutbayu unvonho, darajahoi takhassusi barqaror karda, ordenu medalhoi onho bargardonida meshavand.

 

Moddai 468. Muhlati peshnihodi ariza

 

  1. Ariza oid ba anjom dodani pardokhthoi puli ba ivazi tovoni zarari molumulki metavonad dar davomi se sol az lahzae, ki shakhsoni dar qismi 3 moddai 461 Kodeksi mazkur zikrshuda tainot yo qarorro doir ba anjom dodani chunin pardokhtho megirand, peshnihod karda shavand.
  2. Ariza dar khususi barqaror kardani huquqhoi digar metavonad az tarafi shakhs dar davomi yak sol az lahzai giriftani khabarnomae, ki tartibi barqaror namudani huquqro mefahmonad, peshnihod karda shavad.
  3. Dar surati bo sababhoi uzrnok guzashtani muhlathoi zikrshuda, in muhlatho bo arizai shakhsoni manfiatdor metavonand az tarafi mufattish, prokuror yo sud barqaror karda shavand.

 

Moddai 469. Ruyonidani tovoni zarar ba shakhsoni huquqi

 

Tovoni zarare, ki ba shakhsoni huquqi dar natijai amalhoi gayriqonunii sud, prokuror, mufattish, maqomoti tahqiq rasonida shudaast, az tarafi davlat purra va dar muhlathoi muqarrarnamudai hamin bob ruyonida meshavad.

 

FASLI VII.  MUQARRAROTI  ASOSII TARTIBI HAMKORII MUTAQOBILAI SUDHO, PROKURORHO, MUFATTISHON VA MAQOMOTI TAHQIQ BO MAQOMOT VA SHAHSONI MANSABDORI DAHLDORI DAVLATHOI HORIJI DOIR BA PARVANDAHOI JINOYATI

 

BOBI 48. HAMKORII MUTAQOBILAI SUDHO, PROKURORHO, MUFATTISHON VA MAQOMOTI TAHQIQ BO MAQOMOT VA SHAHSONI MANSABDORI DAHLDORI DAVLATHOI HORIJI DAR TARTIBI RASONIDANI KUMAKI HUQUQI OID BA PARVANDAHOI JINOYATI

 

Moddai 470. Ravon kardani suporish doir ba guzaronidani amaliyoti murofiavi

 

  1. Sud, prokuror, mufattish, maqomoti tahqiq hangomi zarurati guzaronidani pursish, muoina, yofta giriftan, koftukov, ekspertiza va amaliyoti digari alohidai murofiavii peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur dar hudud davlati khoriji guzaronidani onhoro ba maqomoti dakhldori davlati khorijie, ki bo on doir ba rasonidani kumaki mutaqobili huquqi shartnoma yo sozishnomai baynalmilali mavjud ast, suporish medihad. (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)
  2. Suporishi guzaronidani amali alohidai taftishi ba vositai Prokurori generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston va guzaronidani amali sud ba vositai Raisi Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston va yo mutobiqan tavassuti muovinoni onho firistoda meshavad, ki onho dar holathoi zaruri baroi musoidat ba Vazorati korhoi khorijii Jumhurii Tojikiston murojiat mekunand. (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)
  3. Hangomi ba rasmiyat darovardani suporish, ba sharte, ki dar shartnomai baynalmilali holati digar peshbini nashuda boshad, zaboni hamon davlate tatbiq megardad, ki suporish ba on ravon karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 471. Mazmuni suporishi guzaronidani amaliyoti murofiavi

 

Suporishi guzaronidani amalhoi alohidai taftishi va sudi boyad ba tariqi khatti tartib doda, az tarafi shakhsi mansabdore, ki suporishro mefiristad, imzo va bo muhri nishondori maqomot tasdiq karda shavad va malumoti zerinro doshta boshad:

– nomi maqomote, ki suporishro mefiristad;

– nom va surogai maqomote, ki suporish ba on firistoda meshavad;

– nomi parvanda va mushakhkhasoti suporish;

