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KIVI

kiviKIVI (Actinidia deliclosa), aktinidiya, yak nav rastanii mevador. Poyaash pechandai borik (qutrash 20 – 30 sm); reshaash ba zamin chuqur nameravad. SHokhu navdaash zudsabz buda, dar tuli 3 – 4 moh ba 5 – 6 m merasad. Bargash dilshakl, gulash safedi khushbuy. Rangi mevaash sabzi baland, badi purra pukhta rasidan, kharbuzagun meshavad.
Mevai K. (40 – 150 g) zohiran ba kartoshka monand buda, tami nafisu guvoro dorad. Pustash patdori nafis (mavridi istemol onro toza mekunand). Magzi meva zumradgun, sershira va khushbuy buda, tukhmi maydai siyoh dorad.
Mevai K. davoi khubi fishori khun va bemorihoi dil ast. Aksar bar on aqidaand, ki vatani K. Zelandiyai Nav meboshad. Vale surati hol chunin nest. K.-ro bori avval dar Hitoi Qadim parvarish kardaand. Ba Zelandiyai Nav s. 1906 roh yoftaast. K.-ro az tukhm va bo rohi nashvi ziyod mekunand. Bunyodi plantatsiyai on misli tokzor ast. Parvarishi K.-ro metavon dar Tojikiston niz ba roh mond.
Mevai K. sergizo buda, baroi bemoroni giriftori gipertoniya naf dorad; garonii medaro raf sokhta, ba zardajush va orug zadan khotima mebakhshad. Olimoni norvegi muqarrar kardaand, ki K.-ro bahri peshgirii bemorihoi dil istifoda burdan mumkin ast, zero on ravganro hazm va suddabandii raghoro jilavgiri menamoyad. Bo aqidai onho har ruz istemol kardani 2 – 4 dona K. dar tuli yak moh khavfi sar zadani sudda (tromb)-ro 18 fisad kohish medodaast.

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