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«KITOBU-T-TIBI-L-MANSURi»

kitob-2«KITOBU-T-TIBI-L-MANSURi» («Kitobi tibbii bakhshida ba Mansur»), asari ensiklopedii Abubakr Muhammad ibni Zakariyoi Rozi dar bobi tib. Dar ibtidoi a. 10 ba zaboni arabi navishta, ba hokimi Ray – Mansur ibni Ishoqi Somoni bakhshida shudaast.
«K.» samarai riyozat va tajribahoi farovoni ilmiyu amalii alloma va hakimi buzurg buda, tamomi durdonahoi asari tibbii SHarqi Qadim, az jumla merosi ilmii YUnonu Rimi bostoni, Hindustonu Hitoy, Eronu Osiyoi Markazi va qisman Evropayu Afrika (Misr, Ispaniya, Aljazoir)-ro darbar giriftaast.
Asar az 10 kitob (beshtar az 200 juzi talifi) iborat ast. Kitobi 1-um ba anatomiya va fiziologiyai odam bakhshida shuda, dar on bayoni ustukhon, mushakho, uzvhoi dokhili, asab va ragho, uzvhoi jinsiyu ikhroj tasvir gashtaand. Kitobi 2-yum dar borai asoshoi nazariyavii ilmi tib, mizoj (temperament), vobastagii khislati bemori ba chigunagii mizoj bahs mekunad. Kitobi 3-yum zikri parhez va moddahoi dorugiro darbar girifta, dar borai rol va ahamiyati khurok dar tandurusti, natijai muolijavi zohir namudani on va g. malumot medihad. Kitobi 4-um ba gigiena va roli on dar nigahdorii tandurusti, ahamiyati taqtir (distillyatsiya) va jushonidani obi nushoki, tozagii badan va saru libos, istiqomatgoh va asbobhoi ruzgor, shustushuy dar hammom, qabuli bug dar bugkhona, mash (massaj), giriftani muyhoi badan, behbudii sharoiti zindagi va g. oid ast. Kitobi 5-um oid ba orostagi (kosmetika) va nigohubini pust, baze bemorihoi pust va muolijai onho, usulhoi tayyor namudani vositahoi doruii ba pust molidashavanda va g. bakhshida shudaast. Kitobi 6-um az maslihatho ba sayyohon, parhez va g. iborat ast. Kitobi 7-um roje ba jarrohi buda, dar on hamai usulhoi jarrohii asrimiyonagii sharqi qadim bayon gardidaand. Dar in kitob khususan ba shikastabandi va jarrohii uzvhoi latkhurda, jarohat, muolijai omos, sangi gurda va g. ahamiyati makhsus doda shudaast. Kitobi 8-um dar borai zahrho bahs menamoyad. Kitobi 9-umro kitobi darsii oid ba patologiya (bemorshinosi) nomidan mumkin ast. Kitobi 10-um ba tablarza va shaklhoi gunoguni on, tarzi tashkhis va usulhoi muolijayu peshgirii onho bakhshida shudaast.
Dar «K.» dar borai sokht va vazifai uzvho, bemoriho va usulhoi muolijai onho malumot gird ovarda shudaand. «K.» az sababi soddabayoni dar mamlakathoi Evropa bo nomi «Nonus Almansorius» mashhur gashta, to a. 16 dar bisyor donishgohho dar qatori asarhoi Buqrot, Jolinus, Abuali ibni Sino va digar olimoni zabardast chun kitobi darsi omukhta meshud. Bisyor qoidahoi nazofat va nigahdorii tandurusti, usulhoi peshgiri va muolijai bemoriho, ki dar asar zikr yoftaand, ba asosi tibbi khalqhoi SHarqu Garb tabdil yofta, dar bayni khalq mamul gashtaand.

T. Ahmadov.

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