– malumot dar borai shakhsone, ki nisbat ba onho suporish doda meshavad, shahrvandii onho, shugl, joi zist yo mahalli budubosh va baroi shakhsoni huquqi – nom va mahalli joygirshavii onho;

– bayoni holathoe, ki boyad muayyan karda shavand, hamchunin nomguyi hujjatho, dalelhoi shayi va dalelhoi digari darkhostshavanda;

– malumot doir ba holathoi voqeii jinoyati sodirshuda va bandubasti on bo zamimai nuskhai matni moddai dakhldori Kodeksi jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, dar mavridi zarurat malumot dar borai andozai zarare, ki dar natijai amali sodirgardida rasonida shudaast.

 

Moddai 472. Davat va pursish kardani shohid, jabrdida, korshinos, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani, namoyandagoni onho, ki berun az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston meboshand

 

  1. Agar shohid, jabrdida, davogari grajdani, javobgari grajdani, namoyandagoni onho va korshinos shahrvandoni davlati khoriji boshand, metavonand bo rizoii onho az tarafi shakhsi mansabdore, ki parvandai jinoyatiro taftish mekunad, baroi guzaronidani amalhoi taftishi yo sudi ba hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston davat karda shavand. (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)
  2. Darkhost dar borai davati shakhs bo tartibi dar Kodeksi mazkur peshbinishuda firistoda meshavad.
  3. Amalhoi taftishi va sudi bo ishtiroki shohid, jabrdida, digar ishtirokchiyoni murofia, ki dar qismi 1 hamin modda zikr shudaand, az rui qoidahoi Kodeksi mazkur guzaronida meshavad.
  4. SHakhsoni dar qismi 1 hamin modda nishondodashuda, ki ba davat hozir shudaand nametavonand dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgarii jinoyati kashida shavand, ba habs girifta shavand yo huquqhoi shakhsii digari onho mahdud karda shavand, ba sharte, ki hukmi sud to ba hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston vorid shudani in shakhson barovarda shuda boshad. Masuniyat ba sharte qat meyobad, ki shakhsi bo davat hozirshuda imkoni tark kardani hududi Jumhurii Tojikistonro doshta, dar muhlati 15 shabonaruz az lahzai az bayn raftani zarurati huzuri u hududi Jumhurii Tojikistonro tark namekunad va yo badi tarki hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston dubora ba Jumhurii Tojikiston barmegardad. (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)

 

Moddai 473. Ijroi suporish oid ba guzaronidani amalhoi murofiavi dar Jumhurii Tojikiston

 

  1. Sud, prokuror, mufattish, maqomoti tahqiq suporishhoi bo tartibi muqarrargardida ba onho dodai maqomot va shakhsoni mansabdori dakhldori davlathoi khorijiro oid ba guzaronidani amalhoi taftishi yo sudi muvofiqi qoidahoi umumii Kodeksi mazkur ijro mekunand.
  2. Hangomi ijroi suporish metavonand meyorhoi murofiavii davlati khoriji istifoda shavand, ba sharte, ki in amal dar shartnomai baynalmilali bo on davlat peshbini shuda boshad.
  3. Dar holathoi peshbininamudai shartnomai baynalmilali, hangomi ijroi suporish namoyandai maqomoti dakhldori davlati khoriji ishtirok karda metavonad.
  4. Agar ijroi suporish imkon nadoshta boshad, hujjathoi voridshuda mutobiqan tavassuti Prokurori generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston yo Sudi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba maqomoti khorijie, ki suporish az on omadaast, bo zikri sababhoe, ki ba ijroi on mone gardidaand, bargardonida meshavand. Agar ijroi suporish ba istiqloliyat yo amniyati Jumhurii Tojikiston zarar rasonida tavonad va yo mukholifi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston boshad, be ijro bargardonida meshavad. (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)

 

Moddai 474. Baroi idoma dodani taqibi jinoyati ravon kardani mavodi parvanda

 

