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«KITOBU-S-SINOAT»

kitob«KITOBU-S-SINOAT» («Kitob oid ba sanati pizishki»), asari Sulton Giyosuddin dar bobi tib, ki ba zaboni forsi-tojiki dar SHodiobodi Hinduston navishta shudaast. Soli talifash malum nest. «K.» az sarsukhan va chand bob iborat ast, ki ba tartibi tasviri bemoriho (az bolo ba poyon) bakhshida shudaand. Sarsukhani «K.» dar borai az kujo jam shudan va chiguna ahamiyat doshtani on bahs menamoyad. Dar muqaddimai kitob omada: «Avval tabibro boyad, ki dar ilm tamomi azoro ba kulliya dida va donista boshad. Va ilmi tib peshi ustod khonda boshad… Dar chahor usul komil boshad. YAkum dar usuli illatshinosi… Duyum adviyashinosi… Seyum usuli tajriba… CHahorum, tabib boyad dar etiqodi insondusti mustahkam boshad, amr ba iyodat nakunad (farmon nadihad, ki bemor ba nazdi u, yane ba khonai tabib biyoyad) va bo imkoniyat va sayi khud fuqaro va jonamondavu jomondaro muolija kunad ba gayri tama (begarazona)… Boyad, ki mehrubon boshad va narmdil va shafqat doshta boshad va bo qanoat buvad, tama bisyor nakunad, muolija ba rohi khayr kunad… Va ba tajriba firefta nashavad, ki falon doru falonro sud dosht… Tabib boyad kase boshad, ki asror nigoh dorad, va niz boyad ki illat (dardro) nek bishnosad…»
Dar bobi avvali «K.» nomgui yak qator sarchashmahoi tibbi zikr yoftaand, ki dar bayni onho «Al-Qonun», «Komilu-s-sinoat», «Jome»-i Ibni Baytor va kitobhoi tibbii hindi (Monkhat, CHhanturi va g.) duchor meoyand. Bayoni farqiyati organizmi zanu mard, jarayon va zuhuroti bemorihoi onho, muolijai in bemoriho, hissiyoti bemor, tayyor kardan va istifodai davoho va g. nuktahoi asosii asar ba shumor meravand. Mas., dar tadbiri kasone, ki az bemori khesta boshand, gufta shudaast: «…Va az chizhoe, ki garmi bifizoyad, chun ranj, riyozat, khashm va nishastanu guzashtan dar oftob khudro nigoh dorad. Va agar mumkin boshad, har ruz ba garmobai mutadil ravad. Va nigoh kunad, ki dar jigar dard hast yo ne… Az gizoi galiz parhez boyad kard… Az taomi nomuvofiq khurdan dil torik va tan garon meshavad va illati fataq orad. Pesh az hazm shudani taome taomi digar naboyad khurd, ki zarar orad… Kas taom vaqte boyad bikhurad, ki tan osuda boshad va pas az taom khurdan, ba kor mashgul nashavad va khudro ranja nadorad…»
Nuskhai yagonai asar, ki on ham notamom ast, iborat az 716 varaq (1432 sah.) tahti raqami 1932 dar shubai dastkhathoi sharqii Kitobkhonai milii ba nomi Firdavsi mahfuz ast. Kitobati onro ba a-hoi 16 – 17 nisbat medihand, az in ru «K.» boyad a. 15 yo az in pesh talif yofta boshad.
Ad.: Hikmati asrho (muntakhab az risola va lugathoi tibbi qadim), tartib: Kapranov V. A., R. Hoshim, D., 1975.
S. SHahobuddinov.

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