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«KITOBU-T-TAYSIR Fi-L-MUDOVOT VA-T-TADBIR»

kitob-2«KITOBU-T-TAYSIR Fi-L-MUDOVOT VA-T-TADBIR» (Kitobi osoniovar dar darmon va tadbir), asari Abumarvon Abdulmalik ibni Zuhr (vaf. 1162). Behtarin kitobest, ki Ibni Zuhri Andalusi dar tib talif kardaast, zero u bad az pukhtagii kasbi hosil kardanu tajribahoi ziyod andukhtan dar tibbu tabobat va ba qavle bo maslihati dustu rafiqi nazdiki khud Ibni Rushd ba navishtani on iqdom menamoyad. Muallif beshtar ba janbai amalii tib etibor doda, kushidaast on chizhoero bayon kunad, ki ham ba osoni ba dast oyand va ham ba osoni dar amal tatbiq shavand. Naql ast, ki kitob barobari talif shudan shuhrat yoftaast. Muallif hanuz onro ba okhir narasonda nuskhabardoron ba nuskhabardori va tarjumonho ba tarjima kardani on pardokhtaand. Dar natija dar yak vaqt du tarjimai az yakdigar nomalumi on ba zaboni yahudi ba vujud meoyad. Tarjumahoro ba Italiya burda, az rui yake az onho kitobro ba zaboni lotini megardonand va hamin tariq on dar markazhoi ilmiyu farhangii Avrupo pahn shuda, mavridi mutolia va omuzish qaror megirad. Kitob to ibtidoi a. 18 dasturi muhimi talimi dar donishgohhoi tibbii Avrupo ba shumor meraft. Ba shahodati sharqshinosi fransavi Lekler (vaf. 1892) naqshi on dar tarikhi tib na kamtar az naqshi «Al-Hovi»-i Abubakri Rozi va «Al-Qonun»-i Ibni Sino budaast.
«K.» az muqaddima, du sifr (qism) va yak mulhaq bo nomi «Kitobu-l-jome» iborat ast. Sifri yakum tamomi bemorihovu illathoi bakhshi boloi tan az sar to poyoni qafasi sina va rohhoi muolijai onhoro darbar giriftaast. Sifri duvvum dar bayoni bemorihovu illathoi bakhshi poyonii tan buda, inchunin tabho, buhronho, bemorihoi vaboi va rohhoi muolijai onhoro darbar megirad. Muallif dar mulhaqi kitob, ki onro bo darkhosti amiri Ishbiliya navishtaast, yak qism doruhoi murakkabi baroi mardumi gayri tabib munosibu maruf, az qabili oshomidaniho, majunho va ravganhoro yod kardaast. Matni komil va intiqodii «K.» bo tahqiqotu tavzehoti doktor Mishel al-Huri va bo muqaddimai doktor Muhiyyuddini Sobir dar asosi chahor dastkhati qadimai on ki dar kitobkhonahoi gunoguni jahon (Parij, Rabot, Oksford va London) mahfuzand, bori avval s. 1983 dar Dimishq ba tab rasidaast.
«K.» bo sabki nigorishi khud az tamomi kitobhoi tibbii qabl va bad talifshuda farq mekunad. Muallif dar on az ibtido to intiho odobi shariro bo kamoli nazokatu fasohat rioya karda, nishon dodaast, ki aql bo emon va ilm bo shariat chi andoza ba ham robitai nogusastani dorand.
Ad.: Ibni Zuhr, «Kitobu-t-taysir fi-l-mudovoti va-t-tadbir», Dimishq, 1983.
S. SHahobuddinov.

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