Dar holati sodir shudani jinoyat dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston az tarafi shahrvandi davlati khorijie, ki az hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston berun raftaast, tamomi mavodi parvandai ogozshuda va tahqiqshavanda ba Prokuraturai generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston doda meshavad, to ki masalai firistodani mavodro ba maqomoti dakhldori davlati khoriji baroi idoma dodani taqibi jinoyati hal kunad.  (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)

 

Moddai 475. Ijroi darkhosti idoma dodani taqibi jinoyati yo oid ba ogoz kardani parvandai jinoyati dar Jumhurii Tojikiston

 

  1. Murojiati maqomoti dakhldori davlati khoriji doir ba dodani parvandai jinoyati nisbati shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki dar hududi davlati khoriji jinoyat sodir karda, ba Jumhurii Tojikiston bargashtaast, baroi taftishi minbada az jonibi Prokuraturai generali barrasi karda meshavad. Taftishi peshaki, tahqiq va murofiai sud dar chunin holatho bo tartibi peshbininamudai Kodeksi mazkur anjom doda meshavad. (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)
  2. Dalelhoe, ki dar jarayoni tahqiqi parvanda dar hududi davlati khoriji az jonibi shakhsi mansabdori vakolatdorshuda dar doirai salohiyati u va bo tartibi muqarrarshuda ba dast ovarda shudaand, hangomi idoma dodani taftish dar Jumhurii Tojikiston barobari digar dalelhoi doir ba parvandai jinoyati jamshuda etibori huquqi dorand. (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)
  3. Dar holati az tarafi shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar hududi davlati khoriji sodir kardani jinoyat va to nisbat ba u ogoz shudani taqibi jinoyati dar mahalli sodir shudani jinoyat ba Jumhurii Tojikiston bargashtanash parvandai jinoyati metavonad az tarafi maqomoti bosalohiyati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar asosi mavode, ki maqomoti davlati khoriji ba Prokuraturai generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshnihod namudaast, ogoz va taftish karda shavad. (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)

 

BOBI 49. SUPORIDANI SHAHS BAROI BA JAVOBGARII JINOYATI KASHIDAN YO BAROI IJROI HUKM

 

Moddai 476. Ravon kardani talabnoma dar khususi dodani shakhse, ki dar hududi davlati khoriji meboshad

 

  1. Prokuraturai generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar holat va bo tartibe, ki dar qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston va dar shartnomahoi baynalmilalii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini shudaand, ba maqomoti dakhldori davlati khoriji bo talabnomai dodani shakhse, ki dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston jinoyat sodir kardaast, murojiat mekunad ba sharte, ki oid ba in shakhs hukmi aybdorkunanda yo qarori ba javobgari kashidan ba sifati aybdorshavanda qabul shuda boshad. (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)
  2. Talabnoma boyad malumoti zerinro dar bar girad:

nasab, nom va nomi padari mahkumshuda (aybdorshavanda), soli tavallud, malumot dar borai shahrvandi, tasviri zohiri, aksho;

– bayoni holathoi voqeii jinoyati sodirshuda bo zikri matni qonune, ki baroi in jinoyat javobgariro peshbini mekunad va zikri hatmii jazo;

– malumot dar borai joy va vaqti barovardani hukme, ki etibori qonuni paydo kardaast yo qaror dar borai ba sifati aybdorshavanda jalb kardan bo zamimai nuskhahoi tasdiqshudai hujjathoi dakhldor.

 

Moddai 477. Haddi javobgarii jinoyatii shakhsi ba Jumhurii Tojikiston suporidashuda

 

  1. SHakhse, ki az tarafi davlati khoriji ba Jumhurii Tojikiston suporida shudaast, be rizoi davlate, ki uro suporidaast, baroi jinoyati digare, ki bo suporidani u vobasta nest, nametavonad ba javobgarii jinoyati kashida, jazo doda shavad, hamchunin ba davlati seyum suporida shavad.
  2. Qoidai qismi 1 hamin modda dar holati az tarafi shakhs sodir shudani jinoyat badi suporidani u tatbiq namegardad.

