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KLIMATOTERAPIYA

klimatoterapiyaKLIMATOTERAPIYA (Clumatotherapia; az yun. klima – iqlim va terapiya), iqlimshifoi, bo maqsadi muolijai bemoron va behdoshti salomati istifoda burdani khususiyathoi shifobakhshi iqlim dar mahalhoi aholinishin yo kurortu shifokhonahoi makhsusi iqlimi. Baroi K. yo iqlimro muvaqqatan ivaz mekunand (dar davrai dar kurort yo sanatoriya tabobat kardan), yo muolijaro dar iqlimi baroi bemor odati (dar mahali istiqomatii u) meguzaronand. K.-ro alohida yo yakjoya bo dig. usulhoi tabobat istifoda mebarand.
Vositahoi tabobati iqlimi chuninad: muolija bo havoi toza –aeroterapiya, muolija bo oftob – gelioterapiya (nig. Vannahoi havoi va oftobi), obbozi dar bahr, daryo, kul. Baroi K. inshoothoi makhsus, yane aerosolyarho (ayvonchahoi makhsus baroi qabuli vannahoi havoi va oftobi), shipangho, plyajho, havzho va g.-ro kor mefarmoyand.
Boyad dar khotir dosht, ki yakbora iqlimro ivaz kardan (khususan dar fasli garmi sol) ba organizm sakht tasir merasonad. Ba kudakoni khurdsol, odamoni kuhansol va shakhsone, ki muddati daroz giriftori illati uzvhoi nafaskashi, dilu rag va uzvhoi digarand, inchunin ba shakhsoni asabashon noustuvor va hayajonpazir tagyiri iqlim tasiri bad meorad. Reaksiyai mutobiqati onho sust buda, dar davrai akklimatizatsiya ba sharoiti iqlimi nav bemoriashon avj megirad. CHunin odamon boyad dar sharoiti iqlimi odati tabobat karda shavand.
Pesh az ba kurort safar kardan, az dukhtur maslihat pursidan zarur ast. Odatan, dukhtur khususiyathoi fardii bemor, sinnu sol, daraja va jarayoni bemori, fasli sol va g.-ro ba nazar girifta, meyori muolijaro tain mekunad; dar asnoi muolija dar kurorthoi iqlimashon muvofiq (ba tavsiya va zeri nazorati dukhtur) faoliyati sistemai asab behtar va mekhanizmi mutobiqati organizm mukammal gashta, organizm ba tasiri omilhoi nomusoid ustuvor meshavad, obutob meyobad. Dar surati durust intikhob kardan va oqilona guzaronidani K. faoliyati uzvhoi usorai dokhili mutadil va khastagi raf meshavad. K. aksulamali makhsusi organizmro niz ba vujud meovarad. CHunonchi, hangomi qabuli vannahoi havoi va oftobi organizm obutob yofta, zimni tasiri nuri oftob dar organizm vitamini D va dig. moddahoi faoli biologi hosil meshavand; dar natija mubodilai moddaho va qobiliyati muhofizati organizm meafzoyand.
K.-ro beshtar dar sharoiti kurortu sanatoriyaho, khususan dar kurortho istifoda mebarand. Dar qalamravi Ittihodi davlathoi mushtarakulmanofe kurorthoe mavjudand, ki baroi K. ahamiyati kalon dorand. Dar sharoiti iqlimi nazdibahri (mas., Sohili janubi Qrim), ki obu havoyash mutadil va radiatsiyai oftob farovon ast, shakhsoni giriftori baze namudhoi bemorii sil, inchunin amrozi shush, rohi boloi nafas, sistemahoi dilu rag, mubodilai moddaho, nevroz va g. muolija meyoband. Dar sharoiti mintaqahoi subtropikii sernam (Sochi-Masesta, Gagra, va g.) bemorihoi asab, uzvhoi takyayu harakat va dilu ragro tabobat mekunand. Vale harorati balandu serborishi fasli tobistoni in kurortho baroi tabobati bemorihoi shush nomusoid ast. Gayr az in, dar fasli garmi sol ba in kurortho safar kardani shakhsoni giriftori bemorihoi dilu rag, endokrini va nevroz joiz nest. Kurorthoi iqlimi biyobon va nimbiyobon (Bayram Ali, Sitora va Mohi Hosa), ki tobistoni garmu khushk va ruzhoi oftobii ziyod dorand, ba shakhsoni giriftori kasalihoi gurda muvofiq meboshand.
Dar Tojikiston baroi K. khosa farogatgohhoi Hojaobigarm, Zumrad, Garmchashma, SHombari, Obigarm, Havotag va g. sozgorand. Baroi K. sharoiti iqlim va obu havoi Tojikiston khele musoid ast. Bisyorii ruzhoi oftobi (dar Dushanbe sole to 2731 soat), shiddati radiatsiyai oftob, kamii miqdori borishoti solona (az 70 to 1270 mm) va namnokii nisbii havo (az 43 to 64%) jihathoi khosi iqlimi jumhuri meboshand. Dar sharoiti iqlimi Tojikiston bo rohi K. bemorihoi dilu rag (gipertoniya, ishemiyai dil), mubodilai moddaho (artrit, poliartrit), amrozi shush (pnevmoniya, bronkhit) va ikhtiloli faoliyati silsilai asab muolija karda meshavand. Dukhtur vobasta ba khususiyatu namudi bemori, sinnu sol va khususiyathoi fardii mariz, baroi K. in yo on kurortro tavsiya mekunad.

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