 

Moddai 478. Ijroi talabnomai suporidani shakhse, ki dar Jumhurii Tojikiston qaror dorad

 

  1. Talabnomai suporidani shahrvandi davlati khoriji, ki dar sodir namudani jinoyat aybdor karda meshavad yo dar hududi davlati khoriji mahkum shudaast, az tarafi Prokurori generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston yo muovini u barrasi karda meshavad. Dar surati mavjud budani talabnomai yakchand davlat doir ba suporidani shakhs qarori ba kadom davlat suporidani shakhsro Prokurori generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston qabul mekunad. (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)
  2. SHart va tartibi suporidan tavassuti Kodeksi mazkur va shartnomai tarafayni Jumhurii Tojikiston bo davlati khoriji muayyan karda meshavad.
  3. Agar dar borai shahrvandi davlati khoriji, ki baroi jinoyati digar dar hududi Jumhurii Tojikiston adoi jazo mekunad, darkhosti suporidani u vorid gardad, suporidan metavonad to ba okhir rasidani muhlati jazo yo ozod kardan az jazo muvofiqi har guna asosi qonuni ba takhir andokhta shavad. Agar shahrvand ba javobgarii jinoyati kashida shuda boshad, muhlati suporidani uro to barovardani hukm, ba okhir rasidani muhlati jazo yo ozod kardan az javobgarii jinoyati yo az jazo muvofiqi har guna asosi qonuni mumkin ast, ba takhir andokhta shavad. Agar ba takhir andokhtani muhlati suporidani gunahgor boisi guzashtani muhlati taqibi jinoyati gardad yo ba tahqiqi jinoyat khalal rasonad, shakhsero, ki suporidani u dar asosi talabnoma zarur ast, muvaqqatan suporidan mumkin ast. (QJT az 24.02.17 s., №1381)

 

Moddai 479. Rad kardani suporidani shakhs

 

Suporidani shakhs dar holathoi zerin rad karda meshavad, agar:

– ba shakhs az jonibi Jumhurii Tojikiston panohgohi siyosi doda shuda boshad;

– kirdore, ki asosi talabnoma doir ba suporidan qaror doda shudaast, az jonibi Jumhurii Tojikiston hamchun jinoyat etirof nagardad;

– nisbat ba shakhs allakay baroi hamon jinoyat hukme barovarda shuda boshad, ki etibori qonuni paydo kardaast yo taftishi parvanda qat karda shudaast;

– dar borai dar davlati suporidashavanda mavridi shikanja qaror giriftani shakhs malumot mavjud boshad; (QJT az 27.11.14s., №1134)

– muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston bo sababi guzashtani muhlat yo az rui asosi digari qonuni parvandai jinoyati nametavonad ogoz yo hukm ijro karda shavad.

 

Moddai 480. Suporidani shakhsoni doroi dushahrvandi va shakhsoni beshahrvand

 

  1. Tartibi suporidani shakhsoni doroi dushahrvandi va shakhsoni beshahrvand bo qoidahoi moddai 478 Kodeksi mazkur muayyan karda meshavad.
  2. Suporidani shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki doroi dushahrvandi meboshad, tanho dar holathoe imkonpazir ast, ki makhsus dar shartnoma yo sozishnomai tarafayn peshbini shuda boshand.

 

Moddai 481. Ba habs giriftan baroi suporidan

 

  1. Hangomi az maqomoti dakhldori davlati khoriji vorid gardidani talabnomai ba tavri zaruri ba rasmiyat darovardashuda va dar surati mavjud budani asoshoi qonuni baroi suporidan u metavonad dastgir karda va nisbat ba u chorai peshgiri dar namudi ba habs giriftan bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai bobi 12 Kodeksi mazkur tatbiq karda meshavad.
  2. Dar borai ba habs giriftani shakhs ba maqomoti davlati khorijie, ki talabnomai suporidanro firistodaast, yakjoya bo peshnihodi vaqt va joi suporidan favran khabar doda meshavad.
  3. Agar dar davomi si shabonaruz suporidan ijro nagardad, shakhse, ki dar habs nigoh doshta meshavad boyad bo qarori sud ozod karda shavad. Takroran ba habs giriftan tanho badi barrasii talabnomai nav doir ba suporidan mutobiqi qismi 1 hamin modda imkonpazir ast.

 

Moddai 482. Suporidani ashyo

 

  1. Hangomi ba maqomoti davlati khoriji suporidani shahrvand, inchunin ashyoe, ki oloti jinoyat ast va osori jinoyat dorad yo bo rohi jinoyati ba dast ovarda shudaast, doda meshavad. In ashyo dar asosi talabnoma va dar holate, ki suporidani shakhs ba sababi favti u yo bo sababhoi digar amali shuda nametavonad doda meshavad.
  2. Agar ashyoi dar qismi 1 hamin modda zikrshuda, baroi taftish az rui parvandai digari jinoyati zarur boshad, mumkin ast muvaqqatan nigoh doshta shavad.
  3. Baroi tamini huquqi qonunii shakhsoni seyum suporidani ashyoi dar qismi 1 hamin modda zikrshuda, tanho dar surati mavjud budani kafolathoi maqomoti davlati khoriji dar borai bargardonidani ashyo badi ba okhir rasidani taftish az rui parvanda anjom doda meshavad.

 

BOBI 50. SUPORIDANI  SHAHSE, KI BA MAHRUM KARDAN AZ OZODI MAHKUM SHUDAAST, BAROI ADOI JAZO BA DAVLATE, KI U SHAHRVANDI ON AST

 

Moddai 483. Asosho baroi suporidani shakhse, ki ba mahrum kardan az ozodi mahkum shudaast, baroi adoi jazo ba davlate, ki u shahrvandi on ast

 

SHartnomai baynalmilalii Jumhurii Tojikiston bo davlati khorijii dakhldor yo sozishi khattii bo sharthoi mutaqobil imzonamudai Prokurori generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston bo maqomoti bosalohiyat va shakhsoni mansabdori davlati khoriji baroi suporidani shakhse, ki az tarafi sudi Jumhurii Tojikiston ba mahrum kardan az ozodi mahkum shudaast, baroi adoi jazo dar davlate, ki u shahrvandi on davlat meboshad, hamchunin baroi suporidani shahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki az tarafi sudi davlati khoriji mahkum shudaast, baroi adoi jazo dar Jumhurii Tojikiston asos ba shumor meravad.

 

Moddai 484. SHart va tartibi suporidani mahkumshuda baroi  adoi jazo ba davlate, ki u shahrvandi on  ast

 

  1. Suporidani shakhse, ki dar Jumhurii Tojikiston mahkum shudaast, baroi adoi jazo ba davlate, ki u shahrvandi on davlat ast, to khatmi jazoi u ba tariqi mahrum kardan az ozodi dar asosi darkhosti mahkumshuda, namoyandai qonuni yo kheshovandoni nazdiki u, hamchunin dar asosi talabnomai maqomoti bosalohiyati davlati dakhldor bo rizoi mahkumshuda imkonpazir ast.
  2. SHakhs tanho badi etibori qonuni paydo kardani hukm bo qarori Prokurori generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston yo muovini u metavonad suporida shavad va onho dar borai suporida shudani mahkumshuda ba sude, ki hukm barovardaast, khabar medihand.

 

Moddai 485.  Rad kardani suporidani shakhsi ba mahrum kardan az  ozodi mahkumshuda ba davlati khoriji baroi adoi jazo

 

Suporidani shakhsi ba mahrum kardan az ozodi mahkumshuda baroi adoi jazo ba davlate, ki u shahrvandi on davlat ast dar holathoi zerin rad karda meshavad, ba sharte, ki:

– kirdore, ki shakhs baroi on mahkum shudaast, bo qonunguzorii davlate, ki u shahrvandi on meboshad, jinoyat etirof nagardad;

– jazo bo sababi guzashtani muhlat yo bo digar asosi peshbininamudai qonunguzorii in davlat nametavonad dar davlati khoriji ado karda shavad;

– az mahkumshuda yo az davlati khoriji kafolathoi ijroi hukm dar qismi davoi grajdani vorid nashuda boshand;

– doir ba suporidani mahkumshuda dar asosi sharthoi peshbininamudai shartnomai baynalmilali muvofiqa hosil nashuda boshad;

– mahkumshuda dar Jumhurii Tojikiston joi zisti doimi doshta boshad.

 

Moddai 486. Barrasii darkhost dar borai dar Jumhurii   Tojikiston ado namudani jazo

 

SHahrvandi Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki az tarafi sudi davlati khoriji ba mahrum kardan az ozodi mahkum shudaast, namoyandai  qonuni yo kheshovandoni nazdiki u, hamchunin maqomoti bosalohiyati davlati khoriji bo rizoi mahkumshuda metavonand ba Prokurori generalii Jumhurii Tojikiston bo darkhosti adoi jazo az tarafi mahkumshuda dar Jumhurii Tojikiston murojiat namoyand.

 

 

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON 

Dar borai qabul va mavridi amal qaror dodani

Kodeksi murofiavii jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston

 

Bo Qarori Majlisi namoyandagoni Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston

az 14-umi oktyabri soli 2009, № 1425

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, soli 2009, № 9-10, moddai 591) qabul gardidaast.

 

Bo Qarori Majlisi millii Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston

az 19-umi noyabri soli 2009, № 694

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, soli 2009, № 11, moddai 702) jonibdori gardidaast.

 

Moddai 1. Qabuli Kodeksi murofiavii jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston

 

Kodeksi murofiavii jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston qabul karda shavad.

 

Moddai 2. Mavridi amal qaror dodani  Kodeksi murofiavii jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston

 

Kodeksi murofiavii jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston az 1 apreli soli 2010 mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

 

Moddai 3. Az etibor soqit donistani baze sanadhoi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston

 

Kodeksi murofiavii jinoyatii Jumhurii Tojikiston, ki bo Qonuni Jumhurii Tojikiston az 17 avgusti soli 1961 tasdiq karda shudaast (Vedomosthoi Soveti Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, c.1961, №24, mod.126; s. 1962, №1, mod.7; s. 1964, №1, mod. 9; s.1967, №1, mod.8,9; s.1968, №24, mod.204; s. 1970,№12, mod.67 (sarkhathoi 1 va 3); s.1973, №1, mod.9 (sarkhati 3), №12, mod.114; s.1975, №13, mod.14; s.1977, №11, mod.90; s. 1978, №14, mod, 142; s.1981, №24, mod. 225; s.1984, №2, mod. 15 (sarkhathoi 3 va 5), №4, mod.36 (sarkhati 3), №23, mod.222; s.1985, №7, mod.9 (sarkhati 1), №23, mod.233; s.1987, №5, mod.74, №24, mod.333; s.1988, №5, mod.55, №21, mod.167, №24, mod.225; s.1990, №7, mod.56, №16, mod.268, №24, mod.410; s.1991, №14, mod.237; Akhbori SHuroi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, s.1992, №23, mod.333; s.1993, №9-10, mod.137, №19-20, mod.438, №21-22, mod.455; Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, s.1995, №23-24, mod.358; s.1996,№4, mod.62; s.1997, №9, mod.117; s.1998, №10, mod.72; s.1999, №12, mod.305; s.2000, №11, mod.523; s.2002, №4, q.1, mod.281; s.2004, №7, mod.461;  s.2005, №7, mod.644; s.2007, №5, mod.359; s.2008, №3, mod.287, №6, mod.445; s.2009, №3, mod.79) az 1 apreli soli 2010 az etibor soqit donista shavad.

 

Moddai 4. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

 

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

 

Prezidenti

Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                                                                                  Emomali Rahmon

 

sh.Dushanbe, 3 dekabri soli 2009

№ 